History Main / CrossoverCosmology

14th Sep '16 12:41:51 PM Snicka
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* In [[http://www.theonion.com/article/pope-francis-hosts-feathered-serpent-god-part-deit-53917 this article]] by ''Website/TheOnion'', Kukulkan, the Mayan feathered serpent god is participating in a Deity Exchange Program in UsefulNotes/VaticanCity, while the Abrahamic God spends a month with the Taoist thunder god Lei Gong in [[TheShangriLa the cloud kingdom over Tibet]].
23rd Aug '16 10:25:31 AM narm00
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** The most prominent Marvel god characters are the Norse god Thor and Greek god Hercules, both of whom have served on the Avengers. Many other pantheons exist as well, alongside "new" godlike beings such as the Eternals, the Celestials, the Elders of the Universe, Eternity, and others. A storyline in ''ComicBook/TheIncredibleHercules'' featured Herc leading the "God Squad," a task force of Greek, Inuit, Egyptian, Japanese, and Aztec gods that teams up to defend the Earth from encroachment by alien Skrull deities.
*** The (main) in-universe explanation is that the Norse, Greek, Egyptian, Olympian, Japanese, Inuit, Aztec etc. gods are all magical, superhuman beings from other worlds and dimensions who were worshipped by different ethnic groups throughout history, and all of the myths surrounding them are, where contradictory, generally misinterpretations or half-truths. They each have distinct origins, but are not above intermingling: Gaea, the Elder Goddess of the Earth, played a role in most or all of these pantheons; aside from being based on the Greek overdeity of the same name, she is the same being as Izanami in the Japanese pantheon, and is the mother of both Thor and Atum-Ra of the Norse and Egyptian pantheons; although, in the Marvel series, both she and Atum-Ra predate all these other groups by billions of years.

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** The most prominent Marvel god characters are the Norse god Thor [[ComicBook/TheMightyThor Thor]] and Greek god Hercules, both of whom have served on the Avengers. Many other pantheons exist as well, alongside "new" godlike beings such as the Eternals, the Celestials, the Elders of the Universe, Eternity, and others. A storyline in ''ComicBook/TheIncredibleHercules'' featured Herc leading the "God Squad," a task force of Greek, Inuit, Egyptian, Japanese, and Aztec gods that teams up to defend the Earth from encroachment by alien Skrull deities.
*** The (main) One in-universe explanation is that the Norse, Greek, Egyptian, Olympian, Japanese, Inuit, Aztec etc. gods are all magical, superhuman beings from other worlds and dimensions who were worshipped by different ethnic groups throughout history, and all of the myths surrounding them are, where contradictory, generally misinterpretations or half-truths. They each have distinct origins, but are not above intermingling: Gaea, the Elder Goddess of the Earth, played a role in most or all of these pantheons; aside from being based on the Greek overdeity of the same name, she is the same being as Izanami in the Japanese pantheon, and is the mother of both Thor and Atum-Ra of the Norse and Egyptian pantheons; although, in the Marvel series, both she and Atum-Ra predate all these other groups by billions of years.



** One Comicbook/GhostRider story, established that there is a Spirit of Vengeance for each religion and nationality. One of the other Spirits says that the afterlife you go to depends on your belief.
*** This was established long before that story; each pantheon in Marvel has a Death God, most of whom fill out an EverybodyHatesHades-version of the god they are based on and are evil (or at least, AntiVillain) gods who own a portion of the dimension formerly known as Hell, which shattered into numerous other dimensions billions of years ago to become the Splinter Realms- they other owners of such dimensions are DemonLordsAndArchdevils, and all owners gain strength and can expand their realm by the number of souls they possess. The specific rights they have to a given soul are laid out by a contract each Death God and Skyfather (the more benevolent heads of each pantheon) has with the AnthropomorphicPersonification of Death herself, and generally means that if you follow a specific religion, that determines which heaven or hell you go to (Skyfathers generally get the "good" souls according to the morals of their faith; for instance, a good follower of the Norse religion goes to Odin in Valhalla, a bad or neutral one to Hela in Hel). Atheists and irreligious people, however, are judged purely on moral worth- bad guys get stuck with the demons, while good ones go to Heaven (everyone in between is...ambigious). There are more specific rules for each- for instance, a Christian might still find himself sent to Hela just because he happened to be in Asgard when he died, and there are ghosts and reincarnation and magic and other stuff going on. There are also dimenseions ruled by malevolvent demonic entities like Dormammu who rule both life ''and'' afterlife and make both as hellish as possible, so keep them off of your "places to visit" list.
* Creator/DCComics (both in Franchise/TheDCUniverse and Creator/VertigoComics, which sometimes overlap and sometimes don't) also has a complicated cosmology, both in itself (with deities from many cultures as well as its own inventions) and DependingOnTheWriter:
** VertigoComics' ''ComicBook/TheSandman'' had Egyptian, Norse, Greek, Shinto, and the Judeo-Christian gods, claiming that they all [[ClapYourHandsIfYouBelieve come from the human subconscious]] and feed on human belief. The paradoxes created by this are ironed out by the fact that ''everything'' is true; the universe was created by [[DepartmentOfRedundancyDepartment Allah and Yahweh]] ''and'' every ''other'' creator god. To further muddle the waters, The Endless, AnthropomorphicPersonification of fundamental concepts of reality, have more power than entire pantheons - though they can become weaker in a god's place of power. At the same time, the ''Sandman'' milieu is also presented as a henotheistic one in which Lucifer (and, especially, Lucifer's Creator) are depicted as far more powerful than even the Endless.

