History UsefulNotes / NativeAmericans

16th Jul '17 11:02:13 AM nombretomado
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[[http://www.nytimes.com/2012/05/23/us/native-americans-struggle-with-high-rate-of-rape.html?pagewanted=all this article by the New York Times which details it further.]] They are routinely beaten and murdered by whites, including police.[[note]]The "arrested and then discovered dead in jail cell" scenario is bitterly familiar to Native people.[[/note]] This causes some to be suicidal. Others rehabilitate and have successful lives. The media barely illustrates the current pain and suffering, often showing Native Americans pre-WW2. In shows where modern Native Americans are portrayed, for example as tour guides, their suffering is never delved into. Modern times are horrible. Sadly, this is partly due to a quirk of federal law that has yet to be fixed-tribal police legally have no authority over non-native people who come onto the reservation. So natives are fair game for crimes (many native women have been raped by non-native men) since tribal police cannot even arrest them. They can only report this to local authorities who often cannot or will not go after the suspects.

to:

[[http://www.nytimes.com/2012/05/23/us/native-americans-struggle-with-high-rate-of-rape.html?pagewanted=all this article by the New York Times which details it further.]] They are routinely beaten and murdered by whites, including police.[[note]]The "arrested and then discovered dead in jail cell" scenario is bitterly familiar to Native people.[[/note]] This causes some to be suicidal. Others rehabilitate and have successful lives. The media barely illustrates the current pain and suffering, often showing Native Americans pre-WW2.pre-[=WW2=]. In shows where modern Native Americans are portrayed, for example as tour guides, their suffering is never delved into. Modern times are horrible. Sadly, this is partly due to a quirk of federal law that has yet to be fixed-tribal police legally have no authority over non-native people who come onto the reservation. So natives are fair game for crimes (many native women have been raped by non-native men) since tribal police cannot even arrest them. They can only report this to local authorities who often cannot or will not go after the suspects.
4th Jul '17 10:18:11 AM nombretomado
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* Note that most of the tribes in this region who actually built totem poles actually live over the border in Canada or in southern Alaska. Many of them traditionally spoke Salish languages, or, once American and British traders moved in, a hybrid tongue known as Chinook Jargon. Salmon fishing and basketweaving were both very important culturally. Tribes would often gather together for elaborate gift-giving ceremonies called potlatches. However, these were viewed with suspicion by the American and Canadian governments and were banned in both countries for a while. Look up "gift economy" on TheOtherWiki if you're interested in how this really worked. Art was usually very intricately done and beautiful, usually as decoration on practical items. They were particularly good at crafting wooden boxes out of one single piece of bark.

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* Note that most of the tribes in this region who actually built totem poles actually live over the border in Canada or in southern Alaska. Many of them traditionally spoke Salish languages, or, once American and British traders moved in, a hybrid tongue known as Chinook Jargon. Salmon fishing and basketweaving were both very important culturally. Tribes would often gather together for elaborate gift-giving ceremonies called potlatches. However, these were viewed with suspicion by the American and Canadian governments and were banned in both countries for a while. Look up "gift economy" on TheOtherWiki Wiki/TheOtherWiki if you're interested in how this really worked. Art was usually very intricately done and beautiful, usually as decoration on practical items. They were particularly good at crafting wooden boxes out of one single piece of bark.



[[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Native_Americans_in_the_United_States The current Native American population]], according to TheOtherWiki, is 2.9 million, with an additional 2.3 million claiming mixed heritage.

to:

[[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Native_Americans_in_the_United_States The current Native American population]], according to TheOtherWiki, Wiki/TheOtherWiki, is 2.9 million, with an additional 2.3 million claiming mixed heritage.
18th Jun '17 11:16:51 PM CaptEquinox
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* Mostly speakers of the Numic Languages, this group lived in the desert and moved around seasonally following sources of food and water. One of the last groups to encounter European influence, and therefore have maintained stronger cultural and linguistic ties to their heritage. Anglos may have heard of the Paiute holy man Wovoka (Jack Wilson), whose visions gave birth to the Ghost Dance ceremonies that swept the Plains in the 1890s and led to the Wounded Knee massacre.

