Fantasy/Detective series written by Creator/RandallGarrett in the 1960s and 1970s, set in an AlternateHistory with two major branches from our own:

# King UsefulNotes/RichardTheLionHeart survived the crossbow wound and subsequent infection that killed him in our history, but the narrow escape caused him to reconsider his life and become a famously great monarch. Nobody ever got around to agitating for Magna Carta, and in the twentieth century the Plantagenet dynasty still rules absolutely in England -- not to mention France, most of the rest of western Europe, and North and South America.
# The course of scientific discovery went down a different path, with the result that magic and psychic powers are well-understood phenomena with clearly-defined rules (but nobody knows much, or cares, about the physical sciences).

As a result, in the 1970s, the Angevin Empire's society and technology largely resembles those of, to pick a comparison ''entirely'' at random, the Franchise/SherlockHolmes stories. But with wizards.

Lord Darcy is an official investigator for His Highness the Duke of Normandy, solving mysteries too weird or too politically sensitive for the normal police to handle. He is ably assisted by Master Sorcerer Sean O Lochlainn, a one-man magical CSI department.

In the later stories, Lord Darcy and Master Sean increasingly often become entangled in the espionage and counter-espionage of their world's version of the UsefulNotes/ColdWar, between the Angevin Empire and the ambitious-but-not-strong-enough-to-wage-conventional-war Polish Empire.

Lord Darcy was introduced in 1964. ''Murder and Magic'' (1979) and ''Lord Darcy Investigates'' (1981) collect all of the Lord Darcy stories, bar two that were published later. Garrett also wrote one Lord Darcy novel, ''Too Many Magicians'' (1966), which fits between. A 2002 omnibus edition collects all three books and the two stray stories.

In the 1980s, following Garrett's death, his friend and fellow-author Creator/MichaelKurland wrote two more Lord Darcy novels, ''Ten Little Wizards'' (1988) and ''A Study in Sorcery'' (1989).

!!The series provides examples of:

* AllohistoricalAllusion: In one of Kurland's novels, a character views paintings of Plantagenet monarchs past, and speculates about how horribly history could've gone, had King Richard died sooner and the throne had passed to his JerkAss [[UsefulNotes/KingJohnOfEngland brother]], instead of his nephew.
* AlwaysMurder: Well, mostly. Subverted in [[spoiler:"The Sixteen Keys"]], where it turns out they already know what the victim died of, and just need Darcy to figure out where he'd hidden an important document before he snuffed it.
* AmericaIsStillAColony: History diverged around 1199: the Anglo-French Empire is still ruled by a descendant of UsefulNotes/RichardTheLionHeart, and controls most of western Europe as well as America.
* {{Arrowgram}}: At the beginning of Michael Kurland's ''A Study in Sorcery'', a company of English soldiers are escorting a group of Native Americans through the lands of another tribe with whom they have a bad history. The chief of the local tribe sends a message arrow into the tent of the head soldier, warning him that they plan to attack and giving him a chance to withdraw his men. (History being somewhat different in this series, the message is written in formal English on mass-produced notepaper with a printed letterhead.)
* TheBaroness: Olga Polovski, Agent 055 of Serka, the Polish Secret Service, repeatedly named in-text as "The most beautiful and the most dangerous woman in Europe".
* BlackMagic: Combined with SaintlyChurch, in that performing any kind of harmful deed through magic (even injuring a criminal in defensive combat) causes [[ThisIsYourBrainOnEvil irreparable mental damage of some sort]]. The clergy function as magical psychologists of a sort; though they can't "cure" people of the resulting ([[NotBrainwashed or causative!]]) evilness, they can magically detect psychosis and render such people [[BroughtDownToNormal incapable of working magic]] to prevent further harm to a black magician's mind. As a result, practicing magic requires an official license gained through examination by the clergy.
* BlueBlood: Extremely prevalent, and even explained in-universe--the involvement of the office of the Duke's Investigator is ''required'' for crimes involving members of the aristocracy, while city Armsmen (local police departments) handle the investigation of crimes among the common people. Although the Duke's Investigator are also legally required to be called upon for assistance by the Armsmen in any case that goes beyond their ability to solve, so Darcy does handle several matters on that social level as well.
* BrilliantButLazy: The Marquis of London.
* BrainwashingForTheGreaterGood: [[spoiler: Lord Seiger]] is a natural psychopath whose homicidal urges are suppressed by a Church-imposed ''{{geas}}''.
* ChristianityIsCatholic: Literally so, as the Protestant Reformation never happened in this Verse.
* ClarkesThirdLaw: Inverted. There are instances of devices that work on clearly understood principles, in our world, but in the Darcy world, their sages have no idea ''how'' they work, just that they do. Examples include the teleson (a telephone), and a device created by a top secret military research program: a flashlight.
* ClearTheirName:
** In "The Bitter End", Master Sean is accused of the murder by the bumbling [[Franchise/ThePinkPanther Sergeant Cougair Chasseur]].
** Master Sean is also accused of the murder in ''Too Many Magicians'', but it's only a ploy by the Marquis of London to get Lord Darcy to come and investigate the murder for him, and Darcy deals with it swiftly instead of having it hanging over him throughout the investigation.
* CombatClairvoyance: Commander Lord Ashley, in ''Too Many Magicians'', has just a touch of magical talent that gives him the occasional burst of prescience. The most dramatic presentation of this power comes when he's fighting an opponent armed with an enchanted sword that's effectively invisible; Ashley's power lets him accurately predict the other man's movements.
* DeadMansChest: The woodworkers preparing to deliver the coffin of the Duke of Kent in "The Muddle of the Woad" are surprised to find that a body's already been stashed in it.
* DeadPersonImpersonation: In [[spoiler:"The Muddle of the Woad"]].
* DetectiveMole: [[spoiler:In ''Too Many Magicians'', the murderer is one of the people conducting the investigation; the people he murdered had each discovered, or were about to discover, that he had been subverted by the Polish secret service.]]
* EnsignNewbie: Lieutenant Darcy is a self-acknowledged one in "The Spell of War", learning from his SergeantRock.
* EverybodyDidIt: Proposed and then shot down in "The Napoli Express", in a fairly obvious critique of ''Literature/MurderOnTheOrientExpress''.
* ExactWords:
** In "The Napoli Express", Lord Darcy is pretending to be a priest. When an investigator asks if he knows anything about criminology, he says that he has heard the confessions of criminals many times.
** In Kurland's ''A Study In Sorcery'', the Angevin governor of New England guarantees his agents' loyalty with a magically-reinforced oath, by which they swear to be loyal servants to their sovereign and his appointed proxies. [[spoiler:Unfortunately, the oath's wording neglects to ''name'' the sovereign to be served, to save having to reconstruct the spell every time a new king takes the throne, which means a Polish spy can take the oath without consequence by staying loyal to Poland's monarch.]]
* EyeRemember: Used in an attempt to discover the murderer's identity in "The Eyes Have It".
* FakingTheDead: In Michael Kurland's ''A Study in Sorcery'', [[spoiler:an attempt on Lord Darcy's life apparently succeeds, but it's actually a ruse to draw the murderer out of hiding.]]
* FantasticCatholicism
