->''"Well, killing a man isn't clean and quick and simple. It's bloody and awful. And maybe if enough people come to realize that shooting somebody isn't just fun and games, maybe we'll get somewhere.''"
-->-- Sam Peckinpah

David Samuel "Sam" Peckinpah (February 21, 1925 December 28, 1984) was a director of manly movies. An eccentric drug-abuser and lifelong alcoholic who was notorious for his gruff demeanor and rocky relationships with women, Peckinpah created a number of films that perfectly reflect his own personality: violent, nihilistic and cynical. Some of them stand as modern classics.

His filmography includes:

* ''Film/RideTheHighCountry'': A tale about two aging ex-lawman guarding a shipment of gold in early 20th century California, it had lackluster box office when it was released in 1962 but has since been VindicatedByHistory.
* ''Film/MajorDundee'': A vicious {{Deconstruction}} of the Cavalry Vs. Indians formula crossed with ''Literature/MobyDick''. A victim of extensive ExecutiveMeddling, it (and ''Film/TheCincinnatiKid'' from which he was fired) set the stage for Peckinpah's contentious relationships with producers and studio heads during the production of his later films.
* ''Film/TheWildBunch'': His most famous film, an infamously violent anti-western about aging bank robbers in the changing west.
* ''Film/TheBalladOfCableHogue'': This is a lesser-known [[PlayingAgainstType mostly non-violent change of pace film]] about the proprietor of a water hole during [[TwilightOfTheOldWest the last days of the Old West]].
* ''[[Film/StrawDogs1971 Straw Dogs]]'': A nebbishy professor gets pushed to the brink and violently reasserts his masculinity. Remade in [[Film/StrawDogs2011 2011]].
* ''Film/JuniorBonner'': Another [[PlayingAgainstType uncharacteristically non-violent film]] starring Creator/SteveMcQueenActor as an aging rodeo bull-rider.
* ''Film/TheGetaway'': A crime caper also starring Creator/SteveMcQueenActor that was remade in 1994.
* ''Film/PatGarrettAndBillyTheKid'': Perhaps best known for being the origin of Music/BobDylan's "Knocking on Heaven's Door."
* ''Film/BringMeTheHeadOfAlfredoGarcia'': A bloody [[NewOldWest modern western]].
* ''Film/TheKillerElite'': A freelance spy seeks his traitorous ex-partner.
* ''Film/CrossOfIron'': His only war film, and an inspiration for Tarantino's ''Film/InglouriousBasterds''.
* ''Film/{{Convoy}}'': A trucker film based on the novelty country song.
* ''Film/TheOstermanWeekend'': His final film, based on the Creator/RobertLudlum novel.

He also worked in TV earlier in his career, contributing well-regarded episodes to ''Series/HaveGunWillTravel'' and ''Series/{{Gunsmoke}}'', rewriting a rejected script from the latter to create ''Series/TheRifleman'', and later creating ''The Westerner''.

!! Sam Peckinpah's signature style include:
* TheAlcoholic: His alcoholism is often reflected in his characters.
* AuthorAppeal: [[{{Gorn}} Extreme violence]] of course. Most of his films also features an extreme amount of alcohol being consumed, which again isn't surprising. Another common sight are cute, innocent children [[TroublingUnchildlikeBehaviour doing morbid and disturbing things]] like torturing scorpions in ''Film/TheWildBunch'', a dog in ''Film/StrawDogs'' and using a hangman's noose as a playground swing in ''Pat Garret and Billy the Kid''. Peckinpah seemed to believe that every passing generation became worse and less moral than the previous one, which this symbolised.
* CulturedBadass: A rough-and-tumble, hard-drinking man's man with a deep appreciation for art and classical literature (Hemingway, Melville and Shakespeare being particular favorites).
* {{Gorn}}: They are pretty violent even today, so by older standards, they count as this trope.
* NewOldWest: Seen in ''Film/TheWildBunch,'' ''Film/JuniorBonner'', and ''Film/BringMeTheHeadOfAlfredoGarcia''.
* RatedMForManly: Masculinity, violence and revenge are common themes. The dark and nihilistic tone of his films is sometimes read as a {{deconstruction}} of the trope.
* RomanticismVersusEnlightenment: Firmly romantic in all of his movies, most of them being about rogues who find that there's NoPlaceForMeThere in a more modern world. The most terrifying character in all of his movies is David Sumner, a mathematician who represents the cold, emotionless, force of order and civilization who gradually becomes dehumanized as he asserts his power over a bunch of thuggish crooks.
* SlidingScaleOfIdealismVsCynicism: He fell deeply onto the "cynicism" side of the spectrum, becoming nihilistic in the process.
* SociopathicHero: ''The Wild Bunch'' themselves, David Sumner, and Warren Oates' character in ''Alfredo Garcia''.
* TwilightOfTheOldWest: The end of the WildWest and the beginning of the Modern Age is a common theme in many of his best-known films like ''Film/RideTheHighCountry'', ''Film/TheWildBunch'', and ''Film/TheBalladOfCableHogue''.
* TheWestern: Many, obviously, but perhaps notably, his film Westerns are almost exclusively set in the TwilightOfTheOldWest or the NewOldWest rather than the "classic" period.