History Literature / Mabinogion

24th Aug '15 5:26:13 PM WillKeaton
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The Welsh collection of stories called '''The Mabinogion''' is one of the major surviving bodies of [[Myth/CelticMythology Welsh myths]]. The stories in their modern forms are derived from two OlderThanPrint medieval Welsh manuscripts, the [[http://www.llgc.org.uk/index.php?id=whitebookofrhydderchpeniart White Book of Rhydderch]] and the [[http://image.ox.ac.uk/show-all-openings?collection=jesus&manuscript=ms111 Red Book of Hergest]], along with a collection of smaller texts, but those are simply the oldest ''written'' versions of stories that are based on older oral legends; some motifs and plots can be traced back to the early Iron Age (1st millenium BCE). They are the product of a highly developed narrative tradition, both written and oral.

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The Welsh collection of stories called '''The Mabinogion''' is one of the major surviving bodies of [[Myth/CelticMythology Welsh myths]]. The stories in their modern forms are derived from two OlderThanPrint medieval Welsh manuscripts, the [[http://www.llgc.org.uk/index.php?id=whitebookofrhydderchpeniart White Book of Rhydderch]] and the [[http://image.ox.ac.uk/show-all-openings?collection=jesus&manuscript=ms111 Red Book of Hergest]], Hergest,]] along with a collection of smaller texts, but those are simply the oldest ''written'' versions of stories that are based on older oral legends; some motifs and plots can be traced back to the early Iron Age (1st millenium BCE). They are the product of a highly developed narrative tradition, both written and oral.
29th May '15 1:23:55 PM TheWizardAbs
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* FullBoarAction: Twrch Trwyth is definitely one of the more badass pigs in world literature; he can't be hunted except with certain hounds, has poisonous bristles and requires the likes of Gwyn ap Nudd (legendary leader of the [[WildHunt the Wild Hunt]], to help bring him down.

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* FullBoarAction: Twrch Trwyth is definitely one of the more badass pigs in world literature; he can't be hunted except with certain hounds, has poisonous bristles and requires the likes of Gwyn ap Nudd (legendary leader of the [[WildHunt the Wild Hunt]], Hunt]]), to help bring him down.
29th May '15 1:23:17 PM TheWizardAbs
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%%* DemotedToExtra: Pryderi, in the Second and Fourth Branches.

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%%* * DemotedToExtra: Pryderi, in the Second and Fourth Branches.Branches. Half of the first branch revolves around his birth, kidnap and reunion with his parents and the third is about his return to Dyfed after the war in the second branch, but he only gets on mention in the second branch and is promptly KilledOffForReal and the beginning of the fourth.



%%* FullBoarAction: Twrch Trwyth is definitely one of the more badass pigs in world literature; he can't be hunted except with certain hounds, has poisonous bristles and requires the likes of Gwyn ap Nudd (legendary leader of the [[WildHunt the Wild Hunt]], to help bring him down.

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%%* * FullBoarAction: Twrch Trwyth is definitely one of the more badass pigs in world literature; he can't be hunted except with certain hounds, has poisonous bristles and requires the likes of Gwyn ap Nudd (legendary leader of the [[WildHunt the Wild Hunt]], to help bring him down.



%%* RoyalsWhoActuallyDoSomething

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%%* RoyalsWhoActuallyDoSomething* RoyalsWhoActuallyDoSomething: Pryderi leads his troops into war, as does Math. Pwyll defeats Arawn's enemy Hafgan and cements an alliance between Annwn and Dyfed.
29th May '15 1:16:31 PM TheWizardAbs
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%%* ArtificialHuman: Blodeuedd.

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%%* * ArtificialHuman: Blodeuedd.Blodeuedd. She "born" when Gwydion and Math club together to find a wife for Lleu, crafting her from the flowers of broom, meadowsweet and oak.



%%* BadassCrew: Culhwch and his companions in ''Culhwch and Olwen''

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%%* * BadassCrew: Culhwch and his companions in ''Culhwch and Olwen''Olwen.'' They break Mabon ap Modron out of the tower he's been imprisoned in since he was three days old and hunt an enchanted boar with poisonous bristles.



%%* CoolAndUnusualPunishment: See KarmicTransformation below.

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%%* * CoolAndUnusualPunishment: See KarmicTransformation below.Gwydion and Gilfaethwy get handed one from their uncle, where they're transformed into a different pair of breeding animals each year for three years.



%%* FullBoarAction: Twrch Trwyth is definitely one of the more badass pigs in world literature.
%%* GenderBender: Gwydion and Gilfaethwy.

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%%* FullBoarAction: Twrch Trwyth is definitely one of the more badass pigs in world literature.
%%*
literature; he can't be hunted except with certain hounds, has poisonous bristles and requires the likes of Gwyn ap Nudd (legendary leader of the [[WildHunt the Wild Hunt]], to help bring him down.
*
GenderBender: Gwydion and Gilfaethwy.Gilfaethwy. Biologically male, both of them alternate being female throughout their punishment for the rape of Goewin.



