Animal characters in fiction run the gamut. Just a look at the listing in AnimalStereotypes shows that there are plenty of common enough animals that are used for their distinctive traits (presumed or real).

Then there's the Seldom Seen Species — that is, a species that, once you see it, makes you think, "Hey, you don't usually see that animal!" In some cases, this may be a forced attempt to avoid the countless existing AnimalStereotypes.

Some animals, such as monkeys, songbirds, and frogs, are usually represented by a generic or nondescript variant of the type of animal as opposed to an actual species of that type of animal. In that case, portraying an actual species of that type of animal would count if that actual species isn't commonly used in fiction.

This trope is a CyclicTrope because some species are more seldom seen in the media of some cultures, in certain forms of media, and in some time periods and than others. For example, red pandas are common in FurryFandom artwork, but are seldom seen in other fictional works and media.

Many of the older examples of this trope [[InformedSpecies look and act little (if not nothing) like their]] RealLife [[InformedSpecies equivalents]].

Examples of this trope should be species that are still seldom seen in media these days. Examples of older works that show species that were seldom seen in media at the time of the work's release, but not that seldom seen now are also allowed.

Contrast SmallTaxonomyPools.



* There are the two meerkats from ''Advertising/CompareTheMeerkat'', Alexandr and Sergei.
** Meerkats are related to mongooses, which have enjoyed moderate fame in Western culture over the past century and a half thanks to RudyardKipling's short story "Rikki-Tikki-Tavi." If a mongoose shows up, expect it to be creepy or even "evil" - even though Rikki himself was a good example of DarkIsNotEvil.
* The Advertising/{{GEICO}} Gecko.

[[folder:{{Anime}} and {{Manga}}]]
* Four of the five main characters of ''Manga/TokyoMewMew'' are actually infused with the DNA of an [[PantheraAwesome Irimote]] [[ cat]], an [[PollyWantsAMicrophone Ultramarine]] [[ Lorikeet]], a [[HeroicDolphin Finless]] [[ Porpoise]], and a [[EverythingsBetterWithMonkeys Golden Lion]] [[ Tamarin]] respectively. The idea is that, as these are all endangered species, their desire to continue living is what gives the girls [[MagicalGirl their powers]]. The fifth is the somewhat more common wolf.[[note]]However, both species of wolf that were native to Japan are extinct.[[/note]] Also, a character introduced for the video game gets her powers from the DNA of a Humboldt Penguin.
* ''VideoGame/DinosaurKing'' has numerous lesser-known dinosaurs such as ''[[ Mapusaurus]]'' and ''[[ Amargasaurus]]''.
* ''{{You Are Umasou}}'' has a ''[[ Chilantaisaurus]]'', ''Ornithocheirus'', and a herd of [[ titanosaurs]].
** The film also prominently features ''Maiasaura'', which is while a stock dinosaur hardly depicted in the media. ''Tylosaurus'' and ''Giganotosaurus'' make brief appearances as well, and ''Troodon'' were featured in the opening attacking the ''Maiasaura'' nesting grounds.
** The second film distributed by Korea has a ''Pawpawsaurus'' named Kirari, as well as ''Kronosaurus'' and ''Tapejara''.
* ''Manga/ShirokumaCafe'' has quite a handful of these, such as a [[ tamandua]] and a [[ shoebill]].
* Mayaa the [[ Iriomote Cat]] from ''Manga/AzumangaDaioh''.
* ''CowboyBebop'' has Ein the data dog, specifically a Pembroke Welsh Corgi.
* ''[[Anime/TheJungleBook Jungle Book Shōnen Mowgli]]'' has Kichi the red panda and Tabaqui the striped hyena (in contrast to most incarnations, where he is a jackal).
* ''[[ Anomalocaris]]'' has gained a certain degree of popularity in Japan; often depicted as a huge monster with ''four'' grasping appendages, such as in ''BubblegumCrisis'' and ''Series/KamenRiderDouble'', or highly stylized, like Anorith in ''{{Pokemon}}'' and Scorpiomon/Anomalocarimon in ''Franchise/{{Digimon}}''.
** Carisu Hime, the female main character in ''Cambrian QTs'', is an anthropomorphic ''Anomalocaris''.
* ''{{Doraemon}}'':
** "Nobita's Dinosaur 2006" prominently featured a ''Futabasaurus'' named Piisuke. ''Alamosaurus'', ''Maiasaura'', ''Baptornis'', and a giant ammonite appear as well.
** "Nobita and the Island of Miracles—Animal Adventure" has rhinoceros beetles, ''Ceratogaulus'', ''Chalicotherium'', ''Elasmotherium'', ''Gastornis'', ''Glyptodon'', ''Machairodus'', ''Megatherium'', moas, and ''Paraceratherium''.
** "New Nobita's Great Demon-Peko and the Exploration Party of Five" featured aardvarks as steeds for the humanoid dogs, a Congo peacock in the opening, red-crested turacos, a bushbaby, okapis, black-and-white colobus monkeys, a crowned crane, pangolins, bongo antelopes, and African clawless otters. The rhinoceros that chases Gian in one scene looks more like a white rhino, as opposed to the more commonly used black rhino.
* In ''VisualNovel/{{Clannad}}'', Sanae Furukawa mentions that her greatest fear is the Bengal Monitor Lizard. Her husband Akio talks Tomoya into dropping a toy one down her back. HilarityEnsues.
* In ''[[LightNovel/HaruhiSuzumiya The Sigh of Haruhi Suzumiya]]'', the eponymous character transforms some pigeons into extinct Passenger Pigeons.
* ''{{Ponyo}}'' has rays, oarfish, coelacanths, bioluminescent squid, hagfish, flapjack octopi, anglers, sea slugs, trilobites, ''Opabinia'', ''Dipnorhynchus'', ''Bothriolepis'', ''Gogonasus'', etc.
* In ''Anime/GingaDensetsuWeed,'' in the episode were GB accidentally infiltrates Hougen's pack, a white stoat in shown in the jaws of one of the {{Mooks}}.
* ''Manga/KOn'' has Ton the pig-nosed turtle.
* ''KimbaTheWhiteLion'' features many types of obscure African wildlife such as okapis, kudu, and dik-diks.
* Fishmen and merpeople in ''Manga/OnePiece'' are always based on and referred to by a species/type of fish or similar sea animal (i.e. a ray fishman). Some of them are quite rare in fictional works, like kissing gouramis, Japanese cat sharks, saw sharks, blue-ringed octopi and pike congers.
* ''{{Franchise/Jewelpet}}'' has Coal the capybara, a major character in the fourth season.

[[folder: Art]]
* This is [[UncannyValley another reason]] why William Wegman's works leave a strong impression on their viewers: they may have not even seen or heard of the weimaraner breed beforehand.

[[folder:Comic Books]]
* The ''Comicbook/SonicTheHedgehog'' universe is full of this. Not the least of which are echidnas (most famously Knuckles), lynx (Nicole, Lightning Lynx, et al.) and mongooses (Mina and Ash). And with the reboot we can add pikas (Relic), bettas (Coral), water buffaloes (Axel), and pistol shrimp (as-yet unnamed character).
* In ''CerebusTheAardvark'', aardvarks are not at all common, but have appeared enough times throughout Estarcion's history that it's not a cause for public wonder. [[spoiler:That ''three'' aardvarks are running around at one time, on the other hand, is exceedingly rare.]]
* ''[[ The Belch Dimension Comics]]'' has Jason T. Gibbon (although slightly subverted in an "Untold Tales" segment when it's revealed he was once a boy turned into an ape by an evil spell). One story also featured a villain named The Cassowary, which [[WordOfGod series creator Jonathan M. Sweet]] was surprised wasn't used more, as this large flightless bird, with its bony skull-crest and large clawed foot,seemed "fairly made for supervillainy". Although naturally stylized to appear cartoonish, the series actually has fairly recognizable renderings of specific dog breeds, such as the beagle and the pit bull, unlike most comics and cartoons.

[[folder:Fan Fic]]
* ''FanFic/RomanceAndTheFateOfEquestria'' features Queen Okapiopteryx, the [[PhysicalGod goddess]] worshipped by Zecora. The queen swings a twofer for this trope by being a [[MixAndMatchCritter mix-and-match critter]] combining ''two'' Seldom Seen Species, an [[ okapi]] and a ''[[ Microraptor]]''.
** ''Legend'' also features a [[ gemsbok]] and a ''[[ Macrauchenia]]'' as prominent characters.
* ''RiseOfTheGaleforces'' featured ''Ornithocheirus'', ''Platecarpus'', and ''Mawsonia''.
* Most of the Mesozoic fauna from {{Swing123}}'s ''[[ Triassic Park: Into the Past]]'' are StockDinosaurs, but there's also ''Ornitholestes'', ''Massospondylus'', ''Liopleurodon'', and ''Hypsilophodon''.
* ''[[ Phineas and Ferb's Dinosaur Adventure]]'' has ''Othnielosaurus'', ''Dryosaurus'', ''Ceratosaurus'', ''Fruitafossor'', ''Harpactognathus'', ''Camptosaurus'', ''Gargoyleosaurus'', and ''Ornitholestes''.

