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[[quoteright:350:[[Series/BattlestarGalactica2003 http://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/the-battlestar_battlestar-galactica_6699.png]]]]
[[caption-width-right:350:"Launch Vipers!"]]

During World War II, the honored tradition of building more and more powerful gun-toting battleships came to an abrupt halt when naval artillery became [[UsefulNotes/HistoryOfNavalWarfare largely supplanted by the aircraft carrier]]. It had none of the battleship's armament and durability, but it could project force hundreds of kilometers away, without ever endangering the ship itself -- which made most WWII aerial/naval battles decidedly one-sided.

Modern warfare may eventually subvert this trend. Currently, major warships that aren't carriers or amphibious assault ships are missile ships, each capable of launching a relative MacrossMissileMassacre, so the other side better hope it isn't PointDefenseless. As missile technology and remote piloting advance, the aircraft launched by the carrier may become [[AttackDrone unmanned smart munitions]], blurring the line between missiles and attack craft.

However, warfare largely dominated by purely automated systems can take away from importance of human characters in a war story. Thus, authors are likely to explain that missile combat didn't take for various reasons, such as abundance of electronic countermeasures to disrupt missile guidance, [[AvertedTrope accurate]] [[PointDefenseless point defenses]], or electronic warfare potentially compromising the effectiveness of remotely piloted (or automated) craft.

Instead, the flagship of the future becomes something that encompasses both artillery and piloting tropes: a [[MilitaryMashupMachine hybrid carrier/battleship]]. It has the heavy armor and big guns of a battleship, along with the fighters and point defense weapons of a carrier. This makes perfect sense, [[SpaceIsAir assuming carrying fighters in space makes sense]], because:
* A) [[RuleOfCool It's awesome]].
* B) The extremely thin atmosphere and the huge amount of free space means that the range of weapons are enormous ([[ArbitraryMaximumRange or it should, anyway]]).
* C) Lack of gravity means you don't have to waste the entire top on runways and the entire bottom on being underwater.

This trope is named for the Battlestar class of warships from ''Series/{{Battlestar Galactica|1978}}'' (1978), one of the [[TropeCodifier first such depictions to reach widespread audiences.]] Often part of a StandardSciFiFleet. May also have a "little brother", the AirborneAircraftCarrier. Naturally comes hand-in-hand with the SpaceFighter; given that strikecraft are an important part of a Battlestar, see also [[Analysis/SpaceFighter their Analysis page]] for some arguments on their use or lack thereof, which may have knock-on effects on the feasibility of Battlestars.

As a general rule, the Battlestar is portrayed in one of three ways:
* Type 1: Battleship carrying fighters. This is essentially a capital ship with the primary offensive options being its own big guns, with the fighters to serve as interceptors against incoming enemy strikes or to provide utility and ability for surgical strikes when main cannons are too blunt of an instrument. Anime/SpaceBattleshipYamato is a textbook example of this, as are [[Franchise/StarWars Imperial Star Destroyers]].
* Type 2: Carrier with extra guns and armor. This ship essentially behaves like a real life aircraft carrier, in that the primary offensive option is its embarked fighter wing, and the guns and armor lean more towards self defense options. The Battlestar ''Galactica'' and [[VideoGame/WingCommander TCS]] ''[[VideoGame/WingCommander Tiger Claw]]'' are excellent examples of this.
* Type 3: The ship is not a war vessel per se; rather, it is an exploration or colony craft, armed out of neccessity to have the widest array of available options. Its guns and air wing may very well have applications outside of combat, such as exploration, landing and dealing with the occasional NegativeSpaceWedgie. [[Manga/KnightsOfSidonia The Sidonia]] matches this type, as does the ''[[Series/StarTrekTheNextGeneration Enterprise]]''[[Series/StarTrekTheNextGeneration -D]].

The largest ones may be examples of MileLongShip or even PlanetSpaceship.

Not to be confused with the 1981 game show ''Series/{{Battlestars}}'', the elite Autobot fighters from ''[[Manga/TransformersZone Transformers: Return of Convoy]]'', or [[Characters/CaptainAmerica John Walker's former sidekick]].



[[folder:Anime & Manga]]
* From 1974, the UrExample is probably the ''Anime/SpaceBattleshipYamato''. In 1979 the series was dubbed and broadcast in English as ''Star Blazers'', with the ship renamed the ''[[ReligiousAndMythologicalThemeNaming Argo]]'' as a ShoutOut to a similar story from Myth/GreekMythology.
** Also more obviously the ''Lexington''-class battleship carriers in the Comet empire series, which had two battleship turrets in front, and a carrier deck in the back.
*** The ''Lexington''-class ships are based on the IJS ''Ise'' and ''Hyuga''; see the Real Life section in the description.
*** Even further borne out by the fact that the American ''Lexington''-class of carriers from UsefulNotes/WorldWarII were originally built to be battlecruisers.
** In the Rainbow Galaxy battle, the Gamilons had a battleship/carrier that had a runway deck that flipped over to reveal laser cannon turrets.
* Subverted in ''Anime/LegendOfGalacticHeroes''. While carrier-type ships do have cannons for ship-to-ship combat, they are not primary fighting units and use cannons mostly in self-defense and to protect fighters docking for resupplying. Ship-to-ship combat is mostly handled by dedicated battleships, of which the command ships are the most powerful (including Yang Wen-li's ''Hyperion'' and Reinhard von Lohengramm's ''Brunhild'').
* There are, many, many examples in ''Franchise/{{Gundam}}'', starting with the original ''Anime/MobileSuitGundam'' and its ''White Base''. Basically, any CoolShip in the saga ''has'' to be a carrier to launch titular HumongousMecha (and normal fighters) but, depending on the series, can have more or less firepower to make it a battleship. Most recent CoolShip from ''[[Anime/MobileSuitGundam00 Gundam 00]]'' is clearly more of a carrier since it can barely defend itself without Gundams. However, both ''Archangel'' from ''[[Anime/MobileSuitGundamSEED Gundam SEED]]'' and ''Minerva'' from ''[[Anime/MobileSuitGundamSEEDDestiny Gundam SEED Destiny]]'' pack a serious punch, complete with integrated {{Wave Motion Gun}}s.
** It should be noted, however that in most ''Gundam'' series, these types of ship are usually limited to very short production runs. The original series's Pegasus class had less than ten ships of the line. In later series, we see the carrier elements becoming more prominent in ship design. Only two ships were built of ''[[Anime/MobileSuitGundamSEED Gundam SEED]]'''s Archangel class.
** Also notable is the fact that TheFederation from the original series followed the traditional "you can only have one or the other" mentality, with older ships even being forced to carry HumongousMecha ''strapped to their hulls'' when the latter were introduced. This was the primary reason they came so close to being trounced by Zeon early in the series.
** At any rate, considering that MS are giant humanoids, it might be better to think of the carriers as enormous APC-type vehicles rather than aircraft carriers.
* The Dai-Gurren of ''Anime/TengenToppaGurrenLagann'' had twelve-inch guns as well as a hangar for Team Gurren's Gunmen.
** The Chouginga Dai-Gurren used to be the ''fucking Moon'', and did its job for a while before ''towing the original Moon back into orbit''. It could also become an humanoid mecha that could shoot at all points of space and time. Simultaneously.
* The eponymous-class ships of ''Anime/{{Macross}}''. Especially later versions like ''[[Anime/MacrossFrontier Battle Frontier]]'', which had all sorts of cannons and CIWS mounts as well as its WaveMotionGun.
** The original [[Anime/SuperDimensionFortressMacross SDF-1]] even had a entire city in it, in addition to MORE guns on it than some of the later ''New Macross''-class ships such as ''[[Anime/Macross7 Battle 7]]''. That said, the animation budget wasn't up to showing them traverse and fire like they do in the newer shows so they end up being largely static decorations. Those four massive railguns on the docking assembly (the 'shoulder' in battle mode) are never once shown firing, for instance.
*** While the SDF-1 itself was did carry a substantial air wing of its own, half of its actual effective air wing (and more than two thirds of it in the ''[[Anime/MacrossDoYouRememberLove Do You Remember Love?]]''/Post-Refit incarnation) comes from the two ships permanently docked as its "arms" -- specifically the ''Prometheus'' aircraft carrier in the TV series and manga, and the two ''ARMD''-class space carriers in the ''DYRL?''/Refit version.
*** The redesign of the ''New Macross''-class as shown by ''Battle 25'' (AKA ''Battle Frontier'') has restored the myriad smaller cannons and point-defense guns that marked the previous ''Macross''-class Super-Dimensional Fortresses.
** The expanded universe and ''Frontier'' show that the New UN Spacy essentially runs three types of carrier:
*** ''Guantanamo-''class stealth carriers, which are not that much different from [=WW2=] escort carriers, being smallish ships built around a modest air wing with little else.
*** ''Uraga'' and ''Saratoga''-class fleet carriers, which have a modest antiship weapons fit, and are built around their air wings as the primary striking option.
*** ''New Macross''-class warships: they're primarily operated like fleet carriers, but carry a robust antiship weapons loadout, and have the Macross cannon, which is essentially a WaveMotionGun built into a frigate-sized ship, docked with them. ''Macross Quarter'' and its sister ships operate on essentially the same principle, but scaled down to escort carrier size.
* The Emperor Machines from ''Manga/GetterRobo'', three ships that can combine into a giant robot and are made from Mars and ''the dinosaurs''. Really.
* The eponymous starship in ''Manga/KnightsOfSidonia'' is, at its core, a colonist ship designed to locate a new planet for humanity to call home after the Gauna destroyed Earth. It packs enough weaponry to hold its own against the Gauna, including [[HumongousMecha dozens of Gardes]], [[{{BFG}} a Heavy Mass Cannon]], [[EarthShatteringKaboom Interplanetary Missles]], and [[WaveMotionGun a Higgs Particle Cannon]].
* The ''Estanatreich'' from ''Anime/StarshipGirlYamamotoYohko'' not only functions as this, it has an entire colony on its back. Justified as it is the one and only de facto territory of TERRA faction. Other ships exist as well, particularly the NESS carrierships.
* The ''Exelion'' and ''Eltreum'' from ''Anime/{{Gunbuster}}'' are like this. Apart from the titular mecha, the former was equipped with a whole array of long-range lasers as well as a legion of [[HumongousMecha Machine]] [[RedshirtArmy Weapons]] for self-defense. The latter went even beyond that in all kinds of ways.
* The eponymous battleship of ''Anime/MartianSuccessorNadesico''.
* The four (operational) [[CoolStarship Vaia Ships]] of ''Anime/InfiniteRyvius'': the Black ''Ryvius'', Blue ''Impulse'', Crimson ''Dicastia'' and Grey ''Geshpenst''. Each comes equipped with a HumongousMecha capable of [[YouFailPhysicsForever warping spatial reality]], multiple [[MagneticWeapons MAC guns]], and in the case of the ''Impulse'' [[ThisIsADrill a huge fuck-off]] [[spoiler:[[EarthShatteringKaboom Hyperion-destroying]]]] [[ThisIsADrill drill]].
* ''Anime/HeroicAge'''s ''Argonaut'' is a massive ship carrying numerous fighter and HumongousMecha units, bristling with guns, and outfitted with entire orchards and other facilities to allow for it to support a rather large crew effectively indefinitely. Oh, and it can also [[spoiler: turn into an enormous WaveMotionGun aptly named the "Star Blaster".]]
* The ''Nirvana'' in ''Anime/{{Vandread}}'' relies mainly on the Dread fighters and the titular CombiningMecha for its offense. At least until Bart figured out how to work the guns...
* The ''Arcadia'' from ''Anime/CaptainHarlock'' carries a fair-sized fighter complement. In fact, it sometimes looks like at least half of her forty-one-man crew is out there.

