[[quoteright:219:http://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/Poster2_6963.png]]
[[caption-width-right:219:''[[{{Tagline}} So much happened before Dorothy dropped in.]]'']]

->'''Oz Citizen:''' "Glinda, why does wickedness happen?"\\
'''Glinda:''' "Well that's a good question, one that many find confusifying. Are people born wicked, or do they have wickedness thrust upon them?"

TheMusical adaptation of [[Literature/{{Wicked}} Gregory Maguire's novel]], based on ''Literature/TheWonderfulWizardOfOz''.

''Wicked'' is the story of Elphaba, a girl who was born with green skin after her mother had an encounter with a traveling stranger. Soon after, her mother [[DeathByChildbirth died giving birth]] to Elphaba's wheelchair-bound sister, Nessarose, and Elphaba grows up as TheUnfavorite and full of survivor guilt.

Once Elphaba and Nessarose are old enough to attend magical college at Shiz, Elphaba accidentally becomes roommates with the pretty, popular and entirely insufferable Galinda. The two girls instantly fall in loathing, but through a series of misunderstandings involving the rather shallow Prince Fiyero, they come to appreciate each other's perspectives. Slowly but surely, the two girls find common ground and end up becoming best friends.

Things change, however, when Professor Dillamond, their TalkingAnimal teacher, is suddenly dismissed from his profession. Trying to discover where the nation's sudden bouts of racism stem from, Elphaba and Galinda -- now going by Glinda -- make the trip to Emerald City, to meet the Wonderful Wizard of Oz. However, thanks to a LoveDodecahedron involving Fiyero, Nessarose, and a timid young man named Boq, things become a lot more complicated than they had counted on. And as the two girls find themselves sucked into the plot of ''Literature/TheWonderfulWizardOfOz'', it becomes inevitable that one becomes the Good Witch Glinda -- and the other, the Wicked Witch Of The West.

----
!!The Musical contains examples of the following tropes

* AccentUponTheWrongSyllable: A small gag in "Popular" to fit a deliberately awkward rhyme:
-->'''Galinda:''' "And with an assist from me, To be who you'll be, Instead of dreary who-you-were (well, are)!\\
There's nothing that can stop you, From becoming populer!... ''lar''"
* AdaptationalAttractiveness: Elphaba is [[http://img4.wikia.nocookie.net/__cb20110309234132/wicked/images/6/64/180px-MTS2_sunken-woglinde_623691_broadwayIdinaNoGoodDeed.jpg younger and more beautiful]] than the [[http://thenypost.files.wordpress.com/2013/08/tvw_wicked_witch-300x300.jpg wicked witch that we're used to]]. When compared to the [[http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/4/40/Wicked_Witch_of_the_East.png original Frank L. Baum books]], [[http://img3.wikia.nocookie.net/__cb20090403143004/oz_/images/2/2e/Nessarose.jpg Nessarose/The Wicked Witch of the East certainly qualifies as well]].
* AdaptationDistillation: This play takes the basics of the book of ''Wicked'' and removes most of the DarkerAndEdgier stuff.
* AdaptationalVillainy: Just like in the novel, the Wizard is a major antagonist, quite different from his portrayal in the original stories, wherein he was a conman who used clever sleight of hand to gain prestige. He is, however, presented in a slightly more sympathetic fashion here than in the novel - see AffablyEvil and WellIntentionedExtremist for details.
* {{Adorkable}}: Elphaba during her years at Shiz.
** Boq, until he is [[spoiler:turned into the Tin Man]].
** Glinda. She's so quirky and ditzy, it's adorable.
* AffablyEvil: The Wizard. He never once directly says a single harsh word to either Elphaba or Glinda. Some performances of "Wonderful" even have he and Elphaba share a dance before it all goes to hell. All he ever wanted was [[spoiler:to give people what they wanted and keep them happy.]]
* AllLoveIsUnrequited: Nessarose loves Boq. Boq loves Glinda. Glinda loves Fiyero, but can tell he's not fully invested in the relationship. Fiyero loves Elphaba but is stuck in a relationship with Glinda. Elphaba loves Fiyero but doesn't think she stands a chance against Glinda. This has some disastrous results, especially for Nessa and Boq.
* AllMusicalsAreAdaptations
* AlphaBitch: Young Galinda, prior to befriending Elphaba. Once they bond, she becomes more of a SpoiledSweet.
** There has been a researcher that considered ''Popular'' a deconstruction of this trope; the AlphaBitch is declawed here and becomes less threatening.
* AndThereWasMuchRejoicing: The opening song of the musical, "No One Mourns the Wicked," where the citizens of Oz rejoice that the Wicked Witch of the West is finally dead. The entire story that follows it is about how this is an entirely inappropriate response.
* AndIMustScream: Dillamond's fear regarding the Animals in Oz, and [[spoiler:his ultimate fate]].
* AngryMobSong: "March of the Witch Hunters".
* AntiLoveSong: "What Is This Feeling" is a cheery tune sung by the two protagonists in which they profess their "unadulterated loathing" for each other.
* AntiVillain: Elphaba, Nessarose, the Wizard, and even Fiyero display aspects of this. The only clear-cut villain in the whole play is [[spoiler:Madam Morrible]].
* ArcWords:
** Replete with them. "I'm/We're/You're (un)limited" stands out. "(You/we) deserve each other" is also used quite frequently. "A celebration throughout Oz / That's all to do with (me/you)".
** The words "wicked" and "good" themselves.
** No one mourns the wicked.
* BeautifulAllAlong: Elphaba, once she lets her hair down and takes off her glasses.
* BetaCouple: A very unhappy version with Boq and Nessarose.
