%% Image selected per Image Pickin' thread: http://tvtropes.org/pmwiki/posts.php?discussion=1391497039098661800
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[[caption-width-right:350:[[WrongTurnAtAlbuquerque "I]] ''[[WrongTurnAtAlbuquerque knew]]'' [[WrongTurnAtAlbuquerque I should have taken a left turn at Albuquerque."]]]]

->'''Celia:''' Doesn't anyone think it's odd that tropical birds were flying around in this climate?\\
'''Haley:''' Have you ever read an encounter table? Nothing surprises me anymore.\\
'''Belkar:''' I once fought 1d3 dire camels in a swamp. No joke.
-->-- ''Webcomic/TheOrderOfTheStick'', [[http://www.giantitp.com/comics/oots0564.html strip #564]]

This trope is the bane of naturalists, just as AnachronismStew is the bane of historians. It can manifest several different ways.

Generally, filmmakers use whichever animals they can get for a scene involving wild animals, especially in films set in DarkestAfrica or TheAmazon. Whether the animals are in the right environment, on the right continent or displaying appropriate behaviour is something they just hope we won't ask about.

Notorious in the case of elephants for scenes in DarkestAfrica, since the only trained elephants available tend to be Indian, not African.

Glaringly obvious in the case of monkeys, as the cutest monkeys, the ones with the round faces and prehensile tails, are exclusive to the New World. Old World monkeys have long, wrinkly, often brightly colored faces and bare, often colourful, butts with non-prehensile (most of the macaque family and the colobus family) or vestigial (the drill and mandrill) tails, so any film in Africa, India, Asia, or the Middle East featuring a cute little monkey hanging by its tail will annoy a naturalist like a [[Creator/WilliamShakespeare Shakespearean]] costume at Myth/KingArthur's court annoys an English historian.

Also, scary things like snakes and spiders will consist of whatever the pet store had in stock. Never mind where these animals live. Never mind if they're even really dangerous either.

Can qualify as a full-fledged [[ArtisticLicenseBiology biology fail]] in cases where the animal wouldn't even be able to ''survive'' in the environment where it's depicted, never mind being in the wrong place. Fishes are perhaps the most common victims of this, as when freshwater species such as piranha or electric eels are shown living in the ocean, salinity ought to kill them in minutes.

Misidentified wildlife is another feature of this Trope. This tends to happen to birds a lot. Some movies show a bird making [[NoisyNature generic ambient noise type calls]], usually via stock footage. This ruins any sense of immersion for birdwatchers, who will immediately ask, "Hey, what's a White-throated Sparrow doing in feudal Japan?" Indeed one will eventually come away with the impression that there are no birdwatchers in Hollywood.

Occasionally, a movie or TV show will attempt to justify Misplaced Wildlife by identifying an animal onscreen, such as that White-throated Sparrow, as [[LampshadeHanging something ''completely'' different]] - even if it's a species that looks nothing like the creature onscreen.

Also, sometimes [[NoisyNature background sound effects]] contain sounds of animals not native to the setting of the film/TV show. Perhaps the most notorious example is JunglesSoundLikeKookaburras, the use of the distinctive "[[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=UXA0-YAoo9Q laugh]]" of the [[UsefulNotes/AustralianWildlife Australian kookaburra]] in jungle scenes set in Africa, or anywhere else other than Australia. This began with MGM's early-30s jungle movies like ''Tarzan, the Ape Man'', and ever since, '''everybody''' [[TheCoconutEffect has used this sound as jungle background]].

Naturally, this trope occurs much less often when the filming actually takes place within the area where the story is set. Also, this trope generally applies only to normal animals. {{Funny Animal}}s can be easily called as immigrants of some sort if found out of their element. A few cases might be explained with CreatorProvincialism, as the creators [[WriteWhoYouKnow incorporate the animals they're are most familiar with]].

Note that this trope can also occur with plant life. In fact, it occurs often enough that MisplacedVegetation is its own SisterTrope.

See also NoisyNature, DiurnalNocturnalAnimal, ArtisticLicensePaleontology, SomewhereAnOrnithologistIsCrying, SomewhereAHerpetologistIsCrying, and PolarBearsAndPenguins.



* Averted in the Coke commercials with the polar bear family for almost a decade... until [[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xIk7Q_DJIgQ this 2006 commercial.]] ''Sigh...'' Possibly justified in that the penguins are on vacation, as they float in on patches of ice.
* In [[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GM-bQsbrGs4 the Snickers Feast ads]] with a Viking and a pilgrim, the Viking's headdress is made partially from the hide of raccoons, which are specific to the Western Hemisphere. He could have been a Viking who traveled to North America, but it's doubtful that the makers of the commercials thought about that.
* There's a Hyundai commercial with a car driving past a lot of wild animals that are impressed by its look. Most of them are common North American forest species, but there's also prairie dogs (which don't belong in the woods), plus lemurs and an emu (which don't even belong on the same continent as the rest, or each other).
* A Geico commercial shows African penguins living in the South Pole. As their name suggests, African penguins are only found in Africa (specifically, the southern coast) and wouldn't be able to survive the extreme environment of the Antarctic. It's likely that African penguins were the most easily available for commercial shoots.
** Another Geico ad shows some children playing the game "Marco Polo" in a backyard pool with the historical Marco Polo. A llama stands by the pool watching the game for some reason ... presumably (since it's wearing a pack) because the commercial's writers didn't know that they're from the wrong continent for Polo to have ever used one on his travels.

[[folder:Anime & Manga]]
* In ''Anime/MomotarosDivineSeaWarriors'', the little island where the Japanese build their base contains elephants, rhinos, kangaroos, and crocodiles, none of which are found in the islands of the southwest Pacific. In fact, animals that large aren't found on small islands, period.
* More of a translation problem, but nearly every animal in an anime referred to as a raccoon is in reality a raccoon dog (or ''tanuki''), a completely unrelated animal. Raccoons are native to the Americas. Some, like the one below, may be referring to actual raccoons since they are an invasive species now found in 42 out of 47 prefectures.
* ''Rascal the Raccoon'' is a 1977 anime series with a main character that is a raccoon. At the time it was very popular, leading to around 1,500 raccoons that were imported as pets each year after the success of the anime series, so it became something of a SelfFulfillingProphecy.
* The main island of Japan hosts a sort of urban-dwelling dove similar to a morning dove with a very distinctive call: ''hoot-hoot / low grumble.'' This call is heard in ''Anime/KaleidoStar'' even though the beginning of the story is set in UsefulNotes/LosAngeles.
* ''Manga/HayateTheCombatButler'' has, among other things, tigers in Africa. When the author found out that tigers don't ''live'' in Africa, he admitted to not doing the research... and then, since it's a GagSeries, lampshaded it in a flashback in a later chapter by portraying an African savanna with such diverse species as pandas, unicorns, dinosaurs, and a "dragon" that looks rather like a person in a costume.
* This is brought up in ''[[Manga/PetShopOfHorrors Petshop of Horrors: Tokyo]]'', in a chapter where D points out to Wu Fei that many of the animals that are considered normal in Japan were actually imported from other countries.
* The Jungle in ''Anime/HareGuu'' contains [[NonStandardCharacterDesign oddly drawn bears]]. The manga even says in a small box [[DontExplainTheJoke "Note: there are no bears in the jungle."]] Said jungle also seems to have pokute as its primary form of wildlife, so...
* Part of Goku and Krillen's [[WaxOnWaxOff training]] in ''Manga/DragonBall'' involves swimming ten laps between the shore of a lake that for some reason has a shark in it.
* The "Best Wishes" arc of the ''Anime/{{Pokemon}}'' anime featured Pikachu in the Unova region, which ironically did not feature such Pokémon (or ''any'' Pokémon from the first four generations) there. This was only because Ash brought the Pikachu with him; there had yet to be any appearances of the 493 Pokémon from prior generations in the wild. There were also instances of certain Pokémon appearing in a region in which they're normally not native to, especially during both the Hoenn and Sinnoh arcs. Corrected in the Gen V sequel games as being the result of computer malfunctions releasing non-native mons into the region. Krabby, Onix and Magnemite are seen during one of the Dawn visit episodes, which makes this an in-universe example.
* ''Manga/KimbaTheWhiteLion'' has the title character living in a jungle while real lions live in savannas. {{Justified|Trope}} when Kimba's odd home is made into a plot point involving the [[AncientEgypt heritage]] of the white lions. Although real ''African'' lions typically live in open grassland and low tree density savannah, it's not unknown for them to live in bush and forest habitats. It's even more normal for Asiatic lions where mixed open forest(or jungle)/grassland (high tree density savannah) habitat is more normal.
* ''Literature/ArashiNoYoruNi'' features bison, cougars, grizzly bears, prairie dogs, skunks, raccoons, wild boars, [[{{Tanuki}} raccoon dogs,]] and baboons living in a forest with several goats and wolves.
* ''Manga/ShinryakuIkaMusume'' had a king cobra on a mountain in Japan.
* The ''Manga/{{Doraemon}}'' movie "Nobita and the Birth of Japan" has a woolly rhinoceros and a crocodile in Quaternary Japan. This gets fixed in the 2016 remake, where they are appropriately replaced by a steppe bison and a giant salamander respectively.

[[folder:Comic Books]]
* The origin of the first Black Condor (in an issue of ''Crack Comics'') has the his parents being killed while they were in Mongolia and himself being raised by condors... which live nowhere near Mongolia.
* During Kurt Busiek's run on ''ComicBook/TheAvengers'', a Snowbird {{expy}} called Silverclaw shows up; she can only turn into animals native to South America. The cheetah was retconned into a jaguar next issue (though she changed into that for ''speed''), but they never tried to explain the cockatoo.
* Both used and averted in ''ComicBook/IncredibleHulk'' #250 when ComicBook/SilverSurfer visited the North Pole and encountered large groups of penguins. To avert a storm of No-Prizes, the [[NoteFromEd editor]] wrote in the bottom of the panel that he knew penguins lived on the opposite side of the world but the artist drew them so cute that he left them in.
* In ''ComicBook/{{Prez|1973}}'', the Native American NobleSavage Eagle Free is seen communing with a group of forest creatures that includes a monkey, an elephant and a gorilla.

[[folder:Comic Strips]]
* The [[http://www.gocomics.com/calvinandhobbes/1986/05/24 May 24, 1986]] ''ComicStrip/CalvinAndHobbes'' strip has Calvin imagining himself as a crocodile in the Amazon. Okay, but he then imagines his dad as a hippopotamus... which are native to ''Africa''.
* The daily comic strip ''Crock'' follows a French Foreign Legion unit in North Africa. It routinely features cacti, which only occur naturally in New World deserts. May be a case of RealityIsUnrealistic, since several species of cactus from the new world have become naturalized through the Mediterranean basin, with most having been imported more than 100 years ago for use either as crops or ornamentals.
* Lampshaded in a ''Polar Express'' parody in a ''ComicStrip/FoxTrot'' comic strip: The conductor welcomes Roger to the North Pole... until Roger points out the presence of penguins. "Stupid Map-Quest!"
* Readers of Blog/TheComicsCurmudgeon study the ''ComicStrip/MarkTrail'' strip to pin down the location of his 'Lost Forest' homebase by the species of wildlife present - it's a geographical uncertainty like Springfield in ''WesternAnimation/TheSimpsons''.
* JustifiedTrope in ''ComicStrip/ThePhantom''. There are wild tigers in the African country of Bengali because an Indian Maharaja once brought a group of them from India some hundred years earlier.

[[folder:Fan Works]]
* The ''Literature/{{Discworld}}'' fic ''Fanfic/NatureStudies'' deals with some ''seriously'' misplaced wildlife. CMOT Dibbler's brainwave - to establish a safari park nearby to Ankh-Morpork - goes seriously wrong when the imported animals escape and colonise Hide Park. An Urban Safari ensues to round them up, led by an ActionGirl who, unlike Dibbler, knows all about [[DarkestAfrica Howondalandian]] fauna.
* ''Fanfic/CalvinAndHobbesGetXtreme'' has yaks on a ''North American'' mountain.

