History Theatre / RichardII

12th Jun '16 8:40:29 PM PaulA
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* AmbiguouslyGay: Richard. This is possibly due to the fact that the play was heavily inspired by [[Creator/ChristopherMarlowe Marlowe's]] ''Edward II'', wherein Edward is ''very'' gay and has a canonical male lover.

to:

* AmbiguouslyGay: Richard. This is possibly due to the fact that the play was heavily inspired by [[Creator/ChristopherMarlowe Marlowe's]] ''Edward II'', ''Theatre/EdwardII'', wherein Edward is ''very'' gay and has a canonical male lover.
9th Jun '16 6:59:31 PM ManicDepressiveMouse
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A performance of the play can be seen [[http://pursuedbyabear.net/specials/514/ here.]] In 2012, the BBC produced ''Richard II'' as part of ''Series/TheHollowCrown'' series with Ben Whishaw as Richard, Rory Kinnear as Bollingbroke and Creator/PatrickStewart as Gaunt, and in 2013, a Royal Shakespeare Company production with Creator/DavidTennant in the title role was broadcast to cinemas internationally.

to:

A performance of the play can be seen [[http://pursuedbyabear.net/specials/514/ here.]] In 2012, the BBC produced ''Richard II'' as part of ''Series/TheHollowCrown'' series with Ben Whishaw as Richard, Rory Kinnear as Bollingbroke and Creator/PatrickStewart as Gaunt, and in 2013, a Royal Shakespeare Company production with Creator/DavidTennant in the title role was broadcast to cinemas internationally.internationally (and is [[http://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/p03rkk2x available to stream for free internationally]] for much of 2016, part of the BBC's Shakespeare400 celebrations).
26th Apr '16 4:19:54 PM Discar
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-->''You may my glories and my state depose,''
-->''But not my griefs; still am I king of those.''
-->--'''King Richard II''', IV.i

to:

-->''You ->''You may my glories and my state depose,''
-->''But
depose,''\\
''But
not my griefs; still am I king of those.''
-->--'''King -->-- '''King Richard II''', IV.i



* HeroAntagonist: Bolingbroke spends the second half of the play actively moving against Richard, initially to re-claim his father Gaunt's lands which Richard seized upon Gaunt's death to fund his wars in Ireland, but later to take the throne for himself, believing that ability is a more important quality in a ruler than the divine right in which Richard believes.

to:

* HeroAntagonist: Bolingbroke spends the second half of the play actively moving against Richard, initially to re-claim his father Gaunt's lands which Richard seized upon Gaunt's death to fund his wars in Ireland, but later to take the throne for himself, believing that ability is a more important quality in a ruler than the [[DivineRightOfKings divine right right]] in which Richard believes.



* PoorCommunicationKills: Played with. Richard and Bolingbroke are actually very plain about their thoughts and intentions when speaking to each other. Henry never actually demands the crown from Richard; at all times, he merely demands his inheritance back and insists Richard made a mistake by taking it from him. Richard, believing in his own infallibility as king, immediately thinks Bolingbroke is launching a coup and rants about it, because if a king is capable of fallibility, he is no longer king. Henry and Richard's vastly different mindsets turn what seems to be an honest conversation into an argument about what makes a king: divine right or their own actions.

to:

* PoorCommunicationKills: Played with. Richard and Bolingbroke are actually very plain about their thoughts and intentions when speaking to each other. Henry never actually demands the crown from Richard; at all times, he merely demands his inheritance back and insists Richard made a mistake by taking it from him. Richard, believing in his own infallibility as king, immediately thinks Bolingbroke is launching a coup and rants about it, because if a king is capable of fallibility, he is no longer king. Henry and Richard's vastly different mindsets turn what seems to be an honest conversation into an argument about what makes a king: divine right [[DivineRightOfKings Divine right]] or their own actions.
7th Mar '16 11:36:50 AM mlsmithca
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One of the main characteristics of the play is its ornate, beautiful language, especially the flowery speeches of Richard II. He is contrasted with Bolingbroke, who is very plainspoken. The play is also one of just four by Shakespeare to be written entirely in iambic pentameter, with no prose passages. Another notable feature is the "de-coronation" scene, which was cut from the original editions of the play because of its political touchiness -- the resemblances between Richard and Elizabeth are great. Indeed, the Earl of Essex requested the play be performed the evening before his failed uprising against the queen.