* BettyAndVeronica: Fiyero in between Elphaba (Betty) and Glinda (Veronica). Boq is with Nessa (Betty) but is in love with Glinda (Veronica), although Nessa and Glinda's roles switch once Nessa goes off the deep end.
* BitchInSheepsClothing: Madame Morrible, at least until the second act, where she just becomes a bitch.
* BittersweetEnding: [[spoiler: Elphaba is forever remembered as a villain and the Wizard as a hero. However, Madame Morrible and The Wizard are disposed of, leaving Glinda in charge, who is actively working to right the wrongs in Oz and carry on Elphaba's cause. Elphaba and Fiyero survive and can live out their days happily, provided they never return to Oz or let the despairing Glinda know her best friends are actually alive.]]
* BlackAndWhiteMorality: The Wizard points out that this moral system is the one most people prefer to believe when given the opportunity.
-->There are precious few at ease\\
With moral ambiguities\\
So we act as though they don't exist
* {{Bookends}}: The celebration of the Death of the Wicked Witch of the West opens and closes the show, from new angles and with slightly different moods each time.
* BrainlessBeauty: Both Glinda and Fiyero start out as this, and retain some aspects of it even after a good bit of CharacterDevelopment.
* BSODSong[=/=]SanitySlippageSong: "No Good Deed". Once Elphaba loses Fiyero, things start to snap...
* BurnTheWitch: "March of the Witch Hunters."
* TheCaligula: What Nessarose becomes after she inherits the position of Governess of Munchkin Land, by ''enslaving their entire race'' out of MadLove for Boq. It's heavily implied absolutely no one in Munchkinland likes her, if it wasn't obvious enough in the source material that they ''celebrate after she gets smashed by a house''.
* CallAndResponseSong: Certain segments of "What Is This Feeling?"
* TheCaretaker: Elphaba dutifully plays this role for her disabled sister during much of the first act. In fact, her father only allowed her to come to Shiz University so she could assist Nessarose. Boq later replaces her, if unwillingly.
* {{Catfight}}: Elphaba and Glinda get into one after arguing over Fiyero. When guards come to arrest Elphaba, they break the two apart, and Glinda complains that she almost had her.
* ChekhovsGun: [[spoiler:We get a good look at the green bottle the Wizard offers Glinda a drink from, which observant viewers will recognize as the same one the man who seduced Elphaba's mother had.]] Madame Morrible casually mentions at some point that weather spells are her speciality, and later she uses this ability to [[spoiler:create a cyclone that brings Dorothy to Oz and kills Nessarose.]]
* ChildOfTwoWorlds: Elphaba Thropp is word-for-word called this near the end of the show when it's discovered that while she was born in Oz to an Ozian mother, [[spoiler:her biological father is the Wizard, who is from earth, which is why she great magical powers (her skin color was because of the green elixir her mom drank during the affair).]]
* ClapYourHandsIfYouBelieve: Dr. Dillamond seems to believe that the Animals losing their powers of speech is the logical conclusion of the government keeping Animals from speaking out.
* ClingyJealousGirl: Galinda is a toned down version. She did decide to get married to Fiyero on the day she met him and refused to give up on their broken relationship with a 'surprise' engagement. Nessa is a much more alarming version ...
* ColdBloodedTorture: The Wizard's guards try to get Fiyero to give up Elphaba's location by taking him out to a field to be tortured. However, Elphaba tries to save him by [[spoiler:casting a spell from the grimoire that ultimately turns him into the Scarecrow]] so it's unclear exactly how much/long Fiyero suffers from this attempt.
* ComicallyMissingThePoint: Galinda doesn't get why her history teacher keeps talking about the past.
** After [[spoiler:Nessarose dies by Morrible dropping Dorothy's farm on her]], Elphaba holds a major grudge against Dorothy, for obvious reasons. She constantly tries to get her shoes (as in the film). When G(a)linda shows up to confront Elphaba ''again'', she yells "They're ''just shoes''!" This made a bit more sense in the novel; the shoes were actually magical, and carried major emotional baggage to boot.
* CompositeCharacter: The musical makes it so that Fiyero is also [[spoiler:The Scarecrow]], and Boq becomes [[spoiler:The Tin Man]]. In all the source material (including both Baum's and Maguire's novels), they are four distinct and unrelated characters.
** Fiyero's initial characterisation as an UpperClassTwit is actually far closer to the novel's characterisation of Avaric, Fiyero's roommate and best friend, than it is of Fiyero himself - who, in Maguire's original, was always quiet and thoughtful (not to mention covered in tribal tattoos). Avaric himself, always a minor character, is relegated in the musical to Fiyero's servant who appears only in his first scene and has barely any lines, not to mention a completely different role and personality from his book counterpart.
* {{Corpsing}}: Quite frequent during "Popular". Whoever is playing Elphaba will more than likely crack up at Galinda's antics. But either one is likely to lose it when the other does "Toss, toss!".
* CostumePorn: Galinda gets the [[PimpedOutDress fanciest dresses]], but a majority of the costumes overall are highly detailed. Even Elphaba's dress in the second act is highly detailed, to give the appearance of being patchwork.
* CounterpointDuet: The latter half of "What Is This Feeling," though there's more than two voices involved. The final chorus of "For Good", although it's the same melody, just sung at different times.
* CrapsaccharineWorld: Oz, especially the Emerald City. The whimsical fantasy sets fail to distract from the fact that all talking animals and other segments of the population are being oppressed by a manipulative government. Compare "Something Bad" to "One Short Day".
