History UsefulNotes / TheApartheidEra

2nd Jul '17 4:14:22 PM AgProv
Is there an issue? Send a Message


During the Apartheid era, South Africa was the most visible nation in the modern world to have an official policy of "scientific racism" -- the idea that certain races were scientifically, objectively, better than others (or were at least distinct enough to deserve protection). As an anthropological theory, it was mostly discredited after UsefulNotes/WorldWarII, when millions died as a result of such theories. But South Africa did this to "protect" its white citizens, who made up only 15 to 20% of the population.

to:

During the Apartheid era, South Africa was the most visible nation in the modern world to have an official policy of "scientific racism" -- the idea that certain races were scientifically, objectively, better than others (or were at least distinct enough to deserve protection). [[note]] Neighbouring UsefulNotes/{{Zimbabwe}}, when it was called Rhodesia, also applied apartheid - in such a heavy-handed and repressive way that even South Africa pleaded with them to tone it down a bit, as it was giving both countries a bad name[[/note]] As an anthropological theory, it was mostly discredited after UsefulNotes/WorldWarII, when millions died as a result of such theories. But South Africa did this to "protect" its white citizens, who made up only 15 to 20% of the population.
9th Mar '17 9:49:49 PM Fireblood
Is there an issue? Send a Message


The conspiracy didn't go anywhere, but it did open up the door for the formation of the National Party, who in 1948 defeated the more moderate government of Jan Smuts (who argued for the eventual dismantling of segregation). D.F. Malan became the new leader, and the Apartheid policy was formally instated.

to:

The conspiracy didn't go anywhere, but it did open up the door for the formation of the National Party, who in 1948 defeated the more moderate government of Jan Smuts (who argued for the eventual dismantling of segregation). D.F. Malan became the new leader, and the Apartheid policy was formally instated.
instated and greatly expanded.



Segregation was strictly enforced, even more so than in the U.S. at the time. Non-whites were formally prohibited from white areas, which could range from public facilities, to beaches, to neighborhoods, to effectively whole cities. Most jobs were completely closed to non-whites. Inter-racial relationships were strictly forbidden; although "coloured" was an officially-recognised "race", it consisted heavily of people whose mere ''existence'' was illegal (though a great share of "coloureds" were descended from mixing at an earlier point in history).

to:

Segregation was strictly enforced, even more so than in the U.S. at the time. Non-whites were formally prohibited from white areas, which could range from public facilities, to beaches, to neighborhoods, to effectively whole cities. Most jobs were completely closed to non-whites. Inter-racial relationships were strictly forbidden; although "coloured" was an officially-recognised officially-recognized "race", it consisted heavily of people whose mere ''existence'' was illegal (though a great share of "coloureds" were descended from mixing at an earlier point in history).



Less 'legally', Hundreds of people were tortured in jail or killed with such explanations as [[CutHimselfShaving "fell down some stairs"]]. Public inquests would routinely back such findings, even over [[TheCoronerDothProtestTooMuch obvious evidence to the contrary]]. Security and intelligence services committed several outright assassinations, both in South Africa and abroad; their preferred method was [[YouGotMurder the letter bomb]], colloquially known as the "care package" (because [[{{Pun}} they take care of you]]). Prominent exiled dissident Ruth First was murdered in this manner.

to:

Less 'legally', Hundreds hundreds of people were tortured in jail or killed with such explanations as [[CutHimselfShaving "fell down some stairs"]]. Public inquests would routinely back such findings, even over [[TheCoronerDothProtestTooMuch obvious evidence to the contrary]]. Security and intelligence services committed several outright assassinations, both in South Africa and abroad; their preferred method was [[YouGotMurder the letter bomb]], colloquially known as the "care package" (because [[{{Pun}} they take care of you]]). Prominent exiled dissident Ruth First was murdered in this manner.



The Apartheid era coincided with [[UsefulNotes/HistoryOfTheColdWar the Cold War]]. As was common in authoritarian colonial states, the largest and best-organized opposition group -- in this case the African National Congress, or ANC -- was very leftist and openly allied with the [[DirtyCommies Communists]]. The white South Africans responded by being so vehemently anti-Communist that they attracted some support from the West, including the U.S., the U.K., and Israel. Israel and South Africa are even alleged to have collaborated on [[UsefulNotes/TheRestOfTheNuclearClub nuclear technology]]. Meanwhile, the Soviet Union was doing what it could to support the insurgents.

