* ActorAllusion:
** ''Back to Earth'' does it. The crew meet [[spoiler: Craig Charles, who plays Lister]], and Rimmer asks for his own sitcom (Chris Barrie starred in ''Series/TheBrittasEmpire'', which alluded to Brittas having a similar event occur in his past to Rimmer).
** Cat's 'Do ''I'' dance?' from "Parallel Universe". A more prominent example is the ''Blue Midget'' dance from "Back in the Red".
*** The Cat gliding around on roller skates in Me^2. Danny John-Jules was in Starlight Express.
** The {{Shout Out}}s to the ''Franchise/{{Alien}}'' series could be seen as one to Mac [=McDonald=] having played a colony commander in ''Film/{{Aliens}}''.
* ActingForTwo: Each of the cast plays alternate versions of themselves at one point. Robert Llewellyn takes the cake, though, [[YouLookFamiliar also playing]] Jim Reaper (Diva Droid's head of marketing who [[CastingGag calls Kryten ugly]]), Bongo (Ace Rimmer's CO), and the Data Doctor (who is used to reset Kryten to his factory settings). Presumably he also shares the likeness of John Warburton, who never appeared on-screen but was apparently used as the template for the Series 4000 mechanoids.
* BreakawayPopHit: The song "Tongue Tied" from (from the Series II episode "Parallel Universe") was so popular amongst fans that it was released as a single (complete with remixes) in order to coincide with Series 6, several years (and four series) after the episode aired. This is especially impressive because the show never spawned an actual soundtrack album. The episode is one of the most popular of Series II largely because of this song.
* TheCastShowoff:
** Rimmer's impressions and parroting while he malfunctions in "Queeg". Chris Barrie is a trained impersonator who had already starred in ''Series/SpittingImage''. Chris Barrie's lip synching and mannerisms when playing the other characters are also far more convincing than the other actors' in "Bodyswap".
** Danny John-Jules is a trained dancer, and dance sequences for Cat appear in several episodes. He also got to sing in a dream sequence. The song, "Tongue Tied", became a respectable hit and was on the Top 20 in the UK. He also works in some juggling, rollerskating and gymnastics in various episodes.
** That cool instrumental Kryten is playing air guitar to in ''Timeslides''? Craig Charles wrote it. He also wrote and sang the song that plays in the same episode as Lister arrives at his mansion.
* ChannelHop: Originally broadcast on the BBC, it fell by the wayside after series VIII. After repeats on Dave became hugely popular, the "Back To Earth" special was created and on the back of that series X came to be.
* CultClassic: The show has a pretty strong following, as evidenced by its ChannelHop after a successful run of repeats on Dave many years after the end of Series VIII. Robert Llewellyn stated that he disagrees that it qualifies for cult classic status, as it's probably ''too'' popular.
* DeletedScene: Loads of them. Many of them were trimmed for pacing and some others were cut because the effects they had [[SpecialEffectsFailure were very unconvincing]]. They appear as extras on the DVD box sets.
* DevelopmentHell:
** The movie is infamous for being stuck here. Originally planned to go into production after Series VII, it got as far as having a script reading by the cast, filming dates announced and a prosthetic test for Robert Llewellyn. Unfortunately, thanks to continuing issues with funding, it never got any further than that. All that remains of the project is a test model shot using the Remastered ship, included on the ''Bodysnatcher Collection'' DVD set, and about 35 script drafts, with some of the ideas from the drafts reused as the series X episode, "The Beginning".
** The series itself was originally supposed to be filmed and aired in 1987, but was delayed by an electricians' strike.
* DoingItForTheArt: ''Back To Earth'', despite its small budget, looks quite impressive for a TV production. This is because several members of the production team actually worked for free; the CG Skutter seen in part 1 was done entirely by one person for no pay, simply because he loved the show so much.
* EnforcedMethodActing: If Craig Charles looks genuinely shocked when handed a picture of Kryten's genitalia in ''"DNA"'', it's because he was handed a Polaroid of some actual bloke's penis, which he hadn't been informed was going to happen beforehand.
** Craig Charles had the flu during the filming of "Fathers And Sons". The heavy sweating and generally ill look during Lister's video rant to himself was genuine.
* FanFilm: Quite a few were made. A couple of them even appear as extras on the series VII boxset.
* McLeaned: Norman Lovett left due to behind-the-scenes issues.
