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->'''Estragon:''' Well, shall we go?
->'''Vladimir:''' Yes, let's go.
->''(They do not move.)''

A famously surreal "tragicomedy" by Creator/SamuelBeckett. Probably the best known example of the [[{{Absurdism}} Theatre of the Absurd]]. The story concerns [[ThoseTwoGuys these two guys]], Vladimir and Estragon (Didi and Gogo for short), who spend most of their time sitting by a lonely road, waiting for someone named Godot, who never comes. They have several brief but intense encounters with an UpperClassTwit named Pozzo and his servant, Lucky. In the course of the play, they wonder where Godot is, eat carrots, contemplate suicide, wonder where Godot is, discuss the Gospels, share dirty jokes, [[RuleOfThree wonder where Godot is]], exchange hats, and gradually succumb to existential angst and ennui.

It's wildly hilarious.

Inspired, among other things, ''Theatre/RosencrantzAndGuildensternAreDead'', and (surprisingly) ''Series/{{Bottom}}''. Has no relation to [[VisualNovel/PhoenixWrightAceAttorney a certain coffee-loving prosecutor]]. [[ShoutOut/AceAttorney Maybe.]]

!!This play provides examples of:

* {{Absurdism}}: One of the most famous examples of the Theatre of the Absurd, probably rivaled only by ''Theatre/WhosAfraidOfVirginiaWoolf'', ''Theatre/RosencrantzAndGuildensternAreDead'', and ''maybe'' ''Theatre/TheBaldSoprano''. It is also the GenrePopularizer.
* AccidentalMisnaming: For reasons which are never explained, the messenger boy always calls Vladimir "Mister Albert".
* AerithAndBob: Vladimir is a somewhat exotic name, but still real. Estragon, however, is French for Tarragon, a culinary herb.
* AffectionateNickname: Vladimir and Estragon, who call each other Didi and Gogo.
* AllThereInTheManual: "Godot" comes from the Irish "Go Deo" (pronounced relatively similarly to the US and Canadian English pronunciation of "Godot") which means "forever". Samuel Beckett, as is often forgotten, was an Irishman.
** However, "Go Deo" would be more accurately written in phonetic French as something more like Gojot, not Godot.
** Alternatively: Beckett pretends that the name Godot is derived from a French slang for "shoe", ''godillot''. The play is mainly concerned with duality, you see.
** It may even be a ShoutOut. The play ''The Maker'' by the famous French novelist Creator/HonoreDeBalzac features an in debt speculator, Mercadet. His favorite excuse for not paying his creditors was pretending to be waiting for his associate, Godeau (same pronunciation as Godot, in French) to come back from India with a lot of money. As one would expect, Godeau never shows up.
* AllThereInTheScript: Vladimir ("Didi") and Estragon ("Gogo") consistently refer to each other by their nicknames and are only named once each in the dialogue.
* ArcWords:
-->'''Estragon''': Let's go.\\
'''Vladimir''': We can't.\\
'''Estragon''': Why not?\\
'''Vladimir''': We're waiting for Godot.
** "Nothing to be done."
* BlackComedy
* BlindSeer: {{Discussed|Trope}} by Estragon.
-->'''Pozzo''': I am blind\\
'''Estragon''': Perhaps he can see into the future.
* BreakingTheFourthWall:
** At one point, the play calls for Estragon to try and escape from an unseen mob. Vladimir recommends he run in front of them (i.e. into the auditorium). Estragon refuses and Vladimir looks out into the auditorium and says "Well, I can understand that."
** When Vladimir and Estragon discuss whether they've been in the location before, the line "that bog" is traditionally delivered with a gesture towards the audience.
* BungledSuicide: Neither of them brought rope.
* ButtMonkey: Estragon is the more unfortunate of the main two, getting kicked by Lucky and regularly being beaten by a gang. Lucky is also this due to Pozzo's abuse
* CainAndAbel: Discussed.
* CharacterFilibuster: When Lucky finally begins to speak, the difficulty is getting him to shut up.
* ChromosomeCasting: Vladimir, Estragon, Pozzo, Lucky and the small boy are all male. Even Godot, who never appears onstage, is said to be a man. Some productions avert this, given that "Pozzo" and "Lucky" are decidedly gender-neutral names.
** Beckett was very insistent that none of the characters be [[GenderFlip gender-flipped]], even taking legal action against casts that tried it. This, of course, has not stopped all-female productions from being staged.
** The general rule is that the actors can be female, but they have to play the parts as male.
* CaptainObvious: Pozzo when Didi gets angry at him and Gogo:
-> ''Didi flips the stool''
