History UsefulNotes / TheNineties

24th Sep '16 2:12:19 PM nombretomado
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* In the UK, it was the decade that pretty much finished Creator/TheBBC and [[Creator/{{ITV}} ITV]] duopoly once and for all, thanks in part to [[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Broadcasting_Act_1990 the deregulation of the Thatcher government]] and the emergence of satellite TV (and to a lesser extent cable). In terms of satellite TV, there was a short-lived rivalry between the government-backed British Satellite Broadcasting (BSB), offering a 5-channel lineup of varied, mostly British-oriented fare, and UsefulNotes/RupertMurdoch's Creator/{{Sky}}, broadcasting on the pan-European Astra satellite along with a number of other early satellite/cable ventures, and relying much more on entertainment and US imports. This ended with the two services eventually "merging" (read: BSB was taken over by Sky) in late 1990. On the terrestrial front, Creator/{{Channel4}} stopped being funded by ITV, and took a more commercial direction with sometimes raunchy live entertainment shows, as opposed to the more dry, intellectual fare it presented in TheEighties; whilst the launch of Creator/ChannelFive (with accompanying Music/SpiceGirls video!) promised a new, fresh approach to over-the-air broadcasting (but ultimately being notorious for its mildly sordid late night fare).

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* In the UK, it was the decade that pretty much finished Creator/TheBBC and [[Creator/{{ITV}} ITV]] duopoly once and for all, thanks in part to [[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Broadcasting_Act_1990 the deregulation of the Thatcher government]] and the emergence of satellite TV (and to a lesser extent cable). In terms of satellite TV, there was a short-lived rivalry between the government-backed British Satellite Broadcasting (BSB), offering a 5-channel lineup of varied, mostly British-oriented fare, and UsefulNotes/RupertMurdoch's Creator/{{Sky}}, broadcasting on the pan-European Astra satellite along with a number of other early satellite/cable ventures, and relying much more on entertainment and US imports. This ended with the two services eventually "merging" (read: BSB was taken over by Sky) in late 1990. On the terrestrial front, Creator/{{Channel4}} Creator/Channel4 stopped being funded by ITV, and took a more commercial direction with sometimes raunchy live entertainment shows, as opposed to the more dry, intellectual fare it presented in TheEighties; whilst the launch of Creator/ChannelFive (with accompanying Music/SpiceGirls video!) promised a new, fresh approach to over-the-air broadcasting (but ultimately being notorious for its mildly sordid late night fare).



** In the UK, anime fandom to some extent mirrored the US, though perhaps due to some terrestrial broadcasters' continuing public-service commitments leading them to show "niche" content, some anime being shown on Channel4 in late-night slots and even [[Creator/TheBBC BBC2]] apparently showing ''Anime/RoyalSpaceForceTheWingsOfHonneamise'' and possibly even ''Manga/{{Akira}}''. (This has rarely been repeated since outside of Film4's occasional showing of Creator/StudioGhibli films and one or two others.) However, anime's reputation in the country did suffer from the fact that most anime releases did tend to suffer from AllAnimeIsNaughtyTentacles syndrome, being violent, horrific or sexual. Then as now, there's also been a lot of NoExportForYou.

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** In the UK, anime fandom to some extent mirrored the US, though perhaps due to some terrestrial broadcasters' continuing public-service commitments leading them to show "niche" content, some anime being shown on Channel4 Creator/Channel4 in late-night slots and even [[Creator/TheBBC BBC2]] apparently showing ''Anime/RoyalSpaceForceTheWingsOfHonneamise'' and possibly even ''Manga/{{Akira}}''. (This has rarely been repeated since outside of Film4's occasional showing of Creator/StudioGhibli films and one or two others.) However, anime's reputation in the country did suffer from the fact that most anime releases did tend to suffer from AllAnimeIsNaughtyTentacles syndrome, being violent, horrific or sexual. Then as now, there's also been a lot of NoExportForYou.
23rd Sep '16 10:24:43 PM nombretomado
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* Combining the above two points, the pop princesses of the 90's were mostly R&B artists. Music/MariahCarey, TLC, Music/{{Brandy}} (whose tv show ''Series/{{Moesha}}'' was ''the'' show for teen girls), Monica, and so on. The Music/SpiceGirls are the exception (BritneySpears and ChristinaAguilera didn't get big until '99 and are thus better associated with the 2000's).

