In Real Life
, spiders tend to be rather lonely creatures. A lot of species have females eating their males after breeding
, and, in many case, the mother herself ends up eaten by her own children once they hatch.
In fiction, though, things tend to be different. It's not uncommon, especially in a Science Fiction
or Fantasy setting, to despict a species of (often but not necessarly) Giant Spiders
that attack in large number, or even live in colony, the same way ants, termites and bees do. They will often have a "Spider Queen", which they protect and which will be often much bigger than they are. And they will have eggs, a lot
of eggs, that can hatch anytime, unleashing entire swarms of small spiders on you
The reason for this trope is quite obvious. Spiders Are Scary
, so an entire colony of spiders will be even scarier, much more so than one of giant ants or termites. There is also the fact a spider nest can easily be imagined as filling the role of a hive for bees.
A very common trope in Video Games
, where spiders are typically featured as small but numerous ennemies who obey to a bigger one.
Notice that the trope, while it can
be a case of Artistic License – Biology
or Critical Research Failure
, can also be, to an extent, justified if the species of spiders involved is fictional. Also, as noted in the Real Life
section of this page, this trope actually is, to some extent, Truth in Television
: there are
species of spiders that are social, just not to the extent presented in fiction.
A subtrope to Giant Spider
. Can arguably be related to Horde of Alien Locusts
- In The Future Is Wild, one of the speculative future creatures is the Silver Spider, which has a similar eusocial caste system to ants or bees.
- Thorgal once runs into a woman whose true form is a Giant Spider due to a curse, who can control her tens of thousands of children.
- The Underland Chronicles by Suzanne Collins has a species of spiders called "Spinners" living as an entire race.
- In Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets, the giant spiders (also known as Acromantulas) appear to be social, although instead of a queen, they are led by an elderly male spider named Aragog. It's explicitly stated that Aragog had a bride, so apparently, Acromantulas females don't feed on their male.
- In The Hobbit, one area of Mirkwood forest was full of intelligent talking spiders who all lived together in the trees and cooperatively hunted prey.
- The Spiders in Lost in Space appears to be collective, or at least attack in large number.
- Played Up to Eleven in Arachnophobia. The Venezuelan spider species presented in the film consists mostly of drones that lack sex organs, and they have a hive with a queen similarily to bees or ants. It is implied that if let to breed freely, the spiders would eventually give birth to a new queen capable of birthing fertile offspring, eventually leading to the whole world being overrun by the extremely aggressive and venomous strain of spiders.
- In Raiders of the Lost Ark, As Indy and Satipo are exploring the South American temple, Satipo's back becomes covered with tarantulas, which Indy brushes off. Tarantulas are usually solitary.
- Part of the course in Eight Legged Freaks.
- The entire premise of Kingdom of the Spiders is the fact that the use of DDT has caused spiders to do this and swarm a town.
- Dungeons & Dragons: Early editions had a variety of giant spiders, all of whom appeared in packs. The maximum number varied by type, including Huge spiders (up to 12) and Large (up to 20).
- Diablo III
- One level has you going through a cave full of Spiders that follow this trope under every aspect. The Witch-Doctor is delighted.
- Talking about the Witch-Doctor, one of his/her spells actually involve summoning swarms of spiders. At highter levels, it can summon a Spider Queen that spawns armies of smaller spiders.
- Nerubians in Warcraft III are spider-men with a social structure, with Queens and Spider Lords as the most powerful units. Though they're more of a mishmash of various arthropods including spiders, beetles and mantids.
- The Elder Scrolls V: Skyrim
- While they aren't explicitly stated as collective creatures, and no Queen has been featured yet, you usually meet Frosbite Spiders in large numbers. They usually are met by group of five, but you can easily meet several groups in the same dungeon, as well as one giant one as an occasional boss.
- Then Dragonborn gives us the Albino Spiders and their variants, which are all significantly smaller but much more numerous than the Frostbites.
- In Don't Starve, the spider enemies live in a spider nest, attack all together, and a nest can spawn a "Spider Queen" who spawns spider followers.
- In Metro: Last Light, Artyom encounters nests of Spiderbugs, Giant Spider-scorpion hybrids who are Weakened by the Light. A few rounds of flashlight tag and they're Flipping Helpless.
- Twilight Princess: The Temple of Time dungeon is infested with tiny baby spiders watched over by four-legged spiders. After defeating the Giant Spider Armoghoma, it drops to the floor, surrounded by a swarm of the tiny spiders.
- Some real life spider species actually are social, but not to the extent of eusocial insects (like bees, ants, and termites). These species will band together in colonies, cooperate in capturing prey, share food, and communally watch over their eggs. A few species even have division of labor between dominant, reproductive females and subordinate females that only occasionally reproduce—whether this constitutes true eusociality is under debate by biologists.