Due to being quite a Door Stopper, Romance of the Three Kingdoms has Loads and Loads of Characters, here sorted by the kingdoms they serve.
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Kingdom of Shu-Han
Liu BeiFounder of the Kingdom of Shu. Portrayed as a loyal servant of the Han Empire and its people. After the Han's downfall, he continues the Han lineage as the ruler of Shu-Han.
Liu ShanSecond and final emperor of Shu. His bungling is largely blamed for Shu's downfall.
Guan YuOne of Liu Bei's oath brothers. Famous for his moral rectitude and incredibly long beard. The leader of the Five Tiger Generals.
Zhang FeiThe youngest of Liu Bei's oath brothers. He had a fiery personality and a love of alcohol that got him into trouble at times. A member of the Five Tiger Generals.
Zhao YunA former servant of Yuan Shao and Gongsun Zan. He joins with Liu Bei when the latter is fleeing from Yuan Shao. A member of the Five Tiger Generals.
Ma ChaoThe eldest son of Ma Teng, the ruler of the Liangzhou region in northwest China. When his father is assassinated by Cao Cao, Ma attempts to fight off the Wei army on his own, but fails and is forced into the service of Zhang Lu. He would eventually defect to Liu Bei's force, where he would become one of the Five Tiger Generals.
Huang ZhongA veteran general who has to deal with being discriminated against because of his age. Famous for his ability with a bow. The last of the Five Tiger Generals.
Zhuge Liang/KongmingA master strategist, politician, scholar, and inventor, possibly the greatest of his age. He joined with Liu Bei after Liu made three visits to his cottage, and served him and his son loyally until his death. Rose to the position of Prime Minister of Shu.
Pang TongA strategist of Shu. Was turned away from Wu for being too ugly. Died relatively young in an ambush by Liu Zhang's forces.
Wei YanDefected from Han Xuan because of Han's shoddy treatment of Huang Zhong and his own desire to serve Liu Bei. Served Liu Bei loyally and skillfully, but after Liu Bei's death he became dissatisfied. Zhuge Liang was able to keep a leash on him, but on Zhuge's death he revolted and was evetually killed.
Mi ZhuAn officer under Tao Qian who joined Liu Bei when Tao left his city to Liu. Protected Liu Bei's family from Lu Bu.
Mi FangBrother of Mi Zhu. When Wu invaded Jing province, he defected to avoid a threatened punishment from Guan Yu.
Sun QianAnother officer of Tao Qian that Liu Bei inherited on Tao's death.
Ma DaiA cousin of Ma Chao, who served under him. He served in Zhuge Liang's Southern and Northern Campaigns, often playing crucial roles.
Liu FengLiu Bei's adopted son. Was forced to commit suicide after failing to supply Guan Yu with reinforcements on Meng Da's advice.
Liao HuaA bandit who quits banditry to serve Guan Yu. Briefly survived the fall of the Kingdom of Shu.
Jiang WeiAn officer of Wei who defected to Shu because of the machinations of Zhuge Liang. He would be the main support of Shu for most of the last quarter of the story.
Kingdom of Wei
Cao CaoMinister of Han. While young, a sage told him he was "a good subject in peaceful times; a crafty hero in a troubled land." This prediction was borne out: as the land became more and more divided, Cao amassed more and more power until even the Emperor was afraid of him.
Cao PiCao Cao's eldest son and heir. He was the one who took the step of usurping the Imperial Mandate from the Han Emperor. Well known for his poetry.
Cao RuiCao Pi's heir. He indulged in palaces and women after Zhuge Liang's death
Lady ZhenThe widow of Yuan Shao's son, Cao Pi was taken by her beauty and made her his wife. Later, she would be replaced by Lady Guo, who intrigued against her. She was forced to commit suicide.
Xiahou DunA general of Wei. One of Cao Cao's most loyal generals. Famous for eating his own eye after it was shot through with an arrow.
Xiahou YuanA general of Wei, and elder cousin of Dun. Was famous for his lightning quick attack, but was easily provoked into attacking which led to his downfall.
Dian WeiCao Cao's personal bodyguard. A man of great physical strength and loyalty to Cao Cao. He died holding a gate against Cao Cao's enemies.
Xu ZhuHead of Cao Cao's personal bodyguard, the Tiger Guards. A man of great size, both girth and height, and strength, but known for being gentle and simple off the battlefield. Also known as "Crazy Tiger" or "Marquis Tiger".
Zhang LiaoThe leader of the Five Generals of Wei. Originally served Lu Bu, but was spared at the request of Liu Bei and Guan Yu after Lu Bu's defeat and execution. After a devastating victory against Wu with an inferior force, he became used as a boogeyman by Wu mothers.
Xu HuangOne of the Five Generals of Wei. Was instrumental in the campaign against Guan Yu in Jing.
Zhang HeOne of the Five Generals of Wei. Frequently served as Sima Yi's front line commander, and was feared by Zhuge Liang.
Yu JinOne of the Five Generals of Wei. After a meritorious career, he was sent against Guan Yu, who captured him due to his obstinacy and jealousy of Pang De. He died of illness after being ridiculed by Cao Pi for being captured.
Yue JinOne of the Five Generals of Wei. Amongst other accomplishments, he was one of the three generals who held Hefei against Sun Quans large army.