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** One Comicbook/GhostRider story, story established that there is a Spirit of Vengeance for each religion and nationality. One of the other Spirits says that the afterlife you go to depends on your belief.
*** This was established long before that story; each pantheon in Marvel has a Death God, most of whom fill out an EverybodyHatesHades-version of the god they are based on and are evil (or at least, AntiVillain) gods who own a portion of the dimension formerly known as Hell, which shattered into numerous other dimensions billions of years ago to become the Splinter Realms- they the other owners of such dimensions are DemonLordsAndArchdevils, and all owners gain strength and can expand their realm by the number of souls they possess. The specific rights they have to a given soul are laid out by a contract each Death God and Skyfather (the more benevolent heads of each pantheon) has with the AnthropomorphicPersonification of Death herself, and generally means that if you follow a specific religion, that determines which heaven or hell you go to (Skyfathers generally get the "good" souls according to the morals of their faith; for instance, a good follower of the Norse religion goes to Odin in Valhalla, a bad or neutral one to Hela in Hel). Atheists and irreligious people, however, are judged purely on moral worth- bad guys get stuck with the demons, while good ones go to Heaven (everyone in between is...ambigious). There are more specific rules for each- for instance, a Christian might still find himself sent to Hela just because he happened to be in Asgard when he died, and there are ghosts and reincarnation and magic and other stuff going on. There are also dimenseions ruled by malevolvent demonic entities like Dormammu who rule both life ''and'' afterlife and make both as hellish as possible, so keep them off of your "places to visit" list.
* Creator/DCComics (both in Franchise/TheDCUniverse Franchise/TheDCU and Creator/VertigoComics, which sometimes overlap overlapped and sometimes don't) didn't up till ''ComicBook/{{Flashpoint}}'', which folded Vertigo characters who'd started off in the DCU back into the main universe) also has a complicated cosmology, both in itself (with deities from many cultures as well as its own inventions) and DependingOnTheWriter:
** VertigoComics' Creator/VertigoComics' ''ComicBook/TheSandman'' had Egyptian, Norse, Greek, Shinto, and the Judeo-Christian Abrahamic gods, claiming that they all [[ClapYourHandsIfYouBelieve come from the human subconscious]] and feed on human belief. The paradoxes created by this are ironed out by the fact that ''everything'' is true; the universe was created by [[DepartmentOfRedundancyDepartment Allah and Yahweh]] ''and'' every ''other'' creator god. To further muddle the waters, The Endless, AnthropomorphicPersonification of fundamental concepts of reality, have more power than entire pantheons - though they can become weaker in a god's place of power. At the same time, the ''Sandman'' milieu is also presented as a henotheistic one in which Lucifer (and, especially, Lucifer's Creator) are depicted as far more powerful than even the Endless.



** The DCU's version of the Judeo-Christian God grows out of the lore surrounding the character of ComicBook/TheSpectre, who is a being of almost limitless power. And if the Spectre is that powerful, what about his creator?
** Vertigo's ''ComicBook/{{Hellblazer}}'' is set in the same pantheistic universe, where John Constantine might visit Hell one week and summon the Aztec god of death in the next. (Contrast with TheFilmOfTheBook, which uses Catholic theology exclusively.
** Creator/JackKirby's ComicBook/NewGods are also part of the equation in the DCU. One ComicBook/WonderWoman story suggested that the Greek gods discovered a small tribe in Italy that worshipped them (due to stories told by Darkseid for [[BatmanGambit reasons of his own]]), and created duplicates of themselves to watch over them. As the Romans grew more powerful and developed a culture distinct from the Greeks, the duplicate gods changed to suit them, until they were entirely separate entities.
** A ''Franchise/{{Superman}}'' story, set shortly after Zeus had teamed up with the Hindu pantheon in ''WonderWoman'', had Zeus inspired to set up the Interfaith Deity Council of Active Polytheistics, comprising himself, Odin, Thoth and Ale (a West African fertility goddess). They were opposed by a group of [[GodOfEvil Gods Of Evil]] comprising Baal, the Morrigan (Celtic war goddess), Izanami (Japanese death goddess), Mixcoatl, and Ahriman (the Zoroastian UltimateEvil).

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** The DCU's version of the Judeo-Christian Abrahamic God grows out of the lore surrounding the character of ComicBook/TheSpectre, who is a being of almost limitless power. And if the Spectre is that powerful, what about his creator?
** Vertigo's ''ComicBook/{{Hellblazer}}'' is set in the same pantheistic universe, where John Constantine might visit Hell one week and summon the Aztec god of death in the next. (Contrast with TheFilmOfTheBook, the movie adaptation ''Film/{{Constantine}}'', which uses Catholic theology exclusively.
exclusively.)
** Creator/JackKirby's ComicBook/NewGods are also part of the equation in the DCU.
**
One ComicBook/WonderWoman Franchise/WonderWoman story suggested that the Greek gods discovered a small tribe in Italy that worshipped them (due to stories told by Darkseid for [[BatmanGambit reasons of his own]]), and created duplicates of themselves to watch over them. As the Romans grew more powerful and developed a culture distinct from the Greeks, the duplicate gods changed to suit them, until they were entirely separate entities.
** A ''Franchise/{{Superman}}'' story, set shortly after Zeus had teamed up with the Hindu pantheon in ''WonderWoman'', ''Franchise/WonderWoman'', had Zeus inspired to set up the Interfaith Deity Council of Active Polytheistics, comprising himself, Odin, Thoth and Ale (a West African fertility goddess). They were opposed by a group of [[GodOfEvil Gods Of Evil]] comprising Baal, the Morrigan (Celtic war goddess), Izanami (Japanese death goddess), Mixcoatl, and Ahriman (the Zoroastian UltimateEvil).



** The map of the multiverse in ''ComicBook/TheMultiversity'' has the Endless, the New Gods, the polytheistic pantheons and the Abrahamic Heaven and Hell all co-existing in the Sphere of the Gods.



* When Creator/AlanMoore was writing ''Supreme, Youngblood'' and ''Glory'' for Creator/RobLiefeld's Extreme Studios, he invented a system of magic that based on the Kaballistic Tree of Life and could incorporate all religious systems, from Judeo-Christian to Greek, Norse and Egyptian, to whatever EldritchAbomination the writers wanted to create for the story. Although he was never able to use this system in Liefeld's titles, he later incorporated this system in his own title ''ComicBook/{{Promethea}}''.