* ''Disney/TheLionKing'' had several:
** [[ Timon]], a rare example of a [[ meerkat]].
** The sequel featured [[ okapi]], a close relative to the giraffe.
** [[ Zazu]], another character, is actually a [[ Red-Billed Hornbill]] who looks nothing like an actual hornbill and more like a [[ toucan]] instead.
*** Or, arguably, he looks more like [[ Rowan Atkinson]] would look [[InkSuitActor if he were a blue bird]].
** [[ Hyenas]] gained quite a bit of fame after this movie, thanks to the memorable star turns by Shenzi, Banzai, and Ed. Prior to that, they had only been seen with any frequency as [[ the pets]] of TheJoker and Harley Quinn on ''WesternAnimation/BatmanTheAnimatedSeries'' (due to their "laughing", which, as every zoologist has confirmed, is not laughter at all).
** The rodent [[BigBad Scar]] was tormenting during his introductory scene is actually a [[ jerboa, judging by the tuft on its tail]].
*** Meanwhile, Simba tormented a [[ giant one-horned chameleon]] (with the horn exagerated to make it look weirder, apparently).
** The animals that go to pay respects to baby Simba include guineafowl and vervet monkeys.
** Several background animals in the series include marabou storks, kudu, oryx, and topi.
** The birds Timon and Pumbaa were trying to chase away in the second film are spotted thick-knees.
** Sadly averted in the scene where Mufasa trains Simba to hunt. The animal Zazu falls over was supposed to be a naked mole rat, but [[ExecutiveMeddling the exes]] didn't like it and was redesigned into [[MisplacedWildlife a gopher]].
* The ''WesternAnimation/{{Madagascar}}'' film franchise is full of this:
** The entire franchise has three different types of lemur ([[ ring-tailed lemur]], [[ mouse lemur]] and [[ aye-aye]]).
** The antagonists are the little known [[ fossa]] preying on the lemurs.
** Besides the three named lemur characters belonging to the above species, the lemurs appearing in the background belong to various other species. A [[ tenrec]] also appears in one scene.
** In the sequel, aside from the typical African fauna, there are some [[ dik-dik antelopes]].
** The Valentines special ''Madly Madagascar'' features an [[ okapi]] as Marty's love interest. Ironic, since Melman the Giraffe [[WhatCouldHaveBeen was originally going to be an okapi]], but the directors wanted to use a [[SmallTaxonomyPools more familiar animal]].
** ''WesternAnimation/ThePenguinsOfMadagascar'' (TV series with the eponymous [[EverythingsBetterWithPenguins penguins]] and the three lemurs) features a poison-dart frog, leopard seals, and a rockhopper penguin. It also has Marlene, an Asian small-clawed [[PlayfulOtter otter]]. The episode "Endangerous Species" makes references to extinct birds Waitaha penguin and laughing owl.
** In ''WesternAnimation/PenguinsOfMadagascar'' (spin-off movie also starring the penguins), the explosives expert of the North Wind is a harp seal named Short Fuse.
** And then there's ''WesternAnimation/AllHailKingJulien'' (spin-off on Creator/{{Netflix}}), which in addition to having the three lemurs, has another character who is a fanaloka (or Malagasy civet), and more fossa.
* The background animals from the "Noah's Ark" segment from ''[[Disney/{{Fantasia}} Fantasia 2000]]''.
** The "Rite of Spring" sequence from the original film featured hydras, annelids, trilobites, venus girdles, brittlestars, ''Pterichthyodes'', eurypterids, ammonites, orthocones, ''Polypterus'', ''Eustenopteron'', ''Placochelys'', ''Tylosaurus'', ''Nothosaurus'', ''Troodon'' ([[ScienceMarchesOn depicted as a predatory pachycephalosaur]]), ''Hallopus'' ([[ScienceMarchesOn depicted as a tree-climbing dinosaur]]), ''Plateosaurus'', ''Kannemeyeria'', ''Corythosaurus'', ''Kritosaurus'', ''Psittacosaurus'', ''Dimorphodon'', ''Chasmosaurus'', and ''Ceratosaurus''.
* ''Disney/{{Dinosaur}}'' not only featured obscure dinosaurs (such as [[ Iguanodon]] for the hero and [[ Carnotaurus]] for the villain), but also [[AnachronismStew modern]] [[ Sifaka lemurs.]]
* Disney's ''Disney/AtlantisTheLostEmpire'' featured [[WhatMeasureisaNonCute coelacanths]]. (This also counts as a GeniusBonus, because in the year ''Atlantis'' was supposed to be set, the coelacanth was presumed to have been extinct for ''millions of years.'' Except, apparently, by the elderly GentlemanAdventurer who had two in his mansion's fish tank.)
* ''WesternAnimation/FindingNemo'' featured [[ clownfish]], [[ regal tangs]], [[ moorish idols]], [[ yellow tangs]], [[ royal grammas]], [[ four-striped damselfish]], [[ cleaner shrimp]], [[ makos]] [[EverythingsEvenWorseWithSharks to make everything worse]], [[AlluringAnglerfish an]] [[ angler]], [[ moonfish]], [[FeatheredFiend kelp]] [[ gulls]], [[ eagle rays]], [[ longnose butterfly fish]], [[EverythingsSquishierWithCephalopods flapjack]] [[ octopi]], and [[ flounders]]. And speaking of Flounder...
* This part of the song "Under the Sea" from ''Disney/TheLittleMermaid'':
---> Oh, [[ the newt]] plays the flute, [[ the carp]] plays the harp
---> [[ The plaice]] plays the bass, and they sounding sharp
---> [[ The bass]] plays the brass, [[ the chub]] plays the tub
---> [[ The fluke]] is the Duke of soul (yeah!)
---> Oh, [[ the ray]] he can play, [[ the ling's]] on the strings
---> [[ The trout's]] rocking out, [[ the blackfish]] he sings
---> [[ The smelt]] and [[ the sprat]] they know where it's at
---> And, oh hear that [[ blowfish]] blow!
** The newt and trout are ''especially'' SeldomSeenSpecies under the circumstances, as they're [[MisplacedWildlife freshwater creatures only]].
*** Steelhead trout live part of their lives in the ocean.
** Ursula's [[ green moray eels]], [[ Flotsam and Jetsam]] count, too.
** [[{{Prequel}} ''Ariel's Beginning'']] has a [[ manatee]] named Benjamin serve as Marina del Ray's [[TheDragon Dragon.]]
* ''Disney/{{Aladdin}}'' introduces us to [[ Abu]] the [[ New World Monkey]] and [[ Iago]] the [[ red macaw]]. [[ Rajah]], [[AvertedTrope meanwhile]], is a [[ fairly typical tiger]].
** [[ Abu]] spends most of the first film as a [[GenderBender female]] [[ indian elephant]].
* [[AvertedTrope Averted]] in ''Disney/TheSwordInTheStone''. This is significant because Merlin and Mad Madame Mim spend the climax of the film taking turns transforming into very generic animals, except for when Madame Mim turns into a [[LoopholeAbuse purple dragon]].
* Although not exactly cute in the ordinary sense (think UglyCute), the animals in ''WesternAnimation/{{Rango}}'' are not the typical animals you find in an animated movie about desert animals. Cases include Priscilla the oddly adorable, yet misplaced aye-aye (according to WordOfGod, although some people think she's a cactus mouse), Beans the LoveInterest and desert iguana, and the burrowing owl mariachi band.
* The different species of owls from ''WesternAnimation/LegendOfTheGuardiansTheOwlsOfGahoole''. You have Gylfie the timid yet intelligent tiny Elf Owl, Twilight the street-smart Great Grey Owl, and Digger the fast-talking Burrowing Owl. In fact, the movie's plot is kick-started by the barn owls called the "Pure Ones" (in a not-so very subtle call to Nazi Aryanism) starting a race war against the other owls. An echidna and a Tasmanian devil also show up.
* In ''WesternAnimation/HappyFeet'', one can count several different types of penguins beyond the generic black and white ones seen in typical media. Mumble and Gloria are emperor penguins, the Latino-accented {{Plucky Comic Relief}}s are Adelie penguins, and the guru voiced by RobinWilliams is a Rockhopper penguin. Chinstrap Penguins and African Jackass Penguins are also seen briefly during Mumble's imprisonment in the marine animal exhibit. In addition to the penguins, there's the NightmareFuel-laden leopard seal, a herd of elephant seals, and a gang of skuas.
** The sequel features two krill, one named Bill and one named Will.
* Other than two of the main heroes (mammoth and saber-toothed cat or ''Smilodon''), ''WesternAnimation/IceAge'' and its two sequels were filled to the brim with prehistoric animals that went beyond the stock animals that is so nauseatingly typical in any other movie. You had Sid the ''Megalonyx'' or ground sloth, glyptodonts (salesman Fast Tony's sidekick who got eaten by the marine reptiles, Cretaceous the ''Metriorhynchus'' and Maelstrom the ''Globidens''), the sad and farting chalicothere, gray trunked ''Moeritherium'', the rhino-looking ''Brontops'' brothers who were harassing Sid in the first movie, long-necked and trunked ''Macrauchenia'', a bulky ''Homotherium'' or scimitar-toothed cat as a member of Soto's pack, shovel-tusker ''Platybelodon'', some ''Baptornis'' or hesperornithes, musk ox-like ''Euceratherium'', and giant ''Gastornis'' birds. In the third movie, 'Dawn of the Dinosaurs', it went beyond StockDinosaurs to include small stegosaurid ''Kentrosaurus'', a pack of ''Troodon'', Roger the ''Harpactognathus'' who served as an airborne mount for Buck and the possum brothers, a predatory flock of ''Pterodactylus'', ravenous wolfish ''Guanlong'', and a white ''Baryonyx'' named Rudy -- Buck's eternal enemy and threat to the ''T. rex'' family.
** The fourth film further contributes to this trope by featuring a colony of hyraxes, BigBad Gutt the ''Gigantopithecus'', Flynn the elephant seal, Silas the petrel, PirateGirl Raz the ''Procoptodon'' (a short-faced kangaroo), a pod of narwhals, and [[spoiler:Precious -- Sid's grandmother's pet ''Livyatan melvillei''.]]
** The concept art showed more obscure animals that did not make it to the cut. Such species include an axolotl, ''Mamenchisaurus'', ''Hyracotherium'' [[WhatCouldHaveBeen that were to be steeds for the hyraxes]], and ''Paraceratherium''.
** The game app ''Ice Age Village'' brings several more, such as ''Pterodaustro'' and ''Cacops''.
* ''BedknobsAndBroomsticks'' prominently featured secretary birds.
* ''Disney/ThePrincessAndTheFrog'' featured spoonbills.
* ''Disney/{{Tarzan}}'' showed [[MisplacedWildlife ring tailed lemurs in mainland Africa]], colobus monkeys, and a marabou stork.
** ''TheLegendOfTarzan'' featured jackals, a black mamba, bongo antelopes, and a pangolin. In the episode "The Return of La", Queen La turned Durmont into a gibbon.
** The video game adaption features civets, hornbills, and [[MisplacedWildlife misplaced squirrel monkeys, red-eyed tree frogs, macaws, and harpy eagles]]. The aforementioned lemurs, bongo antelopes, marabou storks, and pangolins are also featured.
* ''Disney/TheJungleBook'' has [[ Bagheera]] the [[ black panther]] and [[ Baloo]] the [[ sloth bear]]. [[ Shere Khan]] the [[ tiger]], [[ Colonel Hathi]] and his herd of [[ Indian elephants]], [[ King Louie]] the [[ orangutan]], and [[ Kaa]] the [[ python]] get special mention.
** ''JungleCubs'' featured geladas (referred to as [[MisplacedWildlife baboons]]), a mongoose, Indian rhinos, a babirusa, dholes, Asiatic cheetahs, a pangolin, striped hyenas, mugger crocodiles, and four-horned antelopes.
** "Jungle Book 2" features macaques and [[MisplacedWildlife ocelots]].
* ''Disney/TheThreeCaballeros'' featured umbrellabirds, boat-billed herons, fork-tailed flycatchers, curve-billed scythebills, yellow-chinned spinetails, horneros, and Andean condors.
** And yes Disney fans, the Aracua or Speckled Chachalaca (called the Aracuan Bird in the film) [[ is real]]... though like many of the older examples on this page, the real bird looks and acts ''nothing'' like its more famous animated equivalent.
* In the most recent film of ''TheTimeMachine'', one of the Eloi men is seen carrying a live black-furred animal over his shoulder, which appears to be a binturong.
* Shifu the Red Panda and Tai Lung the snow leopard from ''WesternAnimation/KungFuPanda''
** Monkey is a golden langur as opposed to the familiar generic monkey.
** The rhino prison guards look refreshingly more like Asian rhinos than the African white or black rhinos more often seen.
** The tv series takes it and runs with it. Half the villains and several new good guys are all obscure chinese creatures.
** The BigBad of the second film is an indian peacock, and an albino one at that.
* Besides the usual chimpanzees, gorillas and orangutans, RiseOfThePlanetOfTheApes featured a bonobo named Koba too.
* ''Disney/TheRescuers Down Under'' features a giant wedge-tailed eagle named Marahute.
** As well as a goanna named Joanna. ("Goanna" is sort of a generic word for monitor lizards in Australia, since several species of monitor lizard do live there, but based on her size she's most likely a Perentie.)
* ''{{Rio}}'' has a number of more obscure bird species, most prominently, the Spix's Macaw.
** For bonus points, Spix's Macaw is a critically endangered species (fewer than 100 remain), meaning that it's ''literally'' seldom seen.
** Besides obscure birds, there's also marmosets and a white-shouldered bat.
** ''{{Rio 2}}'' features capybaras, a tamandua anteater, a poison dart frog [[spoiler: or what appears to be one]], tapirs, squirrel monkeys, rheas, tamarins, hoatzins, tree porcupines, cock-of-the-rocks, Boto dolphins, and caimans.
* ''[[Literature/{{Babar}} Babar: King of the Elephants]]'' has a marabou stork as TheNarrator. Sacred ibises and cattle egrets also make background appearances.
* The Syfy Channel's ''Malibu Shark Attack'' features goblin sharks, presumably because they look so bizarre.
* ''Film/DeepBlueSea'' features mutant ''mako'' sharks, rather than the usual Great Whites.
* ''Disney/{{Dumbo}}'' briefly featured striped hyenas.
* ''Main/TheSpongebobSquarepantsMovie'' featured a frogfish.
* ''Film/TheBigYear'' is a film (based on a nonfiction book of the same title, but fictionalised somewhat for the screen) about competitive birders trying to set a record for the most species seen in North America (north of Mexico, i.e. the continental United States and Canada) during one calendar year. Seldom-seen species are therefore the driving force of the whole plot: Nutting's Flycatcher, Xantus' Hummingbird, Pink-footed Goose, the list goes on and on...
* One of the more distinctive [[Film/SnakesOnAPlane motherfuckin' snakes on this motherfuckin' plane]] is a Gaboon viper.
* ''WesternAnimation/ThePowerpuffGirlsMovie'' featured proboscis monkeys and Japanese macaques alongside the usual stock primates.
* ''Film/TransformersAgeOfExtinction'' showed a ''Psittacosaurus'' in the opening animation.

