History UsefulNotes / Russia

5th Jan '18 2:27:42 AM aurora369
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!What is Siberia?

The precise territory defined as Siberia varies depending on who you ask. Western sources usually call the entirety of Asian Russia Siberia. In geography, Siberia is the part of Asian Russia east to the Ural Mountains and west to the watershed between Arctic and Pacific basins, and the Pacific basin is called Far East (Dalniy Vostok). Ural and the Far East aren't Siberia. The geographical Siberia is subdivided into Western Siberia (the lowland swampy region in the Ob-Irtysh basin and the highlands around the sources of the Ob, including the Altai Mountains), Eastern Siberia (the highland area between the rivers Yenisei and Lena, including Lake Baikal and the Transbaikal) and Northeast Siberia (the mountainous, bitterly cold region between the Lena and the Pacific watershed.

In administrative terms, only the Siberian Federal District is called Siberia. However, the inhabitants of Surgut or Khanty-Mansiysk are emphatic in that their region is not the Urals, and most Transbaikalians and Yakuts agree that they live in Siberia. The question of whether Northeast Siberia is Siberia is more complicated, because the economic capital of the region, Magadan, is located on the Pacific coast and therefore unarguably in the Far East, and there is no cities or large towns in Northeast Siberia proper.
5th Jan '18 2:13:31 AM aurora369
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** '''Nenets Automonous Okrug''' (Capital: Naryan-Mar) ‒ Named after the Nenets (18% of total population), an Uralic ethnic group.

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** '''Nenets Automonous Okrug''' (Capital: Naryan-Mar) ‒ Named after the Nenets (18% of total population), an Uralic ethnic group. Sub-subject to Arkhangelsk Oblast.



** '''Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Okrug—Yugra''' (Capital: Khanty-Mansiysk) ‒ Named after the Khanty (1.3% of total population) and Mansi (0.8% of total population), both Uralic ethnic groups.
** '''Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous Okrug''' (Capital: Salekhard) ‒ Named after the Nenets (5.9% of total population), an Uralic ethnic group.

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** '''Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Okrug—Yugra''' (Capital: Khanty-Mansiysk) ‒ Named after the Khanty (1.3% of total population) and Mansi (0.8% of total population), both Uralic ethnic groups. \n Sub-subject to Tyumen Oblast.
** '''Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous Okrug''' (Capital: Salekhard) ‒ Named after the Nenets (5.9% of total population), an Uralic ethnic group.
group. Sub-subject to Tyumen Oblast.



** '''Chukotka Autonomous Okrug''' (Capital: Anadyr) ‒ Named after the Chukchis (26.7% of total population), a Chukotko-Kamchatkan ethnic group.

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** '''Chukotka Autonomous Okrug''' (Capital: Anadyr) ‒ Named after the Chukchis (26.7% of total population), a Chukotko-Kamchatkan ethnic group. Formerly sub-subject to Magadan Oblast, now a full subject.
5th Jan '18 2:11:26 AM aurora369
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* Autonomous okrug (Автономный округ, ''Autonomous district''): This subject has a substantial ethnic minority, but not enough to be defined as a republic, so it gets the same responsibilities as an oblast.

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* Autonomous okrug (Автономный округ, ''Autonomous district''): This subject has a substantial ethnic minority, but not enough to be defined as a republic, so it gets the same responsibilities as an oblast. Some of the autonomous okrugs are sub-subjects to other subjects (in Soviet times all of them were), and some full subjects.
5th Jan '18 2:05:41 AM aurora369
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Aside from that, Russia administers two more territories which aren't federal subjects: the town of Barentsburg on Svalbard, Norway and the town and space launch facility of Baikonur, Kazakhstan.
5th Jan '18 2:03:57 AM aurora369
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->''Russia! what a marvelous phenomenon on the world scene! Russia - a distance of ten thousand versts *[[note]]a verst is a traditional Russian unit of distance roughly equivalent to a kilometer; because of that, in modern usage a verst ''is'' a kilometer, or a more archaic synonym thereof[[/note]] in length on a straight line from the virtually central European river, across all of Asia and the Eastern Ocean, down to the remote American lands! A distance of five thousand versts in width from Persia, one of the southern Asiatic states, to the end of the inhabited world - to the North Pole. What state can equal it? Its half? How many states can match its twentieth, its fiftieth part?… Russia - a state which contains all types of soil, from the warmest to the coldest, from the burning environs of Erivan[[note]]now belonging to UsefulNotes/{{Armenia}}[[/note]] to icy Lapland[[note]]now belonging to {{Finland}}[[/note]]; which abounds in all the products required for the needs, comforts, and pleasures of life, in accordance with its present state of development - a whole world, self-sufficient, independent, absolute.''