[[folder:Fan Works]]
* In the MassiveMultiplayerCrossover ''[[FanFic/SovereignGFCOrigins Origins]]'', one of the characters from [[ALongTimeAgoInAGalaxyFarFarAway a galaxy far, far away]] (taken quite literally -- ''Franchise/StarWarsLegends'' is far in this fanfic's past) wonders why [[MassEffect everyone]] [[VideoGame/{{Borderlands}} else]] doesn't build these (her ''Revenant''-class [[MileLongShip Star Dreadnaught]] is 35km long and houses thousands of [[SpaceFighter starfighters]]). Turns out she just needs to look further -- [[spoiler:Franchise/{{Halo}}]] does this as per its canon. The single-purpose ships of the previous story (''FanFic/{{Fractured}}'') come in for some verbal abuse as ''not'' being battlestars (and thus, useless in this universe where [[LensmanArmsRace battlestar-type ships are common everywhere else]]).

[[folder:Films -- Live-Action]]
* The eponymous ship of the 2010 LiveActionAdaptation of ''Film/SpaceBattleshipYamato''. Not only does the ship have [[MoreDakka enough conventional firepower to destroy an entire fleet]] and [[BulletHell throw a wall of bullets around itself]], it even has a {{BFG}}, the iconic WaveMotionGun. It also carries a squadron of marines and a top tier [[SpaceFighter fighter squadron]].
* The Imperial Star Destroyers from ''StarWars'', and their Rebel Alliance counterparts, the Mon Calamari Star Cruisers.
** The Prequels bring us the ''Acclamator''-class and ''Venator''-class vessels, which serve as army transports and spacecraft carriers respectively. ''Acclamators'' also end up as being used as ''floating'' carriers as well. Venators actually have a lot more fighter capacity than the bigger Imperial Star Destroyers and even the Super Star Destroyers (though that was later retconned to state that Super Star Destroyers ''can'' carry a lot more fighters, but it would be easier to load those fighters in the escort fleet that always accompanies it, and if necessary, be a mothership for ''those''.
** In the ''Franchise/StarWars'' ExpandedUniverse, it seems almost all large warships are designed this way. (See ''Babylon 5'' below.) Fighters have little effectiveness against capital ships, unless they have some specific [[AchillesHeel weakness]] or [[ZergRush a lot of fighters]] get together and [[MacrossMissileMassacre use obscene numbers of missiles]]. Going by ''ComicBook/XWingSeries'', ''Empire at War'' and ''[[ComicBook/XWingSeries Rogue Squadron]]'', ''bombers'' are effective, and many fighters' primary purpose is to deal with them. Some fighters have bombing capabilities, as well.
** The Death Star also qualifies: it has FTL propulsion, carries countless smaller fighter craft, has surface-mounted turbolasers for enemy fighters that get too close (although the first DS's turbolasers are ineffective at this), and the superlaser itself can take out large craft, as shown in ''Film/ReturnOfTheJedi''. And, you know, ''[[CaptainObvious planets]]''.
* The TCS ''Tiger Claw'' in the film version of ''Film/WingCommander'' can launch wings of fighters and several boarding shuttles. When entering battle, though, after the fighters launch, the ship closes and engages DeflectorShields. However, the only weapons the ''Tiger Claw'' has appears to have are anti-ship torpedoes (completely PointDefenseless). The [[CatFolk Kilrathi]] have some sort of energy bolts as well as torpedos.
* The Project Insight Helicarriers in ''Film/CaptainAmericaTheWinterSoldier'', while atmospheric, are this as opposed to merely [[AirborneAircraftCarrier airborne aircraft carriers]], as they also mount an impressive amount of guns intended to be the primary offensive measure. They're a Type 1 depiction, despite appearing to be a Type 2 example.
* ''Film/GuardiansOfTheGalaxy'': The ''Dark Aster'', Ronan The Accuser's thee-mile wide ship that houses hundreds of necrocraft.
** Yondu's ship, The Elector would count as well.


