History UsefulNotes / Turkey

7th May '16 9:29:11 PM Dimas28
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Turkey should not be compared with the rest of the Middle East. It doesn't use the Arabic script (Which hasn't been used in Turkey since 1928) or language, the country is ''strictly'' secular (the favourite national flamewar is over wearing headscarves in public) and it's culturally somewhat different. It is Muslim, true, but if a leader says so too loudly he risks military take-over by the "Guardian of Secularism", the army. This has happened multiple times for Islam, Communism, what ever the current ideology the Army doesn't like. Recently, however, this trend has changed; the latest indication of a coup attempt lead to a strong public backlash against the Armed Forces. It seems that the Turkish military is no longer a viable force in politics.

Historically, Turkey is synonymous with the Ottoman Empire, which was in fact referred to as the "Turkish Empire" or "Imperium Turcicum" by its contemporaries. Since the end of the Turkish Empire, this period has become known as the Ottoman or Osmanic Empire, just as the Eastern Roman Empire has become known as the Byzantine Empire. At its height, the Ottoman Empire spanned three continents and controlled vast swathes of North Africa, Eastern Europe, the Balkans and the Middle East. It's main opponents for most of its lifetime were the Habsburgs and the Venetians; the former finally turned the tables on the Turks following the last siege of Vienna while the latter were eventually rendered powerless by the Italian Wars of 1494-1559. In the last centuries of its life, the Ottoman Empire also came into conflict with the Russian Empire, who made some serious gains in the Caucasus. Following the First World War, the empire collapsed, but the institution of the Turkish Sultan actually outlived the Habsburg Emperor and the Russian Tsar by around four years. During its life, the Ottoman Empire served as the BigBad for Christendom, since it had destroyed the Byzantine Empire and made rapid gains into Europe. The only ally it had in Europe was France, who was squeezed on all sides by Habsburg possessions.

Turkey, as the Ottoman Empire, was initially neutral during WorldWarOne. Before the conflict, it was being wooed by Imperial Germany, who invested heavily in Turkey, created the Berlin-Baghdad railway (Iraq and most of the Middle East being a part of the Ottoman Empire at that time) and helped modernise the Ottoman army. After the British forcefully requisitioned two warships ordered by the Ottoman Government, Turkey fell further into the orbit of the Central Powers, and officially joined the war after a German FalseFlagOperation. During WorldWarOne, Turkey fought mainly against the British Empire and her colonies/dominions like Australia, New Zealand, India and Canada in the Middle East and on the Gallipoli peninsula. The Gallipoli Campaign is notable for being a pilgrimage site for Australians and New Zealanders due to the involvement of the [[UsefulNotes/{{Australia}} ANZACs]], as popularised in the Creator/MelGibson film ''Film/{{Gallipoli}}''. Similarly, the war in the Middle East became famous for the actions of T. E. Lawrence (of LawrenceOfArabia fame), who incited the Great Arab Revolt which saw the Arabic territories of the Ottoman Empire revolt against their Turkish masters. Unfortunately, this ended as a FullCircleRevolution for the Arabs, who were promised a unified, independent Arab State but were instead placed under the control of the British and French empires. Turkey also put up a very weak fight against the Russians, owing to their Supreme Commander - Enver Pasha - being a ModernMajorGeneral with delusions of conquering Central Asia. Like Napoleon before him and Hitler after him, Enver Pasha made the sad mistake of trying to invade in ''winter''. The Russo-Turkish conflict was one of the few theatres of the First World War where the Russian Army did well against an opponent. Fortunately for them, the Turks were saved by the collapse of the Tsarist regime and UsefulNotes/RedOctober. Less fortunately for them, the Central Powers still ended up losing, and the Ottoman Empire soon lost all its territory outwith Anatolia and Thrace.

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Turkey should not be compared with the rest of the Middle East. It doesn't use the Arabic script (Which (which hasn't been used in Turkey since 1928) or language, the country is ''strictly'' secular (the favourite national flamewar is over wearing headscarves in public) and it's culturally somewhat different. It is Muslim, true, but if a leader says so too loudly he risks military take-over by the "Guardian of Secularism", the army. This has happened multiple times for Islam, Communism, what ever the current ideology the Army doesn't like. Recently, however, this trend has changed; the latest indication of a coup attempt lead to a strong public backlash against the Armed Forces. It seems that the Turkish military is no longer a viable force in politics.