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* When Creator/AlanMoore was writing ''Supreme, Youngblood'' and ''Glory'' for Creator/RobLiefeld's Extreme Studios, he invented a system of magic that was based on the Kaballistic Tree of Life and could incorporate all religious systems, from Judeo-Christian to Greek, Norse and Egyptian, to whatever EldritchAbomination the writers wanted to create for the story. Although he was never able to use this system in Liefeld's titles, he later incorporated this system in his own title ''ComicBook/{{Promethea}}''.



* The original game lines in the ''TabletopGame/OldWorldOfDarkness'' all had creation myths specific to the supernatural monster they talked about (werewolves, mages, vampires, fairies, mummies, wraiths, demons) which were at times hard to reconcile if not mutually exclusive. Some were specifically Judeo-Christian, others were paganistic or had cosmologies unrelated to either. In some cases they had world views and game mechanics that said all ''other'' supernatural creatures should not exist, or that they ("they" usually being "mages") could do ''anything''... except cure vampirism or lycanthropy.
** It should be noted that Mages could cure vampirism...it just wasn't a good idea. The Paradox backlash from that would, in all likelihood, kill the Mage stone dead. As for lycanthropy, what's to cure? Werewolves are not sick, they've always been werewolves.
** Mage having ClapYourHandsIfYouBelieve as its key principle goes a long way though and combined with some alternate realities link the various game lines fairly well... except the vampires who are sometimes called Cainites and throughly linked with Literature/TheBible for their BackStory to being literally cursed with God. Albeit even that is dissmissable as superstition and most "facts" in the World of Darkness were presented from a specific and unobjective point of view.

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* The original game lines in the ''TabletopGame/OldWorldOfDarkness'' all had have creation myths specific to the supernatural monster they talked about (werewolves, mages, vampires, fairies, mummies, wraiths, demons) which were are at times hard to reconcile if not mutually exclusive. Some were are specifically Judeo-Christian, others were are paganistic or had have cosmologies unrelated to either. In some cases they had have world views and game mechanics that said say all ''other'' supernatural creatures should not exist, or that they ("they" usually being "mages") could can do ''anything''... except cure vampirism or lycanthropy.
** It should be noted that Mages could can cure vampirism...it just wasn't but it's not a good idea. The Paradox backlash from that would, in all likelihood, kill the Mage stone dead. As for lycanthropy, what's to cure? Werewolves are not sick, they've always been werewolves.
** Mage having ClapYourHandsIfYouBelieve as its key principle goes a long way though and combined with some alternate realities link the various game lines fairly well... except the vampires who are sometimes called Cainites and throughly linked with Literature/TheBible for their BackStory to being literally cursed with God. Albeit even that is dissmissable dismissable as superstition and most "facts" in the World of Darkness were presented from a specific and unobjective point of view.



** It is however subverted in ''TabletopGame/MageTheAwakening'' (specifically the {{Sourcebook}} ''Astral Realms'') which has it that while every god ever believed in exists, they only do so in the Temenos (the collective human unconscious) and [[GodsNeedPrayerBadly only have as much power as human regard affords them]]. Thus, a god like Anubis is powerful, though not nearly as powerful as he was, because even if he is not believed in, he is still a relevant cultural symbol. They also possess insights only into human matters (albeit to a great extent) lacking any understand of greater cosmic issues. It's pointed out that ''they'' still believe they are gods, and will not look kindly on any attempt to inform them of their true nature.

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** It is however subverted in ''TabletopGame/MageTheAwakening'' (specifically the {{Sourcebook}} ''Astral Realms'') which has it that while every god ever believed in exists, they only do so in the Temenos (the collective human unconscious) and [[GodsNeedPrayerBadly only have as much power as human regard affords them]]. Thus, a god like Anubis is powerful, though not nearly as powerful as he was, because even if he is not believed in, he is still a relevant cultural symbol. They also possess insights only into human matters (albeit to a great extent) lacking any understand understanding of greater cosmic issues. It's pointed out that ''they'' still believe they are gods, and will not look kindly on any attempt to inform them of their true nature.



* In ''TabletopGame/{{Scion}}'', you play the offspring of a God, and have a whole bunch of different pantheons to choose from (with the Greek, Aztec, Japanese, Egyptian, Norse and Voodoo pantheons in the 1e core, and more in the supplements). Admittedly, they did it in a unified, focused way that makes some sense within the system and world.

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* In ''TabletopGame/{{Scion}}'', you play the offspring of a God, and have a whole bunch of different pantheons to choose from (with the Greek, Aztec, Japanese, Egyptian, Norse and Voodoo pantheons (six in the 1e core, ten in the 2e core, and more in the supplements). Admittedly, they did it in a unified, focused way that makes some sense within the system and world.
7th Aug '16 10:19:01 AM nombretomado
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When taken to the extreme end of the SlidingScaleOfIdealismVersusCynicism it may result in a Cosmology where local deities are weak and irrelevant and {{Eldritch Abomination}}s and [[SealedEvilInACan other ancient nasties]] can and do casually traipse over any local deities' shrines and followers. Even in more optimistic portrayals, one has to wonder at the fairness of a universe that allows [[MarvelUniverse Galactus]], [[TheDCU Darkseid]], [[Anime/TengenToppaGurrenLagann Anti-Spirals]], and [[Film/TheMummyTrilogy Imhotep]] to exist.