to:

One of the main characteristics of the play is its ornate, beautiful language, especially the flowery speeches of Richard II. He is contrasted with Bolingbroke, who is very plainspoken. The play is also one of just four two by Shakespeare (''Theatre/KingJohn'' being the other) to be written entirely in iambic pentameter, with no prose passages. Another notable feature is the "de-coronation" scene, which was cut from the original editions of the play because of its political touchiness -- the resemblances between Richard and Elizabeth are great. Indeed, the Earl of Essex requested the play be performed the evening before his failed uprising against the queen.
5th Mar '16 2:29:02 PM mlsmithca
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An English history play by Creator/WilliamShakespeare. It's the first play in Shakespeare's second tetralogy, which includes ''HenryIV, Parts 1 & 2'', and ''HenryV''. It is believed to have been composed in 1595, and is sometimes referred to as a tragedy. It chronicles the later years of King Richard II of England, who reigned from 1377 to 1399, as he is overthrown by Henry Bolingbroke, later King Henry IV.

to:

An English history play by Creator/WilliamShakespeare. It's the first play in Shakespeare's second tetralogy, which includes ''HenryIV, ''Theatre/HenryIV, Parts 1 & 2'', and ''HenryV''.''Theatre/HenryV''. It is believed to have been composed in 1595, and is sometimes referred to as a tragedy. It chronicles the later years of King Richard II of England, who reigned from 1377 to 1399, as he is overthrown by Henry Bolingbroke, later King Henry IV.



** [[Theatre/HenryIV Prince Hal]] gets a mention in a throwaway line (Bolingbroke, now king, asks if anyone has heard from his son; when told he has been carousing in taverns with lowlifes, Bolingbroke mutters that he hopes Hal grows out of such things one day), but he never actually appears.

to:

** [[Theatre/HenryIV [[Theatre/HenryV Prince Hal]] gets a mention in a throwaway line (Bolingbroke, now king, asks if anyone has heard from his son; when told he has been carousing in taverns with lowlifes, Bolingbroke mutters that he hopes Hal grows out of such things one day), but he never actually appears.



-->'''Richard:''' Mount, mount, my soul! thy seat is up on high;
-->Whilst my gross flesh sinks downward, here to die.

to:

-->'''Richard:''' Mount, mount, my soul! thy seat is up on high;
-->Whilst
high;\\
Whilst
my gross flesh sinks downward, here to die.



-->'''Richard:''' O flattering glass,
-->Like to my followers in prosperity,
-->Thou dost beguile me!

to:

-->'''Richard:''' O flattering glass,
-->Like
glass,\\
Like
to my followers in prosperity,
-->Thou
prosperity,\\
Thou
dost beguile me!
4th Mar '16 9:46:50 PM mlsmithca
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One of the main characteristics of the play is its ornate, beautiful language, especially the flowery speeches of Richard II. He is contrasted with Bolingbroke, who is very plainspoken. Another notable feature is the "de-coronation" scene, which was cut from the original editions of the play because of its political touchiness-- the resemblances between Richard and Elizabeth are great. Indeed, the Earl of Essex requested the play be performed the evening before his failed uprising against the queen.

A performance of the play can be seen [[http://pursuedbyabear.net/specials/514/ here.]] In 2012, the BBC produced ''Richard II'' as part of "Series/TheHollowCrown" series with Ben Whishaw as Richard, Rory Kinnear as Bollingbroke and Creator/PatrickStewart as Gaunt, and in 2013, a Royal Shakespeare Company production with Creator/DavidTennant in the title role was broadcast to cinemas internationally.

to:

One of the main characteristics of the play is its ornate, beautiful language, especially the flowery speeches of Richard II. He is contrasted with Bolingbroke, who is very plainspoken. The play is also one of just four by Shakespeare to be written entirely in iambic pentameter, with no prose passages. Another notable feature is the "de-coronation" scene, which was cut from the original editions of the play because of its political touchiness-- touchiness -- the resemblances between Richard and Elizabeth are great. Indeed, the Earl of Essex requested the play be performed the evening before his failed uprising against the queen.