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->''Russia! what a marvelous phenomenon on the world scene! Russia - a distance of ten thousand versts *[[note]]a verst is a traditional Russian unit of distance roughly equivalent to a kilometer; because of that, in modern usage a verst ''is'' is a kilometer, or a more archaic synonym thereof[[/note]] in length on a straight line from the virtually central European river, across all of Asia and the Eastern Ocean, down to the remote American lands! A distance of five thousand versts in width from Persia, one of the southern Asiatic states, to the end of the inhabited world - to the North Pole. What state can equal it? Its half? How many states can match its twentieth, its fiftieth part?… Russia - a state which contains all types of soil, from the warmest to the coldest, from the burning environs of Erivan[[note]]now belonging to UsefulNotes/{{Armenia}}[[/note]] to icy Lapland[[note]]now belonging to {{Finland}}[[/note]]; which abounds in all the products required for the needs, comforts, and pleasures of life, in accordance with its present state of development - a whole world, self-sufficient, independent, absolute.''
5th Jan '18 2:03:35 AM aurora369
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->''Russia! what a marvelous phenomenon on the world scene! Russia - a distance of ten thousand versts *[[note]]a verst is a traditional Russian unit of distance roughly equivalent to a kilometer; because of that, in modern usage a "verst" ''is'' a kilometer, or a more archaic synonym thereof[[/note]] in length on a straight line from the virtually central European river, across all of Asia and the Eastern Ocean, down to the remote American lands! A distance of five thousand versts in width from Persia, one of the southern Asiatic states, to the end of the inhabited world - to the North Pole. What state can equal it? Its half? How many states can match its twentieth, its fiftieth part?… Russia - a state which contains all types of soil, from the warmest to the coldest, from the burning environs of Erivan[[note]]now belonging to UsefulNotes/{{Armenia}}[[/note]] to icy Lapland[[note]]now belonging to {{Finland}}[[/note]]; which abounds in all the products required for the needs, comforts, and pleasures of life, in accordance with its present state of development - a whole world, self-sufficient, independent, absolute.''

to:

->''Russia! what a marvelous phenomenon on the world scene! Russia - a distance of ten thousand versts *[[note]]a verst is a traditional Russian unit of distance roughly equivalent to a kilometer; because of that, in modern usage a "verst" verst ''is'' a kilometer, or a more archaic synonym thereof[[/note]] in length on a straight line from the virtually central European river, across all of Asia and the Eastern Ocean, down to the remote American lands! A distance of five thousand versts in width from Persia, one of the southern Asiatic states, to the end of the inhabited world - to the North Pole. What state can equal it? Its half? How many states can match its twentieth, its fiftieth part?… Russia - a state which contains all types of soil, from the warmest to the coldest, from the burning environs of Erivan[[note]]now belonging to UsefulNotes/{{Armenia}}[[/note]] to icy Lapland[[note]]now belonging to {{Finland}}[[/note]]; which abounds in all the products required for the needs, comforts, and pleasures of life, in accordance with its present state of development - a whole world, self-sufficient, independent, absolute.''
5th Jan '18 2:03:09 AM aurora369
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->''Russia! what a marvelous phenomenon on the world scene! Russia - a distance of ten thousand versts *[note]]a verst is a traditional Russian unit of distance roughly equivalent to a kilometer; because of that, in modern usage a "verst" ''is'' a kilometer, or a more archaic synonym thereof[[/note]] in length on a straight line from the virtually central European river, across all of Asia and the Eastern Ocean, down to the remote American lands! A distance of five thousand versts in width from Persia, one of the southern Asiatic states, to the end of the inhabited world - to the North Pole. What state can equal it? Its half? How many states can match its twentieth, its fiftieth part?… Russia - a state which contains all types of soil, from the warmest to the coldest, from the burning environs of Erivan[[note]]now belonging to UsefulNotes/{{Armenia}}[[/note]] to icy Lapland[[note]]now belonging to {{Finland}}[[/note]]; which abounds in all the products required for the needs, comforts, and pleasures of life, in accordance with its present state of development - a whole world, self-sufficient, independent, absolute.''

to:

->''Russia! what a marvelous phenomenon on the world scene! Russia - a distance of ten thousand versts *[note]]a *[[note]]a verst is a traditional Russian unit of distance roughly equivalent to a kilometer; because of that, in modern usage a "verst" ''is'' a kilometer, or a more archaic synonym thereof[[/note]] in length on a straight line from the virtually central European river, across all of Asia and the Eastern Ocean, down to the remote American lands! A distance of five thousand versts in width from Persia, one of the southern Asiatic states, to the end of the inhabited world - to the North Pole. What state can equal it? Its half? How many states can match its twentieth, its fiftieth part?… Russia - a state which contains all types of soil, from the warmest to the coldest, from the burning environs of Erivan[[note]]now belonging to UsefulNotes/{{Armenia}}[[/note]] to icy Lapland[[note]]now belonging to {{Finland}}[[/note]]; which abounds in all the products required for the needs, comforts, and pleasures of life, in accordance with its present state of development - a whole world, self-sufficient, independent, absolute.''
5th Jan '18 2:02:50 AM aurora369
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->''Russia! what a marvelous phenomenon on the world scene! Russia - a distance of ten thousand versts * in length on a straight line from the virtually central European river, across all of Asia and the Eastern Ocean, down to the remote American lands! A distance of five thousand versts in width from Persia, one of the southern Asiatic states, to the end of the inhabited world - to the North Pole. What state can equal it? Its half? How many states can match its twentieth, its fiftieth part?… Russia - a state which contains all types of soil, from the warmest to the coldest, from the burning environs of Erivan[[note]]now belonging to UsefulNotes/{{Armenia}}[[/note]] to icy Lapland[[note]]now belonging to {{Finland}}[[/note]]; which abounds in all the products required for the needs, comforts, and pleasures of life, in accordance with its present state of development - a whole world, self-sufficient, independent, absolute.''

to:

->''Russia! what a marvelous phenomenon on the world scene! Russia - a distance of ten thousand versts * *[note]]a verst is a traditional Russian unit of distance roughly equivalent to a kilometer; because of that, in modern usage a "verst" ''is'' a kilometer, or a more archaic synonym thereof[[/note]] in length on a straight line from the virtually central European river, across all of Asia and the Eastern Ocean, down to the remote American lands! A distance of five thousand versts in width from Persia, one of the southern Asiatic states, to the end of the inhabited world - to the North Pole. What state can equal it? Its half? How many states can match its twentieth, its fiftieth part?… Russia - a state which contains all types of soil, from the warmest to the coldest, from the burning environs of Erivan[[note]]now belonging to UsefulNotes/{{Armenia}}[[/note]] to icy Lapland[[note]]now belonging to {{Finland}}[[/note]]; which abounds in all the products required for the needs, comforts, and pleasures of life, in accordance with its present state of development - a whole world, self-sufficient, independent, absolute.''
22nd Dec '17 3:41:20 PM costanton11
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The Russian economy ranks as the eighth largest by nominal GDP and sixth largest by purchasing power parity. Russia's extensive mineral and energy resources, the largest reserves in the world, have made it one of the largest producers of oil and natural gas globally. The country is one of the five recognized nuclear weapons states and possesses the largest stockpile of weapons of mass destruction. Russia is a great power and a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council, a member of the [[GroupOfEight G8]] (currently suspended), G20, BRICS, the Council of Europe, the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation, the ShanghaiCooperationOrganisation, the Eurasian Economic Union, the Organisation for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE), the World Trade Organisation (WTO), and the leading member of the Commonwealth of Independent States.


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The Russian economy ranks as the eighth largest by nominal GDP and sixth largest by purchasing power parity. Russia's extensive mineral and energy resources, the largest reserves in the world, have made it one of the largest producers of oil and natural gas globally. The country is one of the five recognized nuclear weapons states and possesses the largest stockpile of weapons of mass destruction. Russia is a great power and a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council, a member of the [[GroupOfEight [[UsefulNotes/GroupOfEight G8]] (currently suspended), G20, BRICS, the Council of Europe, the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation, the ShanghaiCooperationOrganisation, the Eurasian Economic Union, the Organisation for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE), the World Trade Organisation (WTO), and the leading member of the Commonwealth of Independent States.