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* Mostly speakers of the Numic Languages, this group lived in the desert and moved around seasonally following sources of food and water. One of the last groups to encounter European influence, and therefore have maintained stronger cultural and linguistic ties to their heritage. Anglos may have heard of the Paiute holy man Wovoka (Jack Wilson), whose visions gave birth to the Ghost Dance ceremonies that swept the Plains in the 1890s and led to the Wounded Knee massacre.
massacre (see below).
18th Jun '17 11:11:11 PM CaptEquinox
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* Mostly speakers of the Numic Languages, this group lived in the desert and moved around seasonally following sources of food and water. One of the last groups to encounter European influence, and therefore have maintained stronger cultural and linguistic ties to their heritage.

to:

* Mostly speakers of the Numic Languages, this group lived in the desert and moved around seasonally following sources of food and water. One of the last groups to encounter European influence, and therefore have maintained stronger cultural and linguistic ties to their heritage.
heritage. Anglos may have heard of the Paiute holy man Wovoka (Jack Wilson), whose visions gave birth to the Ghost Dance ceremonies that swept the Plains in the 1890s and led to the Wounded Knee massacre.
18th Jun '17 11:02:49 PM CaptEquinox
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!! Northwestern Plateau: AKA Sacajawea's people[[note]]Sacajawea was the woman who helped Lewis and Clark[[/note]]

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!! Northwestern Plateau: AKA Sacajawea's people[[note]]Sacajawea was the woman who helped Lewis and Clark[[/note]]Clark. She and her son Jean Baptiste Charbonneau are on [[https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/f/fe/Sacagawea_dollar_obverse.png the U.S. dollar coin]].[[/note]]



!! Great Basin

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!! Great Basin (Paiute, Shoshone, Ute)
6th May '17 4:27:52 AM Occidensill
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[[http://www.nytimes.com/2012/05/23/us/native-americans-struggle-with-high-rate-of-rape.html?pagewanted=all this article by the New York Times which details it further.]] They are routinely beaten and murdered by whites, including police.[[note]]The "arrested and then discovered dead in jail cell" scenario is bitterly familiar to Native people.[[/note]] This causes some to be suicidal. Others rehabilitate and have successful lives. Note that the AHF has been cut massively in 2010. The media barely illustrates the current pain and suffering, often showing Native Americans pre-WW2. In shows where modern Native Americans are portrayed, for example as tour guides, their suffering is never delved into. Modern times are horrible. Sadly, this is partly due to a quirk of federal law that has yet to be fixed-tribal police legally have no authority over non-native people who come onto the reservation. So natives are fair game for crimes (most native women have been raped by non-native men) since tribal police cannot even arrest them. They can only report this to local authorities who often cannot or will not go after the suspects.

to:

[[http://www.nytimes.com/2012/05/23/us/native-americans-struggle-with-high-rate-of-rape.html?pagewanted=all this article by the New York Times which details it further.]] They are routinely beaten and murdered by whites, including police.[[note]]The "arrested and then discovered dead in jail cell" scenario is bitterly familiar to Native people.[[/note]] This causes some to be suicidal. Others rehabilitate and have successful lives. Note that the AHF has been cut massively in 2010. The media barely illustrates the current pain and suffering, often showing Native Americans pre-WW2. In shows where modern Native Americans are portrayed, for example as tour guides, their suffering is never delved into. Modern times are horrible. Sadly, this is partly due to a quirk of federal law that has yet to be fixed-tribal police legally have no authority over non-native people who come onto the reservation. So natives are fair game for crimes (most (many native women have been raped by non-native men) since tribal police cannot even arrest them. They can only report this to local authorities who often cannot or will not go after the suspects.
3rd Apr '17 4:56:21 PM Fireblood
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* Similar in culture to the North Eastern group, often speaking similar languages to the North Eastern peoples and with some tribes seeing some North Eastern ones distant kin, they also grew the "three sisters." However, they had much bigger emphasis on the sun and fire gods. The tribes of the southeast built many mounds and other structures to worship and honor the sun and other gods, some of which are still honored today. Many of the South Eastern tribes, most notoriously the so-called "Five Civilized Tribes" (Cherokee, Choctaw, Creek, Chickasaw, and some of the Seminole tribes), were relocated to modern-day Oklahoma in the 1830s as part of the Trail of Tears. The tribes that didn't (primarily the the Okahumpka and Miccosukee Seminole tribes) remain today as the only tribes to have never surrendered to the United States).

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* Similar in culture to the North Eastern group, often speaking similar languages to the North Eastern peoples and with some tribes seeing some North Eastern ones distant kin, they also grew the "three sisters." However, they had much bigger emphasis on the sun and fire gods. The tribes of the southeast built many mounds and other structures to worship and honor the sun and other gods, some of which are still honored today. Many of the South Eastern tribes, most notoriously the so-called "Five Civilized Tribes" (Cherokee, Choctaw, Creek, Chickasaw, and some of the Seminole tribes), were relocated to modern-day Oklahoma in the 1830s as part of the Trail of Tears. The tribes that didn't (primarily the the Okahumpka and Miccosukee Seminole tribes) remain today as the only tribes to have never surrendered to the United States).