A performance of the play can be seen [[http://pursuedbyabear.net/specials/514/ here.]] In 2012, the BBC produced ''Richard II'' as part of "Series/TheHollowCrown" ''Series/TheHollowCrown'' series with Ben Whishaw as Richard, Rory Kinnear as Bollingbroke and Creator/PatrickStewart as Gaunt, and in 2013, a Royal Shakespeare Company production with Creator/DavidTennant in the title role was broadcast to cinemas internationally.



* TheAce [=/=] BrokenAce: Bolingbroke. He's basically everything Richard is ''not''. He ends up as the latter by the play's end, and begins ''HenryIV'' angsting about what he did.

to:

* TheAce [=/=] BrokenAce: TheAce: Bolingbroke. He's basically everything Richard is ''not''. ''not'': a cunning strategist, a capable decision maker, and popular with the English people. He ends up as the latter a BrokenAce by the play's end, and begins ''HenryIV'' ''Theatre/HenryIV'' angsting about what he did.



* BadAss: Richard, at least in the ''Hollow Crown'' production. Despite being almost naked, completely unarmed and trapped in his prison, he manages to kill one of his assassins before the crossbows do the rest.
** Some versions of his death scene emphasize this more than others; at least one version of the text has him wresting a weapon from his assassins' hands (sometimes [[AnAxeToGrind an axe]]) and killing two of them, practically bleeding [[FacingTheBulletsOneLiner Facing The Bullets rebukes]]. At any rate, the death scene is Richard at his most [[TragicHero heroic.]]

to:

* BadAss: {{Badass}}: Richard, at least in the ''Hollow Crown'' production. Despite being almost naked, completely unarmed and trapped in his prison, he manages to kill one of his assassins before the crossbows do the rest.
**
rest. Some versions of his death scene emphasize this more than others; at least one version of the text has him wresting a weapon from his assassins' hands (sometimes [[AnAxeToGrind an axe]]) and killing two of them, practically bleeding [[FacingTheBulletsOneLiner Facing The Bullets rebukes]]. At any rate, the death scene is Richard at his most [[TragicHero heroic.]]



* BigScrewedUpFamily: They're [[UsefulNotes/TheHouseOfPlantagenet Plantagenets]]: what did you expect?
** Gaunt and Bolingbroke are an exception. They only have two scenes together, but the mutual love and respect between father and son is apparent.

to:

* BigScrewedUpFamily: They're [[UsefulNotes/TheHouseOfPlantagenet Plantagenets]]: what did you expect?
**
expect? Although Gaunt and Bolingbroke are an exception. They only have two scenes together, but the mutual love and respect between father and son is apparent.



* BreakTheHaughty: Richard's fate, as witness the contrast between Act III, Scene 2...
-->''Not all the water in the rough rude sea''
-->''Can wash the balm off from an anointed king.''
** ...and Act IV, Scene 1:
-->''With mine own tears I wash away my balm.'''

to:

* BreakTheHaughty: Richard's fate, as witness the contrast between Act III, Scene 2...
-->''Not
2, in which he says, "Not all the water in the rough rude sea''
-->''Can
sea / Can wash the balm off from an anointed king.''
** ...
king," and Act IV, Scene 1:
-->''With
1, when his tune has changed to "With mine own tears I wash away my balm.'''"



* DeathEqualsRedemption: in a variation of the trope, Richard finally lives up to his ancestors with his valor at the moment of death.

to:

* DeathEqualsRedemption: in In a variation of the trope, Richard finally lives up to his ancestors with his valor at the moment of death.



-->'''Mowbray:''' A jewel in a ten-times-barr'd-up chest
-->Is a bold spirit in a loyal breast.

to:

-->'''Mowbray:''' A jewel in a ten-times-barr'd-up chest
-->Is
chest\\
Is
a bold spirit in a loyal breast.



* HeroAntagonist: Bolingbroke.

to:

* HeroAntagonist: Bolingbroke. Bolingbroke spends the second half of the play actively moving against Richard, initially to re-claim his father Gaunt's lands which Richard seized upon Gaunt's death to fund his wars in Ireland, but later to take the throne for himself, believing that ability is a more important quality in a ruler than the divine right in which Richard believes.



