[[quoteright:350:http://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/EmperorROTMK_4869.jpg]]

''Emperor: Rise of the Middle Kingdom'' (2002), also known as simply ''Emperor'', is the sixth game of the VideoGame/CityBuildingSeries published by {{Creator/Sierra}}, this time set in Ancient China and developed by Breakaway Games. Contrary to a lot of other city builders, this one has a heavy focus on infrastructure -- very rarely is your goal just to build up a large population, you have to maintain it by keeping your people supplied with food, resources and luxury. Indeed, the industrial sector is the more complex part of the game, keeping up with the supply and demand needed to produce the items you need to build up your city, expand it, and making exports.

You also have to deal with your neighboring cities and kingdoms, who more often than not are unfriendly. You can trade with them, send them gifts, maybe get some in return if they like you, and eventually form an alliance -- or you can rally an army and march on their city to conquer them and make them your vassal. Either way, it's gonna take a lot of work.

The single-player campaign spans millennia of Chinese history as the player acts as various historical figures, some addressed by name, others are just a flunky to TheEmperor of the time building his city for him. As time progresses through the campaign, technologies (and resources) become outdated and are replaced with different technology, such as iron smelting replacing bronze smelting, bronze and iron each being used by different industries. Objectives often demand the player produce a set amount of a commodity within a year, get a certain population level, or conquer neighboring cities. You also get to build famous monuments, from stock temple complexes and palaces to Su Song's clock tower, the Grand Canal, and inevitably, the Great Wall of China.

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!!This game presents examples of the following tropes:

* ActuallyPrettyFunny: Sending a city a gift of something it already produces will get a thank-you note saying the city's dour minister of commerce found it amusing.
* AlternateHistory: Inconsistencies of the dates aside, as far as the game is concerned the Jin Dynasty thwarted the Mongol invasion and defeated Genghis Khan.
* AlwaysChaoticEvil: Those northern barbarian tribes at the Nomad Camps (later the Xiongnu Empire and eventually the Mongolian Empire) are ''always'' against you. The game even addresses them as GoddamnBats, a nuisance for northern settlements that will pester many dynasties throughout the centuries. In many missions where everyone else is an ally or vassal, they'll likely be the lone city against you.
* AnachronismStew: Inevitably pops up. There's just no way a weaponsmith built in the fourth century BC should look the same as one build in the eighth century BCE, but it will, as will all other structures.
* ArbitraryHeadcountLimit: You can always build at least one fort once you have an Administrative City, and another once a Palace is built. Past that, however, you need to build elite houses, each of which lets you build an extra fort, with a final limit of 12, and each fort holding 4, 8 or 16 soldiers.
* ArtificialStupidity: The walkers that carry and fetch goods are completely incompetent. They're liable to go across the map to gather a resource they can get from a warehouse just two tiles away from their spawn building, and will sit outside a full warehouse and complain it has no room when there's an empty warehouse right next to it. They also lack moderation when delivering resources to several places that need them, resulting in instances like, say, one tax office gets 4 loads of paper while another sits empty, or a bronzeware maker having 4 loads of clay with no bronze while another bronzeware maker next to it has 4 loads of bronze and no clay.
* AwesomeButImpractical:
** Carved Jade fetches the highest price of any commodity at 230 strings for 100 units, but Jade always has to be imported, and at 90 strings a unit that cuts the profits of Carved Jade to a more modest 140 strings. Not to mention you need someone to supply you Jade and someone to sell the carvings to. Carved Jade ''is'' still practical, but it isn't as profitable as it first appears. Fortunately, it's still good for bribing heroes.
** Elite housing provides ten times more taxes than commoners... occupying four times the space and three times fewer people, who don't enter the workforce. And then there's all the demands they have...
* BagOfSpilling: Unlike earlier games in the series and continuing the trend introduced by ''Zeus'', any city you've already built will remain exactly as you left it if you wind up coming back to it during the campaign.
* BearsAreBadNews: Gobi Bears rank up with Tigers as one of the worst wildlife types. They kill the prey game your hunters are tracking, they actively seek out and attack walkers that get too close to them, and in pursuing them will tend to be drawn to the city limits when they'll go on a rampage.
