History UsefulNotes / BritishPoliticalSystem

18th Nov '17 4:01:09 AM Karl304
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[[AC:Current Acting Leader (Scotland): Jackie Baillie (MSP, Dumbarton).\\

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[[AC:Current Acting Leader (Scotland): Jackie Baillie Richard Leonard (MSP, Dumbarton).Central Scotland).\\
15th Nov '17 11:17:35 AM Karl304
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Current Leader (Wales): Kirsty Williams (AM, Brecon and Radnorshire).\\

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Current Leader (Wales): Kirsty Williams (AM, Brecon and Radnorshire).Jane Dodds (No current seat).\\
15th Nov '17 11:13:45 AM Karl304
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[[AC:Current Acting Leader (Scotland): Alex Rowley (MSP, Mid Scotland & Fife).\\

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[[AC:Current Acting Leader (Scotland): Alex Rowley Jackie Baillie (MSP, Mid Scotland & Fife).Dumbarton).\\
9th Nov '17 6:51:51 AM Karl304
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[[AC:Current International Development Secretary: Penny Mordaunt (MP, Portsmouth North]]\\

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[[AC:Current International Development Secretary: Penny Mordaunt (MP, Portsmouth North]]\\North)]]\\
9th Nov '17 6:51:20 AM Karl304
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[[AC:Current International Development Secretary: Vacant]]\\

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[[AC:Current International Development Secretary: Vacant]]\\Penny Mordaunt (MP, Portsmouth North]]\\
9th Nov '17 1:10:55 AM Karl304
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* '''The Cabinet Office''': based in Downing Street, they aid the PM in his or her job. For the benefit of confused Yanks, that makes them roughly equivalent to the Executive Office of the President, i.e., the immediate staff of the leader him/herself. They have a rather cool briefing room called COBRA (Cabinet Office Briefing Room A), which ministers will meet in during a crisis.
* '''The Treasury''': By far the most important institution of British government following Parliament itself; indeed, the Prime Minister's ''official'' title, by which he/she gets most of his/her perks, is 'First Lord of the Treasury'. Featuring two Cabinet ministers - the Chancellor of the Exchequer and his deputy, the Chief Secretary to the Treasury. Sets taxation policies.
* '''The Home Office''': nothing to do with housing, this is the department that deals with the police and the security services. Was split into two in 2007, with the new Ministry of Justice getting prisons and absorbing the Department of Constitutional Affairs, after being declared "not fit for purpose". Officially the "Home Department", but no-one ever calls it this.
* '''The Foreign and Commonwealth Office''': Formerly the Foreign Office, which people often call it today, it's run by the Foreign Secretary and its job is rather obvious. (The bit about the "Commonwealth" is because Commonwealth countries - and especially Commonwealth Realms, which do, after all, have the same head of state as Britain - are not technically "foreign"; witness how Britain has an Ambassador to the U.S. but a High Commissioner to Canada and India).
* '''Ministry of Defence ([=MoD=])''': Again self-explanatory. Home is a large imposing white building in Whitehall, with statues around it, which is not particularly advertised, but rather obvious.
* '''The Northern Ireland Office, The Scotland Office, and The Wales Office''': Before the devolution settlements of the 1990s, these were the people in charge of running the local affairs of the non-English parts of the UK[[note]]Northern Ireland previously had a devolved government from 1921 to 1972, but this got into [[UsefulNotes/TheTroubles some]] [[JustForPun trouble]], with the NIO taking control from 1972 to 1998[[/note]]. Nowadays act as liaisons and lobbyists between the Westminster government and the devolved government, and have certain reserve powers to intervene if the devolved government falls apart.[[note]]As of yet, only used in Northern Ireland - to suspend the Northern Irish Parliament in 1972; suspend the Northern Irish Assembly in 2002; and to call a snap election to the Northern Irish Assembly in 2017.[[/note]]