[[folder:Films -- Animation]]
* ''Series/WalkingWithDinosaurs 3D'': Alex's modern day incarnation is a rook, a corvid that isn't found in Alaska.
* ''Disney/TheJungleBook''
** In [[Franchise/DisneyAnimatedCanon Disney's version]] (set in India), Monkey People look mostly correct, with the glaring exception of Louie the ''orangutan'' (native to Indonesia).
** Strangely, Louie was kept in both the LiveActionAdaptation and "The Kipling group of Fables" in the comic book ''ComicBook/{{Fables}}'', despite being a Disney addition and neither part of Creator/RudyardKipling's work nor a genuine "Fable". In the live-action ''Jungle Book'' it was at least [[LampshadeHanging acknowledged]] that Louie was out of place. But since ''Fables'' are influenced by people's beliefs about them, [[FanWank it's not impossible that]] Louie exists simply [[AdaptationDisplacement because more people have seen the Disney movie than read Kipling's books,]] and WordOfGod is that he simply didn't do the research.
** The ''Jungle Book 2'' has ocelots make a small appearance during a song. Ocelots live in South America. Same goes to the hippos considering how they live in Africa.
** In the animated spin-off ''WesternAnimation/JungleCubs'', aside from Louie there's baboons (there's some evil ones during season 1), babirusa, cheetah (surprisingly, they were cheetahs in India until the early 20th century) and many other critters.
* Abu in [[Franchise/DisneyAnimatedCanon Disney's]] ''Disney/{{Aladdin}}'', who looks like a New-World monkey in Arabia. There was mention in [[WesternAnimation/AladdinTheSeries the animated series]] that Abu was imported as part of a traveling circus before he was adopted by Aladdin, and his tiny vest and hat was an artifact of this past, though this may have been an AuthorsSavingThrow. And Iago the parrot seems to be a very small version of a Scarlet Macaw. We had to wait for the TV series to get an explanation: during a jaunt to the Amazon, Iago mentions he left the area a while back.
* Despite including a parody of this trope (listed below) [[Franchise/DisneyAnimatedCanon Disney's]] ''Disney/{{Tarzan}}'' messed up by having lemurs (native only to Madagascar) in mainland Africa. At least they put a leopard in the place of the book's lion, which, given the jungle setting, is much more appropriate. The LicensedGame on the other hand, turns this trope UpToEleven. Most of the enemies Tarzan has to avoid are misplaced, from South American toucans, macaws and squirrel monkeys to ''piranhas'' (yes, the game plays this example straight after the movie it's based on parodies it). The ring-tailed lemurs return from the movie, as do the vicious baboons; they're some of the ''only'' African enemies encountered. ''Tarzan 2'' features giraffes, wildebeests, and gazelles in the jungle. ''WesternAnimation/TheLegendOfTarzan'' had blue-and-yellow macaws and tarantulas in Africa, as well as the ring-tailed lemurs from the movie. There's also savannah animals like the aforementioned giraffes, zebras, spotted hyenas, and briefly what looked like a lioness (even after the original movie averted this) living in the jungle.
* ''Disney/TheLionKing'' came oh-so-close to avoiding this trope... if only it wasn't for those leaf-cutting ants and anteaters, native to South America. Whoops. "I Just Can't Wait to be King" also features what appear to be spider monkeys (also South America), though it's the film's DisneyAcidSequence, so it's debatable how much this counts. The sequel also slips up by putting an exclusively rainforest-dwelling Okapi in the savanna… although it ''is'' an African species, just from the wrong part of Africa. And then there's the ''WesternAnimation/{{Animaniacs}}'' version of ''The Lion King,'' which for some reason, featured tigers living in what appears to be Africa. Though [[{{Deconstruction}} knowing]] ''[[RuleOfFunny Animaniacs]]'', this may have been a LampshadeHanging on the above instances. The ''Animaniacs'' version also apparently kept the leafcutter ants. If you ''really'' want to split hairs, meerkats (Timon's species) live only in Southern Africa in Namibia, Botswana and South Africa, while Mandrills (Rafiki's species) are restricted to an area of western Central Africa comprising Equatorial Guinea and parts of Cameroon, Gabon and Congo.
* ''Disney/{{Bambi}}'', set in Northeastern America, came very close too -- until the ''California'' Quails show up. Bambi himself was originally a Roe Deer and the story took place in a German forest. But the setting was changed and he was made a White-tailed Deer to be more familiar to the American audience.
* The Quails also appear (to cluck with disapproval at the Dwarves' dirty floor) in ''Disney/SnowWhiteAndTheSevenDwarfs'' (which also featured raccoons, both native to North America), which is implied to take place in Europe. Those Quails get around!
* And there they are again in ''Disney/SleepingBeauty''!
* And there they are AGAIN again in ''Disney/{{Pocahontas}}''! Now, it is true that some animals ranged farther into the eastern parts of North America in pre-colonial times, but come on, and that's not even touching on the moose. It leads one to think that the filmmakers have never even been to Virginia, given the spectacular ArtisticLicenseGeography of the landscape. Elk would have been more accurate if they were looking for something larger than a white-tail in Colonial times. There's also a large grizzly bear with cubs, even though there are only black bears in Virginia.
* ''Disney/{{Dinosaur}}'' had ''Brachiosaurus'' interacting with Cretaceous-period dinosaurs, as well as ''lemurs'', which did not evolve until well after dinosaurs went extinct. Meanwhile the ''Carnotaurus'' that appeared was found only in South America, with relatives in Africa and southern Europe. Thus, this movie had Misplaced Wildlife ''and'' AnachronismStew simultaneously. The opening scene also featured a ''Koolasuchus'', which was a giant amphibian that ''only'' thrived in arctic regions (the South Pole, to be precise, on the exact opposite part of the planet). Even taking tectonic shift into account, those didn't belong there.
** The film at least ''tries'' to justify the Baylene and the carnotaurs by saying that the former is the last of her kind and that the latter are never found as far north as the apparent setting of the film, saying that they must have been driven out by the meteor.
* ''WesternAnimation/FindingNemo'' was very impressive with its well researched Great Barrier Reef fish. Pity they didn't extend the research to the birds, using American species of Pelican and Gull instead of Australian ones.
* ''Disney/TheLittleMermaid'' has newts and trout living in saltwater habitats and a coral reef that would be more appropriate off the coast of Australia than in the chilly Atlantic Ocean. The sequel also features a walrus living in what appears to be Antarctica. The ScreenToStageAdaptation makes Flotsam and Jetsam electric eels, which are a freshwater species native to the Amazon and Orinoco basins, and [[CallASmeerpARabbit are not true eels but knifefish]].
* ''Disney/BeautyAndTheBeast'' is set in France, but there are North American wildlife as trophies in Gaston's house.
* ''Disney/{{Pinocchio}}'' for some reason, had ostriches living in both Italy and Pleasure Island.
* ''Disney/{{Tangled}}'' apparently featured a chameleon character living in what appears to be a medieval Northern European kingdom. There ''are'' chameleons in southern Europe, but it's unlikely they'd get up that far.
* ''Disney/RobinHood'' takes place in Medieval England, but features North American species such as raccoons and grizzly bears, but also African and Asian species such as lions, elephants, hippos, and rhinos, and an unidentifiable constrictor snake that seems out of place. (The animals were cast based on the characters' personalities--King Richard the Lionheart is a lion; cunning Robin Hood is a fox, etc.)
* ''Disney/MulanII'' featured [[BearsAreBadNews grizzly bears]] and several North American wildlife pestering the main characters during one of the songs from the film in what appears to be an Asian setting.
** The original stuck to Chinese wildlife, but forgot that China is a gigantic country whose wildlife varies a great deal by region. Thus we see a giant panda (native to Sichuan province in the southwest) even though the plot revolves around fighting the Huns, who lived in ''northern'' China. That is like including jaguars (which ''are'' found in the United States, but in southwestern ones like Arizona) in, say, Maine.
* ''Disney/TheEmperorsNewGroove'' had a Eurasian Red Squirrel living in a South American jungle.
* ''WesternAnimation/IceAge'' has animals misplaced in time as well as space. At the very least, they used animals that were all around after the dinosaurs died out (with the exception of the second film's hesperornithines, mostly flightless Mesozoic diving birds). Especially confusing the mains haven't aged between the two movies, but they're set at opposite ends of the titular ice age... And then comes ''Ice Age 3: Dawn of the Dinosaurs'', when the first movie had ''humans''. Oy... The dinosaurs are at least living in a LostWorld, but the genera there are as misplaced in location and time as the other animals in the series.
* Golden Films' ''[[http://www.imdb.com/title/tt1125867/ The Jungle King]]'' Lions don't live in jungles.
* The stop-motion animation of ''WesternAnimation/FantasticMrFox'' comes very close to entering this trope, depending on your interpretation of the film. Although American animals such as the possum and grey fox are present, this could just very well be an artistic choice on the director's part. After all, some of the animals that could have more easily been represented by their American counterparts, such as the badger, were instead obviously portrayed as the Eurasian variety -- fitting as the film is set in the English countryside. Some believe that because the animals are all portrayed as American, and the humans as English, the film could represent the American Revolution... in which case, is it acceptable for a few of the animals to be American species, if a theme of the film is all about said animals/culture fighting for their own identity? Mind = blown.
* ''WesternAnimation/KungFuPanda'' has an elderly Galapagos tortoise living in ancient China as one of the film's main characters, while the sequel featured evil [[ManiacMonkeys gorillas]] (native to Africa). The tortoise at least is justified, as his backstory has him being born in the Galapagos Islands and eventually traveling to China. In general, ''WesternAnimation/KungFuPanda'' greatly averts this trope. Especially in the [[Series/KungFuPandaLegendsOfAwesomeness tv show]], where the wildlife is ''so'' accurate that you [[SeldomSeenSpecies probably won't recognize some of it]]. In all fairness, the animals are highly anthropomorphized and live like humans. It's not unreasonable to suggest that, like humans, they moved around a lot, especially after acquiring new forms of transportation such as boats and carts.
* That cute little desert mouse, Priscilla, in ''WesternAnimation/{{Rango}}''; WordOfGod is she's actually an aye-aye. The film is set in the Mohave Desert, and the aye-aye is native only to ''Madagascar''.
* The 1978 film ''The Water Babies'' has a (freshwater) electric eel working for a shark BigBad under the ocean, and lets its lobster, seahorse, and swordfish characters move freely into rivers.
* The accents and mammals (Tasmanian devil, echidna) in ''WesternAnimation/LegendOfTheGuardiansTheOwlsOfGaHoole'' make it pretty clear we're in Australia, but it includes ''every owl species in the world''. And the bats working for the pure ones appear to be vampire bats, which are native to Central and South America.
* In the animated Christmas Movie ''WesternAnimation/{{Spike}}'' there's an entire village (more like a city) of penguins within driving distance of Santa's workshop.
* Pangar Ban, Brother Aiden's pet cat in ''WesternAnimation/TheSecretOfKells'', is recognizably a Turkish Angora-- telltale signs are the pure white coat, bushy tail, and mismatched eyes-- a breed that was not introduced to Europe until the Crusades, at least four hundred years after the completion of the Book of Kells.
* Disney's version of ''PeterPan'' skirts this trope. There are North American and African animals living on the same continent, and also presumably within a few miles of each other - and in their native habitats, too! They (partly) justify it by implying (during Peter and the kids' flight from London) that Neverland exists in a separate solar system and thus is a different planet (which makes the pirates and the Indians examples of FantasyCounterpartCulture). At least the crocodile doesn't stick out too badly, since crocodiles ''are'' found in the Caribbean, which is the kind of place you'd expect to encounter folks like Captain Hook and his crew.
* In ''[[WesternAnimation/HappyFeet Happy Feet Two]]'', Sven the "flying penguin" turns out to be an Atlantic puffin (who can fly, unlike penguins). It's not entirely made clear how a bird that lives in the North Atlantic has ended up that far south.