* The owls in ''Literature/HarryPotter'' include some commonly-mentioned species, but also the lesser-known eagle owl and Scops owl. Similarly, lesser-known mythological creatures such as basilisks and Hippogriffs appear.
* ''{{Redwall}}'' is known for focusing on the seldom used ends of the mustelid spectrum, such as stoats.
** Many major villains are the only ones of their kind seen in the entire series, Ublaz (pine marten) and Gulo (wolverine) in particular. There was even a ''wolf'' as a PosthumousCharacter (his skull is worn by the villain who calls himself the Foxwolf).
* ''Rikki-Tikki-Tavi'', the Creator/RudyardKipling book about a mongoose. The story also features such seldom-seen [[UsefulNotes/{{India}} Indian]] fauna as the krait, the [[ chuchunder]] (Asian musk shrew)[[note]]Kipling for some reason called it a muskrat, a species not native to India[[/note]], and the tailorbird.
** A "sea cow" -- most likely [[ Steller's Sea Cow]] -- appears in Kipling's ''The White Seal'' (and the Creator/ChuckJones AnimatedAdaptation). In real life they were hunted to extinction 27 years after their discovery in 1741, but in ''The White Seal'' they found a safe place and still thrive around 1900s.
** Another Kipling example: Bears are common enough in fiction, but how many times have you seen a ''sloth'' bear? Probably just in ''Literature/TheJungleBook'', and the [[Disney/TheJungleBook Disney]] [[Film/TheJungleBook cartoons and features]] [[WesternAnimation/TaleSpin it inspired]].
* A mongoose also appears in the Literature/SherlockHolmes story "The Adventure of the Crooked Man."
* Creator/AndreNorton's Beast Master novels included meerkats: Hing in ''The Beast Master'' and ''Lord of Thunder'', and Ho in ''The Beast Master''.
* The [[ lammergeier]] in [[Creator/IainBanks Iain M. Banks]]'s ''Feersum Endjinn''.
* ''Velociraptors'' (along with a few other genera) were obscure back when ''Literature/JurassicPark'' was written. But then the book and [[Film/JurassicPark movie]] popularized them so that they are [[StockDinosaurs inescapable in dinosaur media these days]], though they almost always get depicted like the ones in ''Film/JurassicPark'' when in reality they were only 2-3 feet tall and covered in feathers. ''Dilophosaurus'' is an example that never caught on quite as much.
** ''Spinosaurus'' is a case similar to ''Velociraptor''.
** A few genera that are still rather obscure to this day also make appearances in the franchise: such as ''Procompsognathus'', ''Cearadactylus'', ''Gallimimus'', ''Mamenchisaurus'', ''Corythosaurus'', ''Ceratosaurus'', ''Herrerasaurus'', and ''Troodon''. ''Metriacanthosaurus'', ''Proceratosaurus'', ''Baryonyx'', ''Segisaurus'', and ''Euoplocephalus'' are also implied to have been among the species present in the park of the first book/film.
** The second book also includes ''Pachycephalosaurus'' and ''Maiasaura'', which are among the better-known species but aren't nearly as prolific as the likes of ''Tyrannosaurus'' and ''Stegosaurus'', as well as ''Carnotaurus'', which have chameleon-like color-changing abilities. The carnotaur and it's color-changing wasn't adapted into the film version, but ''was'' included in the arcade game, of all things.
* ''Literature/TheImmortals'' featured pygmy marmosets in the third book.
* The {{Spellsinger}} series includes increasingly-exotic species among its FunnyAnimal cast in its later books, including the likes of the pangolin, javelina, silky anteater, viscacha, and aye-aye.
* The ''{{Frances}}'' TV series and the ''FrancesTheBadger'' children's books feature an American badger as its main character.
* ''{{Dinotopia}}'' features not only StockDinosaurs but also more obscure prehistoric animals.
* ''Literature/HarryAndHisBucketFullOfDinosaurs'' has Sid the ''Scelidosaurus''. There was also an ''Anchisaurus'' character that was absent from the animated adaptation; similarly, one episode of the series had a ''Nanosaurus'' character.
* The ''Earth's Children'' series goes into intricate detail about the wildlife, including such animals as the saiga antelope, the chamois, and the ''cave bear''. Flipped, a 'dirk-toothed tiger' gets barely a mention.
* ''Astrosaurs'' features numerous obscure dinosaurs and other prehistoric creatures.
* [[Literature/MoreauSeries Forests of the Night]] features an anthropomorphic mongoose, attached to a battalion of tiger {{Super Soldier}}s as their medic.
* ''Literature/RaptorRed'' not only prominently features ''Utahraptor'' but also includes ''Acrocanthosaurus'', ''Kronosaurus'', ''Gastonia'', ''Aegialodon'', ''Trinitichelys'', ''Ornithodesmus'', ''Platypterygius'', ''Astrodon'', ''Bernissartia'', and a generic therizinosaur.
* ''{{Literature/Carnosaur}}'' features ''Tarbosaurus'', ''Becklespinax'' (referred to as "''[[ScienceMarchesOn Altispinax]]''"), ''Megalosaurus'', and ''Scolosaurus''.
* Cobras aren't that rare in literature, but on a [[Literature/JacobsLadderTrilogy space ship]]? You bet they are!

