Humans are naturally curious, and even when ScienceIsWrong we want to know ''why''. In a fantasy setting, these curious people will found whole new academic fields and professions around studying the strange and fantastic flora, fauna and phenomena that exist in it. Just like some schools of [[HermeticMagic Hermetic]] and VancianMagic will create RitualMagic by [[SufficientlyAnalyzedMagic analyzing occultism with scientific rigor]], these professionals (not necessarily wizards, though that does help the survival rate) will go about cataloguing, studying and [[ForScience (hopefully humanely)]] experimenting with peculiar phyla in a very empirical way.

Possible Fantastic Scientists include a botanist who studies mandragora, a biologist cataloguing griffins, or an epi''demon''ologist who studies outbreaks of infectious DemonicPossession to find a cure. Likewise, you can expect their field of study to have a [[{{Whatevermancy}} strange made up name]], like [[Franchise/HarryPotter Herbology]] or Impology. All the same, they will go about studying these curious classes as if they were real... because in the setting, ''they are!''

As a character, a Fantastic Scientist is often TheProfessor or at least TheSmartGuy, possibly a bit of an AbsentMindedProfessor or even MadScientist. They can be amiable enough [[MrExposition deliverers of exposition]], background, in need of rescuing from their subject of study, or the cause of some shenanigans (like the above epidemonologist letting loose an improved possession plague). Their motivations can range from curiosity, a desire to discover PotentialApplications, or to gain kingship over this kingdom. Their home or office will usually have a MagicalLibrary with truly eclectic books and a BazaarOfTheBizarre composed of their subject of study.

A MagicPoweredPseudoscience is more likely to be "alchemy works because of magic" and modeled on that pseudoscience than an attempt by in-universe characters to model the magic as the regular science that this is. It should be noted that alchemy does not fall under this trope due to the fact that [[ChemistryCanDoAnything it is technically real.]]

SubTrope of FictionalFieldOfScience. If an OccultDetective decides to also catalogue whatever it is they detect, they may also be researchers of a Fantastic Science. Research into magic ''itself'' is the subtrope SufficientlyAnalyzedMagic. See also MagicVersusScience, AdmiringTheAbomination. Compare TheSparkOfGenius.


* In ''Anime/{{Endride}}'', although the world of Endora is magic to us, with things like [[SpontaneousWeaponCreation innate magical swords]] you can [[SummonToHand summon]], a [[PowerCrystal crystal]] that hangs in a sky and functions as a sun, and a magical ancient transporting device that moves you between the [[HollowWorld inside]] and the surface of Earth, to the multiple [[OmnidisciplinaryScientist Omnidisciplinary Scientists]] in the series, it's totally scientific, they just need to research more. They're working on it!
* In Anime/NeonGenesisEvangelion, we have "metaphysical biology," which seems to be the science of souls. This fits with [[SufficientlyAnalyzedMagic how souls are treated in the series.]]

%%* ''ComicBook/{{Planetary}}''
* Obscure ''WonderWoman'' enemy [[MorallyAmbiguousDoctorate Doctor]] [[MadScientist Poison]] calls herself a "Mythobiologist". She studies the biology of mythological beings and [[BodyHorror their effects]] on more mundane life.
* ''Skybound Entertainment'' 's comic ''Witch Doctor'' portrays the realm of supernatural creatures as parasites that are best battled by medical specialists rather then soldiers. The first issue of the mini-series treated a Demonic Possession as being similar to a parasitic infection, with the young victim, after being purged, having to remain inside his family home surrounded by protective runes until the main characters could find a more permanent cure for his condition.

* The ''Videogame/{{Undertale}}'' fanfic [[ Visiontale]], [[ posted on Archive of Our Own]], has several. Among them are soulology, the study of the colors of magic and how someone develops the color or colors they do, magitry, the magical equivalent of the T and E in STEM, and translationism, a school of thought which applies human concepts, like ethics or theology, to monsters.


