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->''"He was born poor, died rich, and never hurt anyone along the way."''
-->--'''Music/DukeEllington'''

Louis "Satchmo" Armstrong (August 4, 1901 - July 6, 1971) was a massively influential {{Jazz}} musician. Born in New Orleans, he learned how to play the trumpet and cornet, and engaged in a fifty-year career in jazz. He is considered the {{Trope Codifier}} for many basic elements of jazz, including improvisation and {{scat singing}}.

Nowadays, his most well-known contribution to pop culture is the song "What A Wonderful World", which is frequently used for {{Soundtrack Dissonance}}.

He was the first African American to host a nationally broadcast radio show in the [[TheThirties 1930s]]. He's also had several film appearances such as ''Film/HighSociety'' and the film version of ''Theatre/HelloDolly'', and a few where he played himself: ''New Orleans'', ''The Five Pennies'' and ''Film/ASongIsBorn''.

Note that although he's commonly known these days as ''Louie'' Armstrong, most jazz aficionados are careful to pronounce his first name "Lewis". This can be SeriousBusiness among those who see the "Louie" nickname as cartoonish and disrespectful - as did Armstrong himself.

[[NamesTheSame Not to be confused with]] [[Manga/FullMetalAlchemist the muscle-bound Strong-Arm Alchemist whose skills were]] ''[[MemeticMutation passed down through the Armstrong line for generations!!]]''

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!!Songs Of note:

* ''West End Blues''
* ''Struttin' With Some Barbecue''
* ''Stardust''
* ''What A Wonderful World''
* ''When The Saints Go Marching In''
* ''Dream A Little Dream Of Me''
* ''Ain't Misbehavin'''
* ''Stompin' At The Savoy''
* ''(What Did I Do To Be So) Black and Blue''
* ''[[Film/OnHerMajestysSecretService We Have All The Time In The World]]''
* ''Hello, Dolly!''
* ''Heebie Jeebies''
* ''St. James Infirmary''
* ''Mack the Knife''

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!!Albums Of note:

* ''Louis Armstrong Plays W.C. Handy''
* ''Ella And Louis''
* ''Porgy And Bess''
* ''Louis Armstrong Meets Oscar Peterson''
* ''The Real Ambassadors''
* ''Struttin''' (posthumous)
* ''Music/TheCompleteHotFiveAndHotSevenRecordings''