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* '''The Cabinet Office''': based Office''':\\
[[AC:Current First Secretary of State]][[note]]Essentially the Deputy Prime Minister, without having to actually call them Deputy PM[[/note]][[AC:: Damian Green (MP, Ashford)]]\\
Based
in Downing Street, they aid the PM in his or her job. For the benefit of confused Yanks, that makes them roughly equivalent to the Executive Office of the President, i.e., the immediate staff of the leader him/herself. They have a rather cool briefing room called COBRA (Cabinet Office Briefing Room A), which ministers will meet in during a crisis.
* '''The Treasury''': Treasury''':\\
[[AC:Current Chancellor of the Exchequer: Philip Hammond (MP, Runnymede and Weybridge).\\
Current Chief Secretary to the Treasury: Liz Truss (MP, South West Norfolk).]]\\
By far the most important institution of British government following Parliament itself; indeed, the Prime Minister's ''official'' title, by which he/she gets most of his/her perks, is 'First Lord of the Treasury'. Featuring two Cabinet ministers - the Chancellor of the Exchequer and his deputy, the Chief Secretary to the Treasury. Sets taxation policies.
* '''The Home Office''': nothing Office''':\\
[[AC: Current Home Secretary: Amber Rudd (MP, Hastings and Rye)]]\\
Nothing
to do with housing, this is the department that deals with the police and the security services. Was split into two in 2007, with the new Ministry of Justice getting prisons and absorbing the Department of Constitutional Affairs, after being declared "not fit for purpose". Officially the "Home Department", but no-one ever calls it this.
* '''The Foreign and Commonwealth Office''': Office''':\\
[[AC:Current Foreign Secretary: Boris Johnson (MP, Uxbridge and South Ruislip)]]\\
Formerly the Foreign Office, which people often call it today, it's run by the Foreign Secretary and its job is rather obvious. (The bit about the "Commonwealth" is because Commonwealth countries - and especially Commonwealth Realms, which do, after all, have the same head of state as Britain - are not technically "foreign"; witness how Britain has an Ambassador to the U.S. but a High Commissioner to Canada and India).
* '''Ministry of Defence ([=MoD=])''': ([=MoD=])''':\\
[[AC:Current Defence Secretary: Gavin Williamson (MP, South Staffordshire)]]\\
Again self-explanatory. Home is a large imposing white building in Whitehall, with statues around it, which is not particularly advertised, but rather obvious.
* '''The Northern Ireland Office, The Scotland Office, and The Wales Office''': Office''':\\
[[AC:Current Northern Ireland Secretary: James Brokenshire (MP, Old Bexley and Sidcup)\\
Current Scotland Secretary: David Mundell (MP, Dumfriesshire, Clydesdale and Tweeddale)\\
Current Wales Secretary: Alun Cairns (MP, Vale of Glamorgan)]]\\
Before the devolution settlements of the 1990s, these were the people in charge of running the local affairs of the non-English parts of the UK[[note]]Northern Ireland previously had a devolved government from 1921 to 1972, but this got into [[UsefulNotes/TheTroubles some]] [[JustForPun trouble]], with the NIO taking control from 1972 to 1998[[/note]]. Nowadays act as liaisons and lobbyists between the Westminster government and the devolved government, and have certain reserve powers to intervene if the devolved government falls apart.[[note]]As of yet, only used in Northern Ireland - to suspend the Northern Irish Parliament in 1972; suspend the Northern Irish Assembly in 2002; and to call a snap election to the Northern Irish Assembly in 2017.[[/note]]



* '''Department for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy (BEIS)''': Created in 2016 from the Department for Energy and Climate Change, and the Department for Business, Innovation and Skills. Responsible for business policy, consumer affairs, competition regulation, research, energy policy, intellectual property... [[TheLastOfTheseIsNotLikeTheOthers and outer space]].
* '''Department for Communities and Local Government (DCLG)''': Has to deal with the cries of local councils. Also responsible for housing, building regulations, the fire service, and making people be nice to each other. But only in England - Northern Ireland, Scotland and Wales all have their own regional equivalents (see the "Devolution" section).
* '''Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport''': The department which has to try and make people excited about the British Olympics team, while convincing everyone the country's broadband infrastructure is the best ever.
* '''Department for Education ([=DfE=])''': Responsible for schools, teachers, the curriculum, and adoption. But again, only in England.
* '''Department for the Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (DEFRA)''': Responsible for keeping the farmers happy. Also handles national parks, air quality, conservation... basically [[CaptainObvious anything environmental]].
* '''Department for Exiting the European Union ([=DExEU=])''': Probably the most unwanted job in the entire country at this point in time. Created in 2016, and responsible for negotiating the UK's exit from the European Union.
* '''Department of Health ([=DH=])''': Responsible for keeping the NHS running (though in which direction is debatable depending on your views) and telling junior doctors that they don't know anything about being junior doctors. But only in England.
* '''Department for International Development ([=DfID=])''': Manages the UK's aid budget and foreign development schemes.
* '''Department for International Trade ([=DfIT=])''': The department which has to convince people that they want to stock British things in their country. Re-formed in 2016 (the department had been divided up since the 1980s) when the need for international trade deals (formerly negotiated by the EU on behalf of Britain) suddenly became a bit... more pressing.
* '''Ministry of Justice ([=MoJ=])''': For the whole UK - responsible for human rights, data protection, and the Supreme Court. In England and Wales only, gets to deal with all the prisons.
* '''Department for Transport ([=DfT=])'''[[note]]Or "[=DafT=]" to readers of PrivateEye[[/note]]: Responsible for Network Rail (but not the trains, or most of the stations, or anything in Northern Ireland), and selling the rights to run trains on UK railways to other countries' state railways, while refusing to run railways themselves.
* '''Department for Work and Pensions (DWP)''': The ones responsible for benefits, employment and health and safety. But only in England, Scotland and Wales. Gets a little bit of controversy for accusing everyone of being benefits cheats.

