->''"The world has held great Heroes,''\\
''As history books have showed;''\\
''But never a name to go down to fame''\\
''Compared with that of Toad!"''
-->-- '''Mr. Toad'''

A beloved 1908 children's novel by British author Kenneth Grahame, set in an idealized England of the late UsefulNotes/{{Victorian|Britain}} to early [[TheEdwardianEra Edwardian Era]]. It details the adventures and misadventures of four [[AnthropomorphicShift variably]] [[FunnyAnimal anthropomorphic animals]] living around the banks of "The River".

* '''Mole''': [[UnfazedEveryman A quiet, ordinary fellow who gets caught up in huge adventures]] who arguably shares the role of spotlight character with Mr. Toad. Softspoken and a dedicated homebody, he nonetheless sometimes gets wild urges to go out into the wild and "Hang spring cleaning!" Eventually, he adapts to a busier life. He's good with children.
* '''Ratty''': The water-rat [[note]]More commonly known now as a Water Vole[[/note]]. Somewhat of an [[OddFriendship odd friend for Mole]], but [[TrueCompanions fiercely loyal to his friends]]. Says that "There is nothing -- absolutely nothing -- half so much worth doing as simply messing about in boats," and owns a CoolBoat to punt down The River. Acts as the voice of reason when Badger isn't present, and is somewhat annoyed by the fast pace of modern living.
* '''Mr. Toad''': Probably the most famous character, and to an extent the PluckyComicRelief. He's a great example of an UpperClassTwit, living in Toad Hall and [[FleetingPassionateHobbies throwing himself enthusiastically at every passing fad]]. First it's boats, then wagons, then "Motorcars! Poop-poop!" A KleptomaniacHero, he can't seem to resist hijacking every car he comes across, [[DrivesLikeCrazy driving it like crazy]] and eventually crashing it. All the while he fancies himself a GentlemanAdventurer and sings hilariously conceited songs.
* '''Mr. Badger''': Something of a British HermitGuru, he lives alone in the middle of the Wild Woods. One would expect him to be huge and terrifying, which he is. But he subverts it by actually being rather nice, sheltering guests and being fond of children. Despite his status as a GentleGiant, he can -- if necessary -- [[LetsGetDangerous be deadly]] in defense of his friends.

The story is often [[EveryoneIsJesusInPurgatory seen as an allegory]] of different things, though it seems that it's both Christianity and WorldWarOne. The former is supported by the fact that Chapter 7, "The Piper at the Gates of Dawn" ([[OlderThanTheyThink yes, that was where the name of]] Music/PinkFloyd's [[Music/ThePiperAtTheGatesOfDawn debut album]] came from) features a scene where they encounter the great god Pan, who is ''explicitly'' identified as the animals' Christ. It is often cut from modern editions, as it somewhat [[MoodWhiplash jars with the lighthearted other chapters]]. (Another chapter, about Ratty's fantasy of a life on the sea, is generally cut with it, for similar reasons.)

Parts of it were adapted into [[Disney/TheAdventuresOfIchabodAndMrToad an animated Disney film in 1949.]]
Ever wonder what the inspiration was for [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mr._Toad%27s_Wild_Ride the most terrifying ride at DisneyLand/World]]? This. There was another animated version by Creator/RankinBassProductions, that is sometimes [[AllAnimationIsDisney mistaken for a Disney movie]]. There have also been many, many [[TheFilmOfTheBook movies]] (such as the one produced by Creator/BurbankFilmsAustralia), [[TheMusical musicals]] and stage plays based on the book. The Creator/CosgroveHall version is quite well regarded. They even did "The Piper at the Gates of Dawn", but as a separate episode in the spinoff series rather than a chapter in the original film. ''WesternAnimation/TheWindInTheWillows1995'' made by TVC, is also well regarded. There are {{contested sequel}}s by other authors. By the way, the whole text of the book is available for ''free'' [[http://en.wikisource.org/wiki/The_Wind_in_the_Willows here]].

!!This novel and its various adaptations contain examples of:

* AdaptationExpansion: Pretty much every adaptation, even the most faithful ones, add a scene at the end where Toad shows signs of slipping back into his old ways by buying an aeroplane.
* AdaptationPersonalityChange: Most adaptations keep Ratty's personality pretty much the same (a concerned but really laid back and easygoing going fellow), but Disney's version turns him into a stuffy and proper Englishman (but still a fine fellow indeed).