[[folder:Films -- Live-Action]]
* ''Film/BigFish'' and ''Film/{{Sideways}}'' (deleted scene) replaced turkey vultures with one of the closely related yellow-headed vulture species. Since only turkey vultures that cannot be returned to the wild can be kept in captivity, it is apparently much simpler to just import a foreign lookalike.
* ''Film/{{Airplane}}'' somehow had an actual turkey vulture. On the other hand, the elephant in Stryker's Africa flashback was actually an Asian elephant (since African elephants cannot legally be used for film and television projects).
* In ''Film/TenThousandBC'', woolly mammoths built pyramids that resemble the Egyptian ones. Even a layman should be able to figure out giant woolly animals wouldn't live anywhere near a desert. Then there's the [[FeatheredFiend Terror Birds]] in the jungle, which were probably meant to be (South American) Phorusrhacids. More likely, they were there so that the producers could say they ''technically'' had [[EverythingsBetterWithDinosaurs dinosaurs]] chasing cavemen in their movie.
* ''Film/AnacondasTheHuntForTheBloodOrchid'' took place in Asia (specifically Borneo) -- even though most of the animals in the film are native to South America, particularly the title serpent itself (to say nothing of the tiger that appears briefly, since it's native to neither South America nor Borneo). This may be a case of failing geography rather than biology, as they might've belatedly decided to change the film's location. There's also the DEADLY golden silk orb-weaver seen several times during the film. Impressively, it's not too out of place (''Nephila'' is a very widespread genus, and there are several Asian species). On the other hand, it's not exactly DEADLY, as the many, ''many'' people who live with these things could easily tell you.
* The Transylvanian armadillos(!) in ''Film/{{Dracula|1931}}'' (1931). There's also an opossum; Browning probably meant for them to stand in as giant rats, but...
** The Spanish language version, shot from the same script on the same sets at night after the English-speaking cast and crew had gone home, does use rats. The director made a point of watching the English language footage every night before getting to work, and then making his version better. He didn't know what the armadillos were for, either.
** One theory is that the armadillos and opossums are actually a result of [[ExecutiveMeddling censorship]]; showing actual live rats would have been against the rules as too "revolting" for an American audience, so rat stand ins were rather bizarrely used. The Spanish version would have been shown in areas where this limitation wouldn't have applied, so they got away with using real rats.
** As the Spanish-language version was intended for Latin American markets, much of its intended audience would know that armadillos (native to that part of the world) are harmless and nothing like rats. English-speaking audiences -- at least, the ones outside of Texas -- would be less likely to know how very inoffensive these animals are, so might (stress ''might'') actually have found them a bit creepy.
** Then there's the bats. [[OurVampiresAreDifferent The connection between vampires and bats was never very strong in the classic vampire myths]]. Stoker mostly came up with it after reading about vampire bats somewhere and incorporating them into the story. The problem is that vampire bats are native to Latin America. The only place in Eastern Europe you're likely to find them are zoos.
* Creator/JessFranco's ''Count Dracula'' (aka ''El Conde Dracula'', 1970) lets us hear a Transylvanian ''kookaburra''! (No bird is onscreen; Franco apparently just wanted some dramatic sound and took whatever he could get.)
* Speaking of Dracula, ''Film/{{Nosferatu}}'' features a striped hyena in Transylvania. But in truth, it was probably meant to be a werewolf.
* Lovingly parodied in ''Film/TheMonsterSquad'', where the same animals appear in the Transylvania prologue.
* ''Film/MeanGirls'': During Cady's party, Aaron sees a picture of Cady back in Africa riding an elephant. An ''Asian'' elephant.
* ''Franchise/IndianaJones''
** ''Film/RaidersOfTheLostArk''
*** The monkey looks like another Capuchin. At least the monkey was a pet, and not necessarily native.
*** The big, hairy spiders that climb all over Jones and his guide are Mexican red-kneed tarantulas, native to deserts and scrublands, not rainforests.
*** The boa constrictor that falls on Marian, even though constrictors aren't found in the arid regions of Egypt.
*** In the scene with the tomb full of snakes, one reptile that's visible is not only not Egyptian, but ''not a snake''. It's a European glass lizard.
*** Indy is treated to the threat display of a beautiful... Indian Cobra. [[note]]Also known as Monocled Cobra, and one eyeglass away from the Egyptian Cobra or asp, whose markings resemble a pince-nez.[[/note]]
** ''Film/IndianaJonesAndTheTempleOfDoom''
*** Indy misidentifies the large bats as vampire bats, which aren't found in India. Granted, he might've been yanking his companions' chains about those. In reality, if you see a bat you can in any way describe as large it's probably a "megabat", which are also known as "fruit bats", because that's what they eat.
*** Also, the crocodiles that devour several Mooks, as well as [[spoiler: Mola Ram]] in the climax, are American alligators, not any of the four Indian species, the saltwater crocodiles, mugger crocodiles, gharial or false gharial. Although this could be because alligators are much easier to obtain for filming than Indian crocodiles.
*** NONE of the bugs in the "bug tunnel" scene are actually from India.
** ''Film/IndianaJonesAndTheKingdomOfTheCrystalSkull''
*** The siafu ("big damn ants!") are native to Africa, not Peru, and aren't nearly as big in RealLife. This could be a case of misidentified wildlife on Indy's part instead, as the Amazon notoriously does have similar army ants; army ants, however, are nomadic and do not build anthills like the ones in the film.
*** The snake that hilariously has to save Indiana from a quicksand pit in one scene, is not actually a rat snake as Mutt names it, because, as Indiana points out, no rat snakes grow that big, but a Papuan python, living only on Papua New Guinea. Not in South America.
* In ''Film/TheLeechWoman'', our main characters are trekking through Africa. Although the StockFootage is correct about what animals are in Africa (except for a typical alligator/crocodile confusion hodge-podge of shots at one point), scenes on sets have a New World monkey climbing a tree away from the characters, and an Indian elephant with African elephant-style ears glued onto its head.
* ''Film/NightAtTheMuseum'' has a blatantly New World Capuchin Monkey in The Hall of African Mammals. (And worse, they go to no effort to hide this -- the little guy is labeled in the movie as a Capuchin.) Another one of its denizens is only half right. The ostrich isn't a mammal, but it is at least native to Africa. The ostrich may actually be FridgeBrilliance, since many museum displays show not only the animal but its prey, and the ostrich is prey to several African mammals.
* Not even live-action Disney is immune to this. In ''Film/MaryPoppins'' the robin that lands on Mary's hand during the "Spoonful of Sugar" song is an ''American'' robin, in England, well outside its normal range[[note]]American robins do turn up in England sometimes – a few every winter – but only on the south-west coast where they are blown by Atlantic storms during migration. Not in London, where Film/MaryPoppins is set, though. The European robin finds itself in North America much less commonly[[/note]]. Ironic, given that the American version was named after the [[http://www.garden-birds.co.uk/birds/robin.htm British robin redbreast]] in the first place. Bonus points for showing [[HoYay two MALE Robins]] building a nest outside the window.
* ''Film/GeorgeOfTheJungle'' is supposed to take place in the heart of Africa but Shep is an Asian elephant (much easier to train), George's friend "Little Monkey" is a South American capuchin, and orangutans (from Indonesia) are occasionally spotted hanging around.
* ''Film/OneHundredAndOneDalmatians'' has skunks and raccoons in England. While there are feral populations of both in England, they were not reported until several years after the film's release.
* In ''Film/{{Outbreak}},'' we see a ''herd'' of South American black-capped capuchins running away from a burning rainforest in Africa.
* In the opening sequence of ''Film/TwoThousandOneASpaceOdyssey'' the hominids, in a semi-desert African setting, are accompanied by tapirs, when there's no evidence that they ever existed in Africa. In the novel, they were boars, so it was probably just a case of being unable to get a large animal of that sort passive enough to use in filming, especially since one shot involves a hominid angrily shoving a tapir aside. Boars ''are'' nasty, and would probably attack the actors if they shoved it like that. WordOfGod is that one reason they used tapirs is because they were more exotic-looking and "prehistoric" appearance.
* ''Film/TransformersRevengeOfTheFallen'' features tigers in what looks to be Africa.
* The Pygmy Nuthatch in ''Film/CharliesAngels'' is a South American Troupial, a relation to the oriole -- a much bigger and different coloured bird. Pygmy Nuthatches are not found in one small spot like Cameron Diaz declares either. And the call heard in the movie matches neither bird!
* Used for comedic effect at the beginning of ''Film/{{UHF}}''.
* ''Film/TropicThunder'' features a vicious man-eating panda in the jungle along the Vietnam/Laos border. In RealLife, giant pandas are found only in China, and nowhere near the border with Indochina. To say nothing of the fact that real life pandas generally don't hunt large prey.
* ''Film/{{Troy}}'' contains a moment where a llama is seen in the city of Troy, despite the fact that llamas are new-world animals and would never have been found in ancient Greece/Troy. Perhaps they intended it to be a related camel, which would have been plausible (if unlikely) for the time period and place, since presumably one could have wound up there via Arab traders. The same crowd scene has a cage filled with budgerigars (commonly called parakeets in the US). These are small Australian parrots that weren't discovered until the 19th Century.
* Rare case of Old World monkeys in the New World: In ''Film/TheRundown'' the characters are twice sexually pestered by baboons in South America.
* In ''Film/ThreeHundred'' the Persian war rhino is an African two-horned rhino instead of one of the one-horned Asian species (granted, there is a two-horned rhino in Asia, the Sumatran rhino, but it is a hairy, very small creature with two very short, almost flat horns). Also, rhinos never were domesticated nor used in warfare.
* ''Film/BringingUpBaby'' has a leopard from South America. Leopards are old world cats, found in Africa and Asia. South America is the domain of jaguars. One wonders why they called the cat a leopard, as Baby was even ''played'' by a jaguar. Someone forgot to do their homework in zoology, it seems.
* The spiders in ''Film/{{Arachnophobia}}'' are ''Delena cancerides'' from New Zealand, [[http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0099052/trivia a species known for being slow and harmless]]. This is somewhat evident to the arachnology fan watching the film, as they are so slow and inert that they sometimes have to be urged to move by sticks that are visible in-shot. The "big bad" spider toward the end is a bird-eating tarantula, more dangerous owing to being large and aggressive (if not particularly venomous). The film is set in the USA, though the spiders supposedly come from South America.
* The "venomous snakes" in the temple in ''Film/TheMummyReturns'' are mainly coral snake mimics. Coral snakes and their mimics live in the Americas, not in Egypt. If you're using prop or CG snakes ''anyway'' (and they were, at least when snakes were being kicked or thrown around) there is really no excuse for them to be Misplaced Wildlife. Probably intentional, given writer/director Stephen Sommers' love for 1930s films in all their absurdity. In the same movie, there's Meela's "Egyptian asp." It's a Mexican black kingsnake.
* ''Film/AVPAlienVsPredator'' is set in MysteriousAntarctica and has a CatScare involving a penguin. Problem is, the bird shown is an ''African'' penguin, only found in, well, Africa.
* Oddly enough, the first ''Franchise/{{Tarzan}}'' movie had Asian elephants disguised as African by [[SpecialEffectFailure attaching cardboard tusks and ears to them]]. They got rid of the disguise in the sequels. This was probably done because African elephants are notoriously difficult to train.
* Justified in ''Film/{{Jumanji}}''. The jungle that the Jumanji world is composed of is not a real-world environment, but a fantastical, magical creation of the game, hence all sorts of misplaced wildlife spring from it. For instance, Pelicans, lions, black rhinos, zebras, and African bush elephants all don't live in the jungle.
* ''[[Film/AlvinandtheChipmunks Alvin and the Chipmunks: Chipwrecked]]'' features a meerkat (referred by Alvin as a [[CriticalResearchFailure "honey badger"]]) living on a tropical island.
* In Adam Sandler's 2008 comedy, ''Film/YouDontMessWithTheZohan'', Zohan and his arch-nemesis Phantom are seen on the Palestine beach competing about which one is the tougher, letting themselves get bitten by a piranha to prove their point. It's presence is a two-fold mistake, because a) piranhas are found in South America, and b) they are fresh water fish. (This is for pure humour, but the writers could have picked a crab or anything more appropriate for the setting.
* {{Handwave}}d in ''Film/{{Komodo}}''. The film takes place on an island off the coast of South Carolina, while Komodo dragons live in Indonesia. A bunch of Komodo eggs were left on the island by someone back in the 70s, causing the Komodos to show up there. It still doesn't explain how they could survive that long in a radically different climate.[[note]]The dragon's native islands have a tropical wet-and-dry climate, with essentially all of the rain falling between November and April. South Carolina's climate is subtropical and much wetter, and winters can get chilly, though not often freezing.[[/note]]
* The 1943 ''Film/{{The Phantom|1943}}'' film serial is set in such a stock Hollywood jungle that they never bother to specify which continent it's on. It doesn't matter: the variety of jungle animals the Phantom encounters is such that wherever it is there's at least one animal that doesn't belong.
* The vultures seen briefly in ''Film/TheLoneRanger'' are African Griffin Vultures, not Turkey Vultures as would be more appropriate for the setting. This is an especially odd case, considering how iconic, and readily obtainable real Turkey Vultures are.
* Discussed in ''Film/LakePlacid''; the characters openly debate what the hell a giant saltwater crocodile is doing in a Maine lake. The crocodile expert thinks that, miraculously, it swam two different oceans. Mrs. Bickerman states that it just showed up one day and hasn't left since.
* In the original ''Film/{{Clash of the Titans|1981}}'', the snake that shows up is a boa constrictor -- which lives in the Americas, and thus would not have appeared in Ancient Greece.
* In the remake ''Film/{{Clash of the Titans|2010}}'', Zeus' totem is a bald eagle, which is native to North America and would certainly not have shown up in ancient Greece.
* The Hawaii scene in ''Film/{{Godzilla 2014}}'' has [[StockSoundEffects loon calls]].
* At the end of ''Film/AlexanderAndTheTerribleHorribleNoGoodVeryBadDay'', the Cooper family discovers an array of UsefulNotes/AustralianWildlife in their backyard, including kangaroos, wallabies, an emu, a cockatoo… and an American alligator.
* ''Film/LooneyTunesBackInAction'' had both the classic kookaburra calls and an Asian elephant in the African jungle.
* ''Film/KingKong2005'' has large theropod dinosaurs that supposedly descended directly from TyrannosaurusRex. The problem? T. rex was a native of North America and would have never been anywhere near the pacific island this film takes place on. The same applies to every other single dinosaur, and most of the wildlife in general, on the island.
* ''Film/TheJungleBook2016'':
** India covers a wide range of climates, ecosystems, and biogeographic regions. Consequently, you can throw in a whole bunch of animals that are all found in India, yet don't actually meet each other in the wild. ''The Jungle Book'' is set in Seeonee (more typically spelt Seoni) in the state of Madhya Pradesh, central India. A number of Indian wildlife depicted in the movie aren't native to this area itself, such as Indian rhinoceros and pygmy hog (both more typical of the grasslands of the northern and northeastern states), as well as a great deal of the various primate species that make up the Bandar-log.
** Among the Bandar-log, the gibbons are presumed to be western hoolock gibbons, the only gibbon species native to India (the eastern hoolock gibbon might also be present in eastern Arunachal Pradesh). However, it is only found in the northeastern part of India, and does not share a range with the lion-tailed macaque, which is native to the ''southwestern'' part of India. Same goes for most of the other monkeys - the other macaque species represented appears to be a pig-tailed macaque, likely the northern pig-tailed macaque. There are also golden langurs and Nilgiri langurs. However, the northern pig-tailed macaque and golden langur are also found only in the northeastern states of India, and wouldn't have hung out with the lion-tailed macaques. The Nilgiri langur, like the lion-tailed macaque, is endemic to southwestern India. ''None of these species are found in the Seoni area''. Only the gray langurs fit biogeographically - they're probably meant to be southern plains gray langur, which is the species native to central India. It's really odd that they chose a number of more exotic-looking monkey species that while Indian, don't occur in this area at all, while omitting the rhesus macaque, which ''is'' found in central India.
** The wolves themselves look quite out of place - they have the fur coats of wolves from more temperate climates. Indian wolves [[http://nickgarbutt.photoshelter.com/gallery-image/India-Mammals/G0000BlMrU48ZgOQ/I0000B6in36egOFY/C0000Mb2fkw2Qi.o are much leaner and look quite different]] from the European and North American wolves moviegoers are more familiar with.
** The flying squirrel species shown is a red and white giant flying squirrel, which is found in China, not India. There are various flying squirrel species in India, but they aren't as distinctively marked as this species.
** The jerboas, which show up at several points in the movie, must be quite lost; not only are they not found in India, they aren't even jungle inhabitants! They're found only in desert environments, and while some species are found in the arid parts of western Pakistan, that's the closest they ever get to Seoni.
** The frog seen hopping on the ground after the rains return does not look like any known species of frog from India. Instead, it appears to be an European tree frog.
** Among the sounds made by the Bandar-log include the calls of siamang, a gibbon species found in the Malay Peninsula and Sumatra, not in India, as well as ''chimpanzees'' (a species restricted to Africa).
** A [[StockSoundEffect red-tailed hawk]] (a predominantly North American species) is heard calling while Baloo and Bagheera are climbing the cliff in pursuit of the Bandar-log.
** The film is listed under aversions for turning King Louie, originally an orangutan, into a ''Gigantopithecus'', for the explicit reason that orangutans don't live in India... which is just this trope [[VoodooShark on a temporal level instead of a geographical one]]. ''Gigantopithecus'' lived in India, but has been extinct for 100,000 years or more. Our human protagonist would be far more likely to encounter an orangutan. That being said, a 12-foot-tall King Louie makes for an awesomely-staged scene, so RuleOfCool applies. It would have made more sense if Louie was still an orangutan, but was in India because he was an escapee from captivity.
** Even more egregiously, Baloo is, by all appearances, a grizzly bear. In India. Sloth bears, the literary character's species, simply don't have the good looks or badassery to lead a gritty reboot (although Bagheera and WordOfGod still identify Baloo as a sloth bear, regardless of how [[http://palaeofail-explained.tumblr.com/post/142517907556/so-to-answer-your-wondering-at-the-new-jungle un-sloth bear-like he is]] in the movie). The Himalayan subspecies of brown bear is found in India, but only in the northwestern Kashmir region, still a long, long way from Madhya Pradesh.
** During the credits, silhouettes of monkeys with prehensile tails and hummingbirds (both of which are restricted to the Americas) are shown.
%%* One of the gags in ''Film/GirlShy'' has Creator/HaroldLloyd sitting on a giant tortoise. Giant tortoises are seawater creatures found in the south Pacific, not southern California.
%%Please clarify. Giant ''tortoises'' are terrestrial animals and only live in tropical islands, sea ''turtles'' including the largest chelonian of all, the leatherback sea turtle, are seawater creatures and do occur in California.
* ''Film/BloodDiamond'': While traveling the Sierra Leonan countryside on foot, the main characters see a cheetah, which is not native to Sierra Leone.
* ''Film/{{Splash}}.'' Madison is supposed to be swimming around Cape Cod, Massachusetts. The problem is that she swims past coral reefs, and there are no coral reefs near Cape Cod since the water is too cold. Those scenes were actually filmed in UsefulNotes/TheBahamas.

