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National newspapers in Ireland are traditionally divided by format, between the relatively respectable and intelligent broadsheets and the scurrilous, gossip- and crime-obsessed tabloids.
The Irish Times (est. 1859) — generally considered the paper of record. Was once the paper of the Anglo-Irish Establishment, now a centre-liberal publication. Owned by the Irish Times Trust.
Irish Examiner (est. 1841 as the Cork Examiner, went national in 2000) — published in Cork, and thus places more emphasis on non-Dublin goings-on. Owned by Thomas Crosbie Holdings.
Irish Independent (est. 1905) — the "Indo" is a middle-of-road paper owned by Independent News and Media.
Foinse (est. 1996; name is Irish for "source" and is pronounced "fween-sha") — the only Irish-language national paper. Briefly cancelled in 2009 but returned as a weekly supplement in the Irish Independent.
The Irish News (est. 1891) — printed in Belfast and focuses on Northern Ireland, but sold in most of Ireland. Owned by the Fitzpatrick family.
Sunday Independent (est. 1906) — the "Sindo" is the best-selling Sunday title, and not afraid to court controversy. Famously anti-IRA it sometimes verged on being actively Unionist in outlook, though this has diminished slightly in recent years. Owned by Independent News and Media.
The Sunday Business Post (est. 1989) — a Sunday paper with emphasis on commerce, business etc. Owned by Thomas Crosbie Holdings.
Irish Daily Star (est. 1988 as The Star) — known for its sensational crime coverage. Owned by Independent Star Limited.
Evening Herald — "de Heddild" is owned by Independent News and Media.
Evening Echo — The Cork equivalent of the Herald. The guy who sells it on Patrick's Street has become something of a national legend with his distinctive shouting of "ECHO!" Owned by Thomas Crosbie Holdings.
Sunday World (est. 1973) — Sunday paper known for its articles on Northern Ireland paramilitaries. Owned by Independent News and Media.
Irish Daily Mail (est. 2006) — Ireland's newest major paper and sister to the British Daily Mail. Has struggled to find it's footing but is slowly moving away from being a carbon copy of the London Mail while retaining a strongly right of centre ethos. This has the unfortunate side effect of the Mail organising separate campaigns on both sides of the spectrum in Ireland and the UK (for example, a breast cancer drug was strongly supported by the British Mail and strongly opposed by the Irish Mail). Ironically the British paper was itself founded by a Dubliner. Owned by Associated Newspapers.
Many British newspapers also sell in the Republic of Ireland, including The Times, The Independent and The Guardian. Some tabloid also produce Irish editions, e.g. the Irish Sun.