History Usefulnotes / Americanfootball

24th Jan '16 5:57:19 PM KYCubbie
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* "Power Five" or "Big Five" — The richest and most competitive leagues—the Atlantic Coast Conference (ACC), Big Ten, Big 12, Pacific-12 (Pac-12), and Southeastern Conference (SEC). The University of Notre Dame is also counted among the "Power Five". [[note]]Although it is not a member of any football conference, it is an ACC member in other sports, and has an agreement to play five of its 12 regular-season games against other ACC schools.[[/note]] These conferences receive automatic spots in the so-called "New Year's Six", the top tier of bowl games that includes the two semifinal games of the College Football Playoff (CFP) that began in 2014. Notre Dame does not have an automatic spot in any "New Year's Six" game, but does get special consideration (namely, when it doesn't make a semifinal, it's part of the shortlist for one of the other three or four games, depending on the season).
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* "Power Five" or "Big Five" — The richest and most competitive leagues—the Atlantic Coast Conference (ACC), Big Ten, Big 12, Pacific-12 (Pac-12), Pac-12 ([[InsistentTerminology not "Pacific-12"]]), and Southeastern Conference (SEC). The University of Notre Dame is also counted among the "Power Five". [[note]]Although it is not a member of any football conference, it is an ACC member in other sports, and has an agreement to play five of its 12 regular-season games against other ACC schools.[[/note]] These conferences receive automatic spots in the so-called "New Year's Six", the top tier of bowl games that includes the two semifinal games of the College Football Playoff (CFP) that began in 2014. Notre Dame does not have an automatic spot in any "New Year's Six" game, but does get special consideration (namely, when it doesn't make a semifinal, it's part of the shortlist for one of the other three or four games, depending on the season).

** '''P'''oint '''A'''fter '''T'''ouchdown, or PAT: Attempt a placekick or dropkick[[note]]dropping the ball to the ground and kicking it after it has touched the ground, but don't be surprised if you've never seen a dropkick PAT attempted; the technique fell into disuse decades ago[[/note]] through the upright goal at the back of the end zone for one extra point. As such, it's often simply called "the extra point". The defense will attempt to block the PAT kick, but it is extremely difficult to do so. It is also possible for the kicker to miss the PAT, but due to the very short range required, this is likewise infrequent. Teams will opt for a PAT kick the vast majority of the time, thus a "touchdown" usually entails scoring 7 points total. Over the years, the PAT has become such a matter of routine that attempts have been made on the organizational level to increase the difficulty. Starting with the 2015 season, kick attempts in the NFL will be taken from the 15 yard line, making blocks more likely. Additionally, blocked attempts will now be live balls, allowing more scoring possibilities. See below. ** ''Two-point conversion'': Make a single offensive play 3 yards away (2 yards in NFL) from the end zone. Reaching the end zone gives another two points (for a total of 8). In the event of a turnover, the play ends in high school football, except in Massachusetts and Texas, where the base rule set is that of the NCAA (college). In college, and since the 2015 season the NFL as well, the defender can score two points for his team if he carries it ALL the way back to the other end zone. Very rare—it requires a fumble or an interception followed by a roughly 100-yard dash, carrying the ball with 11 angry men in pursuit. Although some teams have very high two-point conversion success rates, the general success rate is 40-55%, compared to the PAT's success rate of 98-99%. As a result, teams rarely try for a two-point conversion, unless they are coming back from a large deficit, they can gain some strategic advantage late in the game, or they [[WhoNeedsOvertime want to go for a win in regulation]]. At the high school level and below, the two-point conversion is more common, because some teams simply don't have anybody who can kick with even marginal accuracy. It's basically unheard of for any college team, and completely unheard of for any professional team, to lack a kicker who can reliably kick the PAT. With blocked PAT attempts now being live in the NFL, it's possible for a fouled up kick attempt to be turned into a 2-point conversion if the blocked ball is recovered by the kicking team, or run back for by the defense for 2 points like a turnover.