[[folder:Live Action Television]]
* Little Maya's maternal grandmother on ''SixFeetUnder'' gives her a stuffed [[ okapi]], to prove how much more sophisticated she is compared to her paternal grandmother, who gave her a monkey.
* The titular character of the PBS children's show ''{{Series/Zoboomafoo}}'' is a Sifaka lemur, who for some reason is actually anthropomorphized by being fed.
* SesameStreet's South African co-production, Takalani Sesame has a giant meerkat named Moshe.
* When ''Franchise/SuperSentai'' and ''Franchise/PowerRangers'' does an animal theme (which is often), usually have some stock badass animals they like to use -- but then there's usually also an oddball choice. Some of these aren't obscure in general, but they evoke a similar reaction in the show's action-superhero context; for instance, a lot of viewers were confused by the Black Ranger having a frog zord in the later parts of ''Series/MightyMorphinPowerRangers''.
** ''Kakuranger''/''Mighty Morphin'' Season 3 infamously had the aforementioned frog, as well as a crane. [[Film/MightyMorphinPowerRangersTheMovie The movie]] tried to justify the frog's presence by referring to the concept of BewitchedAmphibians.
** ''Gingaman''/''Lost Galaxy'' had a condor and a wildcat.
** ''Gaoranger''/''Wild Force'' included a giraffe, a deer, and an armadillo.
** ''Gekiranger''/''Jungle Fury'' had an antelope and a penguin.
** ''Series/EngineSentaiGoOnger'' included an orca-bike and a ''chicken''-copter; counterpart ''Series/PowerRangersRPM'' never defined what sea creature the bike was (beyond just a "fish", which is possibly even weirder) and referred to the copter as a falcon (which became [[HilariousInHindsight kind of hilarious]] later on when ''Gokaiger''/''Super Megaforce'' introduced an ''actual'' falcon Engine).
** ''Shinkenger''/''Samurai'' has a marlin/swordfish, lobster, and squid/octopus.
** ''Goseiger''/''Megaforce'' gives the Black Ranger a snake motif -- not uncommon on its own, but [[ReptilesAreAbhorrent so associated with villainous characters]] that a heroic use is worth mentioning. ''Goseiger'' also has an ostrich or some other flightless bird.
** Even the dinosaur-themed ''Abaranger''/''Dino Thunder'' got in on the act with the SixthRanger having a ''Tupuxuara'' zord (ie, a pterosaur that isn't a pteranodon), as well as ''Carnotaurus'' and ''Chasmosaurus'' zords.
* ''Geo Kids'' had Bobby the Bushbaby and Sunny the honey possum.
* DavidAttenborough's The Life of Mammals prominently featured echidnas, possums, yapoks, shrews, pangolins, pika, marmots, ground squirrels, mole rats, maras, fennec foxes, african wild dogs, harbour seals, right whales, sun bears, fruit bats, lorises, gibbons, uakaris, tamarins, guenons, macaques, and geladas.
** This trope goes for ''all'' of Attenborough's ''Life on Earth'' series.
** Likewise, meerkats were essentially unknown in Britain until the 1987 ''Wildlife on One'' episode ''Meerkats United''. Overnight they became a national fascination that's never really let up since.
* This trope is the whole point of the documentary series ''Mutant Planet''.
* Combatants on ''Monster Bug Wars'' include such oddities as spitting spiders, assassin bugs, carnivorous katydids, whip scorpions and velvet worms.
* ''{{Primeval}}'' has prominently featured quite a few more obscure prehistoric animals: including ''Coelurosauravus'', ''Inostrancevia'' (simply called a gorgonopsid on the show), ''Scutosaurus'', ''[[CreepyCentipedes Arthropleura]]'', ''[[SeaMonster Tylosaurus]]'', ''Hesperornis'', ''[[TheSwarm Anurognathus]]'', a Columbian Mammoth, ''[[NeverSmileAtACrocodile Pristichampsus]]'', ''[[UglyCute Diictodon]]'', ''Giganotosaurus'', ''[[FeatheredFiend Titanis]]'', ''Dracorex'', ''[[RhinoRampage Embolotherium]]'', ''Australopithecus'', ''[[NeverSmileAtACrocodile Kaprosuchus]]'', ''Euchambersia'' (simply identified as a therocephalian in the show), ''[[MoreTeethThanTheOsmondFamily Koolasuchus]]'' (simply referred to as a labyrinthodont in the show), ''Hyaenodon'', and ''[[SeaMonster Liopleurodon]]''.
** The spin-off ''Primeval: New World'' continues the trend with ''Albertosaurus'', ''[[RaptorAttack Utahraptor]]'', ''Titanoboa'', ''Lycaenops'', ''Daemonosaurus'', ''Ornitholestes'', and ''[[BigCreepyCrawlies Brontoscorpio]]''.
* ''Series/{{Jessie}}'' has Mr(s). Kipling the Asian water monitor.
* ''Series/{{Dinosaurs}}'' has Earl Sinclair the ''Megalosaurus'' and Spike the ''Polacanthus'', as well as ''Troodon'' and ''Psittacosaurus'' as background characters.
* Although not identified as such (being a show for toddlers), ''In the Night Garden…'' had hoopoes and turacos.
* ''Series/IDidntDoIt'' has hellbenders (identified as snot otters).

