History UsefulNotes / Existentialism

23rd Jan '17 6:45:45 PM Mr.Bubbles
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[[folder:Films -- Animated]]
* ''WesternAnimation/{{Rango}}'': "No man can walk out on his own story." While this may sound like an argument for predestination, the film itself is about how an individual dropped into a harsh and confusing world discovers that only he can answer the question, “Who am I?”


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[[folder:Films -- Animated]]
* ''WesternAnimation/{{Rango}}'': "No man can walk out on his own story." While this may sound like an argument for predestination, the film itself is about how an individual dropped into a harsh and confusing world discovers that only he can answer the question, “Who am I?”
[[/folder]]
23rd Jan '17 6:45:26 PM Mr.Bubbles
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[[folder:Fan Works]]
* ''Blog/ThePredespairKids'': [[BadassBookworm Kyoji Nakamura]] has existentialism at the core of his character. He views concepts like hope and justice has being inherently meaningless, but not worthless. That we're the ones who give morals their value. He also sees despair as a disease that needs to be cured.
23rd Nov '16 3:14:00 AM Wuz
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* The works of GenUrobuchi tend to have strong existentialist themes, with characters who discover that the world doesn't work the way they thought it did and having to then define themselves as their own individuals, rather than by the standards they used before. The process is never portrayed as fun or easy, but the characters come out the other end much stronger people.
* Madoka Magica features several nods to existentialism. They talk a lot about freedom of choice and despair The ending of the anime is basically a kierkegaardian leap of faith to protect people from despair. The Rebellion movie has a lot of Nietzschean themes and quotes his famous "god is dead". Homuras journey of doing the same "pointless" task over and over to protect herself from despair is similar to Nietzsches eternal return as well as Albert Camus "Myth of Sysiphus".

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* The works of GenUrobuchi Creator/GenUrobuchi tend to have strong existentialist themes, with characters who discover that the world doesn't work the way they thought it did and having to then define themselves as their own individuals, rather than by the standards they used before. The process is never portrayed as fun or easy, but the characters come out the other end much stronger people.
* Madoka Magica ''Anime/PuellaMagiMadokaMagica'' features several nods to existentialism. They talk a lot about freedom of choice and despair The ending of the anime is basically a kierkegaardian leap of faith to protect people from despair. The Rebellion movie has a lot of Nietzschean themes and quotes his famous "god is dead". Homuras journey of doing the same "pointless" task over and over to protect herself from despair is similar to Nietzsches eternal return as well as Albert Camus "Myth of Sysiphus".
20th Nov '16 3:17:18 PM SSJKamui
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* Alexander Dugin, who is an advisor of Vladimir Putin (some even suspect his main influence) and who is connected to a large group of radical politicians from all over the world (ranging from Syriza in greece, to Front National in France to some politicians of the Alternative for Germany, Turkey and Japan) is strongly influenced by existentialism and wants to change the subject of political theory from class/race/individualism to Dasein/Existence. Dugin wrote several books on Heidegger, stated that US americans need to adopt existentialist ideas to thrive, and published an article where he used the philosophy of Jean Paul Sartre to analyse David Bowie.

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* Alexander Dugin, who is an advisor of Vladimir Putin (some even suspect his main influence) and who is connected to a large group of radical politicians from all over the world (ranging from Syriza in greece, to Front National in France to some politicians of the Alternative for Germany, Turkey and Japan) is strongly influenced by existentialism and wants to change the subject of political theory from class/race/individualism to Dasein/Existence. Dugin wrote several books on Heidegger, stated that US americans need to adopt existentialist ideas to thrive, and published an article where he used the philosophy of Jean Paul Sartre to analyse David Bowie. During his early days, he and Eduard Limonov used Punk/Heavy Metal music concerts as a platform to advertise their philosophy.
20th Nov '16 3:14:29 PM SSJKamui
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Added DiffLines:

* Alexander Dugin, who is an advisor of Vladimir Putin (some even suspect his main influence) and who is connected to a large group of radical politicians from all over the world (ranging from Syriza in greece, to Front National in France to some politicians of the Alternative for Germany, Turkey and Japan) is strongly influenced by existentialism and wants to change the subject of political theory from class/race/individualism to Dasein/Existence. Dugin wrote several books on Heidegger, stated that US americans need to adopt existentialist ideas to thrive, and published an article where he used the philosophy of Jean Paul Sartre to analyse David Bowie.
20th Nov '16 2:59:40 PM SSJKamui
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Added DiffLines:

* Madoka Magica features several nods to existentialism. They talk a lot about freedom of choice and despair The ending of the anime is basically a kierkegaardian leap of faith to protect people from despair. The Rebellion movie has a lot of Nietzschean themes and quotes his famous "god is dead". Homuras journey of doing the same "pointless" task over and over to protect herself from despair is similar to Nietzsches eternal return as well as Albert Camus "Myth of Sysiphus".
12th Oct '16 4:09:20 AM Morgenthaler
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[[folder:Film]]
%%* ''BeingThere''