* Averted in ''Literature/{{Masques}}'': The shapeshifter Aralorn works as spy, and as misplaced wildlife would be highly suspicious in a world where people know that shapeshifters exist, she knows a lot of mouse subspecies, and where they live, so that she can use just the right one.
* Creator/EdgarRiceBurroughs had Literature/{{Tarzan}} fight a tiger at least once. Also lions, which live in Africa but on the savanna, not the jungle. To Burroughs' credit, he realized the mistake and removed the tiger when the serialized ''Tarzan of the Apes'' was collected as a novel. The only other tiger to appear in the novels occurs in ''Tarzan and the Foreign Legion'' which is set on Sumatra, which does have tigers.
* Quite a few animals in ''Literature/{{Twilight}}'' don't exactly run rampant in the Pacific Northwest. At least, not enough of them to feed a clan of vampires. Or blame mysterious deaths on.
* An ''Literature/AlexRider'' book has monkeys in ''Australia''. Umm...
* ''Creator/JulesVerne'', of all people, could sometimes fall into this, even though he usually tried to explain it. Especially in ''The Mysterious Island'', where the island in question was the last remnant of a sunken continent which connected Australia, Asia and the Americas, which is why kangaroos and agoutis live on the same island.
* The posthumous Creator/AlexandreDumas novel ''Le Chevalier de Sainte-Hermine'' features alligators, vampire bats (only mentioned by the main character) and the Kraken (mentioned by the narrator) as creatures that can be encountered in the jungles and lakes of, wait for it... ''India''.
* In ''Literature/TheSwissFamilyRobinson'', the characters are shipwrecked on a tropical island which is home to Eurasian buffalo and onagers, African lions, South American ocelots and boa constrictors, Australian kangaroos, and Antarctic penguins. The movie makes quite a spectacular attempt to justify this: the characters theorize that the island is all that's left of [[HollywoodAtlas a land bridge between continents]], and somehow representatives of every single place it reached got stuck there when the rest of the bridge eroded away. In this case it's because ScienceMarchesOn: before the theory of plate tectonics gave a plausible mechanism for continental drift, the idea that continents could ''move'' was considered fringe science, and land bridges were often invoked to explain similar fossils found oceans apart. The Disney film was a little better about it, but still had an Asian elephant calf (no parents ever seen), a Bengal tiger, African hyenas and zebras and cheetahs, South American spider monkeys, and the older brothers wrestle an anaconda (also a South American native).
* Creator/StephenKing's ''Literature/{{Desperation}}'' takes place in the Nevada desert during the summer and includes a few scenes with hordes of fiddleback spiders. Said spiders do not live this far to the west (we do have grass spiders with stripes vaguely reminiscent of the fiddleback, but the resemblance ends there), and they prefer a temperate climate.
* The Creator/DrSeuss book ''Literature/HortonHearsAWho'' has an elephant and a kangaroo living in the same jungle. Highly unlikely in any case, but then again, this is Dr. Seuss we're talking about, so real world rules of any sort need not apply.
* Creator/AlanDeanFoster's ''Spellsinger'' series takes place in a fantasy world where all mammals, birds, amphibians and turtles are sentient. Few of the animal species he encounters should be living on the same continent, let alone in the same village. At one point, after having met Australian animals, Jon Tom goes to a place where Australian animals exclusively live. Even there, the habitats ''within'' Australia are inextricably mixed together.
* In one of Paul Doherty's mystery novels set in AncientEgypt, Queen Hapshetsut appears in court wearing an outfit trimmed with ''jaguar'' fur. Presumably the author meant to say "leopard", as jaguars are exclusively a New World big cat.
* ''Literature/PaddingtonBear'' came from "Darkest Peru". Spectacled (also known as Andean) bears are native to Peru and other regions of South America, but unfortunately Paddington Bear looks absolutely nothing like a Spectacled bear.
* ''[[http://www.gutenberg.org/etext/33629 The Autobiography of a Monkey]]'' has monkeys with clearly prehensile tails and tigers, both in Africa.
* "Literature/LeiningenVersusTheAnts" demonstrates the power of a massive army ant swarm by having them devour a non-Amazon native elk.
* ''Literature/PrideAndPrejudiceAndZombies'' features a sequence where the Bennett sisters come across a tide of animals fleeing the "unmentionables". Said tide includes the North American animals chipmunks, raccoons and skunks, which were nowhere to be found in Regency England.
* As if the author had heard about complaints and decided to give people something to ''really'' gripe about, the spiritual sequel ''Literature/SenseAndSensibilityAndSeaMonsters'' features well-to-do English families having rattlesnake and armadillo for dinner, while a servant's grave is despoiled by a scavenging ''hyena''.
* The ''Literature/SherlockHolmes'' short story "The Speckled Band" not only featured a nonexistent snake called the "swamp adder" as the titular speckled band, it also mentioned cheetahs and baboons living in India. In real life, cheetahs aren't entirely implausible as the last solid evidence for cheetah in India was in 1947 and they are officially regarded as extirpated in India in the 1950s. They would have been rare in the 1890s but not yet extirpated. The baboon reference may also have been ''Macacus rhesus'' (the Rhesus Macaque) which has very occasionally been called the "Indian baboon" in English (even though it's not a baboon at all).
* While ''Literature/{{Fragment}}'' averts this trope in its fictional portion, the epistolary prelude describes several RealLife examples of invasive species which have managed to invoke it with great success.
* The short story ''The Scarlet Ibis'' featured a strange red bird (the titular scarlet ibis) appearing in Florida, deathly ill or injured (shortly after a storm). [[spoiler: It dies, right before the narrator accidentally kills his younger brother, who buried it.]]
* Clayton Emery's ''Beasts of Sherwood Forest'' has chipmunks and other North American species in 12th century England.
* In Jeanne Faivre d'Arcier's ''Le Dernier Vampire'' (The Last Vampire), one character mentions a remedy her grandmother, a healer from Reunion island, made out of snake venom. There are no poisonous snakes in Reunion island.
* ''Literature/WarriorCats'' was first set in an English forest, with appropriate flora and fauna. However, as the series went on, it began introducing more and more New World animals, culminating in the cats encountering a cougar in the mountains. The authors have since stated that the series takes place on a fictional island on which both British and American wildlife are present.
* The exact setting of ''Literature/TheIslandOfDoctorMoreau'' is unclear, but, at the very least, sloths & hyenas shouldn't be living together. Justified by Moreau having imported animals from all over the world to transform into beast-men, some of which then degenerated into animals once again.
* In a rare realistic example, Mau of Creator/TerryPratchett's ''Literature/{{Nation}}'' notices a number of bird species which are new to his island in the aftermath of the tsunami. It's implied that these birds' native islands were completely inundated by the giant wave, forcing them to seek out any land they could reach.
* The Northern Army in the ''Literature/{{Atlan}}'' series rides carnivorous flightless birds as mounts, which is fine if one plays along with the deliberate anachronism...except that the author specifies that the birds are the North American and European ''Diatryma'' (now ''Gastornis''). The series takes place in prehistoric ''South'' America, which was home to the similar phorusrhacids.
* One installment in a series of children's nonfiction books based on ''Literature/TheCatInTheHat'' had ostriches in Australia.
* Commented upon in [[Creator/EdgarAllanPoe Edgar Allan Poe's]] ''Literature/TheNarrativeOfArthurGordonPymOfNantucket''. Pym and company are ''very'' surprised to discover that MysteriousAntarctica has a thriving population of Galapagos tortoises, and [[HowIsThatEvenPossible list several reasons why this shouldn't be possible]]. Ducks are also mentioned.
** There's also a previously unknown species of bear that's apparently a close evolutionary relative of the polar bears living at the ''North'' Pole... somehow.

[[folder:Live-Action TV]]
* ''Series/{{Lost}}'' has [[ItWasHisSled polar]] [[AllThereIsToKnowAboutTheCryingGame bears]] on a tropical island, alongside horses, chickens, and cows. This is immediately {{lampshade|Hanging}}d by the cast as being very wrong ("Polar bears don't live this far south!" "This one apparently does."), and is just one more mystery about the Island. Eventually explained as being brought to the Island by [[spoiler:The DHARMA Initiative, [[AllThereInTheManual who were doing research on gene manipulation for adaption to different climates]]]].
* Radar O'Reilly in the TV series ''Series/{{MASH}}'' keeps, among his animals, a pet skunk. Cute and cuddly, and possibly still armed... but not exactly a native of Korea, though they never actually say ''where'' he got the skunk.
* In ''Series/{{The Twilight Zone|1959}}'' episode "The Jungle", various aspects of the African jungle come to haunt some guy with a curse on him. At several points during the episode, we hear a kookaburra laughing in the background. Kookaburras live in Australia, not Africa.
* One of the "Fishin' Musician" sketches on ''Series/{{SCTV}}'' had Wendy O. Williams and her band on as the musical guest, where they and Gil go out camping in Melonville Forest, where they come across a gorilla in an abandoned mine shaft.
* On ''Series/{{Salem}}'', a show that takes place during the Salem Witch trials in 1692, the character of Petrus the Blind Seer has a stuffed Pogona lizard (a bearded dragon) as one of his [[http://vignette4.wikia.nocookie.net/the-salem/images/0/0a/Petrus%27_lizard.gif/revision/latest?cb=20150825144551 familiars]]. The Pogona is from the deserts of Australia, a place that wouldn't be discovered by Europeans for at least another 80 years.
* Back in the year 2000, CBS caught a lot of crap from birdwatchers who recognized the birdsong on the network's golf broadcasts as belonging to birds not native to the location of the tournament. Yep, they admitted that they were piping in "ambient birdsong" to their telecasts. Oops.
* ''Series/{{CSI}}''
** The ''Series/CSIMiami'' episode "A grizzly murder" features a brown bear, presumably a grizzly, in Dade County, which is about as far as you can get from the Grizzly Bear's current, historical and post glacial range in the USA. There are some Black Bears in Southern Florida, but most are west of Dade.
** The complete opposite happens in the original ''CSI'' episode "Unbearable". Like in the above case, the episode opens with a hunter that has been killed by a bear (a Kodiak in this case). The fact the species is foreign is precisely what brings the CSI in since that makes the person who released the bear accountable for manslaughter, and the clues eventually lead to a zoo that has been selling animals for illegal hunts. ''CSI Miami'''s take? The bear is treated the whole time as if it was native to the region, it's never clear why was the CSI brought in ([[AlwaysMurder though they find evidence of foul play immediately]]) and the clues eventually lead to yet another murder of an attractive woman in an expensive hotel suite. Comparing these two episodes is probably the best way to illustrate what makes both series so different.
** Another [[JustifiedTrope justified]] example in the original series happens in "Evaluation Day", where an odd-proportioned skinned and mutilated body found in the desert turns out to be the remains of a poached gorilla. However, because of the lack of leads, [[TheUnreveal we never learn]] [[FridgeLogic why the poachers smuggled the whole gorilla]] into Nevada instead of just the parts that were valuable to them. After "Unbearable", we can speculate that it came from the same corrupt zoo as the bear, but this is not stated.
* One episode of ''Literature/GossipGirl'' has [[spoiler:Serena and Trip]] crashing their car because there are wolves on the road. In New York. (They might have been coyotes or Eastern Red Wolves rather than true wolves.)
* On ''Series/LittleHouseOnThePrairie'', one can hear the "chi-ca-go" call of the California Quail. ''Little House'' is set in Minnesota, and the Quail is only found west of the Rockies. It really can't be helped, since it ''was'' filmed in California.
* ''Series/PowerRangersJungleFury'' (emphasis on '''Jungle'''), which sees the usage of a tiger, jaguar, cheetah, lion, chameleon, elephant, bat, shark, gorilla, penguin, antelope, wolf, and rhino. ''Power Rangers'' has done this for a long time, even when Saban ran the series: the original ''Series/MightyMorphinPowerRangers'' had 7 Dinozords, [[StockDinosaurs only three of which were actually legitimate dinosaurs]]. At least ''Jungle Fury'' was originally planned to be named ''Beast Fist'', so it made somewhat of a bit of sense. ''Series/PowerRangersWildForce'' and ''Gaoranger'' might better be considered an AnachronismStew, since it's clear that the animals they chose were all over the place, jungle, desert, woodland, etc., and had no real one location, like a Jungle, Forest, etc. The only time Wildlife gets misplaced were with the animal-based weapons of the Jungle Sword (Lion, Tiger, Eagle, Shark, Bison) and Jungle Blaster (Falcon, Deer, Giraffe, Rhino, Armadillo.)
* A segment of David Attenborough's ''Life of Birds'' featuring a bird endemic to the South-West of Australia -- accompanied by the calls of birds only native on the eastern seaboard of the country.
* In a Disney adaptation of ''Swiss Family Robinson'' (a [[RecycledTheSeries series spun off from their film adaptation]]), the family meets a falconer and his... bird. A bird that is played by ''3 different species'' over the course of the episode. By the time she is shown flying (via stock footage of a falcon) and then landing on the man's wrist (suddenly, she's a Golden Eagle), you wonder how the producers thought we wouldn't notice.
* A park ranger on ''Series/{{Bones}}'' once tried to kick the show's crime scene investigators out of her park, on the grounds that their activities might disrupt a migratory flight path for a rare species of booby. All 6 species of booby are native to tropical islands and coastlines, mainly in the Pacific, so would have no reason to migrate over a crime scene that's within driving distance of Washington D.C. Except to let Booth make the inevitable "boobies" wisecrack.
** So boobies aren't found in the same habitats as tits?
* On Creator/TheHistoryChannel's ''Battles BC'', [=CGI=] elephants are shown fighting for India against the invading army of Alexander the Great. ''African'' elephants, not Asian: the ears are distinctively larger in the former.
* The telemovie ''Series/HartToHart Down Under'' had a tiger in the Australian Outback.
* The old pirate serial ''The Buccaneers'' repeatedly uses kookaburra sound effects. It's set mostly in the Bahamas.
* ''Series/ANTFarm'' had walruses in California.
* The Norwegian Blue is an example of a ''seriously'' misplaced tropical parrot which would indeed be a rarity in the fjords. It's possible the [[MontyPython pet shop owner]] was embellishing things somewhat...
* Series/{{House}} once uses maggots to treat a patient's burns. This is a real medical procedure used to remove necrotic tissue while leaving healthy intact (although it's now known that they will eat healthy tissue if left alone too long). The doctor wouldn't really just dump the maggots all over the wound -- and it doesn't work too well with the mealworms that were actually used on the show.
* In ''Series/SleepyHollow'', Ichabod Crane receives visions of a Harris Hawk which is native to the southwest... far from the Hudson Valley.
* The 2001 miniseries of ''Series/{{The Lost World|2001}}'' invokes this as a minor RunningGag, with Edward, the protagonist, repeatedly correcting people on this ("But there ''are'' no elephants in Brazil!"), and then being told not to be so pedantic. Another scene has Prof. Summerlee lampshading the MisplacedVegetation: "They shouldn't even be growing in the same hemisphere!"
* Near the end of season 31 of ''Series/DoctorWho'' we see, among other things, that museums display penguins in the Egyptian desert. This demonstrates quite succinctly how reality is falling apart at the seams; at this point, there's little left of the universe but Earth, humanity, and some poorly-remembered stories about [[RetGone things that never existed]]. [[ShroudedInMyth And the Last Centurion]].
* ''Series/TheBorgias'':
** Caterina Sforza is shown handling a Harris hawk. Although wildlife is far from [[ArtisticLicenseHistory the only thing misplaced]] in this show.
** In the two-parter series premiere, set in 1493, Cesare brings a young pet Capuchin monkey to dinner. This species is native to the continental Americas, which had not been visited by Columbus yet.
** Bizarrely [[ZigZaggedTrope Zig-Zagged]] when Juan returns from Spain with gifts from the New World, which include a jaguar for Lucrezia. This is indeed an American animal, but his audience is shocked to see it as if they had never witnessed something like it before, despite jaguars being nearly identical-looking to leopards, which were very familiar to upper class Europeans and commonly kept in menageries at the time. Then the awed Lucrezia asks if "beasts like this" live in Spain, and Juan cryptically answers "Not anymore." We never learn if he means American jaguars (which if anything would be more common in Spain then than ever before), wild big cats in general (which went extinct in Spain at the Pleistocene-Holocene transition, but he would not have a way to know about it, obviously) or captive big cats (which were actually common in Spanish menageries during the 15th century).
* The ''Series/SesameStreet'' segment [[https://youtube.com/watch?v=BZSfTwfl0-4 "African Animal Alphabet"]] featured tigers and yaks (both of which are strictly Asian).
* ''Series/{{The 100}}'', set in [[AfterTheEnd what was once the United States]], has an episode where characters are attacked by a [[NuclearNasty (possibly mutated)]] KillerGorilla. Since the gorilla's home seems to be the ruined remains of a zoo, it's probably meant to be descended from zoo gorillas who survived the nuclear war.
* ''Series/HumanTarget'': In "Salvage & Reclamation", set somewhere in the Andes, the GirlOfTheWeek threatens the team to cut their throats and leave their bodies "to the wolves". The only wolf in South America is the [[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Maned_wolf maned wolf]], which lives in the plains south of the Amazon, not in the Andes.

* Bluebirds are not native to England, so there's very little chance of them flying over the White Cliffs of Dover -- something the cliffs' current guardians admit freely: "Obviously bluebirds sounded more romantic than sea gulls!" The songwriter was American and unaware of this at the time.
* ''On the Savannah, the freaking SAVANNAH, the lion sleeps tonight.'' (Lions do not live in the jungle.) Lions don't do much sleeping tonight or any other night, either. They're chiefly nocturnal, so do most of their sleeping during the day.
* The B-52s' "Rock Lobster" references exclusively-freshwater species interacting with saltwater ones in the ocean.
* In the children's song "Kookaburra", the kookaburra laughs and counts monkeys. The species of kookaburra known for its laugh-like cry is native only to Australia, which has no native monkeys.
* The video for the Music/KatyPerry song "Roar" features several animals that don't even live on the same continent. This may be intentional, since the video appears to be trying to invoke a Jungle Queen-style tone and look.
* Contrary to the lyrics of "Pineapple Princess" by Annette Funicello, crocodiles are not native to Hawaii. Neither are alligators, for that matter.

[[folder:Puppet Shows]]
* In ''Film/MuppetTreasureIsland'', the second half takes place on an unidentified North American island. Miss Piggy is brought to the ceremony by an Asian elephant (and not a Muppet one either). What makes it worse is that the story takes place in the 17th Century, long before any zoos were built in North America, let alone the Caribbean islands. Given that it's Franchise/TheMuppets, this might very well have been an intentional LampshadeHanging.