* AmbiguousDisorder: Toad's behavior matches up perfectly with bipolar disorder, though the novel certainly doesn't call it that.
* AnachronismStew: As Toad goes into the jail we time-travel from the turn of the century into the Middle Ages, walking past "men-at-arms" and "ancient warders" with halberds and a room with racks and thumbscrews, and by the time we've stepped into the "grimmest dungeon... in the heart of the innermost keep," the Edwardian police sergeant is starting to say things like "Oddsbodikins!" and "a murrain on both of them!"
* AnthropomorphicShift: The animals seem to alter their status several times over the novel.
* ArcadianInterlude: "The Piper at the Gates of Dawn."
* ArsonMurderAndJaywalking: Toad is convicted for stealing a motor-car, dangerous driving and cheeking the police. Ironically, the Clerk is more lenient with the first two crimes. Although never revealed (though some adaptations do), Toad's cheek is clearly indicated as "imaginative" and "gross impertinence". Given his flamboyant, conceited attitude, it's not hard to believe.
* AscendedExtra: Otter is promoted from "most major of the minor characters" to a full fledged major character in the sequels. In Jacqueline Kelly's sequel Return to the Willows the "small, bedraggled weasel" who volunteered to deliver the invitations to Toad's banquet is a major character (His name is "Sammy").
* TheBabyOfTheBunch: Mole in sometimes treated as such in some adaptations, usually due to Mole being often portrayed in said adaptations as more naive and wide-eyed compared to the rest of the cast.
* BedsheetLadder: How Toad escapes after being locked in his bedroom.
* TheBigBad: Although the weasels, stoats and ferrets are usually grouped together as a whole, The Chief Weasel is usually given this status.
* BilingualBonus: The Latin title of the chapter "Dulce Domum", where Mole rediscovers his old abandoned house, means "Sweet Home", obviously meant to evoke "Home Sweet Home".
* {{Bowdlerize}}: Some "Young Reader" adaptations of the book change Toad's imitation of a car horn from "poop-poop!" to "beep-beep!"
* BreakTheHaughty: Toad's humiliating arrest and imprisonment, during which he attempts to starve himself to death, but decides to live after all thanks to a kind jailer's daughter and a bit of bubble-and-squeak. [[HumiliationConga Not to mention being chased by the police after escaping, and all the indignity he receives for his washerwoman disguise.]]
* CarnivoreConfusion: The narrative says it's against animal etiquette to actually discuss it, but the subject is touched upon by Rat, when he describes the inhabitants in the Wild Wood:
--> "Weasels — and stoats — and foxes — and so on. They're all right in a way — I'm very good friends with them —pass the time of day when we meet, and all that — but they break out sometimes, there's no denying it, and then —well, you can't really trust them, and that's the fact."
* CharacterDevelopment: Over the novel, Mole comes out of his shell, and Toad settles down to become serious and respectable by the end. Badger also becomes a little bit less reclusive, shown in the epilogue. Grahame pointed out in a later interview that [[AesopAmnesia Toad would eventually turn back to his old ways.]] Mole is the only character whose development would stick.
* CharacterizationMarchesOn: For the sequels by William Horwood, the main characters have slightly changed personalities. Toad's been hit with some CharacterExaggeration and become even more egotistical and ridiculous (though with frequent bursts of extravagant generosity), while Ratty's become a spiritualist of some sort who talks to the river. Only Mole remains more or less the same.
* ChekhovsGun: Toad's tongue in the Terry Jones version. At first it's just an amusing FurryReminder (he uses it to eat a dragonfly), later he uses it to help him escape over a high prison wall.
* {{Cloudcuckoolander}}: Mr. Toad, at times. "A motorcar! Poop-poop! Poop-poop!" (Or, in some editions, "Beep-beep!")
* CommunityThreateningConstruction: In the Live-Action film directed by Terry Jones, the weasels tear up the field where Mole lives in order to build a dog-food factory, and their grand plan is to dynamite the ancestral stately home Toad Hall and replace it with an abattoir. [[spoiler:Their plan is foiled by Rat switching the dynamite with a shipment of bones destined for the factory, resulting in the weasels accidently blowing up the factory.]]
** The Cosgrove Hall tv series had a season long arc about a railway being built through the forest most of the animals called home.
