History UsefulNotes / BritishPoliticalSystem

24th Jun '16 8:54:42 PM SamCurt
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The Privy Council also has a Judicial Committee, consisting of the Justices of the Supreme Court and a few other judges. Its domestic jurisdiction, once wide-ranging, is now limited to a few random tribunals which for the most part almost nobody has heard of or cares about (the ecclesiastical courts? the High Court of Chivalry? ''The Disciplinary Committee of the Royal College of Veterinary Surgeons''?[[note]]This jurisdiction is still alive as of 2014 in [[http://jcpc.uk/decided-cases/docs/JCPC_2013_0030_Judgment.pdf a case]] involving evidential standards for "unfit to practice" hearings![[/note]]); the main exception is that it hears cases on appeal in admiralty--that is, the law of seagoing vessels--from certain courts. It may also give "advice" should the Government ask for it[[note]]The last time this jurisdiction was used was in 2016 in ''[[https://www.jcpc.uk/cases/jcpc-2015-0079.html In the matter of the Baronetcy of Pringle of Stichill]]''; the administration, handling the troublesome issue on whether a DNA evidence can be used to unseat three whole generations of a major Scottish clan, refers the case to JCPC to make a judicial determination.[[/note]]. However, it serves as the highest court of appeal for Britain's Crown Dependencies (UsefulNotes/TheChannelIslands and the Isle of Man) and Overseas Territories (numerous, most notably UsefulNotes/{{Gibraltar}} and UsefulNotes/TheFalklandIslands), certain Commonwealth Realms, certain Commonwealth Republics, and the Sultanate of Brunei. When sitting for this purpose, jurists from the country in question are appointed to the Privy Council to hear the case. This procedure has been abolished in the more developed Commonwealth Realms, although it existed more recently than you might think--Australia abolished it so recently that one of the most famous Judicial Committee decisions, the "[[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Overseas_Tankship_(UK)_Ltd_v_Morts_Dock_and_Engineering_Co_Ltd Wagon Mound]]" case of 1961, was actually an appeal from the Supreme Court of New South Wales.

to:

The Privy Council also has a Judicial Committee, consisting of the Justices of the Supreme Court and a few other judges. Its domestic jurisdiction, once wide-ranging, is now limited to a few random tribunals which for the most part almost nobody has heard of or cares about (the ecclesiastical courts? the High Court of Chivalry? ''The Disciplinary Committee of the Royal College of Veterinary Surgeons''?[[note]]This jurisdiction is still alive as of 2014 in [[http://jcpc.uk/decided-cases/docs/JCPC_2013_0030_Judgment.pdf a case]] involving evidential standards for "unfit to practice" hearings![[/note]]); the main exception is that it hears cases on appeal in admiralty--that is, the law of seagoing vessels--from certain courts. It may also give "advice" should the Government ask for it[[note]]The last time this jurisdiction was used was in 2016 in ''[[https://www.jcpc.uk/cases/jcpc-2015-0079.html In the matter of the Baronetcy of Pringle of Stichill]]''; the administration, handling Government refers to the JCPC the troublesome issue case on whether a DNA evidence can be used to unseat three whole generations of a major Scottish clan, refers the case to JCPC to make so that it can have a judicial determination.[[/note]]. However, it serves as the highest court of appeal for Britain's Crown Dependencies (UsefulNotes/TheChannelIslands and the Isle of Man) and Overseas Territories (numerous, most notably UsefulNotes/{{Gibraltar}} and UsefulNotes/TheFalklandIslands), certain Commonwealth Realms, certain Commonwealth Republics, and the Sultanate of Brunei. When sitting for this purpose, jurists from the country in question are appointed to the Privy Council to hear the case. This procedure has been abolished in the more developed Commonwealth Realms, although it existed more recently than you might think--Australia abolished it so recently that one of the most famous Judicial Committee decisions, the "[[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Overseas_Tankship_(UK)_Ltd_v_Morts_Dock_and_Engineering_Co_Ltd Wagon Mound]]" case of 1961, was actually an appeal from the Supreme Court of New South Wales.
24th Jun '16 8:52:03 PM SamCurt
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The Privy Council also has a Judicial Committee, consisting of the Justices of the Supreme Court and a few other judges. Its domestic jurisdiction, once wide-ranging, is now limited to a few random tribunals which for the most part almost nobody has heard of or cares about (the ecclesiastical courts? the High Court of Chivalry? ''The Disciplinary Committee of the Royal College of Veterinary Surgeons''?[[note]]This jurisdiction is still alive as of 2014 in [[http://jcpc.uk/decided-cases/docs/JCPC_2013_0030_Judgment.pdf a case]] involving evidential standards for "unfit to practice" hearings![[/note]]); the main exception is that it hears cases on appeal in admiralty--that is, the law of seagoing vessels--from certain courts. It may also give "advice" should the Government ask for it. However, it serves as the highest court of appeal for Britain's Crown Dependencies (UsefulNotes/TheChannelIslands and the Isle of Man) and Overseas Territories (numerous, most notably UsefulNotes/{{Gibraltar}} and UsefulNotes/TheFalklandIslands), certain Commonwealth Realms, certain Commonwealth Republics, and the Sultanate of Brunei. When sitting for this purpose, jurists from the country in question are appointed to the Privy Council to hear the case. This procedure has been abolished in the more developed Commonwealth Realms, although it existed more recently than you might think--Australia abolished it so recently that one of the most famous Judicial Committee decisions, the "[[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Overseas_Tankship_(UK)_Ltd_v_Morts_Dock_and_Engineering_Co_Ltd Wagon Mound]]" case of 1961, was actually an appeal from the Supreme Court of New South Wales.