%%* LongList: In ''How Culhwch Won Olwen.''
%%* MagicKnight: Gwydion from the ''Fourth Branch'' is one of the most martial wizards in myth. Also Menw from ''Culhwch ac Olwen''.

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%%* * LongList: In ''How Culhwch Won Olwen.''
%%*
Olwen'' contains a list of King Arthur's companions which numbers at around 260 names, and takes up about four pages in some editions.
*
MagicKnight: Gwydion from the ''Fourth Branch'' is one of the most martial wizards in myth. Also Menw from ''Culhwch ac Olwen''.He defeats Pryderi in one on one combat, and he once animated an entire forest of trees to serve as an army against Arawn.



%%* NighInvulnerability: Lleu.

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%%* * NighInvulnerability: Lleu.Lleu. He can be killed, but only under extremely specific circumstances. He has to be struck while he has one foot on the back of a billy-goat and one on the edge of a roofed bath that sits on a riverbank. In his own words: "I cannot be killed indoors, nor our of doors; I cannot be killed on horseback, nor on foot." The spear it would take to kill him needs to be forged over a year of Sundays.
29th May '15 12:59:26 PM TheWizardAbs
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%%* ParentalSubstitute: Gwydion to Lleu, in the fourth branch.

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%%* * ParentalSubstitute: Gwydion to Lleu, in the fourth branch.branch; he raises Lleu into adulthood after his mother makes it clear that she's ashamed of his birth.
8th May '15 12:41:57 PM LordGro
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* {{BFS}}: Osla Big Knife carries one. He appears twice in the Mabinogion but is more famous for being in Arthurian tales.

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* %%* {{BFS}}: Osla Big Knife carries one. He appears twice in the Mabinogion but is more famous for being in Arthurian tales.
8th May '15 12:38:49 PM LordGro
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* RedemptionEqualsDeath: Efnisien, the catalyst for the ''entire'' war sacrifices himself to clinch victory for the Britons.

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* RedemptionEqualsDeath: Efnisien, the catalyst for the ''entire'' entire war sacrifices himself to clinch victory for the Britons.



* SociopathicHero: Efnisien is psychotic, warped, and cruel, but he does ultimately save the Britons.

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* SociopathicHero: Efnisien is psychotic, warped, and cruel, but he does ultimately save sacrifice himself for the few remaining Britons.



* VillainProtagonist: The first act of the fourth branch, arguably. [[MagicKnight Gwydion]], the story's hero, is a monster. He starts a horrific war with the south (which leads to the deaths of hundreds of warriors, including King Pryderi of Dyfed) as a way of distracting his uncle so he doesn't notice Gwydion's brother ''raping'' a young woman. [[CoolAndUnusualPunishment He is punished epically]] for his crimes.

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* VillainProtagonist: The In the first act of "Math Son of Mathonwy", the fourth branch, arguably. protagonist [[MagicKnight Gwydion]], the story's hero, is Gwydion]] engineers a monster. He starts a horrific war with the south (which leads to the deaths of hundreds of warriors, including King Pryderi of Dyfed) as a way only to get Math out of distracting his uncle the palace just so he doesn't notice Gwydion's brother ''raping'' a young woman. [[CoolAndUnusualPunishment He is punished epically]] for his crimes.can rape Math's footholder, Goewin.
8th May '15 12:33:49 PM LordGro
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* MyGodWhatHaveIDone: After Efnisien murders King Matholwch of Ireland's son, the Irish attack their British guests. When it looks like all the Britons are going to get slaughtered by the Irish, Efnisien suddenly (and for the first time in the tale) shows remorse, and then decides to sacrifice himself so the few Britons that are still alive will escape.
8th May '15 12:31:26 PM LordGro
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* ImportantHaircut: KingArthur cuts Culhwch's hair in the presence of his court at the beginning of ''How Culhwch Won Olwen''. In Medieval Britain, this was an important gesture of fidelity between family and clan members. Arthur is symbolically accepting his younger cousin into his retinue, which then allows Culhwch to ask for his assistance in gaining Olwen.

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* ImportantHaircut: KingArthur Myth/KingArthur cuts Culhwch's hair in the presence of his court at the beginning of ''How Culhwch Won Olwen''. In Medieval Britain, this was an important gesture of fidelity between family and clan members. Arthur is symbolically accepting his younger cousin into his retinue, which then allows Culhwch to ask for his assistance in gaining Olwen.



* StepfordSmiler: Blodeuwedd. A beautiful woman who never talks back, is always happy, and never says anything out of line... and she attempts to murder her first husband because she wants to marry someone else.
** Might be justified -- that's the risk you take of marrying a woman who was made of flowers, not born or baptized.
8th May '15 12:27:54 PM LordGro
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* SquishyWizard: Averted by Math who leads his people in war. Gwydion goes [[MagicKnight even further]] and fights a one on one duel with Pryderi.
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