* A staple in the ''Literature/PerryRhodan'' universe from the beginning, with large capital ships inevitably carrying their complement of fighters and larger small craft (often up to nominal "light cruiser" size themselves) in addition to heavy weapons of their own. Said secondary crafts' actual combat effectiveness in any area where the big ships are busy engaging each other seems to be mainly subject to the needs of the plot -- sometimes they're a genuine threat in and of themselves, sometimes the larger unit's commander refuses to even let them launch because of the risk.
* Creator/CJCherryh's warships in her ''Literature/AllianceUnion'' 'verse do this in some cases, especially the Earth Company Fleet, whose main ships are "carriers", each of which has four "riders", smaller craft without FTL capability. They're not super-small, though, having a flight crew of four and the ability to carry some degree of cargo and passengers. They are atmosphere-capable, high-performance, and armed with powerful missiles and guns in combat. One book, ''Literature/{{Hellburner}}'', covers events during the testing phase of these craft. The carriers themselves are heavily armed with guns and missiles, and do not rely on the riders for defense. Her earlier-written but much later in chronology ''Literature/TheFadedSun'' trilogy features a carrier that has a single, much larger rider, which is not atmosphere-capable but is effectively an in-system cruiser.
* The various planetoid-class Ships-of-the-Line in Creator/DavidWeber's ''Literature/EmpireFromTheAshes'' trilogy count (except for the ''Trosan''-class). [[UpToEleven Massive ships]] [[ThatsNoMoon the size of the Moon]], [[LightningBruiser capable of ridiculous speed]], mounting extensive [[BeamSpam energy]] and [[MacrossMissileMassacre missile]] batteries, and carrying a complement of parasite craft. Said parasite craft consist of separate battleships, cruisers, and two-man fighters. And the Fourth Empire had [[WeHaveReserves almost a million of them]]. [[spoiler: Just 70 of these almost completely annihilate a millions-strong AlienInvasion fleet.]]
* ''Literature/HonorHarrington'' has the ''Minotaur'' class of LAC carrier ships, and their successors. Although not intended to get directly involved in combat, the [=CLACs=] do carry some of the more traditional naval weapons in an acknowledgment of FinaglesLaw.
** The Grayson Space Navy's version of the ''Minotaur'', the ''Covington'' class, is an [[AvertedTrope aversion]], however. The [=GSN=] felt that a [=CLAC's=] odds of survival standing directly in the wall of battle were low enough that they chose to arm the ''Covington''s only with countermeasures and point-defence clusters, making them entirely dependent on their embarked LAC complement for offensive striking power, much like most RealLife aircraft carriers.
** Prior to the creation of the [=CLACs=], there are the Q-ships sent to the Silesian Confederacy under Honor's command. In fact, these new Q-ships not only carry dreadnought-level weapons but can also launch up to 12 [=LACs=]. For bonus points, the Q-ships can also launch missile pods (previously, they were always dragged into battle with {{TractorBeam}}s). So not only can the Q-ships be considered prototype [=CLACs=] but also prototype podnaughts.
* In Andrey Livadny's ''Literature/TheHistoryOfTheGalaxy'' series, most large human ships are Battlestars, able to launch at least some number of fighters. Smaller ships, including dedicated missile frigates are unable to do that, fulfilling more specialized roles. While there are no dedicated carrier ships (probably because the writer is Russian and is, therefore, influenced by Russian naval mentality). The largest (and most powerful) human ships are the flagship cruisers, able to launch dozens of fighters, as well as being armed to the teeth (missiles, plasma throwers, lasers, mass drivers). The defenses include point-defense systems, EM shielding against energy weapons, thick armor, and anti-boarding shield generators.
** And yes, the author is a bit off on the issues of size, crew, and the number of fighters. The ships are often ridiculously large (topping off at around 7 ''kilometers'' in length for flagship cruisers), with ridiculously small crews (justified with the ubiquitous use of InstantAIJustAddWater; in fact, ships ''can'' be fully automated) and much smaller number of fighters than you would expect for a ship this size. Slightly justified with flagship cruisers, which feature an [[WaveMotionGun anti-matter emitter]] which takes up a ''fifth'' of the ship. This is particularly egregious on the author's website, where he lists ship stats. The standard crew size for a cruiser is around 100, although one novel mentions a heavy cruiser with 2000 people on board (still low, but better).
** Later novels mention a change in the [[TheFederation Confederacy of Suns]] military docrine with the introduction of a new class of FTL-capable modular fighters for defending Periphery systems. A new class of carrying cruisers (Russian writers, as a rule, hate the word "carrier"), which will act as mobile bases for rapid reaction squadrons without the cruisers themselves engaging in battle.
* Although it doesn't start out with them, the ''Beijing'' in ''Literature/{{Lacuna}}'' receives a small fighter wing by the middle of the book.
* The titular ''Merrimack'' from the ''Literature/TourOfTheMerrimack''. It is armed with missile launchers, beam cannons, and projectile barrels, and carries several flights of [[SpaceMarine Marine]] Swifts.
* Unusually ''averted'' in the granddaddy of all technoporn space operas, ''Literature/{{Lensman}}''. With the exception of some heavy cruisers and very fast scouts, virtually everything is a capital ship. There are no 'fighters' or light bombing craft at all. Probably because the series started in the 1930s, when few people realized the potential of carriers.
* ''Literature/TroyRising'''s titular battlestation and its fellows, when [[Film/ReturnOfTheJedi fully armed and operational]], not only have enormous quantities of [[MacrossMissileMassacre missiles]] and [[BeamSpam lasers]] available to them, but also can hold within them an entire fleet of escort vessels, assault shuttles, and extensive support facilities like entire fabbers to repair battle damage and create more equipment, including missiles and escorting warships.[[note]]The stations are also serving as Earth's shipyards, as being much easier to defend than shipyards in orbit around a world.[[/note]]
* Late in the ''Literature/{{Sten}}'' series, there's a newly built "battle cruiser" named ''Victory'' -- which also carries a flotilla of twelve tacships (roughly equivalent to PT boats). Sten is dubious about this: he likes tacships, but ''carrying'' them makes the ''Victory'' vulnerable -- lots of stuff that'll blow up; not enough space dedicated to armor to keep that stuff from blowing up; and having hangars at the rear of the ship interferes with placing sensors and weapons back there.
-->Sten had experience with tools, vehicles, and ships that were ostensibly dual- or multiple-purpose. Almost without exception that meant that the tool did quite a number of things badly, and nothing well.
* In the ''Literature/LegendsOfDune'' prequel trilogy, the ''Ballista''-class battleships are the main warships used by the League Armada. Besides formidable weaponry, they carry 20 troop transports, 15 shuttles, 50 patrol craft, and 200 ''Kindjal'' {{Space Fighter}}s. Each one also has a crew of 1500. They are later equipped with DeflectorShields and Holtzmann drives in addition to their pre-fold [[FTLTravel FTL drives]]. Even then, many are still destroyed during the RobotWar. After the defeat of [[AIIsACrapshoot Omnius]], it can be assumed the ''Ballista''e were retired.
** About 80 years after the end of the Butlerian Jihad, 200 of these are given by a weak-willed Emperor to appease Manford Torondo, the leader of the anti-technological Butlerians. About half of these are destroyed during a space battle with Venport Holdings forces, not that Torondo [[WeHaveReserves cares about casualties]]. It's noted that, being 80-year-old mothballed relics, they are inferior to latest warships used by Venhold (just 20 Venhold ships are able to inflict massive damage to the Butlerian fleet) and, likely, the Emperor.
* ''Literature/{{Animorphs}}'' had the Blade Ship of Visser Three, which carried a flotilla of Bug Fighters, and probably plenty of Dracon cannons, and the Andalite dome ships, which possibly doubled as TheMotherShip. They could split in two so that the front half could become the fighter ship, while the back contained crew living quarters in a dome.
** The pool ship is a barracks and AirborneAircraftCarrier with ''big fucking guns''.
* In ''Literature/DreadEmpiresFall'', there's essentially one kind of ship, and the only differences are the crew (max G's they can pull) and the number of missiles they have and the number of launchers they have for them. Apparently even the largest ships only need a single missile to gut them. That said, missiles are used to counter missiles in this setting, so more launchers can be more safety. All of these ships carry a crapton of missiles (but there are notable levels of "crapton"), defense lasers of various kinds, and small crafts called "pinnaces". A pinnace is meant to travel a safe distance behind the missiles and update their trajectories -- the mothership cannot make tactical decisions from a light-minute away, after all! Those pinnace pilots have a notably low survival rate in combat, though a few have absurdly high kill-counts, mostly from single engagements. There is no dogfighting of any sort, because inertia in space. In a given battle, by the time the two sides have closed with each other, usually one or both sides are left with only destroyed, irradiated husks. In one battle in a gravity well, where the two factions made very close passes at each other, it was horribly messy and casualties were staggering.
* CSS ''Invincible'' in the ''[[Literature/TheFlightEngineer Flight Engineer]]'' trilogy is a prototype pocket carrier intended to be a LightningBruiser in comparison to the larger fleet carriers. Her primary armament is her fighter complement, but she's hardly lacking in other weapons and is very fast.
* The TC/USNA ''America'' in the ''Literature/StarCarrier'' series is primarily used as a carrier with several ways of launching her [[ReactionlessDrive grav]]-fighters (a single fighter is potentially capable of taking down several capital ships). When not launching fighters out of her spinal magnetic accelerators, those can be used to launch kinetic kill slugs instead. While they don't pack as much a punch as dedicated railgun battleships, the ''America'' can still pack quite a punch. Given the distances involved in space combat and the lack of [[SubspaceAnsible FTL communication]] or sensors means that firing unguided munitions at a ship several light minutes away is useless, as your sensor data is that many minutes old. Standard tactics involve for the carrier dropping out of [[FasterThanLightTravel meta-space]] to launch fighters immediately for a near-c strike prior to the arrival of the (much slower) main fleet to the enemy. With any luck, the enemy will detect the arrival of the fleet only seconds before the near-c strike.
** The nature of the grav-fighter propulsion (singularity projection) means that, for the most part, they really can maneuver like a jet fighter in air. Even better, in fact, as gravity forces acting on the fighter and the pilot are largely uniform, meaning a fighter can perform a tight turn at several hundred G-forces and not even feel it (beyond the normal sense of perpetual falling) by projecting a singularity to the side and slingshotting around it.
* The ''Literature/ArkRoyal'' is a supercarrier from an era when the predominant battle doctrine was that carriers should be able to hold their own on the front line. Thus, it's heavily armored and armed with powerful mass drivers and nuclear missiles in addition to launching fighters. At the start of the story, modern carriers are more specialised toward the carrier function; by the time of the ''Warspite'' sequel trilogy, new carriers are being built in a return to ''Ark Royal'''s specifications.
* For a non-space example, the USS ''Maaka-Kakja'' in the latter ''Literature/{{Destroyermen}}'' books. The first purpose-build aircraft carrier (well, technically, seaplane tender) commissioned by TheAlliance (all previous ones are converted [[CatFolk Lemurian]] Homes). Sturdy in construction (despite being mostly wooden), she also bristles with the lower-caliber guns taken off the sunken IJN ''Amagi''. In ''Straights of Hell'', Admiral Lelaa-Tal-Cleraan [[spoiler:takes the carrier into a point-blank confrontation with the [[ReligionOfEvil Holy]] [[TheEmpire Dominion]] fleet in order to turn the tide. The massive ship survives but is damaged]]. For a time, the USS ''Salissa'' also counts, since she is fitted with some of ''Amagi'''s higher-caliber guns, although those end up being destroyed in battle, turning her back into a regular carrier/tender.
* In Creator/MikhailAkhmanov's ''Literature/ArrivalsFromTheDark'' books, most human capital ships carry a fighter complement in addition to their weapons. This even applies in the first novel ''Invasion'', set during humanity's pre-interstellar years. A typical cruiser (since this is a Russian novel, a heavy cruiser is equivalent to what a Western sci-fi author would call a battleship) carries several dozen aerospace fighters, and even a frigate is expected to carry at least a pair of them (corvettes generally don't, but they're never actually described in detail). Since, at the time, the SpaceNavy's primary tasks include protecting Earth and the Solar System colonies from asteroids and act as a rapid reaction force against terrorists and rogue states on Earth, the fighters are very important. After the failed [[HumanAlien Faata]] invasion (whose own huge starship does not qualify, as it lacks weapons of its own, relying on its armada of AntiMatter-armed battle modules), humans study the remains of their craft and build their own starships, kilometer-long cruisers with powerful weapons (including a [[FixedForwardFacingWeapon forward-mounted]] AntiMatter gun) and capable of launching over a hundred fighters each. The frigate commanded by the second novel's protagonist carries two fighters, which can also be piloted remotely.
* The ''Literature/{{Nameless War}}'' A number of battleships and cruisers are hastily retrofitted to carry fighters to provide an additional layer of defense against enemy missiles. Not all officers look upon this with favor since until they are launched fueled and armed fighters are effectively bombs pressed up against their ships.

