History UsefulNotes / Turkey

2nd Jan '16 12:21:38 AM jormis29
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Turkey, as the Ottoman Empire, was initially neutral during WorldWarOne. Before the conflict, it was being wooed by Imperial Germany, who invested heavily in Turkey, created the Berlin-Baghdad railway (Iraq and most of the Middle East being a part of the Ottoman Empire at that time) and helped modernise the Ottoman army. After the British forcefully requisitioned two warships ordered by the Ottoman Government, Turkey fell further into the orbit of the Central Powers, and officially joined the war after a German FalseFlagOperation. During WorldWarOne, Turkey fought mainly against the British Empire and her colonies/dominions like Australia, New Zealand, India and Canada in the Middle East and on the Gallipoli peninsula. The Gallipoli Campaign is notable for being a pilgrimage site for Australians and New Zealanders due to the involvement of the [[UsefulNotes/{{Australia}} ANZACs]], as popularised in the Creator/MelGibson film ''Gallipoli''. Similarly, the war in the Middle East became famous for the actions of T. E. Lawrence (of LawrenceOfArabia fame), who incited the Great Arab Revolt which saw the Arabic territories of the Ottoman Empire revolt against their Turkish masters. Unfortunately, this ended as a FullCircleRevolution for the Arabs, who were promised a unified, independent Arab State but were instead placed under the control of the British and French empires. Turkey also put up a very weak fight against the Russians, owing to their Supreme Commander - Enver Pasha - being a ModernMajorGeneral with delusions of conquering Central Asia. Like Napoleon before him and Hitler after him, Enver Pasha made the sad mistake of trying to invade in ''winter''. The Russo-Turkish conflict was one of the few theatres of the First World War where the Russian Army did well against an opponent. Fortunately for them, the Turks were saved by the collapse of the Tsarist regime and UsefulNotes/RedOctober. Less fortunately for them, the Central Powers still ended up losing, and the Ottoman Empire soon lost all its territory outwith Anatolia and Thrace.
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Turkey, as the Ottoman Empire, was initially neutral during WorldWarOne. Before the conflict, it was being wooed by Imperial Germany, who invested heavily in Turkey, created the Berlin-Baghdad railway (Iraq and most of the Middle East being a part of the Ottoman Empire at that time) and helped modernise the Ottoman army. After the British forcefully requisitioned two warships ordered by the Ottoman Government, Turkey fell further into the orbit of the Central Powers, and officially joined the war after a German FalseFlagOperation. During WorldWarOne, Turkey fought mainly against the British Empire and her colonies/dominions like Australia, New Zealand, India and Canada in the Middle East and on the Gallipoli peninsula. The Gallipoli Campaign is notable for being a pilgrimage site for Australians and New Zealanders due to the involvement of the [[UsefulNotes/{{Australia}} ANZACs]], as popularised in the Creator/MelGibson film ''Gallipoli''.''Film/{{Gallipoli}}''. Similarly, the war in the Middle East became famous for the actions of T. E. Lawrence (of LawrenceOfArabia fame), who incited the Great Arab Revolt which saw the Arabic territories of the Ottoman Empire revolt against their Turkish masters. Unfortunately, this ended as a FullCircleRevolution for the Arabs, who were promised a unified, independent Arab State but were instead placed under the control of the British and French empires. Turkey also put up a very weak fight against the Russians, owing to their Supreme Commander - Enver Pasha - being a ModernMajorGeneral with delusions of conquering Central Asia. Like Napoleon before him and Hitler after him, Enver Pasha made the sad mistake of trying to invade in ''winter''. The Russo-Turkish conflict was one of the few theatres of the First World War where the Russian Army did well against an opponent. Fortunately for them, the Turks were saved by the collapse of the Tsarist regime and UsefulNotes/RedOctober. Less fortunately for them, the Central Powers still ended up losing, and the Ottoman Empire soon lost all its territory outwith Anatolia and Thrace.
27th Dec '15 4:44:18 PM Eievie
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* ''Series/MagnificentCentury'' is a PeriodDrama SoapOpera based on the life of the Ottoman Emperor Suleyman II.
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* ''Series/MagnificentCentury'' (''Muhteşem Yüzyıl'') is a PeriodDrama SoapOpera based on the life of the Ottoman Emperor Suleyman Süleyman II.
