ScienceFiction, {{Fantasy}}, AlternateHistory and [[ScienceFantasy everything in between]].

The term 'Speculative Fiction' was originally a "backronym" for the initials SF; at the time, during the NewWaveScienceFiction movement of the 1960s, some writers felt that science fiction, or 'sci-fi', was equated to flying saucers and rubber monsters, and wanted to distinguish themselves with a new genre label. The desire for a separate category became even greater when people began to apply the sci-fi label to horror films containing blatantly supernatural elements (such as various immortals) but few if any science-based elements whatsoever. Over time, however, the term 'Speculative Fiction' grew to become a SuperTrope covering not only what self-described Speculative Fiction authors wrote, but also the SciFi and Horror B-movies they were trying to distinguish themselves from. Nevertheless, Speculative Fiction can be applied to a work correctly or incorrectly in order to help it avoid the SciFiGhetto; it can allow the more pretentious to believe that their favorite work is a proper 'literary' work with no connection to and thus obvious superiority over that geeky science fiction or fantasy.

Today Speculative Fiction covers practically the entire fantastic end of the SlidingScaleOfRealisticVersusFantastic, including {{fantasy}}, ScienceFiction, {{horror}}, and other, less well-known genres. (In this genre, JustHereForGodzilla is in full effect.) However, there are many speculative fiction stories that fall on the border between genres, and others that may be completely unclassifiable. Furthermore, many of these genres can be either used to [[NightmareFuel terrify]] or PlayedForLaughs, with the latter producing such genres as comic SF and comedy - horror.

See the [[Analysis/SpeculativeFiction Analysis page]] for why the boundary between {{Fantasy}}, ScienceFiction, and {{Horror}} is fuzzy, and why a broad term like Speculative Fiction is necessary.

The individual tropes are listed on SpeculativeFictionTropes. See the '''SpeculativeFictionCreatorIndex''' for a list of pages for Speculative Fiction creators.
!!Speculative Fiction Sub-Genres:


* AlternateHistory
* BioPunk
* ClockPunk
* ComicFantasy literature
* {{Cyberpunk}}
** PostCyberpunk
** PunkPunk - Cyberpunk tropes and conventions juxtaposed with other genres and time periods
* DarkFantasy
* DieselPunk
* GaslampFantasy
* FairyTale
* {{Fantasy}}
* FantasticComedy on TV, fantasy elements used for parody or satire.
* HeroicFantasy
** SwordAndSorcery, which generally follows the style of the pulps.
* HighFantasy, the epitome of which is ''Literature/TheLordOfTheRings''
* HistoricalFantasy
* {{Horror}}
* LowFantasy
* MedievalEuropeanFantasy
* MagicRealism, "Hey! You got magic in my whimsical [[LitFic literary epic]]!"
* MundaneFantastic, fantasy elements intrude on mundane everyday life.
* NewWeird, non-derivative Horror, Scifi and Fantasy mostly blended together.
* ParanormalInvestigation
* ParanormalRomance
* PlanetaryRomance
* SandalPunk
* ScienceFantasy - {{Mix And Match}}ed scifi and fantasy elements
* {{Slipstream}}
* SpaceOpera
* SpaceWestern
* SpeculativeDocumentary
* SteamPunk
* StonePunk
* {{Superhero}}es
* SupernaturalFiction - It's all about ghosts, witches, suspense, and mystery
* SupernaturalSoapOpera
* SwordAndSandal
* TwentyMinutesIntoTheFuture
* UrbanFantasy
* VampireFiction