* NamesTheSame: "Lemons" has the Dwarfers travel to the past and end up meeting a traveller named [[spoiler:Jesus during the years little was chronicled about him]]...but then it turns out [[spoiler:Jesus]] was a common name back then...
* NoBudget: ''Dwarf'' is no stranger to this, but the most significant example is ''Back to Earth''. The concept grew from short clips celebrating the show's 20th anniversary, to a two-part story accompanied by a live episode, to a full-fledged three-part production filmed in HD; unfortunately, the budget did not. The only saving grace was that advancements in technology allowed them to do a lot more with their meagre budget than they would have been able to a decade or two previously. The ill-fated movie also went through several rewrites based on wildly fluctuating budgets.
** Even series 3, with its vastly improved sets and costumes, didn't have a budget that was much bigger than the earlier seasons, but it was spent more wisely, especially with set designer Mel Bibby's ingenious ways of making impressive improvised sets.
* NoStuntDouble: Creator/CraigCharles made a point of doing all his own stunts. His co-stars joke that he's MadeOfIron thanks to all the bumps he's taken over the years.
* TheOtherDarrin: Several:
** Holly, the ship's computer and most notable example, was played by Norman Lovett for Series I-II and was replaced by Hattie Hayridge for Series III-V before being PutOnABus in Series VI. When the character returned for Series VIII (and the Series VII finale), Holly was once again played by Norman Lovett.
** Kryten, the mechanoid, was a one-off character in Series II played by David Ross. When he became a regular in Series III, Ross was unavailable and Robert Llewellyn replaced him for the rest of the show's run.
** Talkie Toaster (ExactlyWhatItSaysOnTheTin) was voiced by John Lenahan in Series I and II (although his scenes were cut for the latter.) When the character resurfaced briefly in a Series IV episode ("White Hole"), not only was he voiced by David Ross (the original Kryten) but the original prop had been replaced as well.
** Kristine Kochanski was a guest character in Series I, II and VI, and played by Clare Grogan. When the character became a main character in Series VII, Grogan was unavailable and Chloë Annett replaced her.
** Rimmer's father was played by John Abineri in series II. After Abineri's death, in series X, he was played by Simon Treves.
* TheOtherMarty: Creator/AlfredMolina was originally cast in the role of Rimmer, but WordOfGod says that he wanted to make too many changes to the character for the writers' liking.
* PayingTheirDues: Of the four original main characters, only one was played by an experienced actor. Craig Charles (Lister) was a poet, Danny John-Jules (The Cat) was a dancer, and Norman Lovett (Holly) was a stand-up comic.
** Even Chris Barrie (Rimmer), although he had acting experience by the time Red Dwarf started, was originally an impressionist.
* ThePeteBest: Kryten first appeared in a one-off appearance in Season 2 where he was played by David Ross. The character proved popular and opened up more storytelling possibilities, so Grant and Naylor decided to bring him back as a regular -- Ross was unable to take the role due to scheduling commitments, however, so he was replaced by Robert Llewellyn (with a HandWave about how his appearance and personality was now different). Llewellyn proceeded to make the part his own, and even write some episodes.
* PlayingAgainstType: Ace was specifically created so Chris Barrie could play someone who wasn't a "git."
* RealitySubtext:
** Derailed by large hiatus at peak of UK popularity.
** Also completely changed the course of Series [=VIII=]. Originally, it was going to end with a two-parter, culminating in the crew finally returning to Earth but obliterating civilisation as they arrive. However, circumstances meant the hour-long series opener had to become a three-parter, another episode had to become a two-parter and the series had to finish on a cliffhanger.
** "Meltdown" was intended to be the opening episode of Series IV. However it was moved to the sixth and last episode because of concerns that viewers would consider it insensitive due to the Gulf War. If hostilities had continued, it might not have been shown at all.
* RealLifeRelative:
** Craig Charles's younger brother Emile plays Lister's 17-year-old younger self in "Timeslides".
** Robert Llewellyn's wife Judy Pascoe plays the titular love interest[[spoiler:'s mechanoid form]] in "Camille".
** Alexander John-Jules (Danny's nephew) as Baby Lister in "Ouroboros".
** Ed Bye's wife Ruby Wax as Blaze Falconburger in ''Timeslides''.
* RecursiveAdaptation: The novel "Infinity Welcomes Careful Drivers" had some plots used for episodes of the TV show, notably in "White Hole". The book also explains a lot of what happened before most of the crew were killed, and some of it was adapted into Series 8. Something of a subversion in that the book is often inconsistent with the show's plot, but this was done deliberately (it is inconsistent in show too). The other books "Better Than Life", "Backwards" and "Last Human" had some features put into the show too, but none as much as the first book.
