History UsefulNotes / RepublicanItaly

15th Apr '17 12:09:49 PM GendoIkari
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The elections of 2013 ended with a clusterfuck, as the centre-left coalition won a majority of seats in the Chamber of Deputies but nobody won an outright majority in the Senate, making the formation of a government nearly impossible; the '''Five Star Movement''' asserted itself while the two traditional parties ('''PD''' and '''PDL''') lost thousands of votes; the PDL itself, following the conviction of Silvio Berlusconi (who was then kicked out of Parliament), was dissolved and another party - the "new" '''Forza Italia''' - took its place. Mr. B's ex number two (Angelino Alfano) broke up with his master and founded the '''Nuovo Centrodestra'''. The Northern League nearly collapsed after a series of scandals involving [[NoodleImplements its founder, his quasi-illiterate son and a fake [=PhD=]]]. The clusterfuck election also led to the Parliament failing to vote in a new President, so Giorgio Napolitano, who had just served a seven-year term, offered himself as a candidate again and was reelected overwhelmingly. '''Enrico Letta''' (PD) was appointed PM on 28 April 2013 but resigned the following year.

The current Prime Minister is '''Matteo Renzi''' (PD), who was sworn in on '''22 February 2014''' after the resignation of his predecessor.

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The elections of 2013 ended with a clusterfuck, as the centre-left coalition won a majority of seats in the Chamber of Deputies but nobody won an outright majority in the Senate, making the formation of a government nearly impossible; the '''Five Star Movement''' asserted itself while the two traditional parties ('''PD''' and '''PDL''') lost thousands of votes; the PDL itself, following the conviction of Silvio Berlusconi (who was then kicked out of Parliament), was dissolved and another party - the "new" '''Forza Italia''' - took its place. Mr. B's ex number two (Angelino Alfano) broke up with his master and founded the '''Nuovo Centrodestra'''. The Northern League nearly collapsed after a series of scandals involving [[NoodleImplements its founder, his quasi-illiterate son and a fake [=PhD=]]].[=PhD=]]], although they've since recovered thanks to a new, media-savvy secretary and the discontent over the immigrant crisis, to which Italy is strongly subject. The clusterfuck election also led to the Parliament failing to vote in a new President, so Giorgio Napolitano, who had just served a seven-year term, offered himself as a candidate again and was reelected overwhelmingly. '''Enrico Letta''' (PD) was appointed PM on 28 April 2013 but resigned the following year.

The current Prime Minister is '''Matteo Renzi''' '''Paolo Gentiloni''' (PD), who was sworn in on '''22 February 2014''' '''December 11th 2016''' after the resignation of his predecessor.
predecessor Matteo Renzi, following the defeat at a referendum on which Renzi bet everything; the majority in the parliament hasn't changed however, so much that more than half of the previous government's ministers have been reconfirmed or shifted to other positions by Gentiloni.
26th May '16 9:32:08 AM megarockman
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* '''Libya''' was first split between Britan, France and UK - only to become independent in 1951;

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* '''Libya''' was first split between Britan, France the UK and UK - France, only to become independent in 1951;
3rd Sep '15 6:19:58 AM faunas
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After the Cold War ended (and thus the United States' interest in keeping left-wingers out of power vanished), the nepotism- and corruption-laden political system, dubbed '''Tangentopoli''' (Italian for "Bribeville") was exposed by the [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mani_pulite ''Clean Hands'']] investigations of '''1992'''. These involved a big part of the Senate and House and caused the [[TheGreatPoliticsMessUp collapse of the old dominant parties]] except the Italian Republican Party (the only party that survived and kept its name to this day) and the Communists, who changed their name to the Democratic Party of the Left (PDS) for other reasons (chiefly the fact that "Communism" [[TheGreatPoliticsMessUp had become passé]], though this wasn't as apparent to the [[WeAREStrugglingTogether minority of members who instead created the considerably less popular Communist Refoundation Party, which in turn spawned the splinter Party of Italian Communists]]), the emergence of new parties in their stead, the adoption of a mixed member proportional representation electoral system after the 1993 referendum, and generally had such a large impact that the period afterwards is called the "Second Republic".