* In ''Film/{{Ghostbusters 1984}},'' two of the three original characters, Ray and Egon, are legitimate paranormal researchers that channel their knowledge into the business of "paranormal investigations and eliminations." It's not clear what Peter contributes to the research, if anything, though he's stated to have a [=PhD=] in parapsychology, and he was the one that came up with the idea of making it into a business after the guys got kicked out of Columbia University.
** WordOfGod is that Egon and Ray are legitimate practitioners of their field (albeit Egon is far better at it) while Peter didn't believe in the supernatural until he was confronted with it.

* ''Literature/HarryPotter'':
** Some of the Classes at Hogwarts operate this way, like herbology. It's basically just botany, but with magical plants. They seem never to study any non-magical skills. This is lampshaded by Hermione in the very first book, when she and Harry are confronted with Snape's obstacle, which is simply a logic puzzle requiring no magical skills to defeat. She comments that an ordinary wizard might have had serious problems solving it, because they "don't have an ounce of logic".
** Luna Lovegood says her mother regularly engaged in magical experiments, one of which "went rather badly wrong one day" when Luna was a child, and killed her. (She mentions this in the context of explaining why she can see thestrals, implying [[FridgeHorror the incident happened in front of young Luna]].)
* Telemain of the ''Literature/EnchantedForestChronicles'' is a magician who studies the technical side of magic and has a habit of talking in incomprehensible MagiBabble, much to the chagrin of the other characters. (Though Morwen, who has hung around with Telemain a long time, learns to translate him into BuffySpeak .)
* ''Literature/LoyalEnemies'' has HermeticMagic, justifying the trope. Theoretical magic requires many hours, if not days or years, of meticulous planning and calculations, much like real-life engineering, and the wizard academy of Beloria works much like a real life university. Theoretical magic is studied like maths or biology and students must write a thesis to gain a degree -- for example, Veres' Baccalaureate paper is on the magical origins of [[OurMonstersAreDifferent darklings]].
* Theoretical magicians in ''Literature/JonathanStrangeAndMrNorrell'' study magic but don't ever practice it.
* In David Eddings's [[Literature/TheBelgariad Mallorean]] series, the Melcene University has schools devoted to alchemy, necromancy, etc.
* ''Literature/TheNameOfTheWind'' has this as the setting, in the form of The University. There are various grades of magic, starting with almost-science and ranging all the way to god-mode. To make things more exciting, they're all intermixed. It turns out that chemistry and metalsmithing are ''much'' more exciting when you can break the laws of physics.
* ''Literature/TheDresdenFiles'':
** Harry Dresden makes a study of magic, describing himself as effectively a magical nerd. When he was entrusted with a Sword of the Cross, he made a study of who would be a suitable person for being a wielder of the sword, and correctly deduced at least one candidate.
** He explicitly keeps Bob around specifically for his ability to be a magic scientist. It becomes a plot point when he discovers that Bob was created for this purpose, and was so successful that ''Mab'', Queen of Air and Darkness, wants to destroy him.
** Waldo Butters is great at this. Originally a pure {{muggle}}, when he gets into the spooky side of things he becomes a really proficient magical theorist by applying the scientific ideas he already knew.
* ''Literature/{{Discworld}}'':
** Ponder Stibbons and his fellows at the High Energy Magic Building of the Unseen University concoct theories of how magic interacts with quantum mechanics, and divide magical force into ever-smaller fundamental particles. The more senior wizards assume [[spoiler: incorrectly]] that the keen lads will grow out of it.
** Some witches, like Magrat Garlick's mentor Goodie Whemper, are "research witches" who strive for more precision in their magic. When confronted with a spell calling for EyeOfNewt, they set to find out which ''species'' of newt works better for this particular spell, and so on. It's noted that this makes them less powerful as witches (since it doesn't actually matter) but ''much'' better healers.
* ''Literature/HisDarkMaterials'' : Oxford university contains a college of experimental theology, which is where they talk about [[MacGuffin Dust]].
* ''Literature/JourneyToChaos'':
** {{Mana}} is just one more form of energy to be studied, like solar radiation or electricity. The academic study of it is called "manaology".
** The study of mana mutation is undertaken by the International Community Dedicated to Mana Mutation ([=ICDMM=]). Their mission statement is to figure out exactly how it works and then develop technology to treat and/or prevent it.
** Lady Sias studies Mt. Daici and how Ceiha's unique climate (constant [[{{mana}} Fog clouds]] in a magicless continent) affects its geology.
* There's the OlogySeries of pseudo-scientifical books about various topics, including books like [[OurDragonsAreDifferent Dragonology]], Wizardology or [[VampireTropes Vampireology]].
* In ''{{Literature/Vampirocracy}}'', Leon and Ling took college courses in [[OurCryptidsAreMoreMysterious cryptozoology]], [[OurMonstersAreWeird mythozoology and thaumobiology]], and [[MagicAIsMagicA thaumodynamics]].
* ''Literature/AMemoirByLadyTrent'' is written from a perspective of a dragon naturalist, and chronicles the early days of dragon naturalism - what we'd today call "dragonology" - as a scientific discipline.
* ''Literature/TheMachineriesOfEmpire'' has an entire area of mathematics dedicated to calendar and harnessing its RealityWarping powers.
* One of the world's top magical theoreticians in the ''Literature/LordDarcy'' Verse is utterly devoid of magical talent; he's just ''very'' good at conceptualizing the principles ''behind'' magic.