* RecycledScript:
** "Trojan" is the basic premise of "Beyond a Joke" focusing on Rimmer instead of Kryten.
** "The Beginning" takes several elements from a draft of the movie script.
* RecycledSet: For series X, the same set was modified to create the marketplace, the Trojan's bridge and the Simulants' council room.
* ReferencedBy: As a popular cult classic sci-fi show, It has received a good dose of Shout Outs. [[ReferencedBy/RedDwarf See the sub-page.]]
* ScrewedByTheNetwork: ''Inverted'' with one of their PBS clients. KTEH 54 in California had a deal with BBC that essentially stated that they could air whatever got sent to them... and thanks to a clerical oversight, they got sent all of season 8 ahead of the BBC air date. While they would have been well within their rights to declare the international premier of season 8 on their station, they instead waited until after BBC had aired their episodes - a move that resulted in Craig Charles flying down to do several pledge drives for them. Which, in turn, led to numerous pledges [[JustHereForGodzilla just to hear Craig call them a smeghead on the air.]]
* TechnologyMarchesOn: Lampshaded in ''Back to Earth'' when Kryten and Lister discuss how 21st century [=DVDs=] were later replaced by "superior" technology -- video tapes -- because those were too large to lose, whereas it was scientifically proven that humans are incapable of putting [=DVD=]s back into their box... neatly explaining why the early series has the characters using VHS tapes despite the series being set in the future.
* ThrowItIn: The time Lister ate the cigarette to intimidate a hologram wasn't scripted. [[WordOfGod Craig Charles admits that he's still not sure why he did it.]] (Don't eat cigarettes. It's much more immediately fatal than smoking them.)
--> '''From The Smeg Ups''': "I don't know why I [[PrecisionFStrike fucking]] ate that cigarette!"
* TooSoon: The running order of Series IV was changed because of the Gulf War.
* TroubledProduction: The making-of documentary for Series X makes the entire production process sound like an absolute nightmare for Doug Naylor. The fact that four episodes were shot whilst the remaining two ''were still being written'' thanks to significant production cock-ups on behalf of the producer (a late and inexperienced replacement after the initial producer died from breast cancer just before the series went into full production) is just the tip of the iceberg - the original episodes 5 & 6 had to be thrown out when all the location filming was cancelled (the only location filming in the entire series is a single scene in episode 3), and the short amount of time available to write the remaining two episodes meant that only half of episode 5 could be recorded in front of a studio audience ''because that was all that had been written'', and they had to film extra material with greenscreen later on and edit it all together. (As the documentary was being filmed they still weren't sure if they would be able to film everything.) Beyond that, the original ending to episode 4 had to be abandoned when it was discovered late in the day that there are limits on how long an actor in a chimp costume can work for, and in post-production it was first found that episode one would not pass quality control due to camera issues, and then they ''lost all the rushes''.
* UnfinishedEpisode: It had scripts written for "Bodysnatcher", which was to be the second episode of the first series, and "Identity Within", which was to be a [[ADayInTheLimelight Cat episode]] in series 7. They were eventually included as DVD extras with storyboard images narrated by Chris Barrie. Another, "Dad", was supposed to be the first episode of series 3, resolving the series 2 {{cliffhanger}} of [[MisterSeahorse Lister's pregnancy]], but the writers couldn't get it to work without seeming sexist. Its plot summary was included as UnreadablyFastText at the beginning of that series.
* UnintentionalPeriodPiece:
** Series I, II and III all have a lot of references to 1980s pop culture, which nowadays seem somewhat out of place in the futuristic setting. Starting with Series IV, they toned this down a lot.
** "Krytie TV" is a pretty specific parody of the prank TV shows that were around in the mid-late 1990s.
* WhatCouldHaveBeen:
** A deleted scene from Series II has the Cat and the Toaster singing a duet. Sadly, the Toaster's lines were never recorded.
** An episode entitled "Bodysnatcher", in which Rimmer attempted to steal body parts from Lister, was intended to be the second episode of the show. "Confidence and Paranoia" was going to be the Series I finale, and would have ended with Kochanski's hologram being activated, so that she could become a main character in the next series. When "Bodysnatcher" turned out to be unworkable (never actually having a proper ending), they scrapped it, rewrote the ending for "Confidence and Paranoia" to have a duplicate of Rimmer activated instead, and wrote the episode "Me^2" as a new series finale.