[[folder:Live-Action TV]]
* The eponymous ships (as well as the one ship whose name is in the title) of the original series ''Series/{{Battlestar Galactica|1978}}'' (1978). No doubt the series, and its eponymous ships are the TropeMaker and TropeCodifier. Virtually every similar ship to come after in other fiction was inspired by some degree by the original ''Galactica'' and her fellow Battlestars.
* The Cylon Basestars from the reboot ''Series/{{Battlestar Galactica|2003}}'' (2003) are a subversion. Although they're not dedicated missile/fighter carriers, they tend much more towards carriers than battleships, being thin-skinned and reliant on standoff missiles and Raiders to do damage. In terms of sheer firepower and survivability in a ship-to-ship engagement, Battlestars are consistently depicted as superior, with even the obsolete ''Galactica'' being able to outfight them, although this may just be a result of the RuleOfCool limiting the useful range of a Basestar's missiles.
** Differing design philosophies. The Cylons had the initiative in both wars, plus had the advantage of having no fixed home to defend. As a result, the Basestar is a purely offensive platform, designed to support the raiders that are its primary weapons -- much like an aircraft carrier. The Colonials, by comparison, were almost always on the back foot, and DID have homes to defend. The Battlestar is as much, if not more, geared towards defense as offense -- hence the massive volume of armor and point defense systems, reflecting the fact that it might have to hold its ground and absorb everything thrown at it, in order to shield its protectees. The role ''Galactica'' played at Ragnar -- throwing up a near-impenetrable barrier between the Cylons and the fleet -- can probably be regarded as the exact job it was designed for.
** Cylon raiders are FTL-capable, so Basestars can lurk well behind the front lines, and just jump to a new rendezvous point if they are threatened. Battlestars have to go right to the front, and stay there, in order to support their STL Vipers. This leaves them vulnerable, since FTL allows an enemy to launch a point-blank range attack without warning. Consequently, Battlestars have to have armor and lots of point defenses, and have the ability to fight back in the event that its Vipers are otherwise engaged.
** The novel ''The Cylons' Secret'' gives the following explanation: Because of Cylons overtaking computers, fighters had to be piloted by humans, but there were not enough pilots to match the numbers of Cylons. Thus the battlestar was born, which could assist fighters with its firepower. The tactics was for Vipers to provide cover against Raiders until the battlestar got in close range with the basestar, which could then be obliterated in a short-range slugging match.
* Most ships in ''Series/BabylonFive'' are type 1: they have at least some fighter complement, and have a large array of beam weapons. In general, the fighters primarily attack other fighters, and get in damage on the capital warships where they can to make it easier for the bigger ships to win the fight, as fighter weaponry really isn't powerful enough to outright kill capital warships on their own.
** The ''Excalibur'' in the spin-off ''Series/{{Crusade}}'' implements a new design that reduces the ship's vulnerability. This is especially evident with the ''Omega''-class destroyers, whose hangar is at the front of the ship, giving the enemy a clear shot at the vulnerable innards. The ''Excalibur'' launches fighters by extending a crane of sorts that has [=StarFuries=] attached to it. The ship also has the hangar at the front, but it is normally closed during battle, only opening to receive the fighters after the end of the fight.
** The ExpandedUniverse adds dedicated carriers, and Earth's ''Avenger'' and ''Omega'' Delta (a variant of the ''Omega''-class destroyer trading guns for more fighters) and the Cascor ''Qoccata'' are type 2 battlestars, having their fighter wings as their main combat arm and enough weapons to defend themselves and finish off the enemy ships.
* The ''Saratoga'' of ''Series/SpaceAboveAndBeyond''.
* This is a staple of the Franchise/StargateVerse:
** The Goa'uld Ha'tak motherships carrying Death Gliders in ''Series/StargateSG1''.
** The Wraith Hiveships carrying Wraith Darts in ''Series/StargateAtlantis''.
** For the Tau'ri, the X-303 ''Prometheus'', first of the line, and the the BC-304 class, like the ''Daedalus'' and ''Odyssey'', carry a contingent of F-302 fighters.
** The Ancients' City Ships (i.e. ''[[Series/StargateAtlantis Atlantis]]'') also qualify with their Gateships/Puddle Jumpers. Interestingly, their ''Aurora''-class battleships don't fit this trope, as they don't carry Puddle Jumpers. However, given that their primary weapons are swarms of guided drones, this makes sense.
** Replicator ships go whole hog on this as they are made entirely of Replicators, as are all weapons they use -- so their missiles are basically fighters.
** The Ori Warships also carry small fighters.
** Of the frequently seen ships, the only ones that do not seem to follow the trope are the Asgard ships. (That's probably got something to do with the fact that the Asgard don't have the manpower for combat pilots.)
** The ''Destiny'' from ''Series/StargateUniverse''. It had (at least) one armed and operational shuttle, and looks to be overloaded with guns including a giant triple-barreled main gun... [[GlassCannon good luck getting any of them to fire though]].
** The [[WordOfGod Naka'i]], also from ''[[Series/StargateUniverse SG-U]]'', have ships that fall into this trope. Their big blocky destroyers appear to be capable of launching fighter craft that swarm and overwhelm enemy ships with their sheer numbers rather than out-and-out firepower.
** The Berserk Drone command ships also carry (and control) a bunch of drones.
* The title ship from ''Series/{{Andromeda}}''. While the slipfighters (you can guess by the name that they're FTL-capable) are designed to be piloted by living beings, there's nothing stopping them from being piloted remotely using VR goggles, as Tyr often does in the first season. Of course, when you send a single slipfighter to hold off dozens of enemy fighters, you're probably better off being inside ''Andromeda'''s thick armor than in a flimsy fighter cockpit. This has more to do with the fact that the ''Andromeda'', for most of the series, is operating with a crew that doesn't even qualify as a "skeleton crew". Though since there's no SubspaceAnsible in the series fighters need to stick close to the Andromeda while under remote control, and combat usually takes place at distances of several light-minutes.
* Largely avoided in ''Franchise/StarTrek''. While many ships carry a small contingent of shuttlecraft which are the same size as small fighters, there are few ships that even resemble dedicated battlecarriers. Those few include the ''Scimitar'' in ''Film/StarTrekNemesis'', the ''Akira''-Class, and the non-existent "Warship ''Voyager''". Some ships that are called fighters are more akin to corvettes. (The shuttlecraft themselves often became ForgottenPhlebotinum.)
** That being said, as mentioned above, the ''Enterprise''-D would fit the exploratory type of battlestar. The ''Galaxy''-class is designed to be Starfleet's most formidable Starship class, with a full 720 degree arc of fire for its phaser banks and is capable of firing salvos of photon torpedoes. In addition, it carries a large complement of shuttles for transporting [=VIPs=] and conducting away missions.
** The lack of "space fighters" in Star Trek is mainly due to production costs and the laws of physics. In TOS, it was hard enough to afford the SFX for phasers, photon torpedoes, and a single shuttlecraft. In the movies, the reason was science advisor (and NASA engineer) Jesco von Puttkamer, who pointed out that physics doesn't allow fighters to maneuver in vacuum the way they do in atmosphere, never mind That Other Sci-Fi Movie Franchise over at 20th Century-Fox. To put it simply, anything a "space fighter" can do in an actual space battle, a guided missile can probably do better, not to mention cheaper. (It doesn't need a pilot, it can be stored in a magazine, and you don't have to worry about recovering it after you've used it.) Starships in ST, TV or movies, are basically the space-going equivalent of modern guided-missile cruisers, like the U.S. Ticonderoga class or the Russian Kirov class. Their job is to use long-range, precision-guided missiles (the photon torpedoes) to achieve "stand-off kills". Their phaser banks are technically secondary weapons, roughly equivalent to the cruisers' 5" (or in the Kirov's case, 100mm) turret guns, or their rapid-fire Close-In Weapon Systems for defense against the other side's anti-ship missiles. (It's interesting that only the Star Fleet Battles game ever picked up on this point.) The fact that they tend to end up in point-blank phaser duels more often than not is mainly due to Rule of Cool plus, frankly, writers who Did Not Read The Manual. (Yes, the Writer's Guide for The Original Series explains all this.)
** The Federation actually ''does'' have dedicated starfighters, but they've only been seen in passing during huge fleet battle scenes in ''Deep Space Nine''. Part of this may be due to the fact that Starfleet, philosophically, is not a pure military but a hybrid military/science/exploration/diplomacy organization. Starfighters would be used primarily in full warfare situations. Even making the USS ''Defiant'' as a dedicated warship was a controversial choice -- though it shows what Starfleet can make when they set their mind to it. The ''Defiant'' is officially classed as an "Escort" (in the Destroyer sense), but is capable of engaging ships well above its size class: it can fight enemy Cruisers and Battleships on a near-even footing (successfully fighting off an ''Excelsior''-class that was trying to capture it), and its high maneuverability can even give it a fair chance against enemy Dreadnaughts. And it's only got four decks and a crew of about fifty people. Of course, it was designed as a next-generation Borg-buster, filled with cutting edge technology -- imagine what Starfleet could do if they tried to build a battleship at these specs.
** The new Star Trek movies do pick up on this, however. The scene at the beginning with the ''Kelvin'' and the ''Narada'' shows the use of phaser turrets to act as a point-defense weapon. Torpedoes are the main artillery for both the ''Kelvin'' and the ''Enterprise''.
** Screenwriter and sci-fi author Creator/DavidGerrold also stated in his standalone works that the distances involved in real space warfare would be too great for the idea to work, and consequently submarine warfare was a more accurate analogy.
* ''Series/UltramanTiga'' has the ''Artdessei'', a carrier battleship capable of carrying three GUTS Wing fighters and packing a WaveMotionGun. It's a relatively small example of the trope, but since it's TwentyMinutesIntoTheFuture...
* The Alliance "city-cruisers" in ''Series/{{Firefly}}'' appear to be these, carrying a large number of "gunship" fighters and also some heavy energy weapons. In ''Serenity'', we also encounter another, fairly StandardSciFiFleet.
* In ''Series/{{Farscape}}'' the Peacekeeper Command Carriers belong in this category, being armed with batteries of anti-ship Frag Cannons and possessing a large complement of Prowler fighters and Marauder troop transports.
** The mini-series ''Peacekeeper Wars'' starts with a SpaceBattle showing two {{Standard Sci Fi Fleet}}s clash, sparking off the Peacekeeper-Scarran conflict, which has been brewing for years.

[[folder:Tabletop Games]]
* ''TabletopGame/{{Traveller}}'' had several "carrier" starships with [[WaveMotionGun spinal mount weapons]] and fighters or gunboat/corvette-style "Battle Riders". This was also true of the ''Tigress''-class dreadnought, and indeed most Imperial cruisers and battleships.
* ''TabletopGame/Warhammer40000'' has [[{{Understatement}} a few]].
** In its grand tradition of never doing anything subtle, they're build in sizes that put everyone else on this page to shame, with windows alone being the size of the Empire State Building. Cannons aren't any smaller, though they notably [[WeWillUseManualLaborInTheFuture use manual labor to load the cannon shells]]. The Imperial Mars Class Battlecruiser is a pretty good example, easily 10+ kilometers long.
** Then there is of course the Eldar Craftworlds which are planetoid-sized Battlestars capable of launching fleets of "ordinary" Battlestars.
** Since fighter-sized vessels (not frigates) in [=WH40K=] are often not FTL-capable, they are usually launched from a nearby carrier, some of which are quite heavily armed. Also, "stand alone" battlegroups such as Space Marine Battle Barges carry their own squadrons of fighters.
** In ''Battlefleet Gothic'' game waves of bombers are powerful enough to destroy a battleship. Hence fighters are required to counter the bombers. However, the biggest carrier, the Emperor class, is still technically a battleship, and carries only marginally less weapon batteries (total; it can actually concentrate more firepower to one side due to most of it being carried in dorsal turrets) than the Retribution class, which is a dedicated "ship of the line". The difference is mostly the Emperor's lack of lances.
** It should also be noted that many [=WH40K=] races are extremely keen on boarding actions and battleships can carry varying number of boarding pods to launch at enemies.
* ''TabletopGame/BattleTech'' has its [[WeWillUseWikiWordsInTheFuture WarShips]]. Where plain old [=JumpShips=] are essentially immobile and unarmed targets only capable of ferrying [=DropShips=] from one star to the next due to about 95% of their mass being dedicated to their K-F drive alone, [=WarShips=] employ special "compact" cores that only weigh up about half as much and thus leave plenty of tonnage free to fill with maneuvering drives, guns, cargo, an organic fighter wing or two, more guns...and they can ''still'' carry [=DropShips=] with their own weapons and potential fighter assets just the same. (Just don't try to maneuver with the droppers still docked. You don't have magic "inertia dampeners" in this universe, so trying to accelerate at even 1G would basically turn your [=WarShip=] into a skyscraper with thousands-of-tons weights hanging from its sides by their docking collars...if your fleet is to go anywhere in-system, the [=DropShips=] will have to fly side-by-side with their big brother under their own power.) They're pretty rare in most eras of the game: they're flat out extinct through the Succession Wars in the Inner Sphere and post-Word of Blake Jihad era they've been relegated to TooAwesomeToUse status because only a couple of the major factions have more than one or two and nobody still has the technical ability to easily build replacement parts, much less new warships. This was because the game's lead developer considered them to be {{GameBreaker}}s.
* One of the sample ships in ''TabletopGame/{{GURPS}}: Spaceships'' is a massive dreadnought that carry 100000 tons of other ships inside, the idea being that it can carry its own escort fleet from place to place.
* ''TabletopGame/JovianChronicles'': The Jovian Godsfire-class super carrier and the CEGA Poseidon-class battleship. Somewhat justified that both were originally designed as battleships, but had exo and fighter bays added later on. The later Valiant and Majestic carriers qualify due to their [[WaveMotionGun spinal lasers]].
* The battleships of ''TabletopGame/StarFleetBattles'' exemplify this trope, with the greatest firepower in the game ''and'' large (for the game -- around a dozen) fighter contingents. "Historically" only the Klingons built them and [[AwesomeButImpractical they aren't very successful]], but they're [[CoolShip just so cool]] that every race gets a conjectural battleship and the Klingons get [[UpToEleven a conjectural super-battleship]] in one of the expansions.
** Many of the larger Hydran ships also fit the model, as the Hydrans are very fighter-happy and include them on most ships (even their tiny police ship carries fighters and launch tubes to get them out there fast).
** Also Space Control Ships, with their battleship level firepower and the ability to launch both fighters and "Fast Patrol Ships" ([[SpaceIsAnOcean basically PT boats]]). One even includes a sensor scout in the mashup to be a SUPER Space Control Ship. Of course, it still only carries a dozen fighters and six PFs.
** ''Star Trek: Starfleet Command'', being based on ''TabletopGame/StarFleetBattles'' has these too.
* ''TabletopGame/CrimsonSkies'' has Zeppelins that carry from 6 to 12 planes and 4 to 6 12-inch naval guns (basically battleship guns from 1900-1912), making them both the Battlestar ''and'' an AirborneAircraftCarrier.
* In ''TabletopGame/TwilightImperium'' War Suns both pack a lot of firepower and can carry fighters. Though they look like Death Stars. The cruiser unit looks suspiciously like the TropeNamer but can't carry fighters.
* In ''TabletopGame/HcSvntDracones'' Destroyers, Cruisers, and Dreadnaughts have a mix of drones and weapons arrays. While Carriers have no weapons and Battleships have no drones by default, but they have a couple Omni-Slots that can be upgraded with either.
* The ''TabletopGame/{{Spelljammer}}: Beyond the Moons'' fan expansion for ''TabletopGame/DungeonsAndDragons''' space setting has the [[http://www.spelljammer.org/ships/EagleCarrier.html Eagle Carrier]], a huge bird-shaped vessel of the human Space Fleet, whose flat wings serve as a landing area for smaller craft, and which bristles with ballistae and catapults.