* BigBrotherIsWatchingYou: Citizens will tolerate guardhouses without complaint, but no more than one per 500 citizens, regardless of the length of their beats.
* BladeOnAStick: Most combat walkers, including heroes, utilize assorted varieties of spears and polearms. Doubles as ShownTheirWork; the [[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ji_%28polearm%29 ji]] and the [[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dagger-axe dagger axe]] were common weapons in ancient Chinese armies.
* BoringYetPractical:
** A pair of salt mines can produce enough salt to keep the entire city supplied, and seasonings of salt count as an additional food supply for purposes of food quality.
** For the heroes, Xi Wang Mu and Su Wu Kong. Xi Wang Mu reduces monument construction time by variably increasing the amount of workers that can be at the monument at a time, allowing them to do more work before they leave, and/or causing them to work quicker. When monuments take years to complete, the speed boost is appreciated. So Wu Kong meanwhile makes emissaries to other cities free and they travel faster, invaluable if you need to speed up communications for whatever reason and have a lot of allies to send messengers to.
** In an InUniverse example, many of the magnificent monuments built are composed of timber frames, ceramic tiles, and enormous amounts of... dirt.
* ChekhovsGunman: Those Nomad Camps in the north? Just another city, in fact they quickly become hard to negotiate with, not that there's much to make trade worth it. They're eventually a minor nuisance, best to forget about them and just build up an army in case they attack. Fast forward to the last campaign where they aren't even on the map, until the last few missions where they reappear, now named... '''Mongolian Empire'''? OhCrap.
* CompetitiveBalance: Each type of troop you have access to has different stats.
** Infantry are MightyGlacier combined with CloseRangeCombatant and ZergRush: they have the best armor and decent hit points, a good melee attack, and train in groups of sixteen to provide numerical superiority, but are very slow.
** Crossbowmen are LongRangeFighter: They attack from range with powerful missile attacks, but have the lowest HP and are terrible in melee combat.
** Cavalry are JackOfAllStats and MasterOfAll: They move fast, have strong attacks, and decent HP and armor, which makes them all-around the most versatile troops.
** Chariots are LightningBruiser combined with EliteArmy: They have strong attacks, the highest HP, their armor is almost as good as infantry, and they move almost as fast as cavalry. However, you can only have four to a fort, making it difficult to get large numbers of them.
** Catapults are GlassCannon: Their missile attack is ''the'' most powerful attack in the game, strong enough to kill most enemies in one shot, and they have very long range too. But they have low HP and armor, no melee attack, and move very slowly, making them easy to kill.
** Sentries are StoneWall: They have the highest armor of all, but weak attacks and slow movement speed. However, they're more intended to defend the city from outlaws than fight invading armies, so they don't need to be offensive powerhouses.
** As an overall, the game tends to nudge you to either a ZergRush or EliteArmy composition. At the max 12 forts full of units, it's very unlikely you'll see any of them gain experience unless you use them for multiple sieges. With one or two forts of infantry, they tend to gain experience much faster.
* TheComputerIsACheatingBastard: When a rival attacks your city, they spawn at a set point and begin a rampage until you fend them off. Reloading and building walls near where they came in before will just have them spawn somewhere else. Occasionally you can also get attacked without the customary advance warning.
* TheComputerShallTauntYou: Unless you're their best friend, AI city rulers will always sneer down at you, demanding things of you with the warning they're so mighty they could just march into the city and take them by force, so you might as well save yourself the trouble and just submit to them -- at which point they'll snicker you caved "like an obedient dog". And if you don't send it off by the deadline, they'll say that a "yak-brained fool" like you is lucky they're patient enough to wait a bit longer, but don't press your luck further.
* CurbStompBattle: You're allowed up to 12 forts on most maps. Each fort holds, depending on the type of troop, 16, 8 or 4 soldiers. On most maps, six forts would be more than enough to steamroll any enemy city you attack.
* CripplingOverspecialization: Farmhouses that grow only a single type of crops are extremely inefficient: because crops have different growth cycles, such farms will be left twiddling its thumbs for months on end. The game encourages you to plant different crops at every farmhouse to keep them working all year round.
