Whoever gets the power has to fix all the things that the previous leader supposedly screwed up. But, actually the previous leader did not screw it all up. They are still "good" - not hero-turned-villain. It is just that the winner writes history.
- In Traffic, general Ralph Landry gives his successor as the head of President's Office of National Drug Control Policy the following advice:
You know, when they forced Khrushchev out, he sat down and wrote two letters to his successor. He said: "When you get yourself into a situation you can't get out of, open the first letter, and you'll be safe. When you get yourself into another situation you can't get out of, open the second letter". Well, soon enough, this guy found himself into a tight place, so he opened the first letter. Which said: "Blame everything on me". So he blames the old man, it worked like a charm. He got himself into a second situation he couldn't get out of, he opened the second letter. It said: "Sit down, and write two letters".
- Napoleon in Animal Farm blames everything that goes wrong on his former co-leader Snowball - an allegory for Stalin's propaganda campaign against Trotsky in the early Soviet Union.
- Futurama had Steve Castle blame all the company's previous failures on Professor Farnsworth in the episode "Future Stock"