When Apartheid began, South Africa was surrounded largely by other colonial governments that were similarly racist (in Angola, Rhodesia, and Mozambique). That started to change in the 1960s and 1970s, as the black majority in those countries -- again, largely communist groups -- overthrew the European colonial powers and established independence. South-West Africa also won an independence war from South Africa and split to form Namibia. South Africa saw itself surrounded by increasingly hostile nations.

to:

The Apartheid era coincided with [[UsefulNotes/HistoryOfTheColdWar the Cold War]]. As was common in authoritarian colonial states, the largest and best-organized opposition group -- in this case the African National Congress, or ANC -- was very leftist and openly allied with the [[DirtyCommies Communists]]. communists]]. The white South Africans responded by being so vehemently anti-Communist anti-communist that they attracted some support from the West, including the U.S., the U.K., and Israel. Israel and South Africa are even alleged to have collaborated on [[UsefulNotes/TheRestOfTheNuclearClub nuclear technology]]. Meanwhile, the Soviet Union was doing what it could to support the insurgents.

When Apartheid began, South Africa was surrounded largely by other colonial governments that were similarly racist (in Angola, Rhodesia, and Mozambique). That started to change in the 1960s and 1970s, as the black majority in those countries -- again, led by largely communist groups -- overthrew the European colonial powers and established independence. South-West Africa also won an independence war from South Africa and split to form Namibia. South Africa saw itself surrounded by increasingly hostile nations.



And although South Africa was nominally on the Allied side during UsefulNotes/WorldWarII, there was a strong [[ThoseWackyNazis Nazi sympathy]] strain among Afrikaaners. That carried over into the Apartheid era, which led to the formation in the early 1970s of the [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Afrikaner_Weerstandsbeweging Afrikaner Weerstandsbeweging, or AWB]] (literally "Afrikaner Resistance Movement"). They frequently clashed with the Apartheid government itself, thinking it was too soft.

to:

And although Although South Africa was nominally on the Allied side during UsefulNotes/WorldWarII, there was a strong [[ThoseWackyNazis Nazi sympathy]] strain among Afrikaaners.Afrikaners. That carried over into the Apartheid era, which led to the formation in the early 1970s of the [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Afrikaner_Weerstandsbeweging Afrikaner Weerstandsbeweging, or AWB]] (literally "Afrikaner Resistance Movement"). They frequently clashed with the Apartheid government itself, thinking it was too soft.



South Africa already suffered from a serious shortage of skilled labour. Most of its black population was not allowed to hold desk jobs, and many of them were illiterate anyway. The country's insularity made it hostile to immigrants, and many people -- black and white alike -- were too disgusted with the country to want to move there.

Foreign investment in South Africa was decidedly lacklustre. This wasn't so much because the {{Mega Corp}}s had any particular moral qualms with the regime, but more that the country looked increasingly dangerous and unstable as its neighbors turned to chaos and South Africa seemed ready to follow suit. Governments were also putting pressure on companies not to invest in South Africa; in the U.S., this was a big reason for the enactment of the Foreign Corrupt Practices Act. South Africa was so desperate for investment that they gave "honorary white" status to East Asians, trying to entice Japanese and Taiwanese companies to invest.

The boycott was also cultural. South Africa was already notoriously strict on this front -- television was considered [[MoralGuardians morally corrupting]] and didn't arrive there until ''1975''. They also weren't very kind to people who went to the country to film there. If you did get to perform there as a musician, it was likely at the infamous Sun City resort (which was in a Bantustan, as South Africa itself banned gambling for being morally corrupting as well); many other musicians detested the regime and wrote numerous {{protest song}}s. They even criticized Music/PaulSimon for recording ''Graceland'' in the country -- with only black musicians. The British actor's union Equity actually went so far as to ban the sale of any programmes filming there featuring their members - in effect, pretty much the entirety of UK television, with only ''Series/TheSweeney'' making it down there.

to:

South Africa already suffered from a serious shortage of skilled labour.labor. Most of its black population was not allowed to hold desk jobs, and many of them were illiterate anyway. The country's insularity made it hostile to immigrants, and many people -- black and white alike -- were too disgusted with the country to want to move there.