12th Dec '15 11:41:25 AM Morgenthaler
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* ''Series/MagnificentCentury'' is a PeriodDrama SoapOpera based on the life of the Ottoman Emperor Suleyman II.
23rd Nov '15 6:32:44 AM amateur55
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-->--'''Mustafa Kemal Ataturk''', now the motto of the Republic of Turkey
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-->--'''Mustafa Kemal Ataturk''', Atatürk''', now the motto of the Republic of Turkey
19th Oct '15 11:10:30 AM JamesAustin
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-->''"Peace at home, peace in the world."'' -->-'''Mustafa Kemal Ataturk''', now the motto of the Republic of Turkey
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-->''"Peace ->''"Peace at home, peace in the world."'' -->-'''Mustafa -->--'''Mustafa Kemal Ataturk''', now the motto of the Republic of Turkey
5th Sep '15 8:18:19 PM nombretomado
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Turkey ('''Turkish:''' ''Türkiye''), officially known as the Republic of Turkey ('''Turkish:''' ''Türkiye Cumhuriyeti'') one of a few countries spanning multiple continents. {{NATO}} member and applicant to UsefulNotes/TheEuropeanUnion.
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Turkey ('''Turkish:''' ''Türkiye''), officially known as the Republic of Turkey ('''Turkish:''' ''Türkiye Cumhuriyeti'') one of a few countries spanning multiple continents. {{NATO}} UsefulNotes/{{NATO}} member and applicant to UsefulNotes/TheEuropeanUnion.

Turkey famously [[ArchEnemy doesn't get along with Greece]] very well (Greek and Turkish minorities in both countries were expelled and exchanged in the 20th century), though they've been forced to co-operate a bit by both being in {{NATO}}. The Cyprus Question is just the most modern bone of contention. To make a long story short, Greece - when it was still an authoritarian state - made moves towards annexing Cyprus, prompting Turkey to invade and occupy the northern portion of Cyprus, which has a large Turkish population. Since then, Turkey has attempted to get it recognized as an independent country (Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus), distinct from the Greek-majority Republic of Cyprus. A [[TakeAThirdOption third option]] has been to unify the two countries as a federation. The latest attempt at this was by the UN, who proposed a United Cypriot Republic under the Annan Plan. In a 2004 referendum, 64% of Turkish Cypriots voted in favour of the plan, but it was shot down by the Greek Cypriots, with 76% of them voting against the plan. Since then, unification talks have stalled.
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Turkey famously [[ArchEnemy doesn't get along with Greece]] very well (Greek and Turkish minorities in both countries were expelled and exchanged in the 20th century), though they've been forced to co-operate a bit by both being in {{NATO}}.UsefulNotes/{{NATO}}. The Cyprus Question is just the most modern bone of contention. To make a long story short, Greece - when it was still an authoritarian state - made moves towards annexing Cyprus, prompting Turkey to invade and occupy the northern portion of Cyprus, which has a large Turkish population. Since then, Turkey has attempted to get it recognized as an independent country (Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus), distinct from the Greek-majority Republic of Cyprus. A [[TakeAThirdOption third option]] has been to unify the two countries as a federation. The latest attempt at this was by the UN, who proposed a United Cypriot Republic under the Annan Plan. In a 2004 referendum, 64% of Turkish Cypriots voted in favour of the plan, but it was shot down by the Greek Cypriots, with 76% of them voting against the plan. Since then, unification talks have stalled.
29th Jun '15 12:05:36 AM skbl17
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Correcting some positions.
Turkey should not be compared with the rest of the Middle East. It doesn't use Arabic script (Which hasn't been used in Turkey since 1928) or language, the country is ''strictly'' secular (the favourite national flamewar is over wearing headscarves in public) and it's culturally somewhat different. It is Muslim, true, but if a leader says so too loudly he risks military take-over by the "Guardian of Secularism", the army. This has happened multiple times for Islam, Communism, what ever the current ideology the Army doesn't like. Recently, however, this trend has changed; the latest indication of a coup attempt lead to a strong public backlash against the Armed Forces. It seems that the Turkish military is no longer a viable force in politics.