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After the Cold War ended (and thus the United States' interest in keeping left-wingers out of power vanished), the nepotism- and corruption-laden political system, dubbed '''Tangentopoli''' (Italian for "Bribeville") was exposed by the [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mani_pulite ''Clean Hands'']] investigations of '''1992'''. These involved a big part of the Senate and House and caused the [[TheGreatPoliticsMessUp collapse of the old dominant parties]] except the Italian Republican Party (the only party that survived and kept its name to this day) and day), the Communists, who changed their name to the Democratic Party of the Left (PDS) for other reasons (chiefly the fact that "Communism" [[TheGreatPoliticsMessUp had become passé]], though this wasn't as apparent to the [[WeAREStrugglingTogether minority of members who instead created the considerably less popular Communist Refoundation Party, which in turn spawned the splinter Party of Italian Communists]]), Communists]]) and the neo-fascist Italian Social Movement, who also changed their name to National Alliance (also because fascism was passé, and because it wanted to get rid of its fascist heritage, although just like with the communists there were those who did not agree, such as Pino Rauti's Tricolour Flame), the emergence of new parties in their stead, the adoption of a mixed member proportional representation electoral system after the 1993 referendum, and generally had such a large impact that the period afterwards is called the "Second Republic".
5th Aug '15 6:13:16 PM TompaDompa
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* ''Film/CasinoRoyale''

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* ''Film/CasinoRoyale''''Film/CasinoRoyale2006''
5th Jul '15 1:47:42 AM t0by
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TheMafia was also very active during this period, routinely threatening the safety of the country. When magistrates began a maxi-investigation that led to over 400 convictions in 1987, the (Sicilian) Mafia was certainly not happy about it; between 1992 and 1993 a series of bombings and the [[HeroicSacrifice murder of two Sicilian magistrates, Giacomo Falcone and Paolo Borsellino]] prompted the Italian authorities to actively fight the Mafia, often with very good results.

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TheMafia was also very active during this period, routinely threatening the safety of the country. When magistrates began a maxi-investigation that led to over 400 convictions in 1987, the (Sicilian) Mafia was certainly not happy about it; between 1992 and 1993 a series of bombings and the [[HeroicSacrifice murder of two Sicilian magistrates, Giacomo Giovanni Falcone and Paolo Borsellino]] prompted the Italian authorities to actively fight the Mafia, often with very good results.
6th May '15 2:15:55 PM Morgenthaler
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* ''[[Film/TheBourneSeries The Bourne Identity]]''
* ''[[Film/TheBourneSeries The Bourne Supremacy]]''

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* ''[[Film/TheBourneSeries The Bourne Identity]]''
''Film/TheBourneIdentity''
* ''[[Film/TheBourneSeries The Bourne Supremacy]]''''Film/TheBourneSupremacy''
19th Apr '15 9:44:58 AM ferox
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The Communist party, meanwhile, gained consensus and another civil war seemed inevitable.

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The Communist party, Party, meanwhile, gained consensus and another civil war seemed inevitable.
19th Apr '15 9:44:03 AM ferox
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* The city of '''Trieste''' was declared "free territory".

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* The city of '''Trieste''' was declared "free territory".
a "Free Territory" under U.N. protection.
19th Apr '15 9:43:25 AM ferox
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* '''Libya''' was first split between Britan, France and UK only to become independent in 1951;
* '''Italian Somaliland''' became a U.N. Trust Territory which was managed by Italy until 1960, when it was merged with the British Somaliland and granted independence;

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* '''Libya''' was first split between Britan, France and UK - only to become independent in 1951;
* '''Italian Somaliland''' became a U.N. Trust Territory which was managed by Italy until 1960, when it was merged with the British Somaliland and granted independence;
19th Apr '15 9:42:44 AM ferox
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By the end of UsefulNotes/WorldWarII, Italy was in ruins: the war reduced most factories to rubble, roads, railways were unusable and millions of people were left without a home. The last years of war saw Italians from both sides, Fascists and members of the [[LaResistance Italian Resistance]], fighting each other. There was also bitter resentment against the King and the Monarchy, fueled by Victor Emmanuel's support of Fascism and the Royal Family's hasty escape from Rome during the German occupation of Italy. The Communist party, meanwhile, gained consensus and another civil war seemed inevitable.

The King - in the (admittedly, vain) hope to restore the Royal Family's reputation - abdicated in favour his eldest son, prince Umberto, who was crowned on 9 May 1946 as '''Umberto II ''' and remained King of Italy for just over a month, which is why he was nicknamed ''il Re di Maggio'' ("the King of May"). During his incredibly short reign, he had to defuse the various sources of tension within the country which could have led to another unnecessary bloodbath; at that time, some Sicilian factions were pushing for independence (thus threatening the unity and the stability of the whole nation), while the Yugoslavians wanted to annex much of North-Eastern Italy. However, he - showing the good sense his father lacked - promptly granted Sicily fiscal and political autonomy, making the indepentist campaigners run out of steam; sent fresh troops to the border and called for a referendum which would hopefully strengthen his position.

to:

By the end of UsefulNotes/WorldWarII, Italy was in ruins: the war reduced most factories to rubble, roads, railways were unusable and millions of people were left without a home. The last years of war saw Italians from both sides, Fascists and members of the [[LaResistance Italian Resistance]], fighting each other. There was also bitter resentment against the King and the Monarchy, fueled by Victor Emmanuel's support of Fascism and the Royal Family's hasty escape from Rome during the German occupation of Italy.

The Communist party, meanwhile, gained consensus and another civil war seemed inevitable.

The old King - in the (admittedly, vain) hope to restore the Royal Family's reputation - abdicated in favour his eldest son, prince Umberto, who was crowned on 9 '''9 May 1946 1946''' as '''Umberto II ''' II''' and remained King of Italy for just over a month, which is why he was nicknamed ''il Re di Maggio'' ("the King of May"). During his incredibly short reign, he had to defuse the various sources of tension within the country which could have led to another unnecessary bloodbath; at that time, some Sicilian factions were pushing for independence (thus threatening the unity and the stability of the whole nation), while the Yugoslavians wanted to annex much of North-Eastern Italy. However, he - showing the good sense his father lacked - promptly granted Sicily fiscal and political autonomy, making the indepentist campaigners run out of steam; sent fresh troops to the border and called for a referendum which would hopefully strengthen his position.



On '''June 2, 1946'', the first free referendum since 1921 took place and that was also the first time Italian women were allowed to vote. Electoral results showed a nation almost split in two, with Northern Italians voting ''en masse'' for the Republic while Central and Southern Italians were willing to keep the Monarchy; but there were also widespread accusations that the anti-monarchists rigged the result, with the new government proclaiming the victory of the Republic ''well before'' the counting of the votes had even finished or repressing manifestations in support of the King (as it happened in Naples' via Medina on 11 June 1946: the Police was instructed to fire upon the protesters, leaving nine dead and a hundred people wounded). Umberto II, fearing that the country to plunge again into a civil war, chose not to contest the result and joined the rest of his family in Portugal.

Italy had become a Republic, and a couple of years later the 2nd of June became the (controversial) Italian national holiday.

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On '''June 2, 1946'', 1946''', the first free referendum since 1921 took place and that was also the first time Italian women were allowed to vote. Electoral results showed a nation almost split in two, with Northern Italians voting ''en masse'' for the Republic while Central and Southern Italians were willing to keep the Monarchy; but there were also widespread accusations that the anti-monarchists rigged the result, with the new government proclaiming the victory of the Republic ''well before'' the counting of the votes had even finished or repressing manifestations in support of the King (as it happened in Naples' via Medina on 11 June 1946: the Police was instructed to fire upon the protesters, leaving nine dead and a hundred people wounded). Umberto II, fearing that the country to could plunge again into a civil war, chose not to contest the result and joined the rest part of his family in Portugal.

Italy had become a Republic, and a couple of years later the 2nd of June became the (controversial) (mildly controversial) Italian national holiday.
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