** Similarly, the planned opener for the third series would've been an episode titled "Dad", which would've resolved the cliffhanger of Lister's [[MisterSeahorse pregnancy]] and re-introduced Kryten on-screen, as well as having Lister give birth to a single baby boy. Again, the episode wasn't working so it was scrapped and replaced by a [[UnreadablyFastText comically-rapid]] OpeningScroll (which also resolved the "Where do the twins come from?" dangling plot thread for good measure).
** One of the first concepts for adapting plots from the books into the series was that the crew would find Garbage World (seen in the novel ''Better Than Life''). Obviously they couldn't afford it. This concept eventually became the episode "White Hole", which adapts a different part of the same novel.
** The Series VI finale "Out of Time" originally had an unambiguously happy ending where Rimmer, in an uncharacteristically heroic moment, saves the day by destroying the Time Drive and deleting the crew's evil future selves. A final joke, reprising the "foam moustache" reference at the beginning of the episode, was thought up on the day and [[ThrowItIn quickly added in]]. Later, this was replaced with a cliffhanger ending.
** A third ''Red Dwarf'' novel co-written by Grant and Naylor, titled ''The Last Human'', was being planned before their writing partnership split. (Naylor later re-used the title for his own novel, even though the stories were different.)
** A Series VII script titled "Identity Within" would have dealt with Cat's gradual 'domestication' but was, sadly, not filmed. An animated version appears on the DVD release, with Chris Barrie reading the first draft script over storyboard images. It was replaced by the bottle episode "Duct Soup".
** The Series VIII premiere "Back in the Red" was originally intended to be a one-hour special. It was expanded into a three-parter with reshoots.
** The episode "Cassandra" was almost made as a two-parter. Conversely, the two-parter "Pete" began as a single episode titled "Captain's Office".
** An unproduced Series VIII episode entitled "Phwoaarr" would've had the crew encounter powerful pheromones that ultimately cause people to succumb to DeathBySex. The episode was scrapped because it was too lewd, and because the pheromones were too similar to the sexual-magnetism virus; the concept of Rimmer having sex with Kochanski was transferred to the episode "Cassandra". "Krytie TV" was made instead.
** The eighth series finale "Only the Good..." had '''four''' different endings altogether. The original ending (which was filmed but not used, and can be seen on the DVD) was a happy ending where they saved the ship and took it back for themselves. The second ending was a DownerEnding with Rimmer trapped aboard the disintegrating ship[[note]]Effectively what was broadcast, except ending before Death appears - there's a mockup of how it would have looked on the documentary on the making of the series on the DVD[[/note]]. The third ending involved Ace Rimmer coming to the rescue at the last minute -- this was ready to be filmed, to the extent that Chris Barrie was ''in his Ace costume'', before the broadcast ending was thought up and hastily thrown together.
*** And before that the final episode was to be entitled "Earth" and have a BittersweetEnding where they returned to the homeworld, accidentally destroyed all our epic monuments trying to land, and finally Lister swaps insurance details with the survivors. They ''really'' couldn't afford it.
** There was originally supposed to be more flashbacks in the style of Lister's one from "Balance of Power" to highlight Lister's loneliness.
** In the commentary for the second episode, Chris Barrie mentions that he originally auditioned for both Rimmer and Lister, and ''preferred'' Lister. Imagine that for a moment. "Bodyswap", in fact, gives us a taste of how he would have played it.
*** Similarly, Norman Lovett originally auditioned for Rimmer. Craig Charles got on board because Grant Naylor asked him if he thought the Cat was a potentially racist character, and Charles liked the character of Lister enough to audition.
** Series X was initially intended to have 2 weeks' worth of on-location shooting, 13 days of which had to be sacrificed in order to allow for the inclusion of a live studio audience for each episode. This also resulted in the cutting of two episodes that were going to use on-location footage heavily [[spoiler:and feature a returning Kochanski as a prominent character]].
** There was, at one point, a Christmas Special in development, which never made it off the ground. Bill Pearson built a single model for it, which was recycled as the Simulant Death Ship in "The Beginning".
** Mugs Murphy, the cartoon gorilla who appeared briefly in "Me^2", was originally going to be much more prominent, and Grant Naylor even considered an episode in which he would be brought to life.
