"Come with us back to the days of the caveman, when every woman wore furs, every man had a private club, and backyard barbecues were truly mammoth!"The days when gruff, thickbrowed club-wielding cavemen and sexy cavewomen in body-baring fur teddies roamed the earth alongside dinosaurs. Most humans were of low intelligence and communicated primarily in grunts, but this didn't stop them from inventing a sophisticated system of Bamboo Technology, most of which incorporated rocks, sinews, and small anthropomorphic dinosaurs who really didn't seem to mind the fact that they'd been locked under a counter and forced to serve as a primitive garbage disposal for the vast majority of their waking lives. ("It's a living," after all...) Real "cavemen" were quite different — although of course, it entirely depends what point in prehistory you're focusing on. They (at least in the last 100,000 years or so) were as intelligent as modern humans and had complex language. They used bows, spears, slings, and knives as well as clubs. They lived in tents or huts, sometimes structures built of mammoth bones, and maybe the mouths of caves but never deep inside. Most prejudices about cavemen were originally applied to Australian Aborigines, pygmies, Native Americans, and black people. If any serious attempt is made to explore what prehistoric cultures might have been like, it could be considered to fall into the category of Xenofiction. Named after the movie of the same name, which is quite well-known for its gratuitous usage of the trope. See Prehistoria for a Video Game level or setting set here.
— Kermit the Frog, The Muppet Show
Popular tropes from this time period are:
- Artistic License – Paleontology
- Bamboo Technology
- Domesticated Dinosaurs
- Everything's Better with Dinosaurs
- Fur Bikini
- Inventing the Wheel
- Nubile Savage
- Stock Dinosaurs
Works set in this time period are:
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Anime and Manga
- Otto employed this trope when he said that the Neanderthals started walking upright because they wanted to get their hands away from all that dinosaur shit.
- The 1950's comic book Tor drawn by Joe Kubert. A foreword in the modern collected edition apologetically says "Although it was already known to anyone who cared that men and dinosaurs had never dwelt on Earth at the same time...."
- Brazilian comic Pitheco, starring a caveman whose full name is "Pithecanthropus erectus da Silva" (Silva being the Brazilian equivalent of Smith).
- Archie Comics did a series of "Caveman Archie" stories with prehistoric versions of Archie and the rest of the Riverdale gang.
- "Clan of the Care Bear" in Cherry Cherry #5 features Cherry as a sexy cavegirl in prehistoric times.
- Garfield: His 9 Lives, where Garfield's first life is a sabretooth cat. The animated special takes one step further:
Narrator: In those days, the first everything was crawling up out of the sea: the first snake. The first chicken. Crab grass. The first real estate salesman.
- Jack Kirby's Devil Dinosaur is certainly one of the most awesome uses of the trope. Marvel took a good many years after the book ended trying to figure out how to hammer Devil and Moon Boy into continuity, since even in the Marvel Universe, prehistory wasn't like that. The current idea (usually) is that the series is set on an alien planet that just happens to resemble popular depictions of Earth's prehistory.
- One of the time periods that Superman appeared in during his involuntary time travels in Time And Time Again.
- Marvel Comics' Savage Land partly justifies and partly averts this trope. It's a preserve created by aliens that has various proto-human and humanoid tribes mixed with mammals and dinosaurs drawn from various past eras, mixed together in an artificial, mostly subtropical environment . . . in present-day Antarctica.
- The GEICO "caveman commercials" feature stereotypical-looking thick-browed Neanderthals with Genius Bruiser personalities from this era, somehow still living in modern times and acting like an oppressed minority.
- As does Cavemen, the short-lived TV series based on the Neanderthals from the commercials.
- The 90s Nissin Noodles commercials with ridiculously tiny cavemen hunting various prehistoric beasts like woolly mammoths and giant pterosaurs in a wasteland.
- D. W. Griffith's 1914 Silent Movie Brute Force (also known as The Primitive Man, In Prehistoric Days, and War of the Primal Tribes) is probably the earliest surviving film to depict cavemen and dinosaurs living together. This mainly consists of a brief scene with a Ceratosaurus, which is announced by an intertitle reading, "one of the perils of prehistoric apartment life." The majority of the film's plot concerns two primitive tribes fighting over women. Notably, the women are clothed in grass dresses rather than the now-customary Fur Bikinis, which probably wouldn't have met with 1914 standards of female modesty.
- The 1940 movie One Million BC and its 1967 remake titled One Million Years B.C. may be the Trope Codifier. The 1967 version is chiefly remembered for the mind-blowing sight of Raquel Welch (Ms. Fanservice incarnate) in a Fur Bikini. Ray Harryhausen, who animated most of the dinosaurs in the remake, comments that he did not make One Million Years B.C. for "professors... who probably don't go to see these kinds of movies anyway."
- Yor: The Hunter from the Future starts this way, complete with dinosaurs, giant lizards, women in furskin bikinis and barbarian heroes, only for it to be subverted with it being in fact a future world, not a prehistoric one.
- Quest for Fire, one of the more accurate depictions of the Stone Age. In a piece of truly inspired casting, Ron Perlman was one of the cavemen.