[[http://www.nytimes.com/2012/05/23/us/native-americans-struggle-with-high-rate-of-rape.html?pagewanted=all this article by the New York Times which details it further.]] They are routinely beaten and murdered by whites, including police.[[note]]The "arrested and then discovered dead in jail cell" scenario is bitterly familiar to Native people.[[/note]] This causes some to be suicidal. Others rehabilitate and have successful lives. Note that the AHF has been cut massively in 2010. The media barely illustrates the current pain and suffering, often showing Native Americans pre-WW2. In shows where modern Native Americans are portrayed, for example as tour guides, their suffering is never delved into. Modern times are horrible. Sadly, this is partly due to a quirk of federal law that yet to be fixed-tribal police legally have no authority over non-native people who come onto the reservation. So natives are fair game for crimes (most native women have been raped by non-native men) since tribal police cannot even arrest them. They can only report this to local authorities who often cannot or will not go after the suspects.

to:

[[http://www.nytimes.com/2012/05/23/us/native-americans-struggle-with-high-rate-of-rape.html?pagewanted=all this article by the New York Times which details it further.]] They are routinely beaten and murdered by whites, including police.[[note]]The "arrested and then discovered dead in jail cell" scenario is bitterly familiar to Native people.[[/note]] This causes some to be suicidal. Others rehabilitate and have successful lives. Note that the AHF has been cut massively in 2010. The media barely illustrates the current pain and suffering, often showing Native Americans pre-WW2. In shows where modern Native Americans are portrayed, for example as tour guides, their suffering is never delved into. Modern times are horrible. Sadly, this is partly due to a quirk of federal law that has yet to be fixed-tribal police legally have no authority over non-native people who come onto the reservation. So natives are fair game for crimes (most native women have been raped by non-native men) since tribal police cannot even arrest them. They can only report this to local authorities who often cannot or will not go after the suspects.
3rd Apr '17 10:29:09 AM IdentityUnknown
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Needless to say, it is a very sensitive topic for Anglo-Americans to discuss. Although that said, there are efforts to bridge centuries' worth of mistrust between "native" and "white man."[[note]]"Anglo" is sometimes a preferred term since the problem is not the white race but the dominant American culture.[[/note]] In an interesting side-note, many of the efforts done to alleviate their plight since the 1970s were either inspired by or begun by UsefulNotes/RichardNixon, who not only shut down the Termination policy but also had lands returned back to their original owners, resulting in him being generally regarded with respect among Native Americans.[[note]]It's reached the point that the Paiutes people of Pyramid Lake, Nevada, named their capital in his memory.[[/note]]

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Needless to say, it is a very sensitive topic for Anglo-Americans to discuss. Although that said, there are efforts to bridge centuries' worth of mistrust between "native" and "white man."[[note]]"Anglo" is sometimes a preferred term since the problem is not the white race people but the dominant American culture.[[/note]] In an interesting side-note, many of the efforts done to alleviate their plight since the 1970s were either inspired by or begun by UsefulNotes/RichardNixon, who not only shut down the Termination policy but also had lands returned back to their original owners, resulting in him being generally regarded with respect among Native Americans.[[note]]It's reached the point that the Paiutes people of Pyramid Lake, Nevada, named their capital in his memory.[[/note]]
3rd Apr '17 10:24:50 AM IdentityUnknown
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[[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Native_Americans_in_the_United_States The current Native American population]], according to TheOtherWiki, is 2.9 million, with an additional 2.3 million claiming mixed heritage. This is BTW some four times the estimated pre-Columbian population of North America.

to:

[[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Native_Americans_in_the_United_States The current Native American population]], according to TheOtherWiki, is 2.9 million, with an additional 2.3 million claiming mixed heritage. This is BTW some four times the estimated pre-Columbian population of North America.
heritage.
19th Feb '17 9:56:15 PM Fireblood
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* Most Native Americans have a strong reaction to alcohol--Aboriginal communities and Aboriginals have some of the highest rates of alcoholism in the world. Views on alcohol are mixed; many see it as essential to a good party but others look upon it as literal poison.

