[[caption-width-right:320:[[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=MwHWbsvgQUE AH-EE-AH-EE-AAAAAAAAARGH!!!]]]]

->''"[[BeamMeUpScotty Me Tarzan, you Jane.]]"''

First created by Creator/EdgarRiceBurroughs in 1912, Tarzan has since swung through dozens of books, films and TV series, both straight and parodied. [[FolkHero Tarzan]] is the quintessential [[NatureHero jungle hero]]; [[MightyWhitey white but at home]] in DarkestAfrica. Often seen in a leopard LoinCloth.

In [[Literature/{{Tarzan}} the original books]], Tarzan was the son of Lord Greystoke, [[WildChild raised by apes]] after being orphaned in Africa as a baby. After meeting Jane and learning the basics of human interaction, he left the jungle in search of his true love. They married and settled in England, where they had a son, but eventually grew tired of civilization and returned to the jungle.

Most of the [[TheFilmOfTheBook films]] omit Tarzan's English sojourn and his status as Lord Greystoke. Instead, he has often been provided with a [[NonHumanSidekick pet chimpanzee]] and an adopted son -- the latter because the film Tarzan never formally married Jane, and thus was not allowed by the [[CensorshipBureau Hays office]] to actually have gotten her pregnant.

Tarzan's further adventures generally have one of two plots: either Tarzan discovers a LostWorld, or he defends his African friends against European villains. Along the way, Tarzan and his family became immortal, if only in the literary sense.

The quote at the top of the page was a BeamMeUpScotty, as Tarzan did not say it in any of the books, or even, exactly, in any movie - he just slapped his chest and said "Tarzan," then poked Jane and said "Jane." (In the books, [[GeniusBruiser Tarzan was very intelligent]], and by the end of the series, spoke something like thirty languages.) However, in the 2013 animated movie the phrase [[AscendedMeme finally does appear]].

The earlier Tarzan novels are [[PublicDomainCharacter out of copyright]] in the US, but not in Europe, and Wiki/TheOtherWiki suggests he's also trademarked by the author's company. Altogether, that explains why ''ComicBook/TheLeagueOfExtraordinaryGentlemen'' only refers to him as [[CaptainErsatz "Lord Greystoke"]].

The JunglePrincess is his DistaffCounterpart.
For details of the novels, see {{Literature.Tarzan}}.

Adaptations of the ''Tarzan'' books include:

[[AC:Film - Live Action]]
* Creator/JohnnyWeissmuller starred in the best known film series, starting in 1932 with ''Tarzan the Ape Man'', followed up by eleven sequels up to 1948.
** The second film in the series, ''Film/TarzanAndHisMate'', has its own work page.
* ''Tarzan the Fearless'' (1933) was released as both a movie and a serial. It starred Buster Crabbe, making him the only actor to play Tarzan, Film/{{Flash Gordon|Serial}}, and ComicStrip/BuckRogers. Crabbe, like Weissmuller, was an Olympic gold medalist in swimming, and a rivalry between the two was publicized. (In truth they had been friends for years.)
* Creator/BoDerek and Creator/RichardHarris once starred in another film titled ''Tarzan, the Ape Man'' in 1981, which was a more adult look at the Tarzan mythos, focusing mostly on Jane and featuring a large supply of {{Fanservice}}. The film was a flop since children could not see it, male audience members hoping to see a naked Bo Derek were disappointed to see what was mostly a romance film with Tarzan playing a supporting role, and female audience members were turned off by the more blatant scenes of nudity (if they were interested in seeing a "Tarzan film" to begin with). Derek reportedly firing most of the cast and crew before filming ended did not help matters, either.
* The 1984 film ''Film/GreystokeTheLegendOfTarzanLordOfTheApes'' was an attempt at both a more naturalistic and slightly more faithful adaptation of Burroughs' work, including a depiction of Tarzan's returning to England. Notable that except in the film's subtitle, the name Tarzan is never used in any dialog.
* ''Film/TheLegendOfTarzan'' is a 2016 film directed by Creator/DavidYates with Creator/AlexanderSkarsgard as the lead, Creator/MargotRobbie as Jane, Creator/ChristophWaltz as the bad guy and Creator/SamuelLJackson as a friend of the hero. It takes place years after Tarzan went back to civilization with Jane, as adventure calls them back to Africa.

[[AC:Film - Animated]]
* The Disney feature-length ''Disney/{{Tarzan}}'' cartoon was relatively free of gross instances of the studio's usual {{Disneyfication}}, although it did turn Jane from an American to a Brit among other things. It also had a villain named Clayton (note that Tarzan's real name in the book was John Clayton, not to be confused with this character who was Jane's fiancé, William Clayton, [[OneDegreeOfSeparation as well as Tarzan's cousin]]). The Disney ''Tarzan'' franchise also spawned an animated SpinOff TV series (''WesternAnimation/TheLegendOfTarzan'') and a stage musical (''Tarzan the Musical'').
* ''WesternAnimation/{{Tarzan|2013}}'': [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tarzan_(2013_film) A 3D animated film]] released in 2013, featuring Tarzan defending an ancient meteor crash site from the CorruptCorporateExecutive who killed his parents.