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When taken to the extreme end of the SlidingScaleOfIdealismVersusCynicism it may result in a Cosmology where local deities are weak and irrelevant and {{Eldritch Abomination}}s and [[SealedEvilInACan other ancient nasties]] can and do casually traipse over any local deities' shrines and followers. Even in more optimistic portrayals, one has to wonder at the fairness of a universe that allows [[MarvelUniverse Galactus]], [[TheDCU Darkseid]], {{Comicbook/Galactus}}, {{ComicBook/Darkseid}}, [[Anime/TengenToppaGurrenLagann Anti-Spirals]], and [[Film/TheMummyTrilogy Imhotep]] to exist.
7th Aug '16 12:42:49 AM ChrisX
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* ''VideoGame/{{Smite}}'' is a MOBA, featuring gods and creatures from the Chinese, Greco-Roman, Norse, Egyptian, Hindu and Mayan pantheons duking it out in different arenas.

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* ''VideoGame/{{Smite}}'' is a MOBA, featuring gods and creatures from the Chinese, Greco-Roman, Norse, Egyptian, Hindu and Hindu, Mayan and Japanese pantheons duking it out in different arenas.
31st Jul '16 10:02:48 AM nombretomado
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* DCComics (both in TheDCUniverse and VertigoComics, which sometimes overlap and sometimes don't) also has a complicated cosmology, both in itself (with deities from many cultures as well as its own inventions) and DependingOnTheWriter:
** VertigoComics' ''ComicBook/TheSandman'' had Egyptian, Norse, Greek, Shinto, and the Judeo-Christian gods, claiming that they all [[ClapYourHandsIfYouBelieve come from the human subsconscious]] and feed on human belief. The paradoxes created by this are ironed out by the fact that ''everything'' is true; the universe was created by [[DepartmentOfRedundancyDepartment Allah and Yahweh]] ''and'' every ''other'' creator god. To further muddle the waters, The Endless, AnthropomorphicPersonification of fundamental concepts of reality, have more power than entire pantheons - though they can become weaker in a god's place of power. At the same time, the ''Sandman'' milieu is also presented as a henotheistic one in which Lucifer (and, especially, Lucifer's Creator) are depicted as far more powerful than even the Endless.

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* DCComics Creator/DCComics (both in TheDCUniverse Franchise/TheDCUniverse and VertigoComics, Creator/VertigoComics, which sometimes overlap and sometimes don't) also has a complicated cosmology, both in itself (with deities from many cultures as well as its own inventions) and DependingOnTheWriter:
** VertigoComics' ''ComicBook/TheSandman'' had Egyptian, Norse, Greek, Shinto, and the Judeo-Christian gods, claiming that they all [[ClapYourHandsIfYouBelieve come from the human subsconscious]] subconscious]] and feed on human belief. The paradoxes created by this are ironed out by the fact that ''everything'' is true; the universe was created by [[DepartmentOfRedundancyDepartment Allah and Yahweh]] ''and'' every ''other'' creator god. To further muddle the waters, The Endless, AnthropomorphicPersonification of fundamental concepts of reality, have more power than entire pantheons - though they can become weaker in a god's place of power. At the same time, the ''Sandman'' milieu is also presented as a henotheistic one in which Lucifer (and, especially, Lucifer's Creator) are depicted as far more powerful than even the Endless.
29th Jul '16 4:48:45 AM Malitia
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*** Another canon explanation (which is simultaneously the ''oldest'' (originally presented in a Thor annual in the 80s) and most ''modern'' (this is what they seem to use at least since JMS's Thor again)) is that strictly defined gods are dreamed up by people, kept alive by memory (forgotten gods are eaten by the Demogorge aspect of Atum), and run on the stories told about them (do not wax or wane with belief) which become retroactively true. There are exceptions, for example Gaea is an [[EldritchAbomination Elder God]] who fit into ''all'' EarthMother myths so the stories just gravitated towards her and didn't become X+1 separate Earth goddesses. If someone thinks this leads to a cosmology ''running'' on circular reasoning and other logical fallacies, that someone is absolutely correct. In mythical Marvel humanity creating the gods being just as true as any TopGod's claim that they created humanity makes perfect sense.
12th Jul '16 8:52:04 AM DaibhidC
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12th Jul '16 8:51:35 AM DaibhidC
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[[folder: Radio]]
* Parodied in ''Radio/JohnFinnemoresSouvenirProgramme'', in which Helios and Ra get into an argument at an "inter-faith conference" over which of them ''actually'' makes the Sun rise, then Sol gets involved, and they all get annoyed at Jehovah, "You do that as well, right? Just like you do ''everything else''!"
1st Jul '16 6:51:16 AM Quanyails
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* [[VideoGame/{{Smite}} Smite]] is a MOBA, featuring gods and creatures from the Chinese, Greco-Roman, Norse, Egyptian, Hindu and Mayan pantheons duking it out in different arenas.

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* [[VideoGame/{{Smite}} Smite]] ''VideoGame/{{Smite}}'' is a MOBA, featuring gods and creatures from the Chinese, Greco-Roman, Norse, Egyptian, Hindu and Mayan pantheons duking it out in different arenas.
24th Jun '16 12:28:16 AM jormis29
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* ''Music/QueenOfTheWave'', by Music/PepeDeluxe, mixes the Greek story of {{Atlantis}} with the pre-flood history from The Bible. It's stated t

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* ''Music/QueenOfTheWave'', by Music/PepeDeluxe, mixes the Greek story of {{Atlantis}} with the pre-flood history from The Bible. It's stated tthat eating from [[WorldTree the Tree of Knowledge]] in Eden caused mankind to attain the heights of wisdom leading directly to the society of Atlantis. At the end, when Atlantis is destroyed for its transgressions, Nepth and his family escape in an ark with two of every animal (except unicorns, which they simply forgot).
[[/folder]]

