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Literature: Janie
The Janie Johnson series is a five book series by Caroline B. Cooney (Losing Christina) about a young girl named Janie Johnson who sees her own face on a milk carton and realizes that the people who raised her are not her real parents. In fact, she was stolen from her birth family (the Springs) in early childhood and the Springs want her back. The series follows the young Janie in her attempts to figure out the truth about her origins and decide who she wants to be from now on. Will she remain Janie Johnson, living with the family that is not truly hers, or become Jennie Spring and finally bring peace to the family that birthed her? The first and second book in the series were combined into a Made-for-TV Movie in 1995.

The series consists of the following titles:

  • The Face on the Milk Carton (1990)
  • Whatever Happened to Janie (1993)
  • The Voice on the Radio (1996)
  • What Janie Found (2000)
  • Janie Face to Face (2013)


This series provides examples of:

  • All Men Are Perverts: Reeve continually tries to imagine ways to convince Janie, who is not ready for sex, to change her mind.
  • Adaptation Name Change: For whatever reason, the made for TV Movie changed most of the surnames of the characters. The one who didn't get changed was Reeve Shields.
  • Black Sheep: Janie or Jennie when she rejoins the Spring family in Whatever Happened to Janie.
  • Changeling Fantasy: an unusual subversion; Janie has a serious crisis of identity when she discovers her real parents.
  • Creepy Child: Young Hannah.
  • Compressed Adaptation: The TV movie combined the first two books of the series. The remaining three have not been adapted.
  • Early-Installment Weirdness: Hannah's backstory started off as an impressionable 16-year girl suffering from white guilt who needed parental permission to join a cult. Later on, it was apparently a college student who felt isolated and far from home. Similarly, her motives for kidnapping Janie seem to change from 'cult mission' to 'loneliness' to 'batshit insane' according to the whims of the author.
    • In the newest installment, we see the kidnapping from Hannah's point of view, and the reason seems to be revenge against her parents, and to some extent Janie herself.
  • Face on a Milk Carton: Janie finds her own picture on the milk carton. This is how the story begins.
  • Fiery Redhead: Janie, also her sister, Jodie and their brother.
  • Friendless Background: Apparently, this was Hannah's forte. No one liked her in high school, college, in the cult or before the kidnapping.
  • Gambit Roulette: Janie's wedding is partially a plan to bring Hannah out of hiding so she can be arrested. Similarly, Hannah is posing as a true crime novelist writing a book about the kidnapping so she can try to get revenge on her parents and Janie. For reasons.
  • Make-Out Point: nicknamed "Sexual Overlook."
  • Overprotective Parents: A completely justified trope with the Springs.
  • Raised by Grandparents: The parents who raise Janie reveal that they are not her parents, but her grandparents, and that her real mother is their daughter, Hannah. This turns out to be a lie that Hannah told them to make them accept the "replacement daughter" she stole for them.
  • Religion of Evil: The cult Hannah joins.
  • Technology Marches On: At least half of the first book could be resolved if Janie could have just Googled herself.
  • Smithical Marriage: subverted when Janie goes to a hotel with Reeve.
  • Trilogy Creep: Began as a trilogy then two new books were added to the series.
  • Wacky Marriage Proposal: Occurs twice in Janie Face to Face, both involving Reeve and Janie. One after Janie dumps a boy who turns out to be hired by Hannah to mess with her and the other after Reeve buys a ring, and is 'forced' to re-propose by an airline pilot.


Sea FireLiterature of the 1990sJennifer the Jerk Is Missing

alternative title(s): Janie
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