-> Pozzo: He is angry
-> ''Didi puts the stool back''
-> He subsides.
* CrocodileTears: Pozzo does this to turn the others against Lucky.
* DestructiveRomance[=/=]WithFriendsLikeThese: Estragon thinks they're this. He often says they should break up, but never takes any action to actually do so.
-->'''Estragon''': You see, you feel worse when I'm with you. I feel better alone too.\\
'''Vladimir''': ''(vexed)''. Then why do you always come crawling back?\\
'''Estragon''': I don't know.
* DrivenToSuicide: Of course, it is only out of boredom that Didi and Gogo decide to try, though lack of rope prevents them.
* {{Foreshadowing}}: During Pozzo's outburst, he mentions not being to stand the way Lucky "goes on" anymore. Cut later to Lucky thinking...
* FunnyBackgroundEvent: Didi, Gogo, and Pozzo's reactions to Lucky's [[WordSaladPhilosophy "think" soliloquy]].
* TheGayNineties: Briefly alluded to by Vladimir. Becomes a FunnyAneurysmMoment when "a million years ago, in the nineties" takes on a new meaning in the 21st Century.
** Beckett later decided that mentioning any specific time was a mistake. The performing text of the play now reads "a million years ago, when the world was young".
* TheGhost: Godot.
* GroinAttack: Didi and Pozzo suggest doing this to Pozzo and Lucky respectively in order to get them to stand up in act 2.
* HaveAGayOldTime: It goes nicely with the HomoeroticSubtext.
-->'''Vladimir''': Sometimes I feel it coming all the same. Then I go all queer.
* HeterosexualLifePartners: Vladimir and Estragon.
** Pozzo and Lucky too, in kind of a twisted way.
* HomoeroticSubtext: [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Waiting_for_Godot#Homoerotic Tons of it.]]
-->'''Estragon''': Didi...\\
'''Vladimir''': ''(without turning).'' I've nothing to say to you.\\
'''Estragon''': ''(step forward).'' You're angry? ''(Silence. Step forward.)'' Forgive me. ''(Silence. Step forward. Estragon lays his hand on Vladimir's shoulder.)'' Come, Didi. ''(Silence.)'' Give me your hand. ''(Vladimir half turns.)'' Embrace me! ''(Vladimir stiffens.)'' Don't be stubborn! ''(Vladimir softens. They embrace. Estragon recoils.)'' You stink of garlic!\\
'''Vladimir''': It's for the kidneys. ''(Silence. Estragon looks attentively at the tree.)'' What do we do now?\\
'''Estragon''': Wait.\\
'''Vladimir''': Yes, but while waiting.\\
'''Estragon''': What about hanging ourselves?\\
'''Vladimir''': Hmm. It'd give us an erection.\\
'''Estragon''': ''(highly excited).'' An erection!\\
'''Vladimir''': With all that follows.
* HumanPackMule: Lucky is a canonical example.
* HumbleGoal: Didi and Gogo are just waiting for their friend.
* HypercompetentSidekick: Lucky in many interpretations.
* HypocriticalHumour:
** At one point in the second act, Vladimir tells Estragon that they should stop discussing things and just act. It takes him half a page of dialogue to say this.
** Pozzo, immediately after telling Vladimir and Estragon to stop bothering Lucky so he can rest, shouts at Lucky to take the basket.
* {{Improv}}: Most performances include at least ''some'', even if it's only physical comedy, especially when it comes to the cast's reactions to [[TalkativeLoon Lucky's]] speech.
** The 2009/2010 Berliner Ensemble performance had Didi and Gogo getting into discussions with the prompt. It was quite subdued and casual, and the actors were so in tune with each other it didn't seem at all disrespectful towards Beckett.
* ItIsPronouncedTroPAY: For some reasons, most Americans still have it in their heads after all this time that it's pronounced "Go-DOT" instead of "GO-dot". And most Canadians, thanks to mandatory French lessons, think it's "Go-DOH".
** It ''was'' originally in French.
** Samuel Beckett, however, was Irish, and did a bit of play on words by spelling "Go Deo" ("forever") as it would be in French.
** The correct UK- and Hiberno-English pronunciation of Godot is "GOD-oh". In spite of the fact that it is meant to be a French name, Beckett intended for the stress to be on the first syllable. Also, this makes the absent god allegory that much more explicit (but still unintentional).
* ItsAllAboutMe: Pozzo, at first.
* JerkWithAHeartOfGold: Pozzo enjoys Vladimir and Estragon's company immensely. He spends most of it insulting them.
* ManChild: Estragon, at times. Pozzo also acts like a spoiled brat most of the time.
* MeaningfulName: Godot comes from "Go Deo", meaning "forever". As such, he has Vladimir and Estragon waiting... forever.