[[folder:Puppet Shows]]
* The Supermarionation show ''Series/StarFleet'' gives a two-step variant: the huge alien mothership launches smaller carriers (looking like skeletal beasts) which then carry [[MookMobile imperial fighters]] under their "ribcage" for deployment in battle.

[[folder:Video Games]]
* All M1 carrier class ships in the ''VideoGame/{{X}}-Universe'' games are armed to the teeth, and carry dozens of fighters. They'll still be eaten alive by M2 destroyers (sometimes even by M7 frigates!) if the fighters aren't launched or get gunned down by flak arrays. This is largely because they lack the shielding and laser generator capacity of M2s. But the Split M7 Panther introduced in ''X3: Terran Conflict'' is a classic (if miniaturized) battlestar: it carries 32 fighters (much higher than ships of its class) while still being fast and fairly heavily armed.
** ''Videogame/XRebirth'' eschews the traditional ship classification of previous games, but most combat capital ships are battlestars to varying degrees, albeit using {{Drone Deployer}}s rather than {{Space Fighter}}s. The ultimate battlestar is the Arawn, a [[MileLongShip multi-kilometer long]] carrier, can carry several hundred drones and has mounting points for ''seventy'' turrets, several of which are within its cavernous interior. Cheaper, specialized ships like the Taranis eschew some drone carrying capacity in favor of bigger guns.
* ''VideoGame/CallOfDutyInfiniteWarfare'' features several examples, since all destroyers carry small fighting craft for self-defense or to launch limited assaults. The [[MileLongShip Olympus Mons]] is the only ship actually designated as a carrier, and is easily the most dangerous combat spacecraft in the game.
* ''Carrier Command: Gaea Mission'' shows a seabourne version, with both sets of MANTA aerial and WALRUS amphibious craft, and flak and plasma cannons (as well as the Hammerhead missile). Notably, it can't entirely hold its own in close combat, needing to deploy WALRUS' in order to counter hostile WALRUS' since its guns can't aim down at the water.
* At least a few types of ships in the ''Franchise/{{Halo}}'' universe are like this. Most notably, there's the Covenant assault carrier (a 5.3-kilometer behemoth), as well as the 29km supercarrier revealed in ''[[VideoGame/HaloReach Reach]]''. Most human ships can do both jobs as well -- but they are usually called "cruisers" or "frigates", and are tiny in comparison (1,191 and 490 meters respectively, though actual human carriers are larger at three kilometers).
** In ''VideoGame/{{Halo 4}}'', the 5.7-kilometer UNSC ''[[http://www.halopedia.org/images/0/0c/Infinity_fud_scale.jpg Infinity]]'' is a fully-fledged Battlestar. Armed to the teeth with four mass drivers, twenty-six ''thousand'' missiles and hundreds of fighter escorts, the ship is so big that it can carry ten frigates ''internally''. The ''Infinity'' is essentially a small fleet of its own, capable of smashing a Covenant fleet with laughable ease -- in one case, [[RammingAlwaysWorks quite literally]].
** And then there is ''[[http://www.halopedia.org/Mantle%27s_Approach Mantle's Approach]]'', the [[BigBad Didact's]] personal flagship. At its longest, the ''Approach'' is a staggering three hundred seventy-one kilometers, matched only by the Covenant holy city High Charity in scope and grandeur. The {{Word of God}} also insists that ''Mantle's Approach'' is nowhere close to being the largest warship in the Forerunners' arsenal. The only thing it's missing are the space fighters, but this is compensated for by the fact that the ''Approach'' is carrying a Forerunner superweapon ''and has a minimum crew requirement of one Forerunner to fly the damn thing''.
* Averted in ''VideoGame/{{Homeworld}}''. The Mothership has only a few small point defense weapons, and the later researched Carriers and Battleships are two distinct ships. It ''was'' used by the residents of the Garden of Kadesh, with their needle ships being capable of spewing hordes of fighters ''and'' firing at least two or more higher end [[WaveMotionGun Ion Beams]] each. This may be why their capital ships are among the only ships in the game you can't capture and incorporate into your own fleet.
** There's also the Bentusi Tradeships, whose primary weapons easily outclass those of the Kadeshi Needles. The player faction doesn't see them launch fighters until the semi-sequel, ''Homeworld: Cataclysm'', however.
** There's also the Turanic Raiders' carrier. The first time you encounter her she only launches fighters and corvettes and retreats after you finished destroying them, only using her point defense guns if you attack her with your own corvettes. When you meet her again, she attacks the Mothership with two ion cannons, and if you didn't build or capture a few frigates before the battle you're toast.
** ''Homeworld: Cataclysm'' also features this for the player faction's mothership; it's got six heavy [[MagneticWeapons mass drivers]] that are about equivalent to a ''heavy cruiser's'' gun armament, and it later acquires the [[{{WaveMotionGun}} Siege]] [[SphereOfDestruction Cannon]]. This goes some way towards balancing the fact that you can't manufacture frigates or capital ships until quite late in the campaign compared to the previous instalment.
** In ''Homeworld 2'' battlecruisers can't ''manufacture'' fighters like Carriers or the Mothership, but they do have facilities where fighters can dock and repair.
* ''VideoGame/WingCommander'' had this in several games, including the second game's TCS ''Concordia'', armed with a full carrier wing, the [[WaveMotionGun Phase Transit Cannon]] which would kill other ships in a single shot no matter their size, and eight {{Antimatter}} cannons.
** Many warships of destroyer size and larger also have integral fighter wings, albeit with rather fewer fighters than dedicated carriers.
** ''VideoGame/WingCommander III'' introduces the Kilrathi dreadnaught, an enormous (22 km) warship with a carrier's complement of fighters and numerous weapons, including anti-ship missiles.
** ''VideoGame/WingCommander IV'' features super-''carriers'', the ''Vesuvius'' class, absolutely humongous ships (e.g. your base ship, the ''Intrepid'', is absolutely ''dwarfed'' by them) designed to carry ''ten'' fighter wings, with a large number of point-defense weapons and [[{{BFG}} anti-capship guns]] (in the {{novelization}}), and such tough armor that to destroy one requires flying into the fight deck and trashing its innards. Oh and to add, these behemoths can ''[[LightningBruiser turn on a dime]]''. There are no super-weapons incorporated in the design... fortunately, since it's used ''against'' you.
** Although it doesn't start off as such by design, after the ''TCS Midway'' acquires the [[WaveMotionGun fleet-killing plasma cannon]] [[ImportedAlienPhlebotinum from an alien ship]] in ''Prophecy'', it fits this trope. Too bad that in one later mission, [[spoiler: it becomes a one-use-only weapon after it fires the first time, which ends up cruelly subverting the trope. In one "You've lost the game" scenario during the final mission, the ''Midway'' fires its cannon in an attempt to destroy the alien fleet warping through a gate, but ends up destroying itself in the process thanks to a power overload.]]
* Pretty much anything ''Destroyer''-class or bigger in the ''VideoGame/FreeSpace'' series comes with a bunch of fighters (it's never specified exactly how many, but pretty much "lots"; probably hundreds) plus beam cannons to take on other enemy warships.
** There is a few hints here and there that ''some'' of the larger of the smaller-than-Destroyer ship-classes can carry fighters. Considering the Terrans and Vasudans have no ships larger than a Destroyer in the first game, and that Destroyers explicitly can carry several wings of fighters...
*** The GTVA Colossus is explicitly 12 times the volume of a Shivan ''Lucifer''-class destroyer, (the in-game model is about 3 times the size of the GTD Orion) and carries 240 fighters and bombers in total.
* Pointedly avoided in the ''VideoGame/WingsOfDawn'' mod, where almost all capital ships are either a carrier that carries a lot of fighters, but not many guns, or a battleship with lots of guns and no fighter bay. The only true battlestars are the Nordera ''Battleaxe'' cruiser and the Hertak ''Armageddon'' dreadnought.
* All ships with fighter complements in the ''VideoGame/EscapeVelocity'' series have more firepower than other ships their faction has access to. This is probably because fighter bays can be installed on any ship with enough room, and anything big enough to carry much heavy firepower tends to be enormous anyways.
** The be-all and end-all of the ''EV Nova'' battlestars is the [[GameBreaker Polaris Raven]], a 1.2 km, vaguely butterfly-shaped ship literally built around its WaveMotionGun and a fighter bay with greater capacity than anything else in the game. For the most part, it's weirdly subverted in ''Nova'' since {{space fighter}}s are fairly useless: at best, you use them as a distraction for the AI and make the kill yourself. The exception is with the Polaris, whose Manta fighter mounts a main gun worthy of a destroyer, making it a credible threat to enemy capital ships in numbers.
* The ''Great Fox'' from the ''VideoGame/{{Starfox}}'' games. Albeit smaller than most examples, but it has the same philosophy; houses a squadron of four fighters, and has some pretty big anti-starship guns.
* Every ''VideoGame/SuperRobotWars'' game, virtually every mission, has you launching from some battleship or other. They both join in the fray as lumbering, slow (but rather durable) ships of the line, and provide a place for weakened mechs to dock and repair/refuel. The above examples from ''Franchise/{{Gundam}}'' and ''Anime/{{Macross}}'' are common, as well as originals such as the ''Hagane'' and ''Shirogane''. The ''Kurogane'' even has a giant ''[[ThisIsADrill drill]]'' on the front to ''[[RammingAlwaysWorks ram things]]''.
** W's Valstork goes the extra mile by attaching one of its robot contingent, the Valhawk, to its WaveMotionGun to amplify its power, and later actually combining with the Valhawk to form the giant ship-robot Valguard.
** And then there's the Iron Gear from ''Anime/{{Xabungle}}'', which in addition to packing an eight-inch gun, can just turn into a hundred-meter-tall robot and ''step on you''.
* Played with a little in ''VideoGame/EveOnline''; essentially every ship class is capable of launching and operating unmanned combat or utility drones, whether those ships are frigate-sized asteroid miners or kilometer-long warships packing high-powered beam lasers. But only ''true'' carriers (which cannot carry ''any'' ballistic, beam, or missile weaponry) can launch '''manned''' fighters, which are significantly more powerful than the unmanned drones and can be sent off to escort other players whilst carriers sit far away from trouble. Carriers can still mount some pretty formidable defenses, though, and their ability to repair and restore the shields of other ships can make them a fairly significant passive threat even without their fighters in play.
** Then there's the Mothership/Supercarrier and the even bigger Titan. They can carry ''players.''
*** Supercarriers had their ability to carry clone vats dropped and titans had their ability to carry drones dropped as well. The Titan could still be considered this trope taken to logical extremes.
* In the ''VideoGame/NavalOps'' series, there is a class of ship called the Battlecarrier. It can mount a moderate number of battleship-class guns and has a flight deck to allow a likewise moderate amount of planes (or [[LethalJokeCharacter ducks]]) to be deployed in battle.
** These ships are [[TruthInTelevision based off the]] converted [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ise_class_battleship Ise-class battleships]]; desperately short of carriers, the IJN converted ''Ise'' and ''Hyuga'' into battlecarriers. Battlecarriers ingame are a lot more successful than their real life counterparts ever were (see Real Life for further details), but are outmatched by properly outfitted battleships, in part because aircraft in the ''VideoGame/NavalOps'' series aren't as powerful as their real life counterparts.
* Averted by default in ''{{O-Game}}''. Small fighters do exist but they are implied to fly alongside all the others ships in an attack fleet rather than in carriers which raises serious logistical questions.
* In the ''VideoGame/StarControl'' series, the Ur-Quan Dreadnought can launch swarms of fighters to pick apart any ships its main gun can't obliterate. It's obviously meant to ''look'' almost exactly like the original Series/{{Battlestar Galactica|1978}}... well, if it were green, and crewed by ScaryDogmaticAliens who are the antagonists rather than the heroes.
** To a lesser extent, the Orz Nemesis (with its {{Space Marine}}s) and Chenjesu Broodhome (with remote-controlled drones) also qualify.
* In ''VideoGame/SinsOfASolarEmpire'', as capital ships level up, they gain the ability to house squadrons of fighters or bombers. Even the capital ships labeled as "carriers" still have enough firepower to, at least, fight off frigates and cruisers, although another capital ship will outgun it. The [[ScaryDogmaticAliens Advent]] ''Halcyon''-class carriers are armed with powerful beam weapons, allowing them to BeamSpam on par with the other Advent ships.
** Averted with the cruiser-type escort carriers, which have no weapons beyond their ability to construct and launch 1-3 wings of fighters or bombers.
** It should be pointed out, though, that the Advent use AttackDrones instead of actual {{Space Fighter}}s.
* ''VideoGame/SwordOfTheStars'' plays with this extensively:
** There are no true fighters or bombers, only assault shuttles, planetary bombers, and unmanned {{Attack Drone}}s. Most of these are riders mounted outside the ship rather than launched from an internal hangar or bay.
** Destroyer or cruiser carriers lack the firepower to be true line combatants. The closest are dreadnought carriers. The Morrigi (who else) flagship exemplifies this trope.
** One twist comes from the Morrigi, who mount drones on more ship types than other races that need special drone carrier sections.
** Another comes from the Tarka, whose [[AwesomeButImpractical admittedly late-game]] Hunter Battle Riders are ''cruiser-sized'' -- normal riders are dwarfed by destroyers -- with the attendant firepower that implies.
** SequelEscalation is in effect for the sequel, where all the races have destroyer-sized riders inspired by ''TabletopGame/{{Traveller}}'', while the Liir-Zuul alliance has gone up to ''dreadnought'' riders on Leviathans. Also, with Kingfisher modules, all dreadnoughts can carry some riders, though the dedicated carriers naturally do better.
* Military starships are divided into four main types in ''Franchise/MassEffect'':