Historically, Turkey is synonymous with the Ottoman Empire, which was in fact referred to as the "Turkish Empire" or "Imperium Turcicum" by its contemporaries. Since the end of the Turkish Empire, this period has become known as the Ottoman or Osmanic Empire, just as the Eastern Roman Empire has become known as the Byzantine Empire. At its height, the Ottoman Empire spanned three continents and controlled vast swathes of North Africa, Eastern Europe, the Balkans and the Middle East. It's Its main opponents for most of its lifetime were the Habsburgs and the Venetians; the former finally turned the tables on the Turks following the last siege of Vienna while the latter were eventually rendered powerless by the Italian Wars of 1494-1559. In the last centuries of its life, the Ottoman Empire also came into conflict with the Russian Empire, who made some serious gains in the Caucasus. Following the First World War, the empire collapsed, but the institution of the Turkish Sultan actually outlived the Habsburg Emperor and the Russian Tsar by around four years. During its life, the Ottoman Empire served as the BigBad for Christendom, since it had destroyed the Byzantine Empire and made rapid gains into Europe. The only ally it had in Europe was France, who was squeezed on all sides by Habsburg possessions.

possessions. That's not to say that the Christendom was the Empire's only enemies though; on the eastern side, the empire also had a famously heated rivalry with Persia's Safavid and later Qajar dynasties. In fact, Persia's conversion to Shia Islam is thought of as a way to [[BatmanGambit defend themselves from being integrated]] into the Sunni Muslim Ottoman Empire (which had controlled much of the Middle East and is threatening to encroach further east).

Turkey, as the Ottoman Empire, was initially neutral during WorldWarOne. Before the conflict, it was being wooed by Imperial Germany, who invested heavily in Turkey, created the Berlin-Baghdad railway (Iraq and most of the Middle East being a part of the Ottoman Empire at that time) and helped modernise the Ottoman army. After the British forcefully requisitioned two warships ordered by the Ottoman Government, Turkey fell further into the orbit of the Central Powers, and officially joined the war after a German FalseFlagOperation. During WorldWarOne, Turkey fought mainly against the British Empire and her colonies/dominions like Australia, New Zealand, India and Canada in the Middle East and on the Gallipoli peninsula. The Gallipoli Campaign is notable for being a pilgrimage site for Australians and New Zealanders due to the involvement of the [[UsefulNotes/{{Australia}} ANZACs]], as popularised in the Creator/MelGibson film ''Film/{{Gallipoli}}''. Similarly, the war in the Middle East became famous for the actions of T. E. Lawrence (of LawrenceOfArabia fame), who incited the Great Arab Revolt which saw the Arabic Arab territories of the Ottoman Empire revolt against their Turkish masters. Unfortunately, this ended as a FullCircleRevolution for the Arabs, who were promised a unified, independent Arab State but were instead placed under the control of the British and French empires. Turkey also put up a very weak fight against the Russians, owing to their Supreme Commander - Enver Pasha - being a ModernMajorGeneral with delusions of conquering Central Asia. Like Napoleon before him and Hitler after him, Enver Pasha made the sad mistake of trying to invade in ''winter''. The Russo-Turkish conflict was one of the few theatres of the First World War where the Russian Army did well against an opponent. Fortunately for them, the Turks were saved by the collapse of the Tsarist regime and UsefulNotes/RedOctober. Less fortunately for them, the Central Powers still ended up losing, and the Ottoman Empire soon lost all its territory outwith Anatolia and Thrace.



Turkey was also the only Islamic state to have friendly relations with Israel, it had briefly deteriorated quickly in 2010, due to a certain incident involving a certain flotilla bound for a certain strip of territory in the Levant. Israel's prime minister Benjamin Netanyahu eventually apologized for the raid almost three years later, and ties had been brought to normal.

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Turkey was is also one of the only Islamic state few Muslim-majority countries to have friendly relations with Israel[[note]]...actually, this is kind of an understatement. There are many Muslim countries amicable to Israel, like fellow Turkic nations Azerbaijan and Kazakhstan (ignore what Film/{{Borat}}'s saying) and the non-Arab Muslim African states. The significance of the Arab-Israeli War and the "Arab = Muslim" mentality is what caused this sentiment to grow.[[/note]], it had briefly deteriorated quickly in 2010, due to a certain incident involving a certain flotilla bound for a certain strip of territory in the Levant. Israel's prime minister Benjamin Netanyahu eventually apologized for the raid almost three years later, and ties had been brought to normal.