* CriticalExistenceFailure: Buildings will operate at peak capacity regardless of their state of repair, then collapse into rubble or burst into flames instantly.
* CriticalStaffingShortage: The greatest difficulty you'll face, as per usual for the series. Insufficient workers may cause housing to devolve due to supply of needed goods drying up. This reduces the number of workers, which reduces the production of goods, which reduces available workers, which... Thankfully, the game now allows you to turn off industries on an individual basis in addition to shutting down entire sectors, allowing production to continue at a reduced rate but freeing up workers for other areas.
* DevelopersForesight: Salt counts as a food source... but only if there's another type of food being produced/imported.
* DonutMessWithACop: The flavor text for the watchtower mentions your patrolling watchmen fortifying themselves with hot tea and sweet pastries before going on patrol.
* DownerEnding: Doesn't matter how beautifully you built up their capital or conquered every rival, the last mission of every campaign describes the ignominious end of the dynasty.
* DroppedABridgeOnHim: Mission briefings often open with words to the effect of "the previous emperor is dead and now his son is in charge." The last two historical campaigns are particularly bad with this -- since they each combine two historical dynasties, at some point during their run you'll find out that not only is the emperor dead, but the entire government has been overthrown and a new dynasty founded.
* EasyCommunication: Played with back and forth.
** Soldiers instantly respond to orders, and will depart to conquer a city instantly regardless of their actual location relative to the city limits. However, they still have to actually walk to the city exit before the army icon on the map will begin to move, and you can watch that icon move across the map over the next few months as they head to the enemy city.
** Messengers have this or not depending on the type of message. If you're demanding something of a rival, the rival will instantly be notified as seen by their city history, but if you're giving them a gift or sending a trade request, you can watch the messenger move towards the city on the world map. Send one of either message at the same time and usually, despite this variance, the city will respond to both at the same time, when the gift messenger arrives.
** Cities that send demands to you will not acknowledge you sent them what they asked for until a month or two after the fact, but they acknowledge you responded on time even if they only gave you a month to do so initially.
* EndOfAnEra: The last mission of every campaign describes how that dynasty fell.
* EnemyMine: There are several ways to get on good terms with rivals, including sending them gifts and meeting their demands on time. You can also do it by attacking other rivals, and if you attack enough cities, you're liable to get the cities you aren't attacking to a point where they'll happily become your ally.
* EveryManHasHisPrice:
** Invading armies can be given a BegoneBribe to leave the city alone (and it may actually be cheaper to pay them off than sending soldiers, depending on the complexity of getting weapons).
** One of the factors used to determine how happy a hero will be after a sacrifice is the price.
* GaiasVengeance: If a Palace with animals inside is destroyed, the predators will go on a rampage.
* GameplayAndStoryIntegration:
** Paper/Iron Smelting/Lacquerware/etc has been discovered! Time to integrate it into your city because the old stuff just won't do anymore.
** Wondering why Sun Tzu is the only Confucian hero during the Qin campaign? Because in real life the Qin outlawed the study of Confucianism, burning his books and killing their scholars. Sun Tzu only got to stick around because for purposes of gameplay your noble housing needs access to Confucian worship, and he's only treated as a Confucian hero for gameplay purposes. In real life Sun Tzu had nothing to do with Confucius or his teachings.
** Several levels happen along the Silk Road, with little natural resources and a high annual income as a requirement. The best way to make money is to buy silk from China and sell it more expensively to the West.
* GameplayAndStorySegregation:
** No mineral deposits for smelters means no raw materials for weapon crafting, but your hunters and sentries, guardsmen and woodsmen seem to find metal for their bows, crossbows, spears and axes just fine. And even if you don't have stone quarries a lot of your buildings, including city walls, obviously use carved stone. Falls under AcceptableBreaksFromReality -- if you actually needed Stone to build every building that looked like it was built of stone, the game would be nigh unplayable.
