We three kings have travelled far, how we wish we had a car.
The Star of Bethlehem, also called the Christmas Star, is a star in Christian
tradition that revealed the birth of Jesus to the magi (or "wise men") and later led them to Bethlehem. According to the Gospel of Matthew, the magi
were men "from the east" who were inspired by the appearance of the star to travel to Jerusalem. There they met King Herod of Judea, and asked where the king of the Jews had been born. Herod then asked his advisers where a messiah could be born. They replied Bethlehem, a nearby village, and quoted a prophecy by Micah. While the magi were on their way to Bethlehem, the star appeared again. As they followed the star, it stopped this time above the place where Jesus was born. The magi found Jesus with his mother, paid him homage, worshipped him and gave gifts. They then returned to their "own country".
Many Christians see the star as a miraculous sign given by God to mark the birth of the Christ (or Messiah). Some theologians claimed that the star fulfilled a prophecy, known as the Star Prophecy. In modern times, astronomers have proposed various explanations for the star. A nova, a planet, a comet, an occultation and a conjunction [alignment of planets] have all been suggested. The star has also been interpreted as an astrological event.
Many scholars question the historicity of the story and argue that the star was a fiction created
by the author of the Gospel of Matthew. While its historicity is in dispute, the tradition of a star has given rise to other Christmas traditions, like topping the Christmas tree with a star. In the Philippines, the bamboo parol
("pah-role"), or star lantern, is the symbol of Christmas.
Interestingly, if the wise men had followed the star Sirius whenever it was visible, they would have indeed reached Bethlehem.
Works this appears in:
- The Bible, by many interpretations.
- Many Christmas carols:
- "We Three Kings of Orient Are"
- "The First Noel"
- "Do You Hear What I Hear?"
- "Oh Holy Night"
- "Angels We Have Heard On High"
- Sci-Fi short stories sometimes like this star for a Tomato Surprise. For instance, in Arthur C. Clarke's The Star, a Jesuit astronomer is a member of the crew which finds the remains of a peaceful, near-utopian society on a planet that had a total extinction when its sun went supernova. His faith is shaken when he realizes that supernova was the Star of Bethelehem.
Oh, God, there were so many stars you could have used. What was the need to give these people to the fire, that the symbol of their passing might shine above Bethlehem?
- The story was adapted into a Twilight Zone episode, but it had a happier ending.
- In the Christmas story The Littlest Angel, the littlest angel's gift to the Child Jesus (a box he had on Earth, containing the sort of small things that are treasures to a very young boy — a butterfly, a bird's egg, two stones, and the collar that had been his dog's) is turned into the Star of Bethlehem. You can read it here. note
- The VeggieTales movie The Star of Christmas had wacky hijinks revolving around an ancient artifact "The Star of Christmas" representing the Star of Bethlehem.
- The Star of Bethlehem appears in A Certain Magical Index Volume 22 as an Ominous Floating Castle summoned by Fiamma of the Right.
- A proverbial Star of Bethlehem appears at William's Christ-like birth in The X-Files episode "Existence".
- In a pre-Crisis Superboy/Legion story, the Teen Of Steel wants to use his pals' advanced tech to finally locate the Star. Skeptical Brainiac 5 nonetheless aids the search, but all his efforts reveal is a planet full of a species of alien in desperate need of help. Though they never find the Star, Superboy decides that a planet in need of aid that they would never have found but for the search is the same thing as a star that seemingly never existed.
- In the Chris de Burgh song A Spaceman Came Travelling, the star turns out to be the spacecraft of the alien spaceman, parked over Bethlehem.
And over a village he halted his craft
'And it hung there just like a star, just like a star....
- Appears in Life of Brian. The magi come to the stable where Brian was born, rather than the one Jesus was born in (the one next to it.)