* CoolBoat: It's just a punt, but Ratty's boat is described as beautifully painted and gaily decorated, and there's always a picnic basket on board. Unfortunately, it gets sunk near the end of the novel thanks to the stoats.
* CrystalDragonJesus: Pan, who ''is'' in fact the Savior, but for animals instead of humans. Interestingly enough, the chapter "Dulce Domum" has young field mice singing a Christmas carol that invokes and pays homage to Mary, Joseph and the Christ child. [[note]]Animal religious practices of this world must be quite fascinating.[[/note]]
* ADogNamedDog: All the principal characters are either this or SpeciesSurname. (Since they only appear to have one name apiece, it's hard to tell which.)
* DrivesLikeCrazy: Mr. Toad's second defining characteristic; he wrecks five cars a week, on average, and has to be locked into his room to try and dissuade him.
* FelonyMisdemeanor: Mr. Toad's prison sentence. Stealing the motor car is twelve months, while his reckless driving warrants ''three years'' and cheeking the police warrants ''fifteen years'' which adds up all together to nineteen years, which the judge then makes an even twenty.
* {{Fiction500}}: Averted with Mr. Toad, he may be rich but as Rat points out "he's not a millionaire". [[note]] Keep in mind a £1000 during the Edwardian era would be roughly worth over £57,000 in today's money. And the average price of a motor car back then was £340 which is £20,000 in today's money. And if Toad did have at least a £1,000,0000 that would £57,000,000 in today's money. [[/note]]
* FleetingPassionateHobbies: A defining aspect of Mr Toad, to the point that Ratty discussing it with Otter forms part of Toad's EstablishingCharacterMoment in Chapter 1:
--> '''Ratty:''' Once, it was nothing but sailing. Then he tired of that and took to punting. Nothing would please him but to punt all day and every day, and a nice mess he made of it. Last year it was house-boating, and we all had to go and stay with him in his house-boat, and pretend we liked it. He was going to spend the rest of his life in a house-boat. It's all the same, whatever he takes up; he gets tired of it, and starts on something fresh.
* FoodPorn: The stew Toad dines on, which contains no less than seven animals, is lovingly described. Toad's expression of rapture in the accompanying illustration doesn't help.
** Also the contents of Ratty's picnic basket.
-->"What’s inside it?" asked the Mole, wriggling with curiosity.
-->"There’s cold chicken inside it," replied the Rat briefly; [[MotorMouth coldtonguecoldhamcoldbeefpickledgherkinssaladfrenchrollscresssandwidgespottedmeatgingerbeerlemonadesodawater]]––"
* FourTemperamentEnsemble: Mole is Phlegmatic, Badger is Choleric, Toad is Sanguine and Rat is Melancholic. That said, Badger is a pretty Melancholic character as well.
* FunnyAnimal: The whole cast, except for the humans that Toad interacts with.
* FurryConfusion:
** Not particularly strong, but in a lot of the artwork, the main cast are much, much bigger than the stoats and weasels. Also, while the main cast wears clothing, Otter wears none.
** Also: Toad has a horse called Alfred. While he is an actual quadrupedal horse who pulls the caravan, he does seem to be sentient. Strangely, this is one of the few animal characters not [[SpeciesSurname named after his species]].
* HeterosexualLifePartners: Mole and Water Rat.
* GettingCrapPastTheRadar: According to the annotated edition, "Up tails all" was slang for coitus.
* IdleRich: Toad. He's a deconstruction of this trope as he has way too much time to devote to whatever hobby takes his interest.
* ImpoverishedPatrician: Toad tends to be a borderline example in some adaptations, since the book mentions he's rich but not a millionaire. The Terry Jones version has him financing his motor car habit by getting loans from the Weasels. The 2006 BBC Adaptation had Toad ''selling his chairs'' to pay for a car. The Cosgrove Hall TV Show often had Toad fall for some con the Weasels cooked up so he would have to give them Toad Hall as payment. In ''The Willows in Winter'' he actually does lose his fortune [[spoiler: and Toad Hall in a fire, until he finds out that his American cousin left him a fortune.]]
* LargeHam: Mr. Toad is usually played as this in any adaptation.
* {{Leitmotif}}: In the TV series, each character, e.g. Mole, Toad, has a certain musical theme.