[[folder:Tabletop Games]]
* Many role-playing games' encounter tables for aquatic creatures don't bother to distinguish between freshwater and saltwater species, probably because [[AtlantisIsBoring there aren't many choices to work with]].

* Much of the action of Shakespeare's ''Theatre/AsYouLikeIt'' takes place in the Forest of Arden. There is some debate about whether that refers to the Arden near Stratford, in England, or the Ardennes of the Franco-Belgian border region. However, what is certain is that, in both places, there is little chance of being attacked by a lion. This gets even sillier in some productions, like the Creator/KennethBranagh film adaptation set in ''[[UsefulNotes/MeijiRestoration Meiji-era Japan!]]''

[[folder:Video Games]]
* ''VideoGame/MetalGearSolid3SnakeEater'', which is set in a densely wooded Russian jungle (huh?), is positively loaded with species that simply aren't supposed to be there, reaching right into the cryptozoological on occasion. This meta reason is that it was an attempt by Hideo Kojima to keep players from guessing the location of Snake Eater from the demos. In the game one of your MissionControl later {{Hand Wave}}s this by claiming the Soviets brought them in as "test subjects."
* ''Franchise/SonicTheHedgehog''. Marine the Raccoon uses [[LandDownUnder Australian slang]], while the actual echidna has an American accent. Also, said echidna is a descendant of the Maya civilization, a Mesoamerican tribe, and has dreadlocks. There's a fancomic somewhere with Knuckles freaking out over trying to figure out his nationality.
* ''VideoGame/SphinxAndTheCursedMummy'' features numerous species of ''armadillo'' running around the deserts of Ancient Egypt. The fact that they're ''magical'' armadillos [[AWizardDidIt doesn't excuse the fact that]] ''they're still armadillos.''
* Not counting the various sentient animal residents of ''VideoGame/AnimalCrossing'', all of the fish and bugs in the game have just been pulled from various continents. You can catch a koi, then find a black bass downstream from it, and then catch a ''barracuda'' right afterwards. Or you can find a Japanese rhino beetle, and a South American Birdwing Butterfly afterward. This is lampshaded at one point in one of the sequels, and in the first game: "I caught a piranha! Which river is this, anyway? I'm glad I didn't take a dip!"
** One of the lampshades is hung in ''New Leaf'', in the last part of the description for the sea butterfly. "The only place you'll find both cold-water and tropical sea butterflies swimming together is in this game."
** And then there's the fossils you can dig up. Most of the animals are the very least North American, but you can also uncover ''Archaeopteryx'' (European), ''Velociraptor'' (Asian), and ''Spinosaurus'' (African).
* ''Franchise/CrashBandicoot''. Being on fictional Australian islands, one could be forgiven for having mainland and island species together in one place. One could also be forgiven for having Tasmanian Tigers and Dingoes (the former is classed as extinct although people claim that they've seen it since, and the latter is not technically a native species but could have been brought over from the mainland), but why on Earth is there an island inhabited by POLAR BEARS? That just misses the wrong hemisphere, never mind continent. A more subtle mistake is the Komodo Dragon (a species native to islands in Indonesia). The anthropomorphic characters can be somewhat justified by the fact that they're all N.Cortex's experiments (and thus, may have been imported). The Polar Bear... Not so much.
* The ''Franchise/TombRaider'' series sometimes places species in locations where they either never existed or are now extinct (for example, lions in Egypt and China, where they are long gone, brown bears in Peru, gorillas in Greece, and piranhas in India and the South Pacific). To say nothing of the dinosaurs.
* The Rook Islands' location in ''VideoGame/FarCry3'' are left vague (it's said to be somewhere in borders of the Indian and Pacific oceans), but the animals on the islands are obviously not supposed to live together (i.e. tigers live in Asia, cassowaries live in Australia and New Guinea). {{Justified|Trope}} by the pirates, who use the islands as staging areas for their trade in exotic animals. The animals aren't all native to the islands; they were brought there and escaped.
* Kyrat from ''VideoGame/FarCry4'' is a lesser offender, with its location a bit more explicit (based on Nepal and set somewhere in the Himalayas) and almost all of its wildlife is indeed native to that area. There are a few mistakes, however: the "demon fish", for instance, is based on goliath tigerfish that are native to Africa (and thus would have fit right in to ''VideoGame/FarCry2'' if that game had any predatory wildlife). Mayalan tapirs, likewise, exist closer to Southeast Asia - interestingly, there was exactly one of them in ''Far Cry 3'' as a rare animal. Then there's the mugger crocodiles, which actually are native around that area, but are almost exclusive to lower altitudes than you'll usually find them in the game.
* It tends to be discreet, but if you notice the raccoons showing up (often!) in ''Battle for Middle Earth II'', it will ruin the idea that Middle-Earth is supposed to be the Old World...
* The ''VideoGame/JediKnight'' series did this. Sand People appear on all sorts of planets, for...''[[EpilepticTrees some]]'' reason. Speaking of ''Franchise/StarWars'', ''Literature/ShadowsOfTheEmpire'' has you on Hoth, fighting wampas, and then on to the mountainous arid world of Gall... fighting wampas. Wampas which [[PaletteSwap were there long enough to evolve to have brown fur]].
* The SNES game ''VideoGame/LesterTheUnlikely'' has a giant spider boss where hitting it results in a red-tailed hawk sound. Perhaps they couldn't find any other sound on the cartridge that was more appropriate. Seagulls make the same red-tailed hawk sound.
* ''VideoGame/FinalFantasyXII''. Japanese players of this game likely didn't notice, but American blue jays are not the best choice for generic sea bird calls in the ambient noise soundtrack for the Phon Coast.
* ''VideoGame/SuperMarioGalaxy'' and ''VideoGame/SuperMarioGalaxy2'' apparently featured what appeared to be [[EverythingsBetterWithPenguins emperor penguins]] (native only to um, guess) living on various planets that otherwise have a tropical setting. And the inhabitants of the ice planets? ''Bunnies''. They could have been ''king'' penguins however, since they look exactly like emperor penguins, but live in the tropics. Seems to be an in universe example as well, as those penguins appear to be based on the ones from ''VideoGame/SuperMario64'', which were exclusive to the ice world.
* ''VideoGame/WillRock'' features, along with other monsters, tigers, lions, and Nile Crocodiles in Greece.
* ''Videogame/JablessAdventure'' features Pokey, a talking cactus in the middle of TheLostWoods. [[LampshadeHanging You ask him what he's doing there, and he's not sure.]] Later in the game, you encounter Pokey again, in a volcano. He explains that he dug his way there.
* ''VideoGame/SuperSmashBros Brawl'' has a rare {{mon}} example. The Franchise/{{Pokemon}} [[OurDragonsAreDifferent Rayquaza]] raises out of a lake like it's some sort of sea monster. It's supposed to live in the earth's ozone layer.
* Not seen but heard in ''VideoGame/TheLostVikings II'': one of BGM tracks in the Amazon Jungle contains sounds of various wildlife... among them '''elephants'''.
* Justified in ''VisualNovel/HatofulBoyfriend'', which takes place at a prestigious high school for sapient birds, and so attracts students and faculty from all over the world. The heroine still lampshades the unlikeliness of encountering a mourning dove in Japan. Justified specifically for said mourning dove in the Bad Boys Love route: [[spoiler: He was a war orphan, which is what left him in Japan, and he was attending St. Pigeonation's so Dr. Shuu could experiment on the virus he was a carrier for]].
* Played with in ''VideoGame/DwarfFortress''. Different kinds of wildlife will only exist in certain biomes, but the biomes are defined by weather and terrain patterns, not by continents. It's not unusual to find parrots, jaguars, and pandas in the same jungle.
* ''VideoGame/{{Bug}}'' has chameleons in [[ShiftingSandLand Reptilia]], the western desert-themed stage. Not desert chameleons, but the green ones that should be seen in the jungle.
* ''VideoGame/{{Okami}}'' has a variety of wildlife roaming the overworld which can be fed to gain "Praise" for Amaterasu. For the most part, the fauna is quite accurately Japanese (despite the raccoon dogs/tanuki erroneously being translated as "raccoons" in the English release) - however, later on, tigers (native only to mainland Asia, having never once been present naturally on Japan) join the selection of wildlife. Perhaps justified in that tigers featured frequently in historical Japanese art and folktales, which often borrowed a lot from Chinese culture and art.
* In VideoGame/{{Stranded}}, one of many threats player will face in the island is lions.
* ''VideoGame/{{Minecraft}}''
** Pigs, sheep, cows and chicken can be found in almost any biome.
** Squid can sometimes be found in small lakes.
** Bats and spiders can be found in any dark area.
** As of 1.7, the player can pull creatures such as pufferfish and clownfish out of small ponds.
* In ''VideoGame/DeadIsland'', one of Roger Howard's recordings is about a near-lethal encounter with a [[RaisingTheSteaks zombified orangutan]]. However, ''Dead Island'' takes place in Banoi, a fictous island in Papua New Guinea -- orangutans live only in Borneo and Sumatra, thousands of miles away. Making this even more bizarre, the orangutan lets out a stereotypical "mad gorilla" style roar, and the idea that one could contract the disease is rather suspect, given that an orangutan is hardly likely to consume human flesh.
* The PC game ''Zoo Vet'' and its sequel ''Zoo Vet: Endangered Species'' suffered from this (Oribi antelope in a temperate forest? Komodo dragons & Chilean flamingos in a rainforest? ''Bald eagles & tokay geckos in a desert?'').
* ''VideoGame/JawsUnleashed'' is filled with this, from emperor penguins to saltwater crocodiles living in the same region. Granted, the island (Amity Island) is supposed to be fictional, but the fauna there shouldn't normally coexist.
* ''VideoGame/FinalFantasyVI'' has monsters and wild animals appear in the appropriate places (wolves in the northern mountains, giant insects in the grasslands, etc), but the Veldt is a continent where all the world's monsters come to migrate for some reason that is never explained, even if certain monsters shouldn't be able to survive in the plains. From a gameplay perspective, the Veldt serves as a training ground for Gau to learn new Rage skills by having random battles with anything you encountered previously, even certain bosses like the Holy Dragon.
* ''Jedi Knight'' (the sequel to ''Star Wars: DarkForces'') has a fantasy-based version of this - albeit one that's AllThereInTheManual. The monsters you (Kyle Katarn) have to avoid being killed and eaten by are found on two different planets/moons: Sulon (a habitable moon of Sullust) and Ruusan, which are located in the (regions of the galaxy) Trailing Sectors and The Slice, respectively. Of course, it's possible that Jerec and his minions transported them from one location to another; but given that mailocs (gigantic wasps) and drugons (huge, man-eating fish) are both extremely dangerous and/or unwieldy, relocating them must not have been easy. Furthermore, the game also has Kumumgah (more famously known as Tusken Raiders or Sand People) turning up on Sulon, when any casual ''StarWars'' fan could tell you that they are native to Tatooine. Of course, they ''are'' a (somewhat) intelligent species, but they're also nomadic herdsmen and warriors who wouldn't be likely to immigrate to another planet.
* ''VideoGame/PokemonSunAndMoon'' give us the Yungoos line and the Alolan Rattata line, which are clearly based on mongoose and rats in Hawaii. Yungoos and Gumshoos are alien species to Alola that were introduced to the region in a misguided attempt to control the population of Rattata and Raticate, another line of ComMons accidentally brought to Alola. This instead resulted in the Rattata and Raticate becoming nocturnal and adapting to night time to avoid the diurnal Yungoos and Gumshoos, resulting in ''two'' invasive species.
* ''VideoGame/EmpireEarth'': One of the tutorials has you guide Phoenicean settlers to build a thriving Mediterranean colony, including fending off ''tiger'' attacks. Made even weirder by the fact that wolves are available in the editor.
* ''VideoGame/AgeOfEmpires'' features, among others, a whale in the Nile and crocodiles in Italy.
* ''Franchise/AssassinsCreed'' is usually pretty good about including wildlife appropriate to the region when they include them, and it's usually justified otherwise: mountain lions in ''Assassin's Creed III'', set in New England, are presumably the now-extinct eastern cougar and what ''appear'' to be [[PolarBearsAndPenguins penguins in the Canadian Maritimes]] in ''Rogue'' are actually great auks, also extinct today. ''Black Flag'', however, slipped up in a few places: while crocodiles actually ''are'' justified in several parts of the game via the Morelet's and Cuban crocodile, there's no excuse for them in Charlestown, South Carolina, where alligators would make more sense (the only part of the United States where crocodiles live is in southernmost Florida); Principe, off of Africa, is the biggest offender, being home to jaguars, deer, and Central American monkeys, probably as stand-ins for leopards, antelope, and African monkeys. Even then, it could be justified because of the series' FramingDevice where everything is all a computer simulation rather than the real-world with the Animus filling in animals that Edward was more familiar with for the similar African species.

[[folder:Web Animation]]
* ♪ Where can [[strike:you]] see tigers? [[http://www.weebls-stuff.com/toons/kenya/ Only in Kenya...]] ♪ The point of the video was to showcase that you really ''could'' only see Lions in Kenya, and an updated version of the video features the line "[[LampshadeHanging Good luck actually finding tigers in Kenya]]."
* ''[[http://www.newgrounds.com/portal/view/551691 Drunk Science]]'' explains the origin of polar bears, along with the reason there aren't any penguins in the Arctic.
* Sniffles from ''WebAnimation/HappyTreeFriends'' is a South American anteater cast with a bunch of North American woodland critters.

[[folder:Web Comics]]
* Sid from ''Webcomic/SandraAndWoo'' is a Eurasian red squirrel living in a North American forest. His mother, while pregnant with him, fell into a tourist's suitcase in France.
* ''Webcomic/PokeyThePenguin'' is set in the Arctic Circle. As it also contains a hippopotamus-like Skeptopotamus, [[AcceptableTargets Italian invasion forces]] and {{Satan}} himself, it is possible that [[RuleOfFunny geographical realism wasn't the artist's highest priority]].
* ''Webcomic/TheOrderOfTheStick'' made fun of random encounter tables in role-playing games placing animals in the wrong type of habitat.
-->'''Belkar''': I once fought 1d3 dire camels in a swamp. No joke.