- Ringo Starr's Caveman, an open parody/comedy take on the genre, is set in "One Zillion years ago". October 9.
- Replace cavemen and dinosaurs with cavemen, Ice Age beasts, and pyramid-building Egyptians and you get 10,000 BC. The movie was an obvious homage to One Million Years BC, and adopts the same "eh, whatever" attitude towards accuracy.
- The opening scenes of Mel Brooks' Epic History of the World Part I, during which the cavemen, um, "discover themselves".
- This era was featured in Bill and Ted's Excellent Adventure. The cavemen don't appear until the group is about to take off, though. They're carrying burning torches.
- Year One features Hunter Michael Cera and Gatherer Jack Black as cavemen gatecrashing Biblical-narrative events. The problem is that while the story of Cain and Abel could be set at 1 Million B.C., early Israelites like Abraham are much less so. And then there's those Romans showing up. Anachronism Stew all around!
- Carry On Cleo had previously depicted the Britons as dinosaur-hunting cavepeople at the time of the Roman Empire. Rule of Funny applies, obviously.
- Before Adam is a historical novel by Jack London. It is the story of a man who dreams he lives the life of an early hominid Australopithecine. The story offers an early view of human evolution. The majority of the story is told through the eyes of the man's hominid alter ego, one of the Cave People. In addition to the Cave People, there are the more advanced Fire People, and the more animal-like Tree People. Other characters include the hominid's father, a love interest, and Red-Eye, a fierce "atavism" that perpetually terrorizes the Cave People. A sabre-cat also plays a role in the story.
- Earth's Children is a fairly well-researched attempt to construct realistic Ice Age cultures and involves clashes between Homo sapiens and Neanderthals. Science has marched on concerning some of the material Jean Auel used, and Ayla and Jondalar's technological inventions can only be believed as allegories for the inventions of multiple generations of Real Life people, but for the most part these books are quite believable and realistic. Their biggest problem is the Anachronism Stew of Homo sapiens material culture, mixing multiple Paleolithic eras together, and arguably the near total lack of Values Dissonance in the prehistoric Homo sapiens cultures.
- The blog novel Fartago is set at around the time Homo habilis, the first Hominid species, gained awareness. However, much of the novel's references underscore the fact that most portrayals of these early Hominid species portray them as a lot like us, but minor references in the novel prove the writer, Tony Caroselli, actually knows what he's talking about and is only making stuff up for comedy's sake.
- The Ram series, a Finnish children's book series by Maijaliisa Dieckmann, is about a girl called Ram living in prehistoric times, supposedly in what is now Finland. Her parents die on a long hunting trip and she is left to take care of her little brother alone with the grudging help of the neighbours who have too many children and elders to feed to care for two orphans. For emotional support, she turns to her dead grandmother who she believes is the family's spirit protector. The books also deal with discrimination as Ram's family is originally from another clan and they are thought of as outsiders in the village. In a later book she leaves the village with her brother to find her parents' original clan and rejoin her distant relatives. The author is a well-known and respected historical novelist so the depiction of the era is very accurate and life-like.
- The Stephen Baxter book Stone Spring which is set at the end of the most recent glaciation. The prehistoric inhabitants of the land that once connected Britain to the rest of Europe embark on an ambitious mud wall building to hold off the rising tide.
- Bone From a Dry Sea, by Peter Dickinson, is partly set four million years ago in a culture based on the aquatic ape hypothesis, and partly Meanwhile, in the Future... following the archaeologist who's digging up its remains.
- It's About Time: Astronauts Captain Mackenzie and Lieutenant Canfield accidentally break the time barrier and get stranded in One Million B.C. Features dinosaurs, prehistoric flora and fauna, and cavepeople speaking broken English. Eventually, Mackenzie and Canfield go back to the future, bringing with them a family they befriended.
- The first story An Unearthly Child of the original Doctor Who. No dinosaurs, however.
- "Sabre Tooth" and "Mammoth Journey", the last two episodes of Walking with Beasts, were set during the Pleistocene, in South America and Europe, respectively. And yeah, it was pretty darned accurate.
- The finale of Battlestar Galactica (2003), which occurs 150,000 years before present day, veers into this. The proto-humans the main characters observe, however, seem to avert the traditional cavemen stereotypes with Baltar commenting that they use tools and have a primitive society but is unsure if they have a comprehensive language. It is an educated guess that this also becomes the way of life of the Colonials thanks to Lee Adama's decision to get rid of all technology and live a primitive, simple life.
- Played absolutely straight in the "search for the Quantasaurus Rex" arc of Power Rangers Time Force, where Wes and Eric see Triceratops, Stegosaurus and get chased by an irate Tyrannosaurus, before Wes finds fairly advanced wall-paintings of the aforementioned Quantasaurus Rex.
- Justified in Land of the Lost (1974). The titular Land is an abandoned alien zoo, explaining the mix of dinosaurs from various eras and the Sleestak lost civilization.