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!!Tropes found in his music and career include:
* AsHimself: Appeared in a lot of movies, but mostly played himself.
* BigBand: Although he preferred to play in smaller groups, he was one of the big band leaders of the 1940s.
* ConceptAlbum: ''The Real Ambassadors''.
* CoolOldGuy: Well ''duh''. In 1964 he kicked Music/TheBeatles out of the #1 spot with "Hello Dolly!"...when Satchmo was 63! ''[[Music/TheBeatles The]] '''[[Music/TheBeatles BEATLES!]]'''''
* {{Crossover}}: Recorded duets with Music/EllaFitzgerald and made an album together with Music/DukeEllington.
* CoverVersion
* CutSong: ''Ain't It The Truth'' from ''Cabin In The Sky''.
* DeepSouth: Loved to evoke imagery from the American South in his music, like ''When It's Sleepy Time Down South''.
* [[EpicRocking Epic Swinging]]
* ExpositoryThemeTune: ''High Society Calypso'' for the 1956 film ''High Society'.
* GutturalGrowler: Armstrong's singing voice was famously gravelly, but no less expressive for that. It was less so when he was a young man -- his 1928 wordless vocal duet with the clarinet in 'West End Blues' will convince anyone that he was a great singer.
* IconicOutfit: His blue and/or black suit, white handkerchief in one hand, trumpet in the other.
* {{Improv}}: Armstrong is the first great jazz improviser on record. Since jazz is characterised by lots of improvisation, this makes Armstrong the first great jazz musician on record. TropeCodifier, indeed.
* {{Instrumental}}: His trumpet solos were often this.
* ItIsPronouncedTroPAY: As mentioned above, Armstrong was insistent on pronouncing his first name "Lewis" rather than the diminutive "Louie," making the latter a bit of a FandomBerserkButton today. Ironically, seeing that Louis is a French name it's supposed to be pronounced ''Louie''.
* {{Jazz}}: Synonymous with the genre.
* LargeHam: Enjoyed clowning it up in front of the camera.
* LocationSong: "West End Blues", "St. Louis Blues", "When It's Sleepy Time Down South", all nostalgic and melancholic tracks and songs about these locations.
* {{Mammy}}: Character in ''When It's Sleepy Time Down South''.
* {{Mondegreen}}
* MusicOfNote: To many listeners, Louis Armstrong defines the entire genre of {{Jazz}}.
* MurderBallad: ''Mack The Knife'', ''You Rascal You.'' It's been noted that in Armstrong's early years playing sleazy dives in New Orleans, he would have known plenty of Mack the Knifes.
* RagsToRiches: Grew up in a poor black neighbourhood, managed to become an internationally famous musical superstar despite racial discrimination and prejudices, as well as respected as an innovative, influential and creative artist and died rich.
* RealSongThemeTune: ''Frank's Place'' used ''Do You Know What It Means To Miss New Orleans?''.
* RivalsTeamUp: Creator/DukeEllington wasn't exactly a rival to Armstrong as they weren't competing with each other, but the one album that they made together, 1961's ''The Great Summit'', contains much awesomeness of the kind invoked by this trope.
* RuggedScar: Armstrong's lips were heavily scarred. Constant trumpet-playing caused him to grow calluses on his lips that would interfere with his playing, so to deal with them, he'd ''cut the calluses off with a razor blade'', leaving scars. Eventually he had to stop playing altogether. Needless to say, trumpet players are not advised to do what he did.
* TheSacredDarkness: "The dark sacred night" is mentioned in "What a Wonderful World."
* SingingSimlish: TropeCodifier of the "scat" technique of singing that uses nonsense syllables on improvised vocal lines.
* SomethingBlues: ''West End Blues'', ''Potatohead Blues'',...
* SopranoAndGravel: Armstrong's collaborations with Music/EllaFitzgerald. Possibly the {{Ur Example}}.
* SouthernFriedGenius: He was from New Orleans, but in addition to being a musical genius, Armstrong was a lifelong reader and talented, idiosyncratic writer who carried a dictionary with him on tour. He's one of the few great jazz musicians to have a distinctive literary style, and the only one whose Selected Writings are [[http://books.google.co.uk/books/about/Louis_Armstrong_in_His_Own_Words.html?id=fdxDDe-fb8sC&redir_esc=y published by Oxford University Press]].
* SuspiciouslyAproposMusic: ''VideoGame/{{Fallout 2}}'' uses ''A Kiss To Build A Dream On'' in the beginning.
** Likewise, the titular Invisible Man of Ralph Ellison's ''Literature/{{Invisible Man}}'' plays Armstrong's version of ''(What Did I Do to Be So) Black and Blue'' in the novel's introduction.
* TookALevelInCheerfulness: His public persona was being a man who was eternally happy and joyful. Yet he could also play and sing melancholic tunes, like ''Black And Blue''.
* UncleTomFoolery: The always jolly Armstrong was often accused of doing this, but jazz critic Gary Giddins has retorted that to dislike or resent Armstrong's eternally cheerful demeanour is to diminish him as an artist by refusing to allow him to be himself; Armstrong projected confidence and warmth without ever losing dignity.
** He also famously [[http://www.chron.com/opinion/outlook/article/The-day-Louis-Armstrong-blew-more-than-his-trumpet-1813025.php spoke out on the enforced school segregation in Arkansas in 1957]], saying Creator/DwightDEisenhower had "no guts" and calling the governor a "[[PrecisionFStrike no-good motherfucker]]."
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