[[AC:Live-Action TV]]
* Several TV series. The best known in the United States is the 1966 series ''Tarzan'', starring Ron Ely, which lasted for two seasons on Creator/{{NBC}}.
* ''[[Series/{{Tarzan1991}} Tarzán]]'' was a French-Canadian-Mexican series that ran from 1991 to 1994, set in the present day and turning Jane into a French ecologist. With 75 half-hour episodes, it's actually the longest-running Tarzan TV series to date.
* ''Series/TarzanTheEpicAdventures'' ran in syndication from 1996 to 1997, and drew more from Burroughs' books than most adaptations.
* A 2003 revision on The WB had the title character (Creator/TravisFimmel) meet Jane (Sarah Wayne Callies) in [[BigApplesauce New York City]]. Broadcast [[ShortRunners 8 episodes]].

[[AC:Newspaper Comics]]
* A daily newspaper strip from 1929 to 1972 and a Sunday paper strip from 1931 to 2000, both distributed by Creator/KingFeaturesSyndicate and featuring the work of a variety of writers and artists, the two best known probably being Hal Foster (before he went on to create ''Comicstrip/PrinceValiant)'' and Burne Hogarth (best known for his popular books on anatomy and lighting for artists).

* ''Tarzan the Musical'', a ScreenToStageAdaptation of the Disney feature, premiered on Broadway in 2006.

[[AC:Western Animation]]
* The 1976 Creator/{{Filmation}} Saturday morning [[AnimatedAdaptation cartoon series]], ''Tarzan, Lord of the Jungle'', was among the most faithful of the adapatations; the writers (including Creator/PaulDini) had ''[[ShownTheirWork actually read the books]]''.
* ''WesternAnimation/TheLegendOfTarzan'', the animated series SpinOff to the Disney ''Tarzan'', borrowing many plot elements from the original Burroughs books while keeping the whimsical tone of the Disney film.
* ''WesternAnimation/TarzanAndJane'', a 2017 CGI series on Creator/{{Netflix}}.
!!Various adaptations provide examples of:
* BarbarianLonghair: Being [[RaisedByWolves raised by apes]], [[WildChild Tarzan]] doesn't pay much attention to how his hair looks. Though in the book series, after learning about "civilized" humans through his father's old books, he cut his hair with a knife to set himself apart. Though most adaptations after the Disney film have him keep his long hair.
* DarkestAfrica: A romanticized version of the jungle.
* EverythingsBetterWithMonkeys: Tarzan is raised by apes and lives among them. In most adaptations he has a monkey or ape as his NonHumanSidekick.
* EvilPoacher: A GreatWhiteHunter may threaten Tarzan and his animal friends at one point.
* FurBikini: Jane often wears a variety of this after settling down in the jungle with Tarzan.
* HollywoodNatives: In the older movies, before it became a DiscreditedTrope.
* HulkSpeak: In the various movies, the ape man talks like this. Adaptations that hew closer to the books depict him becoming fluent in English (and other languages) in the years after his contact with civilization.
* HungryJungle: Tarzan's home is full of dangerous wildlife.
* JunglePrincess: Jane, in most versions, becomes one after leaving her civilized life behind and marrying Tarzan.
* JunglesSoundLikeKookaburras: The TropeCodifier, as this franchise, set in the African jungle, used the kookaburra sound effect first in the 1930s.
* KillerGorilla: A common adversary of Tarzan. In some versions Tarzan's own ape family has members who fit this trope, and sometimes they are outsiders and enemies of Tarzan's tribe. The original books have both: Kerchak and Terkoz are evil members of Tarzan's tribe, the Mangani (a fictional species of great ape), and the Bolgani (gorillas) are enemies of the tribe.
* LoinCloth: Tarzan wears one. In some versions, the loincloth also has a strap across his shoulder.
* MisplacedWildlife: The black-and-white movies often placed weird animals in the African jungle. The elephants for instance were Indian, but the film makers just provided some [[SpecialEffectsFailure fake ears to them to make them appear more African]].
* NoisyNature: That infamous kookaburra sound that you hear in EVERY jungle environment nowadays? Introduced by the 1930s Tarzan films.
* NonHumanSidekick: Usually a monkey or ape (Cheetah the chimpanzee from the Johnny Weissmuller films being the most famous one), sometimes also an elephant, big cat or bird.
* {{Omniglot}}: In the original books he speaks at least a dozen languages.
* PantheraAwesome: Big cats such as lions and leopards (and sometimes tigers) are among Tarzan's most common opponents. Lions live on the savannah, so are MisplacedWildlife, but not as misplaced as tigers who are from a different continent.
* PrimalChestPound: Tarzan, being a man raised by apes, sometimes performs one, usually combined with his SignatureRoar.
* SignatureRoar: Tarzan's yell, described in the book as "the victory cry of the bull ape." Later Tarzan adaptations still use Creator/JohnnyWeissmuller 's Tarzan yell.
* TribalCarry
* VaporWear: Jane's jungle dress, especially the BareYourMidriff version.
* VineSwing: Tarzan's preferred transportation method, so much that he's the TropeCodifier. Surprisingly {{Averted}} in the original books, but done in [[LostInImitation just about every single other appearance]].
* WildChild: Tarzan as a child. His own adopted son, Boy, also counts.