** Dreadnoughts, kilometer-long behemoths with an 800 meter long [[MagneticWeapons mass accelerator]] capable of taking down the shields (it spam projectiles hitting with nuke-level force) of any ship in Citadel space.
*** As revealed in ''VideoGame/MassEffect3'', any ship can be classified as a dreadnought if it's fitted with powerful enough guns. Outfitting all civilian ships (including 3 massive liveships used for all food production) with the powerful Thanix cannons counts, although the quarians claim that [[LoopholeAbuse Citadel Law]] doesn't apply to them since they were effectively kicked out of Citadel Space centuries ago. Joker, normally a very light-hearted ComicRelief character, [[OOCIsSeriousBusiness angrily points out]] how irresponsible it is to put such powerful weapons on otherwise defenseless civilian ships, making them irresistable (and undefendable) targets rather than noncombatants.
** Carriers, similar in size to Dreadnoughts but armed only with fighters. Similar to modern aircraft carriers (a well-placed shot in the hangar will gut the carriers, and general strategy is to defend them at all costs). An entirely human innovation and one of many examples of HumansAreSpecial. Because Carrier construction is not limited by the Treaty of Farixen (see the [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Washington_Naval_Treaty Washington Naval Treaty]]), the human [[TheFederation Systems Alliance]] [[LoopholeAbuse builds as many of them as it can]]. In this case it's more of "only HumanityIsInsane enough to ZergRush a ship with anti-fighter lasers to a point were they overheat allowing heavy bombers to come in".
** Cruisers, mid-size ships that also carry a small number of fighters. They lack a dedicated hangar and therefore fit them into the spaces between layers of armor. This is the closest the Mass Effect has to the Battlestar, athough the [[AllThereintheManual in-game codex]] call them "[[CannonFodder The poor bloody infantry]]" of space warfare...
** Frigates, which carry no fighters and instead operate in "wolf-pack" flotillas.
** The Reapers themselves are classified as "dreadnoughts", and are absolute ''monsters'' in space combat... or ground combat, for that matter. Each of them also carries a swarm of Oculus drones for anti-fighter defenses as well, technically making them a battlestar.
* In the ''StarWars'' game ''Empire at War'', this is TheEmpire's [[PlanetOfHats hat]]: Any Imperial ship bigger than a corvette has several free fighter compliments. The logical conclusion is the ''Executor'', from the expansion, which can launch a squadron every few seconds, on top of being the biggest ship in the game.
* The ''Behemoth''-class battlecruisers in ''VideoGame/StarCraft'' in ExpandedUniverse act as carriers for ''Wraith''-class fighters, dropships, and other small craft. This is not, however, shown in the game, probably because the game [[UnitsNotToScale unit scaling is way off]], showing the fighters to be a third of the size of the battlecruisers.
** In the campaign of ''VideoGame/StarcraftII'' Raynor's Raiders use a battlecruiser as their base of operations, it's shown to have at least one hangar that fits nearly every other unit in the game and is apparently where the [[MobileFactory mobile starting structures]] for each mission deploy from.
*** In one mission of "Heart of the Swarm" the Hyperion is capable of launching "tac fighters" to help deal with swarms of enemies too numerous for just the main guns.
** Protoss carriers are also shown to have formidable weapons in ExpandedUniverse and the intro of the original game. Not so much in the game. A fan-made video shows the ''Ganthritor'' (Tassadar's flagship) OneHitKill several ''Behemoth''-class battlecruisers withotu even launching its interceptors.
** ''Videogame/StarcraftIILegacyOfTheVoid'' reveals that the Protoss have an even better example than Carriers: the Arkships. Three arkships were created by the Protoss at the height of their civilization as safeguards against extinction. An arkship contains the following: a Protoss Grand Preserver who has the memories of nearly every generation of Protoss before them, an army of Templar warriors kept in stasis, factories capable of producing advanced war machines, weapons capable of destroying planets, and a ''miniature sun'' to power it all. By the time ''Legacy'' rolls around, only one arkship is left, the ''Spear of Adun''. This ship serves as the mobile base of operations during the game. By they way, these ships are '''74 kilometers long''', and it dwarfs even a ''Zerg Leviathan''.
* [[SpacePolice Star Patrol]] in ''VideoGame/TachyonTheFringe'' have cruisers which appear to combine the characteristics of several different classes: speed/maneuverability of a frigate, firepower of a cruiser, and fighter-carrying capability of a carrier. Unfortunately, their capabilities are never shown in the game, which is focused on fighter combat. However, even dedicated carriers appear to have enough firepower to take out frigates with their turrets. During the final Bora mission, [[MegaCorp GalSpan]] Regional Director Atkins's flagship ''Zeus'', a carrier, blows away the latest Bora frigate with a single volley.
* The ''Durandal'' of the ''VideoGame/{{Xenosaga}}'' trilogy, a 4,000m-long [[strike:[[DoesThisRemindYouOfAnything penis extension]]]] sword-shaped battleship belonging to the Kukai Foundation. It possesses advanced weaponry that outstrips even the Federation's special forces and is regularly seen kicking the crap out of fleets of enemy ships. It made its debut in ''Episode I'' by ''ramming'' an enemy vessel, for crying out loud. It serves as home base for the protagonists for much of the series [[spoiler:until its absorbed by the EldritchAbomination Abel's Ark and is turned into a twisted and grisly NightmareFuel-providing wreck]].
* ''VideoGame/StarTrekOnline'' has two carriers for the Klingon side -- the Vo'Quv and the Kar'fi; both are battle-stars as the Vo'Quv carries 6 guns, and the Kar'fi 7. The main 'battleship' types in the game carry 8, so they aren't far behind at all, and the Vo'Quv is exceptionally tough. As the updates have passed, more carriers have been added -- all of which can carry some guns.
* ''VideoGame/InfiniteSpace'' has several classes of battleship that have catapults and so can be equipped with fighters. Some cruisers have them as well, but equipping them with fighters is usually less efficient as they have less space to spare.
* All battleships in ''VideoGame/{{Freelancer}}'' are implied to be Battlestars (at the very least, you can land on them, and I think other fighters do as well). However, fighters are so independent in the game (capable of their own hyperjumps, and often seen prowling on their own all over the Sirius sector) that it's more likely that a battleship is supposed to be ''escorted into battle by fighters'', rather than launch fighters upon entering battle, therefore staying on the very edge of this trope.
** The fighters also tend to be incredibly overpowered compared to capital ships. During the campaign, there are plenty of missions where you have to take out cruisers and battleships almost all by yourself. Better hope you packed your torpedo launcher this morning.
* The largest ships in the ''VideoGame/SpaceEmpires'' games are baseships, quite literally moving starbases. Being so spacious, they can accommodate lots of fighters as well as standard ship weaponry.
* If you've researched or otherwise acquired fighters in ''VideoGame/MasterOfOrion,'' you can put them on just about any ship. Since fighters can take quite some time to get to their targets and can be shot down on the way, Battlestars may be more viable than true carriers.
* In ''VideoGame/StarRuler'' you can tack ship bays together with guns on any spacecraft you design, as well as construction bays to add MobileFactory ability if you wish. However, since capacity scales with ship size, you will only get useful strikecraft complements with big capships. It helps to use Quantum Compressors to make {{Clown Car}}s. [[UpToEleven Then you get into ever-larger supercapital craft that use capitals for parasite complements...]] [[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0rjwZPRnv08 Behold.]] The famous ''Galactic Armory'' mod adds two hulls meant for this; the Carrier Hull, like the name suggests, leans more to normal carriers in being relatively thin-skinned and trades some space away for having strikecraft bays integrated right into the hull, while the Mothership Hull is closer to a Battlestar, trading out some space and not having the option of extra ship bays in order to accommodate more weapons and stuff.
* Averted for the players in ''VideoGame/BattlestarGalacticaOnline''. Escorts and Lines are pure combatants while Carriers have no business being at the front.
* ''VideoGame/StrangeAdventuresInInfiniteSpace'' and its sequel have several alien races with carriers, although not all could classify as Battlestars. The [[LizardFolk Garthan]] have Light Carriers that periodically launch fighters but are only armed with a pair of fairly weak missile launchers -- definitely not suited for close combat. The [[StarfishAliens Urluquai]] have much heavier carriers that not only launch fighters but can also hold their own with their powerful beam cannons (they're also cloaked until they're right on top of you). The Ravians also have such ships.
* The VideoGame/{{Starlancer}}-verse doesn't even have battleships, carriers are the biggest badasses in the fleet with the most weapons and shields. The next ship in line, the cruisers, are just mini-carriers that have less weapons and still carry fighters.
* The [[UnexpectedGameplayChange strategy portion]] of ''VideoGame/MissionCritical'' has capital ships that have 2 types of weapons: anti-ship missiles and PointDefenseless lasers. Main combat is done by {{Attack Drone}}s, which intercept enemy missiles and are too fast and maneuverable for the PD lasers to track. Until the events of the game, the [[UnitedNationsIsASuperpower UN]] has been dominating the war thanks to their better drones (humans are too slow to match them). That is why TheAlliance has developed Hype, a mix of drugs and nanotech that temporarily boosts the brain's processing power to allow a human to control drones, allowing the Alliance to win despite the enemy's superiority.
* The ''Bengal''-class carrier in ''VideoGame/StarCitizen''. To give you an idea of the BeamSpam involved, Roberts Space Industries had to reduce the number of guns firing by over half, or else the battle in the promo video would have been over in seconds.
** Ships like the ''Idris''-class corvette and destroyers have hangar space for a small number of fighters, but primarily rely on their guns for their offensive punch.
* The aircraft carrier from ''[[VideoGame/NintendoWars Advance Wars: Dual Strike]]'' could carry two air units and had a formidable arsenal of anti-aircraft missiles (as well as the longest reach of any indirect attacker). In Days of Ruin/Dark Conflict, the carrier was reworked, replacing the menacing missile battery with a weaker close-range anti-aircraft gun, but also giving it the ability to resupply and repair air units as well as build a short range multi-role plane. Cruisers have extended into quasi-Battlestar status: initially they were an anti-submarine, anti-aircraft ship capable of transporting two helicopters, but as of Dual Strike gained the ability to attack other naval units as well.
* ''VisualNovel/{{Sunrider}}'':
** The titular Sunrider is a heavily-armed prototype assault carrier, specifically designed to combine the firepower of a battleship with the carrying capacity of a carrier. Its armaments include banks of laser cannons, smaller pulse lasers, numerous anti-[[AmechByAnyOtherName Ryder]] flak guns, missile and torpedo launchers, heavy kinetic guns and a WaveMotionGun called the Vanguard Cannon. It can also carry up to twelve Ryders, though only six (or seven, [[OptionalPartyMember depending on your choices]]) are available to the player.
** Late in the game, PACT starts mass-producing its own Assault Carriers based on the Sunrider’s design. While they lack the Sunrider’s Vanguard Cannon and torpedoes, PACT Assault Carriers are otherwise just as heavily-armed and each one [[EnemySummoner can deploy up to ten Ryders in a single battle]], making them some of the most dangerous enemy units in the game.
* ''VideoGame/WarcraftIII'' has a biological example with the Crypt Lord, an enormous, heavily armored zombie spider-beetle-mantis... thing, that can release locusts from its body to attack nearby enemies, make mooks from nearby corpses, and even has an equivalent of a WaveMotionGun with its Impale spell, which damages and stuns enemies in a line.
* ''VideoGame/FromTheDepths'': The various [[AirborneAircraftCarrier Airborne Aircraft Carriers]] are also potent warships in their own right not completely reliant on the fighters they release for projecting firepower.
* The ending animation in ''Enigma: Rising Tide'' shows the ''Bismarck'' and the ''Tirpitz'' being converted into battlecarriers after [[AlternateHistory this 'verse]]'s equivalent of the attack on Pearl Harbor (except here, it's the US Navy performing a sneak attack on the Imperial German fleet at Scapa Flow in occupied Britain with Chancellor [[RedBaron Manfred von Richthofen]] making a speech eerily similar to FDR's and declaring an end to the age of the battleship). The photo shows the ''Bismarck'' with an aft flight deck but still having her two forward 14.96" turrets.
* All carriers in ''VideoGame/BattlestationHarbinger'' have at least a few normal weapon hardpoints besides their SpaceFighter/AttackDrone bays. Since the game doesn't limit what weapon scan be mounted onto a hardpoint, there's nothing wrong with flying a light carrier with two squadrons of fighters/drones/bombers, while also mounting a [[NukeEm nuclear missile launcher]] and a [[WaveMotionGun death ray]]. True, such a ship would likely not have good survivability in close combat due to low HP and shield strength, but she might make for a good mid-range combatant, especially with the fighters keeping the enemy busy. Heavier carriers are more in line with this, featuring tougher ships with more weapon hardpoints and, possibly, more bays.
* In ''VideoGame/{{Stellaris}}'', [[SpaceFighter Strikecraft]] hangars are huge-sized components that take up the same slots as weapons, so only cruisers and battleships are large enough to carry them. They can be pretty well-armed, and armor and shields take up different slots (point-defense are weapons though), but still not to the same degree as purely weapons-carrying ships.
* ''VideoGame/KantaiCollection'':
** Type 1: ''Ise'' and ''Hyuuga'', can be remodeled into Aviation Battleships, just like their RealLife counterparts. Additionally, their predecessors ''Fusou'' and ''Yamashiro'' can also be remodeled in this fashion. [[labelnote:Historical note]]There were plans to remodel the ''Fusou''-class ships after the ''Ise''-class conversions were complete, but urgent needs for surface combatants and a lack of planes prevented this.[[/labelnote]] They lose some firepower (until ''Fusou'' and ''Yamashiro'' get their second remodel) in exchange for being able to carry seaplane fighter-bombers and anti-submarine auto-gyros. This makes them useful for providing air superiority in situations where a carrier can't be brought, and for fighting submarines where other battleships would be floating targets.
** Type 2: ''Graf Zeppelin'' and ''Saratoga'' (before her remodel) carry heavy cruiser-sized guns, allowing them to attack at night when other carriers cannot.
** The Abyssals get into this too: the [[BossInMookClothing Re-class battleship]] is a type 1 that one-ups everything with battleship cannons and armor, a torpedo cruiser's complement of torpedoes and at least 140 fighter-bombers. The elite version has a torpedo launcher that works in the opening torpedo phase, allowing her to [[TheComputerIsACheatingBastard attack in every phase of the battle]]. The Armored Carrier Demon/Princess is a type 2 as her major focus is fighters and dive bombers, with only a single slot for battleship guns. The Southern Demon/War Demon/War Princess is a type 1 that only carries fighters, except in her Southern War Demon form where she swaps out one of her guns for a bomber complement.
* Carriers in ''VideoGame/StarlightTactics'' are this, such as the ''Yangtze River'' or ''Xerxes'' classes. While they can launch a number of fighters, they primarily deal damage with their powerful main guns. They are also heavily armored, allowing them to go toe-to-toe with dedicated battleships.
* ''VideoGame/SidMeiersStarships'' allows you to upgrade systems on the ships of your fleet, which means there's nothing (except cash flow) preventing you from upgrading a ship's fighter bays, as well as the ship's weapons and defenses in order to fit the trope. So, eventually you can have a powerful front-line battleship that can also launch a fighter wing every turn up to a max of 9.