** Had the special effects budget allowed it, Rimmer would have been monochrome, as he appears in the Smegazine comic strips. The technology at the time also would have required Chris Barrie being covered from head to toe in green paint.
** TheMovie. Funding was impossible to get. According to WordOfGod, those that did want to fund it, [[ExecutiveMeddling wanted to]] [[TheOtherDarrin replace the cast]] with well-known American actors, a ''huge'' no-no in the eyes of the cast, crew and fans.
** For the books, there was apparently a chapter written explaining what happened to the survivors of the Cat race, but it was never used.
** If TheMovie got made, Creator/WillFerrell was considered to play Hogey the Roguey.
** Both Creator/AlanRickman and Creator/AlfredMolina were considered for the role of Rimmer; Molina was also considered for Lister. Ultimately, the producers decided that given their [[Film/DieHard burgeoning]] [[Film/LadyHawke movie]] careers, they might not be available for the full series. [[TheOtherMarty Molina was actually cast as Rimmer]], but his constant requests for changes to the character didn't sit well with the writers.
** A Comic Relief special featuring Red Dwarf and the Daleks was once attempted, but the producers couldn't get the rights to the monsters. On the A-Z of ''Red Dwarf'' feature from the 10th anniversary special that also appeared as an extra one of the [=DVDs=], the Daleks do appear stating that they don't watch ''Red Dwarf''. [[spoiler: One of them does admit that the red alert bulb gag was funny and the other shoots him for it.]]
** As mentioned above, early in planning ''Back to Earth'' was meant to be a two-part story, accompanied by a special called ''Red Dwarf Unplugged'' which would have seen the cast performing classic ''Red Dwarf'' scenes in front of a live audience. When they tried to do a run-through however, nearly everyone involved realized that the idea simply wasn't going to work, and since Dave had already commissioned three episodes from Grant Naylor Productions, it necessitated changing ''Back to Earth'' into a three-part story.
** Howard Goodall originally composed a score for "Backwards" in reverse, which was sadly not used for the episode. There are also extra unused verses for the end credits theme on the series 6 DVD.
** Epideme was originally intended to be played by Creator/PatrickStewart until they decided to make him LaughablyEvil and gave the part to Gary Martin.
* WordOfGod:
** In a weekly podcast for the TV channel Dave, Doug Naylor explains that Rimmer was brought back as a hologram to keep Lister sane, and as a result his holo-computer makes it so he ages at the same rate as Lister. This neatly paves over the issue of how Rimmer both doesn't age a day during his six hundred years on Rimmerworld but still ages at the same rate as Chris Barrie.
** Kryten's name is taken from the play ''The Admirable Crichton'' (pronounced same).
* YouLookFamiliar: Tony Hawks, who plays the in-game guide to ''Better than Life'' later appears in "Backwards", introducing the Sensational Reverse Brothers. He had also previously been the voice of the vending machines in the first series and later played Caligula in the fourth. The cast referred to him as "The Fifth Dwarfer" during the first two series. The show also contains a deliberate example; between Series II and III, the change in actor for Holly is explained away as him having fallen in love with his mirror universe counterpart Hilly, to the extent that he decided he wanted to ''become'' her - hence Hattie Hayridge playing both characters.
** Robert Llewellyn, in addition to Kryten, played Jim Reaper, a sales executive for Diva Droid; Bongo, Ace's commanding officer; Able, a zoned-out mechanoid; and the Data Doctor, a computer program used to reset Kryten's personality.
** As an example of You ''Sound'' Familiar, in the episode "White Hole" Talkie Toaster was voiced by David Ross, who was the original actor for Kryten.
** The BEGG chief in the Series X episode "Entangled" is played by the same man who played Lister's GELF bride in the Series VI episode "Emohawk: Polymorph II".
** Richard O'Callaghan played The Creator in "Back To Earth" and Hogey The Roguey in "The Beginning".


!!This series has [[TropeNamers named the following tropes]]:

* EverybodysDeadDave: Repeated to OverlyLongGag levels in the first episode.
* HardLight: Rimmer when his hologram is upgraded.
* MoreTeethThanTheOsmondFamily: Rimmer described the Polymorph like this.

!!This series [[ImageSource provides the page image]] for:

* ConsultingMisterPuppet: Rimmer and Mr. Flibble (who's very cross).
* PhraseCatcher: Everyone who has ever met Ace Rimmer.

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