* The SchoolhouseRock song "Four-Legged Zoo" prominently mentioned ibex (a type of goat with large, curved horns) and kudu (a large antelope with corkscrew-shaped horns).
* FrankZappa's piece "The Adventures Of Greggery Peccary", correctly describes him as "the nocturnal gregarious wild swine".

[[folder:Newspaper Comics]]
* ''[[{{BC}} B.C.]]'' has the Apteryx, a "wingless bird with hairy feathers," as he invariably introduces himself.
** ''Apteryx'' is the generic name for kiwis.
* Calvin of ''CalvinAndHobbes'' has a fairly encyclopedic knowledge of animals, primarily dinosaurs. He also once asked if Hobbes could draw anything other than tigers, to which Hobbes replied, yes, he could also draw ocelots (slender, spotted wild cats from the jungles of Central and South America).
** They also averted StockDinosaurs with ''Centrosaurus'' and ''Supersaurus'' (although it is referred to as "[[ScienceMarchesOn Ultrasaurus]]" and is depicted as a brachiosaurid).
* ''{{Pogo}}'' was the only ever possum leading man in an American comic.
* ''ShermansLagoon'' has all sorts of obscure aquatic life.

[[folder:Video Games]]
* ''Franchise/CrashBandicoot''
** Aside from the title character's species, the series also includes a potaroo (Pinstripe), a thylacine (Tiny) and two Komodo dragons (Joe and Moe), along with the usual stock Australian critters that may apply, such as dingos and koalas.
* ''TyTheTasmanianTiger''
** Besides thylacines, there's also a cassowary as the BigBad, a Tasmanian devil, a green tree frog, a thorny devil, wallabies, goannas, bilbies, weedy sea dragons, giant groupers, wombats, blue-tongued skinks, a lyrebird, Sydney funnel-web spiders, a ghost bat, an echidna, cane toads, ''Muttaburrasaurus'', and marsupial lions.
** Similarly, the third game features an obscure mythical creature: the Quinkan.
* ''VideoGame/{{Bubsy}}'' the bobcat.
* MANY Franchise/{{Pokemon}} are actually based on obscure animal species. We have Pangolins [[note]]the Sandshrew line[[/note]], Hermit Crabs [[note]]the Dwebble line[[/note]], Tapirs [[note]]the Drowzee and Munna lines[[/note]], Dugongs [[note]]the Seel line[[/note]], Mongooses [[note]]Zangoose[[/note]], Weedy Sea Dragons [[note]]Kingdra and Skrelp[[/note]], Angler Fish [[note]]the Chinchou line[[/note]], Porcupine Fish [[note]]Qwilfish[[/note]], Mudskippers [[note]]so i herd u liek Mudkipz[[/note]], Cicadas [[note]]the Paras and Nincada lines[[/note]], Bagworms [[note]]the Pineco and Burmy lines[[/note]], Sea Slugs [[note]]the Shellos line, Manaphy and Phione[[/note]], Meerkats [[note]]Watchog[[/note]], Leaf Insects [[note]]the Sewaddle line[[/note]], Chinchillas [[note]]the Minccino line[[/note]], Lampreys [[note]]the Tynamo line[[/note]], etc. And that's ''not'' including the fossil Pokemon or plants! There's also the Axolotl, an endangered aquatic salamander, which serves as the inspiration for Wooper, as well as another possible inspiration for Mudkip. You might recognize them as the same species as Dr. Shrunk from ''VideoGame/AnimalCrossing'' (see below).
** It's safe to say that Game Freak has ShownTheirWork concerning many species and other biological life. Even the ones that aren't based directly on specific animals are instead based on old myths [[note]]Dunsparce, Bronzor and Bronzong, for instance[[/note]]. You'd be hard-pressed to find one type of creature in real life that ''hasn't'' been made into a Pokémon yet. [[spoiler:Aside from dolphins, koalas and flamingos, oddly enough.]]
* [[SonicTheHedgehog Knuckles and Tikal the Echidna.]]
* ''VideoGame/MegaManX6'' has [[ Infinity Mijinon]], a [[ water flea]], and Ground Scaravich, a dung beetle.
** Other unusual species represented by Mavericks found across the series are Armored Armadillo, Split [[ExactlyWhatItSaysOnTheTin Mushroom]], Spike Rosered (a rose), Tornado Tonion (an Onion), Optic [[ExactlyWhatItSaysOnTheTin Sunflower]], Volt Catfish, Crush Crawfish, and Wire Sponge (Who, despite his name, is actually a Luffa. The very same luffa you use to scrub yourself with in the shower.)
** ''VideoGame/MegaManXCorrupted'', a ''VideoGame/MegaManX'' fan game, features a Milodon (aka Megatherium) and [[ Hoatzin]].
* The ''VideoGame/{{Darius}}'' series has a whole slew of them, in the form of HumongousMecha sea creatures. [[ Absolute Defender]]- [[ pinecone fish]], [[ Tripod Sardine]]- [[ tripod fish]], [[ Folding Fan]]- [[ fanfish]], [[ The Embryon]]- [[ sea angel]],[[ Brightly Stare]]-[[ Barrel Eye fish]], and more.
* VideoGame/ZooTycoon contains too many examples to list.
* ChimeraBeast features two giant monsters inspired by lamprey, and related species, as it's first boss.
* Ocelots in ''VideoGame/{{Minecraft}}''
** It's become a RunningGag on Imgur to either reference ''VideoGame/{{Minecraft}}'' or ''WesternAnimation/{{Archer}}'' whenever photos of baby ocelots are posted, since those are the two most well-known franchises to feature the [[ShoutOut cute, tufted-eared]] [[WesternAnimation/{{Archer}} little bastards]].
* The opossums (namely [[TheHero Sparkster]]) that appear in the ''VideoGame/RocketKnightAdventures'' series.
* VideoGame/DinoRun's visible dinosaurs all belong to [[StockDinosaurs the typical stock clades]], but the bonus eggs you can pick up include such specific and seldom-heard-of genera as ''Olorotitan'', ''Rinchenia'' and ''Magnosaurus''.
* ''ImpossibleCreatures,'' a game about combining animals, has poison dart frogs, archerfish, and muskoxen, among others.
* Most of the characters in the ''VideoGame/AnimalCrossing'' games are fairly commonly-seen animals, but [[ Dr. Shrunk]] is an [[ axolotl]] and ''New Leaf'' introduces [[ Luna]], a [[ tapir]]. Also in that game, the player can dig up fossils of the brontothere ''Megacerops'', and most of the collectible fish and arthropods fall into this trope.
* The vast majority of animals seen in the ''EndlessOcean'' games are likely to be little known by anyone who's interest is outside Marine Biology, and even then it includes some ''really'' obscure animals, such as the aforementioned sea angels, ''[[ Turritopsis nutricula]]'', the [[ Venus Flower Basket]] and ''[[ Praya dubia]]''.
* Hello, ''OdellDownUnder''.
* ''VisualNovel/HatofulBoyfriend'' introduced many Japanese and American audiences to birds like the Luzon bleeding-heart dove and the Chukar partridge. The downside of that is that we're all going to think of Chukars as sinister violent {{Mad Scientist}}s and bleeding-heart doves as drug-addled lunatics from now on.
* The ''DinoCrisis'' series feature ''Therizinosaurus'', ''Oviraptor'', ''Mosasaurus'', ''Inostrancevia'', and ''Giganotosaurus''.
* The Japanese Xbox game ''Dinosaur Hunting'' features not only the StockDinosaurs but also more obscure types: ''Albertosaurus'', ''Amargasaurus'', ''Ampelosaurus'', ''Baryonyx'', Cave lion, ''Deinosuchus'', ''Dromaeosaurus'', ''Euoplocephalus'', ''Gastonia'', ''Gastornis'', ''Hypsilophodon'', ''Kentrosaurus'', ''Maiasaura'', Moa, ''Ouranosaurus'', ''Pelecanimimus'', ''Shunosaurus'', ''Stygimoloch'', ''Supersaurus'', ''Therizinosaurus'', ''Torosaurus'', and ''Wuerhosaurus''.
* ''FarCry3'' has Komodo dragons, cassowaries, tapirs, bull sharks, macaques, birds of paradise, and thylacines.
** ''FarCry4'' adds in snow leopards, clouded leopards, tigerfish, Indian rhinos, Malayan tapirs, black eagles, mugger crocodiles, ratels (honey badgers), white-rumped vultures, pit vipers, dholes, Asian black bears, Himalayan brown bears, Assam macaques, Himalayan monals, sambar deer, bharals (Himalayan blue sheep), red-crowned turtles, Japalura lizards, and Nepalese crows.
* ''VideoGame/DwarfFortress'' has a pretty diverse array of ecosystems, each with some unusual fauna to be had, from macaques to olms to ''sponges''. [[EverythingTryingToKillYou All of them can kill your dwarfs]]. At one point, players who donated more than a certain amount could pick a new creature to include in the next release.
* ''PitfallTheLostExpedition'' features tuco-tucos.
* ''PuttPutt Enters the Race'' has an activity where you can read about obscure species, from aardvark to zorilla.
* ''TheAmazonTrail'', on par of being an {{Edutainment}} game, is filled to the brim of obscure animals native to the Amazon such as ocelots, kinkajous, tapirs, night monkeys, bush dogs, fishing bats, tambaqui, piraracu (or arapaima), tucunare, potoos, hoatzins, mealy amazons, collared trogons, jabiru storks, honeycreepers, tegu lizards, basilisks, spectacled caimans, fer-de-lance snakes, bushmasters, Gulf Fritillary butterflies, giant Agrippa moths, goliath bird-eating spiders, etc.
* ''FossilFighters'' features a large number of dinosaurs as the basis for its viviosaurs, as well as unusual prehistoric lifeforms. In addition to more obscure dinosaurs like ''Therizinosaurus'' and ''Bradycneme'', the game actually features ''three'' distinct subspecies of ammonite, the giant hornless rhinoceros ''Paraceratherium'', and the "armored fish" ''Dunkleosteus.''
* ''VideoGame/MonsterRacers'' has quite a diverse range of creatures from Australia. It features monsters based on the Tazmanian devil, frilled lizard, emu, and bandicoot, which aren't entirely unusual for works that reach for more unusual Australian wildlife. However, it also has a monster based on the fairy penguin, correctly native to Australia instead of anywhere else. The "legendary beast" of Australia is also based on the mythological rainbow serpent. Outside of Australia, it has monsters based on the springbok (Africa) and the mythical Polevik (Eurasia).
* ''VideoGame/{{Terraria}}'' features [[ Arapaimas]] as Hardmode enemies in the Jungle.
* ''Franchise/AssassinsCreed'':
** ''VideoGame/AssassinsCreedIVBlackFlag'' has [[ hutia]] as a species that Edward can hunt.
** ''VideoGame/AssassinsCreedRogue'' has [[ great auks]].
* ''VideoGame/AgeOfEmpiresIII'' features Guanaco, Giant Salamanders, Saiga, Ibex, Nilgai, Serow, Tapir, Capybara, Musk deer, and Rhea as huntable animals in some of its Maps.
* ''VideoGame/PrimalCarnage'' has ''Oviraptor'', ''Cryolophosaurus'', and ''Tupandactlyus'' as alternate skins for the playable Mesozoic reptiles, which are all StockDinosaurs. There are also plans for ''Acrocanthosaurus'' and ''Kaprosuchus'' to be added in the game.
* ''VideoGame/DinoSystem'': Although the game started off containing StockDinosaurs like Triceratops, T.rex and Ankylosaurs, later updates added creatures such as Alphodon and Azhdarchids.
* ''VideoGame/{{Splatoon}}'': The creatures wandering around are either based on or are humanoid versions of sea creatures ([[TheLastOfTheseIsNotLikeTheOthers plus a cat]]). While many of them are common animals like squids and jellyfish, the shy store clerk Annie is a humanoid sea anemone, complete with a (rude) clownfish living in [[AlienHair her anemone afro]]. Considering that despite their looks sea anemone are animals, this is not that far-fetched.