* MindScrew: Try to watch it (or reading it) and not come out confused. Lampshaded:
-->'''Estragon''': I'll go and get a carrot.\\
''He does not move.''\\
'''Vladimir''': This is becoming really insignificant.
* MinimalistCast: There are only four characters (and the messenger boy).
* MoodWhiplash: A guy takes off his belt to hang himself -- and his trousers fall down.
* MotorMouth: Lucky... [[TheQuietOne when he bothers to talk]].
* NoEnding[=/=]WhatNowEnding: Godot never shows up, but Vladimir and Estragon can't bring themselves to leave.
* NonIndicativeName: Lucky might be the most unfortunate man on Earth.
* OldRetainer: Lucky.
* OnlyKnownByTheirNickname: The character's full names are (almost) never spoken in the text itself.
* OnlySaneMan: In the second act Vladimir begins to think he is this.
* OntologicalMystery
* OrphanedSetup: Estragon never does finish telling the story about the Englishman in the brothel.
* OverlyLongGag: Lucky's speech, the hat-swapping scene, and arguably the ''entire play''.
* OverlyPolitePals: The play seems to be an existential version of an Alphonse and Gaston routine.
* PottyEmergency: Didi has one while talking with Gogo about Pozzo.
* PuttingOnMyThinkingCap: Lucky, obviously.
* TheQuietOne: Lucky... until you [[MotorMouth tell him to think]].
* RandomEventsPlot
* RashomonStyle: Vladimir points out that the gospels contain an early example of this.
* RiddleForTheAges: Who or what is Godot? Why are they waiting for him? Will he ever come?
* SecondaryCharacterTitle
* SeinfeldianConversation: Most of what Vladimir and Estragon discuss.
* SesameStreetCred: Amazingly, the play was parodied on ''Series/SesameStreet'' in the "Monsterpiece Theatre" sketch ''[[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ksL_7WrhWOc Waiting for Elmo]]'', complete with generous satire of TrueArtIsIncomprehensible. That takes both ParentalBonus and ViewersAreGeniuses UpToEleven.
* ShapedLikeItself:
-->'''Vladimir''': How's the carrot?\\
'''Estragon''': It's a carrot.
* ShoutOut: To Literature/TheBible, among others.
** Pozzo's reference to Vladimir and Estragon being timid and standing in "fear and trembling" is a possible three-fer: it's a phrase from Literature/TheBible (Philippians 2:12, to be exact), the name of a book by philosopher Søren Kierkegaard which references the Biblical occurrence, and (separately from both of the above) a phrase from ''The Analects Of Creator/{{Confucius}}'', meaning the attitude one is to take when summoned before the emperor.
** The bowler hats that Vladimir and Estragon wear are a ShoutOut to Creator/LaurelAndHardy. (Beckett loved black and white comedy.) The scene where they pass their hats around is based on a similar skit in the Creator/MarxBrothers film ''Film/DuckSoup''.
* SmallNameBigEgo: Pozzo is astonished that Vladimir and Estragon have never heard of him.
* SpeechCentricWork: Vladimir and Estragon sitting around talking, and sometimes Lucky and Pozzo show up. That's it.
* SpiritualSuccessor: ''Series/{{Bottom}}'', amazingly (particularly from their West End production of it). It features Rik Mayall, Ade Edmondson and Christopher Ryan, who played (respectively) Rick, Vyvian and Mike in ''Series/TheYoungOnes''. Go figure! Further screwed around with by the early '90s production with Rick and Ade... and Christopher playing Lucky!
* SuckinessIsPainful: Lucky's "think" monologue becomes this to the others as it goes on.
* SuicideAsComedy: Vladimir and Estragon want to hang themselves to pass the time.
* SurrealHumour
* TakeThatCritics: During their match of VolleyingInsults, Estragon wins by calling Vladimir "a crrritic!"
** Possibly the entire play. If you criticize it for lacking something (plot, character, meaning), well, it worked!
* ThoseTwoGuys: Occasionally joined by Those Two Other Guys.
* TitleDrop:
-->'''Estragon:''' Let's go.\\
'''Vladimir:''' We can't.\\
'''Estragon:''' Why not?\\
'''Vladimir:''' We're waiting for Godot.
* UpperClassTwit: Pozzo.
* TheUnReveal: To answer your question, [[spoiler:no, we never get to see Godot]].
* UrExample: For the BritCom format -- a couple of losers in a bizarre situation have their lives disrupted by a couple of even crazier characters.
* VagabondBuddies: Didi and Gogo.
* VitriolicBestBuds: Vladimir and Estragon, at times. Pozzo and Lucky provide a darker take on the trope.
* TheVoiceless: Lucky, most of the time.
* VolleyingInsults: Vladimir and Estragon have a nice shouting match like this.
* WordSaladPhilosophy: Lucky again.
* WorldLimitedToThePlot
[[TheStinger Godot Was Here.]]