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** '''P'''oint '''A'''fter '''T'''ouchdown, or PAT: Attempt a placekick or dropkick[[note]]dropping the ball to the ground and kicking it after it has touched the ground, but don't be surprised if you've never seen a dropkick PAT attempted; the technique fell into disuse decades ago[[/note]] through the upright goal at the back of the end zone for one extra point. As such, it's often simply called "the extra point". The defense will attempt to block the PAT kick, but it is extremely difficult to do so. It is also possible for the kicker to miss the PAT, but due to the very short range required, this is likewise infrequent. Teams will opt for a PAT kick the vast majority of the time, thus a "touchdown" usually entails scoring 7 points total. Over the years, the PAT has become such a matter of routine that attempts have been made on the organizational level to increase the difficulty. Starting with In 2015, the 2015 season, NFL moved the line of scrimmage for kick attempts in to the NFL will be taken from the 15 yard line, 15-yard line (among other things, making blocks more likely. likely), and in the first season of the change, the league's success rate dropped from over 99% to a hair over 94%. That may not sound like a big change—but the last time the success rate on PAT kicks was this low was in ''1982''. Additionally, blocked attempts will are now be live balls, allowing more scoring possibilities. See below. ** ''Two-point conversion'': Make a single offensive play 3 yards away (2 yards in NFL) from the end zone. Reaching the end zone gives another two points (for a total of 8). In the event of a turnover, the play ends in high school football, except in Massachusetts and Texas, where the base rule set is that of the NCAA (college). In college, and since the 2015 season the NFL as well, the defender can score two points for his team if he carries it ALL the way back to the other end zone. Very rare—it requires a fumble or an interception followed by a roughly 100-yard dash, carrying the ball with 11 angry men in pursuit. Although some teams have very high two-point conversion success rates, the general success rate is 40-55%, compared to the PAT's success rate of 98-99%.98-99% in college and 95% in the NFL. As a result, teams rarely try for a two-point conversion, unless they are coming back from a large deficit, they can gain some strategic advantage late in the game, or they [[WhoNeedsOvertime want to go for a win in regulation]]. At the high school level and below, the two-point conversion is more common, because some teams simply don't have anybody who can kick with even marginal accuracy. It's basically unheard of for any college team, and completely unheard of for any professional team, to lack a kicker who can reliably kick the PAT. With blocked PAT attempts now being live in the NFL, it's possible for a fouled up kick attempt to be turned into a 2-point conversion if the blocked ball is recovered by the kicking team, or run back for by the defense for 2 points like a turnover.

** Although exceedingly rare, it is also possible to score a field goal during any play by dropkick as well. Due to football's rules of possession, however, it is generally tactically unsound to use this technique. Additionally, the shape of the ball itself makes this much more difficult than in rugby where the drop kick rules originated.
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** Although exceedingly rare, it is also possible to score a field goal during any play by dropkick as well. Due to football's rules of possession, however, it is generally tactically unsound to use this technique. Additionally, the shape of the ball itself makes this much more difficult than in rugby where the drop kick rules originated. There has been only one successful drop kick in the NFL since World War II—longtime CFL and NFL quarterback Doug Flutie successfully drop-kicked a conversion in his final NFL game in 2006.

** Then there's the [[http://quirkyresearch.blogspot.com/2006/08/one-point-safety.html extremely strange one-point safety]]. This is possible if a team tries for a two point conversion, drops the ball and the defending team knocks the ball out of the end zone (presumably to prevent the offense from picking up the ball in the end-zone for two points). It's also possible if the defending team blocks a PAT, recovers it, and then either fumbles through the end zone or gets tackled after backing up into it. This has happened twice in Division 1 play, the most recent time (the 2013 Fiesta Bowl) resulting in the referee beginning his announcement of the result with "On the previous play, we have an unusual ruling," correctly judging that he was one of the few people familiar with the rule. This became possible in the NFL only in 2015. It is also now theoretically possible for a the kicking team to give up a safety for one point as well, but such a play would require an extremely unlikely set of circumstances, such as a blocked PAT being recovered by the defense, run back to near the opposing endzone, only for a fumble to happen, then be recovered by the kicking team, only for the kicking team player to be tackled in their own endzone. This is the only way (except for a forfeit) for a team to have a total score of 1 point, as all other plays worth one point award the point to a team that has already scored a touchdown.
