Sophocles is one of the three Greek tragedians whose work has survived to the present day (the others being Creator/{{Aeschylus}} and Creator/{{Euripides}}). His best-known work is the play ''Theatre/OedipusTheKing''.

!! Tragedies by Sophocles on the wiki:

* ''Theatre/{{Ajax}}''
* ''Theatre/{{Antigone}}''
* ''Theatre/{{Electra}}''
* ''Theatre/OedipusAtColonus'', the sequel to ''Oedipus the King''.
* ''Theatre/OedipusTheKing''
* ''Theatre/{{Philoctetes}}''
* ''Theatre/TheProgeny'', a fragment -- no more than a few lines have survived.
* ''Theatre/TheWomenOfTrachis''
!! Tropes present in the works of Sophocles include:
* BecauseDestinySaysSo: ''Oedipus the King''
* DownerEnding: Well, it's not called tragedy for nothing.
* DrivenToSuicide: Ajax, Antigone, Jocasta, Deianeira.
* ForegoneConclusion: Some plot points in many of his lost plays are known from other sources.
** DidTheyOrDidntThey: ''Odysseus Acanthoplex'' is based off the version of the myth where Odysseus and Circe did.
** DisproportionateRetribution: Atreus' revenge on the title character in ''Thyestes''
** ImAHumanitarian: ''Tereus'', ''Thyestes''
** MamasBabyPapasMaybe: There's a play called ''Creusa'', and the only Creusa known in Myth/ClassicalMythology is from {{Euripides}}' ''Ion''.
** OffingTheOffspring: ''Tereus''
** [[HeWhoFightsMonsters She Who Fights Monsters]]: Procne in ''Tereus''.
* GreekChorus: Creator/{{Aristotle}} in ''Literature/{{Poetics}}'' cited him as how choruses ''should'' work.
* MissingEpisode: More than a hundred.
* RummageSaleReject: According to Creator/{{Aristophanes}}'s comedy ''Theatre/TheBirds'', the hoopoe costume in the lost play ''Tereus'' was ridiculous.
* SelfFulfillingProphecy: Trying to prevent the prophecy that their son will kill his father and marry his mother, Laios and Jocasta order that he be abandoned in the wild. But the baby is saved, and he not knowing his parents (nor they knowing him) is, of course, the set-up that makes the prophecy actually come true.
** It's worse than that. Oedipus, unaware that he is adopted, visits an oracle and is told that he will kill his father. He immediately flees from his parents so that he can't possibly kill his (adopted) father... and runs into Laios on the road where they get into a fight...
* YouCantFightFate: The measures Oedipus' parents take to prevent the prophecy from coming true are in vain.