** Hand in hand with the below instances of ProtagonistCenteredMorality, your allied cities ''really'' shouldn't be addressing your character as rudely as they do, when in many of the campaigns you're a city administrator personally serving the Emperor. For that matter, why is the capital city of the empire so angry that you asked for military aid; isn't the whole point of the current mission to establish a forward camp near enemy territory to deploy troops from?
** In the last two missions, the Mongolian Empire is treated like any other rival city. This means a few gifts of silk and tea can get them to like you and they'll become your ally.
** "The Budding of Buddhism" needs three years of heroes and a temple complex to complete. As the name implies and the narrator tells you, you're supposed to celebrate the Buddhist Guan Yin... but there's nothing preventing you from using the Daoist goddess Xi Wang Mu to reach both objectives.
** Natural disaster messages claim angry ancestors sent a flood or earthquake... but use the same one when scripted disasters occur.
* GenerationXerox: Some mission briefings mention your character for the mission is the descendant of your character in the previous mission several decades or centuries ago, and you're being called upon now to see if you have the same gift for city planning as your ancestor did. Averted at the end of the Qin campaign, the next mission establishes you're the same character who's been spared for his recognized skill and integrity.
* GettingCrapPastTheRadar: Hemp cloth is one of the core resources of any city, which is historically accurate, the Chinese along with a lot of other civilizations used hemp for clothing. But the game includes winks and nudges about its more famous uses, including the hemp farm ambient noises including coughing, and the farmers at the hemp farm can be seen smoking. The merchants from the market squares also provide these quotes:
-->"Those folks are the hemp farm are a bit odd. But if they keep me well-supplied, how can I complain?" \\
(during a siege) "I better hide before my business goes up in smoke!"
* GuideDangIt: When a spy is reversed, you get a message telling you about it and what city he came from. However, this doesn't mean the spy is actually gone, in order to take advantage of this you need to send the spy to that city (in effect, giving you a free spy if sent to the city).
* HollywoodSpelling: Some city and people names are spelled phonetically instead of how they ought to be spelled. Somewhat justifiable since they're all in Ancient Chinese, and a lot of such names probably can be translated into direct English in different ways.
* InstantWinCondition: The city is hopelessly in debt, outlaws roam the streets killing indiscriminately, people are leaving the city, and in two months the Xiongnu arrive to attack and you don't have an army. Oh good, the year production tallies are in and you met your quota, mission complete! Averted if you actually get conquered -- you cannot win any mission if you're another city's vassal, even if you meet the requirements.
* InterfaceSpoiler: The menu shows coverage sections for entertainment and religion facilities long before you get access to them, and clicking on a house will tell you what they need to evolve, which may be a resource or building you don't have yet.
* KickTheDog: Whenever a foreign city sends an emissary to your city, you have the option to allow them in, turn them away, or ''execute them''. This has no practical purpose but to piss off your rivals, but you can do it.
* KickThemWhileTheyreDown: Sending all your forces abroad will cause opportunistic raiding by other cities. These armies can be bribed away, fortunately.
* KillerRabbit: Companies are named after the zodiac animal you chose... so your city can be defended by the Audacious Rabbits.
* MightMakesRight: A large army and an invasion will swiftly bring enemy cities under your control. If they rebel, you can earn favor with the city and wait (possibly years) for them to return to the fold peacefully, or you can send your army down to get them back in line the hard way. It's also possible, though rare, for a neutral rival to willingly become your vassal if they have a high opinion of you and you command a superior military arm.
* MoneyForNothing: Cities will only take gifts of cash into consideration if you're poor enough that it actually means something.
* MookChivalry: The only aversion in the ''Caesar III'' engine/saga. Soldiers no longer engage the enemy in one-on-one fights, but every man in a company of up to 16 soldiers will spear the same single target at the same time if the odds allow it.
* MundaneUtility: Offer sacrifices to the heavens. Entice a PhysicalGod to manifest in your city. Put it to work blessing you with free materials and extra-productive buildings. Rinse and repeat.
* {{Narrator}}: The mission briefings and summarizations have one, which changes between campaigns.
* NiceJobFixingItVillain: One mission has a rival city suggest a joint building project: a canal that will increase trade. At the end of the mission, it turns out the idea was to tie up resources and manpower in a pointless construction project, leaving the city ripe for conquest... except now the canal really did boost trade.