* CrossCulturalKerfluffle: The German production changed the name of the city Shiz to "Glizz", [[InMyLanguageThatSoundsLike since it sounds similar to the word "Schiss", which is a form of the German word "Schei▀e", meaning "shit"]].
** Similarly, Boq became "Moq", since "Bock" is German for "billy goat."
* CutSong:
** [[http://www.theatre-musical.com/wicked/cutlyrics.html "Making Good"]] was replaced in the final cut by "The Wizard and I" - a recording of it is included on the 5 year anniversary album. The original song in place of "Dancing Through Life" was called "Which Way's The Party" (lyrics also at the same link); that one has not been released in any official form.
** The song "Wicked Witch of the East" is in the musical, but not in any of the sound tracks. This is because the lyrics are interspersed with a lot of dialog, and because it contains spoilers that were not yet common knowledge when the cast recording was released in 2003. Still, you can find videos of the song on YouTube.
** "No Good Deed" originally had a DarkReprise of the ''Unlimited'' verse that also appears in "The Wizard and I", "Defying Gravity", and "For Good", that got snipped from it because it was decided having it show up four times was overkill.
* DarkIsNotEvil: Elphaba, who never truly does become a villain.
* DarkMagicalGirl: Elphaba.
* DarkReprise:
** ''No One Mourns the Wicked'' and the finale.
** "I'm Not That Girl" and "A Sentimental Man" with their respective reprises would also qualify.
** A variant: The "I Hope You're Happy" passage at the beginning of "Defying Gravity" starts darkly, as Elphaba and Glinda are sniping at each other. When they sing it again toward the end of the same song, it becomes a Sad Reprise, as the two friends genuinely wish each other happiness, no matter the roads they take in life.
** In "Dancing Through Life" and "The Wicked Witch of the East", where Boq sings to Nessa. The first one is him trying to confess that he's only asked her out because he wants to impress Glinda. The reprise is when he tells her that he's leaving her, which makes her so mad she tries to remove his heart.
--->Listen, Nessa - Uh, Nessa
--->I've got something to confess\\
A reason why, well,\\
Why I asked you here tonight\\
Now, I know it isn't fair...
:::And then in "The Wicked Witch of the East":
--->Nessa - Uh Nessa\\
Surely now I'll matter less to you\\
And you won't mind my leaving here tonight\\
The ball that's being staged\\
Announcing Glinda is engaged...
** The same songs used in the one above are used for Nessa's last part in the song. In the original bit, Nessa sings about being happy about being able to have a fun night with Boq at the Ozdust party. The second one is her singing about [[{{Yandere}} never wanting Boq to leave her and for Elphaba to save him so it won't happen.]]
** "March of the Witch Hunters" is an inversion - it's more light (musically) than its original, "March of the Winkies" (straight from the film and its various adaptations), but the lyrics graphically talk about killing.
** "March of the Witch Hunters" is also an [[UpToEleven even darker]] reprise for the already fairly dark "No Good Deed".
*** The latter is a SanitySlippageSong about Elphaba finally giving up on trying to be good:
--->No good deed goes unpunished\\
No act of charity goes unresented!\\
No good deed goes unpunished\\
That's my new creed!
*** The former is an AngryMobSong about graphically hunting down and killing Elphaba:
---> Wickedness must be punished\\
Evil effectively eliminated!\\
Wickedness must be punished\\
Kill the witch!
* DeadpanSnarker: Elphaba is this right from the start, and gets even moreso as the story progresses.
* DelusionsOfEloquence: G(a)linda and Madame Morrible (and, to a lesser extent, most Ozians).
-->Congratulotions!
-->Oh hallowed halls and vine-draped walls/the proudliest sight there is...
** During "What is This Feeling"
-->Poor Galinda, forced to reside
-->With someone so disgusticified
* DepartmentOfRedundancyDepartment: "Something has changed within me, something is not the same."
* DisneyDeath: [[spoiler:Both Elphaba and Fiyero.]]
* DistantDuet: [[spoiler:Elphaba and Glinda's final reprise of "For Good" at the end.]]
* DotingParent: Frex to Nessarose and [[TheUnfavorite definitely not to Elphaba]]. It's hinted that Galinda's parents are this to her.
* DramaticIrony:
** "I'd be so happy I could melt" from "The Wizard and I". And "When people see me, they will ''scream''..." More poignant: "Someday there'll be a celebration throughout Oz that's all to do... with me!" There is, but it's celebrating her death.
** Subverted by Fiyero's incredulous, [[spoiler:"Did you hear that? Water will melt her? People are so empty-headed they'll believe anything."]] The audience thinks this is DramaticIrony and that he's wrong, but at the end it turns out [[spoiler:it really is just nonsense.]] (Morrible's [[spoiler:earlier line "Don't get caught in the rain, dear!" to a lone Elphaba in the rain doesn't help matters.]])
** The show has a lot of this for itself. Watching it a second time can be a very different experience from watching it the first time. Mainly, "No One Mourns the Wicked", many of Fiyero's lines [[spoiler: about being brainless, since he turns into the Scarecrow]] and every interaction between [[spoiler: Elphaba and the Wizard, once it's revealed he's her father.]].
* [[DroppedABridgeOnHim Dropped A House On Her]]: Nessarose.
* DumbBlonde:
** At first played straight with Glinda, but then [[DownplayedTrope downplayed]] significantly when she turns out to have HiddenDepths.
** [[DiscussedTrope Discussed]] by Elphaba in "What Is This Feeling." While Galinda gives a lengthy explanation of why she hates Elphaba in her own letter home, Elphaba sums up her loathing for Galinda in one word: Blonde.
* DyingAlone: [[DiscussedTrope Said as much]] in the opening ("And goodness knows, the wicked die alone...") about Elphaba.