[[folder:Live Action TV]]
* Helen Magnus in ''Series/{{Sanctuary}}''.
-->'''Helen:''' I specialize mainly in cryptozoology and xenobiology. Teratology, too, when the need arises.
** Those would be the studies of unknown animals, of aliens and of monsters.

* ''Pinball/AmericasMostHaunted'' has a crew of amateur [[ParanormalInvestigation paranormal investigators]] who use custom hardware to track down ghosts.
* Similarly, ''Pinball/BoneBusters'' features a team of [[{{Expy}} suspiciously familiar]] [[Franchise/{{Ghostbusters}} supernatural-stopping heroes]] fighting a horde of [[DemBones animated skeletons]] with energy rods firing glowing electric beams.

[[folder:Tabletop Games]]
* ''TabletopGame/{{Shadowrun}}'' had parabiologists and parazoologists. They studied Awakened (magical) plants and animals, respectively. It also had academics who studied the theory of magic but couldn't actually do magic themselves.
* In ''TabletopGame/{{GURPS}}'', thaumatology is "the academic study of magical theory". Occultism has specialties like vampirology and pneumatology for more specific areas of study.
** Pneumatology is from the Greek (πνεύμα) and means "the study of spirits."
* Artificers from the ''TabletopGame/DungeonsAndDragons'' setting ''TabletopGame/{{Eberron}}'' are described this way.
* The ''TabletopGame/{{Ravenloft}}'' setting's various sourcebooks on monsters, the ''Van Richten's Guides'', are [[LiteraryAgentHypothesis presented as the work]] of scientifically-minded researchers of the supernatural.
* ''TabletopGame/{{Exalted}}'' uses the term 'savant' to denote anyone who has a scientific understanding of the fantastic forces at work in and beyond Creation, as opposed to people who are just operating on superstition and folklore. Also, anyone who works extensively with {{Magitek}} is called a sorcerer-engineer.
** And it also uses the term "motonic" for a major field of high-tier scientific study, related to the way that everything in its world is composed of motes of Essence.
* ''TabletopGame/{{EON}}'' plays it straighter than an arrow, since, in this universe, magic ''is'' science!
* In ''TabletopGame/CthulhuTech'', sorcery is something you can learn in college. You might not actually ''[[WithGreatPowerComesGreatInsanity want]]'' [[WithGreatPowerComesGreatInsanity to]] though ...
* ''TabletopGame/MutantCityBlues"'' is set in a world where people with superpowers is a rising minority and, after scientific analysis has discovered the intricacies of how MagicAIsMagicA (including facts such as PowerAtAPrice, ElementalBaggage, how NeurodiversityIsSupernatural as a potential side-effect of certain powers, and so on), the result is that forensic science has evolved and is now possible to perform such things as "gunshot residue" testing for HandBlast powers, determining if PsychicAssistedSuicide has happened via X-raying the victim's brain, and so on. The setting is best described as ''Series/{{CSI}}'' meets ''Series/{{Heroes}}''.