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* Combining the above two points, the pop princesses of the 90's were mostly R&B artists. Music/MariahCarey, TLC, Music/{{Brandy}} (whose tv show ''Series/{{Moesha}}'' was ''the'' show for teen girls), Monica, and so on. The Music/SpiceGirls are the exception (BritneySpears (Music/BritneySpears and ChristinaAguilera Music/ChristinaAguilera didn't get big until '99 and are thus better associated with the 2000's).
21st Sep '16 9:05:02 AM DavidDelony
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* The GameShow genre hit it's lowest point since the quiz-show scandals during the decade, as show after show got cancelled. Of the shows that debuted in syndication for the 1990-91 season (reboots of ''Series/TicTacDough'' and ''Series/TheJokersWild'', ''Quiz Kids Challenge'', ''Trump Card'' and ''Series/TheChallengers''), none survived into the next season- primarily because of the ''Series/WheelOfFortune''/''Series/{{Jeopardy}}'' combo snagging the good timeslots and destroying any other games put against it. The networks, especially NBC and ABC, had completely cleared their schedules of games by 1995, and CBS merely had ''Series/ThePriceIsRight'' by that time. However, cable networks began to take over instead- the Creator/USANetwork had both originals and plenty of reruns, and what was then [[Creator/ABCFamily The Family Channel]] took a similar approach. Nickelodeon had their own shows, as did Creator/{{Lifetime}}. Creator/{{GSN}} launched in 1994, to the delight of fans of the classics. But by the end of the decade, nearly all of the original cable games had ended, with Lifetime, USA and the newly-renamed Fox Family having eliminated their games, while Nickelodeon began focusing on other programming; and the GSN originals of the time (especially the infamous ''[[Series/TheGongShow Extreme Gong]]'') weren't very good. But at the tail-end of the decade, when ABC decided to import a show from Britain called ''Series/WhoWantsToBeAMillionaire'', the genre was given new life, with new prime-time games popping up overnight- even if half the new shows were [[WhoWantsToBeWhoWantsToBeAMillionaire Millionaire clones]]. This carried over into the next decade, with mixed results.

to:

* The GameShow genre hit it's its lowest point since the quiz-show scandals during the decade, as show after show got cancelled. Of the shows that debuted in syndication for the 1990-91 season (reboots of ''Series/TicTacDough'' and ''Series/TheJokersWild'', ''Quiz Kids Challenge'', ''Trump Card'' and ''Series/TheChallengers''), none survived into the next season- primarily because of the ''Series/WheelOfFortune''/''Series/{{Jeopardy}}'' combo snagging the good timeslots and destroying any other games put against it. The networks, especially NBC and ABC, had completely cleared their schedules of games by 1995, and CBS merely had ''Series/ThePriceIsRight'' by that time. However, cable networks began to take over instead- the Creator/USANetwork had both originals and plenty of reruns, and what was then [[Creator/ABCFamily The Family Channel]] took a similar approach. Nickelodeon had their own shows, as did Creator/{{Lifetime}}. Creator/{{GSN}} launched in 1994, to the delight of fans of the classics. But by the end of the decade, nearly all of the original cable games had ended, with Lifetime, USA and the newly-renamed Fox Family having eliminated their games, while Nickelodeon began focusing on other programming; and the GSN originals of the time (especially the infamous ''[[Series/TheGongShow Extreme Gong]]'') weren't very good. But at the tail-end of the decade, when ABC decided to import a show from Britain called ''Series/WhoWantsToBeAMillionaire'', the genre was given new life, with new prime-time games popping up overnight- even if half the new shows were [[WhoWantsToBeWhoWantsToBeAMillionaire Millionaire clones]]. This carried over into the next decade, with mixed results.
20th Sep '16 6:07:21 PM themisterfree
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* The GameShow genre hit it's lowest point since the quiz-show scandals during the decade, as show after show got cancelled. Of the shows that debuted in syndication for the 1990-91 season (reboots of ''Series/TicTacDough'' and ''Series/TheJokersWild'', ''Quiz Kids Challenge'', ''Trump Card'' and ''Series/TheChallengers''), none survived into the next season- primarily because of the ''Series/WheelOfFortune''/''Series/{{Jeopardy}}'' combo snagging the good timeslots and destroying any other games put against it. The networks, especially NBC and ABC, had completely cleared their schedules of games by 1995, and CBS merely had ''Series/ThePriceIsRight'' by that time. However, cable networks began to take over instead- the Creator/USANetwork had both originals and plenty of reruns, and what was then [[Creator/ABCFamily The Family Channel]] took a similar approach. Nickelodeon had their own shows, as did Creator/{{Lifetime}}. Creator/{{GSN}} launched in 1994, to the delight of fans of the classics. But by the end of the decade, nearly all of the original cable games had ended; Lifetime USA and the newly-renamed Fox Family had cleared their remaining games too; and the GSN originals of the time weren't very good. But at the tail-end of the decade, when ABC decided to import a show from Britain called ''Series/WhoWantsToBeAMillionaire'', the genre was given new life, with new prime-time games popping up overnight- even if half the new shows were [[WhoWantsToBeWhoWantsToBeAMillionaire Millionaire clones]]. This carried over into the next decade, with mixed results.