* EatingLunchAlone: Discussed. Elphaba offers to share her lunch with her teacher, Dr. Dillamond, ostracized for being a Goat. She eats her sandwich; he eats the paper bag it came in. And the wrapper.
* EmergencyTransformation: Turns [[spoiler:Boq into the Tin Man.]] and [[spoiler:Fiyero into The Scarecrow.]]
* EveryoneWentToSchoolTogether: Glinda even lampshades this in Act 2.
* EvilLaugh: Depending on the production, Elphaba has either always had her distinctive cackle, only develops it after becoming Wicked, or never uses it. In most cases, it comes right after G(a)linda slaps her after Dorothy's arrival in Oz.
* FantasticRacism: The persecution of talking Animals. People disliking Elphaba for her green skin.
* FakeWeakness: Fiyero (and, unwittingly, Morrible) propagates the idea that [[spoiler:Elphaba's vulnerable to water in order to fake her death. Elphaba is clever enough to play along]].
* FashionableAsymmetry: The guiding principle for the costumes of the ensemble in the musical production, which eventually won a Tony Award in this department.
* {{Foreshadowing}}: If you're familiar with TheWonderfulWizardOfOz at all, many lines stand out.
--> "I'd be so happy I could...''melt!''"
* FriendlessBackground: Elphaba.
-->'''Dr. Dillamond:''' Miss Elphaba, don't worry about me, go along and enjoy your friends.
-->'''Elphaba:''' Oh, that's all right, I have no friends.
* [[GreenSkinnedSpaceBabe Green Skinned Oz]] BeautifulAllAlong: Elphaba
* GoneHorriblyWrong: Anything Elphaba does to do good.
** She saves the lion, but he grows up being a coward.
** She grants her sister Nessa the ability to walk, but Boq dumps her as soon as he realizes that she doesn't need him anymore, and she becomes the Wicked Witch of the East as a result.
** She saves Boq in time, but he automatically hates her for giving him his tin form.
*** Granted, part of this is Nessa blatantly throwing Elphaba under the bus, as when she's fleeing the scene, Nessa is screaming that it's all her fault in some crazed attempt to push Boc's loathing off of her and onto Elphaba.
** She saves Fiyero before the guards kill him, but he's now at risk of burning up more easily.
* GorgeousGarmentGeneration: Galinda tries to do this for Elphaba with her wand, but nothing happens (this was well before she learned any magic).
-->"And now I shall transform your frock into a magnificent ballgown!"
* HairFlip: "And this is how you toss your hair!" ({{Beat}}) "[[ReadingTheStageDirectionsOutLoud Toss-toss.]]"
** When Elphaba attempts it with her [[RapunzelHair hip-length waves,]] it's ''even funnier.'' [[RealityEnsues Long hair cannot be flipped easily.]]
* HamToHamCombat: Glinda vs. Elphaba in Munchkinland.
* HateAtFirstSight: There's a song dedicated to the idea: Elphaba and Galinda get a song that almost sounds, ''and starts'', like a love ballad, except they ''hate'' each other.
* HeelRealization: Galinda gives Elphaba the trademark black hat and invites her to the Ozdust Ballroom with the gang because she thought she couldn't "think of anyone I hate that much" to foist it on them (to which some girls respond "Yes, you do!") But when Elphaba arrives and gets ridiculed as expected, Galinda realizes how awful she's been and stops the laughing by going up and dancing with her. They evolve into friends after that.
* HeroicBSOD: "All right, enough! So be it!... so be it then." Elphaba loses it after [[spoiler:Fiyero dies]]. In the musical, we have the "No Good Deed" song.
* HeroicBastard: [[spoiler: Elphaba's birth was the result of an affair between the Wizard (her biological father) and her mother- her green skin came from the green elixir the Wizard used to seduce her mother]].
* HeroWithBadPublicity: All Elphaba wanted to do was help save the Animals (and these are animals of human-level sentience). But by the end of the musical, she's considered a monster by most Ozians and has come to be known by them as the "Wicked Witch of the West" depicted in TheWizardOfOz.
* HomosocialHeterosexuality: A rare female version between Elphaba and Glinda. The two are fighting over Fiyero but the situation is much more about their friendship than their love for Fiyero.
* IAmBecomingSong:
** Defying Gravity. An IAmWhatIAm song, as she finally embraces her true nature as a witch.
** "No Good Deed" is this as well as a SanitySlippageSong, and a VillainSong, as it is Elphaba's VillainousBreakdown because she believes [[spoiler:Fiyero is dead]] and that she'll only ever cause harm to anything and everyone she even dares to care about.
* IAmSong: "Popular" and later [[spoiler:"I'm Not that Girl"]] for G(a)linda, "Dancing Through Life" for Fiyero (before his CharacterDevelopment), and "I'm Not That Girl" for Elphaba before [[spoiler:Fiyero gets his CharacterDevelopment and is]] PromotedToLoveInterest.
* ICantBelieveAGuyLikeYouWouldNoticeMe:
-->'''Elphaba''': My wildest dreaming could not forsee/lying beside you... with you ''wanting me''...
* IfICantHaveYou: [[spoiler:Nessarose decides that if Boq won't give her his heart, he might as well not have a heart to give, and reads a spell from the grimoire to do just that.]] Say "hi" to our Tin Man.
* IncomingHam: Young Galinda's high notes at the end of "Dear Old Shiz", as she is rolled onstage seated atop her piles of luggage, no less.
