"And the Lord said, If I find in Sodom 50 righteous within the city, then I will spare all the place for their sakes."Hebrew for "The Hidden Righteous Ones". If numerous works of fiction and even religion are to be believed, then in this world are a number of people whose mere existence keeps the universe going. Maybe because the gods are paying them particular attention and these few people are effectively acting as the scale by which the rest of the world is being judged. The origin of this idea is the Tzadikim Nistarim, or Lamed Vav Tzadikim, a concept rooted in Judaism which states that the world continues to exist only because of the existence of thirty-six Righteous Souls, who keep the whole thing going. The idea exists in other religions also, but this is the one which is most widely known. There are several characteristics which are essential for a person to be a member of the Tzadikim Nistarim:
- They're kind of like a sample number for God within an entire population: So long as these thirty-six are good and true then the world is safe, even if absolutely everyone else has descended to every vice.
- They have mystic powers, possibly very obscure mystic powers of which they are mostly unaware, given that:
- They can never know who they are. If any of the Tzadikim Nistarim ever realizes or uncovers their identity, they will die soon after and be immediately replaced. (So being a Chosen One is not necessarily the same as being a member of the Tzadikim Nistarim, though they may be). Killing one of them may bring about The End of the World as We Know It, but not necessarily.
- They may or may not take an active stance in protecting the world on a daily basis. The theory is that these people, via their mere existence and the virtues they have, are enough to keep the world from going to hell in a handbasket.
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- Monster: Dr. Kenzo Tenma. Who does what he perceives to be the moral and right thing, at the expense of his reputation, criminal record, and personal life.
- Yugi Muto of Yu-Gi-Oh!. Most likely the regular one in particular, since The Other Yugi has technically been dead for thousands of years, and it's only via the regular Yugi's existence that he can continue to exist and thus save the world multiple times. Regular Yugi is often described as "the chosen one" or "vessel" for the Other Yugi.
- André Schwarz-Bart's classic novel The Last of the Just uses the legend of the Tzadikim to frame a tale of Jewish persecution and survival through eight centuries in Europe.
- Young Wizard: Diane Duane clearly used this concept as the basis for the Abdals in the series. There are more than 36 of them, but only because they exist in numerous realms of habitation (some of which are probably far stranger than planets) throughout the multiverse. In relative terms, they're still very rare, and our planet probably has considerably fewer than 36. In all other respects, they're pretty much identical to the Tzadikim Nistarim.
- Jodi Picoult mentioned them in her book, Keeping Faith, in which is the eponymous character was believed to be one.
- The 1988 novel The Quest for the 36 by Stephen Billias.
- Sam Bourne's book The Righteous Men is centred around a plot to kill the Tzadikim Nistarim and thus end the world.
- No modern examples of the 36 exhibited mystic powers, but they each help out their fellow human beings, from one performing individual acts of kindness to neighbours, to another who blackmarkets a medication for HIV that will help millions around the world.
- Sometimes some subconsciously try to obscure their altruistic nature so much that they are often criminals due to fate or in their attempts to help others. One member of the 36 did become aware of his nature, and did not die instantly however. Additionally one member of the 36 at a time is determined to be the Messiah if the End of Days occurs while he is alive, and a particularly spiritual and pure Righteous Man will attract others to him, and even be able to recognise his fellows.
- Members of the 36 mentioned include a pimp who sold all his belongings to save a woman from entering prostitution, a medieval pimp who could pray for rain, a teenage hacker who invents a virus that will eventually destroy all child pornography on the internet, and a simple nurse in Africa who saves war refugees
- Buck Rogers in the 25th Century: borrowed a variation of that idea for one of the second season.
- Touch borrows this concept whole cloth. The 36 are people able to see the pattern of the world, allowing them to achieve amazing things. The main character's son, Jake, is one, as is the girl, Amelia, they're trying to find. Guillermo, a mysterious Spanish man, is yet another one, although he seems to be trying to kill all of the 36.
- Referenced in Unknown Armies, wherein a street level rumor claims that if there are ever less than nine truly righteous men left in the world, God will destroy it.
- Global Guardians PBEM Universe: The Tzadikim Nistarim really exist (along with pretty much every other legendary figure) because of the power of human belief. In the GGU, if enough people believe something is real, it becomes real. Some of the 36 are real people, others are Anthropomorphic Personifications of certain ideals.
- The SCP Foundation has them as one of their SCP-001 proposals; they are capable of neutralizing any anomaly in existence, and if they die, they cause massive fluctuations in reality. When all 36 gather in one place, it is implied that it'll neutralize every anomaly in existence, and end the SCP Universe as we know it.
- Quite possibly Jack Darby and Raf Esquivel of Transformers Prime. The former is entusted with an ancient and powerful artifac by Optimus Prime, and the latter has an inexplicable ability to understand an Autobot that can only communicate in coded beens and whirs and a prodigious coding ability. Both have proven willing to give their lives for Earth or Cybertron. Possibly Miko Nakadai as well, as she also shares their connection with the Autobots and is likewise willing to sacrifice herself. If they exist in the Transformers Aligned Universe, these three children are likely among them.