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** Then there's the [[http://quirkyresearch.blogspot.com/2006/08/one-point-safety.html extremely strange one-point safety]]. This is possible if a team tries for a two point conversion, drops the ball and the defending team knocks the ball out of the end zone (presumably to prevent the offense from picking up the ball in the end-zone for two points). It's also possible if the defending team blocks a PAT, recovers it, and then either fumbles through the end zone or gets tackled after backing up into it. This has happened twice in Division 1 I play, the most recent time (the 2013 Fiesta Bowl) resulting in the referee beginning his announcement of the result with "On the previous play, we have an unusual ruling," correctly judging that he was one of the few people familiar with the rule. This became possible in the NFL only in 2015. It is also now theoretically possible for a the kicking team to give up a safety for one point as well, but such a play would require an extremely unlikely set of circumstances, such as a blocked PAT being recovered by the defense, run back to near the opposing endzone, only for a fumble to happen, then be recovered by the kicking team, only for the kicking team player to be tackled in their own endzone. This is the only way (except for a forfeit) for a team to have a total score of 1 point, as all other plays worth one point award the point to a team that has already scored a touchdown.

* ''Quarterback'': This player will touch the ball on nearly every offensive play. The role of the quarterback is to hand off the ball to an eligible receiver or pass the ball. Occasionally, the quarterback will run with the ball himself; some offensive systems use quarterback runs more than others. The mobile quarterback has become more prevalent in the [=NFL=] in recent years, but has been a staple of the high school and college game for decades. At the beginning of the play, the quarterback stands either directly under (behind) the center (a ''quarter'' of the way back from the offensive line, relative to the rest of the formation, hence the name quarterback), or seven yards behind the center. The latter formation is called "shotgun." A variation of the shotgun formation where the quarterback lines up 4 yards from the center and a running back is directly behind him is called the "pistol." As a result of nearly always being the preeminent decision-making player on a team's offense (the recent "Wildcat" formation notwithstanding), a quarterback is usually considered TheAce in the popular consciousness, and [="QBs"=] generally receive an out-sized portion of attention from the media and fans. This is good news for the quarterback when the team is winning. It is bad news when the team is not. The all-time leading passer in NFL history is Brett Favre. He played for the Atlanta Falcons, Green Bay Packers, New York Jets, and Minnesota Vikings.
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* ''Quarterback'': This player will touch the ball on nearly every offensive play. The role of the quarterback is to hand off the ball to an eligible receiver or pass the ball. Occasionally, the quarterback will run with the ball himself; some offensive systems use quarterback runs more than others. The mobile quarterback has become more prevalent in the [=NFL=] in recent years, but has been a staple of the high school and college game for decades. At the beginning of the play, the quarterback stands either directly under (behind) the center (a ''quarter'' of the way back from the offensive line, relative to the rest of the formation, hence the name quarterback), or seven yards behind the center. The latter formation is called "shotgun." A variation of the shotgun formation where the quarterback lines up 4 yards from the center and a running back is directly behind him is called the "pistol." As a result of nearly always being the preeminent decision-making player on a team's offense (the recent "Wildcat" formation notwithstanding), a quarterback is usually considered TheAce in the popular consciousness, and [="QBs"=] generally receive an out-sized portion of attention from the media and fans. This is good news for the quarterback when the team is winning. It is bad news when the team is not. The all-time leading passer in NFL history is Brett Favre. Creator/PeytonManning. He played most of his career with the Indianapolis Colts and now plays for the Atlanta Falcons, Green Bay Packers, New York Jets, and Minnesota Vikings.Denver Broncos.
19th Jan '16 1:14:37 PM Willbyr
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* {{Eyeshield21}}, with some backing from the NFL.
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* {{Eyeshield21}}, ''Manga/{{Eyeshield 21}}'', with some backing from the NFL.
18th Jan '16 5:13:50 PM MoPete
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* ''Tecmo Bowl'' was the first truly successful football video game. Because of a licensing snafu, it featured real players on BrandX teams. Tecmo Bo Jackson is considered the greatest athlete in video game history. Tecmo later obtained an NFL license and created the also successful Tecmo Super Bowl, which still retains a cult following for its easy and fun (if somewhat unrealistic) gameplay. There's a video series that amusingly follows Madden NFL's lead in simulating games to predict winners, starting with an explanation that both coaches completely dropped their full line-ups in favor of the now-retired players that were featured in Tecmo Bowl, and stright-laced announcing of impossible plays such as Jeff George's "Wonder Pass". Even to this day, there are hacking groups that mod Tecmo Super Bowl ROMs to include updated rosters, updated team graphics and expansion teams, and even managed to change the divisions to the way they are today (Tecmo Super Bowl was released back when the AFC and the NFC had East, Central, and West divisions. Modded versions of the game now include the North, East, South, and West Divisions for each conference.)