[[folder:Mythology[=/=]Real Life]]
* Creator/{{Herodotus}}, some myths, and Creator/{{Euripides}}' play ''Helen'' claim that Helen of Troy was spirited away to Egypt for her safety/out of spite toward Aphrodite and Paris by Athena and Hera, where Amun-Zeus extracted her ''ka'' (Egyptian)/''eidolon'' (Greek) (identical spirit double), which was taken to Troy with Paris unbeknownst to him (so, yes, the entirety of UsefulNotes/TheTrojanWar was fought over a very pretty {{doppelganger}}). The Classical Greeks took care to draw parallels between their chief deity Zeus and the Egyptian god Amun. Being the 5th and 4th centuries BCE, that make this OlderThanFeudalism.
** Also, Io was paralleled with the Egyptian Isis. In some versions of her myth, Zeus restores her to her human form when she reaches Egypt and she is thereafter worshipped by the Egyptians as the goddess Isis.
* Many demons in modern Christian mythology are thought to have originally been the gods of the Hebrews' neighbor cultures, or at the very least were given their names ''by'' Christians. Theologians have debated whether those pagan gods were supposed to be actual entities who were demons all along or whether Christians simply applied the names of those gods ''to'' demons. If the latter is the case, then it likely stemmed from efforts by Christians to further discourage people from assuming that paganism held any real weight.
** Also, the appearance of TheDevil and by proxy his demons were appropriated from the Greek god Pan. This is more out of a necessity for a concrete appearance for Satan than anything -- Literature/TheBible is rather scarce on physical descriptions of the Prince of Darkness aside from Revelation, whose descriptions were more symbolic than literal anyway ([[OurMonstersAreWeird and at least one description of Satan is WAY too weird to be practically illustrated at that]]).
** This can get quite amusing in that some of the highest Angels and Saint's names come from El, the head of the Canaanite pantheon (i.e. Michael, Gabriel). On a similar note, Ba'al was also a god, before being used in one of the names of the devil (Beelzebub, Lord of the Flies).
*** Not quite. The word "El" meant "god" in the languages of both the Hebrews and the Canaanites. One of the names used for God in the Old Testament, Elohim, is a grammatical variation of it. From a historical perspective the God of Israel and El of the Canaanites can even be considered local variations of the same god. When the Hebrews were polytheistic their three greatest gods were El(ohim), Yahweh and Baal, but once they turned to monotheism El and Yahweh were seen as two interpretations of the same one god while Baal was demonized for his association with Canaan. To make things more complex; this Hebrew Polytheism may itself be an CrossoverCosmology as the Judean Yahweh can be considered from a different mythological background then the Canaanite-Israeli El and Baal.
* The Early Christian Church actively encouraged its missionary Bishops to take pagan holidays and gods and reinterprate them as 'actually Christian holidays' or 'actually Christian saints'. This is how we ended up with holidays like Halloween (originally Samhain) and a December Christmas (cobbled together from such traditions as Yule, Saturnalia and the Mithraic Tauroctany) and saints like Saint Bridgette (originally a celtic goddess of childbirth).
* In the ancient world (aside from the Hebrews -- see above), honoring another nation's deities was considered a friendly gesture. Cyrus of Persia, for example, paid homage to Marduk, a Babylonian god, while allowing the Jews to rebuild a temple to their own god.
* The Hare Krishna movement believes the Judeo-Christian {{God}} and the Hindu god Krishna to be the same entity.
* In both China and Japan the people have no problem accepting both the native pantheons and Buddhism.
* The Jews have incorporated a lot of elements from the Saturnalia into Hanukkah, and started claiming all the Solstice holidays of different nations come from an ancient holiday first celebrated by Adam.
* This trope was the default worldview for many ancient societies, who thought of their gods as bound to certain locations or groups. Venturing into foreign territory brought one under the dominion of that nation's gods, and one's own might not have any power depending on one's whereabouts. Wars were also seen as proxies for the battles between two patron deities. The Bible is chock full of this. The plagues of Egypt are meant to represent YHWH pwning the Egyptian gods. Same thing with the Israelites and the Philistines/YHWH and Dagon. Likewise, the "bronze sea" (a giant basin) in the Jerusalem Temple was meant to signify YHWH's defeat of Yam, the Caananite god of seas and primal chaos. Deuteronomy 32 speaks of 70 nations each being assigned a patron god from the Caananite pantheon, with YHWH being assigned to Israel.
[[/folder]]