[[folder:Web Original]]
* A rabbit appears on the version 3 island of ''Roleplay/SurvivalOfTheFittest''. The version three island is a jungle. ''Webcomic/PokeyThePenguin'' is set in the Arctic Circle. As it also contains a hippopotamus-like Skeptopotamus, [[AcceptableTargets Italian invasion forces]] and {{Satan}} himself, it is possible that [[RuleOfFunny geographical realism wasn't the artist's highest priority]].
* Some effort was made to make sure the adder in the Webcomic/MSFHigh Forum Roleplay worked with the setting, but whether: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vipera_berus, or http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vipera_ammodytes#Venom is found near Salisbury...*Shrugs* (Was originally meant to be the former, but thanks to being described as 'incredibly deadly', had to be switched to the latter).
* {{Lampshade|Hanging}}d with fictional wildlife in ''Roleplay/STOForumVersusThreadRP'':
--> '''grandnaguszek1:''' You begin your journey by going through a large swamp. When you have walked for a mile or so deeper into the swamp, you find that it is crawling with large [[SandWorm Aehallh worms]]. What do you do?\\
'''starswordc:''' First I try to figure out what the hell an aehallh worm is doing outside of its native habitat, that being a ''desert''. :D

[[folder:Western Animation]]
* An old WesternAnimation/MickeyMouse short, ''Mickey Down Under'', features an ostrich deep in [[MisplacedVegetation the banana jungles of Australia]]. Obviously it was meant to be an emu, but the animators simply drew an African ostrich.
* ''WesternAnimation/LooneyTunes''
** The famous character Pepe Le Pew is a French skunk. There are no skunks in France. Might explain why he can't find a female of his own species and is reduced to pursuing cats with paint on their backs, though in his first appearance, it turned out he wasn't actually French and [[CharacterizationMarchesOn just put the accent on in an attempt to impress the ladies when he was away from his wife and kids]]. Nowadays, some viewers speculate he's actually French-Canadian or Cajun, and it's the accent he's faking rather than the language.
** The ''WesternAnimation/WileECoyoteAndTheRoadrunner'' cartoon "Stop, Look and Hasten!" features a Burmese tiger in the American Southwest. Of course, [[RuleOfFunny what did Wile E. expect when he dug a]] [[ExactlyWhatItSaysOnTheTin Burmese Tiger Trap?]]
*** [[CanisLatinicus Surprisibus! Surprisibus!]]
*** Then there was the episode which culminated in Wile E. DiggingToChina--only to meet another roadrunner there, too.
** ''WesternAnimation/RabbitFire'' has an elephant pop up in a North American forest. [[RuleOfFunny Not to mention that he walks on his hind legs and talks.]]
* The monkey Nkima in Filmation's ''Franchise/{{Tarzan}}'' cartoons looks New World.
* The original ''WesternAnimation/GeorgeOfTheJungle'' and the remake are set in a fictional jungle that looks primarily African, but includes animals and vegetation you wouldn't see in the wilds of Africa. An especially odd use of this trope is in the newest animated series, where one of the characters seems to be a [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thylacine Thylacine]], an extinct marsupial from Australasia.
* ''WesternAnimation/PhineasAndFerb''
** The title sequence shows them discovering a dodo bird on a mountaintop. Dodos lived exclusively in the undergrowth of tropical deciduous forests, and would be ill-suited to an alpine environment.
** This show also claims that vipers and badgers are the natural predators of platypi. Platypi are exclusive to Australia, which had neither badgers nor vipers until the latter were accidentally introduced in recent times.
** One of Doofenshmirtz's [[HilariouslyAbusiveChildhood traumatic]] [[FreudianExcuse backstories]] involves him being [[RaisedByWolves raised by ocelots]], which are explicitly referred to in the movie as "South American wildcats". Yet [[{{Ruritania}} Druelselstein]] is presumably in continental Europe...
*** Since this is show which has involved both a time machine and a device which brought Danville and Drusselstein into trebuchet range, that could just be an as yet untold tale.
** "The Lizard Whisperer" has a North American chameleon (explicitly identified as such by Isabella). Chameleons are strictly Old World reptiles.
* ''WesternAnimation/TheVentureBrothers'' had an episode where the boys were in South America, and there was an orangutan. The natives also practiced [[GroinAttack circumcision]], so they probably were ''really'' in Indonesia.
* In a first-season episode of ''WesternAnimation/{{Ben 10}}'', the Tennysons cross a Mexican jungle in which a chameleon (complete with 3 horns and goggle-eyes) is visible in the treetops. True chameleons aren't native to the New World, although feral populations (of different species than the one shown!) do exist in California and Florida
* An in-story example of this can be seen in the ''WesternAnimation/StarWarsTheCloneWars'' TV series episode "Trespass". The creatures the native Talz are riding throughout the episode are Narglatch, fan-tailed cat-like creatures that are native to Naboo. Not only the wrong climate zone (Naboo is mostly tropical), but the wrong '''planet'''. What's even worse is the fact that since the Talz are not advanced enough to have space travel, so the appearance of the Narglatch could not be explained by the Talz having brought them to the planet. Furthermore, the Talz themselves are from another planet. This tends to happen a lot not only on ''The Clone Wars'', but in the Star Wars universe in general. On the series, it's somewhat justified in that they have a limited number of CG models and have to re-use creatures on several planets.
* ''WesternAnimation/AmericanDad'' is pretty bad at this: the characters live in "Langley Falls" Virginia, but one episode had Stan take his family out camping into nearby mountains where they get chased by a Grizzly Bear... an animal native to the ''Western'' United States (a Black Bear would have been more appropriate) and since ''American Dad'' tends to use LampshadeHanging for things out of place (including the alien member of the cast), the fact that they didn't point this out means it was probably an error. Another episode had Stan narrowly escape a Mountain Lion in the woods... Lions were extirpated from the Eastern U.S. by the beginning of the 20th century (aside from a small and critically endangered population in Florida). Producer Creator/SethMacFarlane is from Rhode Island, about a day-trip away from Virginia, so either he really doesn't know any better or he's been living in California too long.
* ''WesternAnimation/BeastWars'' tries to avoid this by not being very particular as to what ''species'' of animal the cast transform into (and having the decency to explain Dinobot and Megatron's dinosaur alt-modes as being scanned from fossils), but it still has some odd placements, such as the gorilla that the computer scans for Optimus Primal being in the middle of what appears to be a desert. In a more literal sense, the fact that most of the animals on the cast are ''in the same shot'', centimetres apart from one another, is unusual. The wildlife placements are made far more odd when it is revealed that [[spoiler:the series takes place in North America, where the Autobots' Ark crashed]]. Even allowing for the prehistoric setting, many of the animals scanned in the first episode, as well as the proto-humans, are very out of place. ''Anime/BeastWarsII'', the Japan-only anime sequel, has at least one Tasmanian Devil on Gaea, which is Earth in the distant future. Plus, the surface of Gaea is a ''[[SingleBiomePlanet jungle]]''. Other examples abound, such as the question of how Big Convoy of ''Anime/BeastWarsNeo'' has a mammoth alt-form when he's apparently never even been to Earth/Gaea.
* ''WesternAnimation/TheFairlyOddParents'' TV movie "Fairy Idol" shows penguins... living in the North Pole.
** "We Brits love the smell of skunk. [[RunningGag It reminds us of the hunt!]]" There are no wild skunks in the UK.
* ''WesternAnimation/ThomasTheTankEngine''
** A picture book based on the show apparently showed American Robins living on the Island of Sodor, which is supposed to be located between the real-life islands of Man and Britain.
** Another picture book based on this show was actually about Thomas and Stepney finding a ''TyrannosaurusRex'' skeleton on Sodor, despite that dinosaur being native to North America (they really should've either uncovered a ''Megalosaurus'' or a ''Baryonyx'', both of which are actually theropod dinosaurs that are native to England). Well at least the dinosaur skeleton the Narrow Gauge locomotives found in the show is actually that of a ''Dacentrurus'' (a large stegosaurid native to England).
* ''WesternAnimation/MyLittlePonyFriendshipIsMagic'', despite taking place in a deliberate FantasyKitchenSink, gets special mention for having a giant squid ''in a lake'' in "The Showstoppers".
* ''WesternAnimation/AvatarTheLastAirbender'' takes place in a world littered with platypus bears, skunk bears, armadillo bears, gopher bears, and polar bear dogs. The Gaang is baffled when they learn that the Earth King owns a pet... bear -- just an ordinary, run-of-the-mill northern grizzly bear.
* The ''WesternAnimation/DangerMouse'' episode "The Bad Luck Eye of the Little Yellow God", ostensibly set in Brazil, is jampacked with African wildlife.
* One episode of ''WesternAnimation/DuckTales'' had Scrooge [=McDuck=], the nephews, Webby, and Ms. Beakley go to Antarctica to protect a colony of penguins from a giant carnivorous walrus that was trapped in an ice cube for thousands of years, but was accidentally freed by Webby's tuning fork, causing said ice cube to shatter. In real life, walruses are native to the Arctic, not Antarctica. A leopard seal would be more appropriate however, since they are giant seals that live near Antartica which feed on penguins.
* The ''WesternAnimation/ChipNDaleRescueRangers'' episode "Kiwi's Big Adventure" features a crocodile in the [[MisplacedVegetation tropical jungles]] of New Zealand.
* The blue foxes in ''WesternAnimation/TheAnimalsOfFarthingWood'', which are not found in Europe. In the original books there's no indication that the foxes in White Deer Park look any different to Fox and Vixen -- the TV series probably introduced it as ColourCodedForYourConvenience.
* One Creator/TexAvery cartoon "Slap Happy Lion", had a once ferocious lion that terrified all the other animals in the jungle with his roars, including a zebra, flamingo, a trio crocodiles, ostrich, snakes, a gorilla, and... a kangaroo? Though one could argue a kangaroo might be ''more'' at home in a jungle than the lion is. Once again, lions do not actually live in jungles.
* The ''ComicStrip/{{Popeye}}'' cartoon "Wild Elephinks" has Popeye encountering a ''moose'' in the jungle. He's also seen fighting bears and squirrels in the climax.
* ''WesternAnimation/MikeLuAndOg'' has the Philosophical Society (a goat, a pig and a porcupine) on a deserted island. Other misplaced animals include the wombat (usually outwitting Alfred) and a chicken (chased by Margery in one episode).
* ''WesternAnimation/{{Futurama}}''
** The episode "The Deep South" had an electric eel in the ocean. The same scene also showed a coelacanth (which is found in the Indian ocean), a leafy seadragon (from the Pacific), and a clownfish (Pacific again) despite the episode being set under the Atlantic.
** The episode "Fun On a Bun" had ''Smilodon'' (sabertooth cat), ''Megatherium'' (giant ground sloth), ''Macrauchenia'' (long-necked and trunked ungulate), and ''Doedicurus'' (giant club-tailed armadillo) in a LostWorld in Europe. All four were native to South America.
** Perhaps the most extreme example is ''penguins on Pluto''[[note]]In ''Futurama'', Pluto is portrayed basically as Antarctica as a planet. Yes, we do mean planet.[[/note]] in "The Birdbot Ice-catraz". And just to be clear, they were not an extraterrestrial penguin species, they're ordinary Earth penguins. Absolutely no explanation is given to it.
* In ''WesternAnimation/TheSmurfs'' cartoon show, skunks which are North American creatures can be found in the medieval Europe period Smurf Forest. The comic books are a little bit more accurate as they feature polecats instead of skunks.
* ''WesternAnimation/ScoobyDooAndTheLegendOfTheVampire'' had bobcats in Australia.
* ''WesternAnimation/GravityFalls'' had grizzly bears and alligators in Oregon.
* ''WesternAnimation/WhatsNewScoobyDoo'' had savannah animals like lions and giraffes in a jungle.
* ''WEsternAnimation/InspectorGadget'': In "The Amazon", Gadget encounters a huge white gorilla in, well, TheAmazon. Gorillas are only found in Africa.
* ''WesternAnimation/BrandyAndMrWhiskers'' features black-and-white tapirs, which live in Asia, in the TheAmazon. Real South American tapirs are brown or gray.