* InformedDeformity: Any character seeing Elphaba for the first time tends to recoil in shock at her supposed ugliness, simply because she's green. Even her best friend only calls her beuatiful after a gaudy "makeover", and her lover calls her beautiful because he's "looking at things another way". In actual fact, Elphaba is a young and beautiful woman (with none of the uglyness of the [[Film/TheWizardOfOz Wicked Witch of the West from the movie or the book the musical adapted from]], no crooked nose or warts) who only looks unattractive at the beginning of the musical because she wears her hair in a boring braid, glasses, and conservative clothes (which is clearly not what people find ugly about her).
* InspirationallyDisadvantaged: Invoked (cynically) by Galinda, in the number "Dancing Through Life." To get Boq out of her hair, she points him in Nessa's direction. He's eager to play the hero and impress Galinda, so he asks her out.
--> "See that tragically beautiful girl? The one... in the chair? It seems so unfair, we should go on a spree, and not she..."
* IronicEcho:
** "I hope you prove me wrong! I doubt you will!"
** "Everyone deserves a chance to fly!"
** "You deserve each other!" used maaany times:
*** Used by Galinda in Dancing Through Life as she [[spoiler:gives Elphaba her iconic hat, but also when she finds out Elphie's in love with Fiyero, and vice versa.]]
*** Used by [[spoiler:Nessa, in a song cut from the Cast Recording. "Alone and loveless here, with just the girl in the mirror. Just her and me, the Wicked Witch of the East...and we deserve each other."]]
*** Nessa also uses this in Dancing through Life when she tells her about her feelings for Boq: Elphaba see?/We deserve each other.
* ItHasBeenAnHonor: "For Good" is mostly this in its lyrics.
* IWantSong: "The Wizard and I".
* JerkWithAHeartOfGold: Fiyero tries to remain aloof and entirely self-centered and succeeds for a little while, but ultimately when the chips are down he fails.
** Glinda comes across as an airheaded bitch at first, but she gradually becomes a better person, and eventually drops the "Jerk" aspect entirely.
* JumpingOffTheSlipperySlope: Elphaba's personal VillainSong, called ''[[{{NoGoodDeedGoesUnpunished}} No Good Deed]]'' plays this very straight [[spoiler:before it becomes subverted]].
-->Let all Oz be agreed\\
I'm [[{{TitleDrop}} wicked]] through and through\\
Since I can not succeed\\
[[{{StuffedIntoTheFridge}} Fiyero, saving you]]\\
I promise no good deed\\
Will I attempt to do again\\
Ever again\\
No good deed\\
Will I do again!
** The argument can also be made for the Wizard. After being portrayed as misguided but with ultimately noble intentions for bulk of the second act, his moment comes when Elphaba is melted, [[spoiler:or so everyone thinks,]] presumably on either his orders or orders he allowed Madame Morrible to make.
** Nessarose goes from sweet, doting girl concerned about her sister to [[spoiler:the Wicked Witch of the East who is responsible for turning Boq into the Tin Man out of murderous jealousy and heartbreak.]]
* KarmaHoudiniWarranty: The moment the Wizard feels remorse for [[spoiler:helping to (allegedly) kill his daughter Elphaba]], Glinda [[spoiler:uses this to push him out of office and overtake Oz.]]
* LargeHam: Every Glinda seems to be required to try and top the previous actress in zaniness. Kristin Chenoweth was goofy, but relatively downplayed compared to, say, [[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XiVglR7xVoU&feature=related Natalie Daradich's]] or [[https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Rwu_VvS_NJg Alli Mauzey's]]. [[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Po0kCz9TK4Q&feature=related Kendra Kessenbaum]] turns "Popular" into borderline acrobatics at some points.
* LaughingMad: Depending on the actress playing her (as well as the one playing Glinda), Elphaba can have shades of this when she cackles after Glinda slaps her. Bonus points if it's the exact same cackle from the film.
* LighterAndSofter: While it would be hard to get away with putting many of the book's events in a Broadway musical, these events are also important enough that omitting them would cause AdaptationInducedPlothole. The musical, rather than being an actual direct adaption of the book, takes the basic general premise and characters of the book and completely reworks the plot. [[WhatDoYouMeanItsNotForKids This has the unfortunate consequence of making adults think the book is for kids, too.]]
* LionsAndTigersAndHumansOhMy: Most of the Animals in Oz interact with the human Ozians in a fairly normal way. That is, until the plot progresses and the Animals are rounded up and [[spoiler:lose the ability to speak]] due to FantasticRacism and MaliciousSlander.
* LovableAlphaBitch: Galinda/Glinda, after a dose of character development
* LoveDodecahedron: Nessarose loves Boq who loves Galinda who loves Fiyero who loves Elphaba who loves him back. To put it in perspective: [[spoiler: The Wicked Witch of the East loves The Tin Man who loves Glinda who loves The Scarecrow who loves The Wicked Witch of the West.]] Made ever so slightly more complicated by the fact that Elphaba and Fiyero both also platonically care about Glinda, and Elphaba and Nessarose are sisters.
* LoveTriangle: Elphaba/Fiyero/Glinda and Glinda/Boq/Nessarose.
* LoveMakesYouCrazy: Nessarose.
* LoveMakesYouEvil: Nessarose.
* LukeIAmYourFather: Somewhat inverted, only the father ever finds out (but he gets a good shock at the news).
** In the book, it's heavily implied rather than spelled out, but the result is the same; [[spoiler:the Wizard doesn't learn he's Elphaba's father until after she's dead.]]
* MagicAIsMagicA: You can't undo one of the grimoire's spells once it's cast, you'll have to use a different spell that MIGHT get what you're after.
* MagicalGesture: Madame Morrible's weather magic appears to operate via these
* MagicalIncantation: The spells of the grimoire.