* NotInMyBackyard: As in RealLife, no one wants to live near the IndustrialGhetto. Fortunately, residential walls can reduce the effect of undesirable buildings, letting essential services be built conveniently close by without offending the residents' delicate sensibilities.
* NumericalHard: Higher difficulty levels don't actually change the mission objectives at all, and basic gameplay remains identical. All that difficulty affects is how many workers are employed for each level of wages (on higher difficulties, Normal wages employ fewer people), and building costs (more expensive on higher difficulties). The result, the difference between Normal and Very Hard is that you run out of money faster and have a smaller workforce to put to task.
* PantheraAwesome: Tigers rival bears as the worst animal type to encounter; they move fast, kill game animals your hunters are tracking, seek out and kill walkers that come near them, and tend to wander near the city limits while pursuing them.
* PaperThinDisguise: It usually isn't too difficult to spot spies in your city. Hint -- it's the random herbalist/water carrier/taoist priest wandering through your industrial sector, or walking halfway across the map to reach your trading posts. They'll even disguise themselves as religious walkers for religions you may not even be able to build yet. Subverted if they disguise themselves as inspectors, which are omnipresent in cities and thus rarely look out of place.
* PlagueOfGoodFortune: Cities can accept up to four gifts of cash or goods a year, but will tell you off if you keep trying to give them stuff.
* ProtagonistCenteredMorality: Inverted on you when it comes to dealing with enemy cities; no matter what the issue is, when something goes sour, you are always the one at fault.
** AI cities will often laugh in your face if you demand something of them, even if it's something they produce in surplus and you have previously sent them dozens of units of goods they need. Conversely, when the AI demands something of you, they will be outraged if you don't comply, even if there's no reasonable way for you to get what they want in time. For instance, they'll demand crops that are out of season, or commodities you simply can't produce, and expect you to pay up with as little as two months of notice.
** Any demands for troops will likely come with a month or two of advance notice, but even if you send your forces immediately they may not arrive in time, and how ''dare'' your soldiers be late when they were so sorely needed! Sometimes you can also send your army and they arrive in time, but they were too weak to be of help, so your ally is still annoyed with you. Of course, if you're getting attacked and request military aid from an ally many months in advance (perhaps because you don't have an army of your own, which is possible on numerous maps), they're liable to take their sweet time responding, will just refuse, or will send you ''one infantry unit''.
** Doesn't matter how much they love you or you're targeting the enemy that attacked them before: allies and vassals will hate you for ordering military strikes on anyone, and hate you slightly less for daring to ask them for goods or aid (y'know, the way ''they'' keep doing).
* RhymesOnADime: The trade caravans.
* SequelDifficultySpike: The game reintroduces many of the complexities present in ''Caesar III''' and ''Pharaoh'' but dropped in ''Zeus''. Several types of foods are needed to fully evolve houses (and not just elite housing, the very basic types need at least two or three), and a fertility system is again present. Taxation takes a while to be implemented (and requires resources), and the appeasement to the gods mechanics returns. No free militia exists anymore and the slow, recruitment process is again used. Money is not carried over from one mission to the next, instead a fixed, limited budget is given at the start of most missions.
* SettlingTheFrontier: Some mission briefings even state explicitly the city you're building is a colony to explore the countryside outside the current imperial border.
* ShaggyDogStory: Naturally, given the game somewhat keeps to historical events. It doesn't matter how big and grand you build Chang-an and how big the army defending it is, it is going to be sacked, and of course the Great Wall won't keep out the Mongols, sorry for the real-life hours you spent building it last mission. And every campaign ends with the current dynasty falling apart no matter how good a job of running it you were doing.
* ShootTheBuilder: The completion message for the Underground Vault (better known as the Terracotta Army) suggests you run for the hills before this happens to you.
* ShootTheMessenger: Emissaries leaving for other cities express fears that this may be their fate, while you can execute foreign emissaries (if for some reason you want your name to be mud).