to:

The Privy Council also has a Judicial Committee, consisting of the Justices of the Supreme Court and a few other judges. Its domestic jurisdiction, once wide-ranging, is now limited to a few random tribunals which for the most part almost nobody has heard of or cares about (the ecclesiastical courts? the High Court of Chivalry? ''The Disciplinary Committee of the Royal College of Veterinary Surgeons''?[[note]]This jurisdiction is still alive as of 2014 in [[http://jcpc.uk/decided-cases/docs/JCPC_2013_0030_Judgment.pdf a case]] involving evidential standards for "unfit to practice" hearings![[/note]]); the main exception is that it hears cases on appeal in admiralty--that is, the law of seagoing vessels--from certain courts. It may also give "advice" should the Government ask for it.it[[note]]The last time this jurisdiction was used was in 2016 in ''[[https://www.jcpc.uk/cases/jcpc-2015-0079.html In the matter of the Baronetcy of Pringle of Stichill]]''; the administration, handling the troublesome issue on whether a DNA evidence can be used to unseat three whole generations of a major Scottish clan, refers the case to JCPC to make a judicial determination.[[/note]]. However, it serves as the highest court of appeal for Britain's Crown Dependencies (UsefulNotes/TheChannelIslands and the Isle of Man) and Overseas Territories (numerous, most notably UsefulNotes/{{Gibraltar}} and UsefulNotes/TheFalklandIslands), certain Commonwealth Realms, certain Commonwealth Republics, and the Sultanate of Brunei. When sitting for this purpose, jurists from the country in question are appointed to the Privy Council to hear the case. This procedure has been abolished in the more developed Commonwealth Realms, although it existed more recently than you might think--Australia abolished it so recently that one of the most famous Judicial Committee decisions, the "[[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Overseas_Tankship_(UK)_Ltd_v_Morts_Dock_and_Engineering_Co_Ltd Wagon Mound]]" case of 1961, was actually an appeal from the Supreme Court of New South Wales.
9th Jun '16 10:40:40 PM gewunomox
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* The '''Green Party''' (1 [=MP=], 3 [=MEPs=], 6 [=MSPs=], 2 [=MLAs=]): originally an environmental single-issue party, they have attempted to branch-out into other areas of policy in which they tend to take a standard British-left-wing viewpoint. They used to differ from other left-wing parties with regard to science, where they Greens embraced many "alternative" (and scientifically rubbished) ideas such as homeopathy, partially as a result of their manifesto being completely democratic, even to people not versed in either science or politics. Nowadays, their only "anti-science" policies are opposition to nuclear power and scepticism of GM crops - though many of their members still favour "alternative" medicines. Their position on Europe is to take a reformist Eurosceptic view - they would prefer to stay in the EU, but want to see it massively reformed. Technically three parties: the party has separate branches in England and Wales, Scotland, and Northern Ireland; the Scottish Greens are pro-independence (and have the backing of FranzFerdinand). The English and Welsh Greens won the first Green seat at Westminster in 2010, its leader Caroline Lucas beating Labourite Nancy Platts to win the seat of Brighton Pavilion in East Sussex. They held the seat in 2015, winning only one seat, despite getting well over one million votes nationally. The Greens' colour, [[SarcasmMode surprisingly]], is green, and the English and Wales party's icon is a sunflower. The Scottish, English and Welsh, and Irish branches of the Greens use variations on the theme.

