[[caption-width-right:256:And this is one of his ''least'' insane moments.]]

->''"Some may never live, but the crazy never die."''

-> ''"I hate to advocate drugs, alcohol, violence, or insanity to anyone, but they've always worked for me."''

Hunter Stockton Thompson (July 18, 1937 February 20, 2005) was the [[AbstractApotheosis living embodiment]] of [[TheSixties the Sixties]], as well as an American journalist and novelist. He is credited with creating GonzoJournalism, being one of the main reasons ''Magazine/RollingStone'' Magazine lasted long enough to become an institution instead of folding early like many other such mags (there's a reason he's ''still'' on the masthead), and being one of the most scathing, conniving, and vicious political writers in recent history. Though he started out in sports writing and remained well-rooted in it up to his death, his political journalism is what he will be remembered for. Of course, he was quite able to meld the two, frequently including references to sports in his political writing, and vice versa; [[UsefulNotes/AmericanFootball pro football]], a passion he shared with [[UnknownRival self-declared]] ArchEnemy UsefulNotes/RichardNixon, provided particularly fertile ground. (Thompson scored a rare one-on-one interview with Nixon with the sole constraint that football would be the only topic of discussion.)

His published bibliography, both pre-and-posthumous, consists of nearly twenty books (a number of which are collections of his journalism work and personal letters), the most famous being his first three: in order, ''Hell's Angels: A Strange And Terrible Saga'', ''[[Literature/FearAndLoathingInLasVegas Fear and Loathing in Las Vegas: A Savage Journey to the Heart of the American Dream]]'', and ''Fear And Loathing On The Campaign Trail '72''. He was a larger-than-life figure given to shocking society into awareness of his points and who was convinced that the American Dream was dying around him. He was also one of the heaviest opponents of President UsefulNotes/RichardNixon, and the founding author of Magazine/RollingStone's National Affairs Desk. He [[AteHisGun shot]] [[SuicideIsPainless himself]] in 2005. He was cremated and -- per his wishes -- his ashes were shot out of a cannon of his own design, built on his property in Woody Creek, Colorado and paid for by his close friend Creator/JohnnyDepp.

Thompson, as a journalist and a reporter, was different because he put so much of himself into the work, both mentally and physically. His research for ''Hell's Angels'', for example, began with him riding with a chapter of the infamous bike gang for a full year and concluded with him getting the shit kicked out of him by the same.

Thompson's infamous "Gonzo journalism" was created after he wrote a 1970 article on the Kentucky Derby, "The Kentucky Derby Is Decadent and Depraved", and is notable for large amounts of stream-of-consciousness writing and also for being, as a rule, almost completely unedited. This is one of the reasons, according to Thompson, that his much-vaunted ''Fear and Loathing in Las Vegas'' novel is in fact one of the worst examples of Gonzo journalism he ever wrote (importance as a novel notwithstanding), because it was not published raw, although he himself said in the case of ''Fear and Loathing'', editing was a necessary evil, since parts of the original, unedited novel were for all intents and purposes, un-publishable. Even the edited version has a chapter in it that is nearly incomprehensible gibberish.

Possibly better-known than Thompson himself is his thinly-veiled alter-ego, "Raoul Duke", who, in addition to "starring" in ''Las Vegas'' occasionally made appearances in Magazine/RollingStone heading the magazine's fictional Sports Desk. (Incidentally, Duke is also still listed on the ''Rolling Stone'' masthead, along with Thompson's longtime illustrator Ralph Steadman -- who is in turn credited as Gardening correspondent.)

He is remembered through two expies: Spider Jerusalem from ''ComicBook/{{Transmetropolitan}}'' and Uncle Duke from ''ComicStrip/{{Doonesbury}}''. He is also parodied by the character Col. Hunter Gathers on ''WesternAnimation/TheVentureBrothers''.

His life has been the subject of three films so far: ''Film/WhereTheBuffaloRoam'' (1980, starring Creator/BillMurray as Thompson), ''Literature/FearAndLoathingInLasVegas'' (1998, starring Creator/JohnnyDepp as "Raoul Duke", and with a cameo by Hunter himself), and ''Film/TheRumDiary'' (2011, starring Creator/JohnnyDepp once again, this time as another alter-ego, "Paul Kemp").

'''The Eulogy of the American Dream'''

* ''Hell's Angels: A Strange and Terrible Saga'' (1966)
* ''Literature/FearAndLoathingInLasVegas: A Savage Journey to the Heart of the American Dream'' (1971)
* ''Fear and Loathing: On the Campaign Trail '72'' (1973)
* ''Gonzo Papers, Vol. 1: The Great Shark Hunt: Strange Tales from a Strange Time'' (1979)
* ''The Curse of Lono'' (1983) (illustrated by Ralph Steadman, Thompson's long-standing partner in crime)
* ''Gonzo Papers, Vol. 2: Generation of Swine: Tales of Shame and Degradation in the '80s'' (1988)
* ''Gonzo Papers, Vol. 3: Songs of the Doomed: More Notes on the Death of the American Dream'' (1990)
* ''Gonzo Papers, Vol. 4: Better Than Sex: Confessions of a Political Junkie'' (1994)
* ''The Fear and Loathing Letters, Vol. 1: The Proud Highway: The Saga of a Desperate Southern Gentleman 1955/1967'' (1997)
* ''Mistah Leary - He Dead'' (chapbook, 1997)
* ''Literature/TheRumDiary: A Novel'' (though written in the early 1960's, not published until 1998; [[Film/TheRumDiary made into a movie]] in 2011)
* ''The Fear and Loathing Letters, Vol. 2: Fear and Loathing in America: The Brutal Odyssey of an Outlaw Journalist 1968/1976'' (first appeared as a collection of papers in ''Time'' magazine, 1997) (first published in 2000)
* ''Screw-Jack & Other Stories'' (2000)
* ''Kingdom of Fear: Loathsome Secrets of a Star-Crossed Child in the Final Days of the American Century'' (2003)
* ''Fire in the Nuts'' (2004)
* ''Hey Rube: Blood Sport, the Bush Doctrine, and the Downward Spiral of Dumbness -- Modern History from the Sports Desk'' (2004)
* ''Happy Birthday, Creator/JackNicholson'' (2005)
* ''GONZO: Photographs By Hunter S. Thompson'' (2006)
* ''The Mutineer: Rants, Ravings, and Missives from the Mountaintop 1977-2005'' (Still unpublished because of the [[ScrewedByTheLawyers bastard lawyers]])