"Zoot suit, white jacket with side vents five inches long. I'm out on the street again And I'm leaping along. I'm dressed right for a beach fight, But I just can't explain Why that uncertain feeling is still here in my brain"
— The Who
, "Cut My Hair
A sort of precursor to the modern Hipster
, only with far more amphetamines and street fights, the Mod subculture emerged in England in the early 1960s. Characteristics included wearing tailor-made suits and army jackets, listening to soul, ska, and R&B as well as bands such as The Who
, The Kinks
and The Small Faces
, riding Italian scooters, and fighting with The Rival
Rocker subculture, who preferred the leather-jacketed "Greaser
" look and American rock and roll music like Chuck Berry
and Elvis Presley
. This rivalry came to a head at the Brighton Beach Riots of 1964, as shown in the film Quadrophenia
. The subculture died out in the late 1960s (although its more working-class and aggressive strand mutated into Skinheads
), experienced a revival in the late 1970s and early 1980s, and subsequently influenced the Britpop
explosion in the 1990s.
- Long Hot Summer, by Eric Stephenson and artist Jamie McKelvie, follows a young mod in Southern California during the revival of the 1980s.
- Although she's technically the godess of Britpop, the Goddess Britannia in Phonogram sports a mod look. (She's also drawn by Jamie McKelvie.)
- 2003 Oni Press miniseries Scooter Girl.
- Blue Monday, by the same writer as Scooter Girl.
- DC Comics 1960s teen humour title Swing With Scooter centred around a scooter riding Mod.
- Dave Gibbons' graphic novel The Originals is about futuristic hover-bike-riding mods in a dystopian society.
- Most of the cast of Quadrophenia. The film, based on the album by The Who, follows Jimmy, a young mod, as he pops pills, rides his scooter, and stares aimlessly out at the ocean trying to find himself.
- There is a gang of Mods in SLC Punk!. They are portrayed as the punks' rivals, excepting one who moves freely between social groups.
- The titular hero of the Austin Powers movies sports what is basically a caricatured mod style.
- Several characters in the 2010 film of Brighton Rock, which is set in 1964 and uses the Brighton Beach Riots as a backdrop.
- The rivalry between Mods and Rockers featured prominently in one episode of Inspector George Gently.
- In an episode of The Mighty Boosh, Vince goes for the Mod look.
- In Doctor Who, the Twelfth Doctor's costume is supposed to evoke a "Mod Man in a Box".
- Bad Machinery: The 2014 chapter, "The Case Of The Modern Men", involves a resurgence of mod culture in the comic's setting of Tackleford, complete with scooters and conflict with local rockers.