Foreign investment in South Africa was decidedly lacklustre.lackluster. This wasn't so much because the {{Mega Corp}}s had any particular moral qualms with the regime, but more that the country looked increasingly dangerous and unstable as its neighbors turned to chaos and South Africa seemed ready to follow suit. Governments were also putting pressure on companies not to invest in South Africa; in the U.S., this was a big reason for the enactment of the Foreign Corrupt Practices Act. South Africa was so desperate for investment that they gave "honorary white" status to East Asians, trying to entice Japanese and Taiwanese companies to invest.

The boycott was also cultural. South Africa was already notoriously strict on this front -- television was considered [[MoralGuardians morally corrupting]] and didn't arrive there until ''1975''. They also weren't very kind to people who went to the country to film there. If you did get to perform there as a musician, it was likely at the infamous Sun City resort (which was in a Bantustan, as South Africa itself banned gambling for being morally corrupting as well); many other musicians detested the regime and wrote numerous {{protest song}}s. They even criticized Music/PaulSimon for recording ''Graceland'' in the country -- with only black musicians. The British actor's union Equity actually went so far as to ban the sale of any programmes programs filming there featuring their members - in effect, pretty much the entirety of UK television, with only ''Series/TheSweeney'' making it down there.



In 1994, ANC leader Nelson Mandela was elected South Africa's first black president. This election is considered the turning point for the country and the formal end of Apartheid; its anniversary, April 27, is now a national holiday in South Africa. But Mandela was determined to ensure a peaceful transition, and he allowed de Klerk to stay on as vice president until his retirement in 1996. Mandela and de Klerk were jointly awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1993 for their efforts.

to:

In 1994, ANC leader Nelson Mandela was elected South Africa's first black president. This election is considered the turning point for the country and the formal end of Apartheid; its anniversary, April 27, is now a national holiday in South Africa. But Violence occurred before and after this (partly provoked by the security forces to hinder things) between rival political parties. Mandela was determined to ensure a peaceful transition, transition though, and he allowed de De Klerk to stay on as vice president until his retirement in 1996. Mandela and de De Klerk were jointly awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1993 for their efforts.



They also strove to reform its then-current standing military, which was for years the enforcer of the Apartheid regime. Most soldiers resented being commanded by the Soviet-trained officers they had previously been fighting. Many of them became mercenaries (well, [[InsistentTerminology military contractors]]), either fighting in NATO-aligned mercenary groups in places like Iraq and Afghanistan, or becoming "private security" forces. As this generation ages, though, the "racist South African mercenary" trope is likely to die out.



to:

They also strove to reform its then-current standing military, which was for years the enforcer of the Apartheid regime. Most of the white soldiers resented being commanded by the Soviet-trained officers they had previously been fighting. Many of them became mercenaries (well, [[InsistentTerminology military contractors]]), either fighting in NATO-aligned mercenary groups in places like Iraq and Afghanistan, or becoming "private security" forces. As this generation ages, though, the "racist white South African mercenary" trope is likely to die out.





* The Creator/TomSharpe novels ''Literature/RiotousAssembly'' and ''Literature/IndecentExposure'', are satires of the regime. Sharpe spent 10 years in the country until thrown out in 1961.

to:

* The Creator/TomSharpe novels ''Literature/RiotousAssembly'' and ''Literature/IndecentExposure'', are satires of the regime. Sharpe spent 10 years in the country until being thrown out in 1961.



* Creator/HarryTurtledove's AlternateHistory novel ''Literature/TheGunsOfTheSouth'' has bitter Afrikaners, members of the real-life ''Afrikaner Weerstandsbeweging'' (Afrikaner Resistance Movement), steal a time machine and provide the [[UsefulNotes/TheAmericanCivilWar Confederate States of America]] with AK-47s in the hopes of building a powerful nation that supported "white power". [[spoiler: They face opposition from Robert E. Lee and other moderates who, regardless of their personal feelings on slavery, recognize that following the AWB will lead the Confederacy down a path of violence and ostracism from the global community, especially when they discover future books the AWB men had brought back with them showing that slavery will be condemned and the Confederacy looked down on for association with it.]]

to:

* Creator/HarryTurtledove's AlternateHistory novel ''Literature/TheGunsOfTheSouth'' has bitter Afrikaners, members of the real-life ''Afrikaner Weerstandsbeweging'' (Afrikaner Resistance Movement), steal a time machine and provide the [[UsefulNotes/TheAmericanCivilWar Confederate States of America]] with AK-47s in the hopes of building a powerful nation that supported "white power". [[spoiler: They face opposition from Robert E. Lee and other moderates who, regardless of their personal feelings on slavery, recognize that following dislike the AWB will lead the Confederacy down a path of violence and ostracism from the global community, line, especially when they discover future books the AWB men had brought back with them showing that slavery will be condemned and the Confederacy looked down on for association with it.it. In th end, the AWB is put down after trying to assassinate Lee at his inauguration after running on a platform of abolishing slavery, which is done (the slave owners are compenstated).]]



** At the beginning, Mandela and de Klerk are killed when someone crashes a remote-controlled Cessna into the South African parliament building.

to:

** At the beginning, Mandela and de De Klerk are killed when someone crashes a remote-controlled Cessna into the South African parliament building.



* An episode of ''Film/SilentWitness'' involves Nikki Alexander (born in the country) being hired to identify the bodies of ANC activists executed in 1985. It also features a woman getting "necklaced" for fleeing the house where she's held as a sex slave and telling the police, an ANC punishment for informers that involves placing a tyre around their neck, dousing it in petrol and setting it alight.
* ''Literature/ThePowerOfOne'', a novel by Bryce Courtenay, and the movie of the book discuss an English colonist, who boxes in illegal interracial tournaments, and inspires the native Black population, giving them lessons in English. The Afrikaner police are depicted as Nazi-like, and [[spoiler: the main antagonist of the story]] is explicitly a Nazi sympathizer, who has a swastika tattoo, listens to the Horst Wessel Lied, and, [[spoiler: as a teenager,]] swore allegiance to UsefulNotes/AdolfHitler. TruthInTelevision somewhat, since many white South Africans were supportive of the Nazis during UsefulNotes/WorldWarII.
** In addition, as a possible TakeThat against the Apartheid regime, the aforementioned main antagonist is named Botha, after the then-recent leader of Apartheid South Africa.

to:

* An episode of ''Film/SilentWitness'' involves Nikki Alexander (born in the country) being hired to identify the bodies of ANC activists executed in 1985. It also features a woman getting "necklaced" for fleeing the house where she's held as a sex slave and telling the police, an ANC punishment for informers that involves placing a tyre tire around their neck, dousing it in petrol and setting it alight.
* ''Literature/ThePowerOfOne'', a novel by Bryce Courtenay, and the movie of the book discuss focus on an English colonist, colonist who boxes in illegal interracial tournaments, tournaments and inspires the native Black population, giving them lessons in English. The Afrikaner police are depicted as Nazi-like, and [[spoiler: the main antagonist of the story]] is explicitly a Nazi sympathizer, who has a swastika tattoo, listens to the Horst Wessel Lied, and, [[spoiler: as a teenager,]] swore allegiance to UsefulNotes/AdolfHitler. TruthInTelevision somewhat, since many white South Africans were supportive of the Nazis during UsefulNotes/WorldWarII.
** In addition, as a possible TakeThat against the Apartheid regime, the aforementioned main antagonist is named Botha, after the then-recent leader of Apartheid South Africa. The first Apartheid-era President appears as a character as well, whose daughter the protagonist gets involved with (leading to her death when a meeting of anti-Apartheid activists is broken up by heavy-handed police).



* In the movie ''Film/BloodDiamond'' Danny Archer (Creator/LeonardoDiCaprio) is a white man from Rhodesia (now Zimbabwe) and former South African Apartheid soldier turned mercenary, along with the antagonist Colonel Coetzee (Arnold Vosloo, an actual white South African actor) and the officers of his mercenary platoon all also being ex-apartheid soldiers turned mercenary.

to:

* In the movie ''Film/BloodDiamond'' Danny Archer (Creator/LeonardoDiCaprio) is a white man from Rhodesia (now Zimbabwe) and former South African Apartheid soldier turned mercenary, along with the antagonist Colonel Coetzee (Arnold Vosloo, an actual white South African actor) and the officers of his mercenary platoon all also being ex-apartheid ex-Apartheid era South African soldiers turned mercenary.