to:

* The '''Green Party''' (1 [=MP=], 3 [=MEPs=], 6 [=MSPs=], 2 [=MLAs=]): originally an environmental single-issue party, they have attempted to branch-out into other areas of policy in which they tend to take a standard British-left-wing viewpoint. They used to differ from other left-wing parties with regard to science, where they Greens embraced many "alternative" (and scientifically rubbished) ideas such as homeopathy, partially as a result of their manifesto being completely democratic, even to people not versed in either science or politics. Nowadays, their only "anti-science" policies are opposition to nuclear power and scepticism of GM crops - though many of their members still favour "alternative" medicines. Their position on Europe is to take a reformist Eurosceptic view - they would prefer to stay in the EU, but want to see it massively reformed. Technically three parties: the party has separate branches in England and Wales, Scotland, and Northern Ireland; the Scottish Greens are pro-independence (and have the backing of FranzFerdinand).Music/FranzFerdinand). The English and Welsh Greens won the first Green seat at Westminster in 2010, its leader Caroline Lucas beating Labourite Nancy Platts to win the seat of Brighton Pavilion in East Sussex. They held the seat in 2015, winning only one seat, despite getting well over one million votes nationally. The Greens' colour, [[SarcasmMode surprisingly]], is green, and the English and Wales party's icon is a sunflower. The Scottish, English and Welsh, and Irish branches of the Greens use variations on the theme.
9th Jun '16 8:30:11 PM Doug86
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* There are also several communist and socialist parties, mainly notable for their sheer number; most famously the '''Socialist Worker's Party''', but also including '''[[WeAreStrugglingTogether the Communist Party of Great Britain, the Communist Party of Britain, the Communist Party of Great Britain (Marxist-Leninist), and the Revolutionary Communist Party of Great Britain (Marxist-Leninist)]]'''. Totally insignificant from a practical point of view, having membership in the hundreds rather than thousands. Came in for a ''lot'' of ribbing in ''Film/MontyPythonsLifeOfBrian'', where the Judean separatist movements and their in-fighting[[note]]the Judean People's Front, the Judean Popular People's Front, the People's Front for Judea, and the Judean Popular People's Front]] (the last is an old man, and the rest are all splitters)[[/note]] were a parody of this. The CPGB actually won two seats back in 1945 before news of [[JosefStalin Stalin's]] purges made communism unpopular, and they lost them both at the 1950 election and proceeded to collapse into irrelevance thanks to their following the Moscow party line (their support for the 1956 invasion of Hungary revolted leftists and earned them the pejorative nickname "tankies") and eventually disbanded in 1991. Since 2010, many of these far-left groups have stood for election under the banner of TUSC (the Trade Unionist and Socialist Coalition). This is more a flag of convenience than a genuine party, though.

to:

* There are also several communist and socialist parties, mainly notable for their sheer number; most famously the '''Socialist Worker's Party''', but also including '''[[WeAreStrugglingTogether the Communist Party of Great Britain, the Communist Party of Britain, the Communist Party of Great Britain (Marxist-Leninist), and the Revolutionary Communist Party of Great Britain (Marxist-Leninist)]]'''. Totally insignificant from a practical point of view, having membership in the hundreds rather than thousands. Came in for a ''lot'' of ribbing in ''Film/MontyPythonsLifeOfBrian'', where the Judean separatist movements and their in-fighting[[note]]the Judean People's Front, the Judean Popular People's Front, the People's Front for Judea, and the Judean Popular People's Front]] (the last is an old man, and the rest are all splitters)[[/note]] were a parody of this. The CPGB actually won two seats back in 1945 before news of [[JosefStalin [[UsefulNotes/JosefStalin Stalin's]] purges made communism unpopular, and they lost them both at the 1950 election and proceeded to collapse into irrelevance thanks to their following the Moscow party line (their support for the 1956 invasion of Hungary revolted leftists and earned them the pejorative nickname "tankies") and eventually disbanded in 1991. Since 2010, many of these far-left groups have stood for election under the banner of TUSC (the Trade Unionist and Socialist Coalition). This is more a flag of convenience than a genuine party, though.
24th May '16 12:57:28 PM StevieG
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* The '''Green Party''' (1 [=MP=], 3 [=MEPs=], 6 [=MSPs=], 2 [=MLAs=]): originally an environmental single-issue party, they have attempted to branch-out into other areas of policy in which they tend to take a standard British-left-wing viewpoint. They used to differ from other left-wing parties with regard to science, where they Greens embraced many "alternative" (and scientifically rubbished) ideas such as homeopathy, partially as a result of their manifesto being completely democratic, even to people not versed in either science or politics. Those policies have now been tightened up, and they are no longer "anti-science", although they are still passionate advocates of "alternative medicine". Also unlike their European counterparts, they are a Eurosceptic party and part of [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_European_Alliance_of_EU-critical_Movements the same international alliance of Eurosceptic parties as UKIP, albeit only with observer status]], although this is not widely known. Technically three parties: the party has separate branches in England and Wales, Scotland, and Northern Ireland; the Scottish Greens are pro-independence (and have the backing of FranzFerdinand). The English and Welsh Greens won the first Green seat at Westminster in 2010, its leader Caroline Lucas beating Labourite Nancy Platts to win the seat of Brighton Pavilion in East Sussex. They held the seat in 2015, winning only one seat, despite getting well over one million votes nationally. The Greens' colour, [[SarcasmMode surprisingly]], is green, and the English and Wales party's icon is a sunflower. The Scottish, English and Welsh, and Irish branches of the Greens use variations on the theme.

to:

* The '''Green Party''' (1 [=MP=], 3 [=MEPs=], 6 [=MSPs=], 2 [=MLAs=]): originally an environmental single-issue party, they have attempted to branch-out into other areas of policy in which they tend to take a standard British-left-wing viewpoint. They used to differ from other left-wing parties with regard to science, where they Greens embraced many "alternative" (and scientifically rubbished) ideas such as homeopathy, partially as a result of their manifesto being completely democratic, even to people not versed in either science or politics. Those Nowadays, their only "anti-science" policies have now been tightened up, are opposition to nuclear power and they are no longer "anti-science", although they are scepticism of GM crops - though many of their members still passionate advocates of "alternative medicine". Also unlike their European counterparts, they are favour "alternative" medicines. Their position on Europe is to take a reformist Eurosceptic party and part of [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_European_Alliance_of_EU-critical_Movements view - they would prefer to stay in the same international alliance of Eurosceptic parties as UKIP, albeit only with observer status]], although this is not widely known.EU, but want to see it massively reformed. Technically three parties: the party has separate branches in England and Wales, Scotland, and Northern Ireland; the Scottish Greens are pro-independence (and have the backing of FranzFerdinand). The English and Welsh Greens won the first Green seat at Westminster in 2010, its leader Caroline Lucas beating Labourite Nancy Platts to win the seat of Brighton Pavilion in East Sussex. They held the seat in 2015, winning only one seat, despite getting well over one million votes nationally. The Greens' colour, [[SarcasmMode surprisingly]], is green, and the English and Wales party's icon is a sunflower. The Scottish, English and Welsh, and Irish branches of the Greens use variations on the theme.



