[[caption-width-right:236:From left to right:\\
Art Garfunkel and Music/PaulSimon.]]

->''"Hello darkness, my old friend\\
I've come to talk with you again\\
Because a vision softly creeping\\
Left its seeds while I was sleeping\\
And the vision that was planted in my brain\\
Still remains within the sound of silence."''
-->-- "The Sound of Silence"

Music/PaulSimon and Art Garfunkel (both born 1941) first came together in 1957 under the name Tom & Jerry, but rose to fame as Simon & Garfunkel almost ten years later, mostly due to their hit "The Sound of Silence" (1965). Both men were childhood friends growing up in [[UsefulNotes/NewYorkCity Queens, New York]] a few blocks away from each other.

With the release of "The Sounds of Silence", Simon & Garfunkel became one of the {{Trope Codifier}}s of folk-rock alongside Music/TheByrds. The song was also their first hit on the pop charts, reaching the number one spot on New Year's Day in 1966. Subsequent hits included "I Am a Rock", "Homeward Bound", and "Scarborough Fair/Canticle", which combined the English folk ballad "Scarborough Fair" with an anti-war poem sung in counterpoint, Later, their fame took an ever bigger boost when their music was used in the film ''Film/TheGraduate'', which not only included their older songs (which was rare at that time for film) but also new material like "Mrs. Robinson."

The duo split up following the release of their album ''Music/BridgeOverTroubledWater'' in 1970. Simon went on to experience a BreakupBreakout and a successful solo career, while Garfunkel is still best known for his efforts with the duo, although he's also known for singing the ThemeSong of ''Film/WatershipDown'' and for his acting roles in such films as ''Film/CatchTwentyTwo'', ''Film/CarnalKnowledge'', and ''Film/BadTiming'' (while Paul Simon appeared in ''Film/AnnieHall'' and ''Film/OneTrickPony''). They have reunited (and broken up again) several times over the years. Most famously, they came together for a 1981 free concert in Central Park, which drew a crowd of over half a million.

!!Principal Members (Founding members in '''bold'''):

* '''Art Garfunkel''' - lead vocals, piano (1957–1965, 1966–1970, 1975, 1981–1983, 1993, 2003–2004, 2009–2010)
* '''Music/PaulSimon''' - lead vocals, guitar (1957–1965, 1966–1970, 1975, 1981–83, 1993, 2003–2004, 2009–2010)

!!Studio and Live Discography:

* 1964 - ''Wednesday Morning, 3 AM''
* 1966 - ''Sounds of Silence''
* 1966 - ''Parsley, Sage, Rosemary and Thyme''
* 1968 - ''The Graduate''
* 1968 - ''Bookends''
* 1970 - ''Music/BridgeOverTroubledWater''
* 1982 - ''The Concert in Central Park''
* 2002 - ''Live from New York City, 1967''
* 2004 - ''Old Friends: Live on Stage''
* 2008 - ''Live 1969''

!!They/Their work feature examples of:

