"What Perrault began, the Grimms completed."Joseph Jacobs
(1854-1916) was a nineteenth century Australian folklorist and writer who collected English and Celtic fairy tales because — as the quote shows — he objected to the monopoly of German
fairy tales over English children. The best known of these tales is "Jack and the Beanstalk
", his version being not the oldest known but certainly the oldest known of the most common form. He omitted the moralizing addition that Jack was told that the giant's treasures had been stolen from his own father both because it had not been in the version he had heard as a child, and because he thought children knew it was wrong without being told so in a Fairy Tale
. Other tales you probably heard from are Goldilocksand The Three Bears
and The Three Little Pigs
His collections include:
- English Fairy Tales, containing "Jack and the Beanstalk", "Childe Rowland", "The Rose Tree", "Cap o' Rushes", "Kate Crackernuts", and "Molly Whuppie".
- More English Fairy Tales, containing "The Black Bull of Norroway" (a variant on "East of the Sun and West of the Moon"), "Tamlane", and three variants on "Cinderella", "Tattercoats", "Catskin", and "Rushen Coatie".
- Celtic Fairy Tales, containing "Gold-Tree and Silver-Tree", a variant on "Snow White".
- More Celtic Fairy Tales
- Indian Fairy Tales
- European Folk and Fairy Tales, containing many of the most familiar tales in slightly different forms than most people have heard of them.
Tropes featured in Joseph Jacobs' fairy tale collections:
- At the Crossroads: "The King of England and His Three Sons"
- Baleful Polymorph: "The Greek Princess and the Young Gardener"
- Dances and Balls
- Death by Childbirth: Tattercoat's mother
- Due to the Dead: In "The Rose Tree" the stepmother fails, and her child succeeds.
- The Fair Folk: A rare phenomena: actual fairies in a fairy tale, "Kate Crackernuts". But not nice ones.
- Forbidden Fruit: In "Gold-Tree And Silver-Tree" the second wife disobeys her husband's command not to go into a certain room. Fortunately, for once, because she revives Gold-Tree.
- Gender Flip:
- "Molly Whuppie" features in the tale type known as "The Small Boy Defeats the Ogre"
- "The Fish and the Ring" features a poor girl destined to marry a rich noble's son.
- "Kate Crackernuts" features a flip of "The Twelve Dancing Princesses"
- Green-Eyed Monster: In "Kate Crackernuts". Kate is not the target of it; her mother targets her stepsister Ann.
- It Was with You All Along: In "A Pottle O' Brains", the fool brings his clever wife when he goes to answer the wise woman's riddles to get a pottle of brains. The woman then explains that he has them already: in his wife's head.
- Love at First Sight: "The Greek Princess and the Young Gardener"
- Mistaken Nationality: Jacobs is often thought to be British, but he was actually born in Australia and only moved to England at age 18. The last 16 years of his life he spent in the United States.
- Noble Fugitive: Catskin, Rashen-Coatie
- Old Retainer
- Person with the Clothing: "Tattercoats", "Rushen Coatie"
- Pinocchio Syndrome: "The Greek Princess and the Young Gardener"
- Prince Charming: Tattercoats gets a particularly charming one: he actually falls in love with her in her rags.
- The Quest: In "The Buried Moon"
- Scullery Maid: Catskin
- She Cleans Up Nicely: "Catskin", and "Rushen Coatie". Not, however "Tattercoats"
- Standard Hero Reward: Molly Whuppie and Kate Crackernuts (Told you they were a Gender Flip.)
- Rags to Royalty
- When the Clock Strikes Twelve
- Wicked Stepmother: In "The Rose Tree"