* MagicMisfire: Nearly every spell from the grimoire. This is mostly due to the fact that the grimoire tells you what the results of the spell is, but you don't know how it achieves it until you cast it.
** When Nessa tries to cast a love spell, or something like it, on the object of her affections... But unfortunately, she absolutely mangles the pronunciation. It certainly changed his heart alright, and almost killed him!
** Elphaba does this in No Good Deed when casting an invulnerability spell on [[spoiler:Fiyero]], messing up the last part of the incantation and transforming him into [[spoiler:The Scarecrow.]] The spell did exactly what she asked, but not quite the way she meant...
---> Let his flesh not be torn, let his blood leave no stain
---> Though they beat him, let him feel no pain
---> Let his bones never break, and however they try to destroy him
---> Let him never die, let him never die!
** Also, when she casts the flight spell on the monkey, it grants him wings, but in an extremely painful manner.
* TheMakeover: Glinda tries to give Elphaba one in "Popular", with mixed results.
* MaliciousSlander: Both Elphaba and the Animals becomes victim to this thanks to the Wizard's PropagandaMachine.
* ManicPixieDreamGirl: Glinda, in her schoolgirl days; Elphaba describes it in detail with "I'm Not That Girl." Gets deconstructed a bit in Act Two, as Glinda starts to realize there's more to life than sparkles.
* MidwordRhyme:
** In "A Sentimental Man":
--->And helping you with your ascent al-
--->-lows me to feel so parental
** Frequently in "Defying Gravity":
--->It's time to try
--->defy-
--->ing gravity.
** In "Popular":
--->Don't be offended by my frank analysis
--->Think of it as personality dialysis
--->Now that I've chosen to become a pal a sis-
--->ter and adviser, there's nobody wiser
* MoodWhiplash:
** The beginning of Act II. The people are singing about the terror spread by the Wicked Witch... and then Glinda distracts them with news of her (very public) engagement. It's a stellar propaganda job.
** The entire [[spoiler:post-cyclone]] scene constantly bounds between hilarious and heartbreaking.
* TheMovie: In DevelopmentHell.
** According to producers of the musical, they're [[DramaticIrony "waiting for the show's sales to taper off"]] before making a film.
** With the success of Les Miserables, it's been said now that the movie will happen "sooner rather than later".
** The idea of a movie has been floating around for so long with no follow up that Idina Menzel herself has commented half-jokingly that she and Kristen Chenoweth will either be too old to reprise their roles by the time a movie actually starts getting produced, or that the staff will have to resort to using CG to make them both look younger.
** As of March 2014 it's been officially confirmed that a Wicked movie really ''is'' in the works, but as of yet there are no staff members or actors attached to it.
* TheMusicalMusical: When Glinda and Elphaba visit the Emerald City in "One Short Day", they go to watch (and somewhat participate in) Wizomania.
* MythologyGag:
** Not within the show itself, but several to ''Film/TheWizardOfOz''.
--->'''Nessa:''' What's in the punch?\\
'''Boq:''' Lemons and melons and pears--\\
'''Nessa:''' Oh my!
** Another notable: Elphaba pays Nessa a visit.
--->'''Nessa:''' What are you doing here?\\
'''Elphaba:''' Well ... there's no place like home.
** Creator/StephenSchwartz has [[WordOfGod stated]] that [[TwiceToldTale the whole joy of the show]] is these nods that allow us to see how the Oz we know and love came to be. Hence in Act 1, Elphaba gradually acquires her famous witch's outfit; and in Act 2, [[spoiler:we learn the origin of the cyclone, the Scarecrow, the Tin Man and the Cowardly Lion.]]
** The first seven notes of the repeated "Unlimited" musical motif are the same (though their rhythm is very different) as those of "Over the Rainbow".
** The performers at the Wizomania show are identical to the Hammerheads in Baum's original book, though here they appear to be caricatures of the Wizard himself.
** Another nod to the original Baum novels: during "One Short Day", at one point, a street peddler gives Elphaba and Glinda glasses with green tinted lenses, which they wear briefly during the remainder of the number. In Baum's ''Literature/TheWonderfulWizardOfOz'', the Wizard made everyone in the Emerald City (which wasn't actually all that green) wear green-tinted glasses so that everything would appear to be green.
** In Act 2, when the Wizard agrees to free the winged monkeys from his servitude, Elphaba gleefully shouts, "Fly, monkeys, fly!"
** The ''absolutely idiotic'' idea that a person would melt if splashed with water. They use the joke a few times. [[ChekhovsGun Good thing, too.]]
** Nessa's shoes, which start out silver (as they are in [[Literature/TheWonderfulWizardOfOz Baum's book]]) and turn [[Film/TheWizardOfOz ruby red]] after Elphaba casts her spell on them.
** Glinda once asks someone else to "wait just a tick-tock"; Tik-Tok is a clockwork character who first appeared in ''Ozma of Oz''.
** The Wizard at one point tells Elphaba, "Where I'm from we believe all sorts of things that aren't true... we call it history." The Wizard made similar comments to the Scarecrow, Tin Man and Cowardly Lion in the MGM movie.
* NamedByTheAdaptation: Elphaba and Nessa are nameless in the book and MGM movie, but got their names in the book, which the musical adapted. [[spoiler: Fiyero could count too, as the Scarecrow had no name in the original book and movie. And since the "Wicked" book doesn't actualy portray Fiyero and the Scarecrow as the same person, the Scarecrow isn't named in the book either, only in the musical.]]
* NoGoodDeedGoesUnpunished: This is an ongoing feature of Elphaba's life story. So much so that the VillainSong accompanying her HeroicBSOD is called "No Good Deed."