* AccentUponTheWrongSyllable: "The Sound of Silence"'s first verse features "Because a vision softlyY creepING left its seeds while I waAS sleepING". In fact, the emphasis for that part in nearly every verse is wrong.
* AerithAndBob.
* AlbumTitleDrop: ''Parsley, Sage, Rosemary, and Thyme''. A bit of an inversion, as the title comes from the lyric itself (the lyric being from the traditional song "Scarborough Fair").
** From "Old Friends": "Old friends / Sat on a park bench like ''bookends''."[[note]]Well, one song is ''titled'' "Bookends".[[/note]]
* AllAreEqualInDeath: The ending of "Sparrow".
* AmericanTitle: "America"
* AndNowForSomeoneCompletelyDifferent: "Voices of Old People", which precedes "Old Friends", consists of RealLife interviews from residents in a Jewish old age home.
* AntiChristmasSong: "Seven O' Clock News/Silent Night"
* BeforeMyTime: "A Simple Desultory Philippic":
-->When you say [[Music/BobDylan Dylan]], he thinks you're talking about Creator/DylanThomas\\
Whoever he was\\
[[HypocriticalHumor The man ain't got no culture]]
* BigApplesauce: "Bleecker Street", "The Only Living Boy in New York", "The 59th Street Bridge Song", and their triumphant 1981 live album, ''The Concert in Central Park''
* BigGuyLittleGuy: Garfunkel (standing at 1.83m or 6 feet tall) towered over Paul Simon (1.6m/5'2") in height.
* BlahBlahBlah: In "Save the Life of My Child":
-->A patrol car passing by halted to a stop\\
Said Officer [=MacDougal=] in dismay,\\
"The force can't do a decent job\\
'Cause the kids got no respect for the law today" \\
''(Art then sings in bored tone)'' and blah blah blah...
* BookEnds: The aptly-named pair of "Bookends Theme" songs on the aptly-named ''Bookends'' album [[DepartmentOfRedundancyDepartment aptly bookend]] the A-side of the album.
* BSODSong: "Patterns"
* CallBack: "Save the Life of My Child" off of ''Bookends'' has a sample from "The Sounds of Silence".
* CentralTheme: Nearly all of their songs involve an inability to communicate. Some overt, some subtle. Becomes HarsherInHindsight when they broke up.
* ChangedForTheVideo: When they performed "The Boxer" live for their 1981 concert in Central Park, the song has an entire verse (starting with "Now the years are rolling by me/They are rocking evenly") that is absent from the original version of the song as recorded on ''Music/BridgeOverTroubledWater''. On the album, that part of the song is an instrumental break.
* ChristmasSongs: In 1967 they recorded two carols ("The Star Carol" and "Comfort and Joy") for a planned Christmas single. It was never released, though the A-side turned up on a couple of multi-artist Christmas compilations and both songs were eventually included in the ''Old Friends'' box set.
** Also, their rendition of "Go Tell It on the Mountain" from the first album. And, of course, "Seven O'Clock News/Silent Night".
* ConceptAlbum: Much of ''Bookends'' is tied together with the themes of aging and decaying love. [[BreathlessNonSequitur Also, it has that song from]] ''Film/TheGraduate'' on it.
* DyingTown: "My Little Town"
* DrivenToSuicide: The subjects of the songs "Richard Cory" and "A Most Peculiar Man".
* EitherOrTitle: "A Simple Desultory Philippic (or How I Was [[PersonAsVerb Robert McNamara'd]] Into Submission)"
* FolkMusic: More so on their earlier material.
* AFriendInNeed / YouAreNotAlone: "Bridge Over Troubled Water"
--> I'm on your side/When times get rough/And friends just can't be found
* GettingCrapPastTheRadar:
** In "A Simple Desultory Phillippic":
---> I been Creator/{{Ayn Rand}}ed, nearly branded\\
[[RedScare Communist]], 'cause I'm left-handed\\
That's the hand I use... [[ADateWithRosiePalms well, never mind]].
** Some interpret the TravelingSalesman of "Keep the Customer Satisfied" as being a drug dealer.
* GreatestHitsAlbum: They've had several. The first of them, released in 1972, is notable for its inclusion of live versions of "Homeward Bound" and a couple other songs in place of the studio originals.
* TheHermit: "I Am a Rock", "A Most Peculiar Man"
* HeterosexualLifePartners: This is most notably expressed in "The Only Living Boy in New York" which is basically about Paul missing Art (the "Tom" in the song; in the early days when they performed as "Tom and Jerry," Art was "Tom") when the latter went to Mexico to film ''Film/CatchTwentyTwo''.
* HypocriticalHumor: "A Simple Desultory Phillipic"
-->He's so unhip that when you say "[[Music/BobDylan Dylan]],"\\
He thinks you're talking about Creator/DylanThomas (whoever he was).\\
[[{{Joisey}} The man ain't got no cultcha.]]
* IAmSong: "I Am a Rock"
* IJustWantToBeYou: ''"Oh, I wish that I could be Richard Cory."''
* ImagineSpot:
** "Fakin' It"
--->Prior to this lifetime\\
I surely was a tailor\\
Look at me:\\
(“Good morning, Mr. Leitch! Have you had a busy day?”)
** All of the next song, "Punky's Dilemna", where the singer fantasizes himself and other things as objects.
* InTheStyleOf: Their early recordings as Tom and Jerry were a inspired by Music/TheEverlyBrothers' sound (whose song "Bye Bye Love" was covered on the ''Bridge Over Troubled Water'' album).
* IntercourseWithYou: "Cecilia" (going by a strictly literal interpretation of the song), "Baby Driver"