[[folder:Newspaper Comics]]
* In ''ComicStrip/FrankAndErnest'', an angel once told the GrandpaGod:
-->''Without form and void -- how Zen!''
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[[folder:Role Playing Games]]
* The original game lines in the ''TabletopGame/OldWorldOfDarkness'' all had creation myths specific to the supernatural monster they talked about (werewolves, mages, vampires, fairies, mummies, wraiths, demons) which were at times hard to reconcile if not mutually exclusive. Some were specifically Judeo-Christian, others were paganistic or had cosmologies unrelated to either. In some cases they had world views and game mechanics that said all ''other'' supernatural creatures should not exist, or that they ("they" usually being "mages") could do ''anything''... except cure vampirism or lycanthropy.
** It should be noted that Mages could cure vampirism...it just wasn't a good idea. The Paradox backlash from that would, in all likelihood, kill the Mage stone dead. As for lycanthropy, what's to cure? Werewolves are not sick, they've always been werewolves.
** Mage having ClapYourHandsIfYouBelieve as its key principle goes a long way though and combined with some alternate realities link the various game lines fairly well... except the vampires who are sometimes called Cainites and throughly linked with Literature/TheBible for their BackStory to being literally cursed with God. Albeit even that is dissmissable as superstition and most "facts" in the World of Darkness were presented from a specific and unobjective point of view.
** The ''TabletopGame/NewWorldOfDarkness'' is even more inconsistent, the werewolf and mage backstories being particularly extreme in their incompatibility. Therefore, it cheerfully (as cheerfully as the [=WoD=] gets, anyway) ignores this fact. They even [[LampshadeHanging lampshade]] the problem in the ''Changeling'' book, which contains an "Arcadia" which is a truly nasty place; the discussion of this mentions that no one knows whether it's the same "Arcadia" that Acanthus mages use to get their power. Mostly it waves this away by presenting these as mythologies which may well not be perfectly true.
*** It turns out, in the end, that the werewolf and mage backstories aren't referring to the same event (the assumption of which caused the seeming incompatability). The mage backstory [[CosmicRetcon happened, but never took place in this version of reality]], while the werewolf backstory took place sometime around the Neolithic.
** It is however subverted in ''TabletopGame/MageTheAwakening'' (specifically the {{Sourcebook}} ''Astral Realms'') which has it that while every god ever believed in exists, they only do so in the Temenos (the collective human unconscious) and [[GodsNeedPrayerBadly only have as much power as human regard affords them]]. Thus, a god like Anubis is powerful, though not nearly as powerful as he was, because even if he is not believed in, he is still a relevant cultural symbol. They also possess insights only into human matters (albeit to a great extent) lacking any understand of greater cosmic issues. It's pointed out that ''they'' still believe they are gods, and will not look kindly on any attempt to inform them of their true nature.
** The storyline stuff in each of the gamebooks and sourcebooks should be considered [[UnreliableNarrator untrustworthy]] as every book in the series seems to be strongly based on the viewpoints of the group that it is about. Which is why references to the same group in two different sourcebooks can be completely contradictory.
** Though it's not ''technically'' a White Wolf game, the fangame TabletopGame/{{Genius The Transgression}} also adds yet ANOTHER flavour to the mix, with [[ScienceRelatedMemeticDisorder geniuses]] being more than capable of faking deities, and having [[MultipleChoicePast several, mutually contradictory]] beings of power, both [[TimeTravel past and future]]. Also, on a more mundane scale, they have a conspiracy that overlaps and contradicts a conspiracy from TabletopGame/{{Mage The Awakening}}, with both groups having once controlled much of the world. It simply says that the two grups ignore each other, and that it is ''curious''.
* In ''TabletopGame/{{Scion}}'', you play the offspring of a God, and have a whole bunch of different pantheons to choose from (with the Greek, Aztec, Japanese, Egyptian, Norse and Voodoo pantheons in the 1e core, and more in the supplements). Admittedly, they did it in a unified, focused way that makes some sense within the system and world.
* ''TabletopGame/DungeonsAndDragons''
** Several D&D supplements, such as ''Complete Priest's Handbook'' or the various editions of ''Deities & Demigods'', discuss methods of integrating different historical pantheons into a campaign world. Options range from ruling that different pantheons' deities are inherently blind to one another's existence, to saying that all deities are part of the same mega-pantheon, with regional pantheons simply omitting gods who are less popular locally.
** And then there's TabletopGame/{{Spelljammer}}, TabletopGame/{{Planescape}}, and TabletopGame/{{Ravenloft}}, which are basically Crossover Cosmologies for nearly every one of the various ''TabletopGame/DungeonsAndDragons'' settings. Spelljammer especially, with characters visiting [[TabletopGame/ForgottenRealms Realmspace]], [[TabletopGame/{{Greyhawk}} Greyspace]], [[TabletopGame/{{Dragonlance}} Krynnspace]] and many other Crystal Spheres in between.
*** While most canonic (TabletopGame/{{Planescape}}) meta-mythology involves hundreds upon hundreds of deities of many pantheons interlinked in alliances or eternal cold wars, it also has things like the sacred pool of beauty being in shared ownership of several beauty/love goddesses (including Aphrodite) who as embodiments of different ideals pass their free time practicing friendly rivalry. Because why not? The smaller mortals like "high and mighty" [=PCs=] will feel, the better!
* In ''TabletopGame/{{Rifts}}'' Earth, the mythological Pantheons each ruled directly over the civilizations that worshipped them, and clashes between the civilizations often included clashes between the Gods themselves. Most of them left the Earth a long time ago, but are starting to turn their eyes back towards their old territories, and the world at large... Except for the Egyptian gods, who are busy being the most powerful pantheon of a MedievalEuropeanFantasy world.
* In TabletopGame/{{Warhammer 40000}}, there's some theories put forth InUniverse that the "old beliefs" of gods, angels, demons, etc. were either outright fabrications or simply ancient proto-psykers getting glimpses into the Warp. Then of course there's the theory that the Immortal Emperor "popped up" now and again throughout history as particularly influential people.. Jesus, King Arthur and the like, but always either a great warrior or great philosopher (or both!)
[[/folder]]