* Mustafa Kemal Ataturk. The founding father of modern Turkey. An extremely capable military officer in the army during WWI who went on to create the Republic of Turkey and serve as its first President. His ideology, called Kemalism, is a key element of the Turkish constitution. Do not insult him in Turkey or risk prosecution.

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* Mustafa Kemal Ataturk. The founding father of modern Turkey. An extremely capable military officer in the army during WWI who went on to create the Republic of Turkey and serve as its first President. His Modernized and secularized the backward Ottoman Empire into something resembling more of the modern state through his ideology, called Kemalism, which is a key element of the Turkish constitution. Saying that he is highly regarded within the country is akin to saying that [[{{Understatement}} a desert is a little dry]]; a specific hour within a year is set up for every Turkish citizens to remember him in silence.[[note]] Literally ''everyone''. Even if you're driving, you need to pull over.[[/note]] Do not insult him in Turkey or risk prosecution.



* In ''Literature/DanBrownsInferno'', [[spoiler: Sienna]] attempts to release the [[spoiler: [[SterilityPlague Sterility]]]] [[ThePlague Plague]] in the waters of Basilica Cistern, the underground receptacle of Hagia Sophia, while Langdon and Dr. Sinskey try to prevent [[spoiler: her]] from doing so. [[spoiler: She succeeds, but that's because [[ShaggyDogStory it's already been released since a week ago]].

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* ''Literature/OrlandoABiography'' has some of its parts set in Constantinople (the novel is set long before IstanbulNotConstantinople had taken place). The 1992 film adaptation [[CaliforniaDoubling shot the scenes in Uzbekistan, though]].
* ''Film/{{Topkapi}}'' has a con artist having to serve as a double agent for a heist gang and the Turkish police, all for a priceless Ottoman relic stored in the Topkapı Palace.
* ''Film/MidnightExpress'' follows an American attempting to escape the Turkish prison, having been imprisoned there due to trying to smuggle hashish out of the country.
* ''Film/FromRussiaWithLove'''s first two-thirds is set in Istanbul. Bond needs to retrieve a cryptographic device from a Soviet defector in the Soviet consulate.
* Bond returns to Istanbul in ''Film/TheWorldIsNotEnough'' to [[spoiler: stop Elektra from attempting to detonate the nuclear bomb on the city, which will sabotage the Russian oil pipelines while increasing the value of her oil.]]
* And ''Film/{{Skyfall}}'' opens with Bond and Moneypenny tracking a mercenary in Istanbul.
* ''[[Film/{{Taken}} Taken 2]]'': the Albanian mafia leader follows the main protagonist to Istanbul to [[YouKilledMyFather avenge the death of his son]], who kidnapped the latter's daughter in the previous film.
* ''Film/{{Hitman}}''
* ''Film/TheInternational''
* In ''Literature/DanBrownsInferno'', [[spoiler: Sienna]] attempts to release the [[spoiler: [[SterilityPlague Sterility]]]] [[ThePlague Plague]] in the waters of Basilica Cistern, the underground receptacle of Hagia Sophia, while Langdon and Dr. Sinskey try to prevent [[spoiler: her]] from doing so. [[spoiler: She succeeds, but that's because [[ShaggyDogStory it's already been released since a week ago]].ago]]]].
* ''Film/TheWaterDiviner'' follows the titular water diviner as he travels to Anatolia to recover the bodies of his sons, who were soldiers during the Battle of Gallipoli, in interwar Turkey.
* ''Film/IndianaJonesAndTheLastCrusade'' is set in Hatay, as mentioned above, the province hosting Antioch.



* ''Film/IndianaJonesAndTheLastCrusade'' is set in Hatay, as mentioned above, the province hosting Antioch.