* There are also several communist and socialist parties, mainly notable for their sheer number; most famously the '''Socialist Worker's Party''', but also including '''[[WeAreStrugglingTogether the Communist Party of Great Britain, the Communist Party of Britain, the Communist Party of Great Britain (Marxist-Leninist), and the Revolutionary Communist Party of Great Britain (Marxist-Leninist)]]'''. Totally insignificant from a practical point of view, having membership in the hundreds rather than thousands. Came in for a ''lot'' of ribbing in ''Film/MontyPythonsLifeOfBrian'', where the Judean separatist movements and their in-fighting[[note]]the Judean People's Front, the Judean Popular People's Front, the People's Front for Judea, and the Judean Popular People's Front]] (the last is an old man, and the rest are all splitters)[[/note]] were a parody of this. The CPGB actually won two seats back in 1945 before news of [[JosefStalin Stalin's]] purges made communism unpopular, and they lost them both at the 1950 election and proceeded to collapse into irrelevance thanks to their following the Moscow party line (their support for the 1956 invasion of Hungary revolted leftists and earned them the pejorative nickname "tankies") and eventually disbanded in 1991.\\

to:

* There are also several communist and socialist parties, mainly notable for their sheer number; most famously the '''Socialist Worker's Party''', but also including '''[[WeAreStrugglingTogether the Communist Party of Great Britain, the Communist Party of Britain, the Communist Party of Great Britain (Marxist-Leninist), and the Revolutionary Communist Party of Great Britain (Marxist-Leninist)]]'''. Totally insignificant from a practical point of view, having membership in the hundreds rather than thousands. Came in for a ''lot'' of ribbing in ''Film/MontyPythonsLifeOfBrian'', where the Judean separatist movements and their in-fighting[[note]]the Judean People's Front, the Judean Popular People's Front, the People's Front for Judea, and the Judean Popular People's Front]] (the last is an old man, and the rest are all splitters)[[/note]] were a parody of this. The CPGB actually won two seats back in 1945 before news of [[JosefStalin Stalin's]] purges made communism unpopular, and they lost them both at the 1950 election and proceeded to collapse into irrelevance thanks to their following the Moscow party line (their support for the 1956 invasion of Hungary revolted leftists and earned them the pejorative nickname "tankies") and eventually disbanded in 1991.\\ Since 2010, many of these far-left groups have stood for election under the banner of TUSC (the Trade Unionist and Socialist Coalition). This is more a flag of convenience than a genuine party, though.


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24th May '16 6:57:58 AM cwickham
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The last GLA elections were in 2012. The Assembly is under no overall control (the biggest party is Labour with 12 out of the 25 seats). The Mayor of London is UsefulNotes/BorisJohnson, a very colourful Tory ex-MP, who has been on ''Series/HaveIGotNewsForYou''.

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The last GLA elections were in 2012.2016. The Assembly is under no overall control (the biggest party is Labour with 12 out of the 25 seats). The current Mayor of London is UsefulNotes/BorisJohnson, a very colourful Tory ex-MP, Labour's Sadiq Khan, who has been on ''Series/HaveIGotNewsForYou''.
upon election in May 2016 became the first Muslim mayor of a major Western capital, as well as the politician with the largest personal mandate in the history of the United Kingdom.
23rd May '16 6:11:31 AM cwickham
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They are traditionally popular in the South-East of England and rural areas. The party colour is blue, and their icon appears to be a child's drawing of a tree, supposedly an attempt by Cameron to emphasise the party's environmentalist credentials; it also harks back to the traditional symbol of Toryism, the Royal Oak. From 1975 to 2006, the symbol was a torch of liberty. They are popularly known as the "'''Tories'''", a term that [[AppropriatedAppellation originally was an insult against Irish cattle thieves]] and which was the name of the modern party's forebear. The current leader is UsefulNotes/DavidCameron, who has modernised the party, but the most famous member is probably the current Mayor of London, UsefulNotes/BorisJohnson, famous for [[ColbertBump his appearances on the show]] ''Series/HaveIGotNewsForYou''. Has a substantial {{Hatedom}} they gained under UsefulNotes/MargaretThatcher that they've never got rid off, to the point where the Tories are seriously seen by a substantial amount (mainly northerners and the working class) of the population as evil incarnate.\\

