[[caption-width-right:329:Don't be fooled by the map. It's all one big city.]]

->''"Clearly you've never been to Singapore..."''

Clearly, the writers of ''Franchise/PiratesOfTheCaribbean'' hadn't either... the place is depicted as a large town at the close of the era of pirates, when it was in fact a swampy island (which had ''formerly'' been a major trading hub until the Majapahit Empire had enough of ''that'' and invaded, with the fleeing rajah founding the Sultanate of Melaka, which ''itself'' fell to the Dutch, who finished the job the Majapahit started in about 1612, terminating any large-scale trade for two centuries) until being bought up at the start of the era of empires by Sir Stamford Raffles, who was just about the opposite of Lord Cutler Beckett and quite a guy[[note]]His deputy and co-founder of the British colony there, Major-General William Farquhar, would probably disagree given that Raffles sacked him as the Resident four years into his term, condemning him to a life of obscurity[[/note]]. To be fair, though, they got other things right: Chinese formed a big part of the population of Singapore when it did exist and the Straits of Malacca by which its sits are even today a (comparative) pirate hotspot. Also, prior to becoming a Crown Colony in the latter part of the 19th Century, it ''did'' have a reputation of being a WretchedHive with rampant crime, corruption and opium; a derisive nickname given to it at the time was "Sin Galore."

A British colony for a while, it was captured by the Japanese in 1942 after they came in via the jungle on bicycles - the naval guns were NOT pointed out to sea, as widely believed. They did not. however, have a lot of HE (High-Explosive) rounds, and the guns had to resort to firing ineffective armor-piercing rounds after these ran out. UsefulNotes/WinstonChurchill called it the worst disaster in British history, which is wholly accurate in pure numeric terms. This event, and the subsequent war atrocities, is generally acknowledged as the [[ShockingDefeatLegacy trigger of the local awakening]] that the Western colonial powers [[NotSoInvincibleAfterAll weren't - and were never - invincible]], and when the British returned, the independence movement kicked into full gear with the UsefulNotes/ColdWar as a backdrop (the Malayan Emergency raged on as Communists attempted to overthrow the British-backed government), with self-governance being granted in 1959.

In 1963, Singapore declared independence from the British Empire as part of UsefulNotes/{{Malaysia}}, but this didn't stick due to the Malaysian-Indonesian ''Konfrontasi'' (the only armed conflict where Singaporean soldiers died), where Indonesian leader Sukarno attempted to forcibly incorporate Malaysia into his "Greater Indonesia", leading to acts of state-sponsored terrorism and border clashes in Borneo and the ''very'' violent racial riots between Chinese and Malays, exacerbated by the political squabbling between the central Malaysian government and Singapore. As such, on 9 August 1965, Prime Minister Lee Kuan Yew tearfully announced Singapore's independence from Malaysia.

Similarly, Singapore is not ''[[Music/RainDogs made of iron ore]]'', as Music/TomWaits would tell you, although it probably isn't a good idea to fall asleep while you're ashore.

Singapore, officially known as the Republic of Singapore ('''Malay:''' ''Republik Singapura''; '''Chinese:''' ''新加坡共和国 ''; '''Tamil:''' ''சிங்கப்பூர் குடியரசு''), is an island city-state in Southeast Asia, about 700 square kilometers in total land area, splitting from Malaysia in 1965, a state it still has some disputes with. Ties between the citizens of both countries remain extremely close, since almost everyone has friends, family, and/or business on the other side of the causeway.

It is notable that, of all the countries established in the 1960s, it went from a third-world-country to an incredibly prosperous and rich island nation. The typical Singaporean citizen is multilingual, highly-educated, and well-paid, with good exposure to several different cultures. The pollution is pretty much non-existent, the infrastructure is highly-developed and still being improved, and the overall cleanliness is stunning, seemingly impossible to attain considering its urban AND tropical nature. The homeless, poor, and the elderly are generally well-cared for, yet the economy takes the burden in its stride. It commands a respectable military, and there are enough policemen for each square kilometre, combined with government protocols, means that safety and law enforcement remain extremely high. All in all, it is an extremely successful and efficient First World Country, especially considering where it was fifty years ago, with a booming economy, great prosperity, and much general comfort despite the humidity.

Sounds amazing, right? Wouldn't mind going there to study or work, or for a holiday? Well, there are some things you'll need to watch out for. It IS a great place to live in, but it does have a dark side.