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* ''Film/IndianaJonesAndTheLastCrusade'' is set in Hatay, as mentioned above, the province hosting Antioch.
5th May '16 2:14:22 PM MeekGazelle
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* TheDCU has Selma Tolon, a [[UsefulNotes/TheRedCross Red Crescent]] doctor who fights crime in Ankara as "[[CaptainPatriotic the Janissary]]." She wields the Flaming Scimitar of Suleiman the Magnificent and recites spells from Merlin's Eternity Book, [[SuperheroOrigin both of which she obtained while aiding the injured]] after the [[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1999_%C4%B0zmit_earthquake earthquake in İzmit]]. She was created by Creator/BrianKVaughan as part of the unpopular "Planet DC" annuals series in 2000. To date, this has been her only major appearance.

to:

* TheDCU has Selma Tolon, a [[UsefulNotes/TheRedCross Red Crescent]] doctor who fights crime in Ankara as "[[CaptainPatriotic the Janissary]]." She wields the Flaming Scimitar of Suleiman the Magnificent and recites spells from Merlin's Eternity Book, [[SuperheroOrigin both of which she obtained while aiding the injured]] after the [[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1999_%C4%B0zmit_earthquake earthquake in İzmit]]. She was created by Creator/BrianKVaughan as part of the unpopular "Planet DC" annuals series in 2000. [[OneShotCharacter To date, this has been her only major appearance.appearance]].
4th May '16 11:04:36 PM MeekGazelle
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* TheDCU has Selma Tolon, a [[UsefulNotes/TheRedCross Red Crescent]] doctor who fights crime in Ankara as "[[CaptainPatriotic the Janissary]]." She wields the Flaming Scimitar of Suleiman the Magnificent and recites spells from Merlin's Eternity Book, [[SuperheroOrigin both of which she obtained while aiding the injured]] after the [[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1999_%C4%B0zmit_earthquake earthquake in İzmit]]. She was created by Creator/BrianKVaughan as part of the unpopular "Planet DC" annuals series in 2000. [[OneEpisodeWonder To date, this has been her only major appearance]].

to:

* TheDCU has Selma Tolon, a [[UsefulNotes/TheRedCross Red Crescent]] doctor who fights crime in Ankara as "[[CaptainPatriotic the Janissary]]." She wields the Flaming Scimitar of Suleiman the Magnificent and recites spells from Merlin's Eternity Book, [[SuperheroOrigin both of which she obtained while aiding the injured]] after the [[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1999_%C4%B0zmit_earthquake earthquake in İzmit]]. She was created by Creator/BrianKVaughan as part of the unpopular "Planet DC" annuals series in 2000. [[OneEpisodeWonder To date, this has been her only major appearance]].appearance.
4th May '16 10:59:11 PM MeekGazelle
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* TheDCU has Selma Tolon, a [[UsefulNotes/TheRedCross Red Crescent]] doctor who fights crime in Ankara as "[[CaptainPatriotic the Janissary]]." She wields the Flaming Scimitar of Suleiman the Magnificent and recites spells from Merlin's Eternity Book, [[SuperheroOrigin both of which she obtained while aiding the injured]] after the [[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1999_%C4%B0zmit_earthquake earthquake in İzmit]]. She was created by Creator/BrianKVaughan as part of the unpopular "Planet DC" annuals series in 2000.

to:

* TheDCU has Selma Tolon, a [[UsefulNotes/TheRedCross Red Crescent]] doctor who fights crime in Ankara as "[[CaptainPatriotic the Janissary]]." She wields the Flaming Scimitar of Suleiman the Magnificent and recites spells from Merlin's Eternity Book, [[SuperheroOrigin both of which she obtained while aiding the injured]] after the [[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1999_%C4%B0zmit_earthquake earthquake in İzmit]]. She was created by Creator/BrianKVaughan as part of the unpopular "Planet DC" annuals series in 2000. [[OneEpisodeWonder To date, this has been her only major appearance]].
3rd May '16 9:08:22 PM MeekGazelle
Is there an issue? Send a Message


* TheDCU has Selma Tolon, a [[UsefulNotes/TheRedCross Red Crescent]] doctor who fights crime in Ankara as "[[CaptainPatriotic the Janissary]]." She wields the Flaming Scimitar of Suleiman the Magnificent and recites spells from Merlin's Eternity Book, [[SuperheroOrigin both of which she obtained while aiding the injured after the earthquake in İzmit]]. She was created by Creator/BrianKVaughan as part of the unpopular "Planet DC" annuals series in 2000.

to:

* TheDCU has Selma Tolon, a [[UsefulNotes/TheRedCross Red Crescent]] doctor who fights crime in Ankara as "[[CaptainPatriotic the Janissary]]." She wields the Flaming Scimitar of Suleiman the Magnificent and recites spells from Merlin's Eternity Book, [[SuperheroOrigin both of which she obtained while aiding the injured injured]] after the [[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1999_%C4%B0zmit_earthquake earthquake in İzmit]]. She was created by Creator/BrianKVaughan as part of the unpopular "Planet DC" annuals series in 2000.
3rd May '16 8:50:51 PM MeekGazelle
Is there an issue? Send a Message