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* '''Department for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy (BEIS)''': (BEIS)''':\\
[[AC:Current Business Secretary: Greg Clark (MP, Tunbridge Wells)]]\\
Created in 2016 from the Department for Energy and Climate Change, and the Department for Business, Innovation and Skills. Responsible for business policy, consumer affairs, competition regulation, research, energy policy, intellectual property... [[TheLastOfTheseIsNotLikeTheOthers and outer space]].
* '''Department for Communities and Local Government (DCLG)''': (DCLG)''':\\
[[AC:Current Communities Secretary: Sajid Javid (MP, Bromsgrove)]]\\
Has to deal with the cries of local councils. Also responsible for housing, building regulations, the fire service, and making people be nice to each other. But only in England - Northern Ireland, Scotland and Wales all have their own regional equivalents (see the "Devolution" section).
* '''Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport''': Sport''':\\
[[AC:Current Culture Secretary: Karen Bradley (MP, Staffordshire Moorlands)]]\\
The department which has to try and make people excited about the British Olympics team, while convincing everyone the country's broadband infrastructure is the best ever.
* '''Department for Education ([=DfE=])''': ([=DfE=])''':\\
[[AC:Current Education Secretary: Justine Greening (MP, Putney)]]\\
Responsible for schools, teachers, the curriculum, and adoption. But again, only in England.
* '''Department for the Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (DEFRA)''': (DEFRA)''':\\
[[AC:Current Environment Secretary: Michael Gove (MP, Surrey Heath)]]\\
Responsible for keeping the farmers happy. Also handles national parks, air quality, conservation... basically [[CaptainObvious anything environmental]].
* '''Department for Exiting the European Union ([=DExEU=])''': ([=DExEU=])''':\\
[[AC:Current Brexit Secretary: David Davis (MP, Haltemprice and Howden)]]\\
Probably the most unwanted job in the entire country at this point in time. Created in 2016, and responsible for negotiating the UK's exit from the European Union.
* '''Department of Health ([=DH=])''': ([=DH=])''':\\
[[AC:Current Health Secretary: Jeremy Hunt (MP, South West Surrey)]]\\
Responsible for keeping the NHS running (though in which direction is debatable depending on your views) and telling junior doctors that they don't know anything about being junior doctors. But only in England.
* '''Department for International Development ([=DfID=])''': ([=DfID=])''':\\
[[AC:Current International Development Secretary: Vacant]]\\
Manages the UK's aid budget and foreign development schemes.
* '''Department for International Trade ([=DfIT=])''': ([=DfIT=])''':\\
[[AC:Current Trade Secretary: Liam Fox (MP, North Somerset)]]\\
The department which has to convince people that they want to stock British things in their country. Re-formed in 2016 (the department had been divided up since the 1980s) when the need for international trade deals (formerly negotiated by the EU on behalf of Britain) suddenly became a bit... more pressing.
* '''Ministry of Justice ([=MoJ=])''': ([=MoJ=])''':\\
[[AC:Current Justice Secretary: David Lidington (MP, Aylesbury)]]\\
For the whole UK - responsible for human rights, data protection, and the Supreme Court. In England and Wales only, gets to deal with all the prisons.
* '''Department for Transport ([=DfT=])'''[[note]]Or "[=DafT=]" to readers of PrivateEye[[/note]]: PrivateEye[[/note]]:\\
[[AC:Current Transport Secretary: Chris Grayling (MP, Epsom and Ewell)]]\\
Responsible for Network Rail (but not the trains, or most of the stations, or anything in Northern Ireland), and selling the rights to run trains on UK railways to other countries' state railways, while refusing to run railways themselves.
* '''Department for Work and Pensions (DWP)''': (DWP)''':\\
[[AC:Current Work and Pensions Secretary: David Gauke (MP, South West Hertfordshire)]]\\
The ones responsible for benefits, employment and health and safety. But only in England, Scotland and Wales. Gets a little bit of controversy for accusing everyone of being benefits cheats.
cheats.

