Antonio Rodolfo Quinn Oaxaca
(April 21, 1915 – June 3, 2001), more commonly known as Anthony Quinn, was a Mexican-born American actor.
In 1936, he made the leap into the acting profession. That year he had a role in the play Clean Beds
with Mae West
and appeared in the film Parole!
This opened the door to other film roles, often Type Casting
him as a bad guy. Quinn did some of his finest film work in the 1950s and 1960s. He played the brother of Mexican Revolution
leader Emiliano Zapata, Eufemio Zapata in Viva Zapata!
(1952), a performance that won him the Academy Award
for Best Actor in a Supporting Role, making him the first Mexican American to win any Academy Award. He received that same honor again in 1956 for his portrayal of the painter Paul Gauguin in Lust for Life
with Kirk Douglas
. He was also nominated for Best Actor in 1957 for Wild Is the Wind
and in 1964 for Zorba The Greek
, and played Quasimodo
in the 1956 version of The Hunchback of Notre Dame
. Quinn achieved box-office success with starring roles in The Guns of Navarone
(1961) and Lawrence of Arabia
(1962). During the course of his career, Quinn appeared in more than 200 films.
In his later years, he took on fewer acting roles and pursued his interest in art by painting, sculpting, and designing jewelry. Married three times, Quinn is said to have fathered 13 children. He died of respiratory failure on June 3, 2001, in Boston, Massachusetts.