* Roland le Fay, the pangolin from ''{{Concession}}''.
* Webcomic/DinosaurComics, in addition to the not-that-unusual ''T. rex'', includes a ''Utahraptor'' and a ''Dromiceiomimus'' among the main cast.
* Mocheril from ''TheMeek'', who is an olm (rarely seen outside of slovenian heraldy).
* NatureofNaturesArt, full stop. Featuring jerboas, degus, tamanduas, kinkajous, several species of spiders and many more.
* In ''OffWhite'', the pack is [[ shown hunting a chamois.]] This might be the one and only time you'll ever see one in any fiction whatsoever.
* The main characters in ''Webcomic/YuckHeads'' are mongooses, specifically Yellow Mongooses.
* ''{{Femmegasm}}'' has a tamarin monkey and axolotl as its lead characters.
* ''Webcomic/DawnOfTime'' tends to feature lesser-known dinosaurs like ''Pachyrhinosaurus'' and ''Sauropelta''.
* ''WebComic/CommanderKitty'' features Nin Wah, a red panda. The first version of the comic also had part of the plot set on a planet of pangolins.
* ''{{WebComic/Raptormaniacs}}'' has Zahavi the ''Jinfengopteryx'', Remex the ''Caudipteryx'', and Ebeff the ''Therizinosaurus''. Also Skull, who is a skull cast of ''Tsaagan''.
* Stephan in ''Webcomic/OzyAndMillie'' is an aardvark.
* The protagonist of ''Webcomic/{{Digger}}'' is a wombat, and several of the supporting cast come from a tribe of hyenas.

[[folder:Web Original]]
* The middle portion of the song "In the Ocean Blue" from ''CharlieTheUnicorn'', which sounds an awful lot like the [[{{Pokemon}} Pokerap]]:
---> Lungfish, Blackfish, Alligator, Icefish
---> Armorhead, Hammerhead, Anaconda, Flathead
---> Manta ray, Stingray, Fangtooth, Moray
---> Goblin shark, Grass carp, Round River Bat Ray
---> Noodlefish, Hagfish, Man o' War, Ladyfish
---> Black eel, baby seal, Sprat, Koi, Electric eel
---> Lamprey, Pejerey, Yellow-edged Moray
---> Salmon shark, Sleeper shark, Leatherback, and Eagle ray!
** Much like with the previous example from ''Disney/TheLittleMermaid'', the anaconda, koi, electric eel, alligator, lungfish, and grass carp are ''especially'' SeldomSeenSpecies under the circumstances, as they're [[MisplacedWildlife freshwater creatures only]].
** And of course, the magical ''Liopleurodon''.
* The ''WebAnimation/HappyTreeFriends'' universe includes a marmot (Cro-Marmot) and an anteater (Sniffles). While Sniffles has been known to hunt ants occasionally, the ice encased Cro-Marmot isn't shown engaging in any marmot-esque activity. Or any activity, period.
* ''Blog/TheTyrannosaurChronicles'' includes a handful of dinosaur species that are rarely used in media like the ''Einiosaurus'' or the ''Stegoceras''.
* ''[[ Cracked]]'' ''[[ loves]]'' [[ this trope]].