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* Most Native Americans have a strong reaction to alcohol--Aboriginal communities and Aboriginals have some of the highest rates of alcoholism in the world. This stems from the lack of genetic resistance due to less crops in the Americas which could be cultivated (and thus ferment). Views on alcohol are mixed; many see it as essential to a good party but others look upon it as literal poison.



* Many Native Americans live on reservations, plots of land set aside for their use under various treaties. This land is held in trust by the federal government, although it legally belongs to the division of the tribe or "band" it's allotted to. Some tribes consider their reserves their own sovereign territories. Although this is controversial, there is some legal precedent. In the United States, "Indian tribes" (as they are formally known on account of the language in the Constitution) are considered quasi-sovereign in a way similar if not quite identical to that of the states; in the US courts, analyses of "tribal sovereignty" often make analogies to analyses of state sovereignty, with a few key differences. Reserves are generally only subject to federal laws, and not state or provincial ones (despite "officially" being within the territory of the state or province), so they often have different laws than the areas surrounding them. This is why they often have different gambling laws and why they are one of the only places in Canada that you are allowed to [[EverybodySmokes smoke in public places]] unless the band has specifically banned this themselves.[[note]]Unfortunately, they also often have different usury laws--very often, they have ''no'' usury laws, allowing lenders that are officially chartered as organs of a tribe to make loans for outrageous rates of interest. A few less scrupulous tribes have gotten in bed with payday lenders to take advantage of this scheme, taking a cut of the profits in exchange for giving these companies access to their lending laws. This has made a lot of states angry, as most states have statutes against charging excessive interest, and since the financial crisis of 2007-08, which brought consumer debt to the forefront of state concern, many states have gone after the lenders (using whatever legal tools they could find to get around tribal sovereignty and immunity) and complained about the tribes. For their part, a large number of Native activists have also protested against these scheme, as they take advantage of people who, like most Native Americans, are poor and struggling to get by.[[/note]]
* Native Americans tend to live communally and practice an extended family model, which means families are very close and tend to pool resources amongst themselves. Even in urban communities Native Americans tend to have an extended network of family and neighbors to draw from. Boundaries tend to be very fluid in most families and in some cases are a completely foreign concept. The Extended family model means that even that instead of your standard nuclear family Native Americans treat most of their family tree as immediate family. Since most Native tribes have a long history of adoption we also tend to have a few people who are not actually related but are considered family for one reason or another. Basically if you're Native American there's no such thing as too much family.

to:

* Many Native Americans live on reservations, plots of land set aside for their use under various treaties. This land is held in trust by the federal government, although it legally belongs to the division of the tribe or "band" it's allotted to. Some tribes consider their reserves their own sovereign territories. Although this is controversial, there is some legal precedent. In the United States, "Indian tribes" (as they are formally known on account of the language in the Constitution) are considered quasi-sovereign in a way similar if not quite identical to that of the states; in the US courts, analyses of "tribal sovereignty" often make analogies to analyses of state sovereignty, with a few key differences. Reserves are generally only subject to federal laws, and not state or provincial ones (despite "officially" being within the territory of the state or province), so they often have different laws than the areas surrounding them. This is why they often have different gambling laws and why they are one of the only places in Canada that you are allowed to [[EverybodySmokes smoke in public places]] unless the band has specifically banned this themselves.[[note]]Unfortunately, they also often have different usury laws--very often, they have ''no'' usury laws, allowing lenders that are officially chartered as organs of a tribe to make loans for outrageous rates of interest. A few less scrupulous tribes have gotten in bed with payday lenders to take advantage of this scheme, taking a cut of the profits in exchange for giving these companies access to their lending laws. This has made a lot of states angry, as most states have statutes against charging excessive interest, and since the financial crisis of 2007-08, which brought consumer debt to the forefront of state concern, many states have gone after the lenders (using whatever legal tools they could find to get around tribal sovereignty and immunity) and complained about the tribes. For their part, a large number of Native activists have also protested against these scheme, schemes, as they take advantage of people who, like most Native Americans, are poor and struggling to get by.[[/note]]
* Native Americans tend to live communally and practice an extended family model, which means families are very close and tend to pool resources amongst among themselves. Even in urban communities Native Americans tend to have an extended network of family and neighbors to draw from. Boundaries tend to be very fluid in most families and in some cases are a completely foreign concept. The Extended extended family model means that even that instead of your standard nuclear family Native Americans treat most of their family tree as immediate family. Since most Native tribes have a long history of adoption we adoption, they also tend to have a few people who are not actually related but are considered family for one reason or another. Basically if you're Native American there's no such thing as too much family.
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