[[folder:Video Games]]
* ''VideoGame/AgeOfMythology'' combines Greek, Egyptian, and Norse myths into a single setting. In general, characters only worship their own gods while showing some deference to ones they don't worship.
** The expansions ''Titans'' included the Atlantean which is the pre-Olympian Greek Titans like Kronos and Gaia and ''Tales of the Dragon'' which included the Chinese myth.
* Since even the most basic of random monsters in the Franchise/ShinMegamiTensei universe are taken from some mythology or other, it ultimately ends up with a cast numbering in the THOUSANDS, taken from everywhere and anywhere. Inclusions range from most of the Norse, Egyptian, Roman and Chinese pantheons, to Zoroastrian gods, patron spirits of obscure, African tribes, minor demons and angels from Catholic apocrypha, and even a variety of anthropomorphic personifications. [[EverythingTryingToKillYou And most of them don't like you much, either]].
** You can help them grow to like you, if you can convince them to [[{{Mon}} aid you]].
*** There are a couple of demons around (not counting Yamaoka from VideoGame/{{Persona}}) who don't come from any mythology: [[CreepyChild Ali]][[OriginalGeneration ce]], Ghost Q, David, Matador, Daisoujou and Hell Biker amongst them. And even then, most of them have legit backgrounds that justify their appearance; for instance, there's an urban legend in which a girl named Alice dies and looks for children whose souls she can take to be her playmates. This is exactly what she does in ShinMegamiTenseiI. It doesn't help that she's an AliceAllusion.
* ''VideoGame/WorldOfWarcraft'''s pantheon contains [[{{Expy}} expies]] of the CthulhuMythos, Greco-Roman, Norse, Voodoo and {{Mayincatec}} gods, as well as Native American beliefs, the [[ElementalRockPaperScissors elemental]] lords and the dragon aspects. In addition, the original Warcraft game referred to the Judeo-Christian God, but that was {{retcon}}nned later into the more vague "Light". The [[CrystalDragonJesus Naaru]] were later introduced as the physical manifestations of the Light.
* The ''VideoGame/GodOfWar'' games have included Efreet, which are of Arabic myths, and Manticores, which are of Persian myths.
* Arguably, an underlying theme throughout the Elder Scrolls series is that different, contradictory mythologies are all simultaneously true. There were some seven different endings for ''[[VideoGame/TheElderScrollsIIDaggerfall Daggerfall]]'' depending upon the final decision of the player; the succeeding games describe all the possible endings having occurred, despite the contradictions involved.
** Most religion in TES games seems to involve arguments about whose gods are actually gods, and which ones exist at all. Daedra are mostly seen as evil and equivalent to demons, but they're mostly shown as embodying a specific aspect rather than being either good or evil. There are also the Aedra, who are generally seen as good but don't seem to be objectively different from the Daedra in any way. Then there are the Nine Divines, except that non-humans tend to believe there are only eight of them and as of Skyrim, worship of Talos (a human and the first emperor who was previously believed to have become the ninth) has been banned entirely. The Orcish deity may or may not be a Daedra lord depending on who you ask. Traditional Dunmer worship their ancestors, but Imperial culture classes this as necromancy and tends to shun or ban it outright. More recently the Dunmer had mortals become PhysicalGods, who were no more than tolerated as a religion by other cultures. As of Morrowind and its expansions, at least three out of the four are dead anyway.
** TES games also include quite a few bits of different real world mythologies. Bloodmoon and Skyrim have various aspects of Norse mythology, Redguards vary between Arabian and more eastern, Bretons are usually portrayed with a Celtic look, and Imperials are a cross between the Roman and British empires. In addition, many of the monsters are based on various bits of folklore - most prominently vampires and werewolves.
* The nations of ''VideoGame/{{Dominions}}'' draw from a number of real-world mythologies and historical nations, with some modern fantasy (e.g. Franchise/ConanTheBarbarian, Creator/HPLovecraft) mixed in. The game designer is a social sciences and religion teacher, [[ShownTheirWork and it shows]].
* [[VideoGame/{{Smite}} Smite]] is a MOBA, featuring gods and creatures from the Chinese, Greco-Roman, Norse, Egyptian, Hindu and Mayan pantheons duking it out in different arenas.

[[/folder]]

[[folder:Web Comics]]
* ''Webcomic/HighSchoolOfTheGods'' operates on the premise that the deities of Greek, Egyptian and Norse mythology are students at the same high school (with [[{{Voudoun}} Baron Samedi]] as guidance counselor), in the guise of human beings, and to a degree, each of the pantheons represents a different high school clique (the Egyptians being the goth and theater kids, the Norse being the preppy jocks, and the Greeks being the fun loving party animals).
* ''Webcomic/GunnerkriggCourt'' mixes Myth/NativeAmericanMythology (Muut, Coyote, Glass-Eyed Men), French folklore (Renard and Ysengrin), Myth/NorseMythology (Brynhildr appears briefly and she mentions "the old man" Odin), Myth/ChineseMythology (Chang'e), Myth/GreekMythology (''that'' Minotaur), a wide variety of {{psychopomp}}s and ghosts, fairies and golems.
* To a lesser (namely because of the updating schedule) extent, ''Webcomic/DresdenCodak''. The Codakverse possesses, amongst other things, Egyptian gods and Toltec gods and a regular FantasyKitchenSink of other absurdities.
* There are characters in the ''Webcomic/DeviantUniverse'' linked to real life and fictional cosmologies that all live under the same roof.
* A plot point in ''Webcomic/TheOrderOfTheStick'', where the arguments between the different Pantheons, namely the Northern gods (based on the gods of Myth/NorseMythology), the Southern gods (based on the animals of the Chinese Zodiac), the Western gods (based on the Babylonian pantheon), and the Eastern gods (based on the gods of Myth/GreekMythology), who accidentally caused the [[EldritchAbomination Snarl]], which wiped out the Eastern ones.
* ''Webcomic/KoanOfTheDay'' mixes Buddhism, Ancient Greek philosophy, Christian morality, and language games to create a zenthesis.
* [[LampshadeHanging Lampshaded]] in [[http://nonadventures.com/2006/12/25/jesus-christ-super-hero-part-2/ this]] strip of ''Webcomic/TheNonAdventuresOfWonderella''.
* ''Webcomic/TheGodsOfArrKelaan'' has several pantheons existing together, though to be fair, many of those pantheons were actually the same gods.
* This is subverted in ''Webcomic/WapsiSquare''. Rather early on, we are introduced to characters who seem to be deities and mythical figures from various cosmologies, but they are all actually remnants of an ancient civilization older than the cosmology in question. One character in particular played the role of multiple deities herself.
* ''Webcomic/{{Sinfest}}'' has God, Jesus and Satan coexiting with Buddha and The Chinese Dragon ([[InterfaithSmoothie an embodiment of all the East Asian religions]]). Also one character claims to be a shaman and exhibits at least some supernatural powers when in a drugged state.
* Technically ''Webcomic/{{Roommates}}'' is a MegaCrossover between, with a little bit of exaggeration, ''all fiction in existence ever'' which tends to run on ClapYourHandsIfYouBelieve and also has a pretty loose definition of ''fiction''. So there are angels, demons and {{God}} (ala Literature/GoodOmens and {{Film/Dogma}}), TheFairFolk (from Scandinavian folklore, a Goethe poem, and a Jim Henson movie amongst others), {{Anthropomorphic Personification}}s (thanks to the works of Creator/TerryPratchett and Creator/NeilGaiman, ''Film/MoulinRouge'' etc. there are at least 3 deaths running around), Norse gods (courtesy to Marvel and the [[Myth/NorseMythology original myths]]) etc.):
-->'''[[WordOfGod Ashe]]''': [[http://comments.deviantart.com/1/333735325/2794697784 In the 'verse, apparently, myths don't die as much as retire to the countryside and start messing with more modern literature setups]]...
* The Brazilian webcomic ''[[http://www.umsabadoqualquer.com/ Once Upon a Saturday]]''[[note]]The link is to the main page with the strips in Portuguese, but there are English versions available from there[[/note]] centers around the Abrahamic God with humorous takes on Catholicism, Biblical passages, a possible view of humans through God's eyes and so on, but other gods also make frequent appearances, most often as God's drinking buddies (notably, Zeus is a sort of frenemy to God, sometimes shown as being resentful that the latter took his place as humanity's most revered deity, but they get along rather well). Also, one of the most notable short stories depicts Thor, Hercules and Jesus playing RPG, after a fashion: they take on real creatures (by definition), but Jesus, being the SquishyWizard of the party (he's a pacifist after all) only hangs back to heal the other two when they need.
** Don't forget the Great White Potato.
[[/folder]]