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* ''Tecmo Bowl'' was the first truly successful football video game. Because of a licensing snafu, it featured real players on BrandX teams. Tecmo Bo Jackson is considered the greatest athlete in video game history. Tecmo later obtained an NFL license and created the also successful Tecmo Super Bowl, which still retains a cult following for its easy and fun (if somewhat unrealistic) gameplay. There's a video series that amusingly follows Madden NFL's lead in simulating games to predict winners, starting with an explanation that both coaches completely dropped their full line-ups in favor of the now-retired players that were featured in Tecmo Bowl, and stright-laced announcing of impossible plays such as Jeff George's "Wonder Pass". Even to this day, there are hacking groups that mod Tecmo Super Bowl ROMs [=ROMs=] to include updated rosters, updated team graphics and expansion teams, and even managed to change the divisions to the way they are today (Tecmo Super Bowl was released back when the AFC and the NFC had East, Central, and West divisions. Modded versions of the game now include the North, East, South, and West Divisions for each conference.)
18th Jan '16 5:08:58 PM MoPete
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* ''Tecmo Bowl'' was the first truly successful football video game. Because of a licensing snafu, it featured real players on BrandX teams. Tecmo Bo Jackson is considered the greatest athlete in video game history. Tecmo later obtained an NFL license and created the also successful Tecmo Super Bowl, which still retains a cult following for its easy and fun (if somewhat unrealistic) gameplay. There's a video series that amusingly follows Madden NFL's lead in simulating games to predict winners, starting with an explanation that both coaches completely dropped their full line-ups in favor of the now-retired players that were featured in Tecmo Bowl, and stright-laced announcing of impossible plays such as Jeff George's "Wonder Pass".
to:
* ''Tecmo Bowl'' was the first truly successful football video game. Because of a licensing snafu, it featured real players on BrandX teams. Tecmo Bo Jackson is considered the greatest athlete in video game history. Tecmo later obtained an NFL license and created the also successful Tecmo Super Bowl, which still retains a cult following for its easy and fun (if somewhat unrealistic) gameplay. There's a video series that amusingly follows Madden NFL's lead in simulating games to predict winners, starting with an explanation that both coaches completely dropped their full line-ups in favor of the now-retired players that were featured in Tecmo Bowl, and stright-laced announcing of impossible plays such as Jeff George's "Wonder Pass". Even to this day, there are hacking groups that mod Tecmo Super Bowl ROMs to include updated rosters, updated team graphics and expansion teams, and even managed to change the divisions to the way they are today (Tecmo Super Bowl was released back when the AFC and the NFC had East, Central, and West divisions. Modded versions of the game now include the North, East, South, and West Divisions for each conference.)
15th Jan '16 3:49:51 AM Anddrix
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* ''The Program'': 1993 movie that dramatized college football similarly to ''Any Given Sunday'', though ''The Program'' was much more well received. Also famous for having a scene in which several characters walk into traffic and lay down in the middle of a busy street to prove their bravery. This scene was cut from all post-theatrical versions of the film because [[ViewersAreMorons some kids tried to imitate it]] with [[DontTryThisAtHome predictable results]].
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* ''The Program'': 1993 movie that dramatized college football similarly to ''Any Given Sunday'', though ''The Program'' was much more well received. Also famous for having a scene in which several characters walk into traffic and lay down in the middle of a busy street to prove their bravery. This scene was cut from all post-theatrical versions of the film because [[ViewersAreMorons some kids tried to imitate it]] it with [[DontTryThisAtHome predictable results]].
