History UsefulNotes / Iran

29th Aug '17 6:32:11 PM KnightOfGondor
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** UsefulNotes/{{Iraq}} was always a regional rival due to the oil issue, even under the Shah, but it wasn't until UsefulNotes/SaddamHussein came into power that things really boiled over. Sensing the turmoil wrought from the Islamic Revolution, Saddam [[UsefulNotes/IranIraqWar launched a military offensive]] in an attempt to gain control of Iranian oil, consequently instigating a war that lasted throughout the 1980s. Most countries supported Iraq,the largest contributors being the Soviet Union and France, with America even going so far as to ignore Saddam's use of chemical weapons, although Iran did receive foreign aid, most notably from China. It was only after the death toll reached a quarter of a million deaths that anybody was willing to negotiate a ceasefire. Ruhollah Khomeini, the orchestrator of the Revolution and the Supreme Leader of Iran, refused initially. It wasn't until Hashemi Rafsanjani, his deputy, persuaded him otherwise that he accepted the ceasefire. Tensions remained long after the war, and it wasn't until Saddam was dethroned that Iran and Iraq have started patching things up.

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** UsefulNotes/{{Iraq}} was always a regional rival due to the oil issue, even under the Shah, but it wasn't until UsefulNotes/SaddamHussein came into power that things really boiled over. Sensing the turmoil wrought from the Islamic Revolution, Saddam [[UsefulNotes/IranIraqWar launched a military offensive]] in an attempt to gain control of Iranian oil, consequently instigating a war that lasted throughout the 1980s. Most countries supported Iraq,the Iraq, the largest contributors being the Soviet Union and France, with America even going so far as to ignore Saddam's use of chemical weapons, although Iran did receive foreign aid, most notably from China. It was only after the death toll reached a quarter of a million deaths that anybody was willing to negotiate a ceasefire. Ruhollah Khomeini, the orchestrator of the Revolution and the Supreme Leader of Iran, refused initially. It wasn't until Hashemi Rafsanjani, his deputy, persuaded him otherwise that he accepted the ceasefire. Tensions remained long after the war, and it wasn't until Saddam was dethroned that Iran and Iraq have started patching things up.
29th Aug '17 6:29:19 PM KnightOfGondor
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** UsefulNotes/{{Iraq}} was always a regional rival due to the oil issue, even under the Shah, but it wasn't until UsefulNotes/SaddamHussein came into power that things really boiled over. Sensing the turmoil wrought from the Islamic Revolution, Saddam [[UsefulNotes/IranIraqWar launched a military offensive]] in an attempt to gain control of Iranian oil, consequently instigating a war that lasted throughout the 1980s. Most countries supported Iraq, with America even going so far as to provide chemical weapons to Saddam, although Iran did receive foreign aid, most notably from China. It was only after the death toll reached a quarter of a million deaths that anybody was willing to negotiate a ceasefire. Ruhollah Khomeini, the orchestrator of the Revolution and the Supreme Leader of Iran, refused initially. It wasn't until Hashemi Rafsanjani, his deputy, persuaded him otherwise that he accepted the ceasefire. Tensions remained long after the war, and it wasn't until Saddam was dethroned that Iran and Iraq have started patching things up.

to:

** UsefulNotes/{{Iraq}} was always a regional rival due to the oil issue, even under the Shah, but it wasn't until UsefulNotes/SaddamHussein came into power that things really boiled over. Sensing the turmoil wrought from the Islamic Revolution, Saddam [[UsefulNotes/IranIraqWar launched a military offensive]] in an attempt to gain control of Iranian oil, consequently instigating a war that lasted throughout the 1980s. Most countries supported Iraq, Iraq,the largest contributors being the Soviet Union and France, with America even going so far as to provide ignore Saddam's use of chemical weapons to Saddam, weapons, although Iran did receive foreign aid, most notably from China. It was only after the death toll reached a quarter of a million deaths that anybody was willing to negotiate a ceasefire. Ruhollah Khomeini, the orchestrator of the Revolution and the Supreme Leader of Iran, refused initially. It wasn't until Hashemi Rafsanjani, his deputy, persuaded him otherwise that he accepted the ceasefire. Tensions remained long after the war, and it wasn't until Saddam was dethroned that Iran and Iraq have started patching things up.
22nd Jul '17 11:59:31 AM jamespolk
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* '''Film/ASeparation''': About the disintegration of a marriage, Iranian-style, which has won quite a few awards.

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* '''Film/ASeparation''': About the disintegration of a marriage, Iranian-style, which has won quite a few awards. First Iranian film to win the Oscar for Best Foreign Language Film.




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* '''Film/TheSalesman''': Husband-and-wife actors have to cope after an incident of shocking violence. Second Iranian film to win the Foreign Language Film Oscar.
8th Jul '17 3:32:13 AM jormis29
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* '''Taste of Cherry''': Probably the most famous movie of Iranian auteur Abbas Kiarostami, about a man seeking help with his suicide. Suprisingly un-depressing for some reason.

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* '''Taste of Cherry''': '''Film/TasteOfCherry''': Probably the most famous movie of Iranian auteur Abbas Kiarostami, about a man seeking help with his suicide. Suprisingly un-depressing for some reason.
1st Jul '17 4:46:40 PM nombretomado
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* Iranians have a rich background when it comes to science. You can check TheOtherWiki for more information.

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* Iranians have a rich background when it comes to science. You can check TheOtherWiki Wiki/TheOtherWiki for more information.
18th Jun '17 11:52:22 PM bjex
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* Iran is an old country, dating back to 900 B.C. (or 3200 B.C. if you count Elam). Iran's history is divided into two parts by historians, ''Ancient Iran'' and ''post-Islamic Iran''.

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* Iran is an old country, dating back to 900 B.C. BCE (or 3200 B.C. BCE if you count Elam). Iran's history is divided into two parts by historians, ''Ancient Iran'' and ''post-Islamic Iran''.
11th Jun '17 3:24:36 PM nombretomado
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* Iran's official religion is Shi'a UsefulNotes/{{Islam}}. 98% of all Iranians are Muslim. Before Islam, most Iranians were [[{{Zoroastrianism}} Zoroastrian]]. A tiny community of Zoroastrians still live in Iran, but most Zoroastrians live elsewhere in modern times (particularly in India).

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* Iran's official religion is Shi'a UsefulNotes/{{Islam}}. 98% of all Iranians are Muslim. Before Islam, most Iranians were [[{{Zoroastrianism}} [[UsefulNotes/{{Zoroastrianism}} Zoroastrian]]. A tiny community of Zoroastrians still live in Iran, but most Zoroastrians live elsewhere in modern times (particularly in India).
10th May '17 5:36:39 AM theNerdytimes
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** Iran has long felt that Israel is an illegitimate state built upon unjust occupation of Palestinian inhabitants and a foreign "cancer" in the Middle East. Israel feels that its existence is threatened by Iranian terrorism, sponsorship of its' enemies (including [[TheButcher the Assad family]] and the explicitly genocidal Hezbollah) and the prospect of Iran obtaining nukes (and vehemently maintains that Iran is looking to get nukes). Iran insists that their nuclear program is for peaceful, civilian purposes, pointing to their being a signatory of the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (something Israel has not signed due to their "nuclear ambiguity"). Khomeini prosecuted Jews (along with anyone he felt was insufficiently Muslim) by the thousands under his rule, although things have softened up somewhat since Ali Khamenei succeeded him, as Jews now have a member in the Iranian parliament. Nevertheless, Israel and Iran maintain their hostility. This has led to something of a proxy conflict between the two, as Iran funds Hezbollah in Lebanon (whose founders were followers of Khomeini) and Hamas.
** Their premier enemy is the United States of America. The reason they have such a bitter feud is a long, complicated story, beginning with conflicts over Britain's sphere of interest over Southern Iran in the Victorian Era and US backing of it, to an invasion in UsefulNotes/WorldWarII, to ending a [[GambitPileup complicated standoff]] by overthrowing the popular, relatively liberal Prime Minister in 1953 (who wished to nationalize his country's oil when it was a hot strategic commodity, resulting in his group [[DealWithTheDevil making cause with the Soviets even if he personally disliked Communism]]) and re-instituting the authoritarian but pro-Western monarchy of the Shah. When the Islamic Revolution came around, Iranians took the American Embassy diplomats hostage for 444 days (and as ''Film/{{Argo}}'' told - with [[AmericaSavesTheDay some]] [[ArtisticLicenseHistory licenses]] and [[http://abcnews.go.com/Entertainment/wireStory/reports-iran-mulls-suing-hollywood-argo-18707756 ensuing protests from the Iranian government]] - a few employees managed to hide in the Canadian embassy and were removed from the country with a CrazyEnoughToWork plan). It should be noted America and Iran have tried to patch it up but, because of the inability to appease all factions within and outside them both and [[YourTerroristsAreOurFreedomFighters at least largely irreconcilable]] [[DemocracyIsBad worldviews between the two]], thus far it hasn't worked.

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** Iran has long felt that Israel UsefulNotes/{{Israel}} is an illegitimate state built upon unjust occupation of Palestinian inhabitants and a foreign "cancer" in the Middle East. Israel feels that its existence is threatened by Iranian terrorism, sponsorship of its' enemies (including [[TheButcher the Assad family]] and the explicitly genocidal Hezbollah) and the prospect of Iran obtaining nukes (and vehemently maintains that Iran is looking to get nukes). Iran insists that their nuclear program is for peaceful, civilian purposes, pointing to their being a signatory of the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (something Israel has not signed due to their "nuclear ambiguity"). Khomeini prosecuted Jews (along with anyone he felt was insufficiently Muslim) by the thousands under his rule, although things have softened up somewhat since Ali Khamenei succeeded him, as Jews now have a member in the Iranian parliament. Nevertheless, Israel and Iran maintain their hostility. This has led to something of a proxy conflict between the two, as Iran funds Hezbollah in Lebanon (whose founders were followers of Khomeini) and Hamas.
** Their premier enemy is [[UsefulNotes/TheUnitedStates the United States of America.America]]. The reason they have such a bitter feud is a long, complicated story, beginning with conflicts over Britain's sphere of interest over Southern Iran in the Victorian Era and US backing of it, to an invasion in UsefulNotes/WorldWarII, to ending a [[GambitPileup complicated standoff]] by overthrowing the popular, relatively liberal Prime Minister in 1953 (who wished to nationalize his country's oil when it was a hot strategic commodity, resulting in his group [[DealWithTheDevil making cause with the Soviets even if he personally disliked Communism]]) and re-instituting the authoritarian but pro-Western monarchy of the Shah. When the Islamic Revolution came around, Iranians took the American Embassy diplomats hostage for 444 days (and as ''Film/{{Argo}}'' told - with [[AmericaSavesTheDay some]] [[ArtisticLicenseHistory licenses]] and [[http://abcnews.go.com/Entertainment/wireStory/reports-iran-mulls-suing-hollywood-argo-18707756 ensuing protests from the Iranian government]] - a few employees managed to hide in the Canadian embassy and were removed from the country with a CrazyEnoughToWork plan). It should be noted America and Iran have tried to patch it up but, because of the inability to appease all factions within and outside them both and [[YourTerroristsAreOurFreedomFighters at least largely irreconcilable]] [[DemocracyIsBad worldviews between the two]], thus far it hasn't worked.
1st Apr '17 2:04:57 AM proudeagle
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** Due to the overarching influence of the Safavids as mentioned above, all major Muslim ethnic groups in Iran more or less submit to Shia Islam, even those that one wouldn't expect to be one, like the Arab minority. Outside of Iran, the Safavid influence also reaches some other countries in the region, most notably Iraq (Iraqi Arabs who were concentrated in the villages and towns in the south of Iraq where Savafid influence was strongest became Shi'ites, Iraqi Arabs in the major cities (e.g. Basra) and further north (modern Babil and northwards) didn't convert. The demographic changes in these areas are much more recent, as any look into the situation in Iraq in the 1920s would tell you), Bahrain (though many of whom are descended of Persian immigrants), Afghanistan (the Hazaras submitted to the Safavids, though the others didn't), and Azerbaijan (majority Azeris).

to:

** Due to the overarching influence of the Safavids as mentioned above, all major Muslim ethnic groups in Iran more or less submit to Shia Islam, even those that one wouldn't expect to be one, like the Arab minority. Outside of Iran, the Safavid influence also reaches some other countries in the region, most notably Iraq (Iraqi Arabs who were concentrated in the villages and towns in the south of Iraq where Savafid influence was strongest became Shi'ites, Iraqi Arabs in the major cities (e.g. Basra) and further north (modern (what is now province of Babil and northwards) didn't convert. The demographic changes in these areas are much more recent, as any look into the situation demographics in Iraq in the 1920s would tell you), Bahrain (though many of whom are descended of Persian immigrants), Afghanistan (the Hazaras submitted to the Safavids, though the others didn't), and Azerbaijan (majority Azeris).
1st Apr '17 1:58:47 AM proudeagle
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** Due to the overarching influence of the Safavids as mentioned above, all major Muslim ethnic groups in Iran more or less submit to Shia Islam, even those that one wouldn't expect to be one, like the Arab minority. Outside of Iran, the Safavid influence also reaches some other countries in the region, most notably Iraq (Iraqi Arabs are famously Shi'ites, although [[CriticalResearchFailure this gets glossed often in the media]]), Bahrain (same as Iraq), Afghanistan (the Hazaras submitted to the Safavids, though the others didn't), and Azerbaijan (majority Azeris).

to:

** Due to the overarching influence of the Safavids as mentioned above, all major Muslim ethnic groups in Iran more or less submit to Shia Islam, even those that one wouldn't expect to be one, like the Arab minority. Outside of Iran, the Safavid influence also reaches some other countries in the region, most notably Iraq (Iraqi Arabs are famously who were concentrated in the villages and towns in the south of Iraq where Savafid influence was strongest became Shi'ites, although [[CriticalResearchFailure this gets glossed often Iraqi Arabs in the media]]), major cities (e.g. Basra) and further north (modern Babil and northwards) didn't convert. The demographic changes in these areas are much more recent, as any look into the situation in Iraq in the 1920s would tell you), Bahrain (same as Iraq), (though many of whom are descended of Persian immigrants), Afghanistan (the Hazaras submitted to the Safavids, though the others didn't), and Azerbaijan (majority Azeris).
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