20th Oct '17 12:12:30 AM theNerdytimes
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->''Russia! what a marvelous phenomenon on the world scene! Russia - a distance of ten thousand versts * in length on a straight line from the virtually central European river, across all of Asia and the Eastern Ocean, down to the remote American lands! A distance of five thousand versts in width from Persia, one of the southern Asiatic states, to the end of the inhabited world - to the North Pole. What state can equal it? Its half? How many states can match its twentieth, its fiftieth part?… Russia - a state which contains all types of soil, from the warmest to the coldest, from the burning environs of Erivan to icy Lapland; which abounds in all the products required for the needs, comforts, and pleasures of life, in accordance with its present state of development - a whole world, self-sufficient, independent, absolute.''

to:

->''Russia! what a marvelous phenomenon on the world scene! Russia - a distance of ten thousand versts * in length on a straight line from the virtually central European river, across all of Asia and the Eastern Ocean, down to the remote American lands! A distance of five thousand versts in width from Persia, one of the southern Asiatic states, to the end of the inhabited world - to the North Pole. What state can equal it? Its half? How many states can match its twentieth, its fiftieth part?… Russia - a state which contains all types of soil, from the warmest to the coldest, from the burning environs of Erivan Erivan[[note]]now belonging to UsefulNotes/{{Armenia}}[[/note]] to icy Lapland; Lapland[[note]]now belonging to {{Finland}}[[/note]]; which abounds in all the products required for the needs, comforts, and pleasures of life, in accordance with its present state of development - a whole world, self-sufficient, independent, absolute.''



Russia ('''Russian:''' ''Россия, Rossiya''), also known as the Russian Federation ('''Russian:''' ''Российская Федерация, Rossiyskaya Federatsiya''), is a Eastern European and North Asian country spreading all the way from Norway and Poland to Japan and the United States. It is a federal semi-presidential republic, comprising 83 federal subjects and two territories disputed with Ukraine. From northwest to southeast, Russia shares land borders with UsefulNotes/{{Norway}}, UsefulNotes/{{Finland}}, UsefulNotes/{{Estonia}}, UsefulNotes/{{Latvia}}, UsefulNotes/{{Lithuania}}, UsefulNotes/{{Poland}} (both with Kaliningrad Oblast), UsefulNotes/{{Belarus}}, UsefulNotes/{{Ukraine}}, UsefulNotes/GeorgiaEurope, UsefulNotes/{{Azerbaijan}}, UsefulNotes/{{Kazakhstan}}, UsefulNotes/{{China}}, UsefulNotes/{{Mongolia}}, and UsefulNotes/NorthKorea. It shares maritime borders with UsefulNotes/{{Japan}} by the Sea of Okhotsk and the [[UsefulNotes/TheUnitedStates U.S.]] state of UsefulNotes/{{Alaska}} across the Bering Strait. At 17,075,400 square kilometres (6,592,800 sq mi), Russia is the largest country in the world, covering more than one-eighth of the Earth's inhabited land area. Russia is also the world's ninth most populous nation with 143 million people as of 2012. Extending across the entirety of North Asia and much of Eastern Europe, Russia spans eleven time zones and incorporates a wide range of environments and landforms.

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Russia ('''Russian:''' ''Россия, Rossiya''), ''Россия'', ''Rossiya''), also known as the Russian Federation ('''Russian:''' ''Российская Федерация, Rossiyskaya Федерация'', ''Rossiyskaya Federatsiya''), is a Eastern European and North Asian country spreading all the way from Norway and Poland to Japan and the United States. It is a federal semi-presidential republic, comprising 83 federal subjects and two territories disputed with Ukraine. From northwest to southeast, Russia shares land borders with UsefulNotes/{{Norway}}, UsefulNotes/{{Finland}}, UsefulNotes/{{Estonia}}, UsefulNotes/{{Latvia}}, UsefulNotes/{{Lithuania}}, UsefulNotes/{{Poland}} (both with Kaliningrad Oblast), UsefulNotes/{{Belarus}}, UsefulNotes/{{Ukraine}}, UsefulNotes/GeorgiaEurope, UsefulNotes/{{Azerbaijan}}, UsefulNotes/{{Kazakhstan}}, UsefulNotes/{{China}}, UsefulNotes/{{Mongolia}}, and UsefulNotes/NorthKorea. It shares maritime borders with UsefulNotes/{{Japan}} by the Sea of Okhotsk and the [[UsefulNotes/TheUnitedStates U.S.]] state of UsefulNotes/{{Alaska}} across the Bering Strait. At 17,075,400 square kilometres (6,592,800 sq mi), Russia is the largest country in the world, covering more than one-eighth of the Earth's inhabited land area. Russia is also the world's ninth most populous nation with 143 million people as of 2012. Extending across the entirety of North Asia and much of Eastern Europe, Russia spans eleven time zones and incorporates a wide range of environments and landforms.
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