A Succession Game is a form of Meta Multiplayer gameplay where, instead of competing against one another, the players take turns controlling a single faction. It is most often found in Real Time and Turn-Based Strategy games, particularly 4X games. It often goes by the name "hotseat", with the person currently playing said to be in this seat, though this term is also used for when players are each playing their own game or faction on the same machine. Although some games (such as Super Mario Bros. 3) have this functionality built in, a Succession Game is usually started by a player posting a topic in a Message Board identifying the game and asking for other interested players. Once enough players have been recruited, the group will then decide on:
- The order of play (usually this is the same as the signup order, with the thread-starter going first).
- The length of each player's session. This is usually done either one of two ways:
- In games where the faction's leader is represented by a character, such as the Total War series, the character will continue playing for until his character dies or is otherwise removed; in other words, each player plays as if he were that leader.
- The other method is to agree on a certain predetermined length of gameplay, such as a number of turns or an in-game year.
- What, if any, Game Mods should be used.
- What, if any, Self Imposed Challenges all players should adhere to.
- As noted above, the phenomenon is most prevalent on gaming forums. Good examples can often be found by looking in the "Stories" section (if it has one).
- Civilization Fanatics Center and Apolyton Civilization Site - the Civilization games.
- Paradox Interactive Forums maintains After Action Report sections for most of its games.
- The Dwarf Fortress forums.
- A number of Let's Plays work this way, especially ones of the above-mentioned Dwarf Fortress.
- In fact, the infamous Boatmurdered saga was a succession game.
- The Minecraft mod ChainWorld.
- Clockwork Empires is partly being designed with this in mind. No surprise, given that it's supposed to be a more approachable edition of Dwarf Fortress, and Gaslamp knows about Boatmurdered.