[[folder:Western Animation]]
* WesternAnimation/{{Bonkers}} D. Bobcat.
* WesternAnimation/WoodyWoodpecker.
* Rufus the naked mole rat from ''WesternAnimation/KimPossible''.
* ''WesternAnimation/SpongebobSquarepants'' (the sea sponge) and Plankton ([[ the copepod]]).
** The series also featured flounder, groupers, whelks, nematodes, rays, hagfish, gulper eels, and anglers.
* The Tasmanian Devil from ''WesternAnimation/LooneyTunes''. One animator joked that it was the only animal left that WesternAnimation/BugsBunny hadn't faced, so director RobertMcKimson decided to rectify that.
** Also, [[WesternAnimation/WileECoyoteAndTheRoadRunner Road Runner]] (a common victim of AluminumChristmasTrees, as many people assume Warner Bros. made the species up).
* Little Beeper, Concord Condor, Bookworm, and Dizzy Devil from ''WesternAnimation/TinyToonAdventures''. Shirley [=McLoon=] would also count (not many loons in fiction), but she looks like a duck as opposed to the actual loon species.
* ''TazMania'' has Mr. Thickley the wallaby, Wendell T. Wolf (a thylacine), Willie Wombat, and of course Taz and his family.
* Tiko from ''WesternAnimation/JanaOfTheJungle'' is a [[ yapok]], a little-known aquatic species of opossum. The show mislabels him a coatimundi, which is [[ a completely different animal]].
* ''WesternAnimation/GoDiegoGo'' features a lot of Seldom Seen Species, including spectacled bears, kinkajous, okapis, and pygmy marmosets.
* ''Series/ItsABigBigWorld'' features a tamandua (a species of anteater) named Bob, a pair of marmosets named Smooch and Winslow, and a quetzal bird named Birdette.
* The [[WesternAnimation/ClassicDisneyShorts classic]] {{Goofy}} animated short ''My African Diary'' featured hartebeest, which resemble medium-sized antelope whose horns are shaped like hearts, hence their name.
* Minerva Mink and Baynarts "Charlton" Woodchuck from ''WesternAnimation/{{Animaniacs}}''.
** Calhoon Q. Capybara and Who Who the ring tailed lemur (who looks vaguely like a red panda) from "Back In Style" count too.
* Rocko the wallaby in ''WesternAnimation/RockosModernLife''.
* ''WesternAnimation/TheLandBeforeTime'' series shows not only the StockDinosaurs, but also features several more obscure dinosaurs as well.
* ''WesternAnimation/DinosaurTrain'' primarily features many obscure dinosaur genera.
* ''WesternAnimation/AlmostNakedAnimals'' has a narwhal, a dugong, a beluga, and a manatee.
* ''WesternAnimation/BrandyAndMrWhiskers'' has all sorts of obscure South American fauna including a giant otter, tapirs, capybaras, kinkajous, coatis, basilisk lizards, marmosets, and even a walking stick insect.
* ''WesternAnimation/FishHooks'' has Albert [[MeaningfulName Glass]] the glass catfish.
* ''WesternAnimation/VeggieTales'' features a song dedicated to "Barbara Manatee." They also had another song called "Song of the Cebu".
* ''WesternAnimation/AdventuresFromTheBookOfVirtues'' has Aurora the red-tailed hawk, Socrates the bobcat, and Aristotle the prairie dog.
* ''[[MiscellaneousDisneyShorts The Pelican and the Snipe]]'' starred [[ExactlyWhatItSaysOnTheTin a pelican and a snipe]], probably being the only cartoon you can see the latter species.
* ''WesternAnimation/RegularShow'' has Mordecai the blue jay.
** It also has Margaret's cousin John, who may be based on an oriole, a rather obscure bird, which clearly shows the creators did their research.
** The episode "Replaced" has Chad the Australian possum and Jeremy the ostrich, the former of which is rarely represented in fiction.
** Rigby himself closely resembles the crab-eating raccoon of South America more than the common North American raccoon. It's never been confirmed which one he is supposed to be.
*** Though in the music video bumper, a live-action North American raccoon was briefly seen before becoming live-action Rigby.
** The commercial seen in "Every Meat Burrito" makes a list of several obscure animals (aside from bacon and long pig).
--> Gila monster, pigeon, marmot, dik-dik, baboon, bushpig, [[ImAHumanitarian long pig]], aardwolf, manatee, bat-eared fox, red bat, spotted bat, [[RuleOfThree dog-faced bat]], opossum, emu, hairy long-nosed armadillo, big hairy armadillo, [[RuleOfThree screaming hairy armadillo]], colocolo, spectacled bear, lowland tapir, red deer, shy albatross, komondor dog, hagfish, Sonoran sidewinder, snorkel viper, oak-leaf rattler, [[BaconAddiction bacon]], narwhal, kookaburra, aha ha, blobfish, bulldog stargazer, tufted titmouse, screaming cowbird, green jay, lady Amherst pheasant, Polish chicken, quetzal, Surinam toad, tomato frog, turtle frog, Christmas tree worm, vampire squid, coelacanth, mugger crocodile, aye-aye, dumbo octopus, platypus... and more!
* ''WesternAnimation/TheSecretSaturdays'' has a Komodo dragon and an ''Ornithocheirus'' as two of the main animal characters. Similarly, it has a wide variety of obscure cryptids like the Hibagon and the Owlman.
* The [[MiscellaneousDisneyShorts Miscellaneous Disney Short]], "[[ Pigs is Pigs]]," features two guinea pigs the Westcote railroad station who reproduce countless offspring. Guinea pigs may not be that seldom seen these days, but they were seldom seen back in 1954, when this cartoon was released.
* One late 1950s/early '60s Hanna-Barbera cartoon had a hyena (a carnivore not much seen outside of media related to ''Disney/TheLionKing'', as noted above) named Hardy Har Har. He was a spotted, "laughing" hyena (have you ever seen a striped hyena on TV?[[note]] Besides ''[[Anime/TheJungleBook Jungle Book Shonen Mowgli]]'', ''Disney/{{Dumbo}}'', ''WesternAnimation/JungleCubs'', and ''CowAndChicken''.[[/note]]), and [[ArtisticLicenseBiology was drawn to resemble a dog (even though hyenas are more closely related to mongooses and meerkats)]].
* ''WesternAnimation/PeepAndTheBigWideWorld'' has blue jays.
* Muddy Mudskipper from ''WesternAnimation/TheRenAndStimpyShow''.
* The 2007 version of ''WesternAnimation/{{George of the Jungle}}'' tend to feature lesser-known animals such as a tapir and a meerkat.
* The giant anteater in ''WesternAnimation/TopCat'', a show that aired in the early 1960s, when anteaters at all were a rare occurrence in fiction.
* Kiki the capybara and the manatee dummy in one episode of ''WesternAnimation/BobsBurgers''
* ''WesternAnimation/TennesseeTuxedoAndHisTales'' has Jerboa Jump the kangaroo rat.
* ''WesternAnimation/MikeLuAndOg'' has a wombat who is a FriendlyEnemy with Alfred.
* ''WesternAnimation/TheRaccoons'' had Cyril Sneer, an aardvark. In 1985.
* ''Main/NoahsIsland'' had [[ aardvark]], [[ proboscis monkey]], [[ mandrill]], [[ desman]], [[ bandicoot]], [[ aye-aye]], [[ golden mole]], [[ baboon]], [[ hyena]], [[ wombat]], [[ hyrax]], [[ Komodo dragon]], [[ wallaby]], [[ pangolin]], [[ mongoose]], [[ sloth]], and [[ Spix's macaw]][[note]] as well as more common species: bears, mammoth, giraffe, kangaroo, rabbit, gorilla, orangutan, rhino, dolphin, walrus, dodo, penguin, vulture, elephant, poodle, lion, tortoise, parakeet, warthog, gnu, and sea turtle[[/note]].
* ''WesternAnimation/LittlestPetShop2012'' has Sunil Nevla the mongoose.
** And as far as dog breeds go, there have so far been Zoe, a Cavalier King Charles Spaniel; Sam U.L., a Griffon Bruxellois; and Philippe, a French Terrier. All three breeds are actually rather common in real life but are rarely represented in fiction, probably because they're difficult to recognize.
** Overall, this series is not shy about picking from anywhere in the animal kingdom, such as with Steve, a water cobra; Bearded Lady, a bearded lizard; Desi, a myna bird; and Sweetcheeks, a sugar glider. Julie [=McNally=] Cahill and Tim Cahill have previously shown their expertise at animal identification with ''My Gym Partner's a Monkey'' (see below).
* The ''Farm League'' shorts on ''Roleplay/DCNation'' featuring a FunnyAnimal ComicBook/JusticeLeagueOfAmerica include Supermanatee, Batmongoose, Wonder Wombat, Aquamandrill and Green Lamprey (who, despite his name, is a warthog). Their villains include Lex Liger. Yes, the lion/tiger crossbreed species.
* ''WesternAnimation/AdventureTime'' had a Surinam toad in the episode "Five More Short Graybles".
** In the episode "A Glitch is a Glitch", Jake mentions dreaming as a coelacanth.
** "Apple Wedding" introduces Wyatt, an elephant seal.
** The first issue of [[ComicBook/AdventureTime the comic]] showed fossils of ''Torosaurus'', ''Lambeosaurus'', and a glyptodont.
* ''WesternAnimation/CowAndChicken'' featured striped hyenas, a jackal, and spotted owls.
* ''WesternAnimation/MyDadTheRockStar'' has Mosh the Komodo dragon.
* ''WesternAnimation/{{Futurama}}'' often uses this trope.
* ''WesternAnimation/MyGymPartnersAMonkey'' has several of these, particularly Jake Spidermonkey. Any character in the series, in fact, can be identified down to the species.
* Babu the ocelot from ''{{WesternAnimation/Archer}}''. {{Lampshade|Hanging}}d by the [[PsychopathicManchild titular character]] with his overjoyed exclamation of "I've never seen an ocelot before!"
* ''George and Martha'' has Bud and Valerie the hyenas, and some of the minor characters include a Komodo dragon, ring-tailed lemurs, and a manatee.
* ''ChipAndDaleRescueRangers'' had a Tasmanian devil in the episode "Wolf in Cheap Clothing".
* ''PhineasAndFerb'':
** Part of Heinz Doofenshmirtz's HilariouslyAbusiveChildhood involved getting adopted by ocelots.
** In "Tour De Ferb", Doofenshmirtz's part-time job involved posing for an advertisement with a wombat.
** In "Interview With a Platypus", among the animals chasing Candace are a roadrunner and a spotted hyena.
** "Hawaiian Vacation" had a manta ray. Also in the same episode, Perry and Doofenshmirtz briefly get transformed into an ''Ichthyornis'' and a mudskipper respectively.
** The red-billed oxpecker from "What'd I Miss?"
** "The Secret of Success" had a manatee.
** "Where's Perry" featured blesbok, bongo, zebu, waterbuck, and ring-tailed lemurs.
** The blind cave salamander from "Save Summer".
** "Der Kinderlumper" had chinchillas.
** The star-nosed mole from "At the Car Wash".
** "It's About Time!" had ''Alamosaurus'' and enantiornithines.
** Perry himself, a duck-billed platypus, counts as one. The creators wanted his species to be an uncommon animal that couldn't be bought from pet stores.
** Some of the OWCA agents include a mongoose, a great grey heron, and an aardvark.
* From ''TheEmperorsNewSchool'': Red-eyed Tree Frog Man.
* ''CampLazlo'' has Slinkman the banana slug, Chip and Skip the dung beetles, Patsy the mongoose, and Dave and Ping-Pong the loons.
* ''MyLittlePonyFriendshipIsMagic'':
** Some of Fluttershy's birds include jays, loons, and bitterns.
** "The Best Night Ever" has wallaroos, meadowlarks, and spider monkeys.
** The peregrine falcon from "May the Best Pet Win".
** One of Ahuizotl's cat minions is a lynx.
*** Speaking of which, Ahuizotl himself is a mythological example of this trope.
* Season 3 of ''WesternAnimation/TheAmazingWorldOfGumball'' had the Wattersons adopt an aggressive soft-shelled turtle as a pet.
* ''DinoRiders'' had ''Torosaurus'', ''Monoclonius'', ''Edmontonia'', ''Kentrosaurus'', ''Saurolophus'', ''Placerias'', ''Pachyrinosaurus'', ''Chasmosaurus'', ''Desmatosuchus'', ''Megatherium'', ''Doedicurus'', and ''Entelodon'' alongside the usual StockDinosaurs.
* ''WesternAnimation/TheWildThornberrys'', being a show about animals, has boatloads of these. From dugongs to colugos.
* The Penguin in ''WesternAnimation/BatmanTheAnimatedSeries'' used exotic birds like the Andean vulture and the cassowary in some of his crimes.
* ''WesternAnimation/KennyTheShark'' has a bull shark named Elly who served as a temporary LoveInterest for the titular character.
* Slammu of ''WesternAnimation/StreetSharks'' takes the form of a whale shark, as opposed to his brothers who transform into well-known shark species (great white, hammerhead, and tiger shark).
* One episode of ''WesterAnimation/TheClevelandShow'', "A Short Story and a Tall Tale", had a Komodo dragon named Cameron.
* ''WesternAnimation/BabarAndTheAdventuresOfBadou'' has Munroe the African crested porcupine and Hoot the spotted hyena. Marabou storks also frequently show up in the series.
* Sometimes the only point of an episode of ''WesternAnimation/WildKratts'' is showcasing little known animals - or little known facts about normal animals. We have seen caracals and fossa, and even the pigeon got a highlight in one episode when it was revealed that is one of only three types of bird to [[spoiler: feed their young with milk (the other two being a specific sort of penguin and a specific sort of flamingo)]].