* TheDCU has Selma Tolon, a [[UsefulNotes/TheRedCross Red Crescent]] doctor who fights crime in Ankara as "[[CaptainPatriotic the Janissary]]." She wields the Flaming Scimitar of Suleiman the Magnificent and recites spells from Merlin's Eternity Book, [[SuperheroOrigin both of which she obtained while aiding the injured after an earthquake]]. She was created by Creator/BrianKVaughan as part of the unpopular "Planet DC" annuals series in 2000.

to:

* TheDCU has Selma Tolon, a [[UsefulNotes/TheRedCross Red Crescent]] doctor who fights crime in Ankara as "[[CaptainPatriotic the Janissary]]." She wields the Flaming Scimitar of Suleiman the Magnificent and recites spells from Merlin's Eternity Book, [[SuperheroOrigin both of which she obtained while aiding the injured after an earthquake]].the earthquake in İzmit]]. She was created by Creator/BrianKVaughan as part of the unpopular "Planet DC" annuals series in 2000.
17th Apr '16 6:56:05 PM MeekGazelle
Is there an issue? Send a Message


* TheDCU has Selma Tolon, a [[UsefulNotes/TheRedCross Red Crescent]] doctor who fights crime in Ankara as "[[CaptainPatriotic the Janissary]]." She wields the Flaming Scimitar of Suleiman the Magnificent and recites spells from [[Merlin]]'s Eternity Book, [[SuperheroOrigin both of which she picked up during an earthquake]].

to:

* TheDCU has Selma Tolon, a [[UsefulNotes/TheRedCross Red Crescent]] doctor who fights crime in Ankara as "[[CaptainPatriotic the Janissary]]." She wields the Flaming Scimitar of Suleiman the Magnificent and recites spells from [[Merlin]]'s Merlin's Eternity Book, [[SuperheroOrigin both of which she picked up during obtained while aiding the injured after an earthquake]].earthquake]]. She was created by Creator/BrianKVaughan as part of the unpopular "Planet DC" annuals series in 2000.
17th Apr '16 6:24:13 PM MeekGazelle
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Added DiffLines:

* TheDCU has Selma Tolon, a [[UsefulNotes/TheRedCross Red Crescent]] doctor who fights crime in Ankara as "[[CaptainPatriotic the Janissary]]." She wields the Flaming Scimitar of Suleiman the Magnificent and recites spells from [[Merlin]]'s Eternity Book, [[SuperheroOrigin both of which she picked up during an earthquake]].
15th Feb '16 4:59:48 AM Dimas28
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* Prominently featured in the New Testament, especially in the ''Literature/ActsOfTheApostles'' and the first part of ''Literature/TheBookOfRevelation'', as the ancient city of Antioch is located in Hatay province (now known as Antakya) and the latter also features the "Seven churches of Asia"[[note]] in Ephesus, Smyrna, Pergamon, Thyatira, Sardis, Philadelphia, and Laodicea (modern-day Selçuk, İzmir, Bergama, Akhisar, Sart, Alaşehir, and Denizli, respectively)[[/note]].




