[[quoteright:350:http://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/how-electronic-music-is-made_6970.jpg]]
->''"Every time I even try to talk about EDM, I get a bunch of people telling me that what I was talking about isn't even '[[NoTrueScotsman real]]' EDM. I assume because it was [[ShapedLikeItself too artificial and had too much studio-polish.]]"''\\
--'''WebVideo/ToddInTheShadows'''

ElectronicMusic is, [[ExactlyWhatItSaysOnTheTin unsurprisingly enough]], music made with electronic instruments, such as synthesizers, samplers and drum machines.

What you use the equipment to make... well that is a very varied thing. Synthesizers and samplers and drum machines are very flexible in the range of sounds they can make, and as such, electronic music is very varied.

You can make pretty much standard pop music with it (often called ''SynthPop''), you can make epic and uplifting tunes with it ({{Trance}}), you can make the aural equivalent of MindRape with it (see {{Industrial}}) or you can mix it with many, many other styles ({{Dubstep}}, IndustrialMetal, etc...).

Arguably, pure electronic (pop) music can be traced back to ''{{Music/Kraftwerk}}'', who made SynthPop music that deliberately exploited its synthetic origins. Kraftwerk was one of the first acts, if not ''the'' first, that ''exclusively'' used electronic instruments (though not exclusively synthesizers) to generate their output. Electronic music itself dates back much further than the 1970s, though; the theremin was invented ca.1920, the "croix sonore" in 1926, the ondes Martenot in 1928, and all of these were written for by avant-garde classical composers like Nikolai Obukhov, Music/OlivierMessiaen, and Joseph Schillinger. (For an example, see Obukhov's ''The Third and Last Testament'', composed in 1946.) In addition to writing for physical instruments that were powered by electricity, as early as the 1920s some composers were making use of 'found sounds' generated by radios, sometimes making longer works largely using collage and even going as far as manipulating them directly (see Dziga Vertov's ''Enthusiasm! The Dombass Symphony''). This technique, reasonably popular among the Italian and Russian Futurists, strongly foreshadowed the later "musique concrete" movement, kicked off by radio engineer Pierre Schaeffer in the late 1940s with works like "Etude aux chemins de fer" (1948), which was created by manipulating the taped sound of a [[CaptainObvious train]].

The idea of abandoning physical instruments (and prerecorded sounds) altogether and producing compositions completely synthetically was first proposed in 1949, by Werner Meyer-Eppler in his paper ''Elektronische Klangerzeugung: Elektronische Musik und Synthetische Sprache''. From there, many possibilities of the medium began to be explored and too many developments and trends occurred to be worth describing here. Major figures to watch for in the succeeding years include Music/EdgardVarese (''Deserts'', 1954); Karlheinz Stockhausen (too many works to pick one, but see ''Elektronische Studien I'' and ''II'', 1954); Iannis Xenakis (''Concret PH'', 1958; ''Persepolis'', 1971; created a system to translate drawings of shapes into electronic sounds in the late '70s); and there have probably been ''thousands'' of other interesting composers writing in the same line. Popular music groups like Music/TheBeatles and Music/{{Kraftwerk}} were directly influenced by Stockhausen, as he continued to be a huge figure in avant-garde music throughout the 1960s and far beyond.

!! Sub-genres include:

[[index]]
* AlternativeDance
* {{Ambient}}
* Big Beat
* Classical Electronic or AvantGardeMusic (experimental electronic music from the 1940s-1960s. Includes early synthesiser works like Wendy Carlos' "Switched-On Bach" and most tape manipulation music such as that of Delia Derbyshire (best known for producing the original ''Series/DoctorWho'' theme)).
* {{Chiptune}}
* {{Crunkcore}}
* DancePunk
* DarkWave
* {{Disco}} (some songs only, mainly the ones Music/GiorgioMoroder is involved in)
* Downtempo
* {{Dubstep}}
* DrumAndBass ([=DnB=] for short, includes jungle)
* Electronic Body Music ({{EBM}})
* Electro (think "Planet Rock"- basically HipHop meets ElectronicMusic)
* {{Electroswing}}
* {{Eurobeat}}
* Freestyle
* {{Glitch}}
* {{Harsh Noise}}
** Harsh Noise Wall
* HouseMusic (no, not that Series/{{House}}--although the theme song is by Massive Attack, one of the {{Trope Codifier}}s of another genre that was partially influenced by House Music, called Trip-Hop.)
** ElectroHouse
* {{Industrial}}
** IndustrialMetal
* IDM (Intelligent Dance Music)
* ItaloDisco (not funky as traditional disco)
** Also the related Hi-NRG and Space Disco genres.
* Jumpstyle
* {{Nightcore}}
* Skweee
* SpeedyTechnoRemake
* StupidStatementDanceMix
* SynthPop
* {{Techno}}
** HardcoreTechno (in spite of the name, often considered a genre separate from Techno proper)
* {{Trance}}
* TrapMusic
* Trip-Hop
* UK Garage (differentiated from American Garage, which is a subgenre of HouseMusic)
* {{Vaporwave}}: A [[{{Sampling}} sample-based]] genre that takes smooth jazz songs from the mid-80's to early 90's or contemporary pop songs, slows them down and gives them EchoingAcoustics.
[[/index]]

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