In addition to the humidity, hot sun, and mosquitoes. Singapore has garnered a fairly infamous reputation for being incredibly strict and conservative when it comes to its laws. With very frequent use of the death penalty (400 hangings between 1991 and 2004 - note that the place had a population of ''4 million'' at the time), including for drug trafficking. (This is usually Justified, though; the crime rate is so pathetically low that the government had to put up posters reminding the population that there still is criminal activity at all. While the justice system can be harsh, it is incredibly useful at keeping the city clean and safe, while giving great freedom as long as one doesn't break the laws). The use of [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Caning_in_Singapore caning]] is also common as a punishment, as an American tourist by the name of [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Michael_P._Fay Michael Fay]] found out the hard way in 1994 after being arrested for theft and vandalism. It has several notably restrictive laws - it discourages homosexuality and bans same-sex marriages, intentional littering leads to fines, the possession of porn, and [[ArsonMurderAndJaywalking the sale of chewing gum]], amongst others. (Fortunately, the penalties for all but the first are simply fining and/or community service; the goal is to keep the city clean and safe, not to lock people up. And chewing gum itself is not banned; but bringing large amounts for the sake of capitalist sale is. Bringing in a few handfuls of gum to share with your friends or for yourself is perfectly fine, unless you stick the end result on public property.) Creator/WilliamGibson once memorably described the place as "[[http://www.wired.com/wired/archive/1.04/gibson.html Disneyland with the death penalty]]"[[note]]He was dissatisfied later that he managed to convey the city's "creepy anal retentive" authoritarianism better than its "unrelenting dullness"[[/note]], and the locals make jokes about this - you can get T-shirts saying "Singapore is a [[IncrediblyLamePun fine city]]", enumerating most of the fines one is likely to incur for various misdemeanours. The government finally passed laws allowing controlled gambling a couple of years back, and two large casino resorts have been completed ([[InsistentTerminology though the term "Integrated Resort" is preferred]]). With the new tourism spike, the government is loosening some of their stricter laws.

The 15th wealthiest country per capita in the world (5th by purchasing power, 3rd if you go by IMF data), it is very densely populated, mostly of Chinese, Malay, Indian and Eurasian ethnicity. The general population is undergoing some interesting developments, with Singaporeans emigrating to other countries while [[MightyWhitey foreigners]] come to the country seeking high paying jobs. This has been of much talk among the local population, creating the saying "National Service for the locals, jobs for the foreigners", National Service referring to the mandatory 2 years of full-time military service for male Singapore citizens.

Due to the high population density, much of the population live in high-rise government developments. Some of the newer developments are nice enough to be mistaken for private condominiums, although some unsatisfied people have claimed that a few of the newer apartments are as small as the 'pigeonhole' apartments made back in the old days, only more modern.

Singapore is ostensibly a representative democracy, although some political science professors would disagree rather vehemently. The primary political party, the People's Action Party (PAP), has dominated elections since self-government in 1959 much like Malaysia, but their lead slipped in the 2006 election. However, since the 2008 Malaysian election where opposition parties achieve significant gains, the PAP has become wary of changing political tides. In the 2011 election, the PAP's lead slipped once more, with various important constituencies nearly taken by the opposition [[note]] Ah, Marine Parade. The opposition won a good chunk of the votes and almost got the current Prime Minister's team to leave Parliament. Officially, it's because the opposition was just good. Unofficially, one of the PAP members in the running, a young woman named Tin Pei Ling, created a scandal with her apparent lack of intelligence and almost doomed the party. There are currently petitions for her to step down.[[/note]] There is speculation that Singapore might end up as a two-party system with the Worker's Party (WP), especially with the first leader of Singapore, Lee Kuan Yew and unofficial leader of PAP, finally retiring and then proceeding to die. Despite this, much of Singapore's influence and prosperity comes from initially unpopular policies started by the PAP. Politically, it is now one of the USA's best buds in the Pacific, especially in South-East Asia. In fact, it maintains good relationships with an abundance of other nations, generally ranging from 'friendly acquaintance' to BFF.