- The Trope Maker may be Prehistoric Peeps, an 1890s cartoon series drawn by Edward Tennyson Reed and published in Punch. It depicted cavemen living with dinosaurs in a primeval imitation of contemporary Victorian society. It must be said that even in the 1890s, paleontologists were perfectly aware that dinosaurs and humans never lived together, but Rule of Funny obviously applies here. The comic received a cinematic adaptation in 1905, but it's now a lost film.
- The syndicated comic strip Alley Oop
- Another comic strip example: Johnny Hart's B.C., which also seems to be taking place in a bizarre Alternate Universe filled with modern humor (if you can call it that) and Fundamentalist Christianity. Johnny Hart is a (young-earth) creationist, so he may actually believe dinosaurs roamed the earth with cavemen. The low quality of the later Hart years was more tragic given that it was a pretty good comic strip before he saw the light and began filling it with Author Filibusters expounding his theology.
- Then there's the theory that the strip isn't really set in the prehistoric era at all, but rather a post-apocalyptic future.
- Many thought that the fundamentalism didn't really work in a strip named for the abbreviation of "Before Christ". Word of God had it that the strip was actually named after a college in Hart's hometown, but whether this was originally the case or just a Retcon dreamed up after Hart's conversion is unknown.
- With Hart's death and the strip passing into new hands, the overt Christianity references have been tossed back overboard.
- And the unfunniness with it. It's suddenly good again.
- Gary Larson occasionally depicted dinosaurs and cavemen together in The Far Side, and not without some shame on his part, even though it was for the sake of humor. See the page quote for Artistic License – Paleontology.
- Frank and Ernest make frequent stops here.
- The GURPS RPG supplement Lands Out Of Time introduces the "World of Banded Night" - which is this trope. It includes dinosaurs, cavemen, ape-men, even lizard-men and the ruins of an ultra-tech civilization.
- Also from their earlier adventure Big Lizzie which pits cowboys vs. banditos and dinosaurs in an alien preserve.
- The world of Jund in the Shards of Alara expansion for Magic: The Gathering is pretty clearly based on this trope, though they get away with it by being pure fantasy. Actual dragons replace the dinosaurs, brutal reptilian humanoids lord it over tribes of primitive humans and goblins, and the land itself is scarred by volcanic rifts where it isn't covered in chokingly dense jungle or festering tar pits.
- The 8-bit computer game Quest for Tires, based on the B.C. newspaper comics above.
- The Flintstones is one of the most iconic examples in western animation.
- The Ice Age movies are the Talking Animal version. It manages to sneak in dinosaurs inside blocks of ice. Somehow the onset of the ice age and its ending were only a sequel's width apart.The third movie has living dinosaurs, but they at least have the decency to live in a Lost World. And the fourth will add the continental drift! Geology means nothing to Blue Sky Studios.
- Histeria!! made this (and the time before it) the subject of the episode "The Dawn of Time".
- In an episode of Sheep in the Big City, General Specific and Private Public end up here while trying to chase Sheep through time. This being a Post Modern show, the first thing they encounter is a sign reading "Welcome to the most clichéd time portal of all." (which leads Specific to comment "We're in 1970s New Jersey?").
- The Super Mario World cartoon ran with the fact that the game was set in a place called Dinosaur Land and had the show set in the Stone Age, populating the place with lots of cavemen, including Oogtar the Not-Toad.
- Looney Tunes did three shorts of this type: "Prehistoric Porky", which takes place in One Billion, Trillion BC and shows Cavepig Porky's near-fatal chase with a saber-tooth tiger, "Daffy and the Dinosaur", which takes place "millions and billions and trillions of years ago" and shows a caveman hunting Daffy Duck, and "Pre-Hysterical Hare", where Bugs Bunny finds a caveman's documentary about life in 10,000 B. C. E.
- In one episode of The Fairly OddParents!, Timmy wishes there was no such thing as technology, so Cosmo and Wanda turn the clock back to the stone age.
- The Backyardigans sometimes pretend to be cavemen, though the dinos are optional.
- The Phineas and Ferb episode "Tri-Stone Area", set in 27, 000 B.C., where "Phineagrunk And Gurb" invent the wheel.
- In the DuckTales episode "Marking Time", Scrooge literally travels back to 1 million BC to find a land in which caveducks coexisted with dinosaurs. And yet, this is something of an aversion; after all, dinosaurs did coexist with ancestral ducks. However, it does therefore imply that the Duck Universe takes place in the Paleocene, which would make sense, since that was a time dominated by six-foot birds related to ducks.
- The Smurfs Season 9 began with the Smurfs traveling to the prehistoric past to bring a baby dinosaur home, and encountering an evil cave child that captures Clumsy and uses him for the "magic power" he possesses of being able to start a fire.
- The French-Belgian movie The Missing Link (known as B.C. Rock in the US) is the story of the first human born among apemen, and naturally it is set in this era. To be precise, the first scene takes place on May 25th, 196,303 B.C.
- The SpongeBob SquarePants episode "Ugh" (aka, "Spongebob B.C. - Before Comedy") depicts a Flintstone themed version of Bikini Bottom where SpongeGar, Patar and Squag discover fire.