* ForWantOfANail: Richard the Lionheart's survival resulted in the discovery that led to the harnessing of magic. (It might be easier to imagine a timeline in which the harnessing of magic resulted in Richard's survival, but it's explicitly stated that in this timeline Richard's survival came first.) The explanation is that Richard's brush with death caused him to change his rulership style. For the remainder of his reign, he encouraged learning and the arts. And this trend continued under his successor; his nephew Arthur. It was the academic environment fostered by Richard and Arthur that led to the discovery of the rules of magic.
* FunctionalMagic: More functional than science.
* FunetikAksent: Polish characters who aren't trying to disguise themselves as Angevin subjects tend to have this.
* GentlemanWizard: Several minor characters (including a couple of victims). Recurring character Lord John Quetzal is an interesting case, as he's a nobleman and a gentleman, but he's from the colonies (Mexico, in our version of reality), which gives him some interesting quirks.
* GreatDetective: Both Darcy himself and his cousin the Marquis of London.
* HandOfGlory: Lord Darcy finds one in "The Eyes Have It".
* {{Infodump}}: Because the stories were originally published separately, the exposition about Richard the Lionheart surviving and magic being developed gets repeated over and over again in every story.
* IntrinsicVow: The King's Messengers all take one to never reveal an official message to anyone but the intended recipient. It's backed up by a magical compulsion to ''die'' rather then reveal it.
* IstanbulNotConstantinople: Especially when it comes to the Americas.
* ItWillNeverCatchOn: In one story, a wizard speaks disparagingly of a folk superstition that [[ThatOldTimePrescription wounds can be treated with a kind of mould]]. In another, a man engaged in chemical research is regarded as a time-wasting eccentric (although Darcy, at least, thinks he's on to something).
* TheLawsOfMagic: The series could practically serve as a textbook on the subject.
* LockedRoomMystery: At least half the series. Notably, in spite of the obvious temptation, the answer is ''never'' "AWizardDidIt" (Though in one case a wizard ''tried'' to do it, but failed because someone else did it first).
* MagicAIsMagicA: Magic is so systematized that performing a particular spell will ''always'' have the same result.
* MagicCompass:
** In one story, Master Sean enchanted a splinter left behind by a murder weapon and used it to find the rest of the weapon.
** "The Ipswich Phial" has Master Sean give Lord Darcy a "tracker", a piece of wood broken and enchanted so that the holder of one piece can tell where the other is.
** Another character has this as one of his magical abilities--once he locks onto someone, he can tell which direction and roughly how far (up to a certain range) the target is from his location.
* MagicWand: A different sort for practically every spell Sean O Lochlainn carries out, of various colors, materials, sizes and decorations.
* MajoredInWesternHypocrisy: Several instances, though all without the hypocrisy part because the Angevin Empire is better than its counterparts in our world. The most prominent example is Lord John Quetzal, a native American nobleman who is studying in London in ''Too Many Magicians''. The "character wrong-footed by foreigner's education" version appears in Michael Kurland's ''A Study in Sorcery'', where Lord Darcy meets a woman who has invented a dramatic past for herself that includes a stint in the harem of the son of the Osmanli Sultan; in the course of dissecting her story, he mentions that he and the son of the Osmanli Sultan were at Oxford together.
* MimingTheCues: In "The Napoli Express", a murder is committed while Lord Darcy is undercover, leaving him unable to take official charge of the investigation. While another detective leads the investigation with Master Sean's assistance, Lord Darcy uses hand-signals to prompt Master Sean to suggest "what Lord Darcy would do next if he were here".
* MindOverManners
* ModernMayincatecEmpire: Garrett left the state of things in the Americas largely undefined, but ''Too Many Magicians'' mentions that the Aztec emperor Montezuma's descendants now rule "Mechicoe" as noblemen of the Angevin Empire. Michael Kurland's ''A Study in Sorcery'', being set largely in North America, is much more specific, and adds that part of the Aztec Empire continues unabated farther south.
* MrExposition: Master Sean, who's a teacher when he's not helping bust criminals, has a tendency to accompany every forensic test he does with an explanatory lecture. Lord Darcy encourages him, even when [[AsYouKnow he's seen this test done before]], because [[JustifiedTrope the lecture is never exactly same, so there's always a chance to learn something]]. This habit of Sean's is justified by explaining that he was formerly employed as a university professor in the subject, so he's gotten in the habit of explaining what he's doing to the audience every time he does it. It's also mentioned that doing so helps him maintain his focus on the task.
* TheNeidermeyer: The commander of Darcy's unit in "The Spell of War".
* NoodleIncident: In "Too Many Magicians", a few of Darcy's unseen cases are mentioned in passing, but nothing more is revealed about them. Similarly, at least one case mentioned by a FanBoy in "Ten Little Wizards" is not covered in the extant stories.
* OriginsEpisode: "The Spell of War", one of the last-published stories, recounts the first meeting of Lord Darcy and Master Sean on a battlefield during their world's equivalent of World War II.
* OnlyOneName: Lord Darcy's given name is never revealed. In "The Spell of War", where he's not yet inherited his title, he's referred to as "Lieutenant Darcy".
* OrientExpress: "Murder on the Napoli Express" is set on the Angevin Empire's counterpart to the famous train.
* PhoneInDetective: The Marquis of London (an {{Expy}} of Literature/NeroWolfe).