Also not strictly Cabinet posts, but included for completion since their holders usually attend Cabinet meetings:
* '''Leader of the House of Commons / Lords''':\\
[[AC:Current Leader of the House of Commons: Andrea Leadsom (MP, South Northamptonshire)\\
Current Leader of the House of Lords: Baroness Evans of Bowes Park]]\\
The people responsible for dealing with all the procedural nonsense in either House, and basically helping arrange what goes on in the government's allotted speaking time (the Speaker or Lord Speaker decides how much time in general that the government and opposition get).
* '''Attorney General'''\\
[[AC: Current Attorney General: Jeremy Wright (MP, Kenilworth and Southam)]]\\
The government's legal advisor... [[UsefulNotes/BritishCourts but only in England and Wales]]. Has to basically make sure the government is acting within established law at all times.
* '''Chief Whip'''\\
[[AC: Current Chief Whip: Julian Smith (MP, Skipton and Ripon)]]\\
Responsible for government discipline - making sure government [=MPs=] vote the way they're supposed to, trying to avoid the leaks of any embarrassing information to the press, and acting as a communication channel between the backbenchers and Cabinet. Usually a rather secretive (and occasionally forgotten) role as the Chief Whip naturally avoids interviews. Given a new light and brought into the public consciousness by an entirely fictional character - the Machiavellian Francis Urquhart of [[Series/HouseOfCardsUK House of Cards]].
7th Nov '17 11:54:28 PM J_McK
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Added DiffLines:

More popularly however, the anthem [[https://youtu.be/i1zLoG6YeA4 Oh Jeremy Corbyn]] is becoming a trend among the young.
3rd Nov '17 3:00:23 PM Karl304
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'''[--(317 [=MPs=], 253 Lords, 20 [=MEPs=], 31 [=MSPs=], 12 Wales [=AMs=], 8 London [=AMs=], 5 Mayors, 9,237 local.)--]'''\\

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'''[--(317 '''[--(316 [=MPs=], 253 Lords, 20 [=MEPs=], 31 [=MSPs=], 12 Wales [=AMs=], 8 London [=AMs=], 5 Mayors, 9,237 local.)--]'''\\



'''[--(3 [=MPs=][[note]]Sylvia Hermon (North Down), Kelvin Hopkins (Luton North), and Jared O'Mara (Sheffield Hallam)[[/note]], 1 [=MEP=][[note]]Janice Atkinson (Southeast England)[[/note]], 30 Lords [[note]]"Non-Affiliated" Lords - a distinct entity from Crossbenchers (see below)[[/note]], 2 Wales [=AMs=][[note]]Nathan Gill (North Wales), Dafydd Ellis-Thomas (Dwyfor Meirionnydd) [[/note]], 1 [=MLA=][[note]]Claire Sugden (East Londonderry)[[/note]], 2 Mayors [[note]]Mike Starkey (Copeland), Kate Allsop (Mansfield)[[/note]], 1,674 local--]'''\\

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'''[--(3 [=MPs=][[note]]Sylvia '''[--(4 [=MPs=][[note]]Charlie Elphicke (Dover), Sylvia Hermon (North Down), Kelvin Hopkins (Luton North), and Jared O'Mara (Sheffield Hallam)[[/note]], 1 [=MEP=][[note]]Janice Atkinson (Southeast England)[[/note]], 30 Lords [[note]]"Non-Affiliated" Lords - a distinct entity from Crossbenchers (see below)[[/note]], 2 Wales [=AMs=][[note]]Nathan Gill (North Wales), Dafydd Ellis-Thomas (Dwyfor Meirionnydd) [[/note]], 1 [=MLA=][[note]]Claire Sugden (East Londonderry)[[/note]], 2 Mayors [[note]]Mike Starkey (Copeland), Kate Allsop (Mansfield)[[/note]], 1,674 local--]'''\\
2nd Nov '17 3:32:59 PM Karl304
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'''[--(261 [=MPs=], 201 Lords, 20 [=MEPs=], 23 [=MSPs=], 29 Wales [=AMs=], 12 London [=AMs=], 13 Mayors, 6,470 local.)--]'''\\

to:

'''[--(261 '''[--(260 [=MPs=], 201 Lords, 20 [=MEPs=], 23 [=MSPs=], 29 Wales [=AMs=], 12 London [=AMs=], 13 Mayors, 6,470 local.)--]'''\\



'''[--(2 [=MPs=][[note]]Sylvia Hermon (North Down), and Jared O'Mara (Sheffield Hallam)[[/note]], 1 [=MEP=][[note]]Janice Atkinson (Southeast England)[[/note]], 30 Lords [[note]]"Non-Affiliated" Lords - a distinct entity from Crossbenchers (see below)[[/note]], 2 Wales [=AMs=][[note]]Nathan Gill (North Wales), Dafydd Ellis-Thomas (Dwyfor Meirionnydd) [[/note]], 1 [=MLA=][[note]]Claire Sugden (East Londonderry)[[/note]], 2 Mayors [[note]]Mike Starkey (Copeland), Kate Allsop (Mansfield)[[/note]], 1,674 local--]'''\\

to:

'''[--(2 '''[--(3 [=MPs=][[note]]Sylvia Hermon (North Down), Kelvin Hopkins (Luton North), and Jared O'Mara (Sheffield Hallam)[[/note]], 1 [=MEP=][[note]]Janice Atkinson (Southeast England)[[/note]], 30 Lords [[note]]"Non-Affiliated" Lords - a distinct entity from Crossbenchers (see below)[[/note]], 2 Wales [=AMs=][[note]]Nathan Gill (North Wales), Dafydd Ellis-Thomas (Dwyfor Meirionnydd) [[/note]], 1 [=MLA=][[note]]Claire Sugden (East Londonderry)[[/note]], 2 Mayors [[note]]Mike Starkey (Copeland), Kate Allsop (Mansfield)[[/note]], 1,674 local--]'''\\
25th Oct '17 4:36:42 AM Karl304
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'''[--(262 [=MPs=], 201 Lords, 20 [=MEPs=], 23 [=MSPs=], 29 Wales [=AMs=], 12 London [=AMs=], 13 Mayors, 6,470 local.)--]'''\\

to:

'''[--(262 '''[--(261 [=MPs=], 201 Lords, 20 [=MEPs=], 23 [=MSPs=], 29 Wales [=AMs=], 12 London [=AMs=], 13 Mayors, 6,470 local.)--]'''\\



'''[--(1 [=MPs=][[note]]Sylvia Hermon (North Down)[[/note]], 1 [=MEP=][[note]]Janice Atkinson (Southeast England)[[/note]], 30 Lords [[note]]"Non-Affiliated" Lords - a distinct entity from Crossbenchers (see below)[[/note]], 2 Wales [=AMs=][[note]]Nathan Gill (North Wales), Dafydd Ellis-Thomas (Dwyfor Meirionnydd) [[/note]], 1 [=MLA=][[note]]Claire Sugden (East Londonderry)[[/note]], 2 Mayors [[note]]Mike Starkey (Copeland), Kate Allsop (Mansfield)[[/note]], 1,674 local--]'''\\

to:

'''[--(1 '''[--(2 [=MPs=][[note]]Sylvia Hermon (North Down)[[/note]], Down), and Jared O'Mara (Sheffield Hallam)[[/note]], 1 [=MEP=][[note]]Janice Atkinson (Southeast England)[[/note]], 30 Lords [[note]]"Non-Affiliated" Lords - a distinct entity from Crossbenchers (see below)[[/note]], 2 Wales [=AMs=][[note]]Nathan Gill (North Wales), Dafydd Ellis-Thomas (Dwyfor Meirionnydd) [[/note]], 1 [=MLA=][[note]]Claire Sugden (East Londonderry)[[/note]], 2 Mayors [[note]]Mike Starkey (Copeland), Kate Allsop (Mansfield)[[/note]], 1,674 local--]'''\\
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