* ShownTheirWork:
** It's obvious that as much as a historian will facepalm at the game's events, the developers did at least some research and often refer to real historical cities and figures with accuracy.
** All of the Heroes are important figures in the real life equivalent religions, if not deities then saints or monks. The exception is Sun Tzu having nothing to do with Confucianism, though there's some GameplayAndStoryIntegration there as described above under that trope's entry.
** The Qin Dynasty ruler is referred to as Shi Huangdi, not Qin Shi Huang -- it was only after the Qin Dynasty that the name was shortened and prefixed "Qin", when other rulers named Shi Huangdi sprang up. And there's also the above mentioned fact of Sun Tzu being the only Confucian hero because the actual teachings of Confucius were outlawed under the Qin.
** The first few times you're assigned to build the Great Wall of China, you instead build it up as a wooden frame surrounding a rammed earth wall, which the wooden frame removed eventually. However, many sections of the original Great Wall ''were'' built out of rammed earth and wood, some sections used stone but others did not. Later dynasties would rebuild sections of the wall into the stone version we're familiar with, and the game does mention that you are building on the site of the old dirt walls that have fallen into dunes over time.
** Notably, the game depicts Zhengzhou as one of the capitals of the Shang Dynasty two years before actual Chinese archaeologists declared it to have been so.
* TechnologyMarchesOn: In their due time, paper will replace wood as writing material, iron will replace bronze and then be replaced by steel, lacquerware will replace bronzeware, and horsemen will replace chariots.
* TokenGoodTeammate: In a sense, you're this to the Qin Dynasty. The briefing for the first Han Dynasty mission mentions you are the same character as in the Qin campaign, and while the Qin were corrupt and oppressive, your performance as a city administrator was honorable and efficient, which is why the new rulers have kept you around.
* TooDumbToLive: AI cities never learn that if you've got a standing army as large as the game allows, maybe they shouldn't make unreasonable demands of you, or refuse and insult you when you demand something of them. They will do the latter even if your army just returned from ''conquering'' them and making them your vassal. As mentioned above, your rivals will demand resources of you with the warning if you don't comply they'll just march into your city and take them by force. It's almost always a hollow threat, but you the player have full right and ability to actually do it.
* TriggerHappy: When a hero captures an animal and brings it back to the palace, overzealous sentries will shoot it down, no matter how harmless.
* VideoGameCaringPotential: Cities that rebel against your rule can be reconquered by force of arms or bribed into returning to the fold. However, it's mentioned that if your troops fail, you'll be looked down on by other cities.
* VideoGameCrueltyPotential:
** Pandas appear on numerous maps. They can fight, but only do so to defend themselves, otherwise they're docile and will plop down in the middle of your crops to munch some bamboo as your farmers work around them. You can't even hunt them for game meat like other animals. But you still have full ability to hunt them down and kill them.
** When a city is conquered, you can set the tribute to be whatever good you need if you don't need cash, including goods they need to import.
* VideoGameTime: The developers ''tried'' to line up new technology and the rise and fall of cities with the historical dates... but play a mission long enough and you'll be building, say, the Terracotta Army of Qin, a decade after their dynasty fell in real life.
* WarForFunAndProfit: Attacking enemy cities is actually economically helpful -- it'll get you a new trading partner, the initial attack will yield spoils of a variable type of commodity, often a lot of it too, and you now have yearly tributes of whatever commodity you want.
* WhatKindOfLamePowerIsHeartAnyway: Guan Yin, the Mother of Mercy; the name should be a hint. All of her abilities and benefits are in the name of city beautification and health: reducing the construction cost of gardens and parks, acting as a water carrier, improving city health, and lowering the cost to bribe enemy armies. Gardens and parks are cheap already, water is the most basic resource a city needs so there's no way you should be wanting for it, and city health is rarely a problem as long as everyone can access your herbalist. Only the latter is of any real use, and if you're in a mission where you're at risk of being invaded then you should be building your own army to defend the city anyway.
* YouHaveOutlivedYourUsefulness: Any time you get tired of a rival city, even if they've been very pleasant to you and a loyal trade partner for years, you can conquer them. You have an alliance with them? Break it off and launch an invasion a moment after.
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