* LionsAndTigersAndHumansOhMy: Zig-zagged. Most of the animals live in burrows (albeit in very human-like comfort) and have little or no interaction with humans. Mr. Toad, on the other hand, lives in an actual house, drives cars, is put on trial in a human court, held in a human prison, and escapes by disguising himself as a human washerwoman. During his escape no one suspects that he's Mr. Toad until he actually announces it when he rides off with a barge woman's horse. And he also interacts on a more-or-less equal basis with all the other animals.
* LoveableRogue: Toad is considered an epitome of this. Although conceited, reckless and even [[KleptomaniacHero kleptomaniacal]] at one point, he genuinely cares for his friends and shows great humility and distress upon learning of the hardships they suffer on his account.
* LookOnMyWorksYeMightyAndDespair: There appears to be an ancient ruined human city abandoned and buried beneath the Wild Wood. Badger cynically comments how its builders thought that they were building for eternity.
* MacguffinMelee: The climax of Disney/TheAdventuresOfIchabodAndMrToad, in which the characters fight over possession of the deed to Toad Hall.
* MasterOfIllusion: The Weasels in the Terry Jones version, at least in their villain song.
-->'''Weasels''': Are we real? Perhaps we ''aren't!''
* MrExposition: St John (one of the weasels) in the Terry Jones version.
* MundaneFantastic: While Toad is the only animal to have extensive interaction with humans, no one seems surprised at the sight of a bipedal talking toad who wears clothes.
* NotHelpingYourCase: Mr. Toad is fairly unconvincing when he stands trial for auto-theft, destruction of property ''and'' [[ArsonMurderAndJaywalking cheeking the police]].
* {{Pride}}: Mr. Toad's defining characteristic.
-->''[[UsefulNotes/QueenVictoria The Queen]] and her ladies-in-waiting''\\
''Sat at the window and sewed.''\\
''She cried, "Look! Who's that'' handsome ''man?''\\
''They answered, "Mr. Toad."''\\
''The clever men at Oxford''\\
''Know all that there is to be knowed,''\\
''But they none of them know one half as much''\\
''As intelligent Mr. Toad!''
* PrideBeforeAFall: Toad's pride is eventually his undoing; see above under BreakTheHaughty.
* PaperThinDisguise: Toad's washerwoman outfit.
* ScavengersAreScum: The Wild Wooders are treated this way: although they are also a product of the author's class-based mistrust of the English working classes, lazy, idle, prone to theft rather than hard labour, ill-educated and vicious to their social betters. (And, unlike the more selective middle-class house-owning middle class voles, moles and badgers, breed uncontrollably). The is a pretty reactionary text, written at a time when the English bourgeousie was frightened of unrest, labour agitation and socialism among the lower orders, of the proletariat rising up against the hard-working middle classes. (It is no accident the heroes are all members of the stout English yeomanry).
* ScienceIsBad: Not science, exactly, but the rush of new fads for the rich, such as automobiles and aeroplanes.
* SelfDisposingVillain: In the Terry Jones version, the Weasels begin double-crossing each other just as the heroes arrive and enter the fray. The villains do such a good job beating each other up, the heroes decide to spend the fight singing instead.
** The Chief Weasel also blows himself up, but only because Rat switched the labels on their explosives earlier in the film.
* SnapBack: Averted, in that Ratty mentions that if Toad keeps buying all these new cars, he's eventually going to use up his whole fortune.
* StormingTheCastle: "When the Toad came home..."
* TakingTheVeil: Mole recounts how the young mice had put on a play about a sailor lost at sea and how when he returned, his beloved had done this.
* TookALevelInBadass: The Terry Jones version is cheesy for the most part, until the weasels start [[VillainSong singing.]]
* UpperClassTwit: Toad is quite rich and also rather fat-headed.
* VillainSong: The Weasels get an awesome one in the Terry Jones [[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=N_TbgMUx9OA version]].
* WhatMeasureIsANonCute: The weasels, and the related ferrets and stoats, are all nasty little buggers, sneaking into Toad Hall to take it over while Toad is out. They're eventually let go with a warning, though, as they promise to be good after being thrashed by Badger.
* WholesomeCrossdresser: In a humorous incident, Toad escapes prison disguised as a washerwoman with clothes from the jailer's daughter, and manages to wind up disguised on a train outrunning the police.
* WolverinePublicity: Several adaptations aren't named "The Wind in the Willows" but rather "Toad of Toad Hall", "The Adventures of Mr. Toad", etc. etc.