** As an added bonus to stack against the stereotype, consider the fact that all white South Africans in movies refer to black people by "the k-word", with this being more common among soldiers and government ministers. Except… even under apartheid, it was illegal to use that word. Those film South Africans may have had diplomatic immunity, but all the heroes had to do was record the bad guys insulting them, and they would get fired and probably fined several thousand Rand for being racially insensitive.

to:

** As an added bonus to stack against the stereotype, consider the fact that all white South Africans in movies refer to black people by "the k-word", with this being more common among soldiers and government ministers. Except… Except... even under apartheid, it was illegal to use that word. Those film South Africans may have had diplomatic immunity, but all the heroes had to do was record the bad guys insulting them, and they would get fired and probably fined several thousand Rand for being racially insensitive.



* The apartheid South African Defence Force is one of the playable sides in ''[[VideoGame/GraviteamTactics Graviteam Tactics: Operation Hooper]]''.

to:

* The apartheid apartheid-era South African Defence Force is one of the playable sides in ''[[VideoGame/GraviteamTactics Graviteam Tactics: Operation Hooper]]''.
Hooper]]''.



* ''Catch A Fire'' is a biopic of Patrick Chamusso (Derek Luke), a black South African worker wrongly arrested and tortured by white police officer Nic Vos (Tim Robbins) on suspicion of committing a bombing. After being released when Vos realizes he really didn't do it, Chamusso is so enraged he becomes what they accused him of, going across the border into Mozambique and joining the African National Congress (ANC) the main anti-apartheid group. He returns with guerrilla training to blow up the same target he was accused of bombing before. Ruth First's daughter Shawn Slovo wrote the script, while another daughter Robyn Slovo produced and starred as her in the film. Their father Joe Slovo is a character as well, since he ran the ANC's guerrilla military wing called Umkhonto we Sizwe (Spear of the Nation), aka MK (Ruth First was murdered with a package bomb for their activities, sent by apartheid-era South African Intelligence).

to:

* ''Catch A Fire'' is a biopic of Patrick Chamusso (Derek Luke), a black South African worker wrongly arrested and tortured by white police officer Nic Vos (Tim Robbins) on suspicion of committing a bombing. After being released when Vos realizes he really didn't do it, Chamusso is so enraged he becomes what they accused him of, going across the border into Mozambique and joining the African National Congress (ANC) (ANC), the main anti-apartheid group. He returns with guerrilla training to blow up the same target he was accused of bombing before. Ruth First's daughter Shawn Slovo wrote the script, while another daughter Robyn Slovo produced and starred as her in the film. Their father Joe Slovo is a character as well, since he ran the ANC's guerrilla military wing called Umkhonto we Sizwe (Spear of the Nation), aka MK (Ruth First was murdered with a package bomb for their activities, sent by apartheid-era South African Intelligence).



* ''Literature/FearLoathingAndGumboOnTheCampaignTrailSeventyTwo'' depicts an AlternateHistory where, amongst other wackiness, Magnus Malan becomes dictator of an even more extreme South Africa and implements (even worse) racist policies against black and even non-Afrikaner whites. South Africa in this timeline is a Neo-Nazi state in all but name, and is engaged in a losing war against the rest of sub-Saharan Africa, committing massacres against natives and using dirty bombs and chemical weapons against her enemies. When it becomes apparent to Malan that South Africa's gonna lose, he arranges to wipe out most of the continent with the country's nuclear arsenal. It's quite telling the setting is a CrapsackWorld when the POTUS [[spoiler:Donald Rumsfeld]] openly supports this kind of place.

to:

* ''Literature/FearLoathingAndGumboOnTheCampaignTrailSeventyTwo'' depicts an AlternateHistory where, amongst other wackiness, Magnus Malan becomes dictator of an even more extreme South Africa and implements (even worse) racist policies against black blacks and even non-Afrikaner whites. South Africa in this timeline is a Neo-Nazi state in all but name, and is engaged in a losing war against the rest of sub-Saharan Africa, committing massacres against natives and using dirty bombs and chemical weapons against her enemies. When it becomes apparent to Malan that South Africa's gonna lose, he arranges to wipe out most of the continent with the country's nuclear arsenal. It's quite telling the setting is a CrapsackWorld when the POTUS [[spoiler:Donald Rumsfeld]] openly supports this kind of place.




to:

* ''A Dry White Season'' is a 1989 film starring Donald Sutherland as a white businessman who attempts to reveal the truth of a black suspect's death by torture in police custody, with predictable results.
5th Mar '17 5:27:37 PM karstovich2
Is there an issue? Send a Message


Segregation was strictly enforced, even more so than in the U.S. at the time. Non-whites were formally prohibited from white areas, which could range from public facilities, to beaches, to neighborhoods, to effectively whole cities. Most jobs were completely closed to non-whites. Inter-racial relationships were strictly forbidden; although "coloured" was an officially-recognised "race", it consisted mainly of people whose mere ''existence'' was illegal.

to:

Segregation was strictly enforced, even more so than in the U.S. at the time. Non-whites were formally prohibited from white areas, which could range from public facilities, to beaches, to neighborhoods, to effectively whole cities. Most jobs were completely closed to non-whites. Inter-racial relationships were strictly forbidden; although "coloured" was an officially-recognised "race", it consisted mainly heavily of people whose mere ''existence'' was illegal.
illegal (though a great share of "coloureds" were descended from mixing at an earlier point in history).
29th Dec '16 10:34:35 AM DavidDelony
Is there an issue? Send a Message


Less 'legally', Hundreds of people were tortured in jail or killed with such explanations as [[CutHimselfShaving "fell down some stairs"]]. Public inquests would routinely back such findings, even over [[TheCoronerDothProtestTooMuch obvious evidence to the contrary]]. Security and intelligence services committed several outright assassinations, both in South Africa and abroad; their preferred method was [[YouGotMurder the letter bomb]], colloquially known as the "care package" (because [[{{Pun}} they take care of you]]). Prominent exiled dissident Ruth First was murdered in this manner. There were

to:

Less 'legally', Hundreds of people were tortured in jail or killed with such explanations as [[CutHimselfShaving "fell down some stairs"]]. Public inquests would routinely back such findings, even over [[TheCoronerDothProtestTooMuch obvious evidence to the contrary]]. Security and intelligence services committed several outright assassinations, both in South Africa and abroad; their preferred method was [[YouGotMurder the letter bomb]], colloquially known as the "care package" (because [[{{Pun}} they take care of you]]). Prominent exiled dissident Ruth First was murdered in this manner. There were \n
12th Dec '16 2:43:03 PM REV6Pilot
Is there an issue? Send a Message


** This is basically a realistic portrayal of what South Africa's military, and its mercenaries, are like. Even during apartheid, all races were represented in the Army--except that units were segregated, and only white South Africans were subject to conscription. While fighting against the Communist hordes on the border, South Africans were more concerned about staying alive than being racist. Danny specifically notes that he fought alongside black troops, and that his sergeant told them "there's no apartheid in the trenches."

to:

** This is basically a realistic portrayal of what South Africa's military, and its mercenaries, are like. Even during apartheid, all races were represented in the Army--except that units were segregated, and only white South Africans were subject to conscription. While fighting against the Communist hordes on the border, South Africans were more concerned about staying alive than being racist. Danny specifically notes that he fought alongside black troops, and that his sergeant told them "there's no apartheid in the trenches."



* Similar to the ''Film/{{District 9}}'' example, the South Africa subplot in the [[WesternAnimation/MyLittlePonyFriendshipIsMagic MLP FIM]] fanfic ''Fanfic/TheConversionBureauNotAlone'' is basically evolving (or rather, hinted at evolving) into The Apartheid Era for ponies.

to:

* Similar to the ''Film/{{District 9}}'' example, the South Africa subplot in the [[WesternAnimation/MyLittlePonyFriendshipIsMagic MLP FIM]] fanfic ''Fanfic/TheConversionBureauNotAlone'' is basically evolving (or rather, hinted at evolving) into The Apartheid Era for ponies.ponies. The RecursiveFanfic sequel, ''Fanfic/TheConversionBureauConquerTheStars'', confirms this but also states that both species got over it in the timeframe between the two stories.
11th Dec '16 9:53:30 PM ImperialMajestyXO
Is there an issue? Send a Message


Over time, South Africa became a pariah state, and from the 1960s onward, it was subject to a large-scale international economic and military boycott. About the only thing South Africa could get was secret collaboration with Israel [[TheRestOfTheNuclearClub over nuclear technology]]; the 1979 "Vela incident" is thought to have been a South African nuclear test captured by an American satellite.