* PoirotSpeak: Played with in "The Bitter End", which is set in Paris and features the alternate universe version of [[Franchise/ThePinkPanther Inspector Clouseau]].
* RichardNixonTheUsedCarSalesman: In a world where the automobile was never invented, Ferrari of Milan is a noted manufacturer of firearms.
* RightForTheWrongReasons: Captain Rimbaud in "The Spell of War" planned to have his men charge the Polish troops before their artillery could shell the ravine, rather than retreat and report the field pieces' position as Darcy suggests. Rimbaud was merely determined not to fall back because he considered it cowardly, but given that the Polish troops were illusions, it would've actually been the correct tactic under the circumstances.
* RoyalWe: King John IV uses this when speaking as King-Emperor and drops it on those rare occasions where he needs to speak man to man.
* SaintlyChurch: Apparently magic makes it possible to ensure that only suitable people become priests (and has presumably cleared up the whole is-there-a-God question, although that point is never really addressed).
* SerialKillingsSpecificTarget: The ultimate target in ''Ten Little Wizards''.
%%Shout Outs now have their own page.
* SmokingGunControl: A character once comments that detective work in cities would be a lot easier without all the anti-scrying spells placed on homes and businesses. Darcy comments that if these were not there, detective work would be non-existent--you could just call in a journeyman sorcerer to use some basic divination spells and the case would be solved in under an hour. He also mentions that this would also eliminate all hope of personal privacy, as any interested mage could scry into your house or office whenever they wanted (this being the reason that anti-scrying spells are placed on homes and businesses in the first place).
* SpellConstruction: Although magic is limited to those with the Talent, actually casting a spell requires intricate and specific ingredients and actions.
* TheStarsAreGoingOut: In "The Ipswich Phial", a top-secret magical effect makes Father Lyon ''think'' this has happened, by causing a sort of hysterical blindness in a localized area.
* StealthPun: The infamous subplot in ''Too Many Magicians'' involving the [[Series/TheManFromUNCLE uncle from the Isle of Man]].
* SummationGathering: Most notably in ''Too Many Magicians'', but also in several of the other stories.
* SufficientlyAnalyzedMagic: A key element to the whole series.
* SwordCane: In "The Napoli Express", a sword cane (and the fact that it wasn't used) provides a vital clue in solving the murder.
* ThatOldTimePrescription: The series occasionally shows that medical science dead-ended once magic turned out to be easier by having somebody refer to "superstitious folk remedies" such as treating wounds with mould or using foxglove extract to treat heart trouble.
* ThrillerOnTheExpress: ''The Napoli Express'', being a homage to ''Literature/MurderOnTheOrientExpress''.
* TrappedByGamblingDebts: Happens to one character in ''Too Many Magicians''.
* TryToFitThatOnABusinessCard: The King's official titles:
-->"John IV, by the Grace of God, King and Emperor of England, France, Scotland, Ireland, New England and New France, King of the Romans and Emperor of the Holy Roman Empire, Defender of the Faith." That's the short version. The long one includes a bunch of knightly orders and additional Alternate Universe name-drops (e.g. Supreme Chief of the Moqtessumid Clan).
* {{Tuckerization}}: Creator/MichaelKurland gets name-checked several times in various stories, and the greatest wizards of the Angevin Empire include Sir Lyon Gandolphus Grey (Creator/LSpragueDeCamp by way of Creator/JRRTolkien), Sir Edward Elmer (Creator/EEDocSmith), and Sir James Zwinge (Randall James Zwinge, aka The Amazing Randi).
* TwinTelepathy: A minor plot point in Michael Kurland's ''A Study in Sorcery''.
* {{Uncoffee}}: Referred to instead as "caffe". One reference in ''Ten Little Wizards'' indirectly implies it may actually be ''hot chocolate'', not coffee.
* UnfriendlyFire: In "The Spell of War", Darcy, a young officer at the time, chooses not to notice that the commander of his unit--who'd been a tyrant and endangered the men--had a low-angle bullet entry wound from a pistol... received while under fire from a sniper who was using a rifle from a high angle. (The soldier who killed him died almost immediately afterward, while the one piece of evidence--the body--is destroyed in an artillery barrage; Darcy chooses to [[ThePowerOfLegacy protect the soldier's reputation]].)
* UtilityMagic
* WhoMurderedTheAsshole: Count D'Evreux, the victim in "The Eyes Have It", has many personality flaws. The underling who finds his body says outright that he'd always expected the Count to wind up being done in by somebody.
-->'''Marquis of Rouen:''' If Your Highness is looking for motive, I fear there is a superabundance of persons with motive.
* WitchSpecies: In order to practice magic, one must be born with "the Talent". This exists to varying degrees, such that only a small portion of the population can work magic, some others exhibit strange powers, nearly all can at least perceive strong magic to some extent, and a few on the other end are magically inert and utterly unable to directly sense the supernatural. Interestingly, the world's foremost magical theorist and expert in the symbolic manipulations underlying modern magic happens to be unable to work magic at all.
* WorldOfPun: Not at the pun-per-paragraph extreme, but the series definitely keeps the punometer ticking away. Especially when it comes to the literary shout-outs, which are often veiled behind the French equivalent of CanisLatinicus, as with master-spy James le Lien.[[note]]"lien" = "[[Literature/JamesBond bond]]"[[/note]] %%Additional examples can go on the Shout Out page.
* YouAreInCommandNow: Happens to both Darcy and Sean in "The Spell Of War".