* LastNoteNightmare: "Richard Cory" features this with a stinger just before the final chorus, sure to startle.
-->''He freely gave to charity, he had the common touch''\\
''And they were grateful for his patronage, and they thanked him very much''\\
''So my mind was filled with wonder when the evening headlines read:''\\
''[[spoiler:Richard Cory went home last night and put a bullet through his head]].''
** The lyric then continues with
--->''[[spoiler:And I wish that I could be, yes I wish that I could be, Oh I wish that I could be Richard Cory.]]'' Of course, this was adapted from the poem by Edwin Arlington Robinson, which ended basically with the spoiled line.
** Their ''Bookends'' album has a First Note Nightmare at the start of "Save The Life of My Child", the second track of the album; made more jarring by the fact that the prelude was so gentle and puts the listener in a relaxed state of mind...and then WHAM.
* LaughingMad: The end of "Cecilia", the singer's equivalent of throwing up his hands and giving in.
* LesserStar: Former TropeNamer. Art Garfunkel has been characterized as the junior partner in the duo, and there is truth in that, as Simon sang, played guitar, and wrote all the music, while Garfunkel only sang. For many fans, that was enough because Garfunkel was by far the more talented vocalist. As such, Garfunkel had a big hand in the vocal arrangements, and helped create the close harmonies that were one of the group's calling cards. One way to observe what Garfunkel brought to the act is to listen to ''The Concert in Central Park'' and pay attention to the Paul Simon solo tunes sung by the duo: "Me and Julio Down by the Schoolyard", "American Tune", "Late in the Evening", "Slip Slidin' Away", and "Kodachrome". The sound of the Simon and Garfunkel performances is very different from the original Paul Simon versions.
* LiveAlbum: ''The Concert in Central Park'', and the archival releases ''Live from New York City, 1967'' and ''Live 1969''.
* LocationSong: "America"
--> ''Counting the cars''
--> ''On the New Jersey Turnpike''
--> ''They've all come''
--> ''To look for America,''
--> ''All come to look for America,''
--> ''All come to look for America.''
* LonelyAtTheTop: "Richard Cory"
* LonersAreFreaks: {{Deconstructed}} in "A Most Peculiar Man"
* LyricalDissonance: "I Am A Rock", "The Sun Is Burning"
* NameAndName
* NeverBeHurtAgain: "I Am a Rock" describes the feelings of someone who doesn't want to love any more because they were hurt by it once.
-->Don't talk of love\\
Well, I've heard the word before\\
It's sleeping in my memory\\
I won't disturb the slumber of feelings that have died\\
If I never loved I never would have cried
* NewSoundAlbum: Their debut, ''Wednesday Morning, 3 AM'', had more of a traditional acoustic folk sound; the second album, ''Sounds of Silence'', was where they shifted to more of a rock instrumentation and approach. The former album even had "The Sounds of Silence" in its original folk-style arrangement, whilst the latter introduced the familiar folk-rock version.
* NotStayingForBreakfast: "Wednesday Morning, 3 AM"
* ObsessionSong: "Why Don't You Write Me", complete with a threat of suicide near the end.
* OneWomanSong: "Mrs. Robinson", "Cecilia", "Kathy's Song", "For Emily, Whenever I May Find Her"
* PuttingTheBandBackTogether: More than once. The duo reunited for a single song, "My Little Town", in 1975. In 1981 they came together for a free concert in Central Park, New York City, which drew a crowd of over 500,000 people. This led to a world tour and their first new album in over a decade--until Simon mixed Garfunkel's vocals out of the album completely and released it as a Paul Simon solo album titled ''Hearts and Bones''. In the 1990s the duo toured together briefly, and in the 2000s they reunited again and toured extensively.
* RefrainFromAssuming: "Feeling Groovy" is actually "The 59th Street Bridge Song," but few people remember that.
* RepurposedPopSong: "The Sounds of Silence" was used during the film adaptation of ''Film/{{Watchmen}}''. It is also the opening song for ''Film/TheGraduate'', which also uses "Scarborough Fair/Canticle" several times.
** "At the Zoo" was used for advertisements for the Bronx Zoo and the San Francisco Zoo in the late 1970s, though this may overlap with "IsntItIronic" due to the song being more of an allegory for human nature. However, Music/PaulSimon himself later re-purposed the song in the form of [[http://www.amazon.com/AT-ZOO-Books-Young-Readers/dp/0385417713 a children's book with the same title]].
** "Bookends" was used as a New Year's Eve song for a while by networks, reminiscing about the past year in a montage.
* RiddleForTheAges: The four letter word written in crayon on the subway wall in "A Poem on the Underground Wall". WildMassGuessing has ensued on that, ranging from "LOVE" to "FUCK". Garfunkel's concert intro for the song implied it was the latter (it was inspired by graffiti they saw in the subway while shooting the cover photo for ''Wednesday Morning, 3 AM'').
* RippedFromTheHeadlines: Paul Simon wrote "A Most Peculiar Man" after reading a notice in a London newspaper about a suicide.