Li DianThe third of the generals who held Hefei. Famously cautious, especially compared to many of the other generals mentioned here.
Pang DeFormer officer of Ma Chao and Zhang Lu. Marched against Guan Yu to prove his loyalty to Cao Cao, he was captured by Guan Yu owing to the jealousy of Yu Jin, and then executed.
Guo JiaAdvisor to Cao Cao, responsible for many of his early victories. He would die of illness in his thirties while on campaign, and Cao Cao would lament his absence at the Battle of Chi Bi.
Xun YuAdvisor to Cao Cao. He was highly favoured, often acting as Cao Cao's steward when he was away on campaigns. However, he opposed Cao's ascent to dukeship, and was forced to commit suicide.
Xu ShuAdvisor to Cao Cao. Originally served Liu Bei, but was intrigued against and came to Cao's court against his will. He promised to never make a plan for Cao.
Sima YiAdvisor to Cao Cao and his heirs. He would later plot to usurp power from the Cao family.
Kingdom of Wu
Sun JianPatriarch of the Sun family, who claims to be a descendant of Sun Zi. He is killed by an ambush.
Sun CeHeir of Sun Jian, who managed to set the foundations of what would become Wu. He would die young. Also called "The Little Prince", after crushing a captured officer to death under one arm while scaring another to death with a shout.
Sun QuanSun Ce's brother and heir. He took Wu to its largest boundaries, eventually declaring himself Emperor.
Lady WuSun Jian's wife, and mother of Ce, Quan, and Shangxiang. She was instrumental in Liu Bei's survival during his marriage to Lady Sun.
Lady SunSun Quan's younger sister, who would marry Liu Bei. Was something of a tomboy, who enjoyed arms and taught all of her serving maids swordplay.
Zhou YuAdvisor to the Sun family. He was especially close to Sun Ce, who was his blood brother. After Ce's death, he served Sun Quan capably, but was never able to keep up with the wiles of Zhuge Liang.
Lu SuStrategist of Wu, famous for his generosity. He is Zhou Yu's eventual successor as chief strategist of Wu.
Lu MengAn officer of Wu, who also took up scholarship after being criticized by Sun Quan. He was the successor of Lu Su as chief strategist of Wu. He was the mastermind of the campaign against Guan Yu in Jing.
Lu XunA scholar who was named Lu Meng's successor. Served in the campaign against Guan Yu in Jing, as well as masterminding the victory over Liu Bei at Yiling.
Gan NingA former pirate who joins Sun Quan after serving Sun Quan's rival, Liu Biao. During his previous service he killed Ling Tong's father, causing friction between the two.
Ling TongA general of Wu. His father was killed by Gan Ning, causing friction between the two. This is exacerbated by the fact that Gan Ning is a better commander than he is.
Zhou TaiAn officer of Wu, famous for the injuries he received defending Sun Quan.
Huang GaiAn officer of Wu. His false surrender allowed for the fire attack at Chibi. One of the few to have served under three rulers of Wu.
Taishi CiAn officer of Wu. He joined after having been defeated in Liu Yao's service.
Zhang JiaoA taoist mystic leading a rebellion against the Han Empire, kickstarting the end of the Dynasty.
Dong ZhuoA tyrant who attempts to take control of the Empire by deposing one emperor and ruling through that emperor's younger brother. A woman comes between him and his second-in-command, Lu Bu, and he is assassinated.
Li RunDong Zhuo's most trusted advisor. He is the one who kills the deposed Emperor Shao, his consort, and his mother. He is executed after Dong Zhuo's death.
Lu BuThe mightiest warrior in all of China. After serving Ding Yuan and Dong Zhuo (and assassinating both), he becomes a powerful warlord in his own right. He is eventually defeated by Cao Cao and executed.
Diao ChanA singing girl who is roped into bringing down Dong Zhuo by her adopted father by playing him and Lu Bu against each other.
Chen GongA strategist who followed Cao Cao until he became disgusted by his immoral behaviour, then joined up with Lu Bu in order to oppose him. When Lu Bu is defeated, Cao Cao offers him a chance to repent, but he refuses and is executed. Cao Cao was so moved that he provided for Chen Gong's family thereafter.
Chen DengAnother strategist for Lu Bu who, along with his father, acted as a fifth column in favour of Liu Bei and Cao Cao. They were both highly rewarded after Lu Bu was defeated.
Yuan ShuA warlord vying for power and brother of Yuan Shao. He declares himself Emperor when Sun Ce trades him the Imperial Seal for troops.
Yuan ShaoThe most powerful warlord in the north. His arrogance eventually leads to his downfall at Guan Du.
Liu ZhangThe governor of Yizhou. He was considered an incompetent by some of his own officers, who wanted Liu Bei to replace him. The rest served him loyally until his defeat, whereupon most of the survivors joined Liu Bei.
Meng HuoA barbarian king, he attempts to rebel against the rule of Shu only to be beaten seven times by Zhuge Liang. After the seventh time, he repents and swears loyalty to Shu.
Lady ZhurongMeng Huo's wife who claimed to be a descendant from the goddess of fire. She is the only woman in the book to actually fight.
Gongsun YuanThe ruler of Liaodong who rebels against Cao Rui. He was defeated by Sima Yi.