Some military analysts rank the Singapore Armed Forces as the best equipped and trained force in the region, since its highly-educated pool of conscripts allows it to invest in more advanced military technology. Recruitment is mostly on a conscription basis using a system similar to Israel's, with able-bodied male citizens above a certain age (sixteen and a half, almost always deferred until eighteen after schooling) serving one and a half to two years of National Service, followed by Reservist duty annually. Note that 16-year-olds would be considered child soldiers, according to an optional protocol to the Geneva Convention. However, the entrance standards tend to be much higher than the average 16-year-old could manage without rigorous training. In all, it is considered an extremely rare, surprising occurrence for someone younger than 18 to show up.

There is also the Singapore Civil Defense Force, which started as a normal fire brigade and was made what it has become when the government decided to upgrade the organisation following the infamous Hotel New World incident in the 1980s, coincidentally the time when the murderer Adrian Lim was at large (he has since been made to dance the hemp fandango). The SCDF is also manned by conscripted full-time NS men, and now encompasses the handling of biochemical and radioactive materials, as well as first aid.

Singapore is also a very secular society and have strong sense of religious tolerance, as there a wide variety of religions that Singaporeans practice. In fact, Singapore is one of the few states where their population does ''not'' have a majority religion (Buddhism, the most practiced religion in Singapore, is followed by roughly 33% of their population). The only religions that Singapore bans is the Jehovah Witnesses [[note]]Jehovah Witnesses core beliefs is that they refuse to serve the military or any nation and Singapore has a mandatory draft as mentioned above[[/note]] and Unification Church [[note]]The government considered their church to be a cult, and the fact that their founder, Sun Myung Moon, had made a lot of controversial statements relating to Judaism[[/note]]. Singapore also doesn't tolerate any material that encourages racism or religious discrimination, and ban materials that does so (such as ComicBook/ChickTracts).

Special mention must be made of the local flavor of "English" - while {{engrish}} is also commonplace due to [[BlindIdiotTranslation lazy translators]], '''Singlish''' is what gives the Singaporean experience its unique, 101% genuine feel ([[DontExplainTheJoke the extra 1% is because we're kiasu (scared to lose out)]]). Singlish is a bizarre amalgamation of a language, made mostly of English with choicy bits of Malay, Mandarin, and various Chinese dialects like Hokkien mixed in. Don't mock the language by speaking it poorly, as it'll only make you sound even sillier than we do.

The cost of living is ridiculously high. Fortunately, the large amount of high-paying corporate jobs, as well as copious amounts of government welfare programs, means that the average Singaporean salary is more than capable of taking it. If you're a tourist looking for expensive meals and good living, though, set up a heavy budget and research ahead, or your wallet will bleed. In fact, if you don't plan your money carefully, any holiday-maker can expect their money to drain quickly.

Neil Humphreys, a thoroughly decent bloke from [[UsefulNotes/OneLondonThirtyThreeBoroughs Dagenham]], has written a really good trilogy of books on his life in Singapore, starting with ''Notes from an Even Smaller Island''. [[note]] In case you're wondering, the title references Creator/BillBryson's ''Notes From A Small Island'', where the island was UsefulNotes/{{Britain}}.[[/note]] He has also [[BigEater gained a lot of weight from enjoying our fine international cuisine]] - but beware of the [[FireBreathingDiner peanut soup]].

In short, Singapore is an up-and-coming island nation, which is excellent to live and work in (unless you happen to not be straight), or even just come for a holiday. While sometimes restrictive, it doesn't trespass on most great freedoms. It can handle itself in a war or in emergencies (though it's pathetic on the scale of the military superpowers), and possesses a remarkable combination of cleanliness, safety, and comfort. Just don't break the law, make sure to read all warning signs, and manage your budget well. And, if you intend to live there, be prepared to be diligent, working hard and doing your duty.

* UsefulNotes/SingaporeansWithStealthFrigates - tropes describing the Singaporean military go here.
* For a list of Singaporean works with trope pages, see SingaporeanMedia.
* UsefulNotes/SingaporePolitics
'''Fictional Singaporeans:'''

* Faye Valentine, ''Anime/CowboyBebop''.
* ''Anime/MobileFighterGGundam'' had one Mobile Fighter from ''Neo-''Singapore (a source of UnfortunateImplications in his own right.)

* Jenny Quantum, ''ComicBook/TheAuthority''.
* Tyger Tiger a.k.a Jessan Hoan, Creator/MarvelComics.
* The titular character of Mr Kiasu, as written by the Kuppies (their pen name).
* The [[{{ThemeNaming}} food-themed]] Roti, Kaya, and Guyu, superheroes who run a kaya-sandwich shop, also written by the Kuppies.