[[folder:Real Life]]
* Real Life Misplaced Wildlife is a ''serious'' problem as it can potentially create an invasive species. Someone winds up bringing over an exotic pet and either releases it when it's too much trouble or it escapes on its own, eventually finding a mate of similar background and reproducing. Depending on what animal it is, the climate, lack of predators, and abundance of prey that doesn't know how to avoid/escape them means they flourish well above what they do in their native territory, becoming a nuisance at best and a threat to humans at worst. Though this isn't always bad, as moving animals to new climates without natural predators has saved some species from extinction.
* In the Californian city of Martinez, there's a local legend about a group of monkeys living in the creek. They even have a restaurant named after them!
* There's a stable population of ring necked parakeets in South Eastern England, London, and other European cities as Madrid- its not uncommon to see trees covered in the little green birds as well as with their spherical nests in such places as Ramsgate or the Casa de Campo in the latter.
* Thanks to notorious Drug Lord Pablo Escobar, there is now a small population of hippos in Colombia.
* Birds occasionally fly to places they aren't normally seen in, such as Siberian birds in Alaska or American birds in Europe, due to being blown off course by strong winds during their migration. That said, this is such a rare occurrence, it tends to make the news.
** And it doesn't just happen to birds either. A West Indian Manatee (more readily associated with Florida) spent his summer in Cape Cod in 2008.
** [[http://www.brooklynparrots.com/ The Wild Parrots of Brooklyn.]]
** Pasadena, California has a large, non-indigenous population of naturalized parrots. According to the "Parrot Project of Los Angeles", the parrots are of at least five species. Some residents have come to enjoy the birds as part of their unique city's culture, while others consider them to be loud pests. Many theories surround the mystery of how the parrots landed in Pasadena and claimed the area as their own. A widely accepted story is that they were part of the stock that were set free for their survival from the large pet emporium at Simpson's Garden Town on East Colorado Boulevard, which burned down in 1959.
** The same Monk Parakeets thrive in Florida, and also in isolated colonies in several other major American cities including Chicago. Technically these are "introduced" rather than misplaced -- They were released as pets and have become feral versus winding up in the wrong place due to some natural phenomenon. This is unfortunately pretty common, as evidenced by the ''European'' Starling being ubiquitous across North America and the also European House Sparrow now being one of the most numerous birds on the continent, despite the latter's declining numbers in countries it is native to according to its article on [[Wiki/{{Wikipedia}} That Other Wiki]]. Amazingly, both of these species have only been introduced to North America in the last 150 years or so. A story mentioning flocks of House Sparrows in New York City would have qualified for this trope as being wrong not that long ago.
** The [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Common_Pheasant Ring-necked Pheasant]], so beloved of American hunters and artists and also the state bird of South Dakota, was brought to North America in 1857. They are originally native to Russia and are also naturalized in much of Western Europe.
** The common parakeet, or budgy has been marching, proverbially, into the Netherlands driving out the native Sparrow (which as mention above is doing just fine in its non-native North American habitats).
** The Rock Pigeon[[note]]or Rock Dove as it was called before ornithologist organizations adopted a name more consistent with the bird more often informally being called a pigeon than a dove[[/note]] ended up this way due to human intervention. The species's adaptability combined with feral populations ending up on every continent except for Antarctica ended up giving what originally lived on European cliffs a very wide range, to the point where their non-native status outside their original range isn't brought up much due to how common and widespread they are, as well as the fact that these countries often have their own native species of doves and pigeons, in contrast to how the House Sparrow and European Starling stand out in North America since their families are mostly restricted to the Old World; although the Americas have species called sparrows, they're actually in the same family as Old World buntings[[note]]Details on the page for CallASmeerpARabbit[[/note]]. The fact that Rock Pigeons outside their native habitat are descended from domesticated specimens also results in varying colors among individuals.
* The story of how UsefulNotes/{{Singapore}} got its name -- once upon a time, there was a fishing village called Temasek. Then a prince called Sang Nila Utama arrived, and upon reaching the shores of the island saw [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Malayan_Tiger a creature that looked like a giant cat, with a red body, a black head and a white chest]]. He asked his assistant what the animal was and [[ArtisticLicenseBiology was told it was a lion]]. Hence the place was called the "Lion City" (i.e. ''Singapura'') from that point on.
* Actual misplaced wildlife: there is a herd of South American [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rhea_(bird) Rheas]] living in northeastern Germany, of all places. Apparently, winters here aren't that much worse than in Argentina.
** There are also a few colonies of escaped wallabies living wild in the UK.
** The grey squirrel is native to North America but now so common in the UK that most people never see the native red ones, to the point that there is currently a campaign to introduce squirrel-hunting--and squirrel-eating--to the UK, specifically targeting the Grey Squirrel, so that the Reds have a chance to thrive again.
* Monkeys were released/escaped into the Everglades after the filming of the ''Tarzan'' movies there. While the movies were set in Africa, not Florida, they now depict accurately the fauna of the Everglades. When they were being filmed, they didn't...
** Certain species of large constrictors often kept as pets have escaped or been illegally released when they got too big in such numbers that their populations in Florida may now be self-sustaining. So yes, [[OhCrap now we do have potentially man-eating snakes]].
** The same is true for several species of parrots/parakeets in various areas.
* The rise of various "Beast of X" sightings and rumours circulating in rural northern England roughly coincides with a tightening of regulations on keeping large predators as pets. This is probably not a coincidence.
* There are many sightings of "black panthers" and maned lions in North America and Australia. Some fall under [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Phantom_cat "Phantom cats"]], a cryptozoological phenomenon revolving around large wild cats being sighted outside their indigenous environments. In [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cats_in_Australia Australia]], at least, invasive wild cats are a legitimate problem. Since lions and other large carnivores can be legally kept as pets in many US states, at least some reported sightings in the US are also genuine.
* It is widely believed that the countryside surrounding Twycross Zoo in Leicestershire supports a thriving wallaby population.
** And aside of the wallabies there are Japanese sika deer all over the place, American gray squirrels driving native red squirrels into extinction and more Pere David's deer, Chinese water deer and Reeves's Muntjacks there than in their native China. British mammal fauna is completely FUBAR. Even ''rabbits'' weren't native to Britain until the Normans introduced them as game animals. Native British hares have mostly been displaced into isolated mountains and marshes by the [[ExplosiveBreeder fast-breeding]] continental coneys.
* Some introduced species have become so widespread, their presence can be felt ''all over the world''. One of the most ubiquitous, the rat, has spread so relentlessly that biologists haven't got a clue what sort of habitat their wild ancestors originally came from.
** The most widespread and familiar rat is the Norway rat (also called the Brown Rat). While, like any inhabitable place, there are rats in Norway today, it's definitely ''not'' their original, indigenous location. They were called Norway rats by an English biologist in the 18th century, when the brown rat didn't even exist in Norway.
* [[http://abcnews.go.com/Technology/gray-whale-off-israel-astonishes-scientists/story?id=10625499 You wouldn't expect to see gray whales on the coast of Israel, would you?]]
* Dromedary camels are native to the North Africa and the Arabian Peninsula, where they are now completely domesticated. The only wild population is in Australia, where they were introduced.
** For a time, there was a small population of wild or feral camels in the western United States, thanks to the short-lived efforts of the [[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_States_Camel_Corps United States Camel Corps,]] which used camels to help survey the uncharted ([[ThirstyDesert and very arid]]) American Southwest in the 1850s. The last reported sighting of a wild camel in the US was in Texas in 1941.
* Many domestic species are like this: wild horses in the United States are descendants of animals brought over from Europe by Spanish explorers or that escaped from captivity. Likewise, feral populations of cats, dogs, goats, sheep, and pigs are now common in many places that they're not native to. Pigs in particular have proved so able to colonize new territory that they've become a serious ecological problem in places like California, Hawaii, Florida, and Australia.
** However, horses evolved in North America, and only got to Eurasia relatively recently. They died out in North America about 10,000 years ago, before being reintroduced. Mustang defenders have argued that wild horses should be allowed in National Parks in the American Southwest because the archeological record shows they lived there before humans did.
* Non-native dolphins, sharks and seals sometimes turn up off the Atlantic coast of Britain.
* Pigs are native to Europe and Asia. Polynesians introduced them across the South Pacific. Spanish explorers introduced them to North America, South America, and everywhere else they went. Today, feral pigs are found from the US to Argentina, in Australia, and in a whole slew of other places they're not supposed to be. Unfortunately, due to their fast growth rate, high reproductive rate, ability to eat almost anything, and the general lack of predators capable of dealing with them, they've become a huge problem in most of the places they've been introduced to.
* On June 2011, a [[http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/newsvideo/8589213/Emperor-penguin-washes-up-on-beach-far-from-home-in-New-Zealand.html young emperor penguin ended up on the coast of New Zealand]].
* Every now and again, a walrus will be seen in or around Northern Scotland, even though that's still quite a ways away from the walrus' natural habitat, the Arctic Circle.
* The South American nutria (looks like a cross between a rat and a beaver) has invaded many parts of the USA and Europe after being introduced there by fur ranchers.
* The common starling was not native to North America until 1890, when Eugene Schieffelin and the American Acclimatization Society released 60-100 in Central Park as part of a plan to introduce every bird species mentioned in the works of William Shakespeare to America. They are now over two-hundred million strong and a major pest bird.
* Fish also get misplaced--sometimes intentionally and sometimes not--in various rivers and streams around the world. In North America, numerous species of Asian carp have infested lakes and rivers across the United States, and on occasion so have northern snakeheads. Alligator Gar, native to the Southeast United States have been found in Hong Kong, Malaysia, Indonesia, Turkmenistan and Singapore. The South American arapaima has been introduced to lakes and rivers in Thailand and Malaysia. There are varying reasons for this, from fish owned by private collectors escaping or being released into the wild, introduced to remove pest species or as part of conservation efforts.
** Still other species have sneaked into rivers because their eggs or hatchlings got mixed in with the rocks and mud used as ballast in some types of boat. This is why lampreys are now a serious pest in many major U.S. rivers and parts of the Great Lakes.
* The cane toad, native to South and Central America, was released into numerous islands in Oceania, the Caribbean, Hawaii and Australia where they were intended to reduce or eliminate cane beetles that were eating cane sugar, a valuable crop. The toads succeeded in their mission, but rather than stop at the beetles, they went on to eat anything else they could fit in their mouths. In addition to that, they have a deadly venom that frequently kills predator species. The lack of predators and an abundance of food sources have caused cane toad populations to explode and become a serious pest species that have destabilized every ecosystem they were introduced to.
* And just sometimes this works out allright. The fallow deer used to live in most of Europe until an ice age drove it all the way back to Turkey and beyond. Then the Romans came along and they apparently liked the deer so much they introduced the animals in, well, most of Europe.
* The old "Parisian Sewer Rat" carnival sideshow gig. If it's not a silly-looking rubber/plastic monster rat, it's typically a capybara, which are native to marshlands in South America.
* Catalina Island, off the coast of Southern California, has played host to a herd of bison for nearly a century. The bison were initially introduced to the island by a film crew in the 1920's and were simply left behind when filming wrapped up. Thanks to a lack of major predators the herd ballooned to a population of nearly 600 at its highest. Current numbers sit at around 150-200 while any excess bison are used to help repopulate the Great Plains in the American midwest.
* The famous problem of [[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rabbits_in_Australia rabbits in Australia]]; they were initially brought over by colonists for food and hunting, and became so pervasive they damn near destroyed the Australian ecosystem.
** Rabbits were also originally introduced to Great Britain, probably by the Normans who considered such "coneys" tasty. They weren't nearly as destructive in this case, as the British Isles already had their own native hare and rabbit species as well as predators that fed on them; native species of lagomorph did, however, suffer a great loss of home range to the imported newcomers, such that several are now confined to shrunken niches of swampland or mountain terrain.
* A number of non-native game animals were introduced in various places of USSR to diversify the hunting (or for other purposes), with varying degrees of success.
** "Raccoon dog" or tanuki west of Urals. Success, since they did live there and went extinct only several thousand years ago.
** Nutria or coypu or "South American swamp beaver". They thrive on farms, but don't store food and can't survive long winters in the wild. By now they live only in Azerbaijan.
** Ostriches on the Black Sea coast. Partial success by 1941, but the project was abandoned because of the war and never revisited.
** Skunks. Failure.
** Common North American raccoon. Success in Belarus, Azerbaijan and a small area in southern Russia.
** For the same reason -- to diversify huntable game -- raccoons were introduced in Germany in 1930s. Later several dozen escaped from a fur farm. Today they thrive all over Germany.
* 16th century chronicles from Novgorod, Russia, state that in 1581 "...ferocious beasts crocodiles came out of the river and blocked the road, bit many people, people were terrified and prayed to God all over the land..." Some historians write it off as an allegoric description of the grave events at the czar's court. Others believe the crocodiles were being delivered from Egypt via Syria for somebody's private zoo or zoos and escaped. Of course, they didn't survive the winter.
* A crocodile, nicknamed "Sifis" by the locals, lives since summer 2014 in Crete, Greece.
* The common pheasant, originally native to southwestern Asia, began being introduced to other parts of the Northern Hemisphere in Roman times. Less destructive than many of the above examples, it's blended into ecosystems of Europe and North America so seamlessly that it's now the state bird of South Dakota, despite being unheard-of on the continent before 1881. Ironically, captive-bred lines of pheasants released for hunting have mostly replaced wild pheasants in their native country of Georgia, making this a case of an introduced species supplanting ''itself''.
* There's now a concentrated effort to [[http://theaustralianrhinoproject.org/ introduce rhinoceros to Australia]] in an attempt to save them from rampant poaching.

!!Aversions and Parodies

[[folder: Advertising]]
* Aleksandr the Russian Meerkat, and the rest of the population of Meerkovia, in the Advertising/CompareTheMeerkat adverts are very much played for laughs. But eventually we did get an ad explaining that their ancestors travelled to Russia from the Kalahari Desert, which ''is'' where you get meerkats.

[[folder:Anime & Manga]]
* In an earlier episode of ''Manga/{{Naruto}}'', this actually becomes relevant. Sasuke spots a white hare in an environment where it most definitely doesn't belong and figures somebody brought it to pull a CatScare on them. [[OhCrap Then Zabuza shows up]].
* ''Manga/RanmaOneHalf''
** Done intentionally in the story "An Akane to Remember". The forested valley of Ryûgenzawa is filled with the most unlikely of creatures, including a [[EverythingsBetterWithPlatypus platypus]], porcupines, herds of frill-necked lizards, cranes, koalas and one or two ''dodo birds''. However, it's noted in the story itself that they don't belong there and were in fact imported from other countries: in the original manga, Shinnosuke's grandfather used to be the caretaker at a zoo that was built there, while the anime explains them as exotic pets that the old man collected. Akane, Ranma and Ryôga were more concerned about the fact they were all [[AttackOfThe50ftWhatever bigger than human beings]] anyway.
** At another time, Ranma, Genma, and Sôun must find a way to get past the girls bathing in a hot spring. Genma and Sôun have the bright idea of painting Genma's panda form so he more closely resembles a vicious grizzly. The problem? The only paint they have on hand is ''white''. The girls immediately see through this. ("Whoever heard of a polar bear in ''Japan''?") Cue the bucket to the face.
** Also, there's an octopus spring at Jusenkyô, which seems to be nowhere near the ocean. Even the [[EveryoneCallsHimBarkeep Guide]] has no idea how it can be possible.
* One episode of ''Anime/TenchiInTokyo'' features Washu's spy devices being tampered with by a monster and twisting the real events into bizarre occurrences in telephone-game style. One sequence ends up with "A hippo and a cow are trying to push Tenchi off a cliff." The incredulous response from Ayeka when she sees the resulting image being "Where did they find a hippo in Japan?!"

[[folder:Comic Books]]
* In ''[[Comicbook/{{Tintin}} The Black Island]]'', there is a gorilla on the island, which is in Scotland. However, the residents of the nearest village have no name for it other than "the beast", and it's being kept as a guardian by the villains (who probably imported it on the black market).
* In a comic based on ''VideoGame/{{Super Mario Land 2|SixGoldenCoins}}'', which ran in an issue of Magazine/NintendoPower, Mario finds an octopus in a lake. He asks the octopus about it, and the octopus realizes that's why he's been feeling sick. Mario offers to pour some salt into the water, but after doing so, realizes that he poured in ''sugar'', instead... (Contrast with the actual game, where the octopus is alive [[WombLevel inside a sleeping whale]].)

[[folder:Comic Strips]]
* ''ComicStrip/ShermansLagoon'' at times features a polar bear. This particular guy seems more interested in lounging around in the tropics, though -- he's a tourist.

[[folder:Films -- Animation]]
* ''WesternAnimation/{{Madagascar}}'': Surprisingly, the movie (for the most part) avoids this trope. Not only do they populate the island with its native lemurs, but they correctly include the little-known [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fossa_%28animal%29 fossa]] as their predator. Though they did slip up by having a hummingbird.
* In the Disney feature ''Disney/SaludosAmigos'', during the "Gaucho Goofy" segment, we see Goofy wielding the bolas against an Argentine ostrich. Initially the ostrich appears to be an African ostrich, but the narrator then points out that unlike the African ostrich, the Argentine ostrich doesn't have decorative tail-feathers. The tail-feathers are then pulled off the ostrich's body.
* In Disney's ''Disney/{{Tarzan}}'', a baby Tantor worries about there being piranhas in the river -- mistaking a young Tarzan for a piranha. The adult elephants have a discussion about how there are no piranhas in Africa -- they're native to South America. [[note]]They're right, too.[[/note]] Then Tarzan pops up and they all panic.
* About midway through ''WesternAnimation/{{Up}}'', Mr. Fredriksen and [[TheLoad Russell]] are in Venezuela. Russell complains that he's tired. Mr. Fredriksen tells Russell to hurry up before a tiger eats him, but Russell whines that there aren't tigers in Venezuela.