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* In ''Literature/DanBrownsInferno'', [[spoiler: Sienna]] attempts to release the [[spoiler: [[SterilityPlague Sterility]]]] [[ThePlague Plague]] in the waters of Basilica Cistern, the underground receptacle of Hagia Sophia, while Langdon and Dr. Sinskey try to prevent [[spoiler: her]] from doing so. [[spoiler: She succeeds, but that's because [[ShaggyDogStory it's already been released since a week ago]].
* Any depiction of the Trojan War features Turkey by implication (Troy was [[RealityIsUnrealistic a real-life city]] located in the northwestern part of Asia Minor, near modern-day Çanakkale). However, the event most probably happened centuries before Creator/{{Homer}} started writing ''Literature/TheIliad'', and Homeric Troy was very obviously written by a Greek person who certainly wanted a romanticization (it's a ''poem''); for starters, real Trojans spoke Luwian (an extinct Indo-European language), not Greek.
* Also any fiction which prominently features Mount Ararat features Turkey in implication, because, despite it being ''the'' national symbol of Armenia since forever (seriously, it's featured everywhere, from folktales, literature, paintings, emblems, coins...), it's located in Turkey (RuleOfCautiousEditingJudgment, the folks in Armenia obviously have campaigned to "recapture" it, since the chunk of land that has the mountain was hastily exchanged in 1921 between Turkey and the Soviet-controlled Armenian SSR).
* ''Film/IndianaJonesAndTheLastCrusade'' is set in Hatay, as mentioned above, the province hosting Antioch.
2nd Jan '16 12:21:38 AM jormis29
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Turkey, as the Ottoman Empire, was initially neutral during WorldWarOne. Before the conflict, it was being wooed by Imperial Germany, who invested heavily in Turkey, created the Berlin-Baghdad railway (Iraq and most of the Middle East being a part of the Ottoman Empire at that time) and helped modernise the Ottoman army. After the British forcefully requisitioned two warships ordered by the Ottoman Government, Turkey fell further into the orbit of the Central Powers, and officially joined the war after a German FalseFlagOperation. During WorldWarOne, Turkey fought mainly against the British Empire and her colonies/dominions like Australia, New Zealand, India and Canada in the Middle East and on the Gallipoli peninsula. The Gallipoli Campaign is notable for being a pilgrimage site for Australians and New Zealanders due to the involvement of the [[UsefulNotes/{{Australia}} ANZACs]], as popularised in the Creator/MelGibson film ''Gallipoli''. Similarly, the war in the Middle East became famous for the actions of T. E. Lawrence (of LawrenceOfArabia fame), who incited the Great Arab Revolt which saw the Arabic territories of the Ottoman Empire revolt against their Turkish masters. Unfortunately, this ended as a FullCircleRevolution for the Arabs, who were promised a unified, independent Arab State but were instead placed under the control of the British and French empires. Turkey also put up a very weak fight against the Russians, owing to their Supreme Commander - Enver Pasha - being a ModernMajorGeneral with delusions of conquering Central Asia. Like Napoleon before him and Hitler after him, Enver Pasha made the sad mistake of trying to invade in ''winter''. The Russo-Turkish conflict was one of the few theatres of the First World War where the Russian Army did well against an opponent. Fortunately for them, the Turks were saved by the collapse of the Tsarist regime and UsefulNotes/RedOctober. Less fortunately for them, the Central Powers still ended up losing, and the Ottoman Empire soon lost all its territory outwith Anatolia and Thrace.

to:

Turkey, as the Ottoman Empire, was initially neutral during WorldWarOne. Before the conflict, it was being wooed by Imperial Germany, who invested heavily in Turkey, created the Berlin-Baghdad railway (Iraq and most of the Middle East being a part of the Ottoman Empire at that time) and helped modernise the Ottoman army. After the British forcefully requisitioned two warships ordered by the Ottoman Government, Turkey fell further into the orbit of the Central Powers, and officially joined the war after a German FalseFlagOperation. During WorldWarOne, Turkey fought mainly against the British Empire and her colonies/dominions like Australia, New Zealand, India and Canada in the Middle East and on the Gallipoli peninsula. The Gallipoli Campaign is notable for being a pilgrimage site for Australians and New Zealanders due to the involvement of the [[UsefulNotes/{{Australia}} ANZACs]], as popularised in the Creator/MelGibson film ''Gallipoli''.''Film/{{Gallipoli}}''. Similarly, the war in the Middle East became famous for the actions of T. E. Lawrence (of LawrenceOfArabia fame), who incited the Great Arab Revolt which saw the Arabic territories of the Ottoman Empire revolt against their Turkish masters. Unfortunately, this ended as a FullCircleRevolution for the Arabs, who were promised a unified, independent Arab State but were instead placed under the control of the British and French empires. Turkey also put up a very weak fight against the Russians, owing to their Supreme Commander - Enver Pasha - being a ModernMajorGeneral with delusions of conquering Central Asia. Like Napoleon before him and Hitler after him, Enver Pasha made the sad mistake of trying to invade in ''winter''. The Russo-Turkish conflict was one of the few theatres of the First World War where the Russian Army did well against an opponent. Fortunately for them, the Turks were saved by the collapse of the Tsarist regime and UsefulNotes/RedOctober. Less fortunately for them, the Central Powers still ended up losing, and the Ottoman Empire soon lost all its territory outwith Anatolia and Thrace.
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