to:

Over time, South Africa became a pariah state, and from the 1960s onward, it was subject to a large-scale international economic and military boycott. About the only thing South Africa could get was secret collaboration with Israel [[TheRestOfTheNuclearClub [[UsefulNotes/TheRestOfTheNuclearClub over nuclear technology]]; the 1979 "Vela incident" is thought to have been a South African nuclear test captured by an American satellite.
5th Dec '16 4:10:04 PM AgProv
Is there an issue? Send a Message


-->-- '''''Series/SpittingImage''''', "I've Never Met a Nice South African"

to:

-->-- '''''Series/SpittingImage''''', "I've "[[https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=aeDk6ZeGNnU I've Never Met a Nice South African"
African]]"
20th Sep '16 6:29:06 PM nombretomado
Is there an issue? Send a Message


* In the ''Comicbook/TeenageMutantNinjaTurtlesAdventures'' comic book produced by ArchieComics, a supporting character was a black werewolf whose family moved to Jamaica from South Africa to escape apartheid.

to:

* In the ''Comicbook/TeenageMutantNinjaTurtlesAdventures'' comic book produced by ArchieComics, Franchise/ArchieComics, a supporting character was a black werewolf whose family moved to Jamaica from South Africa to escape apartheid.
8th Sep '16 8:46:37 AM SilentHunterUK
Is there an issue? Send a Message


And that's if you stayed alive. Hundreds of people were tortured in jail or killed with such explanations as [[CutHimselfShaving "fell down some stairs"]]. Public inquests would routinely back such findings, even over [[TheCoronerDothProtestTooMuch obvious evidence to the contrary]]. Security and intelligence services committed several outright assassinations, both in South Africa and abroad; their preferred method was [[YouGotMurder the letter bomb]], colloquially known as the "care package" (because [[{{Pun}} they take care of you]]). Prominent exiled dissident Ruth First was murdered in this manner.

to:

And that's if you stayed alive. South Africa hanged 2,949 people from 1959 to 1991, with 1,123 of those in the 1980s alone - topping the global execution chart in some years for various offences; frequently with political motivations in the issuing of the death penalty and definitely applied in a very racist manner - black people were for more likely to be hanged than white people. Mandela himself just escaped the death penalty at his own trial.

Less 'legally',
Hundreds of people were tortured in jail or killed with such explanations as [[CutHimselfShaving "fell down some stairs"]]. Public inquests would routinely back such findings, even over [[TheCoronerDothProtestTooMuch obvious evidence to the contrary]]. Security and intelligence services committed several outright assassinations, both in South Africa and abroad; their preferred method was [[YouGotMurder the letter bomb]], colloquially known as the "care package" (because [[{{Pun}} they take care of you]]). Prominent exiled dissident Ruth First was murdered in this manner.
manner. There were
8th Sep '16 8:34:07 AM SilentHunterUK
Is there an issue? Send a Message


The boycott was also cultural. South Africa was already notoriously strict on this front -- television was considered [[MoralGuardians morally corrupting]] and didn't arrive there until ''1975''. They also weren't very kind to people who went to the country to film there. If you did get to perform there as a musician, it was likely at the infamous Sun City resort (which was in a Bantustan, as South Africa itself banned gambling for being morally corrupting as well); many other musicians detested the regime and wrote numerous {{protest song}}s. They even criticized Music/PaulSimon for recording ''Graceland'' in the country -- with only black musicians.

to:

The boycott was also cultural. South Africa was already notoriously strict on this front -- television was considered [[MoralGuardians morally corrupting]] and didn't arrive there until ''1975''. They also weren't very kind to people who went to the country to film there. If you did get to perform there as a musician, it was likely at the infamous Sun City resort (which was in a Bantustan, as South Africa itself banned gambling for being morally corrupting as well); many other musicians detested the regime and wrote numerous {{protest song}}s. They even criticized Music/PaulSimon for recording ''Graceland'' in the country -- with only black musicians.
musicians. The British actor's union Equity actually went so far as to ban the sale of any programmes filming there featuring their members - in effect, pretty much the entirety of UK television, with only ''Series/TheSweeney'' making it down there.
This list shows the last 10 events of 107. Show all.
http://tvtropes.org/pmwiki/article_history.php?article=UsefulNotes.TheApartheidEra