10th Jan '16 4:56:56 PM phoenix
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* ''Penalties'': Officials carry weighted yellow flags and throw them onto the field to indicate that a violation of the rules occurred during the preceding play. The violating team will then be penalized by moving the line of scrimmage 5-15 yards towards their goal for the following play. Some offensive penalties will also carry a loss of down, as opposed to a replay of the current down. Some defensive penalties also carry an automatic first down for the offense; that is, the offense is awarded a new down series from the reset line of scrimmage, no matter whether the penalized yards would move the line of scrimmage beyond the line to gain. Some penalties are "spot fouls", meaning that they're assessed as a distance from the spot of the foul instead of from the line of scrimmage, making them particularly devastating to the offending team. Technical fouls usually carry 5- or 10- yard penalties, while personal fouls always carry 15-yard penalties (and an automatic first down for defensive personal fouls). Particularly egregious fouls result in ejection (unlike in [[TheBeautifulGame the other football]], the player can be replaced); this is almost always followed by a hefty fine, and sometimes suspension for a period of time (with corresponding loss of salary). Note that most penalties are imposed in place of the results of the live play, so the team receiving the penalty has the option to decline the penalty in favor of the result. This is intended to prevent intentional penalties that would negate plays with large yardage swings. Personal Fouls, however, always add yardage to the end of the play. As well, certain situations (such as a penalty committed during a PAT) allow the offended team to assess the penalty in any number of additional ways (for example, during the ensuing kickoff rather than on the PAT). There are also 'dead-ball' fouls, pre-snap procedural penalties that always negate the following play. Offsetting penalties always negate each other, no matter if there is a difference of degree. To avoid deliberate penalties near the end of games (trading yards for clock stoppages), offensive penalties in the last minute of a half include a clock runoff. These flags used to be weighted with [=BBs=], but the practice ceased when a referee accidentally threw a flag into the face of a lineman, nearly blinding the player in one eye.
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* ''Penalties'': Officials carry weighted yellow flags and throw them onto the field to indicate that a violation of the rules occurred during the preceding play. The violating team will then be penalized by moving the line of scrimmage 5-15 yards towards their goal for the following play. Some offensive penalties will also carry a loss of down, as opposed to a replay of the current down. Some defensive penalties also carry an automatic first down for the offense; that is, the offense is awarded a new down series from the reset line of scrimmage, no matter whether the penalized yards would move the line of scrimmage beyond the line to gain. Some penalties are "spot fouls", meaning that they're assessed as a distance from the spot of the foul instead of from the line of scrimmage, making them particularly devastating to the offending team. Technical fouls usually carry 5- or 10- yard penalties, while personal fouls always carry 15-yard penalties (and an automatic first down for defensive personal fouls). Particularly egregious fouls result in ejection (unlike in [[TheBeautifulGame [[UsefulNotes/AssociationFootball the other football]], the player can be replaced); this is almost always followed by a hefty fine, and sometimes suspension for a period of time (with corresponding loss of salary). Note that most penalties are imposed in place of the results of the live play, so the team receiving the penalty has the option to decline the penalty in favor of the result. This is intended to prevent intentional penalties that would negate plays with large yardage swings. Personal Fouls, however, always add yardage to the end of the play. As well, certain situations (such as a penalty committed during a PAT) allow the offended team to assess the penalty in any number of additional ways (for example, during the ensuing kickoff rather than on the PAT). There are also 'dead-ball' fouls, pre-snap procedural penalties that always negate the following play. Offsetting penalties always negate each other, no matter if there is a difference of degree. To avoid deliberate penalties near the end of games (trading yards for clock stoppages), offensive penalties in the last minute of a half include a clock runoff. These flags used to be weighted with [=BBs=], but the practice ceased when a referee accidentally threw a flag into the face of a lineman, nearly blinding the player in one eye.

Major American leagues have also held some regular season games outside of the United States. On October 2, 2005, the Arizona Cardinals and San Francisco 49ers played the first regular season NFL game outside of the United States, in Mexico City's Estadio Azteca, From 2007, the NFL has played or has plans to play at least one regular season game outside of the United States, with London being the typical location. The NCAA will also play games outside of the U.S. In 2012, the United States Naval Academy played the University of Notre Dame in Dublin, Ireland. In 2014, Dublin again hosted the sport, though at a different stadium,[[note]]The 2012 game was held at Aviva Stadium, home to the Republic of Ireland [[TheBeautifulGame soccer]] team and the Ireland [[RugbyUnion rugby]] team. The 2014 game was at Croke Park, home to the Gaelic Athletic Association.[[/note]] when Penn State and UCF (Central Florida) played, and the Bahamas began hosting a postseason bowl game.
