YMMV / Candide

  • Shallow Parody: Voltaire never claimed Pangloss to be an accurate portrayal of Leibniz's optimism, and indeed part of the comedy is that Pangloss's optimism is a ridiculous caricature. Martin, however, is a straight example. He's called a "Manichean" scholar, but his only philosophy is extreme, absolute pessimism. Actual Manicheanism was a dualistic religion: it didn't consider the world as perfectly under God's dominion as popular European Christianity did, but rather as engaged in a perpetual struggle between good and evil that would be decided at the end of time.
  • Some Anvils Need to Be Dropped: We don't live in a perfect world, and pretending that we do is foolish.
  • Too Cool to Live: Played bitterly with James the Anabaptist. James is put in stark contrast with the various religious hypocrites around him and treats Candide and Pangloss with kindness and dignity... after which he is unceremoniously blown overboard in a storm and drowned. Then Pangloss argues that the storm exists to drown the Protestant heretic.