[[folder:Web Comics]]
* Battlestars show up on practically all major sides in ''Webcomic/SchlockMercenary'' -- with the advent of advanced gravity control and AI present in the series, capital ship battles appear to be decided by who is able to project the most force in as many different ways as possible, with one-trick ponies giving way to ships that can do many things at the same time. The second ship of the protagonists is a decommissioned Tausennigan Thunderhead Superfortress named the "[[FluffyTheTerrible Post-Dated Check Loan]]", which fits the trope. Later we get introduced to the Human Battleplates, which are equally well-fitting. The Battleplate "Morokweng" is so big that its interior looks like a minor city: It can hold and launch not just one-man fighters, but starships with hundreds if not thousands of crew.
** The (probable) crowning example would be the so-far only seen Tausennigan "plate-class" ships, which includes the species (apparent) flagship "Cloak of Untrammelled Dignity". At little over one thousand kilometres in length and a total size of five hundred thousand cubic kilometres, it is roughly about five ''thousand'' times larger than the "Morokweng" (assuming the "Morokweng" was about twice the size of the "Tunguska", one of the oldest and smallest battleplates at a 'mere' 32 cubic kilometres in size).
* The eponymously named "Moonhawk" in [[http://www.starshipmoonhawk.com/ Starship Moonhawk]] is a prime example of both a Battlestar and a WaveMotionGun. However, the latter has (thus far) only appeared in bonus art.
* The ''Sabrosa'' in ''Webcomic/AmongTheChosen'' is this as well as a training vessel.

[[folder:Western Animation]]
* From ''WesternAnimation/ExoSquad'' we have the ''Resolute'' and ''Resolute II'' which are [[CoolStarship cool starships]]. They double as Exo-Frame Carriers and both carried huge guns into battle, making them Battlestars.