* ''WalkingWithDinosaurs'' and its continuations have several hundred tons of these.
** The original WWD featured Coelophysis, Postosuchus, Placerias, Thrinaxodon, Peteinosaurus, Ornitholestes, Anurognathus, Dryosaurus, Ophthalmosaurus, Liopleurodon, Eustreptospondylus, Cryptoclidus, Hybodus, Perisphinctes, Ornithocheirus, Utahraptor, Tupandactylus, Polacanthus, Iberomesornis, Leallynasaura, Muttaburasaurus, Koolasuchus, coatimundis, Torosaurus, Dromeosaurus, Didelphodon, Deinosuchus, and Dinilysia.
** The Ballad of Big Al had Dryosaurus, Ornitholestes, Onurognathus, and Othnielia.
** Walking with Beasts has Leptictidium, Gastornis, Ambulocetus, Propalaeotherium, Godinotia, Titanomyrmia, Basilosaurus, Andrewsarchus, Embolotherium, Dorudon, Moeritherium, Apidium, Physogaleus, Paraceratherium, Hyaenodon, Chalicotherium, Cynodictis, Australopithecus, Dinofelis, Ancylotherium, Deinotherium, Macrauchenia, Megatherium, Phorusrhacos, Doedicurus, Megaloceras, Wooly rhinos, and European lions.
** The Lost World has Epanterias, Hypsilophodon, entelodonts, and Java man.
** Chased by Dinosaurs has Argentinosaurus, Sarcosuchus, Giganotosaurus, Ornithocheirus, Macrogryphosaurus, Saurolophus, Mononykus, Tarbosaurus, Therizinosaurus, and Azdarcho.
** Sea Monsters has Cameroceras, Megalograspis, Astraspis, Isotelus, Peteinosaurus, Nothosaurus, Tanystropheus, Cymbospondylus, Liliensternus, Bothriolepis, Stethacanthus, Dunkleosteus, Arsinoitherium, Dorudon, Basilosaurus, Odobenocetops, Cetotherium, Leedsichthys, Metriorhynchus, Hybodus, Liopleurodon, Hesperornis, Squalicorax, Xiphactinus, Halisaurus, Archelon, and Tylosaurus.
** Walking with Cavemen has Australopithecus, Ancylotherium, Deinotherium, Paranthropus, Homo habilis, Dinofelis, Deinotherium, Ancylotherium, Homo rudolfensis, Homo ergaster, Homo erectus, Gigantopithecus, Homo heidelbergensis, and Megaloceras.
** Walking with Monsters has trilobites, Anomalocaris, Haikouichthys, Cephalaspis, Brontoscorpio, Pterygotus, Cameroceras, sponges, sea urchins, Hynerpeton, Hyneria, Stethacanthus, Mesothelae, Petrolacosaurus, Meganeura, Arthropleura, Proterogyrinus, Edaphosaurus, Seymouria, Gorgonops, Diictodon, Rhinesuchus, Scutosaurus, Lystrosaurus, Euparkeria, Proterosuchus, and Euchambersia.
** The Arena Spectacular has Liliensternus, Ornithocheirus, Plateosaurus, Torosaurus, and Utahraptor.
** PrehistoricPark has Nyctosaurus, cave bears, Elasmotherium, cave hyenas, Borealosaurus, Eosipterus, Incisivosaurus, Mei Long, Phorusrhacos, Toxodon, Arthropleura, Crassigyrinus, Meganeura, Pulmonoscorpius, Albertosaurus, Deinosuchus, and Nyctosaurus.
** The 3D film has Pachyrhinosaurus, Alexornis, Gorgosaurus, Edmontonia, Chirostenotes, Parksosaurus, Hesperonychus, and Alphadon.
* ''[[ Weird n' Wild Creatures]]'', a series of children's fact & trading cards that originally ran from 2003-2006, loved this trope. ''Eustreptospondylus'', ''Dapedium'', Budgett's frogs, genets, hooded pitohuis, hellbenders, predatory tunicates, stoplight loosejaws, toe-biters, red-backed shrikes, pichiciegos, Javan wart snakes… and that's not even scratching the surface.
* A common way to get yourself noticed in the FurryFandom is to have a fursona of an unusual species like a thylacine to counteract the countless animal stereotypes in the fandom.
* The mascots for the Sydney 2000 Olympics were a kookaburra, echidna and platypus - chosen in part to provide a LandSeaSky combination and in part because Australian organisers thought kangaroos and koalas were overused.