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Turkey should not be compared with the rest of the Middle East. It doesn't use the Arabic script (Which hasn't been used in Turkey since 1928) or language, the country is ''strictly'' secular (the favourite national flamewar is over wearing headscarves in public) and it's culturally somewhat different. It is Muslim, true, but if a leader says so too loudly he risks military take-over by the "Guardian of Secularism", the army. This has happened multiple times for Islam, Communism, what ever the current ideology the Army doesn't like. Recently, however, this trend has changed; the latest indication of a coup attempt lead to a strong public backlash against the Armed Forces. It seems that the Turkish military is no longer a viable force in politics.

Turkey was also the only Islamic state to have friendly relations with Israel, it had briefly deteriorated quickly in 2010, due to a certain incident involving a certain flotilla bound for a certain strip of territory in the Levant. Israel's president Benjamin Netanyahu eventually apologized for the raid almost three years later, and ties had been brought to normal.
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Turkey was also the only Islamic state to have friendly relations with Israel, it had briefly deteriorated quickly in 2010, due to a certain incident involving a certain flotilla bound for a certain strip of territory in the Levant. Israel's president prime minister Benjamin Netanyahu eventually apologized for the raid almost three years later, and ties had been brought to normal.
26th May '15 3:51:59 PM Random888
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* The Turks are the "bad guys" in ''Film/LawrenceOfArabia'', which portrays the Ottoman Empire as (appropriately enough) TheEmpire and the Arab Revolt as LaResistance. The Turks themselves don't actually appear in the movie very much except as {{Mooks}}, the film's focus being on Lawrence's relationship with the Arabs and with his British superiors. The only non-Mook Turkish character is a TortureTechnician, played by José Ferrer and [[EveryoneCallsHimBarkeep identified only as "the Turkish Bey"]].
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* The Turks are the "bad guys" in ''Film/LawrenceOfArabia'', which portrays the Ottoman Empire as (appropriately enough) TheEmpire and the Arab Revolt as LaResistance. The Turks themselves don't actually appear in the movie very much except as {{Mooks}}, the film's movie's focus being on Lawrence's relationship with the Arabs and with his British superiors.superiors, the Turks themselves don't actually appear very much except as {{Mooks}}. The only non-Mook Turkish character is a TortureTechnician, played by José Ferrer and [[EveryoneCallsHimBarkeep identified only as "the Turkish Bey"]].
26th May '15 3:51:02 PM Random888
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* The Turks are the "bad guys" in ''Film/LawrenceOfArabia'', which portrays the Ottoman Empire as (appropriately enough) TheEmpire and the Arab Revolt as LaResistance. The Turks themselves don't actually appear in the movie very much except as {{Mooks}}. The only non-Mook Turkish character is a TortureTechnician, played by José Ferrer and [[EveryoneCallsHimBarkeep identified only as "the Turkish Bey"]].
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* The Turks are the "bad guys" in ''Film/LawrenceOfArabia'', which portrays the Ottoman Empire as (appropriately enough) TheEmpire and the Arab Revolt as LaResistance. The Turks themselves don't actually appear in the movie very much except as {{Mooks}}.{{Mooks}}, the film's focus being on Lawrence's relationship with the Arabs and with his British superiors. The only non-Mook Turkish character is a TortureTechnician, played by José Ferrer and [[EveryoneCallsHimBarkeep identified only as "the Turkish Bey"]].
26th May '15 3:43:07 PM Random888
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* The Turks are the "bad guys" in ''Film/LawrenceOfArabia'', which portrays the Ottoman Empire as (appropriately enough) TheEmpire and the Arab Revolt as LaResistance. However, the movie also suggests that UsefulNotes/TheBritishEmpire, which Lawrence is ultimately working for, is NotSoDifferent from the Turkish one.
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* The Turks are the "bad guys" in ''Film/LawrenceOfArabia'', which portrays the Ottoman Empire as (appropriately enough) TheEmpire and the Arab Revolt as LaResistance. However, The Turks themselves don't actually appear in the movie also suggests that UsefulNotes/TheBritishEmpire, which Lawrence is ultimately working for, is NotSoDifferent from the very much except as {{Mooks}}. The only non-Mook Turkish one. character is a TortureTechnician, played by José Ferrer and [[EveryoneCallsHimBarkeep identified only as "the Turkish Bey"]].
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