Sophocles is one of the three Greek tragedians whose work has survived to the present day (the others being Aeschylus and Euripides). His best-known work is the play Oedipus the King.
Tragedies by Sophocles on the wiki:
- Oedipus at Colonus, the sequel to Oedipus the King.
- Oedipus the King
- The Progeny, a fragment — no more than a few lines have survived.
- The Women of Trachis
Tropes present in the works of Sophocles include:
- Because Destiny Says So: Oedipus the King
- Downer Ending: Well, it's not called tragedy for nothing.
- Driven to Suicide: Ajax, Antigone, Jocasta, Deianeira.
- Foregone Conclusion: Some plot points in many of his lost plays are known from other sources.
- Did They or Didn't They?: Odysseus Acanthoplex is based off the version of the myth where Odysseus and Circe did.
- Disproportionate Retribution: Atreus' revenge on the title character in Thyestes
- I'm a Humanitarian: Tereus, Thyestes
- Mama's Baby, Papa's Maybe: There's a play called Creusa, and the only Creusa known in Classical Mythology is from Euripides' Ion.
- Offing the Offspring: Tereus
- She Who Fights Monsters: Procne in Tereus.
- Greek Chorus: Aristotle in Poetics cited him as how choruses should work.
- Missing Episode: More than a hundred.
- Rummage Sale Reject: According to Aristophanes's comedy The Birds, the hoopoe costume in the lost play Tereus was ridiculous.
- Self-Fulfilling Prophecy: Trying to prevent the prophecy that their son will kill his father and marry his mother, Laios and Jocasta order that he be abandoned in the wild. But the baby is saved, and he not knowing his parents (nor they knowing him) is, of course, the set-up that makes the prophecy actually come true.
- It's worse than that. Oedipus, unaware that he is adopted, visits an oracle and is told that he will kill his father. He immediately flees from his parents so that he can't possibly kill his (adopted) father... and runs into Laios on the road where they get into a fight...
- You Can't Fight Fate: The measures Oedipus' parents take to prevent the prophecy from coming true are in vain.