to:

* The GameShow genre hit it's lowest point since the quiz-show scandals during the decade, as show after show got cancelled. Of the shows that debuted in syndication for the 1990-91 season (reboots of ''Series/TicTacDough'' and ''Series/TheJokersWild'', ''Quiz Kids Challenge'', ''Trump Card'' and ''Series/TheChallengers''), none survived into the next season- primarily because of the ''Series/WheelOfFortune''/''Series/{{Jeopardy}}'' combo snagging the good timeslots and destroying any other games put against it. The networks, especially NBC and ABC, had completely cleared their schedules of games by 1995, and CBS merely had ''Series/ThePriceIsRight'' by that time. However, cable networks began to take over instead- the Creator/USANetwork had both originals and plenty of reruns, and what was then [[Creator/ABCFamily The Family Channel]] took a similar approach. Nickelodeon had their own shows, as did Creator/{{Lifetime}}. Creator/{{GSN}} launched in 1994, to the delight of fans of the classics. But by the end of the decade, nearly all of the original cable games had ended; Lifetime ended, with Lifetime, USA and the newly-renamed Fox Family had cleared having eliminated their remaining games too; games, while Nickelodeon began focusing on other programming; and the GSN originals of the time (especially the infamous ''[[Series/TheGongShow Extreme Gong]]'') weren't very good. But at the tail-end of the decade, when ABC decided to import a show from Britain called ''Series/WhoWantsToBeAMillionaire'', the genre was given new life, with new prime-time games popping up overnight- even if half the new shows were [[WhoWantsToBeWhoWantsToBeAMillionaire Millionaire clones]]. This carried over into the next decade, with mixed results.
20th Sep '16 6:04:56 PM themisterfree
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* The GameShow genre hit it's lowest point since the quiz-show scandals during the decade, as show after show got cancelled. Of the shows that debuted in syndication for the 1990-91 season (reboots of ''Series/TicTacDough'' and ''Series/TheJokersWild'', ''Quiz Kids Challenge'', ''Trump Card'' and ''Series/TheChallengers''), none survived into the next season- primarily because of the 'Series/WheelOfFortune''/''Series/{{Jeopardy}}'' combo snagging the good timeslots and destroying any other games put against it. The networks, especially NBC and ABC, had completely cleared their schedules of games by 1995, and CBS merely had ''Series/ThePriceIsRight'' by that time. However, cable networks began to take over instead- the Creator/USANetwork had both originals and plenty of reruns, and what was then [[Creator/ABCFamily The Family Channel]] took a similar approach. Nickelodeon had their own shows, as did Creator/{{Lifetime}}. Creator/{{GSN}} launched in 1994, to the delight of fans of the classics. But by the end of the decade, nearly all of the original cable games had ended; Lifetime USA and the newly-renamed Fox Family had cleared their remaining games too; and the GSN originals of the time weren't very good. But at the tail-end of the decade, when ABC decided to import a show from Britain called ''Series/WhoWantsToBeAMillionaire'', the genre was given new life, with new prime-time games popping up overnight- even if half the new shows were [[WhoWantsToBeWhoWantsToBeAMillionaire Millionaire clones]]. This carried over into the next decade, with mixed results.

to:

* The GameShow genre hit it's lowest point since the quiz-show scandals during the decade, as show after show got cancelled. Of the shows that debuted in syndication for the 1990-91 season (reboots of ''Series/TicTacDough'' and ''Series/TheJokersWild'', ''Quiz Kids Challenge'', ''Trump Card'' and ''Series/TheChallengers''), none survived into the next season- primarily because of the 'Series/WheelOfFortune''/''Series/{{Jeopardy}}'' ''Series/WheelOfFortune''/''Series/{{Jeopardy}}'' combo snagging the good timeslots and destroying any other games put against it. The networks, especially NBC and ABC, had completely cleared their schedules of games by 1995, and CBS merely had ''Series/ThePriceIsRight'' by that time. However, cable networks began to take over instead- the Creator/USANetwork had both originals and plenty of reruns, and what was then [[Creator/ABCFamily The Family Channel]] took a similar approach. Nickelodeon had their own shows, as did Creator/{{Lifetime}}. Creator/{{GSN}} launched in 1994, to the delight of fans of the classics. But by the end of the decade, nearly all of the original cable games had ended; Lifetime USA and the newly-renamed Fox Family had cleared their remaining games too; and the GSN originals of the time weren't very good. But at the tail-end of the decade, when ABC decided to import a show from Britain called ''Series/WhoWantsToBeAMillionaire'', the genre was given new life, with new prime-time games popping up overnight- even if half the new shows were [[WhoWantsToBeWhoWantsToBeAMillionaire Millionaire clones]]. This carried over into the next decade, with mixed results.
20th Sep '16 5:11:43 PM themisterfree
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* The game show genre hit it's lowest point during the decade, as show after show got cancelled. Of the shows that debuted in syndication for the 1990-91 season (reboots of ''Series/TicTacDough'' and ''Series/TheJokersWild'', ''Quiz Kids Challenge'', ''Trump Card'' and ''Series/TheChallengers''), none survived into the next season. However, cable networks began to take over- the USA Network had both originals and plenty of reruns, and what was then [[Creator/ABCFamily The Family Channel]] took a similar approach. Nickelodeon had their own shows, as did Creator/{{Lifetime}}. Creator/{{GSN}} launched in 1994, to the delight of fans of the classics. But by the end of the decade, nearly all of the cable games had ended, GSN originals weren't very good, and things were downhill. But when ABC decided to import a show from Britain called ''Series/WhoWantsToBeAMillionaire'', the genre was given new life, even if half the new shows were [[WhoWantsToBeWhoWantsToBeAMillionaire Millionaire clones]].

to:

* The game show GameShow genre hit it's lowest point since the quiz-show scandals during the decade, as show after show got cancelled. Of the shows that debuted in syndication for the 1990-91 season (reboots of ''Series/TicTacDough'' and ''Series/TheJokersWild'', ''Quiz Kids Challenge'', ''Trump Card'' and ''Series/TheChallengers''), none survived into the next season. season- primarily because of the 'Series/WheelOfFortune''/''Series/{{Jeopardy}}'' combo snagging the good timeslots and destroying any other games put against it. The networks, especially NBC and ABC, had completely cleared their schedules of games by 1995, and CBS merely had ''Series/ThePriceIsRight'' by that time. However, cable networks began to take over- over instead- the USA Network Creator/USANetwork had both originals and plenty of reruns, and what was then [[Creator/ABCFamily The Family Channel]] took a similar approach. Nickelodeon had their own shows, as did Creator/{{Lifetime}}. Creator/{{GSN}} launched in 1994, to the delight of fans of the classics. But by the end of the decade, nearly all of the original cable games had ended, ended; Lifetime USA and the newly-renamed Fox Family had cleared their remaining games too; and the GSN originals of the time weren't very good, and things were downhill. good. But at the tail-end of the decade, when ABC decided to import a show from Britain called ''Series/WhoWantsToBeAMillionaire'', the genre was given new life, with new prime-time games popping up overnight- even if half the new shows were [[WhoWantsToBeWhoWantsToBeAMillionaire Millionaire clones]].clones]]. This carried over into the next decade, with mixed results.
20th Sep '16 2:36:19 PM themisterfree
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Added DiffLines:

* The game show genre hit it's lowest point during the decade, as show after show got cancelled. Of the shows that debuted in syndication for the 1990-91 season (reboots of ''Series/TicTacDough'' and ''Series/TheJokersWild'', ''Quiz Kids Challenge'', ''Trump Card'' and ''Series/TheChallengers''), none survived into the next season. However, cable networks began to take over- the USA Network had both originals and plenty of reruns, and what was then [[Creator/ABCFamily The Family Channel]] took a similar approach. Nickelodeon had their own shows, as did Creator/{{Lifetime}}. Creator/{{GSN}} launched in 1994, to the delight of fans of the classics. But by the end of the decade, nearly all of the cable games had ended, GSN originals weren't very good, and things were downhill. But when ABC decided to import a show from Britain called ''Series/WhoWantsToBeAMillionaire'', the genre was given new life, even if half the new shows were [[WhoWantsToBeWhoWantsToBeAMillionaire Millionaire clones]].
16th Sep '16 1:43:26 PM FF32
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* {{Anime}} was just starting to gain a following in the United States. To begin with, though, whilst ''Anime/{{Akira}}'' might have proved that the medium could be taken seriously as adult entertainment, much of it was still adapted for kids. Girls had ''Anime/SailorMoon'' and the boys had ''Anime/DragonBallZ'', and... that was about it unless you wanted to really do some hardcore searching.[[note]]Which would turn up series like ''Anime/MobileSuitGundam'', ''Manga/UruseiYatsura'', ''Manga/YuYuHakusho'', ''Manga/MagicKnightRayearth'', ''Manga/DetectiveConan'', ''LightNovel/{{Slayers}}'', ''Manga/AhMyGoddess'', ''Anime/RevolutionaryGirlUtena'', ''Anime/CowboyBebop'', ''Manga/CardcaptorSakura'', ''Manga/InitialD'', ''Manga/OutlawStar'', ''Manga/{{Trigun}}'', and of course, ''Anime/{{Pokemon}}'' and ''Anime/YuGiOh''.[[/note]] Of course, these anime were {{Bowdlerise}}d out the wazoo, but most kids didn't know, as they had nothing to compare it to. The only way to acquire {{manga}} was through specialty stores and importers, and it was [[CrackIsCheaper expensive]] and often poorly translated (if at all). In 1998, ''Anime/{{Pokemon}}'' showed up and really kick-started the anime boom, allowing it to take root in the West and become the industry it is today.

to:

* {{Anime}} was just starting to gain a following in the United States. To begin with, though, whilst ''Anime/{{Akira}}'' ''Manga/{{Akira}}'' might have proved that the medium could be taken seriously as adult entertainment, much of it was still adapted for kids. Girls had ''Anime/SailorMoon'' and the boys had ''Anime/DragonBallZ'', and... that was about it unless you wanted to really do some hardcore searching.[[note]]Which would turn up series like ''Anime/MobileSuitGundam'', ''Manga/UruseiYatsura'', ''Manga/YuYuHakusho'', ''Manga/MagicKnightRayearth'', ''Manga/DetectiveConan'', ''LightNovel/{{Slayers}}'', ''Manga/AhMyGoddess'', ''Anime/RevolutionaryGirlUtena'', ''Anime/CowboyBebop'', ''Manga/CardcaptorSakura'', ''Manga/InitialD'', ''Manga/OutlawStar'', ''Manga/{{Trigun}}'', and of course, ''Anime/{{Pokemon}}'' and ''Anime/YuGiOh''.[[/note]] Of course, these anime were {{Bowdlerise}}d out the wazoo, but most kids didn't know, as they had nothing to compare it to. The only way to acquire {{manga}} was through specialty stores and importers, and it was [[CrackIsCheaper expensive]] and often poorly translated (if at all). In 1998, ''Anime/{{Pokemon}}'' showed up and really kick-started the anime boom, allowing it to take root in the West and become the industry it is today.
10th Sep '16 12:49:54 AM Morgenthaler
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* Also, people began taking note of the fact that few people went to their local school, so they began lobbying for a way to not pay taxes to a school they weren't even using. For a few months, a hot topic of debate in some parts of the country was the creation of "school vouchers", which allowed residents to apply their school taxes to a school of their choosing. A lot of private schools really liked this idea for obvious reasons, but it didn't gain enough traction to be successful. Part of the problem that many liberals had with it was that it would not only drain the public school system of money, but that said money would be put into religious schools -- and in America, any proposal that would likely lead to [[AmericanChurches government funding of religious institutions]] is a huge no-no in many quarters.

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* Also, people began taking note of the fact that few people went to their local school, so they began lobbying for a way to not pay taxes to a school they weren't even using. For a few months, a hot topic of debate in some parts of the country was the creation of "school vouchers", which allowed residents to apply their school taxes to a school of their choosing. A lot of private schools really liked this idea for obvious reasons, but it didn't gain enough traction to be successful. Part of the problem that many liberals had with it was that it would not only drain the public school system of money, but that said money would be put into religious schools -- and in America, any proposal that would likely lead to [[AmericanChurches [[UsefulNotes/AmericanChurches government funding of religious institutions]] is a huge no-no in many quarters.
25th Aug '16 5:19:11 PM nombretomado
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* Creator/AnimalPlanet launched in 1996 as a spin-off of the DiscoveryChannel, focusing on nature and wildlife-centric programming. The network is still running strong decades later.

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* Creator/AnimalPlanet launched in 1996 as a spin-off of the DiscoveryChannel, Creator/DiscoveryChannel, focusing on nature and wildlife-centric programming. The network is still running strong decades later.
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