- "Describe Trope Here, you are sentenced to be taken hence to the prison in which you were last confined and from there to a place of execution where you will be hanged by the neck until dead and thereafter your body buried within the precincts of the prison and may the Lord have mercy upon your soul."
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- In Let Him Have It (a film based on the Derek Bentley case), the judge has his black cap put on his head when he sentences Bentley to hang.
- In Dial M for Murder, Margot's trial scene ends with the horrified look on her face after the judge puts on his black cap.
- The 1962 Courtroom Drama film The Boys note ends with the one remaining defendant breaking down in tears as the black cap is solemnly brought out and placed above the judge's head as sentence is read out.
- In Death Comes to Pemberley and its television adaptation, the judge at George Wickham's trial puts it on when condemning him to the gallows.
- In Agatha Christie's And Then There Were None after a Judge has been found dead, the other characters all make mention that there will be no more putting on his black cap and sending others to the gallows for him.
- In Pamela Branch's The Wooden Overcoat, the character of Benji wonders, during a trial, why the judge has his black cap tucked up under his desk?
- In the Rumpole of the Bailey short story, "Rumpole and the Vanishing Juror", Rumpole muses that there is always one jury member that is too eager to see the black cap brought out.
- In Judge Dee books, the Chinese equivalent is the judge wearing a red robe.
- The judge at Dr. Bickleigh's trial at the end of Malice Aforethought and its first television adaptation puts on a black cap when sentencing the doctor to the gallows.
- In Bram Stoker's short story "The Judge's House" the titular judge's ghost slowly dons a black cap before hanging his house's current tenant.
- In Blackadder's courtmartial in Blackadder Goes Forth General Melchett assures Blackadder that he'll be an impartial judge, then calls for the black cap because he'll be needing it.
- The BBC's 2007 mini-series version of Oliver Twist has the Judge (played by Rob Brydon) blithely asking how many people's sent to the gallows that week (22, but it was only Tuesday) before cavalierly slapping on a black cap and giving Oliver the death sentence for pickpocketing. Later in that same adaptation, in sentencing Fagin he simply puts on his black cap and slams his gavel and Fagin is taken away.
- Spoofed in Monty Python's Flying Circus during the "Court Charades" sketch when a judge portrayed by Graham Chapman sentences another judge to be burnt at the stake as he slaps on a black cap.
- Appears in Downton Abbey when Mr. Bates receives a guilty verdict that carries a mandatory death sentence which fortunately is later overturned on appeal.