* Goh Min and Goh Xiulan, triad leaders of the 54 Immortals from the campaign of ''VideoGame/CallOfDutyBlackOps3''.
** He "Seraph" Zhen-Zhen, a triad enforcer and Specialist of multiplayer.
* Neraine from the [[WebGames flash game]] ''VideoGame/GeNeSis''.
* While not exactly Singaporean, Bolo Santosi from ''[[VideoGame/JustCause Just Cause 2]]'' made waves across the internet solely from her cringe-worthy, exaggerated [[WhatTheHellIsThatAccent Singaporean accent]] bordering on SoBadItsGood territory.

* Flocculencio from ''Script/AHDotComTheSeries'' (and see below)
* Jennifer Chase from Roleplay/ShinHyakujiHighSchool.

'''Singapore in fiction:'''

* An episode of ''Anime/CardfightVanguard'' had the crew visit Singapore as part of the [[TournamentArc Vanguard Fight Circuit]].
* Not only does ''Anime/CowboyBebop'' feature a Singaporean character, the Singapore Merlion statue actually features in key episodes involving her.
* The Siak (pronounced Sok) Republic in ''Franchise/GhostInTheShell''.
* ''Anime/PlasticMemories'': As noted in this [[https://www.reddit.com/r/anime/comments/34qac3/anime_vs_real_life_comparisons_plastic_memories/ reddit thread]], many background scenes take inspiration from notable Singaporean buildings and locations. [[https://docs.google.com/document/d/1Dpt_ClFVFd3Kx0aU460RW_RkCMijtNTg2ma2X32bN50/edit See for yourself.]]
* Episode 6 of ''Anime/APlaceFurtherThanTheUniverse'' features the group stopping by and staying in Singapore while on the way to Fremantle, Australia. The episode is basically SceneryPorn of the island state with ''very'' [[https://docs.google.com/document/d/1Ja08CBs63TPC5uPwB4afT9peFsol033mGBaMFZH07r0/edit accurately rendered locations]] around the country.

* Madripoor, a NoCommunitiesWereHarmed version in Creator/MarvelComics, although there is a separate Singapore in this universe. InUniverse, Madripoor is essentially the opposite of modern-day Singapore, being a crime-filled WretchedHive, and is often bought, taken over, our used as the home of various terrorist and criminal operations, from HYDRA to the Maggia to the Brotherhood of Mutants. Think Gotham City if it was located in the middle of Asia.
** The Blue Marvel once stopped what looked like Parliament House from crashing and falling.
** The X-Corps from are also said to have a branch here.
* The Plutonian sinks the entire island, killing everyone on it, in ''ComicBook/{{Irredeemable}}''.
* ''The Art of Charlie Chan Hock Chye'' by Sonny Liew details the life and work of Singapore's greatest comics artist, and how his works are affected by the history of Singapore itself.

* ''AhBoysToMen'', is a series of Singaporean-Malaysian films about [[Main/{{Conscription}} National]] [[SingaporeansWithStealthFrigates Service]] in Singapore.
* In ''Film/TheAmazingSpiderMan2'', Harry Osborn mentions to Peter Parker that he spent some time in Singapore.
* ''Film/AroundTheWorldInEightyDays2004'': While on the run from colonial authorities in India, Phileas Fogg mentions, but quickly dismisses Singapore and Hong Kong as railroad destinations to avoid capture in British-occupied territories.
* Singapore has gotten mentions in ''Film/BatmanBegins'', as where parts of Batman's cowl are manufactured.
* ''Be With Me''
* In ''Film/IndependenceDayResurgence'' the (absurdly China-looking) island nation along the rest of Asia is [[ApocalypseHow obliterated]] by the arrival of alien mothership.
* Parts of ''Film/InTheMoodForLove'' are set in Singapore.
* ''Film/INotStupid'', an affectionate satire of Singapore's former education system.
* The second act of ''Film/HitmanAgent47'' is set in Singapore, where the Syndicate International headquarters is located.
* Singapore has been mentioned in at least one Film/JamesBond film. Seems like [[SecretIntelligenceService [=MI6=]]] has a tiny branch here in ''Film/TomorrowNeverDies'', where the jamming signal from the Carver Media satellite gets picked up on.
* ''[[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ilo_Ilo Ilo Ilo]]'', a family drama implicitly set during the Asian Financial Crisis detailing the struggles of being a maid in Singapore, was the country's first entry to win an award at the Cannes film festival.