--> One question haunts and hurts -
--> too much, too much to mention.
--> Was I really seeking good?
--> Or just seeking attention?
--> Is that all good deeds are
--> when looked at with an ice-cold eye?
--> If that's all good deeds are,
--> maybe that's the reason why -
--> no good deed goes unpunished!
* NoSenseOfDirection: By her own admission, [[ShoutOut Glinda.]]
* NotEvilJustMisunderstood: The Wicked Witch of the West was pretty damn misunderstood.
* PairTheSpares: Galinda [[InvokedTrope attempts to do this]], with disastrous results.
* ParentalFavoritism: Nessarose is clearly preferred over Elphaba by their father.
* PerfectlyCromulentWord: Madame Morrible is fond of these.
* PoliticallyMotivatedTeacher: Professor Dillamond is extremely passionate about his beliefs about [[FantasticRacism the prejudice against]] [[TalkingAnimal talking animals]] [[FantasticRacism in the school system]] and his fears about what is happening to them, [[spoiler:fears which turn out to be correct]].
* PromotedToLoveInterest: Fiyero for Glinda, Boq for Nessarose. Jarring considering in the books none of these characters seemed to even speak to each other that often if at all.
* PragmaticAdaptation: Some fans are of the opinion that a direct translation of the book to the stage wouldn't have done nearly as well as the LighterAndSofter version.
* PropagandaMachine: First used by the Wizard and his {{mooks}} against the animals of Oz to convince the human citizens that the animals were causing trouble and were better kept caged up, where they would lose the [[AndIMustScream ability to speak]]. Later used by both [[VillainWithGoodPublicity the Wizard]] and [[spoiler:Madame Morrible]] in a [[MaliciousSlander smear campaign]] against [[HeroWithBadPublicity Elphaba]].
* ProphecyTwist:
** [[ForegoneConclusion In-story, anyway.]] Elphaba sees that everyone in Oz will have a celebration "that's all to do...with me!" Everyone celebrates that the Wicked Witch is ''gone''.
** From the same song, "I'll be so happy, I could melt!" and "When people see me, they will scream [for the Wizard and I]".
** Fiyero's "Maybe I'm brainless" in As Long As You're Mine as well.
** "Life's more painless/For the brainless."
* PsychoExGirlfriend: Nessarose, for Boq. Resulting in an IfICantHaveYou that ends... well... strangely.
* RenamedTheSame: Galinda changes her name to Glinda.
* RichBitch: Nessarose, but only after [[spoiler:Elphaba is declared the Wicked Witch. She has all of Munchkinland in ''slavery''.]] Galinda, prior to CharacterDevelopment.
* RomanticTwoGirlFriendship
* SafetyInIndifference: Fiyero uses a more positive version of this trope, cultivating his image as a BrainlessBeauty as a way of avoiding commitment.
--> '''Fiyero''': "...Life is painless, for the brainless..." ''Dancing Through Life''
* SatelliteLoveInterest: {{Subverted}} with Fiyero. He does play an active role in the plot, but it's mainly how he affects the two main characters of Elphaba and Glinda. Similarly, he actually does get CharacterDevelopment and an arc as he outgrows his shallow prince persona and falls for [[BettyAndVeronica Elphaba over Glinda]]. He also seems to have no bearing on what later becomes the wizard of Oz [[spoiler:until it's clear he's the Scarecrow, which is a deviation from the novels.]]
* TheScapegoat: The Animals in Oz. Dr. Dillamond (who is a goat) even points this out to Elphaba.
* [[HeWhoMustNotBeSeen She Who Must Not Be Seen]]: Dorothy, who is only present offstage twice and in silhouette once. The Cowardly Lion [[spoiler:(as an adult)]], the only part of whom we see is his tail. [[WordOfGod According to the companion book The Grimerrie]], Dorothy and the Lion were originally both in the opening, but were written out when the writers decided that having the two most memorable characters would conflict with the idea of the show.
* ShoutOut: The stage is framed by a massive clockwork set, topped by a [[RedEyesTakeWarning red-eyed]] animatronic dragon head that occasionally comes to life and writhes back and forth during important/dramatic moments. The popular theory is that this represents the Time Dragon Clock from the book.
** In Act II, when Glinda has become the Wizard's propaganda mouthpiece, she's wearing a powder-blue business suit and speaking into a old-fashioned microphone, making her look very much like [[Music/{{Evita}} Eva Perˇn]].
* ShowStopper: "Defying Gravity" generally has this effect.
* ShowWithinAShow: The "Wizomania" musical in the Emerald City.
* SinglePaletteTown: The Emerald City, carried over from ''Film/TheWizardOfOz.'' "It's all grand / And it's all green!" Stealth subversion? In the original ''Literature/TheWonderfulWizardOfOz'' book, it's revealed that the Emerald City is actually built of all white stone and people wear green shades so it all looks green. Guess what the Emerald City residents are wearing on stage.
* SlidingScaleOfIdealismVersusCynicism: Not nearly as cynical as the book.
* SoundtrackDissonance: Slight variation in that the soundtrack is dissonant with the lyrics and subject matter. What is This Feeling? is a happy, bouncy, upbeat song all about how much Galinda and Elphaba hate each other. "Loathing! Unadulterated loathing! For your face; your voice; your clothing! Let's just say I loathe it all."
** The reprise of "No one mourns the wicked", whose lyrics once again emphasize how happy Oz is about Elphaba's death, has a slow and sad melody because the audience isn't meant to be happy about it, and we can see how sad Glinda is.