[[folder:Real Life]]
* The [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ise_class_battleship ''Ise''-class battleships]] ''Ise'' and ''Hyuga'' were converted into hybrid battleship-carriers (航空戦艦, Kōkū Senkan or Aviation Battleship, USN Classification: BBV) during World War Two, removing two of their rear turrets in exchange for small flight decks and a capacity of 22 seaplanes and divebombers. The small size of the flight deck meant that their utility as carriers are comparable to that of an escort carrier at best, and due to the lack of both planes and flight crews, their operational use ended up rather unsuccessful, to the point where the ships continued to be employed as pure battleships right up until their career as warships effectively ended during the Battle off Cape Engaño, where they as part of the pitiful remnants of Japanese aircraft carrier forces were overwhelmed by swarms of American fighter-bombers, and suffered the indignity of being reduced to floating anti-aircraft batteries for the remainder of their lives. In retrospect, their seaplanes would have been useful as scouts and anti-submarine patrols (both of which the Japanese '''desperately''' needed in order to make up for the US Navy's superior radar technology and extensive use of submarines), scenarios where the battleships' guns would be tucked away and therefore not interfere with aircraft operations. But then again, by the time the battleship-carriers came on-line, Japan already had trouble building enough of ''any'' plane.[[note]]It should be noted Japan's original plans were to convert ''all'' their battleships except ''Yamato'' and ''Musashi'' into full-fledged aircraft carriers, but that a lack of resources forced them to make that conversion instead.[[/note]]
** The Imperial Japanese Navy operated also two heavy cruisers of the ''[[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tone-class_cruiser Tone]]''-class, that had all their main guns mounted forward while their stern was designed to have facilities for launching seaplanes.[[note]]Unlike the other IJN ships, these cruisers were designed from the start for that role using the aircraft for long-range reconnaissance.[[/note]] In 1943 the cruiser ''[[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Japanese_cruiser_Mogami_%281934%29#Respite_in_Japan Mogami]]'' was modified for a similar role, removing her aft guns in exchange for a deck with rails to operate floatplanes, and there were even [[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ise-class_battleship#Conversion_to_hybrid_carriers plans]] in the IJN to give another old pair of battleships of theirs an ''Ise''-like configuration.
** Earlier aircraft carriers did approach a "cruiserstar" configuration -- American carriers ''Lexington'' and ''Saratoga'' and the Japanese carriers ''Akagi'' and ''Kaga'' (all four were converted from capital ships under construction in the wake of the London Naval Treaty: the first three from battlecruisers and ''Kaga'' from a battleship) were all fitted with heavy cruiser-caliber big guns and could theoretically fight on equal terms with anything smaller than a battleship or battlecruiser. In reality, the guns were often positioned where they were either of little use or actually ''detrimental'' to their aviation facilities[[note]]Firing the cruiser guns to the port side by ''Lexington'' or ''Saratoga'' would have ruined their respective flight decks, and ''Akagi'' and ''Kaga'' had their big guns moved to casemates just above the stern where they not only were practically useless but also added the threat of a magazine explosion close to the ship's very vulnerable rudder and propellers.[[/note]] and the huge, unarmored flight decks made them vulnerable in a gun fight. The two Japanese carriers went down without any enemy ship getting anywhere near firing distance, while their American counterparts had their big guns removed and replaced with far more useful anti-aircraft or dual-purpose weapons).
** It is worth noting that defensive armament on late-war aircraft carriers such as the American ''Essex'' class would include a battery of 5-inch guns in so-called "Dual Purpose" mounts -- designed to engage either attacking aircraft or any smaller enemy ships that got inside their fighter screen. This is, however, more of a result of unified logistics (the Dual Purpose mounts in question are standardized on all new-constructions and extensive reconstructions of frontline warships in the US) than anything else. In practice, it was almost impossible for enemy surface combatants to get close enough to engage an aircraft carrier, due to their combination of being very fast and having dozens of planes on board to spot enemy ships miles away,[[note]]Not to mention their usually heavy escort that ranged from destroyers to battleships[[/note]] making these guns' anti-ship capability merely academic in nature. Dual purpose mounts on carriers were used against surface ships in only one engagement: the [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_off_Samar Battle off Samar,]] and only because the escort carriers of Taffy 3 were unable to outrun the Center Force.
** During the course of World War One a number of Royal Navy capital ships were fitted with flying off platforms mounted on the roofs and gun barrels of the main turrets. These allowed the ships to both carry and launch fighters or scouts. The obvious limitation of this system being that there was nowhere for the aircraft to land, necessitating ditching and the possible loss of the pilot.
** Similarly to the above example, many interwar and WWII warships larger than a destroyer had equipment to transport and launch seaplanes to be used mainly for scouting and fire control purposes.
*** They could also be equipped with special fighters fittingly dubbed "catapult fighters". These notably played a role in the attack on Pearl Harbor where they were the only planes America could launch fast enough against the Japanese.
** The British warship HMS ''Furious'' also went through a rather impractical phase with a launching deck at the front and a battleship-grade gun at the back, before being eventually fully converted to a flush-deck aircraft carrier that would actually be useful for aircraft operations. Despite her armament, she was very lightly armoured. Along with her sister ships, ''Glorious'' and ''Courageous'' which also underwent numerous major refits, their designs were not considered a success and earned them the nicknames ''Curious'', ''Spurious'' and ''Outrageous''.
** The first experiments in landing and launching aircraft from ships involved temporary wooden decks being placed across the aft of a battleship or armoured cruiser, which at the time was sufficient due to the aircraft of the time being slow enough to take off and (with assistance of arrestor wires) land on such a short runway. The aft turret wasn't removed, so in theory it could have still been used in an emergency (destroying the flight deck in the process), but since no ships ever went to war in this configuration that wasn't an issue.
** USS ''Midway'' was initially armed was enough secondary guns to repulse destroyer and torpedo boat attacks in addition to her formidable armor. She was initially designed with more than twice the amount she was launched with too. This unusual choice was because it was thought that she would conduct bombing runs deep into mainland Japan to support an invasion, potentially bringing her into the range of the Japanese navy.
* USS ''White Plains'' is the only aircraft carrier to have scored a kill with its guns. Well, gun. Ironically, it was very poorly armed compared to any of the above examples, only boasting a single five-inch gun. Luckily for the carrier, said five-inch gun landed a hit on the torpedo tubes of the heavy cruiser ''Chokai''. And since Japanese torpedoes were propelled by [[MadeOfExplodium compressed oxygen]] and were right next to the engines... boom. She also survived a shelling from the battleship ''Yamato'', despite her nonexistent armor, prior to doing this. This would have been an amazing result for most classes of battleships under similar situations.[[note]] This is less impressive than it sounds; ''Yamato'''s shells landed just short of ''White Plains'' and detonated underwater. The damage still forced the escort carrier to return to the Continental US for repairs shortly afterward.[[/note]]
* Also from the IJN, the ''[[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/I-400-class_submarine I-400]]''-class submarine aircraft carrier. Well armed for a submarine with torpedoes and a deck gun, it also carried a full squadron of three float planes. Given the late nature of the war, it was speculated they would instead execute Kamikaze attack, making it closer to a modern ballistic missile submarine. Alternatively, the planes could carry bombs with biological weapons and use them against population centres such as Los Angeles but thankfully, they never got to this point.
** Most other IJN submarines had an hangar to carry one or even two floatplanes for reconnaissance too. Launching procedures were, however, slow consisting of surfacing, opening the hangar's doors, assembling the aircraft(s), moving it outside to take-off, and after returning and retrieving the plane with a crane repeating the process on inverse order once the job was done.
* Similar to the ''I-400'', but early, the French submarine-cruiser ''Surcouf''. It carried 2 floatplanes, 10 torpedo tubes (6 forward, 4 aft), and 2 8-inch turreted guns. And it was commissioned in 1934!
* The ''[[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Russian_aircraft_carrier_Admiral_Kuznetsov Admiral Kuznetsov]]'' is known for being built with a dramatically different approach in mind compared to US aircraft carriers. Unlike these, it carries primary offensive armament in form of ship-to-ship missiles and the fighters it has on board serve defensive rather than power projection purposes. Although it carries a very CoolPlane (the Sukhoi [Su]-33), the ski ramp used for takeoffs seriously limits the loads that they can carry (a trade-off for being less expensive to build and operate than steam catapults), leaving the aircraft limited to air defense rather than offense. However, the design has proved AwesomeButImpractical in the post-Cold War environment (as Russia, like the US, finds herself in conflicts against countries with no capability nor desire for sea control), and the ship is slated for a refit in which its anti-ship missile launchers will be replaced with a larger hangar to carry more aircraft (mirroring the alterations China made in completing the ''Kuznetsov'''s sister ship ''Varyag'' as the ''[[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chinese_aircraft_carrier_Liaoning Liaoning]]''), while the Sukhois will be swapped for the lighter [=MiG=]-29Ks. It will likely keep its full load of anti-aircraft missiles, though, so it probably will retain its "battlestar" status.
** Also worthy of mention are their smaller and less capable predecessors, the ''[[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kiev_class_aircraft_carrier Kiev]]''-class carriers. These carried a battery of very powerful anti-ship missiles and a varying fit of anti-aircraft missiles, and operated an air wing of helicopters and V/STOL aircraft. Their missiles made them formidable as missile cruisers but the very troublesome [=Yak=]-38 fighters curtailed their effectiveness as a carrier. Those were supposed to be replaced by the significantly more capable [=Yak=]-141, but only two protoypes were ever built before the Soviet Union ceased to exist and funding collapsed. The last of the ''Kiev''s, the ''Admiral Gorshkov'', was built with [[MoreDakka Even More Dakka]] than the first three ships, but has since been stripped of its "battlestar" status after being sold to India as the INS ''Vikramaditya'' and converted into a full-length aircraft carrier with only short-range defensive armament.
** In the case of both classes, the Soviets had sound technical, doctrinal, and political reasons for building them the way they did. [[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Montreux_Convention_Regarding_the_Regime_of_the_Straits The Montreux Convention, which governs transit of warships through the Bosporus]], allowed the transit of capital ships but sets restrictions on other types of ships, including aircraft carriers. As the largest Soviet shipyards, and the ones building the ''Kiev'' and ''Kuznetsov'' classes, were located on the Black Sea, the heavy anti-ship missiles allowed the Soviets to [[LoopholeAbuse call them capital ships]] and transit them through the straits. This was necessary due to the doctrinal reasons: namely, that the ships were intended to provide air cover for the forces covering Soviet SSBN bastions from American attack, rather than the strike-oriented expeditionary role of American carriers. This also required them to operate in Arctic waters, hence the prior {{Loophole Abuse}}. And finally, the Soviets were learning how to build carriers at all; carrying the missile armament they did still gave them some use if their aviation facilities failed.
* During the Cold War, there were suggestions to convert the ''[[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iowa-class_battleship Iowa]]''-class battleships into hybrid battleship carriers like the ''Ise'' and ''Hyuga'' above; the conversion concept called for removal of the aft 16-inch turret and installing a ski jump and hangar facilities to support Harrier jump jets. Cost and practicality issues (among other things, the resulting ship would've been rather topheavy, to the point that capsizing in heavy seas would be a legitimate danger) meant that the concept never gained serious traction within the US Navy.
** However they did have a blacktop capable of serving a limited number of [=VTOLs=] installed aft of the battery.
* The British ''[[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Invincible-class_aircraft_carrier Invincible]]''-class aircraft carriers were called "Through-Deck Cruisers" and equipped with the Sea Dart SAM system in order to sell the ships to a Parliament that had just recently forced retirement of the Royal Navy's last conventional carriers. Ultimately [[AvertedTrope averted]], as the development of the Sea Harrier gave the ships fixed-wing capability, and the Sea Dart system was eventually removed in favor of a CIWS gun.
* Much like seaplanes in World War II, most warships today carry, in addition to their gun and missile systems, at least one helicopter. Many classes took this a step further, ships like the Japanese ''[[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shirane-class_destroyer Shirane]]'' class or Soviet ''[[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Moskva-class_helicopter_carrier Moskva]]'' class dedicating a good half the ship to helicopter facilities aft, in addition to respectable missile armament forward. In most cases, these vessels are heavily focused on ASW, which helicopters are very good at.