* Kevin Kwan's ''Crazy Rich Asians'' is about the lifestyle of the insanely rich in Singapore. It focuses on an Asian-American girl whose boyfriend takes her to his hometown in Singapore for his best friend's wedding where she discovers that he comes from an extremely wealthy and influential Singaporean OldMoney family who lives in a palace. Much of the country's culture is introduced here.
* As per the Film example, Singapore has been mentioned a grand total of once in the ''Literature/JamesBond'' novels, as where [[SailorEarth 0011]] has been reported to have disappeared.
* James Clavell's novel ''King Rat'' (part of his Literature/AsianSaga series) is set in Singapore's notorious Changi prison during UsefulNotes/WorldWarTwo.
* ''The Singapore Wink'' a novel by Ross Thomas.

* ''Film/HouseOfHarmony'' depicts a romance between a Singaporean Chinese woman and an American expatriate in the 1920s.
* ''Series/SerangoonRoad'', a 2013 co-production between [[Creator/TheABC the Australian Broadcasting Corporation]] and HBO Asia. It's set in 1960s Singapore and focuses on an Australian expat and the Chinese woman who runs a detective agency he does casual work for.
* ''Series/{{Suburgatory}}'': Dalia's father gets married and moves to Singapore, since it's where his new wife comes from and when Dalia finds out about it, she's upset because they don't bring her.

* ''Script/AHDotComTheSeries'' featured a futuristic cyberpunk version of Singapore that has been launched into space and now orbits the Earth; it is the original home of crew member Flocculencio.
* ''Webcomic/{{Polandball}}'' has Singapore be uniquely triangular-shaped (besides [[VisualPun Bermuda]]) instead of spherical, and jokes concerning Singlish, capital punishment, ''karoshi'' and its relative wealth are rife there, [[VerbalTic lah]].

* ''Battlefield4'', a First-Person Shooter that features [[UsefulNotes/ChineseWithChopperSupport Chinese]]-[[AllYourBaseAreBelongToUs occupied]] Singapore in one of its campaign missions.
* ''VideoGame/CallOfDuty''
** ''VideoGame/CallOfDutyBlackOps2'' has a Strike Force Mission take place within a futuristic Keppel Harbour, with the Singapore skyline visible in the background. The multiplayer map "Cargo" takes place at the aforementioned Harbour.
** In ''VideoGame/CallOfDutyBlackOps3'', a futuristic Singapore is featured prominently in the single-player campaign. The advanced, wealthy city has since declined rapidly since 2060 after an industrial accident contaminates most of the Central Business District and is now under quarantine. The 54 Immortals, a local triad gang continues to perform nefarious criminal operations within the containment walls after the government abandons reclamation efforts due to frequent typhoons hitting the region[[note]]As part of the futuristic consequences of climate change; the region has never seen a natural disaster of that scale since, ''ever''[[/note]].
* ''[[VideoGame/DeusExHumanRevolution Deus Ex: Human Revolution]]'': Part of it is set in a futuristic Singapore. Specifically, [[spoiler:Omega Ranch, a biotech research facility that is where all the surviving scientists are being held. Now that the Singapore government is focusing on promoting its biotechnology industry, this may not be too far-fetched.]]
* Freeware RPG game ''Everlong'' has a small fishing village named Singapore. Given that Singapore used to be a fishing village, it might not be entirely coincidental.
* ''Franchise/MassEffect'' mentions in the Codex that Singapore is the site of a SpaceElevator, and considering that Singapore is the only prosperous and highly developed industrialized nation along the equator, it makes a lot of sense for one to be there. In the backstory, Singapore was the site of a transport accident that caused a major Element Zero contamination incident, exposing a lot of children ''in-utero'' and causing the development of biotics: party member Kaidan Alenko was one of these babies.
* ''VideoGame/MedalOfHonorRisingSun'' has a level set in Singapore during the Japanese Occupation, where OSS agents Joe and Tanaka attempts to infiltrate a secret Axis meeting held at Raffles Hotel while passing by old monumental landmarks such as Chinatown, Jamae Mosque and Sri Mariamman Temple.
* In the WWII RTS game ''[[Videogame/MenOfWar Men of War: Assault Squad]]'' and it's sequel, a 1940s Singapore is one of the scenarios, featuring the playable attacking [[UsefulNotes/KatanasOfTheRisingSun Imperial Japanese Army]] against the defending [[UsefulNotes/BritsWithBattleships Commonwealth forces]]. It is depicted as a lush jungle terrain map and the British forces in possession of ''far'' too many tanks stationed there at the time in real life (read: zero).


