''The Decameron'' is a classic work of UsefulNotes/{{Ital|y}}ian literature, written [[OlderThanPrint c.1350-53]] by Creator/GiovanniBoccaccio.

In the midst of TheBlackDeath, ten wealthy young Florentines decamp to the countryside with their retinue, and pass their days in storytelling, an attempt to reclaim a world that everywhere is dying.

Over the course of ten days, the three young men and seven young women tell a hundred stories, full of generous aristocrats, clever tricks, toilet humor, lustful women, wicked churchmen and lots of illicit sex. Boccaccio himself steps out of the shadows twice (once in the introduction to the fourth day, once in the epilogue) to deliver impassioned, hilarious, [[SelfDeprecation self-deprecating]], and (in the case of the epilogue) incredibly obscene defenses of his work.

Famous stories include:
* Day 1, story 1: Ciapelletto, a notoriously wicked Italian AmoralAttorney and scoundrel (he's a murderer, forger, perjurer and DepravedHomosexual among many other things) falls terminally ill while on business in Belgium, where almost absolutely no-one knows him. His slightly less evil companions bring a monk from a nearby convent to confess him and give him last rites. Ciappelletto proceeds to tell him the most ridiculous lies about his life and how holy he's been the whole time, while pretending to cringe over venial sins. He is completely believed by the friar, who preaches a sermon on his life and ends with everyone there believing him a [[VillainWithGoodPublicity genuine saint and attributing miracles to him.]]
* Day 1, story 2: A Jew converts to Catholicism after seeing the corruption of Rome, reasoning that if Christianity can still spread even when its hierarchy is so sinful, it has to have something else going for it.
* Day 3, story 1: Masetto da Lamporecchio feigns to be dumb to win a seat as gardener in a convent. He ends up having sex with all of the nuns.
* Day 3, story 10: Long considered the most obscene and was censored or removed in translations for a significant period. Might be a codifier of IsThatWhatTheyAreCallingItNow.[[note]]If you must insist: A Tunisian girl converts to Christianity as she hears the happiness way of life is to serve God. She travels far to find a monastery to teach her the ways of God but is rejected as it is feared that monks might lust after her. Eventually, she finds a young hermit to teach her and as he is overcome with lust for the beautiful girl, he thinks of a way to sleep with her. Long story short, the hermit calls his cock "the Devil" and her pussy "Hell", and he teaches her how to put the Devil back into Hell. She enjoys it so much, she tires the hermit out and marries someone who doesn't subsist on limited food.[[/note]]
* Day 4, story 5: Lisabetta and the lowly Lorenzo love each other in secret, but her three brothers find out, lure Lorenzo away and kill him. He appears to her in a dream and leads her to where his body is buried, and she cuts of his head and hides it in a jar of earth where she plants basil. Her brothers note her obsession with the jar and steals it away, and she dies of grief.
!!Tropes in ''The Decameron'' include:

* AllWomenAreLustful: And how! Provides the page quote for that trope: "While farmers generally allow one rooster for ten hens, ten men are scarcely sufficient to service one woman."
* AnAesop: All the stories end with some kind of lesson. However, some of them fall into other categories, like CaptainObviousAesop or SpoofAesop.
* AbsenceMakesTheHeartGoYonder: Girolamo after two years comes back to find his lover married to another man and she completely forgot about him. [[spoiler: He dies after failing to win her back and she dies from remorse.]]
* AccidentalPornomancer: Alatiel becomes the sex slave or the wife of eight men before being reunited with her fiancé. (Day 2, story 7)
* ArsonMurderAndJaywalking: Ciapelletto's ListOfTransgressions includes blasphemy, sacrilege, inciting violence, and many felonies such as assault, robbery, and murder, but concludes by noting that he's known to use loaded dice.
%%* BedTrick: More than once, used in various ways.
%%* BlackComedyRape: (Day 3, story 10).
%%* BlasphemousBoast: (Day 1, story 6).
* BrainlessBeauty:
** Cesca (Day 6, story 8).
** Lisetta da Quirino (Day 4, story 2).
** Cimone before falling in love (Day 5, story 1).
%%* BuriedAlive: (Day 3, story 8), (Day 10, story 4).
* ButtMonkey: Calandrino.
* CartwrightCurse: Alatiel. Six of her eight lovers die (often being murdered one after the other). (Day 2, story 7)
* CorruptChurch: Very frequently referenced.
* DeadPersonConversation: (Day 7, story 10)
* DeathByDespair: [[spoiler: Girolamo and his lover.]]
* DepravedHomosexual: Ciapelletto (Day 1, story 1); Pietro (Day 5, story 10).
* DirtyOldMonk: At ''least'' half of all male clergymen in the stories are also shameless leches.
* DomesticAbuse: It will lead to your wife stop being so stubborn (Day 9, story 9). You were warned about the FamilyUnfriendlyAesop.
* DownerEnding: Day 4, although the second tale has a comedic tone and the person who suffers is an asshole.
* DistinguishingMark: Teodoro is recognized by a strawberry shaped birth mark (Day 5, story 7).
%%* DreamingOfThingsToCome: (Day 4, story 6), (Day 9, story 7).
* DudeShesLikeInAComa: Messer Gentile goes hugging and kissing his lover's corpse, just to find out her heart is still beating.(Day 10, story 4).
* ExactWords: Ciapelletto doesn't have to lie when the monk asks him whether he has ever fornicated with women...
* FemaleMisogynist: The female storytellers. One of them narrates the infamous "Salomon and the Bridge" tale.
* FlatCharacter: The ten storytellers. Or so many readers think; some scholars think there's actually a lot more to them than meets the eye.
* FarEast: The story of Mithridanes and Nathan (Day 10, story 3) takes place in "Cathay", a little bit outside the capital (probably Khanbaliq, i.e. UsefulNotes/{{Beijing}}).
* FateWorseThanDeath: A lady rejected her knight suitor and rejoiced when he killed himself. She's sentenced to be hunted and killed by him, eaten by his dogs and brought back to life every Friday for the same amount of years than the months she was cruel to him. This frightens Nastagio's love so much she finally agrees to marry him. (Day 5, story 8)
%%* HappilyEverAfter: Day 5.
* HistoricalDomainCharacter: A lot of the people in the stories are historical figures- most of the time, they are merchants/aristocrats who were contemporaries of Boccaccio, but there's also some figures who are well-known today, such as the painter Giotto.
* HormoneAddledTeenager: Surprised? The storytellers are all in their late teens or early-to-mid twenties. They are essentially unsupervised. An inordinate proportion of the stories either have to do with sex or hint strongly at sex. And there is much {{subtext}} indicating that each of the three guys is trying to get into at least one of the girls' pants (or in Dioneo's case, it would appear that he's trying to get into all of their pants). So no wonder there's so much fucking fucking in the stories.
* ICallHimMisterHappy: "The Devil".
* IncompatibleOrientation: Pietro and his wife. (Day 5, story 10). The latter ends sharing her lover with him.
* InsaneTrollLogic: Abraham's reasoning for becoming a Christian in Day 1, Story 2.
* InWhichATropeIsDescribed: The tales' titles.
* IWantMyBelovedToBeHappy: (Day 10, Story 4); (Day 10, story 6); (Day 10, story 8)
%%* KarmaHoudini: In some stories.
* KingIncognito: The princess in (Day 2, story 3), Saladin in (Day 10, story 9)
%%* LiteraryAgentHypothesis
%%* {{Lust}}
* MoralDissonance: A lot! One example: two stories involved ladies who dangerously prank their unwanted suitors to get rid off them (Day 8, story 7 and Day 9, story 1). For some reasons the storytellers think the first one is a bitch but praise the second's ingenuity. In another story, lovers use a stupid but apparently genuinely pious priest as an unwitting go-between. This is praised by the storytellers, despite being somewhat at odds with all of the other stories where they criticize the sexual immorality of the clergy and wish for a return of the SaintlyChurch.
* MisterSeahorse: Calandrino is tricked by his two friend to believe he's pregnant. [[TheDitz It works]]. Then he buys an expensive medecine to abort. (Day 9, story 3)
* NationalStereotypes: Several stories note stereotypes associated with various Italian regions. For instance, people from Sienna were supposedly stupid and all Venetians are greedy and corrupt (because Venice was a rival of Boccaccio's city state, Florence).
* NaughtyNuns: In a couple of the stories; also frequent is the SexyPriest and DirtyOldMonk.
* NotIfTheyEnjoyedItRationalization: [[ValuesDissonance Every time someone (both genders) rapes or impersonates a spouse or a lover to have sex with somebody else, you can expect this.]]
* OutGambitted: It happens to some of the characters (e.g., Day 7, story 4).
* PleaseKillMeIfItSatisfiesYou: Nathan is willingly to be killed by his rival. (Day 10, story 3)
* {{Polyamory}}: After sleeping with each other's wifes, two men agree to share them freely. (Day 8, Story 8)
* RewardedAsATraitorDeserves: Ciuriaci, after killing his master the prince of Morea on the Duke of Athens' orders. (Day 2, story 7)
* SamusIsAGirl: The abbot is the princess of England (Day 2, story 3), Sicurano the sailor (Day 2, story 9).
* SecretTestOfCharacter: For years, the Marquis of Saluzzo test his wife's patience and obedience by mistreating her, pretending to kill their both children and pretending to dump her for a twelve year old girl. Jesus... (Day 10, Story 10)
%%* StockholmSyndrome: (Day 2, story 7), (Day 2, story 10).
* SoBeautifulItsACurse: Alatiel (Day 2, story 7)
* SuicideByCop: Attempted by Gisippe accusing himself of a murder he did not commit (Day 10, story 8).
* SympatheticAdulterer: Lots of them, generally involving a woman cheating on a much older husband and it often the case that the woman is an ImpoverishedPatrician and the husband a NouveauRiche.
* TakeThat: Boccaccio really hated corrupt clergymen and Venetians.
* ThoseTwoGuys: Bruno and Buffalmacco
%%* ToiletHumour
* UnusualEuphemism: "Putting the Devil back into Hell".
* VillainWithGoodPublicity: [[spoiler: Ciapelletto]]
%%* VillainProtagonist: (Day 1, story 1), (Day 4, story 2), (Day 5, story 1).
%%* ViolenceReallyIsTheAnswer: (Day 9, story 9) ouch!
%%* VirginityMakesYouStupid: Alibech (Day 3, story 10).
%%* WhatHappenedToTheMouse: Folco and Ninetta (Day 4, story 3).
* AWizardDidIt: An eden garden in winter (Day 10, story 5) and teleportation of a man from Saladin's palace to Pavia (Day 10, story 9).
* YouHaveWaitedLongEnough: Torello arrives just in time when his wife is about to remarried after he had been declared dead (Day 10, story 9).
%%* YourCheatingHeart: Too many examples.