* {{Rockumentary}}: ''Simon and Garfunkel: Songs of America'' is a rather unique television special that aired on CBS in 1969. Much of the special is a fairly conventional rockumentary featuring interviews with the duo, footage of the duo working in the studio, and film from the 1969 tour. This portion includes {{Early Bird Cameo}}s of "The Boxer", "Bridge Over Troubled Water", and "So Long, Frank Lloyd Wright". The rest of the film is a series of montages of the social and historical upheavals of TheSixties (civil rights protest, Robert Kennedy's funeral train, etc), with Simon and Garfunkel songs as the musical accompaniment.
* RuleOfSymbolism: A lot of it. For example, any time a betrayal is implied, thirty pieces of silver (or dollars) is referenced.
* SafetyInIndifference: "I Am a Rock" is all about this.
-->I've built walls,\\
A fortress deep and mighty,\\
That none may penetrate.\\
I have no need of friendship; friendship causes pain.\\
Its laughter and its loving I disdain.
* SarcasmMode / SelfDeprecation: At the end of "A Simple Desultory Philippic", Paul Simon sarcastically says, "Folk rock" and [[MicDrop drops the harmonica]].
* {{Scatting}}: "The Boxer" and its "Lie la lie" chorus.
* SingleStanzaSong: "Bookends"
* SocietyMarchesOn: "Seven O'Clock News/Silent Night" in particular. Gee, Creator/LennyBruce died this year?
* SoundtrackDissonance: "Seven O'Clock News/Silent Night". ''Big'' time.
* SomethingCompletelyDifferent: On ''Bridge Over Troubled Water'', "Baby Driver" (a silly little IntercourseWithYou song in great contrast to the very serious tone of most of the other songs) and "Bye Bye Love" (a cover of Music/TheEverlyBrothers, and possibly a CallBack to their earlier years as "Tom and Jerry").
** On ''Bookends'', there's "Voices of Old People", which consists of people in a UsefulNotes/NewYorkCity retirement home making conversation with Art Garfunkel.
** ''The Sound of Silence'' features the {{instrumental|s}} track "Anji", composed by Dave Graham.
* TheSomethingSong: "The 59th Street Bridge Song" and "Kathy's Song"
* SpokenWordInMusic: "Seven O'Clock News/Silent Night".
* SpyCam: Referenced in "America".
--> ''She said, the man in the gabardine suit was a spy. I said, "Be careful, his bow tie is really a camera".''
* AStormIsComing: Inverted in "The Sun is Burning"
* {{Streetwalker}}: "The Boxer"
--> Asking only workman's wages I come looking for a job\\
But I get no offers\\
Just a come-on from the whores on Seventh Avenue\\
I do declare\\
There were times when I was so lonesome I took some comfort there
* TakeThat: "A Simple Desultory Philippic (or How I Was Robert Mc Namara'd into Submission)" is a rather savage Music/BobDylan parody.
** "The Boxer" was also interpreted as a TakeThat to Dylan, but Simon has {{Jossed}} that interpretation, explaining that it was actually about himself in a period he felt like he was constantly criticised. Dylan's own CoverVersion of it was seen as a TakeThat in return.
* TheresNoPlaceLikeHome: "Homeward Bound"
--> ''Homeward Bound, I wish I was homeward bound''
--> ''Home, where my thought's escaping''
--> ''Home, where my music's playing''
--> ''Home, where my love lies waiting silently for me''
* ThisIsASong: "Song for the Asking", also "Leaves That Are Green" ("I was twenty-one years when I wrote this song").
* TravelMontage: A musical version in "America".
* TravelingSalesman: "Keep the Customer Satisfied"
* UpdatedRerelease: "Wednesday Morning, 3 AM" and "Somewhere They Can't Find Me" are more or less the same song, though the former is done as a folk ballad while the latter is poppier and begins with a bit of "Anji".
** TheCoverChangesTheMeaning: "3 AM" is a melancholy reflection from a man taking comfort in his lover's company one last time before the law takes him away. "Somewhere They Can't Find Me" changes the instrumentation to angry rock and adds new lyrics in the form of a chorus (including [[TitleDrop the title line]]) that indicate the singer plans to flee, unrepentant. Note that the same band released both the original ''and'' the cover.
** "A Simple Desultory Phillipic (or How I Was Robert Macnamara'd Into Submission)" from ''Parsley, Sage, Rosemary and Thyme'' is a darker, more cynical version of "A Simple Desultory Phillipic (or How I Was Lyndon Johnson'd Into Submission)" from Paul Simon's British album ''The Paul Simon Songbook''
** "The Sounds of Silence" was originally released as a folk tune with the duo singing and Simon playing acoustic guitar. It went nowhere, and the duo broke up. Then the record company dubbed a whole new electric arrangement (guitar, bass, drums) onto the song and released the single again. It was a hit, and Simon and Garfunkel's career took off.
* VocalTagTeam
* VitriolicBestBuds: Very much, as anyone who's watched Paul snipe at Art onstage can verify. Simon has referred to Garfunkel as "my partner in arguments" on occasion.
* WanderlustSong: "And we walked off/To look for America"
* WritersCannotDoMath: Jokingly invoked on the label for the "Fakin' It" single in 1967, which listed the song's running time as 2:74. It was either a StealthPun (the song's called "Fakin' It" and it has a fake time listed) or a sneaky way to fool radio stations into thinking the song was under three minutes.