* SparedByTheAdaptation: [[spoiler:Elphaba and Fiyero]] only fake their deaths in the musical--they actually do die in the novel. Played with in regards to [[spoiler:Madame Morrible]]; she doesn't die like she does in the novel, but she does [[spoiler:get LaserGuidedKarma inflicted upon her by Glinda, who sends her to prison for all her misdeeds]].
* SpiritualSuccessor: ''{{Disney/Frozen}}'' has been seen as this, with the Elsa character in particular being an {{Expy}} for Elphaba (helped by the fact that both characters are played by Creator/IdinaMenzel). It's been commented on that the two main characters and their relationship is extremely similar in both works, the main difference being if the Glinda-like character was Elphaba's sister instead of Nessa.
* SpoiledBrat: Galinda at the start, before CharacterDevelopment. Nessarose, due to the DotingParent ParentalFavoritism of her father, straddles the line between this and SpoiledSweet before firmly turning into a brat.
* SpoiledSweet: What Glinda turns out to be. Nessarose has moments of this but ends up becoming a full on SpoiledBrat / RichBitch.
* StartOfDarkness: For the Wicked Witch of the West
** As well as the Wicked Witch of the East's.
* SteamPunk: The set design, with its rusty gears and cast-iron trusses.
** Taken UpToEleven in the Danish production, which vastly revamped the sets, and even the costumes, to contain even more steampunk elements than there already were.
* StuffedIntoTheFridge: [[ForegoneConclusion Nessarose]] and [[spoiler:Fiyero - or so we think.]]
* TakeThat: Some of the lyrics in "Popular" are: "When I see depressing creatures with unprepossessing features/I remind them on their own behalf/to think of celebrated heads of state or specially great communicators/Did they have brains or knowledge? Don't make me laugh!" RonaldReagan was known as The Great Communicator.
* ThenLetMeBeEvil: Elphaba declares this during "No Good Deed".
* TitleDrop: Often at the beginning and end of the first act, and even more so in the second act.
* TomboyAndGirlyGirl: Elphaba and Glinda.
* TookALevelInJerkass: [[spoiler:Nessarose]] goes from shy girl who appreciates her sister to [[spoiler:selfish dictator of Munchkinland.]]
* TorchesAndPitchforks: During "March of the Witch Hunters".
* TransformationTrauma:
** [[spoiler:Boq (in the musical) becoming the Tin Man.]] The way it's played once he realizes what he's been turned into is not too far from how Elizabeth reacts to awakening as a monster in the 1994 version of Frankenstein, minus the suicide.
** Chistery and the other monkeys growing wings looked pretty painful as well.
* TheUnfavorite: The only reason Elphaba was brought to Shiz in the musical was so that she can care for Nessarose.
* UsedToBeASweetKid: While she never truly does become an outright ''villain'', the musical follows Elphaba's beginnings as a friendly, sensitive girl, and how she came to be known as the notorious Wicked Witch of the West.
* VillainSong: "Wonderful" for [[spoiler:The Wizard]], and "No Good Deed" for Elphaba. Not on the soundtrack [[spoiler:"Wicked Witch of the East" for Nessarose]]. As detailed on the trope page, none of them are straight examples.
* VillainousBreakdown: Elphaba's breaking point in "No Good Deed", thinking that her attempt to save Fiyero was in vain.
* VillainWithGoodPublicity: [[spoiler:The Wizard]] is adored by the citizens of Oz despite his role in the oppression of the perfectly innocent Animals and the lies he spread about himself and Elphaba.
* WeCanRuleTogether:
** The point of "Wonderful". Bonus points for quoting the IWantSong.
** Elphaba offers Glinda a much less sinister version of this in the middle of "Defying Gravity".
* WellIntentionedExtremist: Unlike his book counterpart, the Wizard means well here, but is something of a bumbling oaf (albeit very accustomed to show business), and, depending on the play, is either easily manipulated by Madame Morrible, or was practically thrust into being the leader by the denizens of Oz, who wanted someone or something to blame and unite against. [[GenghisGambit He cynically gave them one.]]
-->The Wizard: [[GrayAndGrayMorality "People like to pretend moral ambiguity doesn't exist."]]
* WhatHappenedToTheMouse: A major plot point is that animals are forced to stop speaking. At the end it is never mentioned if this FantasticRacism has been wiped out or not. It doesn't look too good considering the cowardly Lion is the only Animal to speak in the movie.
** However, the good part of the BittersweetEnding is that [[spoiler: Glinda is now in power and will most likely help the animals regain their rights]].
** [[spoiler: Elphaba helps Doctor Dillamond escape in Act 2, followed by Fiyero and the guards entering. The scene continues and by the end on the show we never find out what became of Dillamond.]]
* WholeEpisodeFlashback: The whole musical is a flashback, from Glinda's POV, to her and Elphaba's relationship. The first and last scenes, however, take place after the events of the original story.
* WickedWitch: While Elphaba has all the trappings of it, the best literal example of the trope is Madame Morrible.
** Nessarose is also shown to be deserving of her title "The Wicked Witch of the East."
* WizardingSchool: To some extent, Shiz University-although sorcery is only one of the many subjects Shiz University students can pursue.
* WomanInWhite: Glinda on the famous poster. However, Glinda never wears white as Glinda the Good, but rather when she is young schoolgirl Galinda.
* WrittenByTheWinners: The wizard [[DiscussedTrope all but quotes this trope directly]] in "Wonderful", instead he says "Where I'm from we believe all sorts of things that aren't true... we call it history."
-->A man's called a traitor\\
Or liberator\\
A rich man's a thief or philanthropist\\
Is one a crusader\\
Or ruthless invader?\\
It's all in which label\\
Is able to persist
----