[[folder:Films -- Live-Action]]
* In ''Theatre/AnimalCrackers'', Captain Spaulding (Groucho Marx) is telling of his African adventures, which include shooting a polar bear in the jungle. When Mrs. Rittenhouse (Margaret Dumont) objects that polar bears only live in the Arctic, he explains: "This bear was anemic and he couldn't stand the cold climate. Besides, he was a rich bear and could afford to go away in the winter." No such HandWave is offered for the 6 tigers also mentioned in the speech (just a lame pun). By the time Spaulding gets around to saying that "the principal animals inhabiting the African jungle are [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Loyal_Order_of_Moose Moose]], [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Benevolent_and_Protective_Order_of_Elks Elks]], and [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Knights_of_Pythias Knights of Pythias]]," it's pretty clear that he never went anywhere near DarkestAfrica and that his speech is justified by the RuleOfFunny.
** In a borderline FunnyAneurysmMoment, he also said it was preferable to shoot elephants in Alabama, because [[{{Pun}} the Tuscaloosa]]. That same year, a sportswriter with flair for the dramatic, first referred to members of the University of Alabama, located in Tuscaloosa, as a herd of elephants, the birth of the Big Al mascot.
* ''Film/{{Elf}}'' includes a collection of stop-action wildlife at the North Pole. Even though this is a silly fantasy story, the movie twists the penguins-in-the-arctic cliché by having ''puffins'', which look a lot like penguins. (The extinct flightless Great Auk, ''Pinguinus impennis'' was the origin of the name ''penguin''. [[http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/f/f8/Keulemans-GreatAuk.jpg There is a similarity]].)
* In ''Film/ForbiddenPlanet'', Morbius keeps a surprising menagerie of Earth animals on Altair-IV, which hadn't been brought there aboard the Bellerophon with Morbius and the other colonists. The theory is advanced that these animals could have evolved on Altair-IV and subsequently have been brought to Earth by Krell AncientAstronauts -- but their Earthlike protective coloration is clearly inappropriate for this alien planet. Then one of these animals is accidentally killed, and an autopsy suggests that this Misplaced Wildlife is not "wildlife" at all...
* Cleverly averted in ''Film/HarryPotterAndThePhilosophersStone''. They couldn't get a boa constrictor, only a Burmese Python, so they changed the reference from Brazil to Burma and removed the snake's use of the word "Amigo".
* Averted in ''Film/CastAway'' through the simple expedient of having no visible (or audible) wildlife whatsoever aside from the crabs and fish the main character catches for food.
* There's a jungle in the Madonna movie ''Who's That Girl?'' with all the usual suspects; cockatoos, kangaroos, zebras, patagonian felixes, etc., but it's artificial (the biggest artificial jungle on the Lower West Side), so they were stocked into it anyway. And it's on top of an apartment building.
* Lampshaded in ''Film/MontyPythonsTheMeaningOfLife'', where doctor speculates that a soldier's leg was bitten off by a tiger. Several characters incredulously ask, "A tiger? In Africa?" only to be shushed by others in the scene. One of the soldiers suggests, "It must have escaped from a zoo".
* ''Film/MontyPythonAndTheHolyGrail'': Rabbits were probably introduced to Britain by the Normans, believe it or not, so technically the Vorpal Bunny shouldn't have been there in Arthurian Britain either. Although there seems to be an alternative, more recent theory that the Romans may have brought some over, which might let them off. (And the legendary Arthur is usually presented as though he was a 13th-century knight, rather than a 6th-century warlord). Possibly it was ''really'' a Vorpal Mountain Hare: a species that was widespread in Britain until introduced European rabbits and hares began to compete with it. The animal in the movie was white, so any markings that would distinguish its exact species were obscured by albinism.
** Then there's the debate over how coconut shells turned up in England. They could have been carried by an African swallow, but not a European swallow. But then, African swallows are non-migratory...
* In ''Film/AnAmericanWerewolfInLondon'', David and Jack start half-jokingly speculating about what's making the howling sounds in the distance. David first suggests a coyote, and Jack retorts that there aren't any coyotes in England.
* ''Film/RobinHoodMenInTights'' features the characters sending a message via "12 Century Fox" [[note]]a pun on "fax" and 20th Century Fox[[/note]] to deliver messages, but the fox they use is a gray fox, which is not native to England. The movie is an AnachronismStew that runs on RuleOfFunny, and the fox even makes the sound of the dolphin from ''Series/{{Flipper}}'' (that is, a sped-up kookaburra) when it runs off. The bird that lands on Marian's hand after her bath is a bluebird, also not native to Britain.
* The Franchise/{{Tarzan}} {{Expy}} Nanu from ''Film/TheWorldsGreatestAthlete'' lives in Africa, and owns a pet Tiger he calls Harry. Unlike most cases this is actually addressed in the film.
* The [[Film/TheJungleBook2016 2016 remake]] of Disney's ''The Jungle Book'' brings back King Louie, who was an orangutan in the original animated movie... but averts this trope by [[AdaptationSpeciesChange changing]] him to a ''[[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gigantopithecus Gigantopithecus]]'', an extinct species of ape that actually was native to India.

* A very tongue-in-cheek one from ''Literature/HarryPotter'': Hogwarts has a giant squid. Living in a lake. In northern Scotland. AWizardDidIt. Creator/JKRowling has admitted that she didn't realize snowy owls weren't native to Britain when she wrote the first book. This is reflected in later books by Hedwig being the only snowy owl in the series and it's an occasional plot point that she's too distinctive to send secret messages. There's still the problem that only ''male'' snowy owls are pure white. Justified in that Hedwig was bought from a magical pet shop, which can presumably import or cosmetically-modify its animals.
* Tobias' ModeLock in ''Literature/{{Animorphs}}'' turns him into a hawk- specifically, a red-tailed hawk- presumably so that readers would know what his distinctive "[[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jI1hruZ0Rvo TSEEEEEEERRR!]]" cry sounds like.

[[folder:Live-Action TV]]
* The UK version of ''Series/{{Being Human|UK}}'' has a number of short videos that were released to the Internet, one of which is a video record of the night George was attacked. When they hear howling in the distance, the American tourist he's walking with suggests wolves, and is contemptuously shot down -- "you don't get ''wolves'' up here."
* ''Series/MontyPythonsFlyingCircus'': Lampshaded and subverted in "Scott of the Antarctic", where an egotistical film star throws a tantrum when he is informed that the lion that he is supposed to fight doesn't live in the Antarctic. A compromise is worked out, and the movie gets a different setting and a new title: "Scott of the Sahara." Then they go and leave in the part where another character in the film fights [[EverythingsBetterWithPenguins a penguin]] (a [[NinjaPirateZombieRobot 20-foot tall electric penguin with tentacles]]).

* Parodied in the Tragically Hip song "Gus: The Polar Bear from Central Park".
* Parodied in the song "Tarzan and Jane" by the Danish band Toy-Box, which opens with a chorus of "jungle" sounds, including various birds singing, large cats growling, monkeys calling, ''sheep bleating'', and elephants trumpeting.
* Referenced in "That's Right", which has been performed by billy Lee Riley and [[Radio/TheGoonShow Ray Ellington]]:
-->''Kangaroos come from Kalamazoo, zebras ziggin' in Zuiderzee, brother I got news for you, that story don't ring so true to me.''
* Music/PDQBach has a string quartet titled "The Moose." Peter Schickele provides a humorously contrived explanation.

[[folder:Video Games]]
* ''VideoGame/EndlessOcean''
** Mostly averted in the first game by having the "ocean" in question be the fictional Manoa Lai sea. Still, one would wonder what polar bears, orcas, belugas, walruses, etc. are doing in a tropical climate...
** In the sequel, all your dolphin pals except for the tropical ones get misplaced once they follow you home to sunny Nineball Island. Particularly the ''river dolphin''. The river dolphin that you get by [[spoiler:taking along a narwhal from the ''Arctic'']].
** This ''does'' have an explanation. [[spoiler:The narwhal is a female, who supposedly was once a human, hence her tusk being red, it's her spear. Male boto are known for being shape shifters, spotted by their blowholes. You basically set up a blind date.]]
** The sequel otherwise averts this trope by having species be in their proper environments in appropriate areas around the world. On the rare occasion of genuine misplaced wildlife, the characters will wonder, "How'd that get there?" aloud, often offering up a (usually fairly plausible) theory. One sub-quest even has you rescuing some marine fish that have managed to wander into a freshwater area and made themselves very sick in the process.
*** The first time you go there you even find a ''Minke Whale'' trapped upstream.
* The 3rd ''Hugo'' AdventureGame has an ''elephant'' in the ''Amazon''. When you go "Look Elephant", the flavor text sheepishly admits that elephants don't live in South America and [[{{Handwave}} explains it by it escaping from a circus]] and more or less admits it's just there to be a puzzle. Next question: Why is there a big circus in the middle of the Amazon Jungle? In the same ''Hugo'' game, the natives are eating "roast hyena". Hyenas are native to Africa and Asia, not South America.
* In ''Literature/TheMagicSchoolBus Explores the World of Animals'', you have to identify Misplaced Wildlife and send it back where it belongs.
* The ''VideoGame/MonkeyIsland'' games take everything that would make a realistic setting and gleefully throw it out the window, as can be expected from a series that places [[AnachronismStew vending machines]] in [[WelcomeToTheCaribbeanMon 17th century Caribbean]]. It comes with plenty of {{lampshad|eHanging}}ing.
-->'''Stan:''' Some claim it was sailed back by a crew of chimps.\\
'''Guybrush:''' Chimps? There aren't any chimps in the Caribbean!\\
'''Stan:''' Oh, shut up. It makes a good story.
* In ''VideoGame/FlightOfTheAmazonQueen'' you encounter a gorilla styled ghost blocking your way; you can [[PuffOfLogic get rid of it]] by pointing out that gorillas only live in Africa, not in South America. The same happens when the "gorilla" has half on and half off a pink and purple polka-dot suit with which the ghost claims to be a vicious dinosaur.
* ''VideoGame/{{Fallout 3}}'' usually does a good job of putting animals in the right places, mirelurks (mutant crabs) near water, feral ghouls (zombies) in the underground and so on. Occasionally it messes up and spawns a giant scorpion inside a town.
** The scorpions themselves being in the former Washington D.C. area gets explained as well. They are the descendants of pre-war emperor scorpions which were quite popular in pet stores. The normally mildly venomous scorpions have since mutated into highly venomous, bullet-resistant giants. ''VideoGame/FalloutNewVegas'' also manages to throw in mutated versions of the native bark scorpion, as well as what are presumably non-native emperor mutants.
* ''VideoGame/FlyLikeABird'' has Blue-and-Gold Macaws. ''In the snow.''
* ''VideoGame/SlyCooperThievesInTime'' features El Jefe, a Cuban tiger, attempting to take over feudal Japan and frame Sly's ancestor Rioichi for poisoning the shogun. Sly and Bentley [[DiscussedTrope discuss the fact]] that a tiger belongs in a tropical jungle, not Japan, although Cuba's jungles are on the wrong side of the world for a tiger (though, given a world populated by {{Funny Animal}}s, it's not so impossible).
* ''VideoGame/WarcraftIII'': One mission has Thrall explore a mountain cavern in the thus far desert and forested continent of Kalimdor, when he comes across several sheep. He then recalls not having seen any since they'd arrived, prompting a sorceress to comment that Thrall's bright for an orc, before undoing the enchantment and ambushing him with several un-polymorphed footmen.

[[folder:Web Comics]]
* ''Webcomic/{{Memoria}}'': [[http://memoria.valice.net/?p=297 Rhinos as farm animals.]]
* ''Webcomic/TheOrderOfTheStick''
** A variant in one strip where two displacer beasts (monsters who tend towards dungeons) end up wandering the plains in search of food; one of them points out it's not even their natural habitat, so they're at a disadvantage. When they see the party approach, they realize that [[GenreSavvy they're just supposed to be another random encounter]] and hide until they've passed.
** Also mentioned [[http://www.giantitp.com/comics/oots0564.html there]], providing the page quote.
* In ''Webcomic/GunnerkriggCourt'' Andrew, when helping the animals of the Woods with their problems, meets an ''octopus'', somehow surviving on land and able to fly. His advice?
--> '''Andrew:''' I think you should really be in the ocean...
--> '''Octopus:''' So that's what I've been doing wrong!
* ''Dracula'' adaptations seem to have this problem bad; the [[FurryComic furry webcomic version]] features Jonathan Harker the coyote (originally meant to be a fox, but the guy doing the strip likes coyotes), and a Eastern European ship's crew contained a kangaroo. This is particularly silly since Quincy Morris was from Texas, so making ''him'' a coyote would've been appropriate.

[[folder:Web Original]]
* In the ''LetsPlay/TwitchPlaysPokemon'' saga, Pokemon [=FireRed=] was put through a "randomizer", allowing any Pokemon knowing any moves to appear anywhere. This has resulted in Feebas, one of the most elusive freshwater fish, to appear in ''the tall grass of Viridian Forest''.
* ''WebAnimation/{{asdfmovie}}'' has Desmond the Moon Bear.

[[folder:Western Animation]]
* Subverted in a ''WesternAnimation/JanaOfTheJungle'' episode where a captive elephant breaks loose and is rampaging through the South American rain forest. Here, the elephant is explicitly shown ''not'' to be native to the region, forcing Jana to explain to the frightened natives that it is a simply a large animal before she sets out to find it and prevent it from causing irreparable damage or being killed by the natives.
* Parodied on ''WesternAnimation/TheSimpsons'' in a season 12 deleted scene: Homer collapses during a marathon in Springfield, USA, and is dragged off by hyenas.
* Averted in ''WesternAnimation/GoDiegoGo''. [[DontExplainTheJoke It’s a show TEACHING kids about wildlife, so what do you expect?]]
* More a lampshading than a parody, but in the Rankin and Bass's Christmas special ''WesternAnimation/SantaClausIsCominToTown'', set apparently in northern Germany, Kris Kringle (not yet named Santa Claus) meets a penguin who's trying to find the South Pole. Kris immediately says that the penguin is about lost as he could get.
* A similar situation in the WesternAnimation/BugsBunny cartoon ''8-Ball Bunny'', in which Bugs reluctantly helps a little penguin get back home to the South Pole, only to learn that the penguin was born in captivity. In Hoboken!
* Happens curiously often in ''WesternAnimation/MyLittlePonyFriendshipIsMagic''. Ponyville gets an awful lot of sea creatures for a landlocked small town.
* One of the many SomethingCompletelyDifferent episodes in the television series ''Animation/{{Pucca}}'' resets Sooga as a jungle island inhabited, among other things, by elephants, lions and giraffes. Before you point out that those don't live in the jungle, or the sometimes extreme differences in wildlife between an island and the mainland, more important is that Sooga is a fictional location in ''Korea''.
* In the ''WesternAnimation/FamilyGuy'' episode, "Peter Problems", while parodying ''Disney/TheLionKing'', animals at the presentation include African wildlife life the Giraffes, the Burchell's Zebras, the Black Rhinoceros, the Spotted Hyenas, the Meerkats, the African Buffalo, the African Elephants, the Cheetahs, the Blue Wildebeests, and the East African Oryxes. The animators managed to slip up when Bengal Tigers (native to Asia) are present.
* ''WesternAnimation/AllHailKingJulien'' has Xixi the toucan, a species native to South America and not Madagascar.
* Justified in an episode of ''{{WesternAnimation/Archer}}'' where Lana and Archer are in a jungle of Colombia. They hear a roar and Archer immediately assumes it was from a tiger. Lana correctly points out that tigers don't live anywhere near Colombia but, when they get captured, they find out that the tiger is part of a group of animals captured from different parts of the world to hunt them (between the captured animals there are also a rhino, a panda and an ostrich; again, none live anywhere near Colombia).

[[folder:Real Life]]
* Time to spoil the ending of every single "brain teaser" set in Australia, ever. There are no bears or wolves or whatever other misplaced animal the story featured heavily in Australia (well, there are dingoes...). The guy telling the story is a blowhard.
* Thanks to the oil-spill disaster, word is now out that oil companies (not just BP) drilling in the Gulf of Mexico merely duplicated their recovery plans for spillages occurring in Alaska. This includes guidelines about how to assist walruses and polar bears endangered by a spill.
* Scott of the Antarctic took guns and ammunition to fight off polar bears. They observed that some penguins were covered in scars and deduced the existence of predators. Luckily for explorers, the predators in question are killer whales. And Leopard Seals. Given, Leopard Seals are man-eaters, cunning hunters, and ''bloody swift''. The armaments were a good idea anyway.
* Beavers, long extinct in the British Isles, have recently been reintroduced into Scotland using stock imported from North America. Some people are getting excited by the idea of re-introducing wolves and bears: the last native British wolf was killed by hunters in Suffolk in the 1500's.
** This inspired the placename ''Woolpit'' celebrating where the last wolf was killed. Congleton in Cheshire is also known as ''Beartown'' for similar reasons.
** A bird species, the Great Bustard, is the subject of current attempts to re-establish a thriving population in the UK. The reason for their local extinction, however, is that they tasted great...
** There are said to be populations of wild boar, another formerly native species, in the New Forest of Hampshire. These are descendents of escapees from farms rearing them as a luxury meat, from examples imported from France. Hunted to extinction for sport and food, it is thought that poachers are active in depleting the new population...
* While a common example of this trope (as shown in the page image) is of penguins far from the South Pole, there are, in fact, species of penguin that live in warmer climates in the Southern Hemisphere, such as the little blue penguin of Australia and the aptly-named African penguin. The Galapagos Penguin is equatorial, and even found wild in the Northern Hemisphere (albeit only just).