[[folder:Web Original]]
* In the ''WhateleyUniverse'', an awful lot of cosmologies seem to be there. Great Old Ones have been banished from this realm, by the ancient Sidhe (who were shredded in that war). One mutant has been given religious powers by a sacred ring of the Catholic Church, and when she heals people she spends several seconds in Hell, being [[ColdBloodedTorture tortured]] by Satan (or someone who says he's Satan). There are demons and devils, which are actually different kinds of entities. The Tao is actively working in mysterious ways, partly through one of the protagonists and her mentor figures. Certain students at Whateley Academy are playing hosts to some of the obligatory Greek gods (WordOfGod has confirmed this, although the original author of their backstory hasn't been heard from in some years), there's a catgirl-paladin of Bast (in her capacity as a Lovecraft-inspired Elder Goddess, though the link to Egypt is bound to still be there) and ''the'' Circe is one of the Mystic Arts instructors at the school.
* [[http://www.fictionpress.com/s/2581873/1/Koukon_Bridge Koukon Bridge]] features many Gods and Goddesses from various pantheons, including Greek, Japanese, Norse, Native American, and Egyptian.
* ''Literature/BeyondTheImpossible''. In addition to the Greek gods, Egyptian and Sumerian pantheons are confirmed to be real, but according to Vesta the Norse Gods donít exist. Ulysses mentions a theory about the Drylon creating gods as slaves, which would make it a case of OneMythToExplainThemAll.
[[/folder]]

[[folder:Western Animation]]
* The animated Disney ''Disney/{{Hercules}}'' [[RecycledTheSeries series]] frequently crosses over Greek mythology with others (especially Norse mythology); Zeus and Hera have dinner dates with Odin fairly often, Hercules stands in for Thor (''right before'' Ragnarok is put into motion, unfortunately for ''everyone'') and the three Fates also serve as Urd, Skuld and Verdandi. One episode depicts the foundation of Rome, which included the Romans selecting a pantheon of gods for worship: the first gods that show up are Egyptian, and when the Romans decide to worship the Greek pantheon, they also decide to call them by their own names.
* In ''WesternAnimation/{{Gargoyles}}'', most mythical monsters and gods turn out to be real and either based on Gargoyles, or on the Children of Oberon. In addition, the New Olympians are an island of creatures from Greek myths descended from Echidna.
* ''WesternAnimation/FamilyGuy'' showed Peter thank Jesus, who is then seen to state that it wasn't him, only for ''Vishnu'' to come up and quietly state that he is used to it.
** Jesus and Vishnu also appeared in Seth [=MacFarlane=]'s Comedy Cavalcade, in which Jesus boasted that Vishnu didn't have a birthday as celebrated as his (Christmas).
* ''WesternAnimation/TheSimpsons'' has done similar gags; God and Jesus Christ are real beings, but Vishnu sits at the center of the Earth, Buddha also dwells in heaven, Col. Sanders sits at the Lord's right hand tossing popcorn chicken into His mouth, and ''WesternAnimation/SpongeBobSquarePants'' is an apparently manic deity.
* ''WesternAnimation/SamuraiJack'' has featured appearances of members of the Egyptian (Horus), Norse (Odin) and Hindu (Indra) pantheons although it's hinted that they might be SufficientlyAdvancedAliens. While the three deities in question charged his sword with its power it was forged by what look like Buddhist bhodisatvas (saint). Also the BigBad [[spoiler: is the outgrowth of a remnant of a monster that looked an awful lot like Azathoth.]]
* ''WesternAnimation/SouthPark'' has {{Jesus}} refer to his Chinese younger brother, an obscure [[ShoutOut/WesternAnimation Shout Out]] to the instigator of the Taiping Rebellion, who claimed this relationship for himself.
** There's also the Super Best Friends, whose ranks include Jesus, Buddha, Krishna, Joseph Smith, and Muhammad.
*** [[AndZoidberg Don't forget Sea-Man!]]
* ''WesternAnimation/SuperJail'': the episode "Ghosts" features the afterlife with all the spirits of the deceased inmates, shows that Superjail was once a site for [[{{Mayincatec}} Mayan]] human sacrifices, has a witch doctor inmate who performs a ritual on the Warden, and in the end all the dead inmates and sacrificed people are being reincarnated by Hindu deities into flowers, insects and blades of grass. Phew!
* ''WesternAnimation/TheSuperheroSquadShow'': [[Myth/GreekMythology Zeus]] and [[Myth/NorseMythology Odin]] are rivals.
[[/folder]]

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