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They are traditionally popular in the South-East of England and rural areas. The party colour is blue, and their icon appears to be a child's drawing of a tree, supposedly an attempt by Cameron to emphasise the party's environmentalist credentials; it also harks back to the traditional symbol of Toryism, the Royal Oak. From 1975 to 2006, the symbol was a torch of liberty. They are popularly known as the "'''Tories'''", a term that [[AppropriatedAppellation originally was an insult against Irish cattle thieves]] and which was the name of the modern party's forebear. The current leader is UsefulNotes/DavidCameron, who has modernised the party, but the most famous member is probably the current former Mayor of London, UsefulNotes/BorisJohnson, famous for [[ColbertBump his appearances on the show]] ''Series/HaveIGotNewsForYou''. Has a substantial {{Hatedom}} they gained under UsefulNotes/MargaretThatcher that they've never got rid off, to the point where the Tories are seriously seen by a substantial amount (mainly northerners and the working class) of the population as evil incarnate.\\
22nd May '16 8:13:30 PM costanton11
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With the exception of the Conservatives and UKIP (who never win any seats anyway[[note]]UKIP do have one seat in the Northern Irish Assembly, however the MLA in question is a defector from the Ulster Unionist Party, and hasn't yet been directly elected under the UKIP banner[[/note]]), the main UK parties do not contest seats in Northern Ireland, and do not stand for elections to the Northern Irish Assembly. Instead, a series of regional parties holds sway here.

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With the exception of the Conservatives and UKIP (who never win any seats anyway[[note]]UKIP do have one seat in the Northern Irish Assembly, however the MLA in question is a defector from the Ulster Unionist Party, and hasn't yet been directly elected under the UKIP banner[[/note]]), anyway), the main UK parties do not contest seats in Northern Ireland, and do not stand for elections to the Northern Irish Assembly. Instead, a series of regional parties holds sway here.
14th May '16 11:40:03 AM nombretomado
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* '''Crossbenchers''' are the Lords version of independents, and account for about 20% of the members of the upper house. Generally, they are composed of experts in certain fields (for example, back in the eighties, the Lords brought in several veterinarians to help with the animal welfare debate) and people given a peerage as a form of [[KnightFever honour]] because they'd run out of knighthoods to give them/the things they'd done warranted more than a knighthood (e.g. the architect Norman Foster, Baron Foster of Thames Bank), and have no official affiliation. Sit on the "crossbenches" in the Lords (between Government and Opposition, directly across from the Woolsack and Throne), unsurprisingly.

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* '''Crossbenchers''' are the Lords version of independents, and account for about 20% of the members of the upper house. Generally, they are composed of experts in certain fields (for example, back in the eighties, the Lords brought in several veterinarians to help with the animal welfare debate) and people given a peerage as a form of [[KnightFever [[UsefulNotes/KnightFever honour]] because they'd run out of knighthoods to give them/the things they'd done warranted more than a knighthood (e.g. the architect Norman Foster, Baron Foster of Thames Bank), and have no official affiliation. Sit on the "crossbenches" in the Lords (between Government and Opposition, directly across from the Woolsack and Throne), unsurprisingly.
9th May '16 11:42:09 AM Karl304
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* '''People Before Profit Alliance''' (PBPA, 2 [=MLAs=]): Non-sectarian socialist party.

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* '''People Before Profit Alliance''' (PBPA, 2 [=MLAs=]): Non-sectarian socialist party.
party. Also contests elections in the Republic of Ireland.
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