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Major American leagues have also held some regular season games outside of the United States. On October 2, 2005, the Arizona Cardinals and San Francisco 49ers played the first regular season NFL game outside of the United States, in Mexico City's Estadio Azteca, From 2007, the NFL has played or has plans to play at least one regular season game outside of the United States, with London being the typical location. The NCAA will also play games outside of the U.S. In 2012, the United States Naval Academy played the University of Notre Dame in Dublin, Ireland. In 2014, Dublin again hosted the sport, though at a different stadium,[[note]]The 2012 game was held at Aviva Stadium, home to the Republic of Ireland [[TheBeautifulGame [[UsefulNotes/AssociationFootball soccer]] team and the Ireland [[RugbyUnion rugby]] team. The 2014 game was at Croke Park, home to the Gaelic Athletic Association.[[/note]] when Penn State and UCF (Central Florida) played, and the Bahamas began hosting a postseason bowl game.
9th Jan '16 4:41:20 PM MoPete
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Added DiffLines:
* One challenger to ''Madden NFL'''s dominance was [[TakeTwoInteractive 2K Games']] ''NFL 2K'' series. It disappeared after EA obtained the exclusive rights to the NFL Franchise for making video games, and has only made one last appearance with All-Pro Football 2K8, which used fictional teams and former/retired players.
17th Nov '15 8:34:52 AM Faar
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* ''Draft Day'' starred Kevin Costner as the general manager of the Cleveland Browns during the NFL Draft. Notable for the NFL allowing the film to shoot footage during the 2013 NFL Draft.
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* ''Draft Day'' ''Film/DraftDay'' starred Kevin Costner as the general manager of the Cleveland Browns during the NFL Draft. Notable for the NFL allowing the film to shoot footage during the 2013 NFL Draft.
6th Nov '15 4:35:36 PM nombretomado
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In terms of TV, a football game equals guaranteed high {{ratings}}. Any professional football game is almost guaranteed to be the most-watched program of the day, and the SuperBowl almost always is the most-watched program of the ''year''. Several Super Bowls are among the highest-rated programs of all time, and Super Bowl XLIV unseated the series finale of ''Series/{{Mash}}'' as the most-watched program in American history.[[note]]...and was itself unseated by Super Bowl XLV the following year.[[/note]]
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In terms of TV, a football game equals guaranteed high {{ratings}}.UsefulNotes/{{ratings}}. Any professional football game is almost guaranteed to be the most-watched program of the day, and the SuperBowl almost always is the most-watched program of the ''year''. Several Super Bowls are among the highest-rated programs of all time, and Super Bowl XLIV unseated the series finale of ''Series/{{Mash}}'' as the most-watched program in American history.[[note]]...and was itself unseated by Super Bowl XLV the following year.[[/note]]
29th Oct '15 5:52:29 PM LTR
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** '''P'''oint '''A'''fter '''T'''ouchdown, or PAT: Attempt a placekick or dropkick[[note]]dropping the ball to the ground and kicking it after it has touched the ground, but don't be surprised if you've never seen a dropkick PAT attempted; the technique fell into disuse decades ago[[/note]] through the upright goal at the back of the end zone for one extra point. As such, it's often simply called "the extra point". The defense will attempt to block the PAT kick, but it is extremely difficult to do so. It is also possible for the kicker to miss the PAT, but due to the very short range required, this is likewise infrequent. Teams will opt for a PAT kick the vast majority of the time, thus a "touchdown" usually entails scoring 7 points total. Starting with the 2015 season, kick attempts in the NFL will be taken from the 15 yard line, making blocks more likely. And blocked attempts will now be live balls, allowing additional scoring possibilities. See below.
to:
** '''P'''oint '''A'''fter '''T'''ouchdown, or PAT: Attempt a placekick or dropkick[[note]]dropping the ball to the ground and kicking it after it has touched the ground, but don't be surprised if you've never seen a dropkick PAT attempted; the technique fell into disuse decades ago[[/note]] through the upright goal at the back of the end zone for one extra point. As such, it's often simply called "the extra point". The defense will attempt to block the PAT kick, but it is extremely difficult to do so. It is also possible for the kicker to miss the PAT, but due to the very short range required, this is likewise infrequent. Teams will opt for a PAT kick the vast majority of the time, thus a "touchdown" usually entails scoring 7 points total. Over the years, the PAT has become such a matter of routine that attempts have been made on the organizational level to increase the difficulty. Starting with the 2015 season, kick attempts in the NFL will be taken from the 15 yard line, making blocks more likely. And Additionally, blocked attempts will now be live balls, allowing additional more scoring possibilities. See below.
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