"Ok suicide booth, give me your best shot. Electrocution please, side order of poison... Helloooo? Kill me you stupid machine! What the... 'local calls fifty cents'!? It's a street corner telephone parlor! Oh, what kind of horrible, suicide-free time is this?"
A Phone Booth is a tiny closet, often outdoors and usually with one or more glass-paned walls, designed to contain a Pay Phone. Even before cell phones took over, they were being replaced by the more space-efficient standalone pay phones. Today they are almost entirely gone, although the booths themselves are seeing a resurgence in upscale theaters and restaurants to reduce public cell phone chatter.
In Britain, there are still a fair few phone boxes around (Maybe a certain show keeps them in style?), although the traditional Red Telephone Box is an increasingly rare sight outside of central London, where many have been preserved - perhaps to enable Tourists to take a photograph proving that they really are in London.
In addition to the tropes associated with the Pay Phone, there are a number associated with the Phone Booth itself.
In fiction the Phone Booth has often been used as a changing room, most notably by Superman. In Real Life the aforementioned glass-paned walls would make this problematic. (In the early days of Superman, phone booths usually only had glass in the door — and frosted glass, at that.)
It's also justified because Superman's alter-ego is a reporter. In just about every movie of the time, a reporter on the scene would duck into a nearby phone booth and call the editor or someone else at the paper's HQ. So, people would see Clark Kent jump into a booth and assume he's making a call, when he's actually changing into Superman.
In an earlier era, a popular pastime among the young was to see how many folks could be simultaneously fit in a Phone Booth. This would seem to be dangerous due to the glass-paned walls. In modern days, you will still occasionally see people trying this with port-o-johns.
A photo shoot in cycle five of America's Next Top Model had a photo shoot in which all six remaining girls had to stand in a single phone booth wearing only galoshes and newspapers (and, ostensibly, underwear).
A secret door or even elevator might be disguised as a phone booth, for example in The Man From UNCLE. The glass-paned walls might be troublesome for the secrecy here.
Spoofed in the very last seconds of the theme sequence of Get Smart.
A common horror movie trope is for the victim to be trapped by an assailant in a Phone Booth. Did we mention the glass-paned walls?
Rosette uses a payphone in Chrono Crusade. Since it's set in The Roaring Twenties, this isn't too odd...except that Chrono and Rosette actually have some sort of special phone on their ammo box that works somewhat like a modern-day cellphone, and it's never explained why she didn't use that phone in the first place.
Superman has actually lampshaded the disappearance of traditional phone booths in at least one incident.
In the movie (the 1978 one) Christopher Reeve looks for a phone booth to change into Superman, but he finds a standalone pay phone instead. He winds up using revolving doors instead (you have to see it to understand).
Lola Rennt has a long scene inside of a phone booth.
The movie Phone Booth had its somewhat Jerkass main character trapped in a Phone Booth by a sniper.
Alfred Hitchcock's film The Birds features a memorably bloody scene where the heroine takes shelter in a phone booth, which is then battered by kamikaze seagulls. (Those glass walls again...)
Mel Brooks' film High Anxiety, being a spoof of suspense films like The Birds, includes a phone booth scene as a Homage. Speaking of glass walls, The Dragon attempts to kill the hero while the hero is making a phone call and winds up impaled on a glass shard from the booth.
In Duel, Mann just escapes from one before the semi plows into it.
The Spanish short film La Cabina concerns a man becoming stuck in a phone box. Played for laughs at the beginning. At the end ... not so much.
Apparently, the phone booth from Local Hero is the one that gets the most phone calls per year in the UK. The location didn't actually have a phone booth when the film was made, but one was later installed as a tourist attraction.
The Matrix ended its opening sequence with Trinity narrowly escaping through one of these.
In Dumb and Dumber, one of the mooks makes a long phone call to the villain, but an impatient man outside demands him to get off the phone only to be punched through the glass and knocked out.
Toward the end of The President's Analyst, Dr. Schaefer gets stuck in one - he waves down a truck, but instead of freeing him they pull up the whole booth, with him trapped inside, replace it with an empty one, and spirit him away to the headquarters of The Phone Company. Earlier on, one of their booths similarly trapped a pursuing Chinese agent to keep him from getting abducted by them.
The "Police Call Box" disguise of the TARDIS in Doctor Who is essentially a Phone Booth skin. The disappearance of Police Call Boxes from the natural environment has made this something of a Trope Breaker in recent years, especially since fans presumably would not take kindly to having the TARDIS "unstuck" from its Call Box form. For obviousreasons, the TARDIS "Phone Booth" lacks glass-paned windows.
This has actually been lampshaded a few times in the new series. Given a Hand Wave by the mention of a device that makes people ignore it- that and the Doctor's a time traveller. It's not like it's fit in just about anywhere he's parked it since his first trip to Earth.
The 6th Doctor did try and fix the Chameleon Circuit at one point, but the results were equally if not more conspicuous; at one point it turned into a fairground organ. He seems to have given up and put it back the way it was at some point. The Master's TARDIS never seemed to have this problem.
Some notable examples of police boxes that are still standing in the street are in Edinburgh, where a couple of police phone boxes have been converted into coffee kiosks. They seem to be pretty popular as well.
Get Smart used the Phone-Booth-as-an-elevator trick in its opening credits. Of course, the phone booth was behind several serious-looking and presumably locked doors, which made the disguise a bit unnecessary.
There was also an episode with a phone booth that was rigged to fill with water, drowning the person inside. (The door was locked from the outside while the water poured in.)
A Not the Nine O'Clock News sketch involves someone engaged in the anti-social habit of urinating in a phone box ... before revealing that the queue of people behind him have the same intent.
The former has only two commands it will accept: "Pick up phone booth", which kills you, and "Push phone booth", which wins the game.
In The Lost Crown, Nigel has to use a phone booth to contact anyone outside Saxton, as he didn't bring his cell and the phone in his rented cottage is broken haunted.
In Mass Effect 3, The penultimate levels are set in London. Despite the fact that it's half-past the futurenote and completely ignoring the fact absolutely everyone has an Omni-Tool, a portable computer that can make phone calls, there are plenty of the iconic red British Telecom phone boxes (see the page image if you are somehow unfamiliar with them) in the background detail... more, in fact, than you would see almost anywhere in the real London today.
The entrance to Section 13 in Jackie Chan Adventures is through a phone booth that serves as an elevator, although it appears there is an easier way in through the stairs. For the most part it does work in concealing the location of the instillation.
The Safe House, a spy-themed restaurant in Milwaukee, has a themed phone booth where guests can choose from a selection of background noises while placing a call, the better to deceive listeners espionage-style.