[[folder: Theme Parks]]
* ''Ride/TheHauntedMansion''[='s=] character Professor Wathel R. Bender is revealed in tie-in material such as the ''Ghost Post'' interactive game to be a "researcher in metaphysicks" (complete with Tesla-like lab). This is not universally accepted across the ride's UnreliableCanon but is the case in the "[[Fanfic/TheMansionverse Mansionverse]]" FanVerse.

[[folder:Video Games]]
* Pokémon professors. [[VideoGame/PokemonRedAndBlue Professor Oak]] studies Pokémon-human behavior and interactions, [[VideoGame/PokemonGoldAndSilver Elm]] does Pokémon breeding, [[VideoGame/PokemonRubyAndSapphire Birch]] studies Pokémon ecology, [[VideoGame/PokemonDiamondAndPearl Rowan]] studies Pokémon evolution, [[VideoGame/PokemonBlackAndWhite Juniper]] studies Pokémon origins (i.e. evolution in the speciation sense as opposed to Pokémon metamorphosis), [[VideoGame/PokemonXAndY Sycamore]] studies [[SuperMode Mega Evolution]], and [[VideoGame/PokemonSunAndMoon Kukui]] studies Pokémon moves.
* The ''VideoGame/TalesSeries'' is fond of this, along with SufficientlyAnalyzedMagic:
** ''VideoGame/TalesOfSymphonia'' has Raine Sage, who is a magical historian with a focus on healing arts and [[{{Magitek}} magitechnology]].
** ''VideoGame/TalesOfTheAbyss'' has [[ColonelBadass Colonel]] Jade Curtiss, who (along with his former friend Saphir) used to be a sort of magical geneticist, and goes back to it after the game. Saphir Neis and Guy Cecil both focus on [[{{Magitek}} fontech]], although Guy is really more of an enthusiastic hobbyist.
* In ''VideoGame/ArcanumOfSteamworksAndMagickObscura'', the Tolkienesque world is undergoing an industrial revolution which has given rise to a very scientifically minded academia. There are many in-universe scientific texts on such matters as [[MagicVersusScience The Nature of Magick and Technology]] or Supernatural Selection which explores, among other things, the genetic ancestry of elves and orcs and how it relates to humans.
* ''VideoGame/MonsterHunter'' has [=NPCs=] in the game researching the various fantastic monsters your hunter will find him or herself hunting. You'll even get a few quests to hunt or capture monsters for research.
* ''VideoGame/FinalFantasyXII'' has Doctor Cid, who studies magicite, a type of magic-bearing mineral, to create nethicite. Nethicite had only been created by the by the gods of the setting before then and absorbs magic. Cid's artificial nethicite has led to advances in the setting's aeronautics and weaponry, but the reason for his studies is that he wants to [[spoiler:free the world from the gods' manipulations]].
* ''Franchise/TheWitcher'' series has both this (potions, weapons, armor and even bombs made out of dead fantastic creatures) as well as SufficientlyAnalyzedMagic
* In the ''Franchise/SuperMarioBros'' games, Prof. E. Gadd is usually an OmnidisciplinaryScientist. However, in [[VideoGame/LuigisMansion his debut]] and [[VideoGame/LuigisMansionDarkMoon its sequel]], his job is studying [[OurGhostsAreDifferent ghosts of many different varieties]].