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[[folder:Film]]
[[folder:Films -- Animated]]
* ''WesternAnimation/{{Rango}}'': "No man can walk out on his own story." While this may sound like an argument for predestination, the film itself is about how an individual dropped into a harsh and confusing world discovers that only he can answer the question, “Who am I?”
[[/folder]]

[[folder:Films -- Live-Action]]
%%* ''BeingThere''''Film/BeingThere''



* ''WesternAnimation/{{Rango}}'': "No man can walk out on his own story." While this may sound like an argument for predestination, the film itself is about how an individual dropped into a harsh and confusing world discovers that only he can answer the question, “Who am I?”



%%* ''ZorbaTheGreek''

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%%* ''ZorbaTheGreek''''Film/ZorbaTheGreek''



12th Oct '16 4:08:07 AM Morgenthaler
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%%* ''{{Candide}}'' Generally considered to be one of the forerunners. Famous for the phrase, "That is well said, but we must cultivate our garden."

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%%* ''{{Candide}}'' ''Literature/{{Candide}}'' Generally considered to be one of the forerunners. Famous for the phrase, "That is well said, but we must cultivate our garden."



* ''HisDarkMaterials'': If GodIsEvil and the best afterlife we can hope for is to [[CessationOfExistence dissolve into pure energy]], then it is our duty to have a story to tell when we look back on our lives.

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* ''HisDarkMaterials'': ''Literature/HisDarkMaterials'': If GodIsEvil and the best afterlife we can hope for is to [[CessationOfExistence dissolve into pure energy]], then it is our duty to have a story to tell when we look back on our lives.



%%* ''NotesFromUnderground''

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%%* ''NotesFromUnderground''''Literature/NotesFromUnderground''



* ''{{Planescape}}'': Living next door to angels and demons and being able to visit gods and meet them in person, the people of [[CityPlanet Sigil]] have long given up on religion and the city is dominated by several philosophical factions that seek to find meaning in existence.

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* ''{{Planescape}}'': ''TabletopGame/{{Planescape}}'': Living next door to angels and demons and being able to visit gods and meet them in person, the people of [[CityPlanet Sigil]] have long given up on religion and the city is dominated by several philosophical factions that seek to find meaning in existence. existence.



%%* ''RosencrantzAndGuildensternAreDead''

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%%* ''RosencrantzAndGuildensternAreDead''''Theatre/RosencrantzAndGuildensternAreDead''



%%* ''FinalFantasy''

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%%* ''FinalFantasy''''VideoGame/FinalFantasy''



%%* ''LegacyOfKain''

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%%* ''LegacyOfKain''''VideoGame/LegacyOfKain''
17th Sep '16 7:05:42 AM justanid
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[[folder: Other]]
* Comedian Kevin Bridges did a bit about how God created the universe, but 'pissed off' because he had other properties to attend to. Humanity's only response to a godless world is to be like a teenager having a party when his parents are away for the weekend. At a wild party it's a given you'll get roughed up a bit.
[[/folder]]


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[[folder:Other]]
* Comedian Kevin Bridges did a bit about how God created the universe, but 'pissed off' because he had other properties to attend to. Humanity's only response to a godless world is to be like a teenager having a party when his parents are away for the weekend. At a wild party it's a given you'll get roughed up a bit.
[[/folder]]
17th Sep '16 7:02:50 AM justanid
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->''There is nothing with which every man is so afraid as getting to know how enormously much he is capable of doing and becoming.''

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->''There ->''"There is nothing with which every man is so afraid as getting to know how enormously much he is capable of doing and becoming.''"''



Existentialism is [[PostSomethingIsm the response]] to the soul-crushingly [[TheFatalist fatalistic]], [[WhatIsEvil morally relativistic]], DarknessInducedAudienceApathy-fostering [[CrapsackWorld worldview]] of [[StrawNihilist Nihilism]]. Nihilism (a tragic consequence of the scientific scepticism of the [[RomanticismVersusEnlightenment Enlightenment]]) {{deconstruct|ion}}s and rejects all ethics, ideals and meanings in life as meaningless unproven lies (e.g., science can't differentiate which morality exists and which is propaganda). However, existentialism on the other hand embraces this subjectivity. The existentialist agrees that "meaning" is an empty word, [[HumansAreFlawed our life sucks]] and [[YouCantFightFate there's nothing we can do about it]]. However, they also point out that each individual can have the choice to ''make the most out of each hour of their empty lives''-those who choose to spend it being bored, following others, {{wangst}}ing endlessly, adhering to [[ItAmusedMe hedonism]] or ForTheEvulz, are [[SillyRabbitCynicismIsForLosers wasting it]].

to:

Existentialism is [[PostSomethingIsm the response]] to the soul-crushingly [[TheFatalist fatalistic]], [[WhatIsEvil morally relativistic]], DarknessInducedAudienceApathy-fostering [[CrapsackWorld worldview]] worldview of [[StrawNihilist Nihilism]]. Nihilism (a A tragic consequence of the scientific scepticism of the [[RomanticismVersusEnlightenment Enlightenment]]) [[UsefulNotes/TheEnlightenment The Enlightenment]], Nihilism {{deconstruct|ion}}s and rejects all ethics, ideals and meanings in life as meaningless unproven lies (e.g., science can't differentiate which morality {{morality|Tropes}} exists and which is propaganda). However, {{propaganda|Piece}}).

On the other hand,
existentialism on the other hand embraces this subjectivity. The existentialist agrees that "meaning" is an empty word, [[HumansAreFlawed our life sucks]] and [[YouCantFightFate there's nothing we can do about it]]. However, they also point out that each individual can have the choice to ''make the most out of each hour of their empty lives''-those lives''. Those who choose to spend it being bored, following others, {{wangst}}ing endlessly, adhering to [[ItAmusedMe hedonism]] hedonism]], or ForTheEvulz, ForTheEvulz are [[SillyRabbitCynicismIsForLosers wasting it]].



The term "[[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Existential_angst#Angst Existential]] {{Angst}}" was even coined to describe the sudden feeling of QuickSandbox it gave them, especially if they had just abandoned the FreedomFromChoice provided by both religion and social peer pressure.

Most existentialist thinkers, such as Creator/JeanPaulSartre and Friedrich Nietzsche, are atheists. That being said, some existentialist thinkers have incorporated religion into their thinking and philosophies (for example, Søren Kierkegaard, who is considered to be the father of existentialism, incorporates his Christian religious beliefs into his existentialist thinking).

to:

The term "[[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Existential_angst#Angst Existential]] {{Angst}}" was even coined to describe the sudden feeling of QuickSandbox QuicksandBox it gave them, especially if they had just abandoned the FreedomFromChoice provided by both religion and social peer pressure.

Most existentialist thinkers, such as Creator/JeanPaulSartre and Friedrich Nietzsche, Creator/FriedrichNietzsche, are atheists. That being said, some existentialist thinkers have incorporated religion into their thinking and philosophies (for example, Søren Kierkegaard, who is considered to be the father of existentialism, incorporates his Christian religious beliefs into his existentialist thinking).
thinking).

While existential motifs are OlderThanYouThink, Søren Kierkegaard, Creator/FyodorDostoevsky, Creator/LeoTolstoy and Friedrich Nietzsche foreshadowed in the 19th century some of what would be the defining characteristics of the philosophy, although they didn't know each other and the philosophy was unnamed. Sartre himself went further, citing Jesus's words on the cross in the Gospel of Matthew [[note]] "My God! My God! Why have you forsaken me?" [[/note]]. The term "existentialism" seems to have been coined by the French philosopher Gabriel Marcel. It gained popularity in the early 1940s around the time of the Modernist movement (amidst incomprehensible scientific discoveries that inspired LovecraftianFiction, and of course the horrors of WorldWarTwo, which contributed to further [[TrueArtIsAngsty popularity of Angst in the arts]]), when Jean-Paul Sartre [[TropeCodifier codified]] existential philosophy with three words: "Existence precedes essence." It was the reverse of most previous philosophical thought, which held that the essence (soul, purpose, meaning) of a thing came first. Existentialism coevolved with, and takes tropes and inspirations from, the artistic movement of PostModernism, which [[NoFourthWall dissolves the boundary between life and art and reality and fiction]]. Both are connected by the philosophy that life is art, and you can live your life as your own creative art.

Existentialism however had a very serious and political edge as well, which also reflected and affected the arts. Sartre noted that people who didn't take responsibility and live their life as they feel, and continued to kowtow to either family pressure, Church dogmas, or a party line without thinking and challenging it for themselves were living in "bad faith"; and that even people in exceptionally difficult situations have to choose how best to live their lives and be NeutralNoLonger (or TakeAThirdOption). With everyone "condemned to be free" people are left to find WhatYouAreInTheDark; discovering an identity separate from their gender, sexuality, family, religion, political persuasion, or nationality. Needless to say, this notion of radical freedom was very appealing to the TheSixties generation around the world.

You'll find that many of the people held up as examples of existentialism indignantly claimed that they weren't -- probably a side-effect of the fact that nonconformity is one of the school's main tenets ("Once you label me, you negate me" is a famous line of Kierkegaard's).

TheOtherWiki [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Existentialism has an article and analysis on this subject.]]



While existential motifs are OlderThanYouThink, Søren Kierkegaard, Creator/FyodorDostoevsky, Creator/LeoTolstoy and Creator/FriedrichNietzsche foreshadowed in the 19th century some of what would be the defining characteristics of the philosophy, although they didn't know each other and the philosophy was unnamed. Sartre himself went further, citing Jesus's words on the cross in the Gospel of Matthew [[note]] "My God! My God! Why have you forsaken me?" [[/note]]. The term "existentialism" seems to have been coined by the French philosopher Gabriel Marcel. It gained popularity in the early 1940s around the time of the Modernist movement (amidst incomprehensible scientific discoveries that inspired LovecraftianFiction, and of course the horrors of WorldWarTwo, which contributed to further [[TrueArtIsAngsty popularity of Angst in the arts]]), when Jean-Paul Sartre [[TropeCodifier codified]] existential philosophy with three words: "Existence precedes essence." It was the reverse of most previous philosophical thought, which held that the essence (soul, purpose, meaning) of a thing came first. Existentialism coevolved with, and takes tropes and inspirations from, the artistic movement of PostModernism, which [[NoFourthWall dissolves the boundary between life and art and reality and fiction]]. Both are connected by the philosophy that life is art, and you can live your life as your own creative art.

Existentialism however had a very serious and political edge as well, which also reflected and affected the arts. Sartre noted that people who didn't take responsibility and live their life as they feel, and continued to kowtow to either family pressure, Church dogmas or a party line without thinking and challenging it for themselves were living in "bad faith" and that even people in exceptionally difficult situations had to choose and decide how best to live their lives and take a stand and be NeutralNoLonger and/or TakeAThirdOption. Everyone is "condemned to be free" and in the end, people have to find out WhatYouAreInTheDark of their own conscience and create an identity separate from their gender, sexuality, family, religion, political persuasion and nationality. This notion of radical freedom was needless to say very appealing for the generation of TheSixties, in France, England, America and around the world.

You'll find that many of the people held up as examples of existentialism indignantly claimed that they weren't-probably a side-effect of the fact that nonconformity is one of the school's main tenets ("Once you label me, you negate me" is a famous line of Kierkegaard's).

TheOtherWiki [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Existentialism has an article and analysis on the subject.]] Related to {{Absurdism}}, {{Postmodernism}}, {{Romanticism}} and Individualism.

to:

While existential motifs are OlderThanYouThink, Søren Kierkegaard, Creator/FyodorDostoevsky, Creator/LeoTolstoy and Creator/FriedrichNietzsche foreshadowed in the 19th century some of what would be the defining characteristics of the philosophy, although they didn't know each other and the philosophy was unnamed. Sartre himself went further, citing Jesus's words on the cross in the Gospel of Matthew [[note]] "My God! My God! Why have you forsaken me?" [[/note]]. The term "existentialism" seems to have been coined by the French philosopher Gabriel Marcel. It gained popularity in the early 1940s around the time of the Modernist movement (amidst incomprehensible scientific discoveries that inspired LovecraftianFiction, and of course the horrors of WorldWarTwo, which contributed to further [[TrueArtIsAngsty popularity of Angst in the arts]]), when Jean-Paul Sartre [[TropeCodifier codified]] existential philosophy with three words: "Existence precedes essence." It was the reverse of most previous philosophical thought, which held that the essence (soul, purpose, meaning) of a thing came first. Existentialism coevolved with, and takes tropes and inspirations from, the artistic movement of PostModernism, which [[NoFourthWall dissolves the boundary between life and art and reality and fiction]]. Both are connected by the philosophy that life is art, and you can live your life as your own creative art.

Existentialism however had a very serious and political edge as well, which
See also reflected and affected the arts. Sartre noted that people who didn't take responsibility and live their life as they feel, and continued to kowtow to either family pressure, Church dogmas or a party line without thinking and challenging it for themselves were living in "bad faith" and that even people in exceptionally difficult situations had to choose and decide how best to live their lives and take a stand and be NeutralNoLonger and/or TakeAThirdOption. Everyone is "condemned to be free" and in the end, people have to find out WhatYouAreInTheDark of their own conscience and create an identity separate from their gender, sexuality, family, religion, political persuasion and nationality. This notion of radical freedom was needless to say very appealing for the generation of TheSixties, in France, England, America and around the world.

You'll find that many of the people held up as examples of existentialism indignantly claimed that they weren't-probably a side-effect of the fact that nonconformity is one of the school's main tenets ("Once you label me, you negate me" is a famous line of Kierkegaard's).

TheOtherWiki [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Existentialism has an article and analysis on the subject.]] Related to
{{Absurdism}}, {{Postmodernism}}, {{Romanticism}} and Individualism.Individualism.
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