* PlotTriggeringDeath: The Duke of Gloucester's murder, which was very probably done on Richard's orders, causes Bolingbroke and Mowbray to accuse each other of treason, setting the rest of the events of the play in motion.

to:

* PlotTriggeringDeath: The Duke of Gloucester's murder, which was very probably done on his nephew Richard's orders, causes Bolingbroke and Mowbray to accuse each other of treason, setting the rest of the events of the play in motion.



* VillainProtagonist: Richard.

to:

* VillainProtagonist: Richard.Richard is the main character of the play, but he is a capricious, ineffective, unpopular ruler who seizes his uncle's lands to fund an ill-considered war in Ireland, even though said uncle's son is still alive.
4th Mar '16 9:27:52 PM mlsmithca
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* DueToTheDead: Bolingbroke determines not only to give Richard a properly royal funeral, but to make a crusade of expiation (he never did fulfill the second part, either in Shakespeare or RealLife.)

to:

* DueToTheDead: Bolingbroke determines not only to give Richard a properly royal funeral, but to make a crusade of expiation (he never did fulfill the second part, either in Shakespeare or RealLife.)RealLife).



** [[HenryIV Prince Hal]] gets a mention in a throwaway line, but he never actually appears.

to:

** [[HenryIV [[Theatre/HenryIV Prince Hal]] gets a mention in a throwaway line, line (Bolingbroke, now king, asks if anyone has heard from his son; when told he has been carousing in taverns with lowlifes, Bolingbroke mutters that he hopes Hal grows out of such things one day), but he never actually appears.



* EstablishingCharacterMoment: Richard interrupting the duel between Bolingbroke and Mowbray to banish them for ten (changed to six) years and life, respectively. He is shown to change his mind easily (first he lets the duel go ahead, then he doesn't; first he exiles Bolingbroke for ten years, then six) and make snap decisions for arbitrary reasons (he waits until Bolingbroke and Mowbray are about to strike the first blows to stop the duel, and gives no real reason for why Mowbray is exiled for life and Bolingbroke is not). These traits lead him to make further bad decisions that turn the English nobility and common people alike against him, resulting in Bolingbroke having little trouble getting widespread support for his attempt to depose Richard.



* FamousLastWords: The titular character.

to:

* FamousLastWords: The titular title character.



* IHaveNoSon: the Duke of York reacting to Aumerle's treason against Bolingbroke.

to:

* IHaveNoSon: the The Duke of York reacting to Aumerle's treason against Bolingbroke.



* MoralEventHorizon: [[{{In-Universe}} In story]], the taking of Gaunt's land and money away from Bolingbroke, the rightful heir to them, is seen as this, and Richard is explicitly warned that once he does it there's no going back. He doesn't care.
** Richard's deposition is also seen as this, because it will trigger a struggle for the crown we now know as The Wars Of The Roses.

to:

* MoralEventHorizon: [[{{In-Universe}} In story]], Two in-universe examples, one for Richard and one for Bolingbroke.
** Richard's is
the taking of Gaunt's land and money away from Bolingbroke, the rightful heir to them, is seen as this, and Richard is explicitly warned that once he does it there's no going back. He doesn't care.
** Bolingbroke's is Richard's deposition is also seen as this, deposition, because it will trigger a struggle for the crown we now know as The Wars Of The Roses.



* PleaseSpareHimMyLiege: Averted with John of Gaunt and Richard.
-->'''Gaunt:''' A partial slander sought I to avoid,
-->And in the sentence my own life destroy'd.
-->Alas, I look'd when some of you should say,
-->I was too strict to make mine own away...
** Later, played straight with the Duchess of York and Bolingbroke over Aumerle.
* PlotTriggeringDeath: The Duke of Gloucester.

to:

* PleaseSpareHimMyLiege: PleaseSpareHimMyLiege:
**
Averted with John of Gaunt and Richard.
-->'''Gaunt:'''
Richard. At Gaunt's entreaties, Richard commutes Bolingbroke's sentence from ten years to six, but refuses to go further.
--->'''Gaunt:'''
A partial slander sought I to avoid,
-->And
avoid,\\
And
in the sentence my own life destroy'd.
-->Alas,
destroy'd.\\
Alas,
I look'd when some of you should say,
-->I
say,\\
I
was too strict to make mine own away...
** Later, played straight with the Duchess of York and Bolingbroke over Aumerle.
Aumerle; her pleas persuade Bolingbroke to give Aumerle a full pardon.
* PlotTriggeringDeath: The Duke of Gloucester.Gloucester's murder, which was very probably done on Richard's orders, causes Bolingbroke and Mowbray to accuse each other of treason, setting the rest of the events of the play in motion.