'''Notable shows in Singapore:'''

* ''Under One Roof'' - A longrunning sitcom that featured the Tan family, who live in a HDB flat in Bishan. Tan Ah Teck (played by ''Moses Lim'') is the awesome, if overweight, father of the house, with many a humorous {{aesop}}, all of which taking place "[[{{catchphrase}} Long, long ago, in the Southern province of China]]."
* ''Phua Chu Kang'' - A sitcom (starring Gurmit Singh) about an Ah Beng construction contractor, his inept employees, and his family. Season One features a lot of Singlish, which was later cut as part of the government's Speak Good English campaign. They {{handwave}} the dropping of Singlish by claiming that Chu Kang was sent for English lessons between seasons.
* ''Gotcha'' - a now-defunct show akin to ''Series/JustForLaughsGags'' and ''Series/CandidCamera''.
* ''The Unbeatables'' - a Chinese-language drama with amazing gambling stunts, which starred two Great Old Names of Caldecott Hill, Zoe Tay and Li Nanxing.
* ''Triple Nine'' - An old crime drama starring the local Criminal Investigation Department, or CID.
* ''VR Man'' - A short, one-season wonder featuring a pager which the titular hero used as a transformation device. It was very heavy on the {{narm}}.
* ''The Golden Pillow'' - Another popular Chinese-language drama.
* ''The Little Nyonya'' - An extremely popular drama featuring the local culture of the Straits-born Chinese, or ''Peranakan'' folk. It's popularity has warranted a DVD release of the entire series.
* ''@ Moulmein High'' - A teen drama set in a Secondary school. In addition to featuring the students, the show also featured the teaching staff and the romances that budded between them.
* ''Growing Up'' - a long-running English-language drama chronicling the trials and tribulations of an everyday family, spanning the 60s to the 90s.
* ''Makan Sutra'' - A little show which highlighted quite a lot of good places to eat in Singapore, hosted by effervescent, Vespa-riding, self-proclaimed "makan guru" KF Seetoh.
* ''Crimewatch'' - A police-sponsored current affairs/public service program which occasionally highlights interesting case-files (by way of re-enactments) to show how good the boys in blue are at catching the crooks.
* ''The Noose'' - Something of a FollowTheLeader to ''Series/TheColbertReport'' and ''Series/TheDailyShowWithJonStewart'', this spoof news program goes with demographical rather than political stereotypes, and content-wise comes close enough to crossing the line to last seven seasons thus far. The disclaimer before the OP helps.
* ''OK Chope!'' - Another FollowTheLeader, this time to panel shows like ''Series/MockTheWeek'' (which has been obliquely acknowledged in the show). Several major changes to the formula include handing buzzers to all the players (referencing how the name "chope" is Singlish for claiming seats in an eatery or something similar), and pre-filmed segments like interviews to keep the show that much more current and relevant.
* ''Tanglin'' - Named for one of the more upmarket residential areas in Singapore, this is Mediacorp's first English-language long-form drama, screening 5 nights a week in order to churn out over 400 episodes to date.

In a related vein, Singaporean adaptations of shows from overseas are equally popular, including local versions of ''Series/AmericanIdol'', ''Series/WhoWantsToBeAMillionaire'', ''Series/TheWeakestLink'', ''Series/DealOrNoDeal'', ''Million Dollar Money Drop, Series/DontForgetTheLyrics,'' ''Just for Laughs: Gags'' and ''Series/MinuteToWinIt''.

[[AC:The Singaporean flag]]
->The flag's red and white stripes symbolize fraternity and virtue, respectively; at the canton is the crescent symbolizing Singapore as a youthful nation, and the five stars symbolize the city-state's ideals of democracy, peace, progress, justice and equality. The similarity to the Islamic Crescent and Stars is coincidental, but evocative.