[[folder:Web Comics]]
* In ''Webcomic/GunnerkriggCourt'', the eponymous Court studies the extranormal from time to time. Kat Donlan discovered that the [[LivingShadow Shadow Men]] actually have mass, and the Suttons are botanists/gardeners who restore magically-animated trees to their original state.
** The Court uses the term "Etheric Sciences" to describe their studies of magic, which they call "ether." The do this because they believe everything can be explained, so "magic" is a misnomer to them.
* ''Webcomic/{{Adventurers}}'' gives us powerfologists. See BishonenLine for more.
* Tedd of ''Webcomic/ElGoonishShive'' seems to be heading in this [[ direction.]]
* [[TheProfessor Professor]] Hannah Teal of ''Webcomic/RankAmateur'' is a Dimensional Physics Engineer. She designed hyperdrives, alternate reality gateways, and the [[WaveMotionGun Dimension Cannon]]. Clearly none of this is possible with science as we know it.
* ''Webcomic/PastelDefenderHeliotrope'' presents us ''chatoyanics'' the study of ''chatoyance''. A form of radiation energy particular to the physics of that universe.
* ''Webcomic/FairyDust'' 's doctors have dozens of fantasy races' biology to puzzle through.
* ''Webcomic/KeychainOfCreation'', as an RPGMechanicsVerse based on the ''TabletopGame/{{Exalted}}'' setting (see above), has this. Of particular note are Misho, a Twilight caste Solar (which basically makes him TheSmartGuy, versed in occult and arcane lore as well as more mundane science and engineering, and the MagiTek that comes from the intersection of the two) and Nova (an Alchemical, who is basically half MadScientist and half SorcerousOverlord).
-->'''Misho:''' I know '''[[ magic science]]'''.

[[folder:Web Original]]
* In the ''Roleplay/GlobalGuardiansPBEMUniverse'', Dr. Karl Archeville is a MultidisciplinaryScientist with degrees in several subjects, including "Hypertechnology", "Metabiology", and "Intertransferral Physics". That is, the study of technology that's beyond cutting edge, the study of the biology of superhumans, and the study of interdimensional energy sources.
* In Literature/{{Prolecto}} this is how Silverlight gained its stuff. [[spoiler: Vivian's mom was a major scientist who lived this, and Daniel Gilden, head of Silverlight, turns out to be [[Franchise/CthulhuMythos The King in Yellow]].]]
* Website/DeviantArt user Joschua Knüppe has started the project [[ Dragons of the world]] in which he explains various species of dragons (including their abilitys to fly and "breathe fire") in a scientifically plausible way.
* In ''WebVideo/AtopTheFourthWall'' Linksano makes a reference to "technomagic". In this case, because technomagic is such a new science there are still limitations to it.

[[folder:Western Animation]]
* From ''WesternAnimation/FostersHomeForImaginaryFriends'', a couple of nerds were trying to start the scientific field of Figmentology, since imaginary friends are real on that show.
* In ''WesternAnimation/{{Wakfu}}'', the lost tech of the [[{{Precursors}} Eliatropes]] is described as "magical science". Nox, the BigBad of season 1, is also such a fantastic scientist, studying the principles behind [[LifeForce the wakfu]] and time magic to attempt TimeTravel. Even before finding the [[AmplifierArtifact Eliacube]], as a humble clockmaker he was able to built a flying pocket watch -- which just lacked a durable power source.
* Dr. Thaddeus Venture, among other characters on ''WesternAnimation/TheVentureBrothers'', is a self-classified "super scientist", despite never having finished his degree.
* Twilight Sparkle shows signs of this in ''MyLittlePonyFriendshipIsMagic'', especially when she hooks up Pinkie Pie to a monitoring device to gather 'scientific' data on how Pinkie is able to predict the future outside of real magic. Fanfic authors have naturally run with this version, ranging from MadScientist (with lab as shown in the episode) to conducting elaborate experiments (and blowing up things, of course). One even had [[Series/DoctorWho the Doctor]] nod in appreciation of what she did to an Equestrian ''computer''.