* TranslationConvention: Averted--Mowbray has a moving speech about how his banishment from England means he will never be able to talk to anyone anywhere. Possibly artistic license, since the English court often spoke French during that period, but Richard's grandfather Edward III had made English the official language of the court in 1362, and Parliament had been opened in French for the last time in 1377.
** In RealLife Bolingbroke became the first English monarch since the Conquest who actually spoke English as his native tongue. Any high noble would have been able to speak enough French to get along in France.
* TrialByCombat: Bolingbroke and Mowbray.

to:

* TranslationConvention: Averted--Mowbray has a moving speech about how his banishment from England means he will never be able to talk to anyone anywhere. Possibly artistic license, since the English court often spoke French during that period, but Richard's grandfather Edward III had made English the official language of the court in 1362, and Parliament had been opened in French for the last time in 1377.
**
1377. In RealLife Bolingbroke became the first English monarch since the Conquest who actually spoke English as his native tongue. Any high noble would have been able to speak enough French to get along in France.
* TrialByCombat: Bolingbroke and Mowbray.Mowbray are planning to fight a DuelToTheDeath after each accuses the other of treason. Richard stops them and exiles them both instead.
1st Dec '15 2:46:29 AM Morgenthaler
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* TheParagonAlwaysRebels: Henry of Bolingbroke. The best jouster in England, the son and heir of the powerful John of Gaunt, and a much more capable and honest ruler than Richard. Naturally, he rebels and brings a sizable portion of the country over to his side. Except, in an inversion of the trope, Bolingbroke is not the villain. Ironically, [[HenryIVPart1 Sir Henry Percy]], who appears in this play as one of his closest allies, would later be this to him.

to:

* TheParagonAlwaysRebels: Henry of Bolingbroke. The best jouster in England, the son and heir of the powerful John of Gaunt, and a much more capable and honest ruler than Richard. Naturally, he rebels and brings a sizable portion of the country over to his side. Except, in an inversion of the trope, Bolingbroke is not the villain. Ironically, [[HenryIVPart1 [[Theatre/HenryIVPart1 Sir Henry Percy]], who appears in this play as one of his closest allies, would later be this to him.
19th Nov '15 7:08:39 AM enitharmon
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The play opens with Bolingbroke and a rival challenging one another to a duel for their honour. Before they have a chance to fight, Richard II interrupts, banishing them both from England. John of Gaunt, Bolingbroke's father and the Duke of Lancaster, dies, and Richard decides to seize Bolingbroke's lands to fuel his war effort in Ireland. Bolingbroke returns, because he was banished as Duke of Hereford but is now Duke of Lancaster, and is rightfully pissed that his land and wealth has been taken by Richard. He organizes a campaign against Richard. At first, the campaign's goal is merely to get Bolingbroke's land back, but it quickly becomes an opportunity to seize the throne of England. In a scene that was originally censored out, Richard is forced to abdicate. He is sent to prison, where he angsts about the loss of his throne, before being killed by an ambitious nobleman. Henry IV regrets the death, and vows to redeem himself by starting a crusade against Jerusalem.

to:

The play opens with Bolingbroke and a rival challenging one another to a duel for their honour. Before they have a chance to fight, Richard II interrupts, banishing them both from England. John of Gaunt, Bolingbroke's father and the Duke of Lancaster, dies, and Richard decides to seize Bolingbroke's lands to fuel his war effort in Ireland. Bolingbroke returns, because he was banished as Duke of Hereford but is now Duke of Lancaster, and is rightfully pissed off that his land and wealth has been taken by Richard. He organizes a campaign against Richard. At first, the campaign's goal is merely to get Bolingbroke's land back, but it quickly becomes an opportunity to seize the throne of England. In a scene that was originally censored out, Richard is forced to abdicate. He is sent to prison, where he angsts about the loss of his throne, before being killed by an ambitious nobleman. Henry IV regrets the death, and vows to redeem himself by starting a crusade against Jerusalem.
10th Nov '15 4:30:41 AM Quietomega
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...and Act IV, Scene 1:

to:

...**...and Act IV, Scene 1:
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