Literature: The Highwayman
The wind was a torrent of darkness among the gusty trees,
The moon was a ghostly galleon tossed upon cloudy seas,
The road was a ribbon of moonlight over the purple moor,
And the highwayman came riding—
The highwayman came riding, up to the old inn-door.Written by Alfred Noyes in 1906, The Highwayman is a poem about, well, a highwayman who is in love with a landlord's daughter in 18th-Century England and is betrayed to the authorities by the ostlernote while out robbing. It ends badly.The poem has remained popular through the years, and was in 1995 voted 15th in the poll for England's favourite poems. Loreena McKennitt has also sung a musical version omitting some verses.
—The opening lines.
Tropes in this ballad:
- Adapted Out: Tim is absent from Loreena McKennitt's version. As a result, there's no apparent reason given for why the king's army came to ambush the highwayman at the inn.
- Banging for Help: A variation when Bess, tied up, shoots herself to warn her lover away.
- Blonde Guys Are Evil: Tim the Ostler has 'hair like mouldy hay'.
- Bound and Gagged: Bess through most of the second half.
- Book Ends: The last two verses repeat the first and the third one.
- Curtains Match the Window : Bess, the landlord's black-haired, black-eyed daughter.
- Death Is Dramatic: And how!
- Designated Villain: The redcoats are treated as villainous, even though they are trying to stop a dangerous criminal.
- Downer Ending: You bet.
- Everyone Calls Him Barkeep: The highwayman.
- Exact Eavesdropping: Tim just so happens to hear the highwayman talking all about his plans to Bess. Uh-oh.
- Expy: The highwayman is one of Dick Turpin.
- Flying Dutchman: How it all ends.
- Foreshadowing: The opening lines foreshadow the ghostly ending.
- Heroic Sacrifice: Bess frees herself just enough to be able to reach the trigger of the musket tied next to her. With no more time, she pulls it, killing herself and warning the approaching highwayman away from the redcoats's trap.
- Senseless Sacrifice: Unfortunately, when he hears of her death the next morning, his rage overtakes him and he returns to the inn, where he's shot dead on the spot.
- Heroic Vow: I'll come to thee by the moonlight, though Hell should bar the way.
- Murder the Hypotenuse: Timnote 's plan.
- No Name Given: The highwayman, again. Also the landlord.
- Rapunzel Hair: Bess and the highwayman try to touch hands, but even with him standing up, he can barely reach her. So she unties her hair, which falls easily to his face — so we're talking hair that's at least four feet long.
- Revenge Before Reason: What leads the highwayman to end up walking right into the ambush his love had given her life to warn him of.
- Stalker with a Crush: Tim is implied to be this.
- Together in Death: The final lines imply this for Bess and the highwayman.
- What Happened to the Mouse?: